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Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330824/a-novel-technique-of-nexobrid%C3%A2-application-to-burns-on-the-hands
#1
LETTER
Laurie Rigueros Springford, Henrietta Creasy, Tania Cubison, Baljit Dheansa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325530/in-vitro-measurements-of-burn-dressing-adherence-and-the-effect-of-interventions-on-reducing-adherence
#2
Michal Brichacek, Chenxi Ning, Justin P Gawaziuk, Song Liu, Sarvesh Logsetty
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research on reducing dressing adherence. This is partly due to lack of an in vitro model, recreating the clinical variability of wounds. Previously we described an in vitro gelatin model to evaluate adherence in a standardized manner. We present evaluation of strategies to reduce adherence in six dressings. PROCEDURES: Dressing materials used were: PET (Control), fine mesh gauze coated in bismuth and petroleum jelly (BIS), nanocrystalline silver (NS), wide mesh polyester coated in polysporin ointment (WM), fine mesh cellulose acetate coated in polysporin ointment (FM), and soft silicone mesh (SIL)...
March 18, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318752/cystathionine-gamma-lyase-deficient-mice-are-protected-against-the-development-of-multiorgan-failure-and-exhibit-reduced-inflammatory-response-during-burn
#3
Akbar Ahmad, Nadiya Druzhyna, Csaba Szabo
Considering the role of H2S in critical illness, the aim of this study was to compare the outcome of burn in wild-type mice and in mice deficient in CSE, one of the principal mammalian H2S-generating enzymes. Animals were subjected to scald burn. Outcome variables included indices of organ injury, clinical chemistry parameters and plasma levels of inflammatory mediators. Plasma levels of H2S significantly increased in response to burn in wild-type mice, but remained unchanged in CSE(-/-) mice. Expression of the three H2S-producing enzymes (CSE, CBS and 3-MST) in the lung and liver, and the capacity of tissue homogenates to produce H2S, however, was not affected by burn...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318751/fracture-admissions-after-burns-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study
#4
Janine M Duke, Sean M Randall, Mark W Fear, James H Boyd, Fiona M Wood
BACKGROUND: Severe burn triggers systemic responses that result in reduced muscle mass and changes in bone formation, with recent evidence also suggesting systemic effects on bone after minor burns. The aim of this study was to assess if people hospitalised with a burn have increased admissions for fractures after discharge. METHODS: A population-based longitudinal study using linked hospital morbidity and death data from Western Australia was undertaken of all persons hospitalised for a first burn (n=30,997) during the period 1980-2012...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318750/changes-in-patterns-of-treatment-of-burned-children-at-the-linkoping-burn-centre-sweden-2009-2014
#5
Moustafa Elmasry, Ingrid Steinvall, Islam Abdelrahman, Pia Olofsson, Folke Sjoberg
INTRODUCTION: Children are a relatively large group among patients with burns in Sweden. We changed the management of children's burns to a flexible, outpatient-based plan. The aim was to follow up the outpatient management for children's burns during the period 2009-2014, and track it, to find out to what extent the patients had been treated flexibly as outpatients, and to clarify the reasons behind those who did not fit in the plan. METHODS: Descriptive retrospective analysis dividing the patients into three groups: inpatients only, flexible management, and outpatients...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318749/experience-and-outcomes-of-micrografting-for-major-paediatric-burns
#6
H Rode, R Martinez, D Potgieter, S Adams, A D Rogers
BACKGROUND: The deficit of donor sites in major burns over 50% of the total body surface area has necessitated the application of methods besides traditional meshed autografting to achieve definitive skin cover. The Meek micrografting technique was introduced at this hospital in 2011, especially in the absence of a reliable source of deceased donor allograft skin. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this strategy with reference to its technical execution, efficacy and indications in the context of major paediatric burn surgery...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318748/computer-tablet-distraction-reduces-pain-and-anxiety-in-pediatric-burn-patients-undergoing-hydrotherapy-a-randomized-trial
#7
Sherwood Burns-Nader, Lindsay Joe, Kelly Pinion
BACKGROUND: Distraction is often used in conjunction with analgesics to minimize pain in pediatric burn patients during treatment procedures. Computer tablets provide many options for distraction items in one tool and are often used during medical procedures. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of tablet distraction in improving the care of pediatric burn patients. AIM: This study examines the effectiveness of tablet distraction provided by a child life specialist to minimize pain and anxiety in pediatric burn patients undergoing hydrotherapy...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314473/complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-burn-pathological-scarring-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Suman Mewa Kinoo, Bhugwan Singh
Chronic pain in burn pathological scarring is not an uncommon occurrence. The mechanisms of pain are not clearly understood and hence the management approach is often a daunting task. However, meticulous physical examination of these patients may classify them as complex regional pain syndrome, type I. We present a patient with classic signs and symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome associated with burn pathological scarring of her left forearm that had a favourable response to a thoracoscopic sympathectomy...
