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Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780398/absence-of-serum-anti-nmdar-antibodies-in-anti-nmdar-encephalitis-mother-predicts-having-healthy-newborn
#1
Akihiro Ueda, Ryunosuke Nagao, Toshiki Maeda, Kouichi Kikuchi, Kenichiro Murate, Yoshiki Niimi, Sayuri Shima, Tatsuro Mutoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772171/factors-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-perioperative-cardiac-arrest-in-emergent-and-elective-craniotomy-and-spine-surgery
#2
Timothy D Quinn, Ethan Y Brovman, Linda S Aglio, Richard D Urman
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac arrest following neurosurgery is a devastating complication associated with significant postoperative morbidity and mortality. There are no published studies that have used a large and robust multicenter database to specifically examine demographic and surgical risk factors associated with cardiac arrests following craniotomy and spine surgeries, respectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database for the period between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2013, focusing on cardiac arrest associated with craniotomy and spine surgery from the intraoperative period to 30days after surgery...
July 25, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763693/validation-of-simplified-fabs-scale-to-predict-stroke-mimics-in-a-chinese-population-undergoing-intravenous-thrombolysis
#3
Xiaoming Qin, Songyao Zhao, Liujie Yin, Hailing Dou, Jing Fu, Yifan Wang, Mingzhe Li, Ruifang Chen, Jie Chen, Wei Liu, Gaiqing Yang, Xin Liu, Runqing Wang, Xinzhou Jia, Shufang Bu, Dongpu Ma, Baoyu Wang, Shize Li
OBJECTIVES: A large number of suspected stroke patients undergoing intravenous thrombolysis are stroke mimics (SMs). In this study, we sought to revise the FABS scale for screening and stratifying SMs from acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in a Chinese stroke population receiving fibrinolytic therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The simplified FABS (sFABS) scale includes 4 items with 1 point for each item present: absence of facial droop, negative history of atrial fibrillation, age <50years, systolic blood pressure <150mm Hg at presentation...
July 25, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622584/stmn1-as-a-candidate-gene-associated-with-atypical-meningioma-progression
#4
Haiyu Liu, Ye Li, Yunbo Li, Lixiang Zhou, Li Bie
OBJECTIVES: Meningiomas are the most common type of primary intracranial tumor. Atypical meningiomas are especially difficult to manage due to frequent disease recurrence. This study aimed to examine the role of stathmin (coded by the gene STMN1) as a factor in atypical meningioma recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 59 sporadic atypical meningioma formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples were collected. The mRNA levels of the biomarker gene STMN1 were tested using quantitative RT-PCR...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600075/corrigendum-to-optic-nerve-sheath-fenestration-for-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-a-seven-year-review-of-visual-outcomes-in-a-tertiary-centre-clin-neurol-neurosurg-137-october-2015-94-101
#5
E E Obi, B K Lakhani, J Burns, R Sampath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641177/a-30-year-history-of-mpan-case-from-russia
#6
M Selikhova, E Fedotova, S Wiethoff, L V Schottlaender, S Klyushnikov, S N Illarioshkin, H Houlden
We present a patient with progressive spastic ataxia, with dystonia and anarthria undiagnosed until detailed genetic analysis revealed an MPAN mutation. Highlighting the worldwide MPAN distribution, a 30year history of absent diagnosis and the impact and cost saving of an early but detailed genetic analysis in complex progressive movement disorders, particularly the anarthric NBIA group.
