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Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243805/interactive-media-as-a-tool-for-reducing-waiting-anxiety-at-paediatric-rehabilitation-hospitals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Elaine Biddiss, Tara Joy Knibbe, Darcy Fehlings, Patricia Mckeever, Ashley Cohen, Amy Mcpherson
AIM: To investigate the efficacy of waiting room media for reducing anxiety and increasing satisfaction at a paediatric rehabilitation hospital. METHOD: In this clustered, parallel, randomized controlled trial, 310 young people with disabilities (age range 5-19y) and their parents attending outpatient clinics were assigned to interactive media (n=113), a silent nature video (n=97), or media-free comparison (n=100) groups. Young person and parent anxiety was reported using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) on arrival and after 10 minutes in the waiting space...
December 15, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238964/reading-comprehension-difficulties-in-children-with-rolandic-epilepsy
#2
Nicola K Currie, Adina R Lew, Tom M Palmer, Helen Basu, Christian De Goede, Anand Iyer, Kate Cain
AIM: Difficulties in reading comprehension can arise from either word reading or listening comprehension difficulties, or a combination of the two. We sought to determine whether children with rolandic epilepsy had poor reading comprehension relative to typically developing comparison children, and whether such difficulties were associated with word reading and/or general language comprehension difficulties. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, children with rolandic epilepsy (n=25; 16 males, 9 females; mean age 9y 1mo, SD 1y 7mo) and a comparison group (n=39; 25 males, 14 females; mean age 9y 1mo, SD 1y 3mo) completed assessments of reading comprehension, listening comprehension, word/non-word reading, speech articulation, and Non-verbal IQ...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238959/cognition-in-childhood-dystonia-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Maraike A Coenen, Hendriekje Eggink, Marina A Tijssen, Jacoba M Spikman
AIM: Cognitive impairments have been established as part of the non-motor phenomenology of adult dystonia. In childhood dystonia, the extent of cognitive impairments is less clear. This systematic review aims to present an overview of the existing literature to elucidate the cognitive profile of primary and secondary childhood dystonia. METHOD: Studies focusing on cognition in childhood dystonia were searched in MEDLINE and PsychInfo up to October 2017. We included studies on idiopathic and genetic forms of dystonia as well as dystonia secondary to cerebral palsy and inborn errors of metabolism...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238957/sleep-oxygen-saturation-and-seizures-in-dravet-syndrome
#4
Sameer M Zuberi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238952/executive-functions-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-2-year-follow-up-study
#5
Marialivia Bernardi, Hayley C Leonard, Elisabeth L Hill, Nicola Botting, Lucy A Henry
AIM: Executive function impairments have been identified in children with poor motor skills, with and without a diagnosis of developmental coordination disorder (DCD). However, most studies are cross-sectional. This study investigates the development of executive function in children with poor motor skills over 2 years. METHOD: Children aged 7 to 11 years (n=51) were assessed twice, 2 years apart, on verbal and nonverbal measures of executive functions: executive-loaded working memory (ELWM); fluency; response inhibition; planning; and cognitive flexibility...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230802/measurement-properties-of-instruments-that-assess-participation-in-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Francesca Lami, Kristine Egberts, Alexandra Ure, Rowena Conroy, Katrina Williams
AIM: To systematically review the measurement properties of instruments assessing participation in young people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: A search was performed in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PubMed combining three constructs ('ASD', 'test of participation', 'measurement properties'). Results were restricted to articles including people aged 6 to 29 years. The 2539 identified articles were independently screened by two reviewers. For the included articles, data were extracted using standard forms and their risk of bias was assessed...
