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Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634023/antibiotic-stewardship-in-burns-patients-isbi-guidelines
#1
LETTER
Naiem S Moiemen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624354/school-reintegration-of-pediatric-burn-survivors-an-integrative-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Raquel Pan, Bruna Domingos Dos Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento, Lídia Aparecida Rossi, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E Van Loey
BACKGROUND: The school is an essential context for children's social interaction with peers and to develop academic skills. Therefore, a fast reintegration can help children with burns to normalize their life. Thus, school reintegration is an important outcome after burns. The aim of this review was to systematically synthesize the literature addressing school reintegration programs of pediatric burns survivors. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched independently by two reviewers...
June 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619236/the-effect-of-isolated-soy-protein-adjunctive-with-flaxseed-oil-on-markers-of-inflammation-oxidative-stress-acute-phase-proteins-and-wound-healing-of-burn-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Siavash Babajafari, Masoumeh Akhlaghi, Seyed Mohammad Mazloomi, Mehdi Ayaz, Ali Noorafshan, Peyman Jafari, Abdollah Hojhabrimanesh
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to determine the effect of isolated soy protein (ISP) and flaxseed oil (FO) on inflammatory and oxidative stress indices, acute phase proteins, and wound healing of burn patients. METHODS: One hundred eighty-eight patients were assessed for eligibility in this randomized controlled trial. Of these, seventy-three eligible patients (total burn surface area 20-50%) were randomly assigned to 3 isocaloric groups, labeled as control (wheat flour+corn oil (CO)), ISP+FO, and ISP+CO, to receive these nutrients for 3 weeks...
June 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610795/perceived-fatigue-following-pediatric-burns
#4
Moniek Akkerman, Leonora J Mouton, Froukje Dijkstra, Anuschka S Niemeijer, Marco van Brussel, Lucas H V van der Woude, Laurien M Disseldorp, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis
PURPOSE: Fatigue is a common consequence of numerous pediatric health conditions. In adult burn survivors, fatigue was found to be a major problem. The current cross-sectional study is aimed at determining the levels of perceived fatigue in pediatric burn survivors. METHODS: Perceived fatigue was assessed in 23 children and adolescents (15 boys and 8 girls, aged 6-18 years, with burns covering 10-46% of the total body surface area, 1-5 years post burn) using both child self- and parent proxy reports of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Multidimensional Fatigue Scale...
June 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606748/long-term-mortality-in-critically-ill-burn-survivors
#5
Stephanie Nitzschke, Anaeze C Offodile, Ryan P Cauley, Jason E Frankel, Andrew Beam, Kevin M Elias, Fiona K Gibbons, Ali Salim, Kenneth B Christopher
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about long term survival risk factors in critically ill burn patients who survive hospitalization. We hypothesized that patients with major burns who survive hospitalization would have favorable long term outcomes. METHODS: We performed a two center observational cohort study in 365 critically ill adult burn patients who survived to hospital discharge. The exposure of interest was major burn defined a priori as >20% total body surface area burned [TBSA]...
June 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606747/hot-tea-and-tiny-tots-don-t-mix-a-cross-sectional-survey-on-hot-beverage-scalds
#6
J D Burgess, R M Kimble, K A Watt, C M Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Hot beverage scalds are a leading cause of burns in young children. The aim of this study was to look at the circumstances surrounding these injuries in terms of setting, mechanism, supervision and first aid to inform a prevention campaign. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was delivered via iPad to parents and caregivers presenting with a child aged 0-36 months with a hot beverage scald at a major paediatric burns centre. RESULTS: Of the 101 children aged 0-36 months that presented with a hot beverage scald over a 12-month period, 54 participants were included...
June 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602595/topical-treatment-of-corneal-alkali-burns-with-gly-thymosin-%C3%AE-4-solutions-and-in-situ-hydrogels-via-inhibiting-corneal-neovascularization-and-improving-corneal-epidermal-recovery-in-experimental-rabbits
#7
Weili Zhang, Liya Nie, Lina Du, Wenyang Chen, Zhihong Wu, Yiguang Jin
AIM: Corneal alkali burns are a severe disease and commonly encountered in the emergent clinic. A rapid medical treatment for the burn is very important. Gly-thymosin β4 (Gly-Tβ4) is a biomimic derivative of natural thymosin β4. The aim of this study is to evaluate the corneal recovery effects of Gly-Tβ4 topical therapy on alkali burns in rabbit corneas. METHODS: Rabbit alkali burns were induced with NaOH-contained filter paper. Phosphate-buffered solutions at pH 7...
June 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602586/fungal-periapical-abscess-and-the-burn-patient-a-report-of-two-cases-of-an-unreported-source-for-systemic-infection
#8
Stephen Serio, Brian Burgess, David Voigt
Fungal infections in the intensive care unit are becoming a more common occurrence, especially in the care of the burn patient. Fungal infections in the critically burned patient, who by nature have a heightened inflammatory state and impaired immune response, have been found to carry a profound degree of morbidity and mortality. We present our experience in the care of severe thermal injuries; a series of patients with endodontic fungal infection which, as we found, pose a significant risk for the development of systemic infection and sepsis...
June 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602594/operating-efficiency-of-an-emergency-burns-theatre-an-eight-month-analysis
#9
Arvind Mohan, Christopher Lutterodt, Jorge Leon-Villapalos
BACKGROUND: The efficient use of operating theatres is important to insure optimum cost-benefit for the hospital. We used the emergency Burns theatre as a model to assess theatre efficiency at our institution. METHODS: Data was collected retrospectively on every operation performed in the Burns theatre between 01/04/15 and 30/11/15. Each component of the operating theatre process was considered and integrated to calculate values for surgical/anaesthetic time, changeover time and ultimately theatre efficiency...
