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Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112576/residency-programs-in-colon-and-rectal-surgery
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112575/special-thanks-and-appreciation-to-our-reviewers
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112574/the-authors-reply
#3
Richard Garfinkle, Marylise Boutros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112573/bowel-prep-and-oral-antibiotics-in-colorectal-surgery
#4
Rick Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112572/comments-on-the-article-selected-techniques-of-anal-fistula-surgery-from-antiquity-through-the-early-20th-century
#5
Khawaja Azimuddin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112571/fluorescence-guided-robotic-total-mesorectal-excision-with-lateral-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-a-video-presentation
#6
Hye Jin Kim, Jun Seok Park, Gyu-Seog Choi, Soo Yeun Park, Hee Jae Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112570/rectal-eversion-technique-a-method-to-achieve-very-low-rectal-transection-and-anastomosis-with-particular-value-in-laparoscopic-cases
#7
Vitaliy Poylin, Peter Mowschenson, Deborah Nagle, Thomas Cataldo
INTRODUCTION: Transection of the rectum at the anorectal junction is required for proper resection in ulcerative colitis and restorative proctocolectomy. Achieving stapled transection at the pelvic floor is often challenging, particularly during laparoscopic proctectomy. Transanal mucosectomy and handsewn anastomosis are frequently used to achieve adequate resection. Rectal eversion provides an alternative for low anorectal transection and maintains the ability to perform stapled anastomosis...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112569/stromal-cell-derived-factor-1-plasmid-regenerates-both-smooth-and-skeletal-muscle-after-anal-sphincter-injury-in-the-long-term
#8
Li Sun, Mei Kuang, Marc Penn, Margot S Damaser, Massarat Zutshi
BACKGROUND: Regenerating muscle at a time remote from injury requires re-expression of cytokines to attract stem cells to start and sustain the process of repair. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the sustainability of muscle regeneration after treatment with a nonviral plasmid expressing stromal cell-derived factor 1. DESIGN: This was a randomized study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted with animals in a single research facility...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112568/sacral-nerve-stimulation-for-fecal-incontinence-how-long-should-the-test-phase-be
#9
Elsa Lambrescak, Vincent Wyart, Guillaume Meurette, Jean-Luc Faucheron, Christian Thomas, Patrick Atienza, Paul-Antoine Lehur, Isabelle Etienney
BACKGROUND: Decision-making for pulse generator implantation for sacral nerve stimulation in the management of fecal incontinence is based on the results of a test phase. Its duration is still a matter of debate. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an early positive response during the test phase could predict implantation of a permanent sacral nerve pulse generator. DESIGN: This was a short-term observational cohort study...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112567/a-pilot-study-of-the-prevalence-of-anal-human-papillomavirus-and-dysplasia-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-ibd
#10
Ross D Cranston, Miguel Regueiro, Jana Hashash, Jonathan R Baker, Nicola Richardson-Harman, Laura Janocko, Ian McGowan
BACKGROUND: Defective cell-mediated immunity increases the risk of human papillomavirus-associated anal dysplasia and cancer. There is limited information on anal canal disease in patients with IBD. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess anal/vaginal human papillomavirus and anal dysplasia prevalence in patients with IBD. DESIGN: Patients had an anal examination before routine colonoscopy. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a tertiary IBD referral center...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112566/what-is-the-risk-of-anastomotic-leak-after-repeat-intestinal-resection-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#11
W Forrest Johnston, Caitlin Stafford, Todd D Francone, Thomas E Read, Peter W Marcello, Patricia L Roberts, Rocco Ricciardi
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of Crohn's patients require intestinal resection, and many need repeat resections. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the increased risk of clinical anastomotic leak in patients with a history of previous intestinal resection undergoing repeat resection with anastomosis for Crohn's disease. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected departmental data with 100% capture...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112565/a-randomized-control-trial-of-preoperative-oral-antibiotics-as-adjunct-therapy-to-systemic-antibiotics-for-preventing-surgical-site-infection-in-clean-contaminated-contaminated-and-dirty-type-of-colorectal-surgeries
