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Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404038/cardiogenic-dysphagia-by-dysphagia-megalatriensis-aortica
#1
Hassaan Ashraf Zia, Mohammad F Madhoun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404037/obliterative-portal-venopathy-without-cirrhosis-is-prevalent-in-pediatric-cystic-fibrosis-liver-disease-with-portal-hypertension
#2
Hao Wu, Megan Vu, Sadhna Dhingra, Ruth Ackah, John A Goss, Abbas Rana, Norma Quintanilla, Kalyani Patel, Daniel H Leung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404036/tofacitinib-for-the-treatment-of-pyoderma-gangrenosum
#3
Bharati Kochar, Neel Herfarth, Céline Mamie, Alexander A Navarini, Michael Scharl, Hans H Herfarth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404035/ethnic-racial-and-sex-differences-in-etiology-symptoms-treatment-and-symptom-outcomes-of-patients-with-gastroparesis
#4
Henry P Parkman, Goro Yamada, Mark L Van Natta, Katherine Yates, William L Hasler, Irene Sarosiek, Madhusudan Grover, Ron Schey, Thomas L Abell, Kenneth L Koch, Braden Kuo, John Clarke, Gianrico Farrugia, Linda Nguyen, William J Snape, Laura Miriel, James Tonascia, Frank Hamilton, Pankaj J Pasricha, Richard W McCallum
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastroparesis is a chronic disorder of the stomach characterized by nausea, vomiting, early satiety, postprandial fullness, and abdominal pain. There is limited information on gastroparesis in minority populations. We assessed ethnic, racial, and sex variations in the etiology, symptoms, quality of life, gastric emptying, treatments, and symptom outcomes of patients with gastroparesis. METHODS: We collected information from the National Institutes of Health Gastroparesis Consortium on 718 adult patients, from September 2007 through December 2017...
November 4, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404034/submission-title-an-unusual-cause-of-hematochezia
#5
Rui Mendo, Pedro C Figueiredo, Catarina Albuquerque
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391437/barriers-and-facilitators-to-mediterranean-diet-adoption-by-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-northern-europe
#6
Laura Haigh, Susan Bremner, David Houghton, Elsbeth Henderson, Leah Avery, Timothy Hardy, Kate Hallsworth, Stuart McPherson, Quentin M Anstee
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary interventions for weight loss are effective therapies for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The Mediterranean diet might benefit these patients but it is not followed consistently in Northern European countries. We examined factors that determine Mediterranean diet adoption and maintenance in a northern European population. METHODS: We used a mixed-methods approach to investigate the effects of a 12-week Mediterranean diet intervention and perceived barriers and facilitators...
October 31, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391436/disparate-trends-in-mortality-of-etiology-specific-chronic-liver-disease-among-hispanic-sub-populations
#7
Donghee Kim, Andrew A Li, Ryan B Perumpail, George Cholankeril, Stevan A Gonzalez, Won Kim, Aijaz Ahmed
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about trends in mortality among Hispanic subpopulations and etiologies of chronic liver disease (CLD). We investigated trends in mortality of CLD among the 3 largest Hispanic subgroups based on origin (Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans) in the United States (US) from 2007 to 2016. METHODS: We collected data from the US Census and national mortality database, calculated age-standardized mortalities for CLD among Hispanic subgroups, and compared these with non-Hispanic whites...
October 31, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391435/time-to-colonoscopy-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-patients-with-positive-results-from-fecal-immunochemical-tests
#8
Yi-Chia Lee, Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, Tsung-Hsien Chiang, Shu-Lin Chuang, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Han-Mo Chiu, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Chen-Yang Hsu, Wen-Feng Hsu, Ming-Shiang Wu, Hsiu-Hsi Chen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In patients with positive results from a fecal immunochemical test (FIT), failure to receive a timely follow-up colonoscopy may be associated with higher risks of colorectal cancer (CRC) and advanced-stage CRC. We evaluated the prevalence of any CRC and advanced-stage CRC associated with delays in follow-up colonoscopies for patients with positive results from a FIT. METHODS: We collected data from 39,346 patients (age, 50-69 years) who participated in the Taiwanese Nationwide Screening Program from 2004 through 2012 and had completed a colonoscopy more than 1 month after a positive result from a FIT...
October 31, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391434/rectal-indomethacin-and-spraying-of-duodenal-papilla-with-epinephrine-increases-risk-of-pancreatitis-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#9
Hui Luo, Xiangping Wang, Rongchun Zhang, Shuhui Liang, Xiaoyu Kang, Xiaofeng Zhang, Qifeng Lou, Kangwei Xiong, Jing Yang, Lijuan Si, Wenming Liu, Yunpeng Liu, Yi Zhou, Suli Wang, Mei Yang, Wei Chen, Yanzhi Han, Guochen Shang, Xiaocui Yang, Yongfeng He, Qiang Zou, Wenwei Guo, Yichen Dai, Wei Zeng, Xiaosan Zhu, Rongqing Gong, Xun Li, Zhanguo Nie, Qi Wang, Ling Wang, Yanglin Pan, Xuegang Guo, Daiming Fan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Rectal indomethacin and spraying of duodenal papilla with epinephrine might reduce the incidence of pancreatitis following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). We performed a randomized trial to compare the effects of the combination of indomethacin and epinephrine (IE) vs indomethacin plus saline (IS) in prophylaxis of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). METHODS: We performed a double-blind trial at 10 centers in China, from Feb 2017 and ended in Oct 2017, of 1158 patients with native papilla undergoing ERCP...
