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Clinical Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523990/why-do-patients-decline-participation-in-offered-pulmonary-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#1
Helle Mathar, Pernille Fastholm, Peter Lange, Niels Sandholm Larsen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to produce insight in the explanations for declining pulmonary rehabilitation given by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. SETTING: The participants were recruited from a hospital in Denmark, among patients hospitalized due to an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and among stable patients attending an outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who decline participation in offered pulmonary rehabilitation, who speak Danish, who are able to give informed consent and to participate in a 1-hour interview...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523989/effects-of-exercise-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-following-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Natalie Teresa D'Isabella, Daria Alex Shkredova, Julie Anne Richardson, Ada Tang
OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to investigate the effects of exercise-based interventions on cardiovascular risk factors in individuals with stroke or transient ischemic attack. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched from inceptions to 28 December 2016. REVIEW METHODS: Randomized controlled trials were included that involved exercise with or without other interventions, included participants of any age, with diagnosis of transient ischemic attack or stroke, at any stage of severity or time period following the event, and reported cardiovascular risk factor outcomes...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523988/myofascial-techniques-have-no-additional-beneficial-effects-to-a-standard-physical-therapy-programme-for-upper-limb-pain-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
An De Groef, Marijke Van Kampen, Nele Vervloesem, Sophie De Geyter, Marie-Rose Christiaens, Patrick Neven, Lore Vos, Tessa De Vrieze, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of myofascial techniques, in addition to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain shortly after breast cancer surgery. DESIGN: Double-blinded (patient and assessor) randomized controlled trial with two groups. SETTING: University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium Patients: A total of 147 patients with unilateral axillary clearance for breast cancer. INTERVENTION: All participants received a standard physical therapy programme starting immediately after surgery for four months...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523987/six-month-effects-of-early-or-delayed-provision-of-an-ankle-foot-orthosis-in-patients-with-sub-acute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Corien Dm Nikamp, Jaap H Buurke, Job van der Palen, Hermie J Hermens, Johan S Rietman
OBJECTIVE: To study the six-month clinical effects of providing ankle-foot orthoses at different moments (early or delayed) in (sub)acute stroke; this is a follow-up to a published trial. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation centre. SUBJECTS: Unilateral hemiparetic stroke subjects maximal six weeks post-stroke with indication for ankle-foot orthosis use. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomly assigned to early (at inclusion; week 1) or delayed provision (eight weeks later; week 9)...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516810/the-role-of-meaning-in-life-mediating-the-effects-of-perceived-knowledge-of-stroke-on-depression-and-life-satisfaction-among-stroke-survivors
#5
Esther Ow Chow
OBJECTIVE: Meaning-making is a way of coping when facing adverse events. A paucity of literature suggests other possible factors (e.g. delivery of knowledge) can influence how chronic illness survivors (i.e. stroke survivors in rehabilitation) cope with illness. This article explores the importance and significance of meaning in life as a mediator between perceived stroke knowledge and psychological wellbeing among stroke survivors and how such processes can be applied in practice to promote their psychological wellbeing...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511591/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-signs-of-depression-scale-with-a-revised-scoring-mechanism-in-stroke-patients-with-communicative-impairment
#6
Mariska J van Dijk, Janneke M de Man-van Ginkel, Thóra B Hafsteinsdóttir, Marieke J Schuurmans
OBJECTIVES: To investigate (1) the diagnostic value of the Signs of Depression Scale (SODS) in a Likert scale format and (2) whether the Likert scale improves the diagnostic value compared with the original dichotomous scale. DESIGN: Cross-sectional multicentre study. SETTING: One general and one university hospital in the Netherlands. SUBJECTS: A total of 116 consecutive hospitalized stroke patients, of whom 53 were patients with communicative impairment...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466685/commentary-on-horst-r-et-al-activity-vs-structural-oriented-treatment-approach-for-frozen-shoulder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466669/measurement-of-confidence-the-development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-stroke-specific-measure-of-confidence
