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Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523514/from-bench-to-bedside-no-need-to-be-nervous-about-microsuturing
#1
Benjamin K Potter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523513/erratum-to-high-interspecimen-variability-in-engagement-of-the-anterolateral-ligament-an-in-vitro-cadaveric-study
#2
Robert N Kent, James F Boorman-Padgett, Ran Thein, Jelle P van der List, Danyal H Nawabi, Thomas L Wickiewicz, Carl W Imhauser, Andrew D Pearle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512691/complete-circumferential-osseous-extension-in-the-acetabular-rim-occurs-regardless-of-acetabular-coverage
#3
Keisuke Watarai, Fumihiko Kimura, Yuho Kadono, Yoon Taek Kim, Mamoru Niitsu, Hiromi Oda, Hirohiko Azuma
BACKGROUND: Complete circumferential osseous extension in the acetabular rim has been reported to occur in the deep hip with pincer impingement. However, this phenomenon occasionally is observed in dysplastic hips without pincer impingement, and the degree to which this finding might or might not be associated with hip pain, and how often it occurs bilaterally among patients, are not well characterized. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) To determine the proportion of patients with complete circumferential osseous extension in the acetabular rim using three-dimensional (3-D) CT in patients with and without hip pain who had CT scans obtained for various reasons...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497375/pearls-clinical-application-of-ranawat-s-sign
#4
Thomas J Blumenfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493217/what-is-the-mid-term-failure-rate-of-revision-acl-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#5
Alberto Grassi, Christopher Kim, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Stefano Zaffagnini, Annunziato Amendola
BACKGROUND: When anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction fails, a revision procedure may be performed to improve knee function, correct instability, and allow return to activities. The results of revision ACL reconstruction have been reported to produce good but inferior patient-reported and objective outcomes compared with primary ACL reconstruction, but the degree to which this is the case varies widely among published studies and may be influenced by heterogeneity of patients, techniques, and endpoints assessed...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488254/corr-insights-%C3%A2-sonication-of-arthroplasty-implants-improves-accuracy-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection-cultures
#6
Martin Clauss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488253/increase-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-projected-from-2014-to-2046-in-australia-a-conservative-local-model-with-international-implications
#7
Maria C S Inacio, Stephen E Graves, Nicole L Pratt, Elizabeth E Roughead, Szilard Nemes
BACKGROUND: The incidence of joint arthroplasty is increasing worldwide. International estimates of future demand for joint arthroplasty have used models that propose either an exponential future increase, despite obvious system constraints, or static increases, which do not account for past trends. Country-specific projection estimates that address limitations of past projections are necessary. In Australia, a high-income country with the 7th highest incidence of TKA and 15th highest incidence of THA of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, the volume of TKAs and THAs increased 198% between 1994 and 2014...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477147/high-interspecimen-variability-in-engagement-of-the-anterolateral-ligament-an-in-vitro-cadaveric-study
#8
REVIEW
Robert N Kent, James F Boorman-Padgett, Ran Thein, Jelle P van der List, Danyal H Nawabi, Thomas L Wickiewicz, Carl W Imhauser, Andrew D Pearle
BACKGROUND: Anterolateral ligament (ALL) reconstruction as an adjunct to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remains a subject of clinical debate. This uncertainty may be driven in part by a lack of knowledge regarding where, within the range of knee motion, the ALL begins to carry force (engages). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Does the ALL engage in the ACL-intact knee; and (2) where within the range of anterior tibial translation occurring in the ACL-sectioned knee does the ALL engage? METHODS: A robotic manipulator was used to measure anterior tibial translation, ACL forces, and ALL forces in 10 fresh-frozen cadaveric knees (10 donors; mean age, 41 ± 16 years; range, 20-64 years; eight male) in response to applied multiplanar torques...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474152/free-vascularized-fibular-grafting-improves-vascularity-compared-with-core-decompression-in-femoral-head-osteonecrosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Lu Cao, Changan Guo, Jifei Chen, Zenggan Chen, Zuoqin Yan
BACKGROUND: Management of osteonecrosis of the femoral head remains challenging. Core decompression and free vascularized fibular grafting are commonly used surgical procedures for treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Few studies, however, have compared these two procedures in a randomized controlled study, in terms of improved vascularity of the femoral head, progression of disease, or hip scores. QUESTION/PURPOSES: (1) What is the effect of core decompression and fibular grafting on vascularity of the femoral head as measured by single-photon emission CT (SPECT)/CT? (2) Does one of these two methods lead to greater progression of Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) stage as determined by serial MRI? (3) What is the relationship between the change in vascularity of the femoral head and hip function as measured by the Harris hip score (HHS) and progression to THA as an endpoint? METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed between June 2010 and October 2012 at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University...
