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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786851/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-part-ii-recent-changes-in-prostate-cancer-trends-and-disease-characteristics
#1
Serban Negoita, Eric J Feuer, Angela Mariotto, Kathleen A Cronin, Valentina I Petkov, Sarah K Hussey, Vicki Benard, S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Stacey Fedewa, Recinda L Sherman, Betsy A Kohler, Barbara J Dearmon, Andrew J Lake, Jiemin Ma, Lisa C Richardson, Ahmedin Jemal, Lynne Penberthy
BACKGROUND: Temporal trends in prostate cancer incidence and death rates have been attributed to changing patterns of screening and improved treatment (mortality only), among other factors. This study evaluated contemporary national-level trends and their relations with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing prevalence and explored trends in incidence according to disease characteristics with stage-specific, delay-adjusted rates. METHODS: Joinpoint regression was used to examine changes in delay-adjusted prostate cancer incidence rates from population-based US cancer registries from 2000 to 2014 by age categories, race, and disease characteristics, including stage, PSA, Gleason score, and clinical extension...
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786848/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-part-i-national-cancer-statistics
#2
Kathleen A Cronin, Andrew J Lake, Susan Scott, Recinda L Sherman, Anne-Michelle Noone, Nadia Howlader, S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Albert U Firth, Jiemin Ma, Betsy A Kohler, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate to provide annual updates on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. METHODS: Incidence data were obtained from the CDC-funded and NCI-funded population-based cancer registry programs and compiled by NAACCR. Data on cancer deaths were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System...
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786846/the-pendulum-swings-back-screening-for-prostate-cancer-in-2018
#3
EDITORIAL
Ian M Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781117/psa-screening-prostate-biopsy-and-treatment-of-prostate-cancer-in-the-years-surrounding-the-uspstf-recommendation-against-prostate-cancer-screening
#4
James T Kearns, Sarah K Holt, Jonathan L Wright, Daniel W Lin, Paul H Lange, John L Gore
BACKGROUND: The 2012 United States Preventive Services Task Force recommendation against screening for prostate cancer has impacted rates of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening and appears to be associated with declining prostate cancer incidence. Our objective was to characterize health care utilization that may explain these observed trends. METHODS: MarketScan claims, which capture >30 million privately insured patients in the United States, were queried for all men aged 40-64 years for the years 2008-2014...
May 21, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781113/moving-toward-a-more-rational-evidence-based-approach-to-psa-screening-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-prostate-cancer
#5
EDITORIAL
Christopher P Filson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767847/access-to-quality-gynecologic-oncology-care-a-work-in-progress
#6
EDITORIAL
Linda R Duska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767846/access-to-gynecologic-oncology-care-and-the-network-adequacy-standard
#7
David I Shalowitz, Warner K Huh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757459/individual-meaning-centered-psychotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-psychological-and-existential-distress-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#8
William Breitbart, Hayley Pessin, Barry Rosenfeld, Allison J Applebaum, Wendy G Lichtenthal, Yuelin Li, Rebecca M Saracino, Allison M Marziliano, Melissa Masterson, Kristen Tobias, Natalie Fenn
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced cancer have high rates of psychological distress, including depression, anxiety, and spiritual despair. This study examined the effectiveness of individual meaning-centered psychotherapy (IMCP) in comparison with supportive psychotherapy (SP) and enhanced usual care (EUC) in improving spiritual well-being and quality of life and reducing psychological distress in patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: Patients (n = 321) were randomly assigned to IMCP (n = 109), SP (n = 108), or EUC (n = 104)...
May 14, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757457/the-role-of-adjuvant-treatment-in-early-stage-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-international-collaborative-study
#9
Eran Fridman, Shorook Na'ara, Jaiprakash Agarwal, Moran Amit, Gideon Bachar, Andrea Bolzoni Villaret, Jose Brandao, Claudio R Cernea, Pankaj Chaturvedi, Jonathan Clark, Ardalan Ebrahimi, Dan M Fliss, Sashikanth Jonnalagadda, Hugo F Kohler, Luiz P Kowalski, Matthias Kreppel, Chun-Ta Liao, Snehal G Patel, Raj P Patel, K Thomas Robbins, Jatin P Shah, Thomas Shpitzer, Tzu-Chen Yen, Joachim E Zöller, Ziv Gil
BACKGROUND: Up to half of patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) have stage I to II disease. When adequate resection is attained, no further treatment is needed; however, re-resection or radiotherapy may be indicated for patients with positive or close margins. This multicenter study evaluated the outcomes and role of adjuvant treatment in patients with stage I to II OCSCC. METHODS: Overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival, local-free survival, and disease-free survival rates were calculated with Kaplan-Meier analysis...
May 14, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757456/cancer-research-in-the-united-states-a-critical-review-of-current-status-and-proposal-for-alternative-models
#10
Hagop M Kantarjian, Ferran Prat, David P Steensma, Razelle Kurzrock, David J Stewart, Mikkael A Sekeres, Joseph Leveque
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757455/cells-cytokines-chemokines-and-cancer-stress-a-biobehavioral-study-of-patients-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#11
Barbara L Andersen, Neha Godiwala Goyal, David M Weiss, Travis D Westbrook, Kami J Maddocks, John C Byrd, Amy J Johnson
BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most prevalent adult leukemia, with profound disease-related cellular, humoral, and innate immune suppression. The objective of this study was to study the correlations between stress and disease-specific, negative prognostic cellular, cytokine, and chemokine markers in patients with CLL. METHODS: A single-group, observational design was used. Patients with relapsed/refractory CLL (N = 96) who were entering a phase 2 trial of an experimental therapy (ibrutinib) were studied...
