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Clinical Rehabilitation

Thomas M Withers, Sarah Lister, Catherine Sackley, Allan Clark, Toby O Smith
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in physical activity levels before and up to one year after unilateral primary total hip replacement. DATA SOURCES: A search was performed on 13 July 2016. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they presented preoperative and up to one year postoperative measures of physical activity for patients who had undergone unilateral primary total hip replacement. REVIEW METHODS: Any article that used a measure of physical activity pre and up to one year post-unilateral primary total hip replacement...
October 23, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Yoko Fujimaki, Koichi Tsunoda, Rika Kobayashi, Chong Tonghyo, Fujinobu Tanaka, Hiroyuki Kuroda, Tsutomu Numata, Toyota Ishii, Reiko Kuroda, Sawako Masuda, Sho Hashimoto, Hayato Misawa, Naoko Shindo, Takahiro Mori, Hiroko Mori, Naoki Uchiyama, Yuichirou Kamei, Masashi Tanaka, Hironobu Hamaya, Shingo Funatsuki, Satoko Usui, Ikuno Ito, Kohei Hamada, Akihito Shindo, Yutaka Tokumaru, Yoko Morita, Rumi Ueha, Takaharu Nito, Shu Kikuta, Sotaro Sekimoto, Kenji Kondo, Takashi Sakamoto, Kenji Itoh, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Sumio Matsumoto
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a self-controlled vocal exercise in elderly people with glottal closure insufficiency. DESIGN: Parallel-arm, individual randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Patients who visited one of 10 medical centers under the National Hospital Organization group in Japan for the first time, aged 60 years or older, complaining of aspiration or hoarseness, and endoscopically confirmed to have glottal closure insufficiency owing to vocal cord atrophy, were enrolled in this study...
October 14, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Esra Giray, Evrim Karadag-Saygi, Basak Mansiz-Kaplan, Duygu Tokgoz, Ozun Bayindir, Onder Kayhan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of kinesiology taping and different types of application techniques of kinesiology taping in addition to therapeutic exercises in the treatment of congenital muscular torticollis. DESIGN: Prospective, single blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: An outpatient rehabilitation clinic in a tertiary university hospital. SUBJECTS: Infants with congenital muscular torticollis aged 3-12 months...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Hyun-Ju Park, Duck-Won Oh, Jong-Duk Choi, Jong-Man Kim, Suhn-Yeop Kim, Yong-Jun Cha, Su-Jin Jeon
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of action observation training involving community-based ambulation for improving walking ability after stroke. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled pilot study. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation hospital. SUBJECTS: A total of 25 inpatients with post-stroke hemiparesis were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (n = 12) or control group (n = 13). INTERVENTION: Subjects of the experimental group watched video clips demonstrating four-staged ambulation training with a more complex environment factor for 30 minutes, three times a week for four weeks...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Shantil M Dickerson, Jarod M Weaver, Ashley N Boyson, Jared A Thacker, Andrew A Junak, Pamela D Ritzline, Megan B Donaldson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of exercise therapy on pain, function, and mobility outcomes in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis undertaken following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Studies that met the inclusion criteria: (1) randomized controlled trials; (2) a population with the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint dysfunction; and (3) interventions that included exercise therapy were considered for review...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Qiaodan Ji, Hongchen He, Chi Zhang, Chunlan Lu, Yu Zheng, Xiao Tian Luo, Chengqi He
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of whole-body vibration on neuromuscular performance in people with spinal cord injury and evaluate the safe and effective vibration protocols. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and PEDro were mainly searched for English literatures. Other data sources were, Current Controlled Trials and reference lists of all relevant articles. The PEDro scale was used to evaluate the methodological quality, and the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine level of evidence was used to assess the level of evidence...
September 29, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Hamid Reza Rostami, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Ali Reza Akbarinia, Susan Samani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effect of practice type during modified constraint-induced movement therapy on hand function in patients with chronic median and ulnar nerve injuries. DESIGN: A prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Participants' private home. SUBJECTS: A convenience sample of 36 outpatient participants allocated randomly to three equal groups. INTERVENTIONS: Intervention groups underwent 3-hour intensive training of affected hand each day, 3-day a week, 4-week in association with immobilisation of healthy hand: occupation-based group practiced meaningful occupations while rote exercise-based group performed rote exercises during constraint-induced movement therapy...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Sandra Jellema, Suzanne van Hees, Jana Zajec, Rob van der Sande, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Esther Mj Steultjens
OBJECTIVE: Identify the environmental factors that influence stroke-survivors' reengagement in personally valued activities and determine what specific environmental factors are related to specific valued activity types. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched until June 2016 using multiple search-terms for stroke, activities, disability, and home and community environments. REVIEW METHODS: An integrated mixed-method systematic review of qualitative, quantitative and mixed-design studies was conducted...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Mirjam Körner, Hanna Dangel, Anne Plewnia, Julia Haller, Markus A Wirtz
OBJECTIVE: Structural analysis of the German translation of the "Client-Centered Rehabilitation Questionnaire" (CCRQ). DESIGN: Cross-sectional multicenter study. SETTING: Ten inpatient rehabilitation centers in Germany. SUBJECTS: The CCRQ was completed by patients in the ten rehabilitation centers. MAIN MEASURES: The psychometric analysis of the CCRQ was conducted using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Clarisa A Martinez, Emily Mintz, Andrea E Ecsedy, Beth E Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To determine if persons with chronic stroke and decreased hip and knee flexion during swing can walk with improved swing-phase kinematics when the task demands constrained gait to the sagittal plane. DESIGN: A one-day, within-subject design comparing gait kinematics under two conditions: Unconstrained treadmill walking and a constrained condition in which the treadmill walking space is reduced to limit limb advancement to occur in the sagittal plane. SETTING: Outpatient physical therapy clinic...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
D Murray, O Hardiman, A Campion, R Vance, F Horgan, D Meldrum
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of an eight-week home-based arm ergometry aerobic exercise programme on physical fitness, fatigue, activity and quality of life in Polio Survivors. DESIGN: An assessor blinded randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Home-based exercise. SUBJECTS: Fifty-five Polio survivors randomised to exercise or control groups. INTERVENTION: Home-based arm ergometry at an intensity of 50%-70% maximum heart rate, compared with usual physiotherapy care...