May 4, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470377/gendered-innovations-in-orthopaedic-science-standing-on-the-shoulders-of-igiants
#10
Alexandra E Page
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462460/combined-administration-of-ascs-and-bmp-12-promotes-an-m2-macrophage-phenotype-and-enhances-tendon-healing
#11
Richard H Gelberman, Stephen W Linderman, Rohith Jayaram, Anna D Dikina, Shelly Sakiyama-Elbert, Eben Alsberg, Stavros Thomopoulos, Hua Shen
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after intrasynovial tendon repair are highly variable. An intense inflammatory cascade followed by a delayed healing response can cause adhesion formation and repair-site failure that severely impair the function of repaired digits. No effective remedies exist to fully address these issues. Cell- and growth factor-based therapies have been shown to modulate inflammation and improve cell proliferation and matrix synthesis and therefore are promising treatment approaches for intrasynovial tendon repair...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462459/editor-s-spotlight-take-5-vancomycin-prophylaxis-for-total-joint-arthroplasty-incorrectly-dosed-and-has-a-higher-rate-of-periprosthetic-infection-than-cefazolin
#12
EDITORIAL
M Daniel Wongworawat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455730/knee-abduction-affects-greater-magnitude-of-change-in-acl-and-mcl-strains-than-matched-internal-tibial-rotation-in-vitro
#13
Nathaniel A Bates, Rebecca J Nesbitt, Jason T Shearn, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injures incur over USD 2 billion in annual medical costs and prevention has become a topic of interest in biomechanics. However, literature conflicts persist over how knee rotations contribute to ACL strain and ligament injury. To maximize the efficacy of ACL injury prevention, the effects of underlying mechanics need to be better understood. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We applied robotically controlled, in vivo-derived kinematic stimuli to the knee to assess ligament biomechanics in a cadaver model...
April 28, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455729/corr-insights-%C3%A2-can-a-three-component-prosthesis-be-used-for-conversion-of-painful-ankle-arthrodesis-to-total-ankle-replacement
#14
Andrew Haskell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455728/editorial-getting-the-most-from-what-you-read-in-orthopaedic-journals
#15
EDITORIAL
Seth S Leopold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451864/prolotherapy-induces-an-inflammatory-response-in-human-tenocytes-in-vitro
#16
Emmanuel C Ekwueme, Mahir Mohiuddin, Jazmin A Yarborough, P Gunnar Brolinson, Denitsa Docheva, Hugo A M Fernandes, Joseph W Freeman
BACKGROUND: Proliferative therapy, or prolotherapy, is a controversial treatment method for many connective tissue injuries and disorders. It involves the injection of a proliferant, or irritant solution, into the site of injury, which causes small-scale cell death. This therapeutic trauma is theorized to initiate the body's wound-healing cascade, perhaps leading to tissue repair. The immediate effects of many of these proliferants are poorly characterized, as are the cellular responses to them; here, we sought to evaluate the immediate effects of two common proliferants (dextrose and P2G, a combination of phenol, glucose, and glycerin) on the cellular response of human tenocytes, and begin to explicate the mechanisms with which each proliferant functions...
April 27, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451863/variations-in-knee-kinematics-after-acl-injury-and-after-reconstruction-are-correlated-with-bone-shape-differences
#17
Drew A Lansdown, Valentina Pedoia, Musa Zaid, Keiko Amano, Richard B Souza, Xiaojuan Li, C Benjamin Ma
BACKGROUND: The factors that contribute to the abnormal knee kinematics after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and ACL reconstruction remain unclear. Bone shape has been implicated in the development of hip and knee osteoarthritis, although there is little knowledge about the effects of bone shape on knee kinematics after ACL injury and after ACL reconstruction. QUESTIONS/QUESTIONS: (1) What is the relationship between bony morphology with alterations in knee kinematics after ACL injury? (2) Are baseline bone shape features related to abnormal knee kinematics at 12 months after ACL reconstruction? METHODS: Thirty-eight patients (29 ± 8 years, 21 men) were prospectively followed after acute ACL injury and before ligamentous reconstruction...
April 27, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451862/corr-insights-%C3%A2-what-is-the-long-term-economic-societal-effect-of-periprosthetic-infections-after-tha-a-markov-analysis
#18
Don C Beringer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447194/residency-diary-my-second-year-november-2016-december-2016
#19
Lisa G M Friedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444585/corr-insights-%C3%A2-prediction-of-polyethylene-wear-rates-from-gait-biomechanics-and-implant-positioning-in-total-hip-replacement
#20
Stephen Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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