journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Opinion in Neurology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002136/symptomatic-carotid-stenosis-is-stenting-as-safe-and-effective-as-carotid-endarterectomy
#1
David Calvet, Jean-Louis Mas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Reviewing current evidence on carotid artery stenting (CAS) compared with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in the prevention of ipsilateral stroke in patients with a symptomatic carotid stenosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Randomized clinical trials and registries have consistently shown that CAS is associated with a higher risk of procedural stroke or death and a lower risk of procedural myocardial infarction and local complications compared with CEA. Both procedures are equally effective to prevent late recurrent ipsilateral stroke and are associated with similar low risk of restenosis...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002135/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#2
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002134/neuroplasticity-and-amblyopia-vision-at-the-balance-point
#3
Vijay K Tailor, D Samuel Schwarzkopf, Annegret H Dahlmann-Noor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New insights into triggers and brakes of plasticity in the visual system are being translated into new treatment approaches which may improve outcomes not only in children, but also in adults. RECENT FINDINGS: Visual experience-driven plasticity is greatest in early childhood, triggered by maturation of inhibitory interneurons which facilitate strengthening of synchronous synaptic connections, and inactivation of others. Normal binocular development leads to progressive refinement of monocular visual acuity, stereoacuity and fusion of images from both eyes...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002123/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#4
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002122/neuroplasticity-and-amblyopia-vision-at-the-balance-point
#5
Vijay K Tailor, D Samuel Schwarzkopf, Annegret H Dahlmann-Noor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New insights into triggers and brakes of plasticity in the visual system are being translated into new treatment approaches which may improve outcomes not only in children, but also in adults. RECENT FINDINGS: Visual experience-driven plasticity is greatest in early childhood, triggered by maturation of inhibitory interneurons which facilitate strengthening of synchronous synaptic connections, and inactivation of others. Normal binocular development leads to progressive refinement of monocular visual acuity, stereoacuity and fusion of images from both eyes...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002121/symptomatic-carotid-stenosis-is-stenting-as-safe-and-effective-as-carotid-endarterectomy
#6
David Calvet, Jean-Louis Mas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Reviewing current evidence on carotid artery stenting (CAS) compared with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in the prevention of ipsilateral stroke in patients with a symptomatic carotid stenosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Randomized clinical trials and registries have consistently shown that CAS is associated with a higher risk of procedural stroke or death and a lower risk of procedural myocardial infarction and local complications compared with CEA. Both procedures are equally effective to prevent late recurrent ipsilateral stroke and are associated with similar low risk of restenosis...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002120/editorial-introductions
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984304/artificial-vision-principles-and-prospects
#8
Michael J Gilhooley, James Acheson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to give an overview of the strategies and technologies currently under development to return vision to blind patients and will answer the question: What options exist for artificial vision in patients blind from retinal disease; how close are these to clinical practice? RECENT FINDINGS: Retinal approaches will be the focus of this review as they are most advanced in terms not only of development, but entry into the imagination of the general public; they are technologies patients ask about, but may be less familiar to practicing neurologists...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984303/the-complexity-of-atrial-fibrillation-newly-diagnosed-after-ischemic-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack-advances-and-uncertainties
#9
Joshua O Cerasuolo, Lauren E Cipriano, Luciano A Sposato
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atrial fibrillation is being increasingly diagnosed after ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). Patient characteristics, frequency and duration of paroxysms, and the risk of recurrent ischemic stroke associated with atrial fibrillation detected after stroke and TIA (AFDAS) may differ from atrial fibrillation already known before stroke occurrence. We aim to summarize major recent advances in the field, in the context of prior evidence, and to identify areas of uncertainty to be addressed in future research...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941524/neuroprotection-and-visual-function-after-optic-neuritis
#10
Axel Petzold
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses the advantages and pitfalls of testing neuroprotective treatment strategies in patients suffering from optic neuritis. RECENT FINDINGS: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography now permits for automated segmentation of individual retinal layers. The peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL) has been used in 13 of the 15 trials reviewed. Twelve trials also made use of electrophysiology. Overestimation of good visual recovery in the past has recently been recognized...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941523/3-d-spatial-memory-and-navigation-functions-and-disorders
#11
Thomas Brandt, Andreas Zwergal, Stefan Glasauer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to report on the specialized neuronal systems mediating spatial orientation and navigation discovered in animal experiments. These findings have important implications for the clinical management of patients with vestibular disorders or dementia and for translational research in these fields. RECENT FINDINGS: The following anatomically and functionally separate, but nevertheless cooperative cell types have been characterized: angular head velocity cells and head direction cells, which depend on vestibular input and interact with place cells and grid cells, which represent position and distance...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941522/nystagmus-and-central-vestibular-disorders
#12