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nadeem Anjum, Jianan Ren, Gefei Wang, Guanwei Li, Xiuwen Wu, Hu Dong, Qin Wu, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: Preoperative bowel preparation with or without oral antibiotics is controversial in terms of postoperative surgical site infections. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of oral antibiotics as adjunct therapy to systemic antibiotics with mechanical bowel preparation for preventing surgical site infections in clean contaminated, contaminated, and dirty colorectal procedures. DESIGN: This was a single-center, prospective randomized study...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112564/a-surgical-clostridium-associated-risk-of-death-score-predicts-mortality-after-colectomy-for-clostridium-difficile
#13
Audrey S Kulaylat, Zain Kassam, Christopher S Hollenbeak, David B Stewart
BACKGROUND: A Clostridium difficile-associated risk of death score was recently developed and validated by using a national cohort of both nonsurgical and surgical patients admitted with C difficile infection. However, risk scores specifically derived from surgical cohorts and designed for patients with C difficile infection are currently unavailable. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a risk of death score for patients with C difficile infection who are being considered for total abdominal colectomy because of the failure of medical therapy...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112563/naples-prognostic-score-based-on-nutritional-and-inflammatory-status-is-an-independent-predictor-of-long-term-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer
#14
Gennaro Galizia, Eva Lieto, Annamaria Auricchio, Francesca Cardella, Andrea Mabilia, Vlasta Podzemny, Paolo Castellano, Michele Orditura, Vincenzo Napolitano
BACKGROUND: The existing scores reflecting the patient's nutritional and inflammatory status do not include all biomarkers and have been poorly studied in colorectal cancers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess a new prognostic tool, the Naples prognostic score, comparing it with the prognostic nutritional index, controlling nutritional status score, and systemic inflammation score. DESIGN: This was an analysis of patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112562/initiation-of-a-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-program-at-an-academic-training-program-evaluating-patient-safety-and-quality-outcomes
#15
Justin A Maykel, Uma R Phatak, Pasithorn A Suwanabol, Andrew T Schlussel, Jennifer S Davids, Paul R Sturrock, Karim Alavi
BACKGROUND: Short-term results have shown that transanal total mesorectal excision is safe and effective for patients with mid to low rectal cancers. Transanal total mesorectal excision is considered technically challenging; thus, adoption has been limited to a few academic centers in the United States. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe outcomes after the initiation of a transanal total mesorectal excision program in the setting of an academic colorectal training program...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112561/nodal-disease-in-rectal-cancer-patients-with-complete-tumor-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-danger-below-calm-waters
#16
Rebeccah B Baucom, Lillias H Maguire, Sandra L Kavalukas, Timothy M Geiger, Molly M Ford, Roberta L Muldoon, M Benjamin Hopkins, Alexander T Hawkins
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with rectal cancer who undergo neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy will develop a complete pathologic tumor response. Complete nodal response is not universal in these patients and is difficult to assess clinically. Quantifying the risk of nodal disease would allow for targeted therapy with either radical resection or "watchful waiting." OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify risk factors for residual nodal disease in ypT0 rectal adenocarcinoma...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112560/is-the-distance-worth-it-patients-with-rectal-cancer-traveling-to-high-volume-centers-experience-improved-outcomes
#17
Zhaomin Xu, Adan Z Becerra, Carla F Justiniano, Courtney I Boodry, Christopher T Aquina, Alex A Swanger, Larissa K Temple, Fergal J Fleming
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether traveling long distances to high-volume centers would compensate for travel burden among patients undergoing rectal cancer resection. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether operative volume outweighs the advantages of being treated locally by comparing the outcomes of patients with rectal cancer treated at local, low-volume centers versus far, high-volume centers. DESIGN: This was a population-based study...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112559/do-moderate-surgical-treatment-delays-influence-survival-in-colon-cancer
#18
Kerollos Nashat Wanis, Sanjay V B Patel, Muriel Brackstone
BACKGROUND: Studies examining treatment delay and survival after surgical treatment of colon cancer have varied in quality and outcome, with little evidence available regarding the safety of longer surgical treatment wait times. OBJECTIVE: Our study examined the effect of surgical treatment wait times on survival for patients with stage I to III colon cancer. DESIGN: A subset cohort analysis was performed using data from a prospectively maintained database...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112558/expert-commentary-on-appendiceal-neoplasms
#19
Konstantinos I Votanopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112557/appendiceal-neoplasms
#20
Quinton M Hatch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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