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Clinical Rehabilitation

Enav Z Zusman, Martin G Dawes, Nicola Edwards, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize evidence on older adults' sedentary behavior and physical activity during rehabilitation and recovery for hip fracture (1) across the care continuum and (2) from clinical interventions. DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed publications using CINAHL, Embase, Ovid MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and SportDiscus (last search: 17 October 2017). STUDY SELECTION: We included studies that measured sedentary behavior and physical activity of older adults with hip fracture using activity monitors (e...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Katherine Golding, Chris Fife-Schaw, Ian Kneebone
OBJECTIVE: To consider the potential of self-help relaxation training to treat depression after stroke. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with cross-over at three months. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 21 people with stroke, aged 49-82 years. INTERVENTION: Autogenic relaxation CD. MAIN MEASURE: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Depression (HADS-D) subscale...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Olena Hermann, Simone B Schmidt, Melanie Boltzmann, Jens D Rollnik
OBJECTIVE: To calculate scale performance of the newly developed Hessisch Oldendorf Fall Risk Scale (HOSS) for classifying fallers and non-fallers in comparison with the Risk of Falling Scale by Huhn (FSH), a frequently used assessment tool. DESIGN: A prospective observational trail was conducted. SETTING: The study was performed in a large specialized neurological rehabilitation facility. SUBJECTS: The study population ( n = 690) included neurological and neurosurgery patients during neurological rehabilitation with varying levels of disability...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Carlos López-de-Celis, Martin-Eusebio Barra-López, Vanessa González-Rueda, Elena Bueno-Gracia, Pere-Ramón Rodríguez-Rubio, José-Miguel Tricás-Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To assess the end of treatment and three months after treatment effects of diacutaneous fibrolysis as adjuvant of physical therapy for chronic lateral epicondylalgia. DESIGN: Double-blind (patient and evaluator) randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Primary Care Center of the Spanish NHS. SUBJECTS: A total of 54 people with 60 elbows affected with chronic lateral epicondylalgia, 33 women, mean (SD) age was 48...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Samantha Jones, Naomi Davis, Sarah F Tyson
OBJECTIVE: To review children's and their families' needs after a child's traumatic injury and assessment tools to measure needs. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases (2005-September 2017) were searched and screened for papers (of any design) investigating children's and families' needs after a child's traumatic physical injury. REVIEW METHODS: Data regarding children's and families' needs were extracted by two independent raters...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Sarah C Milne, Louise A Corben, Melissa Roberts, Anna Murphy, Geneieve Tai, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Eppie M Yiu, Martin B Delatycki
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a six-week rehabilitation programme followed by a home exercise programme for Friedreich's ataxia. DESIGN: Randomized, delayed-start control single-blind trial. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation centre. SUBJECTS: Ambulant or non-ambulant individuals with Friedreich's ataxia. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to a six-week outpatient rehabilitation programme, immediately (intervention group) or after a six-week delayed-start (control group)...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Alice Theadom, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Kelly Jones, Margaret Dudley, Norah Vincent, Valery Feigin
OBJECTIVE: To explore feasibility and potential efficacy of on-line interventions for sleep quality following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: A two parallel-group, randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Community-based. SUBJECTS: In all, 24 participants (mean age: 35.9 ± 11.8 years) who reported experiencing sleep difficulties between 3 and 36 months after a mild or moderate TBI. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to receive either a cognitive behaviour therapy or an education intervention on-line...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Freddy Mh Lam, Philip Fl Chan, L R Liao, Jean Woo, Elsie Hui, Charles Wk Lai, Timothy Cy Kwok, Marco Yc Pang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a comprehensive exercise program was effective in improving physical function among institutionalized older adults and whether adding whole-body vibration to the program conferred additional therapeutic benefits. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted. SETTING: This study was carried out in residential care units. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 73 older adults (40 women, mean age: 82...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Camille Chesnel, Claire Jourdan, Eleonore Bayen, Idir Ghout, Emmanuelle Darnoux, Sylvie Azerad, James Charanton, Philippe Aegerter, Pascale Pradat-Diehl, Alexis Ruet, Philippe Azouvi, Claire Vallat-Azouvi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the patient's awareness of his or her difficulties in the chronic phase of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to determine the factors related to poor awareness. DESIGN/SETTING/SUBJECTS: This study was part of a larger prospective inception cohort study of patients with severe TBI in the Parisian region (PariS-TBI study). Intervention/Main measures: Evaluation was carried out at four years and included the Brain Injury Complaint Questionnaire (BICoQ) completed by the patient and his or her relative as well as the evaluation of impairments, disability and quality of life...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Michelle N McDonnell, Briony Rischbieth, Tenille T Schammer, Chantel Seaforth, Alex J Shaw, Anna C Phillips
