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Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781909/pain-management-in-athletes-with-impairment-a-narrative-review-of-management-strategies
#1
Lara Grobler, Wayne Derman, Cheri A Blauwet, Sean Chetty, Nick Webborn, Babette Pluim
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature related to different treatment strategies for the general population of individuals with amputation, spinal cord injury, and cerebral palsy, as well as how this may impact pain management in a correlated athlete population. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was performed linking pain with terms related to different impairment types. MAIN RESULTS: There is a paucity in the literature relating to treatment of pain in athletes with impairment; however, it is possible that the treatment strategies used in the general population of individuals with impairment may be translated to the athlete population...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781908/musculoskeletal-injury-in-paddle-sport-athletes
#2
Andrew R Griffin, Diana M Perriman, Teresa M Neeman, Paul N Smith
INTRODUCTION: Kayak racing has been an Olympic sport since 1936. The sport is evolving with the introduction of ocean skis and stand-up-paddle boards (SUP). Musculoskeletal injury incidence surveys have been conducted for ultra-marathon events, but no data have been published for other racing formats. OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare the rates and types of injuries sustained by paddling athletes as a function of discipline and training parameters in Sprint, Marathon, Ultra-Marathon, and Ocean events...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781907/novel-interventions-for-recalcitrant-achilles-tendinopathy-benefits-seen-following-high-volume-image-guided-injection-or-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Patrick C Wheeler, Chloe Tattersall
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes for patients with chronic noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy following extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and high-volume image-guided injection (HVIGI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital-based Sports Medicine Outpatient Clinic. PATIENTS: Sixty-three consecutive patients with chronic noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy, treated with ESWT (n = 22) or HVIGI (n = 41), with minimum 3-month follow-up...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771750/injectable-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-sport
#4
Matthew J Matava
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this article is to review the basic science of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), their clinical effects, indications, potential complications, and ethical issues associated with the use of injectable NSAIDs in the treatment of athletes. These objectives are presented taking into consideration the contemporaneous issues associated with the treatment of amateur and professional athletes. DATA SOURCES: A nonformal review of the published medical literature and lay media focusing on the use of injectable NSAIDs in athletes was used for this article...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727359/implementation-of-injury-and-illness-surveillance-protocols-in-varsity-athletes
#5
Alexander Shand Davis Gamble, Margo Lynn Mountjoy, Jessica Lynne Bigg, Lawrence Leon Spriet
OBJECTIVE: To develop and implement a prospective varsity athlete surveillance system to identify injury and illness trends in a multisport varsity-level university setting. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective surveillance study. SETTING: Varsity-level sport program at the University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Athletic therapists (ATs) (n = 35) from 17 varsity sports provided injury and illness information on 624 varsity-level athletes (381 men and 243 women) during the 2016/2017 competitive season...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708889/in-response-to-cancers-of-the-esophagus-and-stomach-potential-mechanisms-behind-the-beneficial-influence-of-physical-activity
#6
Jon Calvin Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708888/urine-reagent-strips-are-inaccurate-for-assessing-hypohydration-a-brief-report
#7
J D Adams, Catalina Capitan-Jiménez, Robert A Huggins, Douglas J Casa, Andy Mauromoustakos, Stavros A Kavouras
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic ability of urine reagent strips to identify hypohydration based on urine specific gravity (USG). DESIGN: This study examined the agreement of USG between strips and refractometry with Bland-Altman, whereas the diagnostic ability of the strips to assess hypohydration was performed by receiver operating characteristic analysis. SETTING: Arkansas high school football preseason practice. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred fourteen fresh urine samples were analyzed...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642095/efficacy-of-intra-articular-polynucleotides-associated-with-hyaluronic-acid-versus-hyaluronic-acid-alone-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Dante Dallari, Giacomo Sabbioni, Nicolandrea Del Piccolo, Chiara Carubbi, Francesca Veronesi, Paola Torricelli, Milena Fini
OBJECTIVE: Pain and range of motion loss are the main clinical features of osteoarthritis (OA). Hyaluronic acid (HA) is one of the infiltrative therapies for OA treatment; however, its effectiveness is a matter of an ongoing debate in clinical practice. Polynucleotides (PNs), a DNA-derived macromolecule with natural origin and trophic activity, were found to favor cell growth and collagen production, in preclinical and clinical studies regarding cartilage regeneration. This study aimed at evaluating whether injection of PNs, in combination with HA [PNs associated with HA (PNHA)], can ameliorate pain and function of knees affected by OA, more than HA alone...
