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Clinical Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690780/prevalence-and-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-before-and-up-to-12-months-after-total-knee-replacement-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#1
Alison Hodges, Alison R Harmer, Sarah Dennis, Lillias Nairn, Lyn March, Ross Crawford, David Parker, Marlene Fransen
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and determinants of inadequate physical activity and excessive sedentary behaviour before and after total knee replacement. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Secondary analysis was performed on data from a cohort of 422 adults (45-74 years), drawn from 12 public or private hospitals, undergoing primary unilateral or bilateral total knee replacement surgery. MAIN MEASURES: Questionnaires were used to determine the presence of inadequate physical activity and excessive sedentary behaviour before and 6  and 12 months after total knee replacement surgery...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663831/the-use-of-periodized-exercise-prescription-in-rehabilitation-a-systematic-scoping-review-of-literature
#2
Blake Yale Boggenpoel, Stephan Nel, Susan Hanekom
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of periodized exercise prescription with patients in the context of rehabilitation. DATA SOURCE: The following databases were searched: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, PEDro, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, SAGE and Google Scholar. Databases were searched from inception to March 2018. RESULTS: The literature search yielded 1772 articles with 1755 being excluded leaving 17 articles in total for the full review...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663830/is-there-a-role-for-postoperative-physiotherapy-in-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-a-systematic-review
#3
Abdul Badran, Benjamin M Davies, Heidi-Marie Bailey, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, Mark Rn Kotter
OBJECTIVE: To review peer-reviewed literature relating to postoperative physiotherapy for degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM), to determine efficacy in improving clinical outcome and recovery. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PEDro, ISRCTN registry, WHO ICTRP and Clinicaltrials.gov . References and citations of relevant articles were searched. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines (PROSPERO CRD42016039511) from the origins of the databases till 15 February 2018...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651873/effectiveness-of-virtual-reality-training-for-balance-and-gait-rehabilitation-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
María Jesús Casuso-Holgado, Rocío Martín-Valero, Ana F Carazo, Esther M Medrano-Sánchez, M Dolores Cortés-Vega, Francisco José Montero-Bancalero
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for the use of virtual reality to treat balance and gait impairments in multiple sclerosis rehabilitation. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized clinical trials. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted using the following databases: MEDLINE (PubMed), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) and (CINHAL)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651872/the-effectiveness-of-12-weeks-of-pilates-intervention-on-disability-pain-and-kinesiophobia-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
David Cruz-Díaz, Marta Romeu, Carmen Velasco-González, Antonio Martínez-Amat, Fidel Hita-Contreras
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of 12 weeks of Pilates practice on disability, pain and kinesiophobia in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. DESIGN: This is a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: This study was conducted in the university laboratory. SUBJECTS: A total of 64 participants with chronic non-specific low back pain were included. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly allocated to intervention group consisted in Pilates intervention during 12 weeks ( n = 32) or control group who received no treatment ( n = 32)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644881/comment-on-lee-silverman-voice-treatment-lsvt-big-to-improve-motor-function-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Tobias Braun, Detlef Marks, Christian Thiel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644880/effects-of-mirror-therapy-on-walking-ability-balance-and-lower-limb-motor-recovery-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Yi Li, Qingchuan Wei, Wei Gou, Chengqi He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mirror therapy on walking ability, balance and lower limb motor recovery in patients with stroke. METHOD: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, CENTRAL, PEDro Database, CNKI, VIP, Wan Fang, ClinicalTrials.gov, Current controlled trials and Open Grey were searched for randomized controlled trials that investigated the effects of mirror therapy on lower limb function through January 2018. The primary outcomes included were walking speed, mobility and balance function...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627995/perceptions-of-fall-circumstances-injuries-and-recovery-techniques-among-power-wheelchair-users-a-qualitative-study
#8
Laura A Rice, JongHun Sung, Joseph Peters, Wendy D Bartlo, Jacob J Sosnoff
