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Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815654/early-predictors-of-psychosocial-functioning-5-years-after-paediatric-stroke
#1
Mardee Greenham, Vicki Anderson, Anna Cooper, Stephen Hearps, Michael Ditchfield, Lee Coleman, Rod W Hunt, Mark T Mackay, Paul Monagle, Anne L Gordon
AIM: Little is known about psychological and social outcomes after paediatric stroke. This study aimed to evaluate psychosocial outcomes in children 5 years after paediatric stroke and explore the contribution of early presenting factors. METHOD: Thirty-one children (19 males and 12 females) with arterial ischemic stroke were involved in this prospective, longitudinal study. Children underwent intellectual assessment at 12 months poststroke and parents completed questionnaires rating their own mental health and their child's functioning at 12 months and 5 years poststroke...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815625/association-of-transcallosal-motor-fibres-with-function-of-both-hands-after-unilateral-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#2
Samuel Groeschel, Lucie Hertz-Pannier, Matthieu Delion, Sébastien Loustau, Béatrice Husson, Manoelle Kossorotoff, Cyrille Renaud, Sylvie Nguyen The Tich, Stéphane Chabrier, Mickael Dinomais
AIM: The objective of this study was to investigate the involvement of the motor fibres of the corpus callosum after unilateral neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) of the middle cerebral artery territory and the relationship to both ipsilesional and contralesional hand function. METHOD: Using high-resolution structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional MRI, and magnetic resonance diffusion-tractography, we compared the midsagittal area of the motor part of the corpus callosum (defined by the fibres connecting the precentral gyri) between 33 7-year-old children after unilateral NAIS and 31 typically developing 7-year-old children...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815583/educational-and-rehabilitation-service-utilization-in-adolescents-born-preterm-or-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-and-at-high-risk-for-disability
#3
Annette Majnemer, Noemi Dahan-Oliel, Charles Rohlicek, Sean Hatzigeorgiou, Barbara Mazer, Desiree B Maltais, Norbert Schmitz
AIM: This historical cohort study describes the use of educational and rehabilitation services in adolescents born preterm or with a congenital heart defect (CHD). METHOD: Parents of 76 young people (mean age 15y 8mo [SD 1y 8mo]) with CHD and 125 born ≤29 weeks gestational age (mean age 16y [SD 2y 5mo]) completed a demographics questionnaire including educational and rehabilitation resource utilization within the previous 6 months. Rehabilitation services included occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech language pathology, psychology...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815575/validation-of-the-scale-for-assessment-and-rating-of-ataxia-testing-a-test-and-failing-it
#4
David L Streiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815574/age-related-reference-values-for-the-pediatric-scale-for-assessment-and-rating-of-ataxia-a-multicentre-study
#5
Tjitske F Lawerman, Rick Brandsma, Huibert Burger, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Deborah A Sival
AIM: For reliable assessment of ataxia severity in children, the Childhood Ataxia and Cerebellar Group of the European Pediatric Neurology Society aimed to validate the Scale for Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) according to age. METHOD: Twenty-two pediatric ataxia experts from 15 international institutions scored videotaped SARA performances in 156 typically developing children (4-16y: m/f=1; 12 children per year of age; including nine different nationalities)...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815571/functional-electrical-stimulation-of-the-ankle-dorsiflexors-during-walking-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Irene Moll, Johannes S H Vles, Dan L H M Soudant, Adhiambo M A Witlox, Heleen M Staal, Lucianne A W M Speth, Yvonne J M Janssen-Potten, Marcel Coenen, Suzanne M Koudijs, R Jeroen Vermeulen
AIM: To assess the effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of ankle dorsiflexors in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) during walking. METHOD: A systematic review was performed using the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine methodology and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Six databases were searched for studies applying interventions to patients aged younger than 20 years...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786493/long-term-outcomes-after-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-a-retrospective-matched-cohort-study
#7
Meghan E Munger, Nanette Aldahondo, Linda E Krach, Tom F Novacheck, Michael H Schwartz
AIM: To examine long-term outcomes of selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) 10 to 17 years after surgery. METHOD: Participants who underwent SDR had spastic diplegic cerebral palsy (CP), completed baseline gait analysis, and were 16 to 25 years old at follow-up. Non-SDR participants (i.e. controls) were matched on important clinical parameters at baseline but did not undergo SDR. All study participants completed six surveys assessing pain, quality of life, participation, function, and mobility...
August 8, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786492/cerebellar-lesions-are-associated-with-tsc2-mutations-in-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-a-retrospective-record-review-study
#8
Susana Boronat, Elizabeth Anne Thiele, Paul Caruso
AIM: Cerebellar lesions are present in approximately 30% of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex. Although several prior studies have characterized these lesions, our study provides the first description of the specific distribution of these lesions within the cerebellum and the first genotype-phenotype correlation yet to be published. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed magnetic resonance images from 220 paediatric and adult patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (95 males, 125 females; mean age 22...
