journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332271/response-to-miskovic-re-no-benefit-of-extended-mesenteric-resection-with-central-vascular-ligation-in-right-sided-colon-cancer
#1
LETTER
Fredrik Olofsson, Pamela Buchwald, Sölve Elmståhl, Ingvar Syk
We agree with Dr Miskovic that the optimal way to investigate the impact of different sites of vascular ligation would be a randomized controlled trial. The second best alternative would be a population based study on prospectively collected data, which the Swedish ColoRectal Cancer Registry (SCRCR) provides and constitutes the base for the study performed. Studies comparing results from different hospitals or using a historical control group inflict more biases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
March 22, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319356/transperineal-repair-of-third-degree-perineal-tear-and-anterior-rectocele-with-complete-perineal-body-reconstruction-video-vignette
#2
LETTER
Hossam Elfeki, Sameh Hany Emile, Waleed Omar
Perineal laceration sustained during vaginal delivery is considered one of the most common causes of anal sphincter injury and pelvic floor dysfunction. Faecal incontinence (FI) that afflicts 2-6% of females after childbirth is mostly attributed to the perineal lacerations occurring either spontaneously or as a sequel of the episiotomy incision [1]. While conservative measures such as pelvic floor exercise and biofeedback therapy may be useful in some patients, others who experience severe FI may require formal surgical repair...
March 20, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319341/sacral-neuromodulation-in-a-faecal-incontinence-patient-with-unknown-sacral-partial-agenesis
#3
LETTER
Laura Lagares-Tena, Cristina Corbella-Sala, Albert Navarro-Luna, Arantxa Muñoz-Duyos
We present a 21-year-old female patient with partial sacral agenesis and faecal incontinence (FI), treated with sacral neuromodulation (SNM). This patient has a polymalformative syndrome. When she was 15, she underwent radical surgery with anal reconstruction for her anterior ectopic anus. She had a St. Mark's incontinence score of 15/24 when being assessed at our centre, with episodes of urge incontinence, soiling and an irregular depositional pattern with liquid stools. This article is protected by copyright...
March 20, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319326/altered-defecatory-behaviour-and-faecal-incontinence-in-a-video-tracked-animal-model-of-pudendal-neuropathy
#4
Liam A Devane, Eric Lucking, Judith Evers, Maria Buffini, S Mark Scott, Charles H Knowles, P Ronan O'Connell, James F X Jones
AIMS: To develop a behavioural animal model of faecal continence and assess the effect of retrouterine balloon inflation (RBI) injury. RBI in the rat causes pudendal neuropathy, a risk factor for obstetric related faecal incontinence in humans. METHOD: Video-tracking healthy rats (n=12) in a cage containing a latrine box was used to monitor their defaecatory behaviour index (DBI) over 2 weeks. DBI (range 0 - 1) was devised by dividing the defaecation rate (pellets/hour) outside the latrine by that of the whole cage...
March 20, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319316/barriers-to-the-management-of-obstructed-defecation-according-to-colorectal-surgeons
#5
Nagham Al-Mozany, Caroline Wright, Greg O'Grady, Christopher J Young, Michael J Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive defecation (OD) has a high prevalence and disease impact, however patients often experience suboptimal management. This problem reflects the complex pathophysiology of OD, as well as health service delivery factors. This study aimed to identify factors acting as a barrier to effective OD management as perceived by specialist colorectal surgeons treating this disorder. METHOD: A postal questionnaire was administered to a bi-national sampling of colorectal specialists in Australia and New Zealand who were registered with their specialty society...
March 20, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304143/anal-function-after-endoluminal-loco-regional-resection-by-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-and-radiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer
#6
Ivano Biviano, Andrea Balla, Danilo Badiali, Silvia Quaresima, Giancarlo D'Ambrosio, Emanuele Lezoche, Enrico Corazziari, Alessandro M Paganini
AIM: In patients with rectal cancer, surgery and chemo-radiotherapy may affect the anal sphincter function. Few studies evaluated the ano-rectal function after neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy (n-CRT) and/or Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of n-CRT and TEM on ano-rectal function. METHOD: Thirty-seven patients with rectal cancer underwent ano-rectal manometry and Wexner score for faecal incontinence at baseline, after n-CRT (cT2-T3N0 cancer) and at 4 and 12 months after surgery...
March 17, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304125/subtotal-colectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis-lessons-learned-from-a-tertiary-centre
#7
Nicolas C Buchs, Alexander L A Bloemendaal, Christopher P J Wood, Simon Travis, Neil J Mortensen, Richard J Guy, Bruce D George
AIM: Subtotal colectomy (STC) is a well-established treatment for complicated and refractory ulcerative colitis (UC). A laparoscopic approach offers potentially improved outcomes. The aim of the study was to report our experience with STC for UC in a single large center. METHOD: From January 2007 to May 2015, all consecutive patients undergoing STC for UC were retrospectively analysed from a prospectively-managed database. Patients with known Crohn's disease or those undergoing one-stage procedures were excluded...