December 12, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226310/long-term-behavioural-outcomes-after-paediatric-convulsive-status-epilepticus-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Marina M Martinos, Suresh Pujar, Christopher Gillberg, Mario Cortina-Borja, Brian G R Neville, Michelle De Haan, Rod C Scott, Richard F M Chin
AIM: To describe behavioural and psychiatric outcomes of children within 10 years of convulsive status epilepticus (CSE). METHOD: Children originally identified by the population-based North London Convulsive Status Epilepticus in Childhood Surveillance Study were followed-up between July 2009 and February 2013. They were grouped into epilepsy- and non-epilepsy-related CSE, and compared with population norms and healthy controls using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire; and the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham questionnaire...
December 10, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219173/parenting-stress-anxiety-and-depression-in-mothers-with-visually-impaired-infants-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-cohort-analysis
#8
Elena Sakkalou, Hanna Sakki, Michelle A O'reilly, Alison T Salt, Naomi J Dale
AIM: This study examined cross-sectional and longitudinal patterns of parenting stress, adult anxiety, and depression in mothers of children with profound or severe visual impairment (PVI or SVI) at 1 year and 2 years of age. METHOD: Mothers of a national longitudinal cohort (OPTIMUM Project) of infants with congenital disorders of the peripheral visual system and PVI (light perception at best) or SVI (basic 'form' vision of non-light reflecting objects) participated...
December 8, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194585/complex-interactions-between-hypoxia-ischemia-and-inflammation-in-preterm-brain-injury
#9
REVIEW
Robert Galinsky, Christopher A Lear, Justin M Dean, Guido Wassink, Simerdeep K Dhillon, Mhoyra Fraser, Joanne O Davidson, Laura Bennet, Alistair J Gunn
Children surviving preterm birth have a high risk of disability, particularly cognitive and learning problems. There is extensive clinical and experimental evidence that disability is now primarily related to dysmaturation of white and gray matter, defined by failure of oligodendrocyte maturation and neuronal dendritic arborization, rather than cell death alone. The etiology of this dysmaturation is multifactorial, with contributions from hypoxia-ischemia, infection/inflammation and barotrauma. Intriguingly, these factors can interact to both increase and decrease damage...
December 1, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194582/is-there-predictive-value-in-early-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-brain-in-infants-born-preterm
#10
Sophie Arulkumaran, Tomoki Arichi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194578/long-term-effects-of-corpus-callosotomy-for-therapy-resistant-epileptic-seizures
#11
Bertil Rydenhag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193032/diagnostic-accuracy-of-early-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-determine-motor-outcomes-in-infants-born-preterm-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Joanne M George, Kerstin Pannek, Stephen E Rose, Robert S Ware, Paul B Colditz, Roslyn N Boyd
AIM: To examine the diagnostic ability of early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; <36wks postmenstrual age) to detect later adverse motor outcomes or cerebral palsy (CP) in infants born preterm. METHOD: Studies of infants born preterm with MRI earlier than 36 weeks postmenstrual age and quantitative motor data or a diagnosis of CP at or beyond 1 year corrected age were identified. Study details were extracted and meta-analyses performed where possible. Quality of included studies was evaluated with the QUADAS-2 (a revised tool for the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies)...
November 29, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178266/neurocognitive-outcome-in-young-adults-born-late-preterm
#13
Kati Heinonen, Jari Lahti, Sara Sammallahti, Dieter Wolke, Aulikki Lano, Sture Andersson, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Johan G Eriksson, Eero Kajantie, Katri Raikkonen
AIM: This study examined whether late-preterm birth (34+0 to 36+6wks+d gestational age) was associated with neurocognitive deficit in young adulthood, and whether small for gestational age (SGA) birth amplified any adversity. METHOD: Participants derived from the prospective regional cohort study, the Arvo Ylppö Longitudinal Study (n=786; 398 females, 388 males) (mean age 25y 4mo, SD 8mo), born 1985 to 1986 late-preterm (n=119; 21 SGA, <-2 SD) and at term (37+0 to 41+6wks+d; n=667; 28 SGA) underwent tests of intelligence, executive functioning, attention, and memory, and reported their education...