August 16, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Daniele Volpe, Maria Giulia Giantin, Pilleri Manuela, Consuelo Filippetto, Elisa Pelosin, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Angelo Antonini
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of two physiotherapy protocols (water-based vs. non-water-based) on postural deformities of patients with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: A single blind, randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Inpatient (Rehabilitative Department). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 30 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to one of two eight-week treatment groups: Water-based (n = 15) or non-water-based physiotherapy exercises (n = 15)...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Yu-Jie Yang, Jun Zhang, Ying Hou, Bao-Yin Jiang, Hua-Fei Pan, Jian Wang, Da-Yong Zhong, Hai-Ying Guo, Yi Zhu, Jie Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Chinese massage therapy (Tui Na) for patients with post-stroke spasticity. DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter, blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled intervention trial. SUBJECT: A total of 90 patients with post-stroke spasticity were randomly assigned to the experimental (Tui Na therapy) group (n = 45) or control (placebo Tui Na therapy) group (n = 45). INTERVENTION: Participants in the experimental group received Tui Na therapy, while those in the control group received placebo-Tai Na (gentle rubbing) for 20-25 minutes per limb, once per day, five days per week for a total of four weeks...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Christelle Pons, Sylvain Brochard, Philippe Gallien, Benoit Nicolas, Aurélie Duruflé, Marion Roquet, Olivier Rémy-Néris, Ronan Garlantezec
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate medication, rehabilitation and healthcare consumption in adults with CP as a function of Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level. DESIGN: Questionnaire-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Brittany, a French county. SUBJECTS: Adults with cerebral palsy. INTERVENTIONS: Questionnaires relating to drugs, orthotic devices, mobility aids, rehabilitation and medical input were sent to 435 members of a unique regional French network dedicated to adults with cerebral palsy...
August 9, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Nick Preston, Sara Magallón, Liam Jb Hill, Elizabeth Andrews, Sara M Ahern, Mark Mon-Williams
OBJECTIVE: To identify effective motor training interventions for children with developmental coordination disorder from research graded as high quality (using objective criteria) for the purpose of informing evidence-based clinical practice. DATA SOURCES: We followed the guidance for conducting systematic reviews issued by the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. Six OvidSP electronic databases (AMED, All EBM reviews (including Cochrane), Embase, Ovid MEDLINE, PsychARTICLES Full Text, PsycINFO) were searched systematically...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
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October 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Yanan Li, Youxin Su, Shaoqing Chen, Yingjie Zhang, Ziyi Zhang, Changyan Liu, Meili Lu, Feiwen Liu, Shuzhen Li, Zhen He, Yiru Wang, Lu Sheng, Wenting Wang, Zhengxuan Zhan, Xu Wang, Naixi Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effectiveness of resistance exercise in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis on pain, stiffness, and physical function. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Web of Science, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database were searched from the date of inception to August 2015. METHODS: Trials comparing effects of resistance exercise intervention with either non-intervention or psycho-educational intervention were selected by two reviewers independently...
October 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Chi Zhang, Yujie Xie, Xiaotian Luo, Qiaodan Ji, Chunlan Lu, Chengqi He, Pu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of therapeutic ultrasound with sham or no intervention on pain, physical function and safety outcomes in patients with knee osteoarthritis. DATA SOURCES: This systematic review was searched on CENTRAL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Open Gray on 4 September 2015. Trials included randomized controlled trials that compared therapeutic ultrasound with a sham or no intervention in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee...
October 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Rosa Cabanas-Valdés, Caritat Bagur-Calafat, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés, Fernanda Mª Caballero-Gómez, Montserrat Hernández-Valiño, Gerard Urrútia Cuchí
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of core stability exercises on trunk control, dynamic sitting and standing balance, gait, and activities of daily living in subacute stroke patients. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation hospital in two centres. SUBJECTS: Eighty patients (mean of 23.25 (±16.7) days post-stroke) were randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. INTERVENTIONS: Both groups underwent conventional therapy for five days/week for five weeks and the experimental group performed core stability exercises for 15 min/day...
October 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Lucie Brosseau, George A Wells, Arlanna G Pugh, Christine Am Smith, Prinon Rahman, Inmaculada C Àlvarez Gallardo, Karine Toupin-April, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Sabrina Cavallo, Jade Taki, Rachel Marcotte, Marlene Fransen, Gabriela Hernandez-Molina, Glen P Kenny, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Sydney Brooks, Lucie Laferriere, Linda McLean, Guy Longchamp
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to identify effective land-based therapeutic exercise interventions and provide evidence-based recommendations for managing hip osteoarthritis. A secondary objective is to develop an Ottawa Panel evidence-based clinical practice guideline for hip osteoarthritis. METHODS: The search strategy and modified selection criteria from a Cochrane review were used. Studies included hip osteoarthritis patients in comparative controlled trials with therapeutic exercise interventions...
October 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
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