April 10, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634653/cross-sectional-investigation-of-self-reported-concussions-and-reporting-behaviors-in-866-adolescent-rugby-union-players-implications-for-educational-strategies
#9
Mark Beakey, Mark Roe, Stephen Tiernan, Brian Keenan, Kieran Collins
OBJECTIVE: To examine the self-recalled concussion and bell ringer (BR) prevalence, reporting rates, and reporting behaviors in adolescent rugby players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: School classroom. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescent male rugby players aged 12 to 18 years (n = 866). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Concussion and BR prevalence, reporting rates, and reporting behaviors. RESULTS: The sample reported a concussion and BR prevalence rate of 40% and 69...
April 9, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634652/etiology-of-sudden-cardiac-arrest-and-death-in-us-competitive-athletes-a-2-year-prospective-surveillance-study
#10
Danielle F Peterson, David M Siebert, Kristen L Kucera, Leah Cox Thomas, Joseph J Maleszewski, Martha Lopez-Anderson, Monica Z Suchsland, Kimberly G Harmon, Jonathan A Drezner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the etiology of sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) in competitive athletes through a prospective national surveillance program. DESIGN: Sudden cardiac arrest and death cases in middle school, high school, college, and professional athletes were identified from July 2014 to June 2016 through traditional and social media searches, reporting to the National Center for Catastrophic Sports Injury Research, communication with state and national high school associations, review of the Parent Heart Watch database, and search of student-athlete deaths on the NCAA Resolutions List...
April 9, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634651/clinical-outcome-after-lateral-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-in-an-adolescent-baseball-player-a-case-report
#11
Michael G Saper, James R Andrews
Lateral ulnar collateral ligament (LUCL) reconstruction is a commonly used surgical procedure to treat posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI) of the elbow. We report a 17-year-old right-handed pitcher with symptomatic PLRI after an injury to his LUCL during a baseball game. Having failed 8 months of conservative treatment, a LUCL reconstruction using the modified O'Driscoll technique was performed with the contralateral gracilis autograft. At 5-year follow-up, an excellent patient-reported outcome was achieved and the patient continued to play baseball at the recreational level...
April 9, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621017/exertional-medial-compartment-syndrome-of-the-foot-referred-pain-and-sequelae-of-delayed-diagnosis-a-case-report
#12
Young Hwan Park, Jeong Hwan Ahn, Gi Won Choi, Hak Jun Kim
In a 31-year-old man, the diagnosis of medial compartment syndrome of foot was delayed for 8 days. In contrast to previously reported cases, the patient presented with mainly bilateral lateral thigh-referred pain rather than foot pain. Although delayed decompression of the medial compartment provided dramatic relief of the referred pain, the patient complained of sensory deficit at the medial side of the foot and flexion deformity of the great toe at the final follow-up visit. Medial compartment syndrome of the foot can cause referred pain, and delayed or missed diagnosis can cause irreversible damage...
April 4, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621016/impact-normative-data-of-ethnically-diverse-adolescent-athletes
#13
William T Tsushima, Vincent G Tsushima, Nathan M Murata
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to develop preliminary norms for the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) administered to a large sample of adolescent athletes from diverse ethnic backgrounds. DESIGN: A retrospective records review. SETTING: Middle and high school athletic departments. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 5741 male and female adolescent athletes in Hawaii, aged 13 to 18 years, in grades 9 to 12 were included in the study...
