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Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594732/residency-programs-in-colon-and-rectal-surgery
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594731/fecal-incontinence-reduces-quality-of-life-more-than-you-may-think
#2
Chloe McKenna, Lynne Bartlett, Yik-Hong Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594730/the-authors-reply
#3
Daniel O Herzig, Scott R Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594729/regarding-the-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-lynch-syndrome
#4
James Michael Church, Jean H Ashburn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594728/the-authors-reply
#5
Katerina O Wells, Alexander T Hawkins, Matthew L Silviera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594727/omission-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-or-inadequate-surgery
#6
Mesut Tez, Baris Yildiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594726/treatment-of-anastomotic-stricture-of-a-handsewn-coloanal-anastomosis-with-transanal-approach
#7
Rodrigo Gomes da Silva, Bernardo Hanan, Leonardo Maciel Fonseca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594725/pelvic-exenteration-surgery-the-evolution-of-radical-surgical-techniques-for-advanced-and-recurrent-pelvic-malignancy
#8
Kilian G M Brown, Michael J Solomon, Cherry E Koh
Pelvic exenteration was first described by Alexander Brunschwig in 1948 in New York as a palliative procedure for recurrent carcinoma of the cervix. Because of initially high rates of morbidity and mortality, the practice of this ultraradical operation was largely confined to a small number of American centers for most of the 20 century. The post-World War II era saw advances in anaesthesia, blood transfusion, and intensive care medicine that would facilitate the evolution of more radical and heroic abdominal and pelvic surgery...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594724/the-american-society-of-colon-and-rectal-surgeons-assessment-tool-for-performance-of-laparoscopic-colectomy
#9
Bradley J Champagne, Scott R Steele, Samantha K Hendren, Paul M Bakaki, Patricia L Roberts, Conor P Delaney, Justin T Brady, Helen M MacRae
BACKGROUND: The lack of consensus for performance assessment of laparoscopic colorectal resection is a major impediment to quality improvement. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and assess the validity of an evaluation tool for laparoscopic colectomy that is feasible for wide implementation. DESIGN: During the pilot phase, a small group of experts modified previous assessment tools by watching videos for laparoscopic right colectomy with the following categories of experience: novice (less than 20 cases), intermediate (50-100 cases), and expert (more than 500 cases)...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594723/is-there-a-role-for-oral-antibiotic-preparation-alone-before-colorectal-surgery-acs-nsqip-analysis-by-coarsened-exact-matching
#10
Richard Garfinkle, Jad Abou-Khalil, Nancy Morin, Gabriela Ghitulescu, Carol-Ann Vasilevsky, Philip Gordon, Marie Demian, Marylise Boutros
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrated reduced postoperative complications using combined mechanical bowel and oral antibiotic preparation before elective colorectal surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of these 2 interventions on surgical site infections, anastomotic leak, ileus, major morbidity, and 30-day mortality in a large cohort of elective colectomies. DESIGN: This is a retrospective comparison of 30-day outcomes using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program colectomy-targeted database with coarsened exact matching...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594722/treatment-of-complex-fistula-in-ano-with-a-nitinol-proctology-clip
#11
Andreas Nordholm-Carstensen, Peter-Martin Krarup, Kikke Hagen
BACKGROUND: The treatment of complex anocutaneous fistulas remains a major therapeutic challenge balancing the risk of incontinence against the chance of permanent closure. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a nitinol proctology clip for closure of complex anocutaneous fistulas. DESIGN: This is a single-center cohort study with retrospective analysis of all of the treated patients. SETTINGS: Data were obtained from patient records and MRI reports, as well as follow-up telephone calls and clinical follow-up with endoanal ultrasonography...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594721/analysis-of-postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-chronic-ulcerative-colitis-is-it-the-disease-or-the-operation
#12
Nicholas P McKenna, Kevin T Behm, Daniel S Ubl, Amy E Glasgow, Kellie L Mathis, John H Pemberton, Elizabeth B Habermann, Robert R Cima
BACKGROUND: Patients with IBD have a higher baseline risk of venous thromboembolism, which further increases with surgery. Therefore, extended venous thromboembolism chemoprophylaxis has been suggested in certain high-risk cohorts. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the underlying diagnosis, operative procedure, or both influence the incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594720/clinical-relevance-of-a-grading-system-for-anastomotic-leakage-after-low-anterior-resection-analysis-from-a-national-cohort-database
#13
Martine A Frouws, Heleen S Snijders, Steve H Malm, Gerrit-Jan Liefers, Cornelis J H Van de Velde, Peter A Neijenhuis, Hidde M Kroon
