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Clinical Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828902/reporting-interventions-in-trials-evaluating-cognitive-rehabilitation-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#1
Jacqueline R Mhizha-Murira, Avril Drummond, Olga A Klein, Roshan dasNair
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quantity and quality of description of cognitive rehabilitation for cognitive deficits in people with multiple sclerosis, using a variety of published checklists, and suggest ways of improving the reporting of these interventions. DATA SOURCES: A total of 10 electronic databases were searched, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO, from inception to May 2017. Grey literature databases, trial registers, reference lists and author citations were also searched...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805094/how-balance-task-specific-training-contributes-to-improving-physical-function-in-older-subjects-undergoing-rehabilitation-following-hip-fracture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Marco Monticone, Emilia Ambrosini, Roberto Brunati, Antonio Capone, Giulia Pagliari, Claudio Secci, Giovanni Zatti, Simona Ferrante
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a rehabilitation programme including balance task-specific training in improving physical function, pain, activities of daily living (ADL), balance and quality of life in subjects after a hip fracture. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: A total of 52 older subjects selected for internal fixation due to extra-capsular hip fracture were randomized to be included in an experimental ( n = 26) and control group ( n = 26)...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805078/occurrence-and-predictive-factors-of-heterotopic-ossification-in-severe-acquired-brain-injured-patients-during-rehabilitation-stay-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Stefano Bargellesi, Luisa Cavasin, Federico Scarponi, Antonio De Tanti, Donatella Bonaiuti, Michelangelo Bartolo, Paolo Boldrini, Anna Estraneo
OBJECTIVES: To report occurrence and identify patient's features and risk factors of heterotopic ossifications in patients with severe acquired brain injury in intensive rehabilitation centres. DESIGN: Multicentre cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A total of 48 severe acquired brain injury rehabilitation institutes. PARTICIPANTS: Traumatic and non-traumatic severe brain-injured patients ( N = 689) in rehabilitation centres on 28 May 2016...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805075/validity-and-reliability-of-accelerometry-in-identification-of-lying-sitting-standing-or-purposeful-activity-in-adult-hospital-inpatients-recovering-from-acute-or-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#4
Jayne L Anderson, Angela J Green, L Samantha Yoward, Howard K Hall
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the validity and reliability of accelerometers to detect lying, sitting and standing postures or purposeful activity in hospitalized adults recovering from acute or critical illness. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, Cochrane Library, PEDro, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscuss were searched from inception to June 2017. Professional networks and reference lists of relevant articles were also searched. The main selection criteria were hospitalized adults with acute or critical illness and studies investigating the validity or reliability of accelerometers to identify body position or purposeful activity...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805066/active-controlled-motion-in-early-rehabilitation-improves-outcome-after-ankle-fractures-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Hendrik Jansen, Martin Jordan, Sönke Frey, Stefanie Hölscher-Doht, Rainer Meffert, Timo Heintel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of active controlled motion (ACM) after unstable ankle fractures needing initial partial weight-bearing. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS: A total of 50 patients with unstable ankle fractures and the need for partial weight-bearing for six weeks. INTERVENTIONS: Randomization in two groups: physiotherapy alone or physiotherapy with an additional ACM device...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783969/treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-platelet-derived-growth-factors-vs-hyaluronic-acid-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Claudio Lisi, Cesare Perotti, Luigia Scudeller, Luigi Sammarchi, Francesca Dametti, Valeria Musella, Giuseppe Di Natali
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this trial was to compare efficacy of activated platelet-rich plasma against hyaluronic acid as intra-articular injections to people with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Phase-2 randomized controlled trial, with blind patients and outcome assessors. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation service; years 2011-2013. SUBJECTS: Patients with knee osteoarthritis grades 2-3 at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were included after consent and randomized...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776408/long-term-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-study-of-low-level-laser-therapy-before-exercises-in-knee-osteoarthritis-laser-and-exercises-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#7
