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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102896/impact-of-pre-transplant-depression-on-outcomes-of-allogeneic-and-autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#1
Areej El-Jawahri, Yi-Bin Chen, Ruta Brazauskas, Naya He, Stephanie J Lee, Jennifer M Knight, Navneet Majhail, David Buchbinder, Raquel M Schears, Baldeep M Wirk, William A Wood, Ibrahim Ahmed, Mahmoud Aljurf, Jeff Szer, Sara M Beattie, Minoo Battiwalla, Christopher Dandoy, Miguel-Angel Diaz, Anita D'Souza, Cesar O Freytes, James Gajewski, Usama Gergis, Shahrukh K Hashmi, Ann Jakubowski, Rammurti T Kamble, Tamila Kindwall-Keller, Hilard M Lazarus, Adriana K Malone, David I Marks, Kenneth Meehan, Bipin N Savani, Richard F Olsson, David Rizzieri, Amir Steinberg, Dawn Speckhart, David Szwajcer, Helene Schoemans, Sachiko Seo, Celalettin Ustun, Yoshiko Atsuta, Jignesh Dalal, Carmem Sales-Bonfim, Nandita Khera, Theresa Hahn, Wael Saber
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of depression before autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) on clinical outcomes posttransplantation. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research to compare outcomes after autologous (n = 3786) or allogeneic (n = 7433) HCT for adult patients with hematologic malignancies with an existing diagnosis of pre-HCT depression requiring treatment versus those without pre-HCT depression...
January 19, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102887/clinical-trial-of-nintedanib-in-patients-with-recurrent-or-metastatic-salivary-gland-cancer-of-the-head-and-neck-a-multicenter-phase-2-study-korean-cancer-study-group-hn14-01
#2
Youjin Kim, Su Jin Lee, Ji Yun Lee, Se-Hoon Lee, Jong-Mu Sun, Keunchil Park, Ho Jung An, Jae Yong Cho, Eun Joo Kang, Ha-Young Lee, Jinsoo Kim, Bhumsuk Keam, Hye Ryun Kim, Kyoung Eun Lee, Moon Young Choi, Ki Hyeong Lee, Myung-Ju Ahn
BACKGROUND: Salivary gland cancers (SGCs) are uncommon and account for less than 5% of all head and neck cancers, but they are histologically heterogeneous. No specific therapy, including targeted agents, has consistently improved clinical outcomes in recurrent/metastatic SGC. Recent studies suggest that vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) play important roles in SGC. Nintedanib is a potent small-molecule, triple-receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and VEGFR3; fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 [FGFR1], FGFR2, and FGFR3; and PDGFRα and PDGFRß)...
January 19, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099688/discerning-the-survival-advantage-among-patients-with-prostate-cancer-who-undergo-radical-prostatectomy-or-radiotherapy-the-limitations-of-cancer-registry-data
#3
Stephen B Williams, Jinhai Huo, Karim Chamie, Marc C Smaldone, Christopher D Kosarek, Justin E Fang, Leslie M Ynalvez, Simon P Kim, Karen E Hoffman, Sharon H Giordano, Brian F Chapin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the overall survival of patients who undergo radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy versus noncancer controls to discern whether there is a survival advantage according to prostate cancer treatment and the impact of selection bias on these results. METHODS: A matched cohort study was performed using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare-linked database. In total, 34,473 patients ages 66 to 75 years were identified who were without significant comorbidity, were diagnosed with localized prostate cancer, and received treatment treated with surgery or radiotherapy between 2004 and 2011...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098955/the-impact-of-childhood-cancer-perceptions-of-adult-survivors
#4
Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Tara M Brinkman, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe perceptions and associated risk factors of the impact of cancer on functional outcomes, including social relationships, exercise, finances, and religion, among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Evaluable participants included 3001 adult survivors (mean age, 32.5 years; range, 18.3-63.8 years; 24.1 years from diagnosis; 50.8% male; 84.9% Caucasian) who were enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094897/cytology-assessment-can-predict-survival-for-patients-with-metastatic-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms
#5
Carlie S Sigel, Huimin Guo, Keith M Sigel, Ming Zhang, Natasha Rekhtman, Oscar Lin, David S Klimstra, Achim A Jungbluth, Laura K Tang
BACKGROUND: Histological features and Ki-67 index have known usefulness in predicting prognosis and guiding therapy among patients with metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. Fine-needle aspiration may offer advantages for Ki-67 assessment because the technique obtains highly cellular, well-preserved specimens with the potential for broader tumor sampling. In the current study, the authors evaluated concordance for grade and differentiation between concurrent core needle biopsy and cytology preparations...