October 31, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391433/superiority-of-gastrojejunostomy-over-endoscopic-stenting-for-palliation-of-malignant-gastric-outlet-obstruction
#10
Sunguk Jang, Tyler Stevens, Rocio Lopez, Amit Bhatt, John J Vargo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) in patients with malignancies causes nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, malnutrition, and dehydration. Endoscopic placement of self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) and gastrojejunostomy are the two main palliative options. We aimed to compare the outcomes of endoscopic SEMS placement with GJ in a propensity score matched study and identified factors associated with clinical success. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with malignant GOO who underwent endoscopic SEMS placement (n=183) or gastrojejunostomy (n=127) from 2011 through 2017 at a tertiary academic medical center...
October 31, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30389589/gastrointestinal-infection-increases-odds-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#11
Jordan E Axelrad, Ola Olén, Johan Askling, Benjamin Lebwohl, Hamed Khalili, Michael C Sachs, Jonas F Ludvigsson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastrointestinal infections have been associated with later development of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). However, studies have produced conflicting results. We performed a nationwide case-control study in Sweden to determine whether gastroenteritis is associated with the development of Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: Using the Swedish National Patient Register, we identified 44,214 patients with IBD (26,450 with UC; 13,387 with CD; and 4,377 with IBD-unclassified) from 2002 to 2014 and matched them with 436,507 individuals in the general population (controls)...
October 30, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30385328/the-gut-microbiome-and-digestive-health-a-new-frontier
#12
Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan, Amit G Singal, Lin Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366156/panchromoendoscopy-increases-detection-of-polyps-in-patients-with-serrated-polyposis-syndrome
#13
J López-Vicente, D Rodríguez-Alcalde, L Hernández, F Riu Pons, P Vega, J M Herrero Rivas, J Santiago García, I Salces Franco, M Bustamante Balén, M López-Cerón Pinilla, M Pellisé
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS), characterized by multiple and/or large proximal serrated lesions, increases risk of colorectal cancer. Serrated lesions are often missed during colonoscopy but panchromoendoscopy can increase their detection in an average-risk population. We performed a randomized controlled study to determine the efficacy of panchromoendoscopy in detection of polyps in patients with SPS. METHODS: Patients with SPS (n=86 patients) underwent tandem high-definition (HD) colonoscopies February 2015 through July 2016 at 7 centers in Spain...
October 23, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366155/gastroesophageal-and-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-associated-with-laryngeal-malignancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Sean M Parsel, Eric L Wu, Charles A Riley, Edward D McCoul
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastric reflux could lead to chronic mucosal inflammation and contribute to development of laryngeal malignancies, although there is controversy over this association. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess this relationship and determine risk of laryngeal malignancy in patients with reflux disease. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis, searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases from 1900 through April 9, 2018 for observational studies of adults reporting associations between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and/or laryngopharyngeal reflux and the risk of having or developing laryngeal malignancies...
October 23, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359785/translating-best-practices-to-meaningful-quality-measures-from-measure-conceptualization-to-implementation
#15
Megan A Adams, John I Allen, Sameer D Saini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342915/a-trichobezoar-of-gastric-proportions
#16
Nicholas Placone, Surinder Mann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342914/ancestry-and-risk-of-hepatic-fibrosis-and-inflammation-in-patients-with-hcv-infection
#17
Aaron P Thrift, Yanhong Liu, Spiridon Tsavachidis, Donna L White, Hashem B El-Serag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342262/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-post-fundoplication-dysphagia
#18
Stephen Hasak, L Michael Brunt, Dan Wang, C Prakash Gyawali
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a consequence of anti-reflux surgery (ARS) for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We studied patient management and symptomatic outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 157 consecutive adult patients with GERD (mean age, 65.1 ±1.0 years; 72% female) who underwent ARS at a tertiary care center from 2003 through 2014. We characterized post-fundoplication dysphagia using a self-reported Likert scale, which ranges from a low score of 0 (no dysphagia) to a high score of 4 (severe daily dysphagia); scores of 2 or more indicated clinically significant dysphagia...
October 17, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342261/characteristics-of-opioid-prescriptions-to-veterans-with-cirrhosis
#19
Shari S Rogal, Lauren A Beste, Ada Youk, Michael J Fine, Bryan Ketterer, Hongwei Zhang, Steven Leipertz, Maggie Chartier, Chester B Good, Kevin L Kraemer, Matthew Chinman, Timothy Morgan, Walid F Gellad
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite increased risks for adverse effects in patients with cirrhosis, little is known about opioid prescriptions for this population. We aimed to assess time trends in opioid prescribing and factors associated with receiving opioids among patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: Among Veterans with cirrhosis, identified using national Veterans Health Administration data (2005-2014), we assessed characteristics of patients and their prescriptions for opioids...
October 17, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342260/esophageal-lichen-planus-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-characteristics-and-risk-in-a-large-tertiary-referral-center
#20
D Chamil Codipilly, Karthik Ravi, Dharma Sunjaya, Hongfei Fang, Amindra Arora, David Katzka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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