March 17, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304122/comparative-study-of-magnetic-resonance-defaecography-and-evacuation-proctography-in-the-evaluation-of-obstructed-defaecation
#8
A Zafa, C Seretis, M Feretis, S Karandikar, S C Williams, M Goldstein, M Chapman
AIM: Obstructed defaecation syndrome (ODS) is a common condition of multifactorial aetiology and requires specialised evaluation. Accurate and reproducible pelvic floor imaging is imperative for multidisciplinary decision-making. Evacuation Proctography (EP) and Magnetic Resonance Defaecography (MRD) are the main imaging modalities used to assess dynamic pelvic floor function. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the findings and acceptability of MRD and EP in the same cohort of patients...
March 17, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304120/comparative-effectiveness-of-chemotherapy-versus-resection-of-the-primary-tumor-as-the-initial-treatment-in-older-patients-with-stage-iv-colorectal-cancer
#9
Hemalkumar B Mehta, Gabriela M Vargas, Deepak Adhikari, Francesca Dimou, Taylor S Riall
AIM: The objective was to determine trends in the use of chemotherapy as the initial treatment and evaluate the comparative effectiveness of initial chemotherapy versus resection of the primary tumour on survival (intention-to-treat analysis) in stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: This cohort study used Surveillance Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare (2000-2011) data, including patients ≥66 years presenting with stage IV CRC. Cox proportional hazards models and instrumental variable analysis were used to determine the association of chemotherapy versus resection of the primary tumour as the initial treatment with 2-year survival...
March 17, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295979/damage-control-surgery-and-extended-interval-gi-reconstruction-after-trauma-video-vignette
#10
LETTER
L O'Carroll, H Mohan, R A Cahill
Damage control principles are well established in the management of trauma victims. The approach prioritises rapid control of haemorrhage and intra-abdominal contamination in the patient approaching physiological exhaustion, optimising their condition in the intensive care unit, and attempting definitive management some days later. We present a case which we believe particularly instructive because of the unusually long period between the damage control laparotomies and definitive reconstruction of the GI tract during which time the patient was managed with a non-contiguous alimentary canal (closed at the level of proximal jejunum)...
March 13, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273409/c-reactive-protein-as-a-predictor-of-anastomotic-leak-in-the-first-week-after-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#11
Ian S Reynolds, Michael R Boland, Frank Reilly, Alison Deasy, Muhammad Hamid Majeed, Joseph Deasy, John P Burke, Deborah A McNamara
Anastomotic leak (AL) after anterior resection results in increased morbidity, mortality and local recurrence.. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of C-reactive protein (CRP) to predict AL in the first week after anterior resection for rectal cancer METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database that included all patients undergoing anterior resection between January 2008 and December 2013 was performed. The ability of CRP to predict AL was assessed using area under the receiver-operating characteristic (auROC) curves...
March 8, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267255/a-systematic-review-examining-quality-of-life-following-pelvic-exenteration-for-locally-advanced-and-recurrent-rectal-cancer
#12
REVIEW
E Rausa, M E Kelly, L Bonavina, P R O'Connell, D C Winter
AIM: Pelvic exenteration is a complex surgical procedure associated with considerable morbidity. Quality of life (QoL) is a crucial metric of surgical outcome. The aim of this review was to assess the quality of life following pelvic exenteration for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) and local recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC). METHOD: A comprehensive search of studies published between 2000 and 2016 that examined quality of life outcome following pelvic exenteration was performed...
March 7, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263043/the-relationship-between-method-of-anastomosis-and-anastomotic-failure-after-right-hemicolectomy-and-ileo-caecal-resection-an-international-snapshot-audit
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Anastomosis technique following right sided colonic resection is widely variable and may affect patient outcomes. This study aimed to assess the association between leak and anastomosis technique (stapled versus handsewn) METHODS: This was a prospective, multicentre, international audit including patients undergoing elective or emergency right hemicolectomy or ileo-caecal resection operations over a two-month period in early 2015. The primary outcome measure was the presence of anastomotic leak within 30 days of surgery, using a pre-specified definition...
