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Clinical Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714343/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-combined-self-management-and-exercise-intervention-for-elderly-people-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-the-ple-2-no-program
#1
Priscila Marconcin, Margarida Espanha, Júlia Teles, Paulo Bento, Pedro Campos, Rui André, Flávia Yázigi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a 12-week self-management and exercise intervention (the PLE(2)NO program) in elderly individuals with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Four different community settings. SUBJECTS: Eighty individuals aged 60 years or older with clinical and radiographic knee osteoarthritis enrolled in the study. INTERVENTION: A combined self-management and exercise intervention (treatment group) and an educational intervention (control group)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714342/a-multicentre-study-of-how-goal-setting-is-practised-during-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#2
Sarah Plant, Sarah F Tyson
OBJECTIVE: To describe goal-setting during inpatient stroke rehabilitation. DESIGN: There were two stages: an electronic questionnaire for multidisciplinary teams and an analysis of goal-setting documentation for rehabilitation patients. SETTING: Five inpatient stroke units. PARTICIPANTS: Staff involved in goal-setting and patients undergoing stroke rehabilitation. RESULTS: A total of 13 therapists and 49 patients were recruited, and 351 documented goals were examined...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691532/is-the-effect-of-coping-styles-disease-specific-relationships-with-emotional-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-acquired-brain-injury-and-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Ingrid Brands, Yvonne Bol, Sven Stapert, Sebastian Köhler, Caroline van Heugten
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of coping styles and the relationships linking coping to emotional distress and quality of life in patients with acquired brain injury and multiple sclerosis. METHOD: Cross-sectional cohort study of 143 patients with acquired brain injury and 310 patients with multiple sclerosis in the chronic stage. Quality of life was measured with the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LiSat-9), coping styles with the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS-T, task-oriented; CISS-E, emotion-oriented; CISS-A, avoidance), emotional distress with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660785/non-elastic-taping-but-not-elastic-taping-provides-benefits-for-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Jin-Han Ouyang, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Wen-Yen Hsu, Yen-Ting Cho, Tsan-Hon Liou, Yen-Nung Lin
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether therapeutic taping, which includes elastic (Kinesio tape) and non-elastic (Leukotape) taping, is superior to control taping in improving pain and functions for patients with knee arthritis. To understand whether both elastic and non-elastic taping are beneficial. METHODS: We searched the PubMed and Scopus databases from their earliest record to 31 May 2017 for randomized controlled and cross-over studies that used taping to treat knee osteoarthritis...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653547/assessment-of-mood-in-aphasia-following-stroke-validation-of-the-dynamic-visual-analogue-mood-scales-d-vams
#5
Paul D Barrows, Shirley A Thomas
OBJECTIVES: To validate a non-verbal self-report measure of mood - the Dynamic Visual Analogue Mood Scales (D-VAMS) - against the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and assess its suitability as an outcome measure or screening measure for depressed mood following stroke. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-six stroke survivors (24% with aphasia) recruited from online, from stroke clubs and via an NHS rehabilitation service...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643570/home-based-neurologic-music-therapy-for-arm-hemiparesis-following-stroke-results-from-a-pilot-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Alexander J Street, Wendy L Magee, Andrew Bateman, Michael Parker, Helen Odell-Miller, Jorg Fachner
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial to evaluate music therapy as a home-based intervention for arm hemiparesis in stroke. DESIGN: A pilot feasibility randomized controlled trial, with cross-over design. Randomization by statistician using computer-generated, random numbers concealed in opaque envelopes. SETTING: Participants' homes across Cambridgeshire, UK. SUBJECTS: Eleven people with stroke and arm hemiparesis, 3-60 months post stroke, following discharge from community rehabilitation...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633534/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-improves-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure-on-continuous-intravenous-inotropic-support-use-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Patrícia Forestieri, Douglas W Bolzan, Vinícius B Santos, Rita Simone Lopes Moreira, Dirceu Rodrigues de Almeida, Renata Trimer, Flávio de Souza Brito, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Antonio Carlos de Camargo Carvalho, Ross Arena, Walter J Gomes, Solange Guizilini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a short-term neuromuscular electrical stimulation program on exercise tolerance in hospitalized patients with advanced heart failure who have suffered an acute decompensation and are under continuous intravenous inotropic support. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SUBJECTS: Initially, 195 patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure were recruited, but 70 were randomized. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized into two groups: control group subject to the usual care ( n = 35); neuromuscular electrical stimulation group ( n = 35) received daily training sessions to both lower extremities for around two weeks...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629270/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-modified-wheelchair-arm-support-to-reduce-shoulder-pain-in-stroke-patients