April 4, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621015/hamstring-muscle-injury-prediction-by-isokinetic-ratios-depends-on-the-method-used
#14
Marc Dauty, Pierre Menu, Alban Fouasson-Chailloux
OBJECTIVES: Hamstring muscle injury prediction by isokinetic strength ratios is low but could result from the method-depending either on the use of the limbs or of the sportsmen as references. We aimed to establish a predictive model including unilateral and bilateral ratios calculated from the dominant, nondominant, right, and left limb in injured and uninjured professional soccer players. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Soccer team of the French Professional Premier League...
April 4, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620578/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-isprint-a-sport-injury-prevention-program-in-junior-high-schools
#15
Sarah A Richmond, Alex Donaldson, Alison Macpherson, William Bridel, Carla van den Berg, Caroline F Finch, Brent Hagel, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: Sport injury is the leading cause of hospitalization in Canadian youth and represents a high burden to the health care system. This study aims to describe the facilitators and barriers to implementation of a sport injury prevention program in junior high school physical education (known as iSPRINT), previously shown to reduce the risk of sport-related injury in youth (age, 11-15 years). METHODS: Focus group data were mapped onto constructs from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620577/methods-of-identifying-limb-dominance-in-adolescent-female-basketball-players-implications-for-clinical-and-biomechanical-research
#16
Colleen R Mulrey, Sandra J Shultz, Kevin R Ford, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Jeffrey B Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To identify relationships between self-reported limb preferences and performance measures for determining limb dominance in adolescent female basketball players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty adolescent female basketball players. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants provided self-reported preferred kicking and jumping limbs, then completed 3 trials of a single-limb countermovement hop (HOPVER) and unilateral triple hop for distance (HOPHOR) on each limb...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620580/do-initial-symptom-factor-scores-predict-subsequent-impairment-following-concussion
#17
Paul E Cohen, Alicia Sufrinko, Robert J Elbin, Michael W Collins, Aaron M Sinnott, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: Symptom factors present during the first week following concussion may predict subsequent concussion outcomes and recovery duration. We hypothesized that a high loading on cognitive-fatigue-migraine and somatic factors would be predictive of neurocognitive impairment following concussion. We also hypothesized that the affective factor would be related to vestibular symptoms and impairment. DESIGN: Prospective repeated measures. SETTING: Concussion specialty clinic...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620579/how-useful-is-the-flexion-adduction-internal-rotation-test-for-diagnosing-femoroacetabular-impingement-a-systematic-review
#18
Ajaykumar Shanmugaraj, Jaymee R Shell, Nolan S Horner, Andrew Duong, Nicole Simunovic, Soshi Uchida, Olufemi R Ayeni
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians use the flexion, adduction, and internal rotation (FADIR) test in the diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). However, the diagnostic utility of this test remains unclear. The purpose of this review was to determine the utility of the FADIR test in diagnosing FAI. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched using relevant key terms and study screening was performed in duplicate. Patient demographics, diagnostic imaging, and summary measures (eg sensitivity, specificity, etc...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601350/in-response-to-impact-of-crossfit-related-spinal-injuries
#19
Rodrigo L de Almeida, Victor G Carvalho, Frederico Ribeiro Neto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601349/factors-associated-with-self-reported-concussion-history-in-middle-school-athletes
#20
Douglas P Terry, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Nathan E Cook, Bruce A Maxwell, Ross Zafonte, Tad Seifert, Noah D Silverberg, Paul D Berkner, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: Identifying personal characteristics associated with sustaining a concussion is of great interest, yet only a few have examined this in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between sex, neurodevelopmental disorders, health history, and lifetime history of self-reported concussion in 12- and 13-year-old athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Middle schools. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 1744 twelve- and thirteen-year-old student athletes who completed preseason Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) testing, including a self-report questionnaire about previous concussions, developmental diagnoses, and previous medical treatment...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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