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Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192336/sitz-baths-bath-tubs-and-plastic
#1
LETTER
Lester Gottesman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192335/instead-of-a-sitz-bath-use-a-detachable-shower-head
#2
LETTER
Herand Abcarian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192334/lateral-node-dissection-in-rectal-cancer-in-the-era-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-step-by-step-description-for-the-surgeon-unacquainted-with-this-complex-procedure-with-the-use-of-the-laparoscopic-approach
#3
Rodrigo Oliva Perez, Guilherme P São Julião, Bruna Borba Vailati, Laura M Fernandez, Adrian E Mattacheo, Tsuyoshi Konishi
INTRODUCTION: Lateral node dissection in rectal cancer has been routinely performed in Eastern countries. Technical and anatomical challenges and potential significant postoperative morbidity associated with the procedure have prevented its implementation into clinical practice in Western countries. However, the minimally invasive approach may offer the opportunity of performing this complex procedure with precise anatomical dissection and minimal intraoperative blood loss. In this setting, proper training and standardization of technical steps is highly warranted for surgeons not fully acquainted with the procedure...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192333/robotic-complete-mesocolic-excision-and-para-aortic-lymph-node-dissection-for-cecal-cancer-and-paraganglioma
#4
Sung Uk Bae, Woon Kyung Jeong, Seong Kyu Baek, Nam Kyu Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192332/indocyanine-green-fluorescence-angiography-and-the-incidence-of-anastomotic-leak-after-colorectal-resection-for-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Renhui Shen, Ye Zhang, Tong Wang
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak is a life-threatening complication of colorectal surgery. Recent studies showed that indocyanine green fluorescence angiography might be a method to prevent anastomotic leak. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether intraoperative indocyanine green fluorescence angiography can reduce the incidence of anastomotic leak. DATA SOURCES: Potential relevant studies were identified from the following databases: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192331/the-effect-of-nonoperative-management-of-chronic-anal-fissure-and-hemorrhoid-disease-on-bowel-function-patient-reported-outcomes
#6
Matthew Z Wilson, Abhishek Swarup, Lauren R T Wilson, Srinivas Joga Ivatury
BACKGROUND: Nonoperative management has been reported to decrease symptoms from common anorectal conditions such as chronic anal fissures and hemorrhoids. The effects of these interventions on bowel function are unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to perform a prospective evaluation of patient-reported outcomes of bowel function on nonoperative management for chronic anal fissures and hemorrhoid disease. DESIGN: This is a prospective, observational study...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192330/life-after-surgery-surgeon-assessments-of-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-familial-adenomatous-polyposis
#7
Fahima Dossa, Arden M Morris, Amy R Wilson, Nancy N Baxter
BACKGROUND: Without prophylactic surgery, patients with familial adenomatous polyposis are at high risk for colorectal cancer development. Various surgical options for prophylaxis are available. Patient decision-making for preventative treatments is often influenced by the preferences of healthcare providers. OBJECTIVE: We determined surgeon preferences for the surgical options available to patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. DESIGN: We obtained preference estimates for postoperative health states from colorectal surgeons who had treated ≥10 patients with familial adenomatous polyposis...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192329/intraperitoneal-local-anesthetic-instillation-and-postoperative-infusion-improves-functional-recovery-following-colectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jaime A Duffield, Michelle L Thomas, James W Moore, R Andrew Hunter, Carolyn Wood, Sheridan Gentili, Mark Lewis
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal local anesthetic is an analgesic technique for inclusion in the polypharmacy approach to postoperative pain management in enhanced recovery after surgery programs. Previously, augmentation of epidural analgesia with intraperitoneal local anesthetic was shown to improve functional postoperative recovery following colectomy. OBJECTIVE: This study determines whether intraperitoneal local anesthetic improves postoperative recovery in patients undergoing colectomy, in the absence of epidural analgesia, with standardized enhanced recovery after surgery perioperative care...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192328/liposomal-bupivacaine-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-versus-epidural-analgesia-in-a-colon-and-rectal-surgery-enhanced-recovery-pathway-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniel R Felling, Miles W Jackson, Jane Ferraro, Michael A Battaglia, Jeremy J Albright, Juan Wu, Cheryl K Genord, Kara K Brockhaus, Rohit A Bhave, Amanda M McClure, Beth-Ann Shanker, Robert K Cleary
BACKGROUND: Multimodal pain management is an integral part of enhanced recovery pathways. The most effective pain management strategies have not been determined. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare liposomal bupivacaine transversus abdominis plane block with epidural analgesia in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. DESIGN: This is a single-institution, open-label randomized (1:1) trial. SETTING: This study compared liposomal bupivacaine transversus abdominis plane block with epidural analgesia in patients undergoing elective open and minimally invasive colorectal surgery in an enhanced recovery pathway...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192327/early-diuresis-after-colon-and-rectal-surgery-does-not-reduce-length-of-hospital-stay-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ilya M Danelich, John R Bergquist, Whitney J Bergquist, Jennifer L Osborn, Sampaguita S Wright, Brittany J Tefft, Ashley W Sturm, Diana R Langworthy, Jay Mandrekar, Richard M Devine, Scott R Kelley, Kellie L Mathis, John H Pemberton, Adam K Jacob, David W Larson
