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Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917471/diffusion-tensor-imaging-in-non-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Yuta Aoki, Ryota Inokuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915463/the-our-hope-approach-for-ethics-and-communication-about-neonatal-neurological-injury
#2
REVIEW
Eric Racine, Emily Bell, Barbara Farlow, Steven Miller, Antoine Payot, Lisa Anne Rasmussen, Michael I Shevell, Donna Thomson, Pia Wintermark
Predicting neurological outcomes of neonates with acute brain injury is an essential component of shared decision-making, in order to guide the development of treatment goals and appropriate care plans. It can aid parents in imagining the child's future, and guide timely and ongoing treatment decisions, including shifting treatment goals and focusing on comfort care. However, numerous challenges have been reported with respect to evidence-based practices for prognostication such as biases about prognosis among clinicians...
December 4, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911014/the-effectiveness-of-an-outdoor-adventure-programme-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-controlled-study
#3
Ditza A Zachor, Shira Vardi, Shani Baron-Eitan, Inbal Brodai-Meir, Noa Ginossar, Esther Ben-Itzchak
AIM: Outdoor adventure programmes aim to improve interpersonal relationships using adventurous activities. The current study examined the effectiveness of an outdoor adventure programme in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHOD: The study included 51 participants (40 males, 11 females; age 3y 4mo-7y 4mo) enrolled in ASD special education kindergartens. Only the intervention group (n=30) participated in the outdoor adventure programme for 13 weeks, completing challenging physical activities that required cooperation and communication with peers and instructors...
December 2, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910995/a-diffusion-tensor-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-of-paediatric-patients-with-severe-non-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Erika Molteni, Maria A Rocca, Sandra Strazzer, Elisabetta Pagani, Katia Colombo, Filippo Arrigoni, Giacomo Boffa, Massimiliano Copetti, Valentina Pastore, Massimo Filippi
AIM: In this observational study using 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor, we investigated the differential effects of pathology, stage of disease, state of consciousness, and aetiology on the modifications of supra- and infra-tentorial white matter tracts and their correlations with clinical scales in paediatric patients with severe non-traumatic brain injury. METHOD: Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI) was obtained from seven children with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS; five males, two females; age at event 5y; standard deviation [SD] 2y 1mo), six children in a minimally conscious state (MCS; three males, three females; age at event 5y 10mo; SD 5y), and 10 healthy children as controls(two males, eight females; age at study 10y 10mo; SD 2y 10mo)...
December 2, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901269/ability-of-independently-ambulant-children-with-cerebral-palsy-to-ride-a-two-wheel-bicycle-a-case-control-study
#5
Rachel Toovey, Susan M Reid, Barry Rawicki, Adrienne R Harvey, Kerrianne Watt
AIM: Limited information exists on the ability of children with cerebral palsy (CP) to ride a two-wheel bicycle, an activity that may improve health and participation. We aimed to describe bicycle-riding ability and variables associated with ability to ride in children with CP (Gross Motor Functional Classification System [GMFCS] levels I-II) compared with children with typical development. METHOD: This case-control study surveyed parents of 114 children with CP and 87 children with typical development aged 6 to 15 years (115 males, mean age 9y 11mo, standard deviation [SD] 2y 10mo)...
November 30, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901263/negative-effects-of-submandibular-botulinum-neurotoxin-a-injections-on-oral-motor-function-in-children-with-drooling-due-to-central-nervous-system-disorders
#6
Karen van Hulst, Carlyn V Kouwenberg, Pieter H Jongerius, Ton Feuth, Franciscus J A van den Hoogen, Alexander C H Geurts, Corrie E Erasmus
AIM: The aims of this study were: (1) to determine the incidence and nature of adverse effects on oral motor function after first injections of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) in submandibular glands for excessive drooling in children with central nervous system disorders; and (2) to identify independent predictors of these adverse effects. METHOD: A cohort study involved 209 children (123 males, 86 females, aged 4-27y, median 8y 4mo), who received submandibular BoNT-A injections for drooling...
November 30, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900776/hospital-admissions-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-data-linkage-study
#7
Elaine Meehan, Susan M Reid, Katrina Williams, Gary L Freed, Jillian R Sewell, Suzanna Vidmar, Susan Donath, Dinah S Reddihough
AIM: The overall aim was to investigate the feasibility and utility of linking a cerebral palsy (CP) register to an administrative data set for health services research purposes. We sought to compare CP hospital admissions to general childhood population admissions, and identify factors associated with type and frequency of admissions in a CP cohort. METHOD: The CP register for Victoria, Australia was linked to the state's hospital admissions database. Data pertaining to the admissions of a CP cohort (n=1748) that took place between 2007 and 2014 were extracted...
November 30, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900773/systematic-review-of-immunoglobulin-use-in-paediatric-neurological-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Jonathan Gadian, Emma Kirk, Kate Holliday, Ming Lim, Michael Absoud
AIM: A systematic literature review of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment of paediatric neurological conditions was performed to summarize the evidence, provide recommendations, and suggest future research. METHOD: A MEDLINE search for articles reporting on IVIG treatment of paediatric neuroinflammatory, neurodevelopmental, and neurodegenerative conditions published before September 2015, excluding single case reports and those not in English. Owing to heterogeneous outcome measures, meta-analysis was not possible...