OBJECTIVE: To understand the circumstances surrounding the worst fall experienced by power wheelchair users in the past year and to examine injuries sustained and recovery methods. DESIGN: A qualitative study using a semi-structured interview. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: A self-selected volunteer sample of 19 power wheelchair users who utilize their device for at least 75% of mobility. The most common disability represented was cerebral palsy ( n = 8)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606025/a-nutritional-intervention-program-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-geriatric-patients-at-nutritional-risk-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Rikke Terp, Kim Otto Jacobsen, Pia Kannegaard, Anne-Mette Larsen, Ole Rintek Madsen, Eline Noiesen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a nutrition intervention program for geriatric nutritional at-risk patients. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Department of geriatric medicine in a university hospital and in the primary healthcare sector, Copenhagen. SUBJECTS: Geriatric patients ( N = 144) at nutritional risk. INTERVENTION: The intervention consisted of an individual dietary plan for home, including pre-discharge advice on nutritional intake, combined with three follow-up visits after discharge (one, four, and eight weeks)...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589474/what-influences-decisions-about-ongoing-stroke-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-pre-existing-dementia-or-cognitive-impairment-a-qualitative-study
#10
Verity Longley, Sarah Peters, Caroline Swarbrick, Audrey Bowen
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors influencing clinicians decision-making about ongoing stroke rehabilitation for people with pre-existing dementia/cognitive impairment and the impact on clinical practice. DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews with stroke specialist healthcare professionals analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Acute stroke unit, inpatient stroke rehabilitation units, and community stroke services. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty three professionals from six multidisciplinary stroke teams involved in decision-making about stroke patients' rehabilitation potential and clinical pathways...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582713/a-mixed-treatment-comparison-on-efficacy-and-safety-of-treatments-for-spasticity-caused-by-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#11
Xiying Fu, Yanqiao Wang, Can Wang, Huijie Wu, Jinyao Li, Ming Li, Qianqian Ma, Wei Yang
OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed at providing a quantitative evaluation on different therapies of spasticity caused by multiple sclerosis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and Embase database. REVIEW METHODS: We searched for randomized controlled trials that met the requirements. Percentages of improved patients' spasticity scale, mild adverse effect and severe adverse effect were extracted as outcomes. The forest plots accompanied with surface under the cumulative ranking curves were used to reveal the efficacy and safety of these therapies...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582712/why-do-stroke-survivors-not-receive-recommended-amounts-of-active-therapy-findings-from-the-react-study-a-mixed-methods-case-study-evaluation-in-eight-stroke-units
#12
David J Clarke, Louisa-Jane Burton, Sarah F Tyson, Helen Rodgers, Avril Drummond, Rebecca Palmer, Alex Hoffman, Matthew Prescott, Pippa Tyrrell, Lianne Brkic, Katie Grenfell, Anne Forster
OBJECTIVE: To identify why the National Clinical Guideline recommendation of 45 minutes of each appropriate therapy daily is not met in many English stroke units. DESIGN: Mixed-methods case-study evaluation, including modified process mapping, non-participant observations of service organisation and therapy delivery, documentary analysis and semi-structured interviews. SETTING: Eight stroke units in four English regions. SUBJECTS: Seventy-seven patients with stroke, 53 carers and 197 stroke unit staff were observed; 49 patients, 50 carers and 131 staff participants were interviewed...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569470/a-cost-minimization-analysis-of-occupational-therapy-discharge-planning-for-older-adults-the-home-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Kylie Wales, Glenn Salkeld, Lindy Clemson, Natasha A Lannin, Laura Gitlin, Laurence Rubenstein, Kirsten Howard, Martin Howell, Ian D Cameron
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost effectiveness of two occupational therapy-led discharge planning interventions from the HOME trial. DESIGN: An economic evaluation was conducted within the superiority randomized HOME trial to assess the difference in costs and health-related outcomes associated with the enhanced program and the in-hospital consultation. Total costs of health and community service utilization were used to calculate incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, activities of daily living and quality-adjusted life years...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552921/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-compare-two-methods-of-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-to-improve-functional-ability-in-the-affected-upper-limb-in-pre-school-children-with-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy-catch-trial
#14
Pauline M Christmas, Catherine Sackley, Max G Feltham, Carole Cummins
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and short-term efficacy of caregiver-directed constraint-induced movement therapy to improve upper limb function in young children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with masked assessment. SETTING: Community paediatric therapy services. SUBJECTS: Pre-school children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. INTERVENTIONS: Caregiver-directed constraint-induced movement therapy administered using either 24-hour short-arm restraint device (prolonged) or intermittent holding restraint during therapy (manual)...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529871/assessment-of-the-content-reporting-for-therapeutic-exercise-interventions-among-existing-randomized-controlled-trials-on-knee-osteoarthritis
