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Clinical Rehabilitation

Daniele Piscitelli, Leonardo Pellicciari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Gillian Quinn, Laura Comber, Chris McGuigan, Rose Galvin, Susan Coote
OBJECTIVE: To investigate discriminative ability and clinical utility of the Timed Up and Go under single- and dual-task conditions between fallers and non-fallers in multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Neurology service in a tertiary hospital. SUBJECTS: Participants were 101 people with MS and Expanded Disability Status Scale score of 3-6.5. One participant withdrew after the baseline assessment, and hence the data were analysed for 100 participants...
August 14, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Rosanne van Seben, Susanne M Smorenburg, Bianca M Buurman
OBJECTIVE: To characterize how rehabilitation goals of older patients change over time and to explore professionals' attitudes toward patient-centered goal-setting and their perspectives on rehabilitation goals. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study. SETTING: Three geriatric rehabilitation centers. SUBJECTS: Ten patients (aged ⩾ 80), who had recently received inpatient geriatric rehabilitation, and seven professionals were purposively recruited...
August 14, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Cuiling Shen, Fang Liu, Liqun Yao, Zhongyuan Li, Li Qiu, Suzhu Fang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness of MOTOmed® movement therapy in increasing mobility and activities of daily living in stroke patients with hemiplegia. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: English- and Chinese-language articles published from the start of database coverage through 20 June 2018 were retrieved from the Embase, Web of Science, PubMed, OVID, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, Wanfang, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP, and Chinese Biomedicine databases...
August 8, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Regina Wai Man Leung, Jennifer A Alison, Zoe J McKeough
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the Brief Balance Evaluation System Test (Brief-BESTest) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its correlation between the Brief-BESTest score and lung function, functional exercise capacity, functional lower limb strength, and fear of falling. DESIGN: Prospective, single-group, observational study. SETTING: Outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program...
August 8, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Maijke Van Bloemendaal, Walter Bout, Sicco A Bus, Frans Nollet, Alexander Ch Geurts, Anita Beelen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate construct validity and reproducibility of the Functional Gait Assessment (FGA) for measuring walking balance capacity in persons after stroke. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation center. SUBJECTS: Fifty-two persons post-stroke (median (25% and 75% percentiles)) time post-stroke 6 (5-10) weeks) with independent walking ability (mean gait speed 1.1 ± ...
August 7, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Sebrina Hansen, Jens Aaboe, Inger Mechlenburg, Søren Overgaard, Lone Ramer Mikkelsen
BACKGROUND: The rehabilitation after a total hip replacement varies in degree of supervision; however, it remains unknown whether supervised programmes are more effective than non-supervised. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the effectiveness of supervised exercise compared to non-supervised home-based exercise after total hip replacement on patient-reported function, hip-pain, health-related quality of life and performance-based function. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials investigating the effect of supervised exercise compared to non-supervised home-based exercise...
August 3, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Wang Bo, Mao Lei, Shen Tao, Liu Tuan Jie, Li Qian, Fang Qi Lin, Wang Xiao Ping
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the possible effect of the combined intervention of physical exercise and cognitive training on cognitive function in stroke survivals with vascular cognitive impairment. DESIGN: A single-blind (investigator-blinded but not subject-blinded) randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Medical Rehabilitation Center of Shanghai General Hospital, China. SUBJECTS: A total of 225 patients (mean age 64...
August 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Monica Berggren, Åsa Karlsson, Nina Lindelöf, Undis Englund, Birgitta Olofsson, Peter Nordström, Yngve Gustafson, Michael Stenvall
OBJECTIVE: This pre-planned secondary analysis of geriatric interdisciplinary home rehabilitation, which was initially found to shorten the postoperative length of stay in hospital for older individuals following hip fracture, investigated whether such rehabilitation reduced the numbers of complications, readmissions, and total days spent in hospital after discharge during a 12-month follow-up period compared with conventional geriatric care and rehabilitation. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
August 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Vilai Kuptniratsaikul, Chawalit Kittichaikarn, Phitsanu Suntornpiyapan, Kriangkrai Kovintaset, Suwicha Inthibal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a four-week underwater treadmill exercise regimen compared to a home exercise regimen relative to pain relief and functional improvement in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty primary knee osteoarthritis with pain ⩾5/10 and body mass index ⩾25 kg/m2 . INTERVENTIONS: Daily quadriceps exercise at home for 30 minutes (control group) or underwater treadmill exercise (study group) for 30 minutes/day, three times/week for four weeks...
August 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Marwa Mekki, Thierry Paillard, Sonia Sahli, Zouhair Tabka, Yassine Trabelsi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation added to pulmonary rehabilitation on walking tolerance and balance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Outpatient, Faculty of Medicine of Sousse, Tunisia. SUBJECTS: A total of 45 patients with COPD were assigned to an intervention group ( n = 25) or a control group ( n = 20)...
