journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407931/effect-of-medicaid-expansion-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-rates
#1
Yasmin A Zerhouni, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Stuart Lipsitz, Joel Goldberg, Jennifer Irani, Ronald Bleday, Adil H Haider, Nelya Melnitchouk
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer screening decreases incidence and improves survival. Minorities and low-income patients have lower screening rates. The Affordable Care Act increased insurance coverage for low-income Americans by funding Medicaid expansion. Not all states expanded Medicaid. The effect of Medicaid expansion on colorectal cancer screening is unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate if Medicaid expansion improved colorectal cancer screening for minorities and low-income patients...
November 7, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30398999/comparison-of-anal-versus-rectal-staging-in-the-prognostication-of-rectal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-population-based-analysis
#2
Paolo Goffredo, Timothy J Robinson, Jessica M Frakes, Alan F Utria, Aaron T Scott, Imran Hassan
BACKGROUND: Rectal squamous cell carcinoma is a rare malignancy with limited data regarding management and prognosis. It is also unknown whether a rectal squamous cell cancer staging system should be based on size, as for anal squamous cell carcinoma, or depth of invasion, as for rectal adenocarcinoma. OBJECTIVE: The aims of the current study were to determine the optimal management strategy, prognostic factors, and staging system for rectal squamous cell carcinoma...
November 5, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394988/local-excision-versus-radical-resection-for-1-to-2-cm-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-rectum-a-national-cancer-database-analysis
#3
Adam C Fields, Lily V Saadat, Rebecca E Scully, Jennifer S Davids, Joel E Goldberg, Ronald Bleday, Nelya Melnitchouk
BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical management for 1- to 2-cm, nonmetastatic rectal neuroendocrine tumors remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine overall survival and operative outcomes in patients who underwent local excision versus radical resection of rectal neuroendocrine tumors. DESIGN: The National Cancer Database (2004-2013) was queried to identify patients with nonmetastatic rectal neuroendocrine tumors who underwent local excision or radical resection...
November 1, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394987/low-anterior-resection-syndrome-and-quality-of-life-after-sphincter-sparing-rectal-cancer-surgery-a-long-term-longitudinal-follow-up
#4
Emil H A Pieniowski, Gabriella J Palmer, Therese Juul, Pernilla Lagergren, Asif Johar, Katrine J Emmertsen, Caroline Nordenvall, Mirna Abraham-Nordling
BACKGROUND: Despite low anterior resection syndrome being a well-known consequence of sphincter-preserving rectal cancer surgery, the long-term effect on bowel function and quality of life is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elucidate whether symptoms of low anterior resection syndrome change over time and if the correlation to quality of life is equivalent when measured at 2 time points. DESIGN: This prospective cohort study included measurements at 2 time points (5 years between; range, 7...
November 1, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394986/a-decision-analysis-for-rectal-sparing-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-total-colectomy-with-ileorectal-anastomosis-versus-proctocolectomy-with-ipaa
#5
Nelya Melnitchouk, Lily Victoria Saadat, Ronald Bleday, Joel E Goldberg
BACKGROUND: There are different approaches for the surgical management of rectal-sparing familial adenomatous polyposis with variable impacts on both quality of life and survival. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the trade-offs between total proctocolectomy with IPAA versus total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis using decision analysis. DESIGN: We created a disease simulation Markov model to simulate the clinical events after IPAA and ileorectal anastomosis for rectal-sparing familial adenomatous polyposis in a cohort of individuals at the age 30 years...
November 1, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394985/consequences-of-increasing-complexity-in-anorectal-surgery-performed-at-an-academic-center
#6
David J Hiller, Sami A Chadi, Lester Rosen, Steven D Wexner
BACKGROUND: Anorectal surgery encompasses a wide range of procedures with varying complexity. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Review Committee for Colon and Rectal Surgery recommends minimum case numbers (60) for 1-year specialty trainees in 6 categories of anorectal surgery, with definitions for procedural complexity. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the scope of anorectal procedures and propose a stratification of procedures based on a consensus of levels of difficulty, as well as to identify a predictive charge cutoff suggestive of procedural complexity...
November 1, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394984/a-changing-spectrum-of-colorectal-cancer-biology-with-age-implications-for-the-young-patient
#7
Hanumant Chouhan, Sylvain Ferrandon, Jennifer DeVecchio, Matthew F Kalady, James M Church
BACKGROUND: The methylator pathway of colorectal carcinogenesis, characterized by CpG island hypermethylation and BRAF mutations, accounts for ≈25% of colorectal cancers. Because these cancers tend to be right sided and because DNA methylation in the right colon increases with age, we expect an increasing proportion of right-sided cancer over time. Conversely, we expect young patients (age <50 y) to have less methylated and fewer right-sided cancers OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to analyze the distribution and genetic traits of colorectal cancer from different age groups...