#8
Ruihuan Pan, Mingchao Zhou, Hao Cai, Youhua Guo, Lechang Zhan, Mei Li, Zhijing Yang, Leying Zhu, Jie Zhan, Hongxia Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of modified wheelchair arm-support to mitigate hemiplegic shoulder pain and reduce pain frequency in stroke patients. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial using computer-generated simple randomization. SETTING: Participants recruited from inpatients at the Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine. SUBJECTS: A total of 120 patients with stroke were divided into two groups...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629269/aquatic-obstacle-training-improves-freezing-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Zhizhong Zhu, Miaomiao Yin, Liling Cui, Ying Zhang, Weijia Hou, Yaqing Li, Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of aquatic obstacle training on balance parameters in comparison with a traditional aquatic therapy in patients with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: A randomized single-blind controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatients in the rehabilitation department. SUBJECTS: A total of 46 patients with Parkinson's disease in Hoehn-Yahr stage 2-3. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to (1) aquatic therapy or (2) obstacle aquatic therapy...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629268/comparing-the-effect-of-cawthorne-cooksey-and-frenkel-exercises-on-balance-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ardashir Afrasiabifar, Fatemeh Karami, Shahla Najafi Doulatabad
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Cawthorne-Cooksey and Frenkel exercises on balance in patients with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: It was a three-arm parallel randomized controlled trial study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS: Patients with multiple sclerosis. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects in the intervention groups completed a 12-week program consisted of Cawthorne-Cooksey or Frenkel exercises...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610442/the-effect-of-a-corrective-functional-exercise-program-on-postural-thoracic-kyphosis-in-teenagers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Qiang Feng, Mei Wang, Yanfeng Zhang, Yu Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a corrective functional exercise program on postural thoracic kyphosis in teenagers in China. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial including students with a thoracic kyphosis angle (TKA) >40° measured using the SpinalMouse. SETTING: China Institute of Sport Science and three middle schools in Beijing, China. SUBJECTS: A total of 181 subjects were included in this trial; of these, 164 subjects were included in the analyses (intervention group, n = 81; control group, n = 83)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604084/an-initial-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-german-promis-v1-2-physical-function-item-bank-in-patients-with-a-wide-range-of-health-conditions
#12
Gregor Liegl, Matthias Rose, Helena Correia, H Felix Fischer, Sibel Kanlidere, Annett Mierke, Alexander Obbarius, Sandra Nolte
OBJECTIVES: To translate the PROMIS Physical Function (PF) item bank version 1.2 into German and to investigate psychometric properties of resulting full bank and seven derived short forms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional psychometric study. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient clinics of the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine at Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany. SUBJECTS: A total of 10 adult patients with various chronic diseases participated in cognitive debriefing interviews...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580801/effectiveness-and-safety-of-wheelchair-skills-training-program-in-improving-the-wheelchair-skills-capacity-a-systematic-review
#13
Chun-Jing Tu, Lin Liu, Wei Wang, He-Ping Du, Yu-Ming Wang, Yan-Bing Xu, Ping Li
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively assess the effectiveness and safety of wheelchair skills training program in improving wheelchair skills capacity. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, OVID, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database were searched up to March 2017. METHODS: Controlled clinical trials that compared a wheelchair skills training program with a control group that received other interventions and used the wheelchair skills test scores to evaluate wheelchair skills capacity were included...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580791/a-study-of-predictive-validity-responsiveness-and-minimal-clinically-important-difference-of-arm-accelerometer-in-real-world-activity-of-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#14
