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Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267016/residency-programs-in-colon-and-rectal-surgery
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267015/techniques-and-feasibility-of-the-caudal-to-cranial-approach-for-laparoscopic-right-colectomy-with-complete-mesenteric-excision
#2
Liao-Nan Zou, Xin-Quan Lu, Jin Wan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267014/robotic-complete-mesocolic-excision-and-intracorporeal-anastomosis-using-a-robotic-stapler-for-right-sided-colon-cancer-with-reduced-port-access
#3
Sung Uk Bae, Woon Kyung Jeong, Seong Kyu Baek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267013/systemic-metronidazole-may-not-reduce-posthemorrhoidectomy-pain-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Kerollos Nashat Wanis, Heather M Emmerton-Coughlin, Shaun Coughlin, Norine Foley, Christopher Vinden
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhoidectomy is associated with significant postoperative pain. Oral metronidazole has been recommended as an adjunct to improve posthemorrhoidectomy analgesia. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of oral metronidazole on patient-reported pain following hemorrhoidectomy. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a systematic search in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267012/bmi-as-a-predictor-for-perioperative-outcome-of-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-pooled-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#5
Yazhou He, Jiarong Wang, He Bian, Xiangbing Deng, Ziqiang Wang
BACKGROUND: There has been a long-lasting controversy about whether higher BMI is associated with worse perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Recently, a number of newly published investigations have made it possible to draw a quantitative conclusion. OBJECTIVE: We conducted this comprehensive meta-analysis to clarify the exact effect that BMI imposes on perioperative outcome of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases to identify all relevant studies...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267011/comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-polyethylene-glycol-with-ascorbic-acid-and-an-oral-sulfate-solution-in-a-split-method-for-bowel-preparation-a-randomized-multicenter-phase-iii-clinical-trial
#6
Bun Kim, Seong Dae Lee, Kyung Su Han, Byung Chang Kim, Eui-Gon Youk, Myung Jin Nam, Doo Han Lee, Dae Kyung Sohn
BACKGROUND: An adequate level of bowel preparation before colonoscopy is important. The ideal agent for bowel preparation should be effective and tolerable. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy and tolerability of polyethylene glycol with ascorbic acid and oral sulfate solution in a split method for bowel preparation. DESIGN: This was a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTINGS: Outpatients at the specialized clinics were included...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267010/regenerating-the-anal-sphincter-cytokines-stem-cells-or-both
#7
Li Sun, Zhuojun Xie, Mei Kuang, Marc Penn, Margot S Damaser, Massarat Zutshi
BACKGROUND: Healing of an anal sphincter defect at a time distant from injury is a challenge. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether re-establishing stem cell homing at the site of an anal sphincter defect when cytokine expression has declined using a plasmid engineered to express stromal derived factor 1 with or without mesenchymal stem cells can improve anatomic and functional outcome. DESIGN: This was a randomized animal study. SETTINGS: Thirty-two female age- and weight-matched Sprague Dawley rats underwent 50% excision of the anal sphincter complex...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267009/perspectives-from-patients-and-care-providers-on-the-management-of-fecal-incontinence-a-needs-assessment
#8
Ramzi M Helewa, Husein Moloo, Lara Williams, Kristine M Foss, Waheeda Baksh-Thomas, Isabelle Raiche
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of Canadians experience fecal incontinence, with no avenue for effective treatments. The Ottawa Hospital has recently started a percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation program for patients who have not improved with conservative efforts. OBJECTIVE: As part of this program implementation, a qualitative needs assessment was undertaken to better define successful outcomes and to identify barriers for program sustainability. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, qualitative study involving standardized, semistructured interviews...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267008/endoscopic-pilonidal-sinus-treatment-combined-with-crystalized-phenol-application-may-prevent-recurrence
#9
Ibrahim Ethem Gecim, Utku Ufuk Goktug, Haydar Celasin
BACKGROUND: No single treatment yet exists for pilonidal disease that has a short healing time, good cosmetic results, and a low rate of recurrence. Phenol crystal application and diathermy ablation through an endoscope have been used for the treatment of pilonidal disease, but this cohort is the first one to combine them. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the safety, effectiveness, and short- and long-term outcomes of crystalized phenol treatment combined with endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment for pilonidal disease...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267007/twenty-years-of-a-veterans-spinal-cord-injury-colorectal-clinic-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-and-multiple-hemorrhoid-ligation
#10
Bard C Cosman, Luis C Cajas-Monson, Sonia L Ramamoorthy
BACKGROUND: Colorectal and anal problems arise in chronic spinal cord injury care. We review 20 years of experience in a colorectal clinic at a veterans medical center treating mostly male veterans who have spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE: We aim to show the results of colorectal interventions in a population with chronic spinal cord injury. DESIGN: This study is a retrospective records review. SETTINGS: This study was conducted at a Department of Veterans Affairs regional spinal cord injury center...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267006/gracilis-muscle-interposition-for-rectourethral-fistula-after-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-a-prospective-evaluation-and-long-term-follow-up
#11
