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Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015637/effects-of-exercise-on-sport-concussion-assessment-tool-third-edition-performance-in-women
#1
Jean-Paul Chung Pin Yong, Jin H Lee, David R Howell, William P Meehan, Grant L Iverson, Andrew J Gardner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a brief exercise protocol on Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-Third Edition (SCAT3) performance in amateur women athletes. DESIGN: Cross-over repeated-measures design. SETTING: Off-season, uninjured community amateur athletes. PARTICIPANTS: We examined 87 amateur women athlete volunteers (age = 29.9, SD = 6.9 years). INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Participants were assessed using the SCAT3 under 2 conditions: at rest and after a 5-minute physical exertion protocol, completed in a counterbalanced order...
July 13, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015636/a-case-series-and-literature-review-isolated-traumatic-first-rib-fracture-in-athletes
#2
Britt Marcussen, Matthew Negaard, Robert G Hosey, Milton Kyle Smoot
OBJECTIVE: To present a case series of 14 isolated traumatic first rib fractures sustained in sport and review the literature on clinical presentation, mechanism of injury, diagnosis, and management of sport-related traumatic first rib fractures. DESIGN: We compiled a series of isolated traumatic first rib fractures seen in 2 Division 1-associated sports medicine clinics. We also performed a literature search for additional publications of isolated traumatic first rib fractures in sport...
July 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995671/revisiting-arthroscopic-partial-meniscectomy-for-degenerative-tears-in-knees-with-mild-or-no-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Seung Hoon Lee, O-Sung Lee, Sung Taeck Kim, Yong Seuk Lee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) for symptomatic degenerative meniscal tear (DMT) in knees with mild or no osteoarthritis. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were systematically searched. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) English language, (2) randomized controlled trial (RCT), (3) comparison between APM and other treatment modalities as a primary objective, and (4) complete DMT in knees with mild or no osteoarthritis...
June 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995670/preventing-exercise-associated-collapse-using-online-runner-education-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
David M Worley, Colleen M Renier, Theo A Woehrle, Steven D Stovitz, Benjamin D Nelson
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether online exercise-associated collapse (EAC) prevention education decreases medical tent EAC visits among first-time marathoners. DESIGN: A prospective controlled study, with age- and sex-stratified randomization, evaluated rates of medical tent diagnosed EAC among runners randomized to the intervention group and intervention participants, compared with a control group. SETTING: Grandma's Marathon Medical Tent in Duluth, MN, June 2016...
June 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952843/concussion-rates-differ-by-practice-type-and-equipment-worn-in-an-autonomy-five-collegiate-football-conference
#5
Erin B Wasserman, Mark Coberley, Scott Anderson, Murphy Grant, James Allen Hardin
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the rate of concussions across Big 12 Conference football programs based on (1) equipment worn, (2) contact level, (3) preseason practice versus in-season practice versus games, and (4) mechanism of injury for concussion. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Big 12 Conference football practices and competitions. PATIENTS (OR PARTICIPANTS): Big 12 Conference football teams. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: All Big 12 Conference institutions collected data on practice types, equipment worn, practice and game participation, and concussions during the fall, preseasons and regular seasons, from 2013 to 2016...
June 26, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952840/management-of-pain-in-elite-athletes-identified-gaps-in-knowledge-and-future-research-directions
#6
David A Zideman, Wayne Derman, Brian Hainline, G Lorimer Moseley, John Orchard, Babette M Pluim, Christian H Siebert, Judith A Turner
OBJECTIVE: For elite athletes to train and compete at peak performance levels, it is necessary to manage their pain efficiently and effectively. A recent consensus meeting on the management of pain in elite athletes concluded that there are many gaps in the current knowledge and that further information and research is required. This article presents the crystallization of these acknowledged gaps in knowledge. DATA SOURCES: Information was gathered from a wide variety of published scientific sources that were reviewed at the consensus meeting and the gaps in knowledge identified...
June 26, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952839/enhanced-external-counterpulsation-and-recovery-from-a-plyometric-exercise-bout
#7
Pedro L Valenzuela, Zigor Montalvo, Elaia Torrontegi, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Alejandro Lucia, Pedro de la Villa
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effectiveness of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) on recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). DESIGN: This study followed a crossover, placebo-controlled, counterbalanced design. PARTICIPANTS: Ten healthy active subjects (7 male; 27 ± 4 years). INTERVENTIONS: Participants performed a plyometric exercise bout (10 sets of 10 jumps interspersed with 1-minute rests) and were then assigned to recover for 30 minutes with either EECP (cuff pressure = 80 mm Hg) or a Sham intervention (0 mm Hg) immediately after exercise and at 24 hours after exercise...