Hao-Ling Chen, Keh-Chung Lin, Yu-Wei Hsieh, Ching-Yi Wu, Rong-Jiuan Liing, Chia-Ling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive validity, responsiveness, and minimal clinically important difference of arm accelerometer in real-world activity of patients with chronic stroke. DESIGN: Validation and psychometric study. SETTING: Three medical centers. SUBJECTS: Patients with chronic stroke came from three separated randomized controlled trials. INTERVENTIONS: Patients with stroke received upper extremity rehabilitation programs for four weeks...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580790/one-year-functional-outcomes-following-major-trauma-experience-of-a-uk-level-1-major-trauma-centre
#15
Wail Ahmed, Rupali Alwe, Derick Wade
OBJECTIVE: To pilot a method for routine outcome data collection one year after admission to a major trauma centre, to determine current outcomes, and to identify possible methodological improvements. DESIGN: A postal questionnaire audit. SETTING: A major trauma centre in the United Kingdom. SUBJECTS: In total, 355 patients known to be alive 12 months after admission with major trauma (Injury Severity Score (ISS) of 9 or more)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547999/a-long-term-self-managed-handwriting-intervention-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-the-control-group-of-a-phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Johnny Collett, Marloes Franssen, Charlotte Winward, Hooshang Izadi, Andy Meaney, Wala Mahmoud, Marko Bogdanovic, Martin Tims, Derick Wade, Helen Dawes
OBJECTIVE: To report on the control group of a trial primarily designed to investigate exercise for improving mobility in people with Parkinson's disease (pwP). The control group undertook a handwriting intervention to control for attention and time spent practising a specific activity. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a two-arm parallel phase II randomized controlled trial with blind assessment. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: PwP able to walk ⩾100 m and with no contraindication to exercise were recruited from the Thames Valley, UK, and randomized (1:1) to exercise or handwriting, via a concealed computer-generated list...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523990/why-do-patients-decline-participation-in-offered-pulmonary-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#17
Helle Mathar, Pernille Fastholm, Peter Lange, Niels Sandholm Larsen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to produce insight in the explanations for declining pulmonary rehabilitation given by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. SETTING: The participants were recruited from a hospital in Denmark, among patients hospitalized due to an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and among stable patients attending an outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who decline participation in offered pulmonary rehabilitation, who speak Danish, who are able to give informed consent and to participate in a 1-hour interview...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523989/effects-of-exercise-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-following-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Natalie Teresa D'Isabella, Daria Alex Shkredova, Julie Anne Richardson, Ada Tang
OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to investigate the effects of exercise-based interventions on cardiovascular risk factors in individuals with stroke or transient ischemic attack. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched from inceptions to 28 December 2016. REVIEW METHODS: Randomized controlled trials were included that involved exercise with or without other interventions, included participants of any age, with diagnosis of transient ischemic attack or stroke, at any stage of severity or time period following the event, and reported cardiovascular risk factor outcomes...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523988/myofascial-techniques-have-no-additional-beneficial-effects-to-a-standard-physical-therapy-programme-for-upper-limb-pain-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
An De Groef, Marijke Van Kampen, Nele Vervloesem, Sophie De Geyter, Marie-Rose Christiaens, Patrick Neven, Lore Vos, Tessa De Vrieze, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of myofascial techniques, in addition to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain shortly after breast cancer surgery. DESIGN: Double-blinded (patient and assessor) randomized controlled trial with two groups. SETTING: University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium Patients: A total of 147 patients with unilateral axillary clearance for breast cancer. INTERVENTION: All participants received a standard physical therapy programme starting immediately after surgery for four months...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523987/six-month-effects-of-early-or-delayed-provision-of-an-ankle-foot-orthosis-in-patients-with-sub-acute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Corien Dm Nikamp, Jaap H Buurke, Job van der Palen, Hermie J Hermens, Johan S Rietman
OBJECTIVE: To study the six-month clinical effects of providing ankle-foot orthoses at different moments (early or delayed) in (sub)acute stroke; this is a follow-up to a published trial. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation centre. SUBJECTS: Unilateral hemiparetic stroke subjects maximal six weeks post-stroke with indication for ankle-foot orthosis use. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomly assigned to early (at inclusion; week 1) or delayed provision (eight weeks later; week 9)...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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