#8
Jane C Horne, Nadina B Lincoln, Pip A Logan
OBJECTIVE: To design, develop and psychometrically evaluate a stroke-specific measure of confidence, the Confidence after Stroke Measure (CaSM). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Adults in the community. PARTICIPANTS: Stroke survivors and healthy elderly participants. METHODS: Questionnaire items were generated based on the literature and qualitative interviews and piloted with expert groups to establish face validity...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459184/embedding-an-enriched-environment-in-an-acute-stroke-unit-increases-activity-in-people-with-stroke-a-controlled-before-after-pilot-study
#9
Ingrid Cm Rosbergen, Rohan S Grimley, Kathryn S Hayward, Katrina C Walker, Donna Rowley, Alana M Campbell, Suzanne McGufficke, Samantha T Robertson, Janelle Trinder, Heidi Janssen, Sandra G Brauer
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether an enriched environment embedded in an acute stroke unit could increase activity levels in acute stroke patients and reduce adverse events. DESIGN: Controlled before-after pilot study. SETTING: An acute stroke unit in a regional Australian hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Acute stroke patients admitted during (a) initial usual care control period, (b) an enriched environment period and (c) a sustainability period...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459163/effects-of-mirror-therapy-combined-with-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-motor-recovery-of-lower-limbs-and-walking-ability-of-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Qun Xu, Feng Guo, Hassan M Abo Salem, Hong Chen, Xiaolin Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of mirror therapy combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation in promoting motor recovery of the lower limbs and walking ability in patients suffering from foot drop after stroke. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation center of a teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Sixty-nine patients with foot drop. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly divided into three groups: control, mirror therapy, and mirror therapy + neuromuscular electrical stimulation...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459161/acupuncture-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial-comparing-treatment-session-numbers
#11
Lizhou Liu, Margot A Skinner, Suzanne M McDonough, G David Baxter
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial investigating the optimal number of treatment sessions of acupuncture, used as an adjunct to usual care, for managing chronic low back pain. METHODS: In total, 45 participants with chronic low back pain were recruited and randomly allocated to receive usual care plus 4, 7, or 10 sessions of acupuncture (15/group). Primary outcomes were recruitment rate, randomization rate, treatment compliance, completion of the outcome measures, and retention rates...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459155/managing-mobility-outcomes-in-vulnerable-seniors-mmoves-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#12
Sabrina Figueiredo, Jose A Morais, Nancy Mayo
OBJECTIVE: To estimate feasibility and potential for efficacy of an individualized, exercise-focused, self-management program (i.e. Managing Mobility Outcomes In Vulnerable Seniors ( MMOVeS)), in comparison to exercise information in improving mobility after six months among seniors recently discharged from hospital. DESIGN: Randomized pilot study. SETTING: Two McGill University-teaching hospitals. SUBJECTS: Community dwelling seniors, aged 70 years and older, recently discharged from either participating hospitals...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438034/changes-in-physical-activity-following-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-a-matched-case-control-study-from-the-epic-norfolk-cohort
#13
Toby Smith, Thomas Withers, Robert Luben, Catherine Sackley, Andy Jones, Alex MacGregor
OBJECTIVE: To assess self-reported physical activity changes pre- compared to post-operatively in patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty, and to compare this to an age- and gender-matched cohort of people who have not undergone arthroplasty. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Norfolk, United Kingdom. SUBJECTS: People who had undergone hip or knee arthroplasty, compared to an age- and gender-matched non-arthroplasty cohort...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393551/imitation-based-aphasia-therapy-increases-narrative-content-a-case-series
#14
E Susan Duncan, Steven L Small
OBJECTIVE: To test the generalization of an intensive imitation-based aphasia therapy to an unrelated narrative production task. DESIGN: ABA design study (A= no treatment; B= treatment) comparing imitation therapy to a baseline condition (pre-therapy). Participants produced narratives at two pre-therapy and two post-therapy time points. Narratives were analyzed for correct information units to determine the number and percent of communicative words produced. SETTING: A rehabilitation clinic and participants' homes...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378600/addition-of-non-invasive-ventilatory-support-to-combined-aerobic-and-resistance-training-improves-dyspnea-and-quality-of-life-in-heart-failure-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Hugo Souza Bittencourt, Cristiano Gonçalves Cruz, Bruno Costa David, Erenaldo Rodrigues, Camille Magalhães Abade, Roque Aras Junior, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho, Francisco Borges Faria Dos Reis, Mansueto Gomes Neto