Patrícia Pereira Alfredo, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Washington Steagall Junior, Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes Martins, Martin B Stausholm, Raquel Aparecida Casarotto, Amélia Pasqual Marques, Jon Joensen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), in combination with strengthening exercises in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Follow-up results at three and six months in a previously published randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Specialist Rehabilitation Services. SUBJECTS: Forty participants of both genders, aged 50-75 years with knee osteoarthritis grade 2-4 on Kellgren-Lawrence scale...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776407/functional-activities-and-social-participation-after-stroke-in-rural-china-a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators
#8
Lifang Zhang, Tiebin Yan, Liming You, Yan Gao, Kun Li, Chunbo Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspectives of stroke survivors in China's rural areas, particularly with respect to environmental barriers and facilitators related to their functional activity and social participation. DESIGN: Qualitative content analysis. A cross-sectional study. SETTING: In-depth interviewing in the participants' homes. SUBJECTS: In total, 18 community-dwelling stroke survivors in the rural areas of China...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750586/a-controlled-clinical-trial-of-a-clinically-tuned-powered-ankle-prosthesis-in-people-with-transtibial-amputation
#9
Emily S Gardinier, Brian M Kelly, Jeffrey Wensman, Deanna H Gates
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there are changes in level walking performance for people using a powered ankle prosthesis that was tuned by an independent, manufacturer-certified prosthetist in accordance with device recommendations. DESIGN: Intervention study with cross-over design. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 10 individuals with unilateral, transtibial amputation, and 10 age- and gender-matched control participants...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750549/the-role-of-movement-errors-in-modifying-spatiotemporal-gait-asymmetry-post-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Michael D Lewek, Carty H Braun, Clint Wutzke, Carol Giuliani
OBJECTIVE: Current rehabilitation to improve gait symmetry following stroke is based on one of two competing motor learning strategies: minimizing or augmenting symmetry errors. We sought to determine which of those motor learning strategies best improves overground spatiotemporal gait symmetry. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation research lab. SUBJECTS: In all, 47 participants (59 ± 12 years old) with chronic hemiparesis post stroke and spatiotemporal gait asymmetry were randomized to error augmentation, error minimization, or conventional treadmill training (control) groups...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750548/a-feasibility-study-of-a-novel-task-specific-movement-training-intervention-for-women-with-patellofemoral-pain
#11
Gretchen B Salsich, Barbara Yemm, Karen Steger-May, Catherine E Lang, Linda R Van Dillen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a novel, task-specific training intervention that focused on correcting pain-producing movement patterns was feasible and whether it would improve hip and knee kinematics, pain, and function in women with patellofemoral pain. DESIGN: Prospective, non-randomized, within-group, double baseline, feasibility intervention study. SUBJECTS: A total of 25 women with patellofemoral pain were enrolled. INTERVENTION: The intervention, delivered 2×/week for six weeks, consisted of supervised, high-repetition practice of daily weight-bearing and recreational activities...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745063/home-based-step-training-using-videogame-technology-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-single-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Jooeun Song, Serene S Paul, Maria Joana D Caetano, Stuart Smith, Leland E Dibble, Rachelle Love, Daniel Schoene, Jasmine C Menant, Cathie Sherrington, Stephen R Lord, Colleen G Canning, Natalie E Allen
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether 12-week home-based exergame step training can improve stepping performance, gait and complementary physical and neuropsychological measures associated with falls in Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Community (experimental intervention), university laboratory (outcome measures). SUBJECTS: Sixty community-dwelling people with Parkinson's disease...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730849/treadmill-training-to-improve-mobility-for-people-with-sub-acute-stroke-a-phase-ii-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Gillian D Baer, Lisa G Salisbury, Mark T Smith, Jane Pitman, Martin Dennis
OBJECTIVE: This phase II study investigated the feasibility and potential effectiveness of treadmill training versus normal gait re-education for ambulant and non-ambulant people with sub-acute stroke delivered as part of normal clinical practice. DESIGN: A single-blind, feasibility randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Four hospital-based stroke units. SUBJECTS: Participants within three months of stroke onset. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to treadmill training (minimum twice weekly) plus normal gait re-education or normal gait re-education only (control) for up to eight weeks...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726492/does-cognition-specific-computer-training-have-better-clinical-outcomes-than-non-specific-computer-training-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ji-Hyuk Park, Jin-Hyuck Park
