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CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319263/a-review-of-family-caregiving-intervention-trials-in-oncology
#1
REVIEW
Betty Ferrell, Elaine Wittenberg
This article contains a review of literature published from 2010 to 2016 on family caregiving in oncology. An analysis of 810 citations resulted in 50 randomized trials. These trials describe the need to prepare family caregivers for the complex role they play in cancer care. Several studies have demonstrated improved quality of life for family caregivers and improved emotional support from interventions. Several studies addressed communication and relational intimacy, which are key concerns. An additional focus of these trials was in the area of caregiving tasks and ways to diminish the burden of caregiving and preparedness for this role...
March 20, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294295/breast-cancer-major-changes-in-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-eighth-edition-cancer-staging-manual
#2
Armando E Giuliano, James L Connolly, Stephen B Edge, Elizabeth A Mittendorf, Hope S Rugo, Lawrence J Solin, Donald L Weaver, David J Winchester, Gabriel N Hortobagyi
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE The revision of the eighth edition of the primary tumor, lymph node, and metastasis (TNM) classification of the American Joint Commission of Cancer (AJCC) for breast cancer was determined by a multidisciplinary team of breast cancer experts. The panel recognized the need to incorporate biologic factors, such as tumor grade, proliferation rate, estrogen and progesterone receptor expression, human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) expression, and gene expression prognostic panels into the staging system...
March 14, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272812/evidence-accumulates-indicating-periodontal-disease-as-a-risk-factor-for-colorectal-cancer-or-lymphoma
#3
EDITORIAL
Mary Kay Barton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272802/health-behaviors-not-significantly-changed-by-direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing
#4
EDITORIAL
Mary Kay Barton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248415/colorectal-cancer-statistics-2017
#5
Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Stacey A Fedewa, Dennis J Ahnen, Reinier G S Meester, Afsaneh Barzi, Ahmedin Jemal
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies in the United States. Every 3 years, the American Cancer Society provides an update of CRC incidence, survival, and mortality rates and trends. Incidence data through 2013 were provided by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program, the National Program of Cancer Registries, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data through 2014 were provided by the National Center for Health Statistics. CRC incidence rates are highest in Alaska Natives and blacks and lowest in Asian/Pacific Islanders, and they are 30% to 40% higher in men than in women...
March 1, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222223/prostate-cancer-major-changes-in-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-eighth-edition-cancer-staging-manual
#6
Mark K Buyyounouski, Peter L Choyke, Jesse K McKenney, Oliver Sartor, Howard M Sandler, Mahul B Amin, Michael W Kattan, Daniel W Lin
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE The eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) Staging Manual has been updated and improved to ensure the highest degree of clinical relevance and to improve its utility for patient evaluation and clinical research. Major changes include: 1) pathologically organ-confined disease is now considered pT2 and is no longer subclassified by extent of involvement or laterality, 2) tumor grading now includes both the Gleason score (as in the seventh edition criteria) and the grade group (introduced in the eighth edition criteria), 3) prognostic stage group III includes select, organ-confined disease based on prostate-specific antigen and Gleason/grade group status, and 4) 2 statistical prediction models are included in the staging manual...
February 21, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198998/physical-activity-counseling-in-primary-care-insights-from-public-health-and-behavioral-economics
#7
REVIEW
Kerem Shuval, Tammy Leonard, Jeffrey Drope, David L Katz, Alpa V Patel, Melissa Maitin-Shepard, On Amir, Amir Grinstein
Physical inactivity has reached epidemic proportions in modern society. Abundant evidence points to a causal link between physical inactivity and increased risk for numerous noncommunicable diseases, such as some types of cancer and heart disease, as well as premature mortality. Yet, despite this overwhelming evidence, many individuals do not meet the recommended amount of physical activity required to achieve maximum health benefits. Because primary care physicians' advice is highly regarded, clinicians have the unique opportunity to play an important role in enabling patients to modify their behavior at the point of care with the goal of guiding patients to adopt and maintain an active lifestyle...
February 15, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170086/cancer-screening-in-the-united-states-2017-a-review-of-current-american-cancer-society-guidelines-and-current-issues-in-cancer-screening
#8
Robert A Smith, Kimberly S Andrews, Durado Brooks, Stacey A Fedewa, Deana Manassaram-Baptiste, Debbie Saslow, Otis W Brawley, Richard C Wender
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Each year, the American Cancer Society publishes a summary of its guidelines for early cancer detection, data and trends in cancer screening rates, and select issues related to cancer screening. In this issue of the journal, the authors summarize current American Cancer Society cancer screening guidelines, describe an update of their guideline for using human papillomavirus vaccination for cancer prevention, describe updates in US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations for breast and colorectal cancer screening, discuss interim findings from the UK Collaborative Trial on Ovarian Cancer Screening, and provide the latest data on utilization of cancer screening from the National Health Interview Survey...
