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Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771810/transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-vs-laparoscopic-total-mesorectal-excision-in-the-treatment-of-low-and-middle-rectal-cancer-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#1
Roberto Persiani, Alberto Biondi, Francesco Pennestrì, Valeria Fico, Veronica De Simone, Flavio Tirelli, Francesco Santullo, Domenico D'Ugo
BACKGROUND: Transanal total mesorectal excision is a novel and promising technique in the treatment of low and middle rectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the safety and feasibility of transanal total mesorectal excision versus laparoscopic total mesorectal excision. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study using propensity score matching analysis. SETTINGS: This study was conducted in a single high-volume university hospital...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771809/use-of-a-robotics-platform-for-surgical-management-of-presacral-tumors
#2
Craig A Messick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771808/predicting-survival-after-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-appendix-adenocarcinoma
#3
Omer Aziz, Ihab Jaradat, Bipasha Chakrabarty, Chelliah R Selvasekar, Paul E Fulford, Mark P Saunders, Andrew G Renehan, Malcolm S Wilson, Sarah T O'Dwyer
BACKGROUND: Appendix adenocarcinomas are rare tumors with propensity for peritoneal metastasis. Cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy is an established treatment with curative intent, but, to date, studies reporting survival have been heterogeneous with regard to their patient groups (including other tumor types), interventions (not all patients receiving intraperitoneal chemotherapy), and follow-up (varying surveillance protocols). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to quantify the impact of this intervention on survival in a homogeneous group of patients with appendix adenocarcinoma receiving standardized treatment and follow-up, and to determine the impact of prognostic indicators on survival...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771807/administration-of-an-oral-hydration-solution-prevents-electrolyte-and-fluid-disturbances-and-reduces-readmissions-in-patients-with-a-diverting-ileostomy-after-colorectal-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Athanasios Migdanis, Georgios Koukoulis, Ioannis Mamaloudis, Ioannis Baloyiannis, Ioannis Migdanis, Maria Kanaki, Eleni Malissiova, Georgios Tzovaras
BACKGROUND: Patients with a newly formed ileostomy often develop electrolyte abnormalities and dehydration. OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the prophylactic effect of an isotonic hydration solution on dehydration and electrolyte abnormalities in patients with a newly formed ileostomy. DESIGN: This was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial (NCT02036346). SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a single surgical unit of a public university hospital...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771806/supine-bottom-up-extralevator-abdominoperineal-excision-with-primary-perineal-approach
#5
Cécile de Chaisemartin, Diane Mège, Jean Michel Durey, Hélène Meillat, Jean Robert Delpero, Bernard Lelong
To improve poor oncological outcomes of conventional abdominoperineal excision (APE), an extralevator abdominoperineal excision has been developed. This technique is associated with a larger pelvic floor defect and needs position changing and flap reconstruction, which increase operating time and morbidity without proof of best oncological results. Based on the recent development of transanal approaches for retrograde transanal mesorectal excision, we describe a novel approach for APE by a primary perineal dissection...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771805/robotic-resection-of-presacral-retrorectal-tumors-and-waldeyer-s-fascia
#6
Slawomir J Marecik, Ahmed Al-Khamis, Kunal Kochar, John J Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771804/preemptive-analgesia-decreases-pain-following-anorectal-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#7
Justin T Van Backer, Matthew R Jordan, Danielle T Leahy, Jesse S Moore, Peter Callas, Timothy Dominick, Peter A Cataldo
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is a frequent cause for delayed discharge following outpatient procedures, including anorectal surgery. Both central and peripheral pain receptor sensitization are thought to contribute to postoperative pain. Blocking these receptors and preempting sensitization prevents hyperalgesia leading to lower pain medication requirements. Studies in the orthopedic, urologic, and gynecologic literature support this practice, but the use of preemptive analgesia in anorectal surgery is understudied...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771803/multidisciplinary-rectal-cancer-care-in-the-united-states-lessons-learned-from-the-united-kingdom-multidisciplinary-team-model-and-future-perspectives
#8
Deborah S Keller, Steven D Wexner, Manish Chand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771802/importance-of-considering-portomesenteric-vein-thrombosis-and-operation-in-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-colorectal-surgery
#9
Nicholas P McKenna, Amy L Lightner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771801/detection-rate-of-high-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-lesions-as-a-quality-assurance-metric-for-high-resolution-anoscopy-in-hiv-positive-men
#10
Matthijs L Siegenbeek van Heukelom, Elske Marra, Irina Cairo, Arne Van Eeden, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff, Henry J C De Vries, Jan M Prins
BACKGROUND: High-resolution anoscopy-guided biopsies are the gold standard for identifying anal intraepithelial neoplasia, but diagnosing high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions depends on the skills of the anoscopist. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to validate the high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion detection rate as a quality assurance metric for high-resolution anoscopy in HIV-positive men. DESIGN: This is a retrospective study. SETTING: This study was conducted at 3 HIV outpatient clinics in Amsterdam, The Netherlands...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771800/left-sided-dominance-of-early-onset-colorectal-cancers-a-rationale-for-screening-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-in-the-young
#11
Lior Segev, Matthew F Kalady, James M Church