#15
Jennifer O'Neil, Daniel McEwen, Michael J Del Bel, Donguk Jo, Odette Thevenot, Olivia S MacKiddie, Lucie Brosseau
Purpose/Rationale: Physical exercise interventions for the management of knee osteoarthritis are well known to be effective and accessible forms of rehabilitation and symptom management. However, without adequate reporting of these interventions, accurate replication and clinical use is negatively impacted. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this article was to assess content reporting using The Consensus on Exercise Reporting Template list and 2016 American College of Sports Medicine guidelines among moderate- to high-quality exercise interventions randomized controlled trials (total score of ≥6/10 on the PEDro scale) involving individuals with knee osteoarthritis...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529870/six-hours-of-task-oriented-training-optimizes-walking-competency-post-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-the-public-health-care-system-of-south-africa
#16
Megan Knox, Aimee Stewart, Carol L Richards
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a minimal dose intervention of six 1-hour sessions of task-oriented circuit gait training including a caregiver over a 12-week period to persons post stroke in the South African public health sector. DESIGN: Stratified, single blinded, randomized controlled trial with three intervention groups. PARTICIPANTS: Persons post stroke ( n = 144, mean age 50 years, 72 women), mean 9.5 weeks post stroke. INTERVENTIONS: Task group ( n = 51)-accompanied by a caregiver; task-oriented circuit gait training (to improve strength, balance, and task performance while standing and walking)...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504416/effect-of-continuous-progressive-resistance-training-during-hemodialysis-on-body-composition-physical-function-and-quality-of-life-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Danilo Yuzo Nishimoto, Giovana Damasceno E Souza, Ariane Pereira Ramirez, Carla Oliveira Carletti, Célio Guilherme Lombardi Daibem, Giorgos K Sakkas, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of continuous progressive resistance training on body composition, functional capacity and self-reported quality of life in end-stage renal disease patients. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: The study included 52 hemodialysis patients (aged 55.7 ± 14.03 years) randomized into exercise (progressive resistance training (PRT), n = 28) or control (CON, n = 24) groups...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514517/a-systematic-review-of-the-diagnostic-utility-of-simple-tests-of-change-after-trial-removal-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-adults-with-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#18
Aileen Eugenia Scully, Edwin Choon Wyn Lim, Pei Pei Teow, Dawn May Leng Tan
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence regarding the diagnostic value of simple ancillary tests post cerebrospinal fluid drainage in normal pressure hydrocephalus. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane library databases; last searched on 12 September 2017. REVIEW METHODS: This review was performed applying the steps of the PRISMA statement. The QUADAS 2 tool was used to assess the risk of bias. Prospective and retrospective trials were systematically reviewed, and data on diagnostic accuracy were extracted...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493280/addition-of-an-educational-programme-for-primary-caregivers-to-rehabilitation-improves-self-care-and-mobility-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Micheli Bernardone Saquetto, Adriana de Santana Bispo, Camila da Silva Barreto, Katiuce Almeida Gonçalves, Rodrigo Santos Queiroz, Cássio Magalhães da Silva, Mansueto Gomes Neto
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the addition of an education programme for primary caregivers to rehabilitation improves daily functioning in children with cerebral palsy. DESIGN: A randomized, single-blind, controlled study. SETTING: This study was conducted in a rehabilitation centre in Salvador, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 63 boys and girls with cerebral palsy, at 1-12 years of age, with Gross Motor Function Classification Systems I-V, were randomly assigned to two groups: educational programme for primary caregivers and conventional rehabilitation ( n = 29) or conventional rehabilitation alone ( n = 31)...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480025/intradialytic-exercise-training-modalities-on-physical-functioning-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Mansueto Gomes Neto, Filipe Ferrari Ribeiro de Lacerda, Antonio Alberto Lopes, Bruno Prata Martinez, Micheli Bernardone Saquetto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of different intradialytic exercise training modalities on physical functioning and health-related quality of life of maintenance hemodialysis patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Trials Register and CINAHL for controlled trials that evaluated the effects of intradialytic exercise training for maintenance hemodialysis patients and published from the earliest available date to December 2017. Weighted mean difference and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated, and heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 test...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
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