Arantxa Muñoz-Duyos, Albert Navarro-Luna, Fernando Pardo-Aranda, Josep M Caballero, Pere Borrat, Carles Maristany, José A Pando, Enrique Veloso
BACKGROUND: Postoperative rectourethral fistula after radical prostatectomy is an infrequent but very serious problem. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe our experience with transperineal repair and unilateral gracilis muscle interposition in patients with rectourethral fistula after radical prostatectomy in nonradiated prostate cancer. DESIGN: This was a cohort study. SETTINGS: All of the procedures were performed at the same hospital by the same multidisciplinary team made up of a senior colorectal surgeon and a senior urologist...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267005/mri-for-local-staging-of-colon-cancer-can-mri-become-the-optimal-staging-modality-for-patients-with-colon-cancer
#12
Elias Nerad, Doenja M J Lambregts, Erik L J Kersten, Monique Maas, Frans C H Bakers, Harrie C M van den Bosch, Heike I Grabsch, Regina G H Beets-Tan, Max J Lahaye
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is currently staged with CT. However, MRI is superior in the detection of colorectal liver metastasis, and MRI is standard in local staging of rectal cancer. Optimal (local) staging of colon cancer could become crucial in selecting patients for neoadjuvant treatment in the near future (Fluoropyrimidine Oxaliplatin and Targeted Receptor Preoperative Therapy trial). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of MRI for local staging of colon cancer...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267004/interpretative-guidelines-and-possible-indications-for-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-imaging-in-robot-assisted-sphincter-saving-operations
#13
Jin Cheon Kim, Jong Lyul Lee, Seong Ho Park
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of indocyanine green angiography more than 25 years ago, few studies have presented interpretative guidelines for indocyanine green fluorescent imaging. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to provide interpretative guidelines for indocyanine green fluorescent imaging through quantitative analysis and to suggest possible indications for indocyanine green fluorescent imaging during robot-assisted sphincter-saving operations. DESIGN: This is a retrospective observational study...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267003/prediction-of-pathological-complete-response-using-endoscopic-findings-and-outcomes-of-patients-who-underwent-watchful-waiting-after-chemoradiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer
#14
Kazushige Kawai, Soichiro Ishihara, Hiroaki Nozawa, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Teppei Morikawa, Masashi Fukayama, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Nonoperative management for patients with rectal cancer who have achieved a clinical complete response after chemoradiotherapy is becoming increasingly important in recent years. However, the definition of and modality used for patients with clinical complete response differ greatly between institutions, and the role of endoscopic assessment as a nonoperative approach has not been fully investigated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the ability of endoscopic assessments to predict pathological regression of rectal cancer after chemoradiotherapy and the applicability of these assessments for the watchful waiting approach...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267002/histological-subtype-remains-a-significant-prognostic-factor-for-survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-appendiceal-mucinous-neoplasm-with-peritoneal-dissemination
#15
Yeqian Huang, Nayef A Alzahrani, Terence C Chua, David L Morris
BACKGROUND: It has been increasingly recognized that appendiceal mucinous neoplasm with peritoneal dissemination is not a homogenous disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impact of different histological subtypes on survival of a large cohort of patients with appendiceal mucinous neoplasms uniformly treated by cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data of patients with peritoneal dissemination of appendiceal neoplasm who underwent cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267001/needs-assessment-for-treatment-of-fecal-incontinence
#16
P Ronan O'Connell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178000/residency-programs-in-colon-and-rectal-surgery
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177999/robotic-total-abdominal-hysterectomy-with-bilateral-salpingo-oophorectomy-and-low-anterior-resection-with-transvaginal-specimen-extraction-and-intracorporeal-colonic-j-pouch-construction-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177998/systematic-review-of-pelvic-exenteration-with-en-bloc-sacrectomy-for-recurrent-rectal-adenocarcinoma-r0-resection-predicts-disease-free-survival
#19
REVIEW
Amarasingam Sasikumar, Chetan Bhan, John T Jenkins, Anthony Antoniou, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: The management of recurrent rectal cancer is challenging. At the present time, pelvic exenteration with en bloc sacrectomy offers the only hope of a lasting cure. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcome measures and complication rates following sacrectomy for recurrent rectal cancer. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted on Pub Med for English language articles relevant to sacrectomy for recurrent rectal cancer with no time limitations...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177997/outcome-and-salvage-surgery-following-watch-and-wait-for-rectal-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-therapy-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Joseph C Kong, Glen R Guerra, Satish K Warrier, Robert G Ramsay, Alexander G Heriot
BACKGROUND: Currently there is no reliable test to predict pathological complete response following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer. However, there is increasing interest in using clinical complete response as a surrogate marker, allowing a subset of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer to be allocated into a "watch and wait" pathway. Little is known about the oncological safety of the "watch and wait" approach or the rate of salvage surgery in cases of tumor regrowth...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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