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Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239422/a-preliminary-study-of-the-effect-of-early-aerobic-exercise-treatment-for-sport-related-concussion-in-males
#1
John J Leddy, Mohammad N Haider, Andrea L Hinds, Scott Darling, Barry S Willer
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of early prescribed aerobic exercise versus relative rest on rate of recovery in male adolescents acutely after sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design. SETTING: University sports medicine centers. PARTICIPANTS: Exercise group (EG, n = 24, 15.13 ± 1.4 years, 4.75 ± 2.5 days from injury) and rest group (RG, n = 30, 15.33 ± 1.4 years, 4.50 ± 2.1 days from injury)...
September 19, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212399/concussion-history-reporting-behaviors-attitudes-and-knowledge-in-jockeys
#2
Siobhán OʼConnor, Giles Warrington, Grainne Whelan, Adrian McGoldrick, SarahJane Cullen
OBJECTIVE: To examine concussion history, knowledge, and attitudes among Irish professional and amateur jockeys. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Questionnaire was distributed through e-mails sent to all licensed jockeys, over social media and during professional and amateur race meetings. PARTICIPANTS: An average of 23.6% (12%-44%) Irish professional and amateur jockeys (n = 119) holding a license in 2017. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Jockeys reported their previous concussion history, actions after their most recent concussion and responded to questions examining their knowledge and attitudes toward concussion...
August 30, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169345/reply
#3
Breanne E Kunstler, Jill L Cook, Nicole Freene, Caroline F Finch, Joanne L Kemp, Paul D OʼHalloran, James E Gaida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169344/analysis-of-4-years-of-injury-in-professional-rodeo
#4
Amanda J Sinclair Elder, Collin J Nilson, Craig L Elder
OBJECTIVE: To analyze injury frequency, density, location, type, mechanism of injury (MOI), activity phase of injury, and injury risk in professional rodeo. DESIGN: Retrospective epidemiological review. SETTING: Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association sanctioned rodeos from 2011 to 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association competitors competing in bull riding, bareback riding, saddle bronc riding, team roping, tie-down roping, and steer wrestling...
August 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169347/a-simplified-prediction-model-for-lower-extremity-long-bone-stress-injuries-in-male-endurance-running-athletes
#5
Aaron F Carbuhn, Zack Sanchez, Andrew C Fry, Matthew R Reynolds, Lawrence M Magee
OBJECTIVE: Develop a prediction model for lower extremity long bone injuries (LBIs) in male endurance running athletes using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Sports medicine department in a university athletic setting. PARTICIPANTS: National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division 1 white male endurance athletes (n = 27). INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Backward stepwise elimination was used to achieve a model that predicts LBI, by removing noncontributory variables (P > 0...
August 28, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169346/return-to-competition-after-surgery-for-herniated-lumbar-disc-in-professional-football-players
#6
Fabrizio Tencone, Marco Alessandro Minetto, Luca Tomaello, Alessandro Giannini, Giulio Sergio Roi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and outcomes of surgery for lumbar disc herniation in professional football players. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Sports rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: A period of 10 seasons of the Italian Football First League (Serie A) was retrospectively investigated. Thirty-three teams (for a total of 1960 players) took turns in the 10 seasons, and 42 team doctors were requested to provide information about the number of players who underwent surgery for lumbar disc herniation...
August 28, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119084/american-football-players-in-preseason-training-at-risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-without-signs-of-rhabdomyolysis
#7
Jon G Divine, Joseph F Clark, Angelo J Colosimo, John P Detherage, Michael A Donaworth, Kimberly A Hasselfeld, Aaron Himmler, Joseph T Rauch, Robert E Mangine
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to identify changes in blood biomarkers that would indicate excessive muscle breakdown during the initial 10 days of preseason training in collegiate American football players and subsequently increase their risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Preseason, heat acclimatization period. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five Division I American football players...