February 7, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095590/cancer-cachexia-awareness-diagnosis-and-treatment-are-lacking-among-oncology-providers
#9
EDITORIAL
Mary Kay Barton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094848/the-eighth-edition-ajcc-cancer-staging-manual-continuing-to-build-a-bridge-from-a-population-based-to-a-more-personalized-approach-to-cancer-staging
#10
Mahul B Amin, Frederick L Greene, Stephen B Edge, Carolyn C Compton, Jeffrey E Gershenwald, Robert K Brookland, Laura Meyer, Donna M Gress, David R Byrd, David P Winchester
The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging manual has become the benchmark for classifying patients with cancer, defining prognosis, and determining the best treatment approaches. Many view the primary role of the tumor, lymph node, metastasis (TNM) system as that of a standardized classification system for evaluating cancer at a population level in terms of the extent of disease, both at initial presentation and after surgical treatment, and the overall impact of improvements in cancer treatment...
January 17, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094844/local-consolidative-therapy-may-be-beneficial-in-patients-with-oligometastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
EDITORIAL
Mary Kay Barton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140453/lung-cancer-major-changes-in-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-eighth-edition-cancer-staging-manual
#12
Ramón Rami-Porta, Hisao Asamura, William D Travis, Valerie W Rusch
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE The revision for the eighth edition of the tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM) classification of lung cancer was based on analyses of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer database, which included 77,156 evaluable patients diagnosed with lung cancer from 1999 to 2010. Among tumor (T) descriptors, the following new tumor-size groups were created: T1a, ≤1 cm; T1b, >1 to 2 cm; T1c, >2 to 3 cm; T2a, >3 to 4 cm; T2b, >4 to 5 cm; T3, >5 to 7 cm; and T4, >7 cm...
March 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128848/head-and-neck-cancers-major-changes-in-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-eighth-edition-cancer-staging-manual
#13
William M Lydiatt, Snehal G Patel, Brian O'Sullivan, Margaret S Brandwein, John A Ridge, Jocelyn C Migliacci, Ashley M Loomis, Jatin P Shah
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE The recently released eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Staging Manual, Head and Neck Section, introduces significant modifications from the prior seventh edition. This article details several of the most significant modifications, and the rationale for the revisions, to alert the reader to evolution of the field. The most significant update creates a separate staging algorithm for high-risk human papillomavirus-associated cancer of the oropharynx, distinguishing it from oropharyngeal cancer with other causes...
March 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727446/the-primary-care-provider-pcp-cancer-specialist-relationship-a-systematic-review-and-mixed-methods-meta-synthesis
#14
REVIEW
Lesly A Dossett, Janella N Hudson, Arden M Morris, M Catherine Lee, Richard G Roetzheim, Michael D Fetters, Gwendolyn P Quinn
Although they are critical to models of coordinated care, the relationship and communication between primary care providers (PCPs) and cancer specialists throughout the cancer continuum are poorly understood. By using predefined search terms, the authors conducted a systematic review of the literature in 3 databases to examine the relationship and communication between PCPs and cancer specialists. Among 301 articles identified, 35 met all inclusion criteria and were reviewed in-depth. Findings from qualitative, quantitative, and disaggregated mixed-methods studies were integrated using meta-synthesis...
March 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076666/the-global-incidence-of-lip-oral-cavity-and-pharyngeal-cancers-by-subsite-in-2012
#15
Kevin D Shield, Jacques Ferlay, Ahmedin Jemal, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Anil K Chaturvedi, Freddie Bray, Isabelle Soerjomataram
By using data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer publication Cancer Incidence in 5 Continents and GLOBOCAN, this report provides the first consolidated global estimation of the subsite distribution of new cases of lip, oral cavity, and pharyngeal cancers by country, sex, and age for the year 2012. Major geographically based, sex-based, and age-based variations in the incidence of lip, oral cavity, and pharyngeal cancers by subsite were observed. Lip cancers were highly frequent in Australia (associated with solar radiation) and in central and eastern Europe (associated with tobacco smoking)...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055103/cancer-statistics-2017
#16
Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Ahmedin Jemal
Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths that will occur in the United States in the current year and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival. Incidence data were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics. In 2017, 1,688,780 new cancer cases and 600,920 cancer deaths are projected to occur in the United States...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898173/an-update-on-larynx-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Conor E Steuer, Mark El-Deiry, Jason R Parks, Kristin A Higgins, Nabil F Saba
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Laryngeal cancer remains one of the most common tumors of the respiratory tract. Fortunately, significant advancements have been made over the past decade in the treatment of laryngeal cancer. Although surgery has been the historical mainstay for localized disease and still is an integral part of treatment, nonsurgical options like radiation and systemic therapy have emerged as viable options. In addition, in the metastatic setting, novel agents are showing promise for this patient population...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787882/pretreatment-expectations-of-side-effects-from-endocrine-therapy-found-to-influence-occurrence
#18
EDITORIAL
Mary Kay Barton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787874/disparities-found-in-chemotherapy-administration-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-associated-lymphoma
#19
EDITORIAL
Mary Kay Barton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570942/radiotherapy-combination-opportunities-leveraging-immunity-for-the-next-oncology-practice
#20
REVIEW
Fernanda G Herrera, Jean Bourhis, George Coukos
Approximately one-half of patients with newly diagnosed cancer and many patients with persistent or recurrent tumors receive radiotherapy (RT), with the explicit goal of eliminating tumors through direct killing. The current RT dose and schedule regimens have been empirically developed. Although early clinical studies revealed that RT could provoke important responses not only at the site of treatment but also on remote, nonirradiated tumor deposits-the so-called "abscopal effect"- the underlying mechanisms were poorly understood and were not therapeutically exploited...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
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