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Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059927/colon-and-rectal-surgery-regional-society-meetings
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059926/residency-programs-in-colon-and-rectal-surgery
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059925/the-author-replies
#3
Adolfo Renzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059924/should-perineal-descent-be-managed-as-a-multifactorial-clinicopathologic-entity-in-patients-with-obstructed-defecation
#4
Luigi Brusciano, Gianmattia Del Genio, Salvatore Tolone, Giovanni Docimo, Ludovico Docimo, Paolo Limongelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059923/rationale-for-investigating-stool-metabolites-and-microbiota-in-women-with-fecal-incontinence
#5
Lily A Arya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059922/laparoscopic-detorsion-of-an-ileal-pouch-and-pouch-pexy
#6
Justin T Brady, Scott R Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059921/a-cross-sectional-review-of-reporting-variation-in-postoperative-bowel-dysfunction-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#7
Stephen J Chapman, William S Bolton, Neil Corrigan, Neville Young, David G Jayne
BACKGROUND: Postoperative bowel dysfunction affects quality of life after sphincter-preserving rectal cancer surgery, but the extent of the problem is not clearly defined because of inconsistent outcome measures used to characterize the condition. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess variation in the reporting of postoperative bowel dysfunction and to make recommendations for standardization in future studies. If possible, a quantitative synthesis of bowel dysfunction symptoms was planned...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059920/local-excision-techniques-for-rectal-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-what-are-we-doing
#8
Fraser McLean Smith, Abdul Ahad, Rodrigo Oliva Perez, John Marks, Krzysztof Bujko, Richard J Heald
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence shows that the majority of rectal cancers demonstrate occult tumor scatter after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy that can extend for several centimeters under adjacent normal-appearing mucosa beside the residual mucosal abnormality or scar. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to determine all of the published selection criteria and technical descriptions for local excision to date with regard to this phenomenon. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase were searched using the following key words: rectal cancer, local excision, radiotherapy, and neoadjuvant...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059919/reducing-readmissions-while-shortening-length-of-stay-the-positive-impact-of-an-enhanced-recovery-protocol-in-colorectal-surgery
#9
Puja M Shah, Lily Johnston, Bethany Sarosiek, Amy Harrigan, Charles M Friel, Robert H Thiele, Traci L Hedrick
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmission rates are an increasingly important quality metric since enactment of the 2012 Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program. The proliferation of enhanced recovery protocols and earlier discharge raises concerns for increased readmission rates. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of enhanced recovery on readmissions and identified risk factors for readmission. DESIGN: This study involved implementation of a multidisciplinary enhanced recovery protocol...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059918/quality-improvement-initiatives-in-colorectal-surgery-value-of-physician-feedback
#10
Joshua A Waters, Todd Francone, Peter W Marcello, Patricia L Roberts, David J Schoetz, Thomas E Read, Caitlin Stafford, Rocco Ricciardi
BACKGROUND: The impact of process improvement through surgeon feedback on outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effect of biannual surgeon-specific feedback on outcomes and adherence to departmental and Surgical Care Improvement Project process measures on colorectal surgery outcomes. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected 100% capture surgical quality improvement data. SETTING: This study was conducted at the department of colorectal surgery at a tertiary care teaching hospital from January 2008 through December 2013...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059917/characterization-of-readmission-by-day-of-rehospitalization-after-colorectal-surgery
#11
Ahmed M Al-Mazrou, Kunal Suradkar, Christine M Mauro, Ravi P Kiran
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with readmission stratified by the day of postdischarge rehospitalization after colorectal surgery have not been characterized previously. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors leading to readmission on a day-to-day basis after discharge from colorectal surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of patients readmitted within 30-days after colorectal surgery. Reasons and factors associated with readmission each day after discharge were evaluated...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059916/does-hospital-transfer-impact-outcomes-after-colorectal-surgery
#12
Christopher J Chow, Wolfgang B Gaertner, Christine C Jensen, Bradford Sklow, Robert D Madoff, Mary R Kwaan