November 27, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178160/results-of-multilevel-surgery-in-diplegic-cerebral-palsy-at-skeletal-maturity-new-evidence
#14
Tim Theologis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178144/outcome-measures-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-sensitivity-to-change-clinical-meaningfulness-and-implications-for-clinical-trials
#15
Joana Domingos, Francesco Muntoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171016/long-term-development-of-gait-after-multilevel-surgery-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-multicentre-cohort-study
#16
Thomas Dreher, Pam Thomason, Martin Švehlík, Leonhard Döderlein, Sebastian I Wolf, Cornelia Putz, Oliver Uehlein, Kohleth Chia, Gerhardt Steinwender, Morgan Sangeux, H K Graham
AIM: We investigated the long-term efficacy and safety of multilevel surgery (MLS) in ambulatory children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: Two hundred and thirty-one children were evaluated at short term (1.1y, SD 0.4) and long term (9.1y, SD 3.0) follow-up using clinical examination and gait analysis. MLS was investigated by studying changes in the Gait Profile Score (GPS) referenced to the minimally important clinical difference. RESULTS: Ambulatory children aged 10 years and 7 months (SD 2y 11mo) at MLS in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I (19), II (144), and III (68) showed a decrease (improvement) in preoperative GPS from 16...
November 24, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171008/patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-young-people-with-developmental-disabilities-incorporation-of-design-features-to-reduce-cognitive-demands
#17
REVIEW
Ariel E Schwartz, Jessica M Kramer, Angela L Longo
Use of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) may increase the involvement of young people with developmental disabilities in their healthcare decisions and healthcare-related research. Young people with developmental disabilities may have difficulty completing PROMs because of extraneous assessment demands that require additional cognitive processes. However, PROM design features may mitigate the impact of these demands. We identified and evaluated six pediatric PROMs of self-care and domestic life tasks for the incorporation of suggested design features that can reduce cognitive demands...
November 24, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168169/response-to-clobazam-in-continuous-spike-wave-during-sleep
#18
Clemente Vega, Ivan Sánchez Fernández, Jurriaan Peters, Maria S Thome-Souza, Michele Jackson, Masanori Takeoka, Greta N Wilkening, Phillip L Pearl, Kevin Chapman, Tobias Loddenkemper
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of clobazam treatment in reducing epileptiform discharges and modifying neuropsychological function in continuous spike-wave during slow wave sleep. METHOD: We performed a prospective clinical trial in patients with continuous spike-wave during sleep aged 4 to 10 years. Patients underwent neuropsychological assessment and overnight electroencephalographic monitoring before treatment, and subsequent repeat assessment and overnight electroencephalographic monitoring 3 months after treatment...
November 23, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148568/intrathecal-baclofen-in-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-effects-on-function-and-activity
#19
Meta N Eek, Kristina Olsson, Karin Lindh, Berit Askljung, Magnus Påhlman, Olle Corneliusson, Kate Himmelmann
AIM: To investigate the effect of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) on function and activity in dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A retrospective cohort study of records from 25 children (15 males, 10 females; mean age 10y 11mo, SD 4y 9mo). Five were classified in Gross Motor Function Classification level IV and 20 in level V. Parents were interviewed about activities in daily life, sitting, communication, pain, sleep, and gross and fine motor function. Differences before and 1 year after ITB were graded as positive, no change, or negative...
November 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143316/psychometric-properties-of-parent-and-child-reported-sleep-assessment-tools-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Manuel Bautista, Koa Whittingham, Priya Edwards, Roslyn N Boyd
AIM: To determine whether any parent and child report sleep measure tools have been validated in children aged 0-18 years with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A systematic search of five databases was performed up to June 2017. Studies were included if a sleep measure tool was used to evaluate sleep in children 0-18 years with CP based on international classifications of sleep. Sleep measures were assessed for psychometric data in children with CP. RESULTS: Only one paper which used the Schlaffragebogen für Kinder mit Neurologischen und Anderen Komplexen Erkrankungen (SNAKE) questionnaire met the study criteria...
November 16, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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