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Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796745/colon-and-rectal-surgery-regional-society-meetings
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796744/residency-programs-in-colon-and-rectal-surgery
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796743/the-authors-reply
#3
Kerollos Nashat Wanis, Christopher Vinden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796742/metronidazole-for-posthemorrhoidectomy-pain-does-no-statistical-significance-mean-insignificant-effect-on-pain-relief
#4
Hui-Zi Li, Yu-Sheng Cheng, Xue-Fei Liu, Xiang-Nan Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796741/the-authors-reply
#5
Jianfeng Gong, Xiaolong Ge, Ning Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796740/serum-albumin-a-promising-biomarker-to-anticipate-postoperative-complications
#6
Ismail Labgaa, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796739/hedrocele-associated-with-full-thickness-rectal-prolapse-a-very-rare-condition-treated-by-ambulatory-laparoscopic-anterior-rectopexy
#7
Jean-Luc Faucheron, Adrian Mancini, Fabian Reche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796738/measurement-bias-of-polyp-size-at-colonoscopy
#8
Shinichiro Sakata, Kerenaftali Klein, Andrew R L Stevenson, David G Hewett
BACKGROUND: The success of current and proposed strategies to reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality rates are fundamentally based on measurement accuracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the densities of colorectal polyps individually measured at colonoscopy and whether measurement bias is a systemic phenomenon among colonoscopists. DESIGN: A population-wide, observational study. SETTING: All hospitals of the government-funded health system in Brisbane, Australia...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796737/strength-of-occipital-hair-as-an-explanation-for-pilonidal-sinus-disease-caused-by-intruding-hair
#9
Dietrich Doll, Friederike D Bosche, Verena K Stauffer, Inga Sinicina, Sebastian Hoffmann, Dominic van der Zypen, Markus M Luedi
BACKGROUND: Pilonidal sinus disease is thought to be caused by intrusion of hair into healthy skin; loose hair in the intergluteal fold is thought to promote disease. However, compelling evidence to support these postulates is lacking; the cause of pilonidal sinus disease remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether particular properties of hair are associated with susceptibility to pilonidal sinus disease, we compared physical properties of hairs of patients with pilonidal sinus disease with hairs from control subjects who were matched for sex, BMI, and age...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796736/surgical-site-infection-in-colorectal-surgery-a-study-in-antibiotic-duration
#10
Mark Dornfeld, Jenna K Lovely, Marianne Huebner, David W Larson
BACKGROUND: Despite distant historical studies that demonstrated the adequacy of preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, current surgical practice continues to use antibiotics for postoperative coverage up to 24 hours. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate a change in antibiotic prophylaxis duration and its effect on surgical site infection in a high-volume modern colorectal practice. DESIGN: A case-controlled series retrospectively reviewed outcomes through a prospective validated data base...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796735/is-the-failure-of-laparoscopic-peritoneal-lavage-predictable-in-hinchey-iii-diverticulitis-management
#11
Tristan Greilsamer, Emeric Abet, Guillaume Meurette, Michel Comy, Antoine Hamy, Paul-Antoine Lehur, Aurélien Venara, Emilie Duchalais
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic peritoneal lavage is an alternative to sigmoid resection in Hinchey III diverticulitis (generalized purulent peritonitis). The main limitation of laparoscopic peritoneal lavage is the higher rate of reoperation for persistent sepsis in comparison with sigmoid resection. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to identify risk factors for laparoscopic peritoneal lavage failure in patients who have Hinchey III diverticulitis. DESIGN: This was a retrospective multicenter study...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796734/laparoscopic-versus-open-lateral-lymph-node-dissection-for-locally-advanced-low-rectal-cancer-a-subgroup-analysis-of-a-large-multicenter-cohort-study-in-japan
#12
Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Tsuyoshi Konishi, Yusuke Kinugasa, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Takashi Akiyoshi, Ryosuke Okamura, Masaaki Ito, Yoji Nishimura, Manabu Shiozawa, Shigeki Yamaguchi, Koya Hida, Yoshiharu Sakai, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Mesorectal excision with lateral lymph node dissection is the standard treatment for locally advanced low rectal cancer in Japan. However, the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic lateral lymph node dissection remain to be determined. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic versus open lateral lymph node dissection for locally advanced low rectal cancer. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study using an exact matching method...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796733/outcomes-of-immediate-internal-pudendal-artery-perforator-flap-reconstruction-for-irradiated-abdominoperineal-resection-defects
#13
Pedro S Coltro, Fábio F Busnardo, Franklin C Mônaco Filho, Marcelo V Olivan, Lincoln S Millan, Victor A Grillo, Carlos F Marques, Caio S Nahas, Sérgio C Nahas, Ulysses Ribeiro, Rolf Gemperli