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that combined aerobic and resistance training and non-invasive ventilatory support result in additional benefits compared with combined aerobic and resistance training alone in heart failure patients. DESIGN: A randomized, single-blind, controlled study. SETTING: Cardiac rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 46 patients with New York Heart Association class II/III heart failure were randomly assigned to a 10-week program of combined aerobic and resistance training, plus non-invasive ventilatory support ( n = 23) or combined aerobic and resistance training alone ( n = 23)...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351168/long-term-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-additional-core-stability-exercises-training-for-improving-dynamic-sitting-balance-and-trunk-control-in-stroke-patients
#16
Rosa Cabanas-Valdés, Caritat Bagur-Calafat, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés, Fernanda Mª Caballero-Gómez, Helena du Port de Pontcharra-Serra, Ana German-Romero, Gerard Urrútia
OBJECTIVE: Analyse the effect of core stability exercises in addition to conventional physiotherapy training three months after the intervention ended. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient services. SUBJECTS: Seventy-nine stroke survivors. INTERVENTIONS: In the intervention period, both groups underwent conventional physiotherapy performed five days/week for five weeks, and in addition the experimental group performed core stability exercises for 15 minutes/day...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349703/comparative-effectiveness-of-botulinum-toxin-versus-non-surgical-treatments-for-treating-lateral-epicondylitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Yu-Ching Lin, Wei-Ting Wu, Yu-Chun Hsu, Der-Sheng Han, Ke-Vin Chang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effectiveness of botulinum toxin compared with non-surgical treatments in patients with lateral epicondylitis. METHODS: Data sources including PubMed, Scopus, Embase and Airity Library from the earliest record to February 2017 were searched. Study design, patients' characteristics, dosage/brand of botulinum toxin, injection techniques, and measurements of pain and hand grip strength were retrieved. The standardized mean differences (SMDs) in pain relief and grip strength reduction were calculated at the following time points: 2-4, 8-12, and 16 weeks or more after injection...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343442/effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-management-of-shoulder-subluxation-post-stroke-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#18
Jae-Hyoung Lee, Lucinda L Baker, Robert E Johnson, Julie K Tilson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for the management of shoulder subluxation after stroke including assessment of short (1 hour or less) and long (more than one hour) daily treatment duration. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, WOS, KoreaMed, RISS and reference lists from inception to January 2017 Review methods: We considered randomized controlled trials that reported neuromuscular electrical stimulation for the treatment of shoulder subluxation post-stroke...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343441/an-investigation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-cantonese-version-of-subjective-index-of-physical-and-social-outcome-sipso
#19
Patrick Wh Kwong, Shamay Sm Ng, Gabriel Yf Ng
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were 1) to translate and make cultural adaptations to the English version of the SIPSO questionnaire to create a Chinese (Cantonese) version, 2) evaluate the internal consistency, test-retest reliability the C-SIPSO questionnaire, and 3) compare the SIPSO-C scores of stroke survivors with different demographic characteristics to establish the discriminant validity of the questionnaire Design: Translation of questionnaire, cross sectional study. SETTING: University-based clinical research laboratory...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343440/early-interventions-to-promote-work-participation-in-people-with-regional-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Andy Cochrane, Niamh M Higgins, Oliver FitzGerald, Pamela Gallagher, Jennifer Ashton, Oriel Corcoran, Deirdre Desmond
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of early multidisciplinary interventions in promoting work participation and reducing work absence in adults with regional musculoskeletal pain. DATA SOURCES: Seven databases (CENTRAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, OT Seeker, PEDro; 1990 to December 2016) were searched for eligible studies. REVIEW METHODS: Trials were included if they reported on work-based outcomes for participants experiencing difficulties at work or ≤ three months' sick leave...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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