June 2, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582689/the-impact-of-white-matter-lesions-on-the-cognitive-outcome-of-subthalamic-nucleus-deep-brain-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
J Blume, M Lange, E Rothenfusser, C Doenitz, U Bogdahn, A Brawanski, J Schlaier
OBJECTIVES: White Matter lesions (WML) are a risk factor for cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease. There is no clear evidence of reduced general cognitive function after DBS. However, a subgroup of patients develops dementia rapidly after DBS despite careful patient selection processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the load of WML as a possible risk factor for cognitive decline following STN DBS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 40 PD-patients receiving bilateral STN-DBS were followed at least three years after surgery to detect dementia...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582688/a-simplified-pressure-adjustment-clinical-pathway-for-programmable-valves-in-nph-patients
#8
Tracy S Ma, Nikhil Sharma, M Sean Grady
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to provide a clinical pathway for shunt valve adjustment in the treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) patients. PATIENT AND METHODS: The authors conducted a single-center retrospective study of 102 patients (mean age 74 years, 66 men, 36 women) diagnosed with NPH. In all cases, a Medtronic Strata Adjustable Pressure valve set initially at 1.5 was implanted. Outcome was based on the clinical status of the patient at the last contact point with the senior author...
May 30, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759887/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-angiography-for-blunt-vertebral-artery-injury-detection-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Georgios P Karagiorgas, Alexandros G Brotis, Theofanis Giannis, Christos D Rountas, Katerina G Vassiou, Kostas N Fountas, Eftychia Z Kapsalaki
The role of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in the evaluation of patients with blunt vertebral artery has not been fully established. Our aim is to define the diagnostic accuracy of MRA in comparison to digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for the detection of blunt vertebral artery injury in trauma patients. A computer-assisted literature search of the PubMed, Scopus, Highwire, Web of Science, and LILACS was conducted, in order to identify studies reporting on the sensitivity and specificity of MRA in comparison to DSA for the detection of blunt vertebral artery injury in trauma patients...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750360/brain-and-skull-base-mri-findings-in-patients-with-ollier-maffucci-disease-a-series-of-12-patient-cases
#10
Emmanuel Mandonnet, Philippe Anract, Elisabeth Martin, Thomas Roujeau, Giannantonio Spena, Valérie Cormier-Daire, Hugues Duffau, Genneviève Baujat
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence rate of silent cranial and intracranial lesions in a series of Ollier-Maffucci patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cerebral MRI was routinely performed in Ollier-Maffucci patients followed-up in our tertiary centers. Patients with previous history of skull base or intracranial tumors were excluded from the study. Clinical and radiological datas were retrospectively collected. The occurrence rate and nature of abnormal cerebral MRIs were determined...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734235/characterization-of-cognitive-performance-and-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-htlv-1
#11
Liliana Raulino Goncalves, Leopoldo Nelson Fernandes Barbosa, Paula Machado Ribeiro Magalhaes, Pedro Augusto Sampaio Rocha-Filho
OBJECTIVE: To characterize cognitive alterations among patients with HTLV-1, ascertain what is associated with these alterations and evaluate these patients' quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Patients infected by HTLV-1 who were seen at the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital from March 2014 to June 2015 were included in the study. A semi-structured questionnaire and the Mini-Mental State Examination, Color Trails Test, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF36) were used...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734234/association-of-primary-central-nervous-system-vasculitis-with-the-presence-of-specific-human-leucocyte-antigen-gene-variant
#12
Markus Kraemer, Jana Becker, Peter A Horn, Jan Claudius Schwitalla, Kathy Keyvani, Imke Metz, Christiane Wegner, Wolfgang Brück, Marc Schlamann, Falko M Heinemann, Peter Berlit
OBJECTIVES: The etiology and genetic susceptibility of primary central nervous system vasculitis (PCNSV) are still unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the DNA of 25 Caucasian patients with PCNSV for human leucocyte antigen genes HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-DRB1, and HLA-DQB1, respectively. HLA-frequencies of the 25 patients with PCNSV were compared with HLA-frequencies of matched Caucasian controls. RESULTS: No statistically significant associations were found for HLA-B, HLA-DR1 and HLA-DQB1 variant...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727996/efficacy-and-safety-of-one-stage-posterior-hemivertebral-resection-for-unbalanced-multiple-hemivertebrae-a-more-than-2-year-follow-up