OBJECTIVE: The technique called Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT)-LOUD has previously been used to improve voice quality in people with Parkinson's disease. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an alternate intervention, LSVT-BIG (signifying big movements), to improve functional mobility. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized trials. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, AgeLine, Scopus and Cochrane Library were searched from inception to September 2017 using multiple search terms related to Parkinson's disease and LSVT-BIG...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
An De Groef, Marijke Van Kampen, Nele Vervloesem, Sophie De Geyter, Marie-Rose Christiaens, Patrick Neven, Lore Vos, Tessa De Vrieze, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of myofascial techniques, in addition to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain shortly after breast cancer surgery. DESIGN: Double-blinded (patient and assessor) randomized controlled trial with two groups. SETTING: University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium Patients: A total of 147 patients with unilateral axillary clearance for breast cancer. INTERVENTION: All participants received a standard physical therapy programme starting immediately after surgery for four months...
December 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
M H Tervahauta, G L Girolami, G K Øberg
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence on the effect of constraint-induced movement therapy compared with bimanual intensive training in children with unilateral cerebral palsy. DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases (Cinahl, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, PEDro, PsycINFO, PubMed) were searched from database inception through December 2016. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines...
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Holger Cramer, Petra Klose, Benno Brinkhaus, Andreas Michalsen, Gustav Dobos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the effectiveness of yoga in relieving chronic neck pain. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, and IndMED were screened through January 2017 for randomized controlled trials assessing neck pain intensity and/or neck pain-related disability in chronic neck pain patients. Secondary outcome measures included quality of life, mood, and safety. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane tool...
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Silke F Metzelthin, Gertrud Ar Zijlstra, Erik van Rossum, Janneke M de Man-van Ginkel, Barbara Resnick, Gill Lewin, Matthew Parsons, Gertrudis Ijm Kempen
BACKGROUND: Owing to increasing age, accidents or periods of illness, home care services are provided to community-dwelling older adults. Traditionally, these services focus on doing things for older adults rather than with them; though from a rehabilitative perspective, it is important to assist older adults to attain and maintain their highest level of functioning. Consequently, a re-orientation of home care services is required away from treating disease and creating dependency towards focusing on capabilities and opportunities and maximising independence...
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Felipe Martinelli Lourenzi, Anamaria Jones, Daniele Freitas Pereira, João Henrique Costa Alves Dos Santos, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of overall progressive resistance training in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial with blinded assessor and intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: Outpatient clinics. SUBJECTS: Sixty patients with rheumatoid arthritis according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, aged between 18 and 65 years old, under stable medication and not performing regular physical activity were randomized into two groups: intervention group (IG) and control group (CG)...
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Jane C Horne, Nadina B Lincoln, Pip A Logan
OBJECTIVE: To design, develop and psychometrically evaluate a stroke-specific measure of confidence, the Confidence after Stroke Measure (CaSM). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Adults in the community. PARTICIPANTS: Stroke survivors and healthy elderly participants. METHODS: Questionnaire items were generated based on the literature and qualitative interviews and piloted with expert groups to establish face validity...
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Emanuela Calandri, Federica Graziano, Martina Borghi, Silvia Bonino
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between coping strategies (problem solving, emotional release, and avoidance) and adjustment (health-related quality of life, depression, and affective well-being) in a group of recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis patients (up to three years since diagnosis), and to explore the mediating role of sense of coherence between coping strategies and adjustment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Multiple Sclerosis Clinic Centre...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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