January 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094845/five-more-years-not-everything-changes
#6
EDITORIAL
Fadlo R Khuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094843/hypomethylating-agents-in-combination-with-histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-in-higher-risk-myelodysplastic-syndromes-is-there-a-light-at-the-end-of-the-tunnel
#7
EDITORIAL
Maximilian Stahl, Amer M Zeidan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094841/phase-2-randomized-double-blind-study-of-pracinostat-in-combination-with-azacitidine-in-patients-with-untreated-higher-risk-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#8
Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Guillermo Montalban-Bravo, Jesus G Berdeja, Yasmin Abaza, Elias Jabbour, James Essell, Roger M Lyons, Farhad Ravandi, Michael Maris, Brian Heller, Amy E DeZern, Sunil Babu, David Wright, Bertrand Anz, Ralph Boccia, Rami S Komrokji, Philip Kuriakose, James Reeves, Mikkael A Sekeres, Hagop M Kantarjian, Richard Ghalie, Gail J Roboz
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of patients with higher risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) remains poor despite available therapies. Histone deacetylase inhibitors have demonstrated activity in patients with MDS and in vitro synergy with azacitidine. METHODS: A phase 2 randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of azacitidine and pracinostat was conducted in patients who had International Prognostic Scoring System intermediate-2-risk or high-risk MDS. The primary endpoint was the complete response (CR) rate by cycle 6 of therapy...
January 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085233/next-generation-sequencing-of-liquid-based-cytology-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-samples
#9
Jordan P Reynolds, Yaolin Zhou, Maureen A Jakubowski, Zhen Wang, Jennifer A Brainard, Roger D Klein, Carol F Farver, Francisco A Almeida, Yu-Wei Cheng
BACKGROUND: The detection of mutated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with residual cell pellets derived from liquid-based cytology (LBC) samples (eg, endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration) has been validated with allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. The aim of this study was to validate next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology for detecting gene mutations with residual cell pellets from LBC. METHODS: Archived DNA extracted from LBC samples of adenocarcinoma stored in PreservCyt with a known EGFR mutation status was retrieved...
January 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085201/what-do-these-scores-mean-presenting-patient-reported-outcomes-data-to-patients-and-clinicians-to-improve-interpretability
#10
Claire F Snyder, Katherine C Smith, Elissa T Bantug, Elliott E Tolbert, Amanda L Blackford, Michael D Brundage
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) (eg, symptoms, functioning) can inform patient management. However, patients and clinicians often have difficulty interpreting score meaning. The authors tested approaches for presenting PRO data to improve interpretability. METHODS: This mixed-methods study included an Internet survey of cancer patients/survivors, oncology clinicians, and PRO researchers circulated via snowball sampling, plus individual in-person interviews...
January 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085196/management-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-thalassemia-and-importance-of-the-human-factor
#11
LETTER
Andrea Mancuso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085188/racial-disparities-in-treatment-use-for-multiple-myeloma
#12
Mark A Fiala, Tanya M Wildes
BACKGROUND: Recent treatment advances have greatly improved the prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma. However, some of these newer, more effective treatments are intensive and expensive and their use remains low, particularly among black patients. METHODS: In the current study, the authors reviewed the use patterns of stem cell transplantation and bortezomib using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database. RESULTS: After controlling for overall health and potential access barriers, black patients were found to be 37% (P<...
January 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085185/reply-to-management-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-thalassemia-and-importance-of-the-human-factor
#13
LETTER
Hassan M Moukhadder, Racha Halawi, Maria Domenica Cappellini, Ali T Taher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085184/comparative-effectiveness-of-first-line-radiofrequency-ablation-versus-surgical-resection-and-transplantation-for-patients-with-early-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Onur C Kutlu, Jennifer A Chan, Thomas A Aloia, Yun S Chun, Ahmed O Kaseb, Guillaume Passot, Suguru Yamashita, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: Significant controversy exists as to which treatment modality is most effective for small, solitary hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs): radiofrequency ablation (RFA), surgical resection (RXN), or transplantation (TXP). Size cutoff values ranging from 20 to 50 mm have been proposed to achieve complete ablation. The current study compares outcomes between RFA, RXN, and TXP as first-line therapy for patients with HCC tumors measuring as large as 50 mm. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was queried for patients with HCC tumors measuring up to 50 mm who were treated with RFA, RXN, or TXP between 2004 and 2013...
January 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085182/a-study-of-over-35-000-women-with-breast-cancer-tested-with-a-25-gene-panel-of-hereditary-cancer-genes
#15
Saundra S Buys, John F Sandbach, Amanda Gammon, Gayle Patel, John Kidd, Krystal L Brown, Lavania Sharma, Jennifer Saam, Johnathan Lancaster, Mary B Daly
BACKGROUND: As panel testing becomes more common in clinical practice, it is important to understand the prevalence and trends associated with the pathogenic variants (PVs) identified. This is especially true for genetically heterogeneous cancers, such as breast cancer (BC), in which PVs in different genes may be associated with various risks and cancer subtypes. The authors evaluated the outcomes of genetic testing among women who had a personal history of BC. METHODS: A total of 35,409 women with a single diagnosis of BC who underwent clinical genetic testing with a 25-gene panel were included in the current analysis...