August 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119086/is-it-time-to-give-athletes-a-voice-in-the-dissemination-strategies-of-concussion-related-information-exploratory-examination-of-2444-adolescent-athletes
#8
Mark Beakey, Brian Keenan, Stephen Tiernan, Kieran Collins
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the research was to screen male and female adolescent athletes on their concussion educational histories and preferred future methods of education in terms of educational messenger, modality, and concussion-related areas of interest. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Examination setting within the classroom. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescent male (n = 1854) and female (n = 590) athletes aged 12 to 18 years...
August 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119085/sport-preparticipation-screening-for-asymptomatic-atlantoaxial-instability-in-patients-with-down-syndrome
#9
Christopher Tomlinson, Alastair Campbell, Alison Hurley, Eoin Fenton, Neil Heron
Down syndrome (DS) is a clinical syndrome comprising typical facial features and various physical and intellectual disabilities due to extra genetic material on chromosome 21, with one in every 1000 babies born in the United Kingdom affected. Patients with Down syndrome are at risk of atlantoaxial instability (AAI). Although AAI can occur in other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, this position statement deals specifically with patients with DS and asymptomatic AAI. Atlantoaxial instability, also referred to as atlantoaxial subluxation, is defined as increased movement between the first (atlas) and second (axial) cervical vertebra joint articulation, the atlantoaxial joint...
August 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113969/normative-data-for-the-sway-balance-system
#10
Benjamin L Brett, Scott L Zuckerman, Douglas P Terry, Gary S Solomon, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: Static balance, postural stability, and reaction time are commonly impaired after a sport-related concussion. The Sway Balance System assesses postural sway (ie, stability) and simple reaction time using the triaxial accelerometer built into iOS mobile devices. The purpose of this study was to provide normative data for children and adolescents and to examine for age and sex differences on the Sway Balance System. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Middle and high schools across the United States...
August 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113968/evaluation-of-muscle-injuries-in-professional-football-players-does-coach-replacement-affect-the-injury-rate
#11
Gürhan Dönmez, Savaş Kudaş, Mehmet Yörübulut, Murat Yıldırım, Naila Babayeva, Şerife Şeyma Torgutalp
OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence and characteristics of muscle injuries in professional football players and to assess if coach dismissal may be related with muscle injuries within 1-month period from the dismissal. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study during 3 consecutive seasons. SETTING: Turkish Super League football teams. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighteen male football players. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Data on time-loss muscle injuries confirmed using magnetic resonance imaging were recorded, including type, body part, duration, and lay-off time, and training session and match exposure times...
August 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113967/concussion-in-adolescents-impairs-heart-rate-response-to-brief-handgrip-exercise
#12
Emilie Woehrle, Alexandra B Harriss, Kolten C Abbott, Marcy Erin Moir, Christopher S Balestrini, Lisa K Fischer, Douglas D Fraser, Joel Kevin Shoemaker
OBJECTIVE: Test the hypotheses that (1) concussion in adolescents impairs autonomic neural control of heart rate (HR), and (2) HR reactivity improves with symptom resolution. DESIGN: Observational, case-control. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen concussed adolescents (8 female adolescents; age 15 ± 2 years) and 16 healthy controls (6 female adolescents, age 15 ± 2 years). INTERVENTION: All participants performed an isometric handgrip (IHG) at 30% maximum voluntary contraction lasting 30 seconds...
August 13, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113966/quality-of-life-in-achilles-tendinopathy-an-exploratory-study
#13
Michael L Ceravolo, James E Gaida, Richard J Keegan
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to explore the quality-of-life and experiences of people with Achilles tendinopathy. DESIGN: This mixed-methods research used the 8-dimension Assessment of Quality-of-Life (AQoL-8D), focus groups and grounded theory analysis. AQoL-8D scores were compared with population normative scores. In focus groups, participants discussed their experiences with Achilles tendinopathy. SETTING: An online survey was completed, followed by focus groups and interviews held at the University of Canberra...
August 13, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113965/concussion-in-motorsport-experience-knowledge-attitudes-and-priorities-of-medical-personnel-and-drivers
#14
Stephanie A Adams, Anthony P Turner, Hugh Richards, Peter J Hutchinson
OBJECTIVE: To assess concussion experiences, knowledge, and attitudes of motorsport medical personnel and drivers and to determine priority areas regarding concussion within the sport. DESIGN: Sequential mixed-method design. Part 1: stakeholder interviews; part 2: cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Part 1: key motorsport stakeholders (N = 8); part 2: motorsport medical personnel and drivers (N = 209) representing amateur and/or professional 4-wheeled motorsport...