BACKGROUND: National databases show a recent significant increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer in people younger than 50. With current recommendations to begin average-risk screening at age 50, these patients do not have the opportunity to be screened. We hypothesized that most of the cancers among the young would be left sided, which would create an opportunity for screening the young by flexible sigmoidoscopy. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the anatomic distribution of sporadic colorectal cancers in patients under the age of 50...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771799/pilonidal-disease-management-and-definitive-treatment
#12
John P Kuckelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771798/conservative-treatment-of-hemorrhoids-deserves-more-attention-in-guidelines-and-clinical-practice
#13
Pankaj Garg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771797/measuring-in-hospital-recovery-after-colorectal-surgery-within-a-well-established-enhanced-recovery-pathway-a-comparison-between-hospital-length-of-stay-and-time-to-readiness-for-discharge
#14
Saba Balvardi, Nicolò Pecorelli, Tanya Castelino, Petru Niculiseanu, A Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Barry Stein, Franco Carli, Nancy E Mayo, Liane S Feldman, Julio F Fiore
BACKGROUND: Hospital length of stay is often used as a measure of in-hospital recovery but may be confounded by organizational factors. Time to readiness for discharge may provide a superior index of recovery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to contribute evidence for the construct validity of time to readiness for discharge and length of stay as measures of in-hospital recovery after colorectal surgery in the context of a well-established enhanced recovery pathway...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771796/a-population-based-cohort-analysis-of-chemoradiation-versus-radiation-alone-for-definitive-treatment-of-stage-i-anal-cancer-in-older-patients
#15
Michael Buckstein, Yotam Arens, Juan Wisnivesky, Michael Gaisa, Stephen Goldstone, Keith Sigel
BACKGROUND: Although the benefit of chemoradiation over radiation therapy alone has been shown in randomized trials for stage II to III squamous cell of the anus, this benefit is not clear for patients with stage I cancer. Nevertheless, most societal recommendations endorse chemoradiation for patients with stage I squamous cell carcinoma of the anus despite the lack of proven benefit and potential increase in toxicity. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether outcomes are improved with the addition of chemotherapy versus radiation alone for stage I squamous cell carcinoma of the anus...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771795/the-effect-of-peer-support-on-colorectal-cancer-patients-adherence-to-guideline-concordant-multidisciplinary-care
#16
Arielle E Kanters, Arden M Morris, Paul H Abrahamse, Lona Mody, Pasithorn A Suwanabol
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary care is critical for the successful treatment of stage III colorectal cancer, yet receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy remains unacceptably low. Peer support, or exposure to others treated for colorectal cancer, has been proposed as a means to improve patient acceptance of cancer care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of peer support on the attitudes of patients with colorectal cancer toward chemotherapy and their adherence to it...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697477/utility-scores-and-preferences-for-surgical-and-organ-sparing-approaches-for-treatment-of-intermediate-and-high-risk-rectal-cancer
#17
Alice M Couwenberg, Martijn P W Intven, Johannes P M Burbach, Marleen J Emaus, Wilhelmina M U van Grevenstein, Helena M Verkooijen
BACKGROUND: Organ-sparing approaches, including wait-and-see and local excision, are increasingly being offered to patients with rectal cancer following a good response to neoadjuvant therapy. Preferences regarding these treatment strategies are yet unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the preferences and utility scores for rectal cancer treatment approaches. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. SETTING: This study was conducted at the Radiation-Oncology Department of the University Medical Center Utrecht...
April 24, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664800/randomized-controlled-trial-of-extended-perioperative-counseling-in-enhanced-recovery-after-colorectal-surgery
#18
Håvard Mjørud Forsmo, Christian Erichsen, Anne Rasdal, Jon Meyer Tvinnereim, Hartwig Körner, Frank Pfeffer
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs reduce the length of hospital stay in patients who undergo elective colorectal resection, but the reasons for this reduction are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the impact of extended perioperative counseling in treatment groups that were otherwise the same with respect to enhanced recovery after surgery criteria. DESIGN: Patients eligible for open or laparoscopic colorectal resection were randomly assigned to extended counseling (repeated information and guidance by a dedicated nurse) or standard counseling...
April 16, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664798/pouch-volvulus-in-patients-having-undergone-restorative-proctocolectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis-a-case-series
#19
Rachel M Landisch, Paul M Knechtges, Mary F Otterson, Kirk A Ludwig, Timothy J Ridolfi
BACKGROUND: Restorative proctocolectomy with IPAA improves quality of life in patients with medically refractory ulcerative colitis. Although bowel obstruction is common, pouch volvulus is rare and described only in case reports. Diagnosis can be challenging, resulting in delayed care and heightened morbidity. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to delineate the symptoms and successful management strategies used in patients with IPAA volvulus that result in pouch salvage...
April 16, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664797/functional-outcomes-after-rectal-resection-for-deep-infiltrating-pelvic-endometriosis-long-term-results
#20
Suna Erdem, Sara Imboden, Andrea Papadia, Susanne Lanz, Michael D Mueller, Beat Gloor, Mathias Worni
BACKGROUND: Curative management of deep infiltrating endometriosis requires complete removal of all endometriotic implants. Surgical approach to rectal involvement has become a topic of debate given potential postoperative bowel dysfunction and complications. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess long-term postoperative evacuation and incontinence outcomes after laparoscopic segmental rectal resection for deep infiltrating endometriosis involving the rectal wall...
April 16, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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