Jeong-Yoon Choi, Ji-Soo Kim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will cover the recent advances in clinical and laboratory features, pathophysiology, and treatment of central vestibular disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Several features and mechanisms of central nystagmus have been identified over the years. Application of head impulse tests and vestibular evoked myogenic potentials has expanded our understanding of altered processing of canal-driven and otolith-driven vestibular signals in lesions involving the central vestibular structures...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906756/optic-neuritis-the-eye-as-a-window-to-the-brain
#13
Thomas M Jenkins, Ahmed T Toosy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute optic neuritis is a common clinical problem, requiring a structured assessment to guide management and prevent visual loss. The optic nerve is the most accessible part of the central nervous system, so optic neuritis also represents an important paradigm to help decipher mechanisms of damage and recovery in the central nervous system. Important developments include the advent of optical coherence tomography as a biomarker of central nervous system axonal loss, the discovery of new pathological antibodies, notably against aquaporin-4 and, more recently, myelin oligodendrocyte protein, and emerging evidence for sodium channel blockade as a novel therapeutic approach to address energy failure in neuroinflammatory disease...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906755/optimal-blood-pressure-target-in-stroke-prevention
#14
Alexandra Yannoutsos, Céline Dreyfuss Tubiana, Michel E Safar, Jacques Blacher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A generalized single blood pressure (BP) goal may appear not suitable to achieve an optimal stroke prevention at the individual level. The aim of the present review is to consider the clinical relevance of individualized BP goal according to patient's age, comorbidities and established cerebrovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Observational and interventional data support heterogeneity in target organ prevention in that lower BP values than recommended by hypertension guidelines are associated with further stroke risk reduction...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906754/management-of-acute-stroke-in-patients-on-oral-anticoagulants
#15
Jan C Purrucker, Thorsten Steiner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: An increasing number of patients are receiving oral anticoagulants. Since non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were approved, primary prevention of ischemic stroke has become simpler. However, managing ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage while on oral anticoagulation (OAC) has become more complex. This review covers the latest developments in managing ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in patients receiving vitamin K antagonists (VKA) and NOACs...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898583/genetic-control-of-postnatal-human-brain-growth
#16
Laura I van Dyck, Eric M Morrow
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Studies investigating postnatal brain growth disorders inform the biology underlying the development of human brain circuitry. This research is becoming increasingly important for the diagnosis and treatment of childhood neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism and related disorders. Here, we review recent research on typical and abnormal postnatal brain growth and examine potential biological mechanisms. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinically, brain growth disorders are heralded by diverging head size for a given age and sex, but are more precisely characterized by brain imaging, post-mortem analysis, and animal model studies...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898582/antithrombotic-therapy-in-patients-with-cerebral-microbleeds
#17
Duncan Wilson, David J Werring
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are a radiological marker of cerebral small vessel disease corresponding to small haemosiderin foci identified by blood-sensitive MRI. CMBs are common in older community populations, and in individuals with ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA), and intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). We summarize how CMBs might contribute to assessing the future risk of ischaemic stroke and ICH to inform antithrombotic (antiplatelet or anticoagulant) decisions...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875340/which-patients-with-asymptomatic-carotid-stenosis-benefit-from-revascularization
#18
A Ross Naylor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize why there are polarized opinions regarding the management of patients with asymptomatic carotid disease and whether it is possible to identify patients who might benefit from carotid interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy Versus Stenting Trial and Asymptomatic Carotid Trial 1 (ACT-1) recently concluded that outcomes after carotid endarterectomy and carotid stenting were not significantly different in asymptomatic patients and that procedural risks were below the accepted 3% threshold...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845945/early-rehabilitation-after-stroke
#19
Julie Bernhardt, Erin Godecke, Liam Johnson, Peter Langhorne
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Early rehabilitation is recommended in many guidelines, with limited evidence to guide practice. Brain neurobiology suggests that early training, at the right dose, will aid recovery. In this review, we highlight recent trials of early mobilization, aphasia, dysphagia and upper limb treatment in which intervention is commenced within 7 days of stroke and discuss future research directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Trials in this early time window are few...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845944/the-vestibular-system-and-cognition
#20
Paul F Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The last year has seen a great deal of new information published relating vestibular dysfunction to cognitive impairment in humans, especially in the elderly. The objective of this review is to summarize and critically evaluate this new evidence in the context of the previous literature. RECENT FINDINGS: This review will address the recent epidemiological/survey studies that link vestibular dysfunction with cognitive impairment in the elderly; recent clinical investigations into cognitive impairment in the context of vestibular dysfunction, both in the elderly and in the cases of otic capsule dehiscence and partial bilateral vestibulopathy; recent evidence that vestibular impairment is associated with hippocampal atrophy; and finally recent evidence relating to the hypothesis that vestibular dysfunction could be a risk factor for dementia...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
journal
journal
20092
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"