BACKGROUND: Excessive perioperative fluid administration likely increases postoperative cardiovascular, infectious, and GI complications. Early administration of diuretics after elective surgery facilitates rapid mobilization of excess fluid, potentially leading to decreased bowel edema, more rapid return of bowel function, and reduced length of hospital stay. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the benefit of early diuresis after elective colon and rectal surgery in the setting of an enhanced recovery after surgery practice...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192326/early-urinary-catheter-removal-following-pelvic-colorectal-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Devin N Patel, Seth I Felder, Michael Luu, Timothy J Daskivich, Karen N Zaghiyan, Phillip Fleshner
BACKGROUND: Because of the potential increased incidence of acute urinary retention, optimal timing of urinary catheter removal after major pelvic colorectal surgery remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the incidence of urinary retention following early catheter removal on postoperative day 1 vs standard catheter removal on day 3. DESIGN: This is a randomized, noninferiority trial. SETTING: This study was conducted at an urban teaching hospital...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192325/extended-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-after-elective-surgery-for-ibd-patients-nomogram-based-risk-assessment-and-prediction-from-nationwide-cohort
#12
Cigdem Benlice, Stefan D Holubar, Emre Gorgun, Luca Stocchi, Jeremy M Lipman, Matthew F Kalady, Bradley J Champagne, Scott R Steele
BACKGROUND: Identification of risk factors for postoperative venous thromboembolism is an important step to reduce the morbidity associated with this potentially preventable complication after elective surgery for patients with IBD. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the risk factors for 30-day venous thromboembolism after abdominal surgery for patients with venous thromboembolism, identify potential indications for extended thromboprophylaxis, and develop a nomogram for prediction of risk...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192324/the-alccas-trial-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-quality-of-life-following-laparoscopic-versus-open-colectomy-for-colon-cancer
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrew M McCombie, Frank Frizelle, Philip Frederick Bagshaw, Chris M Frampton, Peter J Hewett, Paul John McMurrick, Nicholas Rieger, Michael J Solomon, Andrew R Stevenson
BACKGROUND: This study reports the quality-of-life assessment of the ALCCaS trial. The ALCCaS trial compared laparoscopic and open resection for colon cancer. It reported equivalence of survival at 5 years. Quality of life was measured as a secondary outcome. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to report on the quality of life data of the ALCCaS Trial. DESIGN: This study reports a randomized controlled trial comparing laparoscopic with open colonic resection...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192323/consolidation-mfolfox6-chemotherapy-after-chemoradiotherapy-improves-survival-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-final-results-of-a-multicenter-phase-ii-trial
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Michael R Marco, Lihong Zhou, Sujata Patil, Jorge E Marcet, Madhulika G Varma, Samuel Oommen, Peter A Cataldo, Steven R Hunt, Anjali Kumar, Daniel O Herzig, Alessandro Fichera, Blase N Polite, Neil H Hyman, Charles A Ternent, Michael J Stamos, Alessio Pigazzi, David Dietz, Yuliya Yakunina, Raphael Pelossof, Julio Garcia-Aguilar
BACKGROUND: Adding modified FOLFOX6 (folinic acid, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin) after chemoradiotherapy and lengthening the chemoradiotherapy-to-surgery interval is associated with an increase in the proportion of rectal cancer patients with a pathological complete response. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze disease-free and overall survival. DESIGN: This was a nonrandomized phase II trial. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at multiple institutions...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192322/expert-commentary-on-uncomplicated-sigmoid-diverticulitis
#15
COMMENT
Jason F Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192321/uncomplicated-sigmoid-diverticulitis
#16
Jessica N Cohan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192320/the-american-society-of-colon-and-rectal-surgeons-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-radiation-proctitis
#17
Ian M Paquette, Jon D Vogel, Maher A Abbas, Daniel L Feingold, Scott R Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192319/benefits-and-early-outcomes-of-a-new-mock-oral-examination-for-colorectal-surgery
#18
Laura A Bradney, Carol R Thrush, D Keith Williams, Jason S Mizell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192318/diuretics-and-the-perioperative-fluid-balance
#19
EDITORIAL
Marina Varbanova, Ozan Akca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113341/radiologic-evaluation-of-clinically-benign-rectal-neoplasms-may-not-be-necessary-before-local-excision
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lawrence Lee, Leor Arbel, Matthew R Albert, Sam B Atallah, James Hill, John R T Monson
BACKGROUND: Local excision may be curative for benign and malignant rectal neoplasms. Because many early rectal cancers are discovered incidentally after local excision of clinically benign lesions, it is unclear whether preoperative imaging with transrectal ultrasound or MRI affects management. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic characteristics and effect of preoperative imaging on the incidence of malignancy in benign rectal lesions undergoing local excision...
October 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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