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is a severe complication after low anterior resection for rectal cancer. With a global increase in registration initiatives, adapting uniform definitions and grading systems is highly relevant. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide clinical parameters to categorize anastomotic leakage into subcategories according to the International Study Group of Rectal Cancer. DESIGN: All of the patients who underwent a low anterior resection in the Netherlands with primary anastomosis were included using the population-based Dutch Surgical Colorectal Audit...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594719/bowel-dysfunction-after-low-anterior-resection-with-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-or-chemotherapy-alone-for-rectal-cancer-a-cross-sectional-study-from-china
#14
Qiyuan Qin, Binjie Huang, Wuteng Cao, Jie Zhou, Tenghui Ma, Zhiyang Zhou, Jianping Wang, Lei Wang
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant therapy plays a vital role in the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer but impairs bowel function after restorative surgery. Optimal decision making requires adequate information of functional outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess postoperative bowel function and to identify predictors for severe dysfunction. DESIGN: The study included a cross-sectional cohort and retrospective assessments of pelvic anatomic features...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594718/risk-of-ovarian-involvement-in-advanced-colorectal-or-appendiceal-tumors-involving-the-peritoneum
#15
Akash M Mehta, Mark B Bignell, Sue Alves, Sanjeev P Dayal, Faheez Mohamed, Tom D Cecil, Brendan J Moran
BACKGROUND: Ovarian metastases of GI tumors grow rapidly and are relatively resistant to systemic chemotherapy. They may be unilateral or bilateral and macroscopic or occult. The risk of macroscopic ovarian involvement or occult involvement of macroscopically normal ovaries is unquantified. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to quantify the risks of ovarian involvement in patients with peritoneal malignancy undergoing cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594717/long-term-risk-of-urinary-adverse-events-in-curatively-treated-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-population-based-analysis
#16
Mary R Kwaan, Yunhua Fan, Stephanie Jarosek, Sean P Elliott
BACKGROUND: Treatment modalities for rectal cancer, including radiation, are associated with urinary adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of surgery and radiation therapy for rectal cancer on long-term urinary complications. DESIGN: Using the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare data set from the United States, patients with rectal cancer older than 66 years of age who underwent rectal resection between 1992 and 2007 were stratified into treatment groups that accounted for surgical resection and the timing of radiation therapy, if used...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594716/mesenteric-lymphadenectomy-in-well-differentiated-appendiceal-neuroendocrine-tumors
#17
Mustafa Raoof, Sinziana Dumitra, Michael P O'Leary, Gagandeep Singh, Yuman Fong, Byrne Lee
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is the primary therapy for local and locally advanced appendiceal neuroendocrine tumors. The role of mesenteric lymphadenectomy in these patients is undefined. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to define the role and prognostic significance of mesenteric lymphadenectomy. DESIGN: This was a retrospective, observational study. SETTINGS: A population-based cohort from the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry (January 1988 to November 2013) was used...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594715/long-term-outcomes-of-single-site-laparoscopic-colectomy-with-complete-mesocolic-excision-for-colon-cancer-comparison-with-conventional-multiport-laparoscopic-colectomy-using-propensity-score-matching
#18
Masaaki Miyo, Ichiro Takemasa, Hiroyuki Ishihara, Taishi Hata, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuko Ohno, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
BACKGROUND: Complete mesocolic excision has been suggested to improve oncological outcomes for patients with colon cancer. However, the long-term outcomes of single-site laparoscopic colectomy with complete mesocolic excision remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the long-term outcomes of single-site laparoscopic colectomy with complete mesocolic excision compared with conventional multiport laparoscopic colectomy for colon cancer, as well as the short-term outcomes...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594714/tailored-treatment-strategy-for-locally-advanced-rectal-carcinoma-based-on-the-tumor-response-to-induction-chemotherapy-preliminary-results-of-the-french-phase-ii-multicenter-greccar4-trial
#19
Philippe Rouanet, Eric Rullier, Bernard Lelong, Philippe Maingon, Jean-Jacques Tuech, Denis Pezet, Florence Castan, St├ęphanie Nougaret
BACKGROUND: Preoperative radiochemotherapy and total mesorectal excision are the standard-of-care for locally advanced rectal carcinoma, but some patients could be over- or undertreated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the feasibility of radiochemotherapy tailored based on the tumor response to induction chemotherapy (FOLFIRINOX) to obtain a minimum R0 resection rate of 90% in the 4 arms of the study. DESIGN: This study is a multicenter randomized trial (NCT01333709)...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594713/postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-in-ibd-it-s-all-about-the-disease
#20
Bradford Sklow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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