January 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081304/comparison-of-an-ac-taxane-versus-ac-free-regimen-and-paclitaxel-versus-docetaxel-in-patients-with-lymph-node-positive-breast-cancer-final-results-of-the-national-surgical-adjuvant-study-of-breast-cancer-02-trial-a-randomized-comparative-phase-3-study
#16
Toru Watanabe, Masaru Kuranami, Kenichi Inoue, Norikazu Masuda, Kenjiro Aogi, Shinji Ohno, Hiroji Iwata, Hirofumi Mukai, Yukari Uemura, Yasuo Ohashi
BACKGROUND: In postoperative patients with breast cancer, the combination of an anthracycline and cyclophosphamide (AC) followed by a taxane is a standard regimen. In the current study, the authors examined whether AC could be safely omitted, and compared the effectiveness of paclitaxel versus docetaxel. METHODS: Female postoperative patients with axillary lymph node-positive breast cancer were eligible for enrollment in this phase 3, open-label, randomized controlled trial at 84 centers in Japan...
January 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081303/the-novel-fusion-transcript-nr5a2-klhl29ft-is-generated-by-an-insertion-at-the-klhl29-locus
#17
Zhenguo Sun, Xiquan Ke, Steven L Salzberg, Daehwan Kim, Valentin Antonescu, Yulan Cheng, Binbin Huang, Jee Hoon Song, John M Abraham, Sariat Ibrahim, Hui Tian, Stephen J Meltzer
BACKGROUND: Novel fusion transcripts (FTs) caused by chromosomal rearrangement are common factors in the development of cancers. In the current study, the authors used massively parallel RNA sequencing to identify new FTs in colon cancers. METHODS: RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) and TopHat-Fusion were used to identify new FTs in colon cancers. The authors then investigated whether the novel FT nuclear receptor subfamily 5, group A, member 2 (NR5A2)-Kelch-like family member 29 FT (KLHL29FT) was transcribed from a genomic chromosomal rearrangement...
January 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081302/education-and-support-needs-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-multi-institutional-survey
#18
Joe Jabbour, Chris Milross, Puma Sundaresan, Ardalan Ebrahimi, Heather L Shepherd, Haryana M Dhillon, Gary Morgan, Bruce Ashford, Muzib Abdul-Razak, Eva Wong, Michael Veness, Carsten E Palme, Cate Froggatt, Ruben Cohen, Rafael Ekmejian, Jessica Tay, David Roshan, Jonathan R Clark
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) encompasses a diverse group of tumors, and thus providing appropriate and tailored information to patients before, during, and after treatment is a challenge. The objective of the current study was to characterize the experience and unmet needs of patients with HNC with regard to information and support provision. METHODS: A 28-question, cross-sectional survey was completed by patients treated for HNC at 1 of 4 institutions in New South Wales, Australia (Chris O'Brien Lifehouse and Liverpool, Westmead, and Wollongong hospitals)...
January 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081292/the-utility-of-abbreviated-patient-reported-outcomes-for-predicting-survival-in-early-stage-colorectal-cancer
#19
Tina Hsu, Caroline H Speers, Hagen F Kennecke, Winson Y Cheung
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are increasingly used in clinical settings. Prior research suggests that PROs collected at baseline may be associated with cancer survival, but most of those studies were conducted in patients with breast or lung cancer. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between prospectively collected PROs and cancer-specific outcomes in patients with early stage colorectal cancer. METHODS: Patients who had newly diagnosed stage II or III colorectal cancer from 2009 to 2010 and had a consultation at the British Columbia Cancer Agency completed the brief Psychosocial Screen for Cancer (PSSCAN) questionnaire, which collects data on patients' perceived social supports, quality of life (QOL), anxiety and depression, and general health...
January 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067955/cancer-preventive-services-socioeconomic-status-and-the-affordable-care-act
#20
Gregory S Cooper, Tzuyung Doug Kou, Avi Dor, Siran M Koroukian, Mark D Schluchter
BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket expenditures are thought to be an important barrier to the receipt of cancer preventive services, especially for those of a lower socioeconomic status (SES). The Affordable Care Act (ACA) eliminated out-of-pocket expenditures for recommended services, including mammography and colonoscopy. The objective of this study was to determine changes in the uptake of mammography and colonoscopy among fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries before and after ACA implementation...
January 9, 2017: Cancer
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