BACKGROUND: There are many previous reports for using the internal pudendal artery perforator flap in vulvovaginal reconstruction; however, reports of this flap for perineal reconstruction after abdominoperineal excision of the rectum are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of immediate internal pudendal artery perforator flap reconstruction for irradiated abdominoperineal resection defects. DESIGN: This was a prospective case series...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796732/is-mri-of-the-liver-needed-during-routine-preoperative-workup-for-colorectal-cancer
#14
Sung Il Kang, Duck-Woo Kim, Jai Young Cho, Jihoon Park, Kyung Ho Lee, Il Tae Son, Heung-Kwon Oh, Sung-Bum Kang
BACKGROUND: The clinical efficacy of gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRI as a routine preoperative procedure for all patients with colorectal cancer remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of preoperative gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRI for the diagnosis of liver metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis from a prospective cohort database. SETTINGS: All of the patients were from a subspecialty practice at a tertiary referral hospital...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796731/quality-of-local-excision-for-rectal-neoplasms-using-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-versus-transanal-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-multi-institutional-matched-analysis
#15
Lawrence Lee, Kimberly Edwards, Iain A Hunter, John E Hartley, Sam B Atallah, Matthew R Albert, James Hill, John R Monson
BACKGROUND: There are no data comparing the quality of local excision of rectal neoplasms using transanal endoscopic microsurgery and transanal minimally invasive surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of tumor fragmentation and positive margins for patients undergoing local excision of benign and malignant rectal neoplasms using transanal endoscopic microsurgery versus transanal minimally invasive surgery. DESIGN: This was a multi-institutional cohort study using coarsened exact matching...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796730/squamous-cancers-of-the-rectum-demonstrate-poorer-survival-and-increased-need-for-salvage-surgery-compared-with-squamous-cancers-of-the-anus
#16
Audrey S Kulaylat, Christopher S Hollenbeak, David B Stewart
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell cancers of the anus are rare GI malignancies for which neoadjuvant chemoradiation is the first-line treatment for nonmetastatic disease. Squamous cancers of the rectum are far less common, and it is unclear to what degree chemoradiotherapy improves their outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare stage-specific survival for anal and rectal squamous cancers stratified by treatment approach. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796729/postoperative-chemoradiotherapy-after-local-resection-for-high-risk-t1-to-t2-low-rectal-cancer-results-of-a-single-arm-multi-institutional-phase-ii-clinical-trial
#17
Takeshi Sasaki, Yoshinori Ito, Masayuki Ohue, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Takaya Kobatake, Masaaki Ito, Yoshihiro Moriya, Norio Saito
BACKGROUND: After treatment with local excision for TNM stage I low rectal cancer, the risk of local recurrence is not only high for T2 lesions but also for T1 lesions with features of massive invasion to the submucosal layer and/or lymphovascular invasion. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of chemoradiotherapy combined with local excision in the treatment of T1 to T2 low rectal cancer. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective, single-arm, phase II trial...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796728/patient-hospital-and-geographic-disparities-in-laparoscopic-surgery-use-among-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-medicare-patients-with-colon-cancer
#18
Kendra L Ratnapradipa, Min Lian, Donna B Jeffe, Nicholas O Davidson, Jan M Eberth, Sandi L Pruitt, Mario Schootman
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is the primary treatment for colon cancer, but use of laparoscopic approaches varies widely despite demonstrated short- and long-term benefits. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics associated with laparoscopic colon cancer resection and to quantify variation based on patient, hospital, and geographic characteristics. DESIGN: Bayesian cross-classified, multilevel logistic models calculated adjusted ORs and CIs for patient, surgeon, hospital, and geographic characteristics and unexplained variability (predicted vs...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796727/a-novel-derivation-predicting-survival-after-primary-tumor-resection-in-stage-iv-colorectal-cancer-validation-of-a-prognostic-scoring-model-and-an-online-calculator-to-provide-individualized-survival-estimation
#19
Winson Jianhong Tan, Sreemanee Raaj Dorajoo, Madeline Yen Min Chee, Wah Siew Tan, Fung Joon Foo, Choong Leong Tang, Min Hoe Chew
BACKGROUND: A prognostic scoring model has been devised previously to predict survival following primary tumor resection in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer and unresectable metastases. This has yet to be validated. OBJECTIVE: The main objectives of this study are to validate the proposed prognostic scoring model and create an interactive online calculator to estimate an individual's survival after primary tumor resection. DESIGN: Clinical data and survival outcomes of patients were extracted from a prospectively maintained database...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796726/the-american-society-of-colon-and-rectal-surgeons-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-inherited-polyposis-syndromes
#20
Daniel Herzig, Karin Hardimann, Martin Weiser, Nancy Yu, Ian Paquette, Daniel L Feingold, Scott R Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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