November 1, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394983/emergent-colon-resections-does-surgeon-specialization-influence-outcomes
#8
Audrey S Kulaylat, Emmanouil Pappou, Matthew M Philp, Benjamin A Kuritzkes, Gail Ortenzi, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Christine Choi, Evangelos Messaris
BACKGROUND: Relationships between high-volume surgeons and improved postoperative outcomes have been well documented. Colorectal procedures are often performed by general surgeons, particularly in emergent settings, and may form a large component of their practice. The influence of subspecialized training on outcomes after emergent colon surgery, however, is not well described. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether subspecialty training in colorectal surgery is associated with differences in postoperative outcomes after emergency colectomy...
November 1, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399053/corrigendum
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399052/special-thanks-and-appreciation-to-our-reviewers
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399051/management-of-pilonidal-disease-needs-paradigm-shift-from-more-to-less-enough-evidence-and-logic-available
#11
Pankaj Garg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399050/robotic-posterior-suturepexy-for-colonic-prolapse-two-years-after-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-for-low-rectal-cancer
#12
Ben Gys, Eveline Patteet, Sylvie Van den Broeck, Guy Hubens, Niels Komen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399049/treatment-of-complicated-anal-fistula-by-an-endofistular-polyurethane-sponge-vacuum-therapy-a-pilot-study
#13
Bodo Schniewind, Clemens Schafmayer, Witigo von Schönfels, Nils G Heits, Torsten Kucharzik, Georg Klein, Jochen Hampe
BACKGROUND: Treatment of supra- and transsphincteric anal fistulas remains a clinical challenge because current treatment results are variable and potentially endanger sphincter function. OBJECTIVE: Based on positive results of endoluminal polyurethane-sponge vacuum therapy in the upper and lower GI tract, a new system for endofistular vacuum therapy was developed for anal fistulas to utilize vacuum therapy to remove the endofistular pseudoepithelium and to induce granulation in the fistula tract...
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399048/expert-commentary-on-the-prevention-and-management-of-colostomy-complications-retraction-and-stenosis
#14
Ian M Paquette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399047/prevention-and-management-of-colostomy-complications-retraction-and-stenosis
#15
Pasithorn A Suwanabol, Karin M Hardiman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399046/epidurals-and-colorectal-surgery-have-they-had-their-day
#16
Andrew G Hill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399045/one-step-forward-two-steps
#17
Stephen E Goldstone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371549/operative-strategies-for-perforated-diverticulitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Sergio A Acuna, Trevor Wood, Tyler R Chesney, Fahima Dossa, Steven D Wexner, Fayez A Quereshy, Sami A Chadi, Nancy N Baxter
BACKGROUND: The traditional approach for perforated diverticulitis, the Hartmann procedure, has considerable morbidity and the challenge of stoma reversal. Alternative procedures, including primary resection and anastomosis and laparoscopic lavage, have been proposed but remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare operative strategies for perforated diverticulitis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, and the grey literature were searched from inception to October 2017...
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371548/ketorolac-use-and-anastomotic-leak-in-elective-colorectal-surgery-a-detailed-analysis
#19
Alexander T Hawkins, Matthew D McEvoy, Jonathan P Wanderer, Molly M Ford, M Benjamin Hopkins, Roberta L Muldoon, Barbara J Martin, Adam B King, Timothy M Geiger
BACKGROUND: Recent population-level analyses have linked ketorolac use to adverse outcomes. However, its use is also associated with decreased opioids and faster return of bowel function. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the association between ketorolac and anastomotic leak. We hypothesize that receiving at least 1 dose of ketorolac will not be associated with anastomotic leak in elective colorectal surgery. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, observational cohort study of a prospectively collected data base...
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346367/aspects-of-the-natural-history-of-sessile-serrated-adenomas-polyps-risk-indicators-for-carcinogenesis-in-the-colorectal-mucosa
#20
Peter M Neary, David M Schwartzberg, Turgot Bora Cengiz, Matthew F Kalady, James M Church
BACKGROUND: Sessile serrated adenomas/polyps are potentially premalignant colorectal lesions that are precursors to colorectal cancer arising via CpG island methylator phenotype. They are caused by the combination of a BRAF mutation and promoter hypermethylation. DNA methylation is an age-dependent phenomenon in the right colon, and we would expect the occurrence and severity of serrated neoplasia to reflect this. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to document the natural history of sessile serrated adenomas/polyps, including the ages at which they appear and the ranges of their number, size, and associated lesions...
December 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
journal
journal
20096
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"