August 8, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786484/a-population-based-study-of-communicative-participation-in-preschool-children-with-speech-language-impairments
#9
Barbara Jane Cunningham, Steven E Hanna, Bruce Oddson, Nancy Thomas-Stonell, Peter Rosenbaum
AIM: To develop statistical models of communicative participation development of preschool children and explore variations by level of function. METHOD: This was a secondary analysis of data from a longitudinal study of preschool children with speech and language impairments (n=46 872; age range 18-67mo, mean age [SD] 41.76mo [11.92]; 67% male) accessing publicly funded services in Ontario, Canada. Two measures were used: Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (FOCUS), measuring changes in communicative participation skills, and the Communication Function Classification System (CFCS), classifying communicative function into one of five levels...
August 8, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786482/repair-of-neonatal-brain-injury-bringing-stem-cell-based-therapy-into-clinical-practice
#10
REVIEW
Nienke Wagenaar, Cora H Nijboer, Frank van Bel
Hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury is one of most important causes of neonatal mortality and long-term neurological morbidity in infants born at term. At present, only hypothermia in infants with perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy has shown benefit as a neuroprotective strategy. Otherwise, current treatment options for neonatal brain injury mainly focus on controlling (associated) symptoms. Regeneration of the injured neonatal brain with stem cell-based therapies is emerging and experimental results are promising...
August 8, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786476/identification-and-measurement-of-dystonia-in-cerebral-palsy
#11
James Rice, Pawel Skuza, Felicity Baker, Remo Russo, Darcy Fehlings
AIM: To establish the prevalence and severity of dystonia in a population of children with cerebral palsy (CP) with hypertonia assessment and measurement tools. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 151 children (84 males, 67 females) with CP who were assessed with the Hypertonia Assessment Tool (HAT) and Barry-Albright Dystonia scale (BAD) for identification and measurement of severity of dystonia. HAT dystonia items were assessed for construct and convergent validity...
August 8, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786475/comparing-emergency-department-presentations-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy-with-general-childhood-presentations-a-data-linkage-study
#12
Elaine Meehan, Katrina Williams, Susan M Reid, Gary L Freed, Franz E Babl, Jillian R Sewell, Suzanna Vidmar, Susan Donath, Dinah S Reddihough
AIM: The aims of this study were to estimate the proportion of emergency department presentations attributable to children with cerebral palsy (CP), investigate the frequency of emergency department presentations in a CP cohort, and compare emergency department presentations among children with CP with those of other children. METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study. The Victorian Cerebral Palsy Register was linked to the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset...
August 8, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762473/late-diagnosis-and-atypical-brain-imaging-of-aicardi-gouti%C3%A3-res-syndrome-are-we-failing-to-diagnose-aicardi-gouti%C3%A3-res-syndrome-2
#13
Leah Svingen, Mitchell Goheen, Rena Godfrey, Colleen Wahl, Eva H Baker, William A Gahl, May Christine V Malicdan, Camilo Toro
Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) is a rare disorder with in utero or postnatal onset of encephalopathy and progressive neurological deterioration. The seven genetic subtypes of AGS are associated with abnormal type I interferon-mediated innate immune response. Most patients with AGS present with progressive microcephaly, spasticity, and cognitive impairment. Some, especially those with type 2 (AGS2), manifest milder phenotypes, reduced childhood mortality, and relative preservation of physical and cognitive abilities...
August 1, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749087/coaction-of-individual-and-environmental-factors-a-review-of-intensive-therapy-paradigms-for-children-with-unilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#14
REVIEW
Claudio L Ferre, Andrew M Gordon
Evidence-based treatment approaches for children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy are expanding and being modified to fit the constraints of families and the child receiving treatment. In this review, we first provide an overview of a theoretical framework that considers the intricate interactions between the individual child and the environment in which treatment is provided. Next, we describe intensive interventions that have strong support for their efficacy. We also highlight the heterogeneity with which children respond to these approaches...
July 27, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749084/growth-charts-for-cerebral-palsy-still-imperfect-but-gaining-in-value
#15
Steven M Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749032/hip-internal-rotation-in-cerebral-palsy-does-femoral-derotation-osteotomy-influence-abductor-insufficiency
#16
Bruno Dohin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737246/prematurity-white-matter-and-cognition-support-for-leukocentrism
#17
Christopher M Filley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737235/does-sensitivity-to-arousal-improve-the-prognostic-value-of-somatosensory-evoked-potentials-in-newborn-infants
#18
Bernard Dachy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737216/does-developmental-regression-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-have-biological-origins
#19
Jeremy R Parr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675542/white-matter-maturation-in-the-neonatal-brain-is-predictive-of-school-age-cognitive-capacities-in-children-born-very-preterm
#20
Kristin Keunen, Manon J Benders, Alexander Leemans, Petronella C Fieret-Van Stam, Lianne H Scholtens, Max A Viergever, René S Kahn, Floris Groenendaal, Linda S de Vries, Martijn P van den Heuvel
AIM: To investigate the association between white matter organization in the neonatal brain and cognitive capacities at early school age in children born very preterm. METHOD: Thirty children born very preterm (gestational age median 27.5wks, interquartile range [IQR] 25.5-29.5; 18 males, 12 females) were included in this retrospective observational cohort study. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) had been performed on a 3T system in the neonatal period (median 41...
July 4, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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