May 14, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750834/reply-to-when-flawed-modeling-justifies-cost-effectiveness-making-sense-of-band-aid-modeling
#12
LETTER
Shankar Prinja, Gaurav Jyani, Pankaj Bahuguna, Dharmjeet Singh Faujdar, Rajesh Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750832/when-flawed-modeling-justifies-cost-effectiveness-making-sense-of-band-aid-modeling
#13
LETTER
Bijan J Borah, Denny John, James P Moriarty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750335/universal-screening-of-both-endometrial-and-colon-cancers-increases-the-detection-of-lynch-syndrome
#14
Tomer Adar, Linda H Rodgers, Kristen M Shannon, Makoto Yoshida, Tianle Ma, Anthony Mattia, Gregory Y Lauwers, Anthony J Iafrate, Nicole M Hartford, Esther Oliva, Daniel C Chung
BACKGROUND: Lynch syndrome (LS) is the most common hereditary cause of colorectal cancer (CRC) and endometrial cancer (EC). Screening of all CRCs for LS is currently recommended, but screening of ECs is inconsistent. The objective of this study was to determine the added value of screening both CRC and EC tumors in the same population. METHODS: A prospective, immunohistochemistry (IHC)-based screening program for all patients with newly diagnosed CRCs and ECs was initiated in 2011 and 2013, respectively, at 2 centers (primary and tertiary)...
May 11, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742292/timing-of-palliative-care-needs-reporting-and-aggressiveness-of-care-near-the-end-of-life-in-metastatic-lung-cancer-a-national-registry-based-study
#15
François Goldwasser, Pascale Vinant, Régis Aubry, Philippe Rochigneux, Yvan Beaussant, Olivier Huillard, Lucas Morin
BACKGROUND: Early integration of palliative care for patients with metastatic lung cancer improves their quality of life and survival and reduces the aggressiveness of care near the end of life. This study examined the association between the timing of palliative care needs reporting and the aggressiveness of end-of-life care. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used the French National Hospital Registry to identify all hospitalized adults (≥20 years old) who died of metastatic lung cancer in France between 2010 and 2013...
May 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742284/associations-among-human-papillomavirus-inflammation-and-fatigue-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#16
Canhua Xiao, Jonathan J Beitler, Kristin A Higgins, Toby Glazer, Linh Kha Huynh, Sudeshna Paul, Jennifer C Felger, Evanthia C Wommack, Nabil F Saba, Dong M Shin, Deborah W Bruner, Andrew H Miller
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has contributed to an increased incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Fatigue is a major side effect of SCCHN and its treatment. However, to the authors' knowledge, the association between HPV and fatigue has not been examined to date, nor is it known whether HPV influences biological mechanisms of fatigue, including inflammation. METHODS: Patients with SCCHN who were without distant metastasis were assessed at baseline (pre-radiotherapy) and 1 month and 3 months postradiotherapy...
May 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742281/analyzing-the-clinical-actionability-of-germline-pharmacogenomic-findings-in-oncology
#17
Rebecca Wellmann, Brittany A Borden, Keith Danahey, Rita Nanda, Blase N Polite, Walter M Stadler, Mark J Ratain, Peter H O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Germline and tumor pharmacogenomics impact drug responses, but germline markers less commonly guide oncology prescribing. The authors hypothesized that a critical number of clinically actionable germline pharmacogenomic associations exist, representing clinical implementation opportunities. METHODS: In total, 125 oncology drugs were analyzed for positive germline pharmacogenomic associations in journals with impact factors ≥5. Studies were assessed for design and genotyping quality, clinically relevant outcomes, statistical rigor, and evidence of drug-gene effects...
May 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742280/quantitative-survival-impact-of-composite-treatment-delays-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#18
Allen S Ho, Sungjin Kim, Mourad Tighiouart, Alain Mita, Kevin S Scher, Joel B Epstein, Anna Laury, Ravi Prasad, Nabilah Ali, Chrysanta Patio, Jon Mallen St-Clair, Zachary S Zumsteg
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary management of head and neck cancer (HNC) must reconcile increasingly sophisticated subspecialty care with timeliness of care. Prior studies examined the individual effects of delays in diagnosis-to-treatment interval, postoperative interval, and radiation interval but did not consider them collectively. The objective of the current study was to investigate the combined impact of these interwoven intervals on patients with HNC. METHODS: Patients with HNC who underwent curative-intent surgery with radiation were identified in the National Cancer Database between 2004 and 2013...
May 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742278/conditional-relative-survival-among-long-term-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancers
#19
Chelsea Anderson, Andrew B Smitherman, Hazel B Nichols
BACKGROUND: Many studies have examined long-term outcomes after childhood cancer, but few address outcomes for adolescent and young adult (AYA; those aged 15-39 years) cancer survivors. Conditional survival reflects changing mortality risk with time since cancer diagnosis and is a useful measure for planning long-term follow-up care. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry 9 database, the authors identified a cohort of AYA patients diagnosed with a first malignant cancer between 1973 and 2009 and followed through 2014...
May 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742277/development-of-a-novel-salivary-gland-cancer-lymph-node-staging-system
#20
Katri Aro, Allen S Ho, Michael Luu, Sungjin Kim, Mourad Tighiouart, Jon Mallen-St Clair, Emi J Yoshida, Stephen L Shiao, Ilmo Leivo, Zachary S Zumsteg
BACKGROUND: Current lymph node (LN) staging for salivary gland cancer (SGC) is extrapolated from mucosal head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. However, given its unique biology and clinical behavior, it is possible that a SGC-specific LN staging system would be more accurate. METHODS: Patients from the National Cancer Data Base with nonmetastatic SGC of the head and neck who were diagnosed from 2004 through 2013 and underwent surgical resection and neck dissection removing at least 10 LNs were included...
May 9, 2018: Cancer
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