August 13, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113964/incidence-of-combat-sport-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-from-2012-to-2016
#15
Nicholas J Lemme, Benjamin Johnston, Steven F DeFroda, Brett D Owens, Peter K Kriz
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the incidence and characteristics of traumatic brain injuries [mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI)] presenting to the emergency department as a result of boxing, wrestling, and martial arts (MA). DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study of MTBI in combat sport athletes who were evaluated in emergency departments in the United States. SETTING: Patient data were taken from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System...
August 13, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095508/female-sport-participation-effect-on-long-term-health-related-quality-of-life
#16
Andrea Stracciolini, Laura Amar-Dolan, David R Howell, Taylor Alex, Paul Berkner, Noah J Sandstrom, Mark Peluso, Mathew Kurtz, Rebekah Mannix, William P Meehan
BACKGROUND: Female participation in sport has grown substantially over the last 4 decades. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between sports participation and (1) later-life health outcomes and (2) later-life quality-of-life (QoL) measures among female college alumni. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of female alumni between the ages of 40 and 70 years. Participants completed a questionnaire that included QoL measures assessing general health, negative consequences of alcohol use, mental health, and other self-reported health outcomes...
August 8, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095507/effectiveness-of-an-exercise-based-active-rehabilitation-intervention-for-youth-who-are-slow-to-recover-after-concussion
#17
Jérôme Gauvin-Lepage, Debbie Friedman, Lisa Grilli, Maria Sufrategui, Carol De Matteo, Grant L Iverson, Isabelle Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: (1) To determine the impact of providing participants aged 8 to 17 years who are slow to recover after a concussion with a well-developed active rehabilitation intervention (ARI), compared with receiving standard care alone, on postconcussion symptoms (PCS) at 2 and 6 weeks after the initiation of ARI; and (2) to investigate functional recovery 6 weeks after initiation of ARI. DESIGN: A multicenter prospective quasi-experimental control group design. SETTING: Tertiary care pediatric trauma center and community health care providers...
August 8, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095506/can-ultrasound-identify-paradoxical-vocal-fold-movement-a-pilot-study
#18
Jonathan T Finnoff, Diana M Orbelo, Dale C Ekbom
OBJECTIVE: Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is characterized by paradoxical vocal fold movement (PVFM) during inspiration. The aim of this study was to determine whether ultrasound could accurately differentiate between normal and PVFM during respirations in a resting state. DESIGN: Prospective, single-subject design. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENTS: A speech-language pathologist who was able to volitionally alternate between normal and PVFM when breathing at rest was recruited to participate in the study...
August 8, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095505/parents-awareness-and-perceptions-of-sport-specialization-and-injury-prevention-recommendations
#19
David R Bell, Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Daniel A Schaefer, Timothy A McGuine, Margaret Alison Brooks
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a survey of parents to determine their knowledge of sport volume recommendations and examine their perceptions toward sport specialization. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Youth sport athletic tournaments, competitions, and practices. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Parents (n = 1000, 614 women, age: 44.5 ± 6.7 years) of youth athletes completed the survey. Parents had to have a child between 10 and 18 years of age who participated in organized sport in the previous 12 months...
August 8, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095504/immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-short-and-long-duration-isometric-contractions-in-patellar-tendinopathy
#20
Stephen J Pearson, Sarah Stadler, Hylton Menz, Dylan Morrissey, Isabelle Scott, Shannon Munteanu, Peter Malliaras
OBJECTIVES: Isometric muscle contractions are used in the management of patellar tendinopathy to manage pain and improve function. Little is known about whether long- or short-duration contractions are optimal to improve pain. This study examined the immediate and short-term (4 weeks) effects of long- and short-duration isometric contraction on patellar tendon pain, and tendon adaptation. DESIGN: Repeated measures within groups. SETTING: Clinical primary care...
August 8, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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