August 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Julie E Depiazzi, Rachel A Forbes, Noula Gibson, Nadine L Smith, Andrew C Wilson, Roslyn N Boyd, Kylie Hill
OBJECTIVE: In a non-athletic population, to (1) investigate the effectiveness of high-intensity interval training in an aquatic environment (A-HIIT) on aerobic performance, strength, and body composition and (2) report on safety of this approach. METHOD: A systematic search was undertaken of six databases until May 2018. Trials were eligible for inclusion if they compared the effect of A-HIIT in a non-athletic population with a control group that received no exercise training...
August 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Ana M Haro-Martínez, Genny Lubrini, Rosario Madero-Jarabo, Exuperio Díez-Tejedor, Blanca Fuentes
OBJECTIVE: To collect data to estimate the sample size of a definitive randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of Melodic Intonation Therapy in post-stroke nonfluent aphasia. DESIGN: A randomized, crossover, interventional pilot trial. SETTING: Departments of Neurology and Rehabilitation from a university general hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Stroke survivors with post-stroke nonfluent aphasia. INTERVENTIONS: Patients randomized to group 1 had treatment with Melodic Intonation Therapy first (12 sessions over six weeks) followed by no treatment; the patients in group 2 started active treatment between three and six months after their inclusion in the study, serving as waiting list controls for the first phase...
July 30, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Ingerid Kleffelgaard, Helene Lundgaard Soberg, Anne-Lise Tamber, Kari Anette Bruusgaard, Are Hugo Pripp, Maria Sandhaug, Birgitta Langhammer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of group-based vestibular rehabilitation in patients with traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University Hospital (recruitment and baseline assessments) and Metropolitan University (experimental intervention). SUBJECTS: A total of 65 patients (45 women) with mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury (mean age 39.4 ± 13.0 years) were randomly assigned to intervention ( n = 33) or control group ( n = 32)...
July 30, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Yildiz Analay Akbaba, Ebru Kaya Mutlu, Suleyman Altun, Derya Celik
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of setting expectations verbally on the effectiveness of kinesiotape application in patients with a rotator cuff tear. DESIGN: Randomized controlled, double-blind study. SETTING: Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation. SUBJECTS: Eighty-nine patients with rotator cuff tear. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized according to the verbal input given to patients about the effectiveness of kinesiotaping; Group 1 (there is no evidence that kinesiotaping is effective), Group 2 (there is limited evidence that kinesiotaping is effective), and Group 3 (there is evidence that kinesiotaping has an excellent effect)...
July 26, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Mitchell Selhorst, William Rice, Michael Jackowski, Todd Degenhart, Shaun Coffman
OBJECTIVE: To compare a sequential treatment algorithm considering psychosocial and physical impairments, with a conventional rehabilitation approach considering only physical impairments in adolescents with patellofemoral pain. DESIGN: A randomized, single-blind, controlled study. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-five adolescents (36 females; mean age 14.3 ± 1.8 years). INTERVENTIONS: The sequential cognitive and physical approach (SCOPA) group ( n = 28) was treated based on sequential testing and treatment of activity-related fear, flexibility, kinematics, and strength...
July 26, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Ahmed M Elnahhas, Shorouk Elshennawy, Maya G Aly
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of backward gait training on balance, gross motor function, and gait parameters in children with cerebral palsy. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Science Direct, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and Google Scholar were searched up to May 2018. REVIEW METHODS: Randomized controlled trials were included if they involved any form of backward gait training for children with cerebral palsy...
July 25, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Lu-Lu Lin, Yong-Ting Li, Jian-Feng Tu, Jing-Wen Yang, Ning Sun, Shuai Zhang, Tian-Qi Wang, Guang-Xia Shi, Yi Du, Jing-Jie Zhao, Da-Chang Xiong, Hai-Kun Hou, Cun-Zhi Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture for pain relief and function improvement in patients with knee osteoarthritis and to determine the feasibility of an eight-week acupuncture intervention. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Three teaching hospitals in China. SUBJECTS: Patients with knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren grade II or III). INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned to an eight-week (three sessions per week) intervention of either traditional Chinese acupuncture or sham acupuncture...
July 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Sugalya Amatachaya, Kitiyawadee Srisim, Thiwabhorn Thaweewannakij, Preeda Arrayawichanon, Pipatana Amatachaya, Lugkana Mato
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cognitive-motor interference using ability of dual-task obstacle crossing could predict a risk of fall in 90 ambulatory individuals with spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Six-month prospective study. SETTING: A rehabilitation center and community hospitals. SUBJECTS: Independent ambulatory individuals with spinal cord injury. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects were interviewed and evaluated for personal characteristics, dual-task obstacle crossing ability, and functional ability using the 10 Meter Walk Test, Timed Up and Go Test, and Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test...
July 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Michael H Thaut, Ruth R Rice, Thenille Braun Janzen, Corene P Hurt-Thaut, Gerald C McIntosh
OBJECTIVE: To test whether rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) training reduces the number of falls in Parkinson's disease patients with a history of frequent falls. DESIGN: Randomized withdrawal study design. SUBJECTS: A total of 60 participants (aged 62-82 years) diagnosed with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (Hoehn and Yahr stages III or IV) with at least two falls in the past 12 months. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly allocated to two groups and completed 30 minutes of daily home-based gait training with metronome click-embedded music...
July 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
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