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602593/split-thickness-skin-graft-meshing-ratio-indications-and-common-practices
#10
Stahs Pripotnev, Anthony Papp
BACKGROUND: Split thickness skin grafting is a commonly used technique in burn surgery for resurfacing wounds that are unlikely to heal without scarring. Meshing and expanding skin grafts allow for reconstruction of larger wounds with smaller donor sites. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 210 patients with burns equal to or greater than 20% total body surface area admitted to Vancouver General Hospital between 1998 and 2014. Charts were reviewed to collect data on patient and burn demographics...
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602592/surgical-technique-an-important-factor-in-tissue-expander-exposure-complications
#11
LETTER
Ali Akbar Mohammadi, Soheil Mohammadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602591/skin-grafts-from-genetically-modified-%C3%AE-1-3-galactosyltransferase-knockout-miniature-swine-a-functional-equivalent-to-allografts
#12
D A Leonard, C Mallard, A Albritton, R Torabi, M Mastroianni, D H Sachs, J M Kurtz, C L Cetrulo
Burn is associated with a considerable burden of morbidity worldwide. Early excision of burned tissue and skin grafting of the resultant wound has been established as a mainstay of modern burn therapy. However, in large burns, donor sites for autologous skin may be limited. Numerous alternatives, from cadaver skin to synthetic substitutes have been described, each with varying benefits and limitations. We previously proposed the use of genetically modified (alpha-1,3-galactosyl transferase knockout, GalT-KO) porcine skin as a viable skin alternative...
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602590/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-burns-patients-in-a-national-burns-referral-center-in-southeast-asia-a-3-year-retrospective-review-methodological-issues
#13
LETTER
Zhao-Kai Low, Wai-Yee Ng, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Bien-Keem Tan, Si-Jack Chong, Jolie Hwee, Sook-Muay Tay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602589/early-pathogenic-colonisers-of-acute-burn-wounds-a-retrospective-review
#14
Hye-Sung Park, Chengde Pham, Eldho Paul, Alex Padiglione, Cheng Lo, Heather Cleland
BACKGROUND: Early excision of burns reduces the incidence of local and systemic infections caused by colonising microorganisms, and reduces mortality and length of hospital stay. Appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis can reduce the risk of postoperative wound infections and skin graft loss. Antibiotic selection should be based on likely pathogens. However, there are few studies that have investigated the early pathogenic colonisers of acute burn wounds. AIM: To describe pathogenic microorganisms found in acute burns and to make further recommendations on the use of early perioperative prophylactic antibiotics...
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602588/long-term-results-of-organ-procurement-from-burn-victims
#15
Daniel Schmauss, Amir K Bigdeli, Susanne Hellmich, Ana P Barreiros, Thomas Kremer, Günter Germann, Ulrich Kneser, Kai O Megerle
BACKGROUND: With the increasing success of organ transplantation, many traditional contraindications to organ procurement are being reconsidered. Burn disease has constituted a traditional contraindication to solid organ procurement because of concerns that such organs may have been compromised by ischemia secondary to burn shock and contaminated by bacteremia. With the current shortage of solid organs, the transplant community continues to look for ways to increase the number of organ donors, including the use of marginal donors...
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602587/surgical-management-of-leukoderma-after-burn-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Eric L Maranda, Mindy X Wang, Shahjahan Shareef, Bryon A Tompkins, Christopher Emerson, Evangelos V Badiavas
Burns are a common and sometimes devastating injury causing a significant amount of pain, disability, and occasionally death. Burns can have serious aesthetic and functional consequences such as pigmentary changes and formation of scar tissue. Hypopigmentation or depigmentation is often a result of partial- or full-thickness burns, which is referred to as leukoderma after burn. Thus, this study is aimed at systematically reviewing the surgical options for treating leukoderma after burn in order to gain insight into the advantages, disadvantages, and future implications of each surgical technique...
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601484/resuscitation-using-less-fluid-has-no-negative-impact-on-hydration-status-in-children-with-moderate-sized-scalds-a-prospective-single-centre-uk-study
#17
Linda Hollén, Karen Coy, Andrew Day, Amber Young
BACKGROUND: After a burn, optimal fluid resuscitation is critical for positive patient outcome. Although national guidelines advocate using resuscitation fluids of 4mL per kg body weight and percent body surface area (%BSA) for paediatric burns of >10% BSA, evidence in adults suggest that such volumes lead to over-resuscitation and related complications. Our aim was to investigate whether children managed with biosynthetic dressings (Biobrane™) and reduced fluid volumes remain well hydrated, as determined by clinical and laboratory parameters...
June 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576311/patient-opinion-of-scarring-is-multidimensional-an-investigation-of-the-posas-with-confirmatory-factor-analysis-statistical-and-methodological-issues
#18
LETTER
Erfan Ayubi, Mohadeseh Sani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545914/epidemiology-and-outcome-analysis-of-sepsis-and-organ-dysfunction-failure-after-burns
#19
Monika Kristaq Belba, Elizana Ylber Petrela, Amy Gjergji Belba
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study in adult population is to give frequency data (prevalence, incidence) of burn wound sepsis and its consequences (organ dysfunction/failure); to analyze the evolution of the SOFA cumulative score during the disease and relationship between the SOFA score in the 3rd, 7th, 14th and 21th day after burn with mortality. METHOD: A prospective cohort study was performed among adult patients (age ≥20 years) admitted in the ICU, with major and moderate burns...
May 22, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545913/evaluation-of-nurse-accuracy-in-rating-procedural-pain-among-pediatric-burn-patients-using-the-face-legs-activity-cry-consolability-flacc-scale
#20
LETTER
Jiabin Shen, Sheila A Giles, Krista K Wheeler, Henry Xiang, Jonathan I Groner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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