#13
Yong Huang, Ganjun Feng, Yueming Song, Limin Liu, Chunguang Zhou, Lei Wang, Zhongjie Zhou, Xi Yang
OBJECTIVE: One-stage posterior hemivertebral resection has been proven to be an effective, reliable surgical option for treating congenital scoliosis due to a single hemivertebra. To date, however, no studies of treating unbalanced multiple hemivertebrae have appeared. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of one-stage posterior hemivertebral resection for unbalanced multiple hemivertebrae. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Altogether, we studied 15 patients with unbalanced multiple hemivertebrae who had undergone hemivertebral resection using the one-stage posterior approach with at least 2 years of follow-up...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727995/physician-perceptions-about-living-organ-donation-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#14
S Ansari, M B Bromberg, S B Gibson
OBJECTIVES: Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) have expressed desire to become living organ donors but are unable to do so with current organ donation policies. Our objective is to assess ALS patient's interest in organ donation, and perceived concerns of this practice by ALS neurologists. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An electronic survey was administered to ALS neurologists across the United States regarding living organ donation in ALS patients prior to respiratory failure...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719872/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-total-disc-replacement-a-comparison-with-the-general-population
#15
Pablo Clavel, Gheorghe Ungureanu, Ignasi Catalá, Guillermo Montes, Xavier Málaga, Moisés Ríos
OBJECTIVES: In up to half of the cases, low back pain (LBP) is thought to be related to a degeneration of the lumbar disc. Lumbar total disc replacement (LTDR) emerged as an alternative to fusion, but its use and indications are still subject to debate. The purpose of this paper was to compare Health-related Quality of life (HRQOL) in patients undergoing LTDR for one or two-level degenerative disc disease (DDD) with the paired age and gender general population values and to assess functional disability and residual pain at one year after the surgical procedure...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719871/optic-neuritis-in-pregnancy-after-tdap-vaccination-report-of-two-cases
#16
Jose M Cabrera-Maqueda, Rocio Hernández-Clares, Ana E Baidez-Guerrero, Julian Ignacio Bermúdez Pío-Rendón, Jose J Martín Fernández
Two pregnant women developed one-eye blurring vision within three weeks after Tdap vaccination. Neurophtalmologic and MR examination confirmed an unilateral optic neuritis without evidence of underlying disease. Both patients had a full recovery, one after intravenous metilprednisolone. This is the first report of optic neuritis related with Tdap vaccination in pregnancy.
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715708/the-evaluation-of-brain-perfusion-spect-using-an-easy-z-score-imaging-system-in-the-mild-cognitive-impairment-subjects-with-brain-amyloid-%C3%AE-deposition
#17
Makoto Takemaru, Noriyuki Kimura, Yoshitake Abe, Megumi Goto, Etsuro Matsubara
OBJECTIVE: The analysis of (99)mTc-ECD single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images using the easy Z-score imaging system (eZIS) program is useful for the diagnosis of early AD in daily medical practice. However, it remains unclear whether eZIS analysis can identify the amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subjects with brain amyloid-β deposition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of an eZIS analysis for predicting amnestic MCI subjects with brain amyloid β deposition...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709008/iatrogenic-b12-deficient-peripheral-neuropathy-following-nitrous-oxide-administration-for-functional-tonic-leg-spasm-a-case-report
#18
Diego Kaski, Prateek Kumar, Elaine Murphy, Thomas T Warner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709007/a-patient-with-childhood-onset-aggressive-parasomnia-diagnosed-50-years-later-with-idiopathic-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-a-history-of-sleepwalking
#19
Junying Zhou, Bing Liang, Lina Du, Lu Tan, Xiangdong Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704781/impacts-of-egfr-mutation-and-egfr-tkis-on-incidence-of-brain-metastases-in-advanced-non-squamous-nsclc
#20
Bao-Xiao Wang, Wei Ou, Xiao-Yong Mao, Zui Liu, Hui-Qi Wu, Si-Yu Wang
OBJECTIVE: Brain metastases remain lethal in lung cancer patients. The impacts of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations and EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) on the incidence of brain metastases in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are still uncertain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1672 patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC with a definitive report on EGFR mutation status between January 2005 and June 2013 were retrospectively analyzed...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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