BACKGROUND: With increasing public reporting of outcomes and bundled payments, hospitals and providers are scrutinized for morbidity and mortality. The impact of patient transfer before colorectal surgery has not been well characterized in a risk-adjusted fashion. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that hospital-to-hospital transfer would independently predict morbidity and mortality beyond traditional predictor variables. DESIGN: We constructed a retrospective cohort of 158,446 patients who underwent colorectal surgery using the 2009-2013 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059915/bio-thiersch-as-an-adjunct-to-perineal-proctectomy-reduces-rates-of-recurrent-rectal-prolapse
#13
Saleh M Eftaiha, Jed F Calata, Jeremy J Sugrue, Slawomir J Marecik, Leela M Prasad, Anders Mellgren, Johan Nordenstam, John J Park
BACKGROUND: The rates of recurrent prolapse after perineal proctectomy vary widely in the literature, with incidences ranging between 0% and 50%. The Thiersch procedure, first described in 1891 for the treatment of rectal prolapse, involves encircling the anus with a foreign material with the goal of confining the prolapsing rectum above the anus. The Bio-Thiersch procedure uses biological mesh for anal encirclement and can be used as an adjunct to perineal proctectomy for rectal prolapse to reduce recurrence...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059914/risk-factors-for-recurrence-after-laparoscopic-ventral-rectopexy
#14
Cherylin W P Fu, Andrew R L Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy effectively treats posterior compartment prolapse. However, recurrence after laparoscopic ventral rectopexy is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate factors contributing to recurrence after laparoscopic ventral rectopexy. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed of patients who underwent laparoscopic ventral rectopexy between June 2008 and June 2014. Patients presenting with full-thickness rectal prolapse were compared against the rest...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059913/liposomal-bupivacaine-use-in-transversus-abdominis-plane-blocks-reduces-pain-and-postoperative-intravenous-opioid-requirement-after-colorectal-surgery
#15
Audrey L Stokes, Sanjib D Adhikary, Ashley Quintili, Frances J Puleo, Christine S Choi, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Evangelos Messaris
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery protocols frequently use multimodal postoperative analgesia to improve postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate liposomal bupivacaine use in transversus abdominis plane blocks on postoperative pain scores and opioid use after colorectal surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study comparing outcomes between patients receiving nonliposomal anesthetic (n = 104) and liposomal bupivacaine (n = 303) blocks...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059912/phenol-injection-versus-excision-with-open-healing-in-pilonidal-disease-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#16
Ismail Calikoglu, Kamil Gulpinar, Derya Oztuna, Atilla Halil Elhan, Osman Dogru, Cihangir Akyol, Bulent Erkek, Mehmet Ayhan Kuzu
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive procedures may be an alternative to surgical excisions for pilonidal disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare phenol injection versus excision with open healing technique. DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized study (ACTRN12612000868886). SETTINGS: This study was conducted at the Ankara University and Ufuk University Departments of Surgery. PATIENTS: One hundred forty patients were randomly assigned to phenol injection (n = 70) or excision with open healing (n = 70)...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059911/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-for-early-rectal-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#17
Conor H O'Neill, Joseph Platz, Jesse S Moore, Peter W Callas, Peter A Cataldo
BACKGROUND: There is debate regarding the appropriate use of transanal endoscopic microsurgery for rectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed our single-center experience with transanal endoscopic microsurgery for early rectal cancer. DESIGN: Medical charts of patients who underwent transanal endoscopic microsurgery were reviewed to determine lesion characteristics, as well as operative and treatment characteristics. Complications and recurrences were recorded...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059910/validation-of-mri-and-surgical-decision-making-to-predict-a-complete-resection-in-pelvic-exenteration-for-recurrent-rectal-cancer
#18
Wendy E Brown, Cherry E Koh, Tim Badgery-Parker, Michael J Solomon
BACKGROUND: The main predictor of long-term survival in patients with recurrent rectal cancer is surgical resection with a clear resection margin. MRI plays a role in patient selection and surgical planning. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to validate MRI in determining pelvic involvement by comparing MRI to histological outcomes, to assess the effect of MRI on surgical planning by comparing MRI findings with the surgical procedure, and to compare MRI anatomical involvement with resection outcome to assess if MRI can predict a clear resection margin...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059909/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-lynch-syndrome
#19
Daniel O Herzig, W Donald Buie, Martin R Weiser, Y Nancy You, Janice F Rafferty, Daniel Feingold, Scott R Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059908/reducing-unplanned-readmissions-after-colorectal-surgery-the-choice-is-the-carrot-or-the-stick
#20
Beth A Virnig, Katie M White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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