June 26, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952838/the-precision-survey-preferences-of-physicians-regarding-ultrasound-guided-intra-articular-injections
#8
Seper Ekhtiari, Nolan S Horner, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R Ayeni
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this survey study were to: (1) determine practice patterns, (2) assess beliefs and attitudes toward ultrasound-guided intra-articular injections (UGIIs), (3) identify barriers to the use of UGII, and (4) determine any differences in beliefs and attitudes based on age or specialty. METHODS: A survey was developed using a focus group including physicians who perform intra-articular injections of the knee, shoulder, and/or hip. After validation by the focus group, the final survey (28 questions) was e-mailed to members of the Canadian Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine (N = 632)...
June 26, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952837/preparticipation-cardiovascular-screening-an-infrastructure-assessment-in-collegiate-athletics
#9
Justin J Conway, Brett G Toresdahl, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif
OBJECTIVE: To assess the available infrastructure for secondary testing after preparticipation cardiovascular screening of collegiate athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletic programs PARTICIPANTS:: Team physicians. INTERVENTIONS: Online survey distributed by the NCAA and American Medical Society for Sports Medicine. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Availability of secondary cardiovascular diagnostic testing and services...
June 26, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952842/association-between-clinical-and-imaging-outcomes-after-therapeutic-loading-exercise-in-patients-diagnosed-with-achilles-or-patellar-tendinopathy-at-short-and-long-term-follow-up-a-systematic-review
#10
Lucas M Rabello, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Michel S Brink, Mario Maas, Ron L Diercks, Johannes Zwerver
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between clinical and imaging outcomes after therapeutic loading exercise in Achilles tendinopathy (AT) and patellar tendinopathy (PT) populations at both short- and long-term follow-up. DATA SOURCES: The PUBMED and EMBASE databases were searched (up to June 2017) to identify articles that meet the inclusion criteria: (1) patients diagnosed with AT (insertional or midportion) or PT; (2) rehabilitation based on therapeutic loading exercise; and (3) assessment of clinical outcomes and tendon structure using an imaging modality...
June 25, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952841/sway-balance-mobile-application-reliability-acclimation-and-baseline-administration
#11
Nishit Mummareddy, Benjamin L Brett, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: To describe historic baseline session administration practices, to assess the utility of a practice trial (an acclimation trial) before the official balance session, and to examine the within-session reliability of the Sway Balance Mobile Application (SBMA). DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Middle schools, high schools, and colleges across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: More than 17 000 student-athletes were included in the Sway Medical database with 7968 individuals meeting this study's inclusion criteria...
June 25, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944515/novel-factors-associated-with-analgesic-and-anti-inflammatory-medication-use-in-distance-runners-pre-race-screening-among-76-654-race-entrants-safer-study-vi
#12
Adrian Rotunno, Martin P Schwellnus, Sonja Swanevelder, Esme Jordaan, Dina C Janse Van Rensburg, Wayne Derman
OBJECTIVE: Analgesic/anti-inflammatory medication (AAIM) increases the risk of medical complications during endurance races. We determined how many runners use AAIM before or during races, AAIM types, and factors associated with AAIM use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: 21.1-km and 56-km races. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-six thousand six hundred fifty-four race entrants. METHODS: Participants completed pre-race medical screening questions on AAIM use, running injury or exercise-associated muscle cramping (EAMC) history, and general medical history...
June 22, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944514/pseudonormalization-of-the-typical-electrocardiography-repolarization-pattern-of-a-black-athlete
#13
Mina Dehghani Mohammadabadi, Winnie Chan, Pavel Antiperovitch, Ifrah Abdirahman, Benedict Glover, Adrian Baranchuk
Cardiac repolarization of black athletes has a distinctive pattern. During an episode of pericarditis, this pattern may evolve into a "pseudonormalized" electrocardiography (ECG). On resolution of the pericardial inflammation, the ECG may return to the normal variant for a black athlete, sounding the alarms of extended disease to the myocardium. Recognizing the normal variant for a black athlete will reduce the need for unnecessary further testing or treatments. The case is discussed in detail.