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate differences between non-specific computer training (NCT) and cognition-specific computer training (CCT). DESIGN: Randomized controlled experimental study. SETTING: Local community welfare center. SUBJECTS: A total of 78 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were randomly assigned to the NCT ( n = 39) or CCT group ( n = 39). INTERVENTION: The NCT group underwent NCT using Nintendo Wii for improving functional performance, while the CCT group underwent CCT using CoTras for improving function of the cognitive domain specifically...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719981/the-mental-representation-of-the-human-gait-in-patients-with-severe-knee-osteoarthrosis-a-clinical-study-to-aid-understanding-of-impairment-and-disability
#15
Robert Jacksteit, Anett Mau-Moeller, Martin Behrens, Rainer Bader, Wolfram Mittelmeier, Ralf Skripitz, Tino Stöckel
OBJECTIVE: Objectives were (1) to explore differences in gait-specific long-term memory structures and gait performance between knee osteoarthrosis patients and healthy subjects and (2) to identify the extent to which the gait-specific mental representation is associated with gait performance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: In total, 18 knee osteoarthrosis patients and 18 control subjects. METHODS: Spatio-temporal (gait speed, step length) and temporophasic (stance time, swing time, single support time, total double support time) gait parameters and gait variability were measured with an electronic walkway (OptoGait)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719977/the-efficacy-of-interactive-motion-capture-based-rehabilitation-on-functional-outcomes-in-an-inpatient-stroke-population-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
John Cannell, Emelyn Jovic, Amy Rathjen, Kylie Lane, Anna M Tyson, Michele L Callisaya, Stuart T Smith, Kiran Dk Ahuja, Marie-Louise Bird
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of novel interactive, motion capture-rehabilitation software to usual care stroke rehabilitation on physical function. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Two subacute hospital rehabilitation units in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: In all, 73 people less than six months after stroke with reduced mobility and clinician determined capacity to improve. INTERVENTIONS: Both groups received functional retraining and individualized programs for up to an hour, on weekdays for 8-40 sessions (dose matched)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715939/surgical-versus-non-operative-treatment-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Bing-Lin Chen, Jia-Bao Guo, Hong-Wei Zhang, Ya-Jun Zhang, Yi Zhu, Juan Zhang, Hao-Yu Hu, Yi-Li Zheng, Xue-Qiang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of surgical versus non-operative treatment on the physical function and safety of patients with lumbar disc herniation. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, EBSCO, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database were searched from initiation to 15 May 2017. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials that evaluated surgical versus non-operative treatment for patients with lumbar disc herniation were selected...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714343/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-combined-self-management-and-exercise-intervention-for-elderly-people-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-the-ple-2-no-program
#18
Priscila Marconcin, Margarida Espanha, Júlia Teles, Paulo Bento, Pedro Campos, Rui André, Flávia Yázigi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a 12-week self-management and exercise intervention (the PLE(2)NO program) in elderly individuals with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Four different community settings. SUBJECTS: Eighty individuals aged 60 years or older with clinical and radiographic knee osteoarthritis enrolled in the study. INTERVENTION: A combined self-management and exercise intervention (treatment group) and an educational intervention (control group)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714342/a-multicentre-study-of-how-goal-setting-is-practised-during-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#19
Sarah Plant, Sarah F Tyson
OBJECTIVE: To describe goal-setting during inpatient stroke rehabilitation. DESIGN: There were two stages: an electronic questionnaire for multidisciplinary teams and an analysis of goal-setting documentation for rehabilitation patients. SETTING: Five inpatient stroke units. PARTICIPANTS: Staff involved in goal-setting and patients undergoing stroke rehabilitation. RESULTS: A total of 13 therapists and 49 patients were recruited, and 351 documented goals were examined...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691532/is-the-effect-of-coping-styles-disease-specific-relationships-with-emotional-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-acquired-brain-injury-and-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Ingrid Brands, Yvonne Bol, Sven Stapert, Sebastian Köhler, Caroline van Heugten
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of coping styles and the relationships linking coping to emotional distress and quality of life in patients with acquired brain injury and multiple sclerosis. METHOD: Cross-sectional cohort study of 143 patients with acquired brain injury and 310 patients with multiple sclerosis in the chronic stage. Quality of life was measured with the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LiSat-9), coping styles with the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS-T, task-oriented; CISS-E, emotion-oriented; CISS-A, avoidance), emotional distress with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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