March 6, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258664/surgical-and-not-analgesic-technique-affects-postoperative-inflammation-following-colorectal-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-study
#14
W Siekmann, C Eintrei, A Magnuson, A Sjölander, P Matthiessen, P Myrelid, A Gupta
AIM: Epidural analgesia reduces the surgical stress response. However, its effect on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in the genesis of inflammation following major abdominal surgery remains unclear. Our main objective was to elucidate whether perioperative epidural analgesia prevents the inflammatory response following colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: 96 patients scheduled for open or laparoscopic surgery were randomized to epidural analgesia (group E) or patient controlled intravenous analgesia (group P)...
March 4, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258642/benchmarking-recent-national-practice-in-rectal-cancer-treatment-with-landmark-randomised-controlled-trials
#15
Wernard Aat Antoine Borstlap, Pieter Tanis
AIM: A Snapshot study design eliminates changes in treatment and outcome over time. This population based Snapshot study aimed to determine current practice and outcome of rectal cancer treatment with published landmark randomised controlled trials (RCTs) as a benchmark. METHODS: In this collaborative research project, the dataset of the Dutch Surgical Colorectal Audit was extended with additional treatment and long-term outcome data. All registered patients who underwent resection for rectal cancer in 2011 were eligible...
March 4, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258638/challenging-emergency-laparoscopic-right-colectomy-for-completely-obstructing-cecal-carcinoma-a-video-vignette
#16
LETTER
Arianna Birindelli, Edoardo Segalini, Sherman Kwan, Andrea Biscardi, Valeria Tonini, Salomone Di Saverio
We present a video-vignette illustrating an emergency laparoscopic right colectomy in an 87 year-old female with an obstructing carcinoma of the caecum (Fig.1). The small bowel loops were extremely dilated, making the procedure particularly challenging because they impaired the laparoscopic view. Both the operator and the assistant holding the camera needed to be particularly skilled and able to navigate in the abdominal cavity. By careful blunt mobilization of the distended loops a proper working space was achieved...
March 4, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258628/intracorporeal-anastomoses-in-emergency-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-from-a-series-of-59-cases-where-and-how-to-do-it-a-technical-note
#17
Salomone Di Saverio, Arianna Birindelli, Matteo Mandrioli, Mauro Podda, Gian Andrea Binda
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy offers the benefits of minimally invasive surgery and faster recovery. Acute surgical patients may potentially benefit from the greatest advantages of emergency laparoscopy, even more clinically relevant in acute rather than elective patients. Fashioning a laparoscopic intra-corporeal anastomosis (ICA) after emergent colorectal resection, whenever technically feasible and non-contraindicated for the patients' general and hemodynamic condition, represents the most challenging technical skill to be learned...
March 4, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238232/is-abdominal-ct-scan-useful-for-the-management-of-patients-with-severe-acute-colitis-complicating-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-study-in-54-consecutive-patients
#18
Diane Mege, Marie Monsinjon, Magaly Zappa, Carmen Stefanescu, Xavier Treton, Léon Maggiori, Yoram Bouhnik, Yves Panis
AIM: To evaluate the contribution of CT scanning to the management of patients with severe acute exacerbation of colitis (SAC) complicating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), in particular, its contribution to surgical decision making. METHOD: All patients who were admitted to our institution for SAC complicating IBD, were divided into Group A (surgical treatment) and B (medical treatment). Admission CT scan results were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2015, 54 patients (26 males, median age= 39 (17-71) years) presented with SAC were divided into Group A (n=41, 76%) and B (n=13, 24%)...
February 26, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238216/impact-of-a-restrictive-versus-liberal-transfusion-strategy-on-anastomotic-leakage-and-infectious-complications-after-restorative-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#19
Volkan Ozben, Luca Stocchi, Jean Ashburn, Xiaobo Liu, Emre Gorgun
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of restrictive versus liberal transfusion strategy on anastomotic leakage and infectious complications after rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing restorative proctectomy for rectal cancer between 01/2008 and 12/2013 were divided into four groups according to the perioperative lowest haemoglobin (Hgb) level and transfusion status: Group 1 with Hgb level ≥10 g/dL, Group 2 ≥7 and <10 g/dL, who did not receive transfusion, and Group 3 with Hgb level ≥7 and <10 g/dL and Group 4 <7 g/dL, both of which received a transfusion...
February 26, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235160/robotic-transanal-minimally-invasive-surgery-r-tamis-with-da-vinci-xi-system-video-vignette
#20
LETTER
Ilknur Erguner, Erman Aytac, Ismail Ahmet Bilgin, Bilgi Baca, Ismail Hamzaoglu, Tayfun Karahasanoglu
Use of robots for transanal minimally invasive surgery (R-TAMIS) is an emerging technique and the applicability of the new generation da Vinci Xi system, with improved ergonomic ability of the robotic platform, can now be reported.(1) We report a 58 year-old female diagnosed with a one cm lesion located in the upper rectum. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
February 24, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
journal
journal
20086
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"