June 22, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933284/reasons-for-prescription-opioid-use-while-playing-in-the-national-football-league-as-risk-factors-for-current-use-and-misuse-among-former-players
#14
Eugene M Dunne, Catherine W Striley, Zachary L Mannes, Breton M Asken, Nicole E Whitehead, Linda B Cottler
OBJECTIVE: Prescription opioid misuse has become a significant public health issue. Previous research has examined predictors of prescription opioid use and misuse among former National Football League (NFL) players. The present study aimed to describe how reasons for prescription opioid use while in the NFL corresponds to use and misuse in retirement. DESIGN: Former NFL players reporting prescription opioid use during their playing careers (N = 336) were included in this secondary data analysis...
June 22, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933283/injectable-corticosteroids-in-sport
#15
Nathan P Olafsen, Stanley A Herring, John W Orchard
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature guiding all aspects of the use of injectable corticosteroids for painful musculoskeletal conditions, with a focus on the treatment of athletes. DATA SOURCES: An extensive search of the literature was completed including search terms of corticosteroid, steroid, athlete, and injection, among others. Additional articles were used after being identified from previously reviewed articles. MAIN RESULTS: Injections of corticosteroids for a variety of painful conditions of the extremities and the axial spine have been described...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933282/concussion-symptom-profiles-among-child-adolescent-and-young-adult-athletes
#16
David R Howell, Peter Kriz, Rebekah C Mannix, Tyler Kirchberg, Christina L Master, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine how age influences initial symptom presentation following concussion; and (2) to determine whether specific symptom profiles are associated with duration of postconcussion symptoms, and whether they vary by age group. DESIGN: A total of 689 patients (20% children 7-12 years of age, 69% adolescents 13-18 years of age, and 11% young adults 19-30 years of age) were seen and diagnosed with a concussion within 21 days after injury. Patients completed the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) and were followed until they no longer required care...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933281/differences-in-postinjury-psychological-symptoms-between-collegiate-athletes-with-concussions-and-orthopedic-injuries
#17
Jinhong Guo, Jingzhen Yang, Honggang Yi, Bhavna Singichetti, Despina Stavrinos, Corinne Peek-Asa
OBJECTIVE: To describe the differences in postinjury psychological symptoms among Division I collegiate student athletes who sustained concussions versus orthopedic injures and to examine the effects of injury type on postinjury psychological symptoms during the course of recovery. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study with repeated measures. SETTING: Two Big 10 Conference universities. PARTICIPANTS: Student athletes who were at least 18 years old and participated in one of 9 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I-sponsored sports during the 2007 to 2011 seasons...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933280/reliability-of-objective-eye-tracking-measures-among-healthy-adolescent-athletes
#18
David R Howell, Anna N Brilliant, Christina L Master, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the test-retest correlation of an objective eye-tracking device among uninjured youth athletes. DESIGN: Repeated-measures study. SETTING: Sports-medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy youth athletes (mean age = 14.6 ± 2.2 years; 39% women) completed a brief, automated, and objective eye-tracking assessment. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Participants completed the eye-tracking assessment at 2 different testing sessions...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933279/meta-analysis-of-the-surgical-and-rehabilitative-outcomes-of-hip-arthroscopy-in-athletes-with-femoroacetabular-impingement
#19
Danielle Lovett-Carter, Amritpal S Jawanda, Ailish Hannigan
OBJECTIVES: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) poses a threat to athletes' capacity to compete. This review aims to estimate the rate of return to sport after hip arthroscopy for treatment of FAI as well as identify factors that may affect athletes' outcomes. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: Four databases (EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane) were searched in July 2015 by 2 reviewers. Studies were required to include athletes who were treated with hip arthroscopy for symptomatic FAI and also report return to sport as an outcome...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933278/personality-and-risk-taking-in-sports-a-focus-on-unintentional-and-intentional-head-impacts-in-amateur-soccer-players
#20
Cara F Levitch, Chloe Ifrah, Mimi Kim, Walter F Stewart, Richard B Lipton, Molly E Zimmerman, Michael L Lipton
OBJECTIVE: In soccer, unintentional and intentional (heading) head impacts are associated with concussive symptoms and cognitive dysfunction. We examined whether personality traits were associated with these behaviors in soccer players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants completed study visits at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. A total of 307 adult amateur soccer players, recruited from New York City and the surrounding area, completed 737 HeadCount-2w questionnaires...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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