November 30, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897320/speech-and-language-interventions-for-infants-aged-0-to-2-years-at-high-risk-for-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Olena Chorna, Ellyn Hamm, Caitlin Cummings, Ashley Fetters, Nathalie L Maitre
AIM: We evaluated the level of evidence of speech, language, and communication interventions for infants at high-risk for, or with a diagnosis of, cerebral palsy (CP) from 0 to 2 years old. METHOD: We performed a systematic review of relevant terms. Articles were evaluated based on the level of methodological quality and evidence according to A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines...
November 29, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896812/completeness-and-correctness-of-cerebral-palsy-diagnoses-in-two-health-registers-implications-for-estimating-prevalence
#10
Sandra Julsen Hollung, Torstein Vik, Robert Wiik, Inger Johanne Bakken, Guro L Andersen
AIM: To assess completeness and correctness of cerebral palsy (CP) diagnoses in the Cerebral Palsy Register of Norway (CPRN) and the Norwegian Patient Register (NPR), and to estimate CP prevalence. METHOD: Among 747 883 Norwegian residents born from 1996 to 2007, 2231 had a diagnosis of CP in the NPR while 1441 were registered in the CPRN. Children registered in the CPRN were considered to have a valid CP diagnosis. For those with a diagnosis of CP only in the NPR, two paediatricians reviewed the hospital records...
November 29, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896811/measuring-changes-of-manual-ability-with-abilhand-kids-following-intensive-training-for-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#11
Yannick Bleyenheuft, Andrew M Gordon, Eugène Rameckers, Jean-Louis Thonnard, Carlyne Arnould
AIM: ABILHAND-Kids is a parent-reported questionnaire measuring manual ability in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Its psychometric properties have been established, with the exception of responsiveness, which is examined here. METHOD: In this cohort study, 98 children (46 males, 52 females; range 6-19y, mean 11y, standard deviation [SD] 3.3y) with unilateral CP underwent three assessments of upper extremity function: at baseline (T1); after 80 to 90 hours of intensive training (T2); and at follow-up (T3)...
November 29, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888507/understanding-leisure-preferences-of-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Jodie Copley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882544/prospective-evaluation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-3rd-edition-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#13
Pratibha K Agarwal, Luming Shi, Lourdes M Daniel, Phey Hong Yang, Poh Choo Khoo, Bin Huey Quek, Qishi Zheng, Victor S Rajadurai
AIM: To evaluate the predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) in infants born preterm and very-low-birthweight (PT/VLBW; ≤1250g). METHOD: We evaluated 141 PT/VLBW infants (68 males, 73 females) born at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital between January 2010 and December 2011, to determine predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement between the ASQ-3 at 9, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age and Bayley-III at 24 months...
November 24, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873310/neonatal-critical-illness-and-development-white-matter-and-hippocampus-alterations-in-school-age-neonatal-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-survivors
#14
Raisa M Schiller, Gerbrich E van den Bosch, Ryan L Muetzel, Marion Smits, Jeroen Dudink, Dick Tibboel, Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Tonya White
AIM: To examine the neurobiology of long-term neuropsychological deficits after neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). METHOD: This cross-sectional study assessed white matter integrity and hippocampal volume of ECMO survivors (8-15y) and healthy children (8-17y) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) respectively. Neuropsychological outcome was evaluated in ECMO survivors. Included clinical predictors of white matter integrity: age start ECMO, ECMO duration, highest oxygenation index before ECMO, highest mean airway pressure, and mechanical ventilation duration...
November 21, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864822/caregiver-directed-home-based-intensive-bimanual-training-in-young-children-with-unilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-trial
#15
Claudio L Ferre, Marina Brandão, Bhavini Surana, Ashley P Dew, Noelle G Moreau, Andrew M Gordon
AIM: To examine the efficacy of caregiver-directed, home-based intensive bimanual training in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) using a randomized control trial. METHOD: Twenty-four children (ages 2y 6mo-10y 1mo; 10 males, 14 females) performed home-based activities directed by a caregiver for 2 hours per day, 5 days per week, for 9 weeks (total=90h). Cohorts of children were age-matched into groups and randomized to receive home-based hand-arm bimanual intensive therapy (H-HABIT; n=12) or lower-limb functional intensive training (LIFT-control; n=12)...
November 19, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861780/towards-a-better-understanding-of-fatigue-experienced-by-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Prue Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861779/change-in-pain-status-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Rhandi Christensen, Alexander Macintosh, Lauren Switzer, Darcy Fehlings
AIM: To identify factors associated with a change in pain over time in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: Pain was assessed at two time-points by physicians and caregiver-rated Health Utilities Index 3 (HUI3) pain scores. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-eight children out of 179 approached from outpatient clinics (83% response; 104 males, 44 females mean age 8y 8mo, range 3y-16y) across all Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels were included...
November 15, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861776/fatigue-and-its-relationship-with-physical-activity-age-and-body-composition-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Patrick G McPhee, Laura K Brunton, Brian W Timmons, Todd Bentley, Jan Willem Gorter
AIM: The objectives of this exploratory study were (1) to describe the experience of fatigue in adults with cerebral palsy (CP) inclusive of all levels of the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS); and (2) to determine if physical activity level, sedentary time, age, or body composition can predict fatigue in adults with CP. METHOD: An observational study was conducted in an outpatient setting in Ontario, Canada. Participants included adults with CP (n=41; GMFCS levels I-V; mean age 33...
November 14, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859026/sleep-disorders-in-cerebral-palsy
#19
Paul Gringras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861785/are-core-data-sets-the-answer-for-outcome-measures
#20
Donna Oeffinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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