March 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284498/autologous-fat-grafting-it-almost-seems-too-good-to-be-true
#9
LETTER
Pirko Maguina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283308/percutaneous-collagen-induction-as-an-additive-treatment-for-scar-formation-following-thermal-injuries-preliminary-experience-in-47-children
#10
Rainer Kubiak, Bettina Lange
BACKGROUND: Thermal injuries are one of the most physically and psychologically devastating causes of pediatric trauma. Post-traumatic sequelae such as hypertrophic scars and contractures often result in long lasting morbidity and disfigurement. Conservative therapy, including pressure garments and silicone, is the gold standard for scar management in the pediatric population. Most recently percutaneous collagen induction (PCI) was introduced as an alternative treatment in adults. The aim of this report was to share our experience with PCI in children and adolescents in scar management following thermal injuries...
March 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279515/flame-time-of-a-cigarette-lighter-to-achieve-temperature-capable-of-inflicting-a-burn
#11
Svetlana Harel, Brooke Burkey, Autumn D Nanassy, Michele Marcolongo, Evan Phillips, Christine Campbell, Maria D McColgan
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette lighters are frequent vectors in intentional contact burns. Time and temperature needed to cause thermal injury are considered to differentiate accidental from inflicted burns. This study examines the minimum time needed to heat a cigarette lighter's top to temperatures capable of inflicting any clinically visible skin burn. This information could be useful in child abuse and other forensic cases. METHODS: A literature search was performed to establish the time and temperature at which partial/full thickness skin burns are acquired, regardless of vector...
March 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274499/the-effect-of-seasonality-on-burn-incidence-severity-and-outcome-in-central-malawi
#12
Anna F Tyson, Jared Gallaher, Stephen Mjuweni, Bruce A Cairns, Anthony G Charles
INTRODUCTION: In much of the world, burns are more common in cold months. However, few studies have described the seasonality of burns in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the effect of seasonality on the incidence and outcome of burns in central Malawi. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed at Kamuzu Central Hospital and included all patients admitted from May 2011 to August 2014. Demographic data, burn mechanism, total body surface area (%TBSA), and mortality were analyzed...
March 5, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274498/thigh-deep-burns-caused-by-electronic-vaping-devices-e-cigarettes-a-new-mechanism
#13
LETTER
Kevin Serror, Marc Chaouat, Antoine De Runz, Maurice Mimoun, David Boccara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258778/autologous-fat-grafting-it-almost-seems-too-good-to-be-true
#14
LETTER
M E H Jaspers, K M Brouwer, E Middelkoop, P P M van Zuijlen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256293/use-of-a-home-vacuum-assisted-closure-device-in-the-burn-population-is-both-cost-effective-and-efficacious
#15
Oren P Mushin, Jarrod T Bogue, Mica D Esquenazi, Nicole Toscano, Derek E Bell
INTRODUCTION: The vacuum assisted closure device (VAC) improves wound-healing when utilized as a bolster to secure split thickness skin grafts (STSG). Patients typically remain hospitalized for VAC therapy; however, home VACs (hVAC) are now available. Limited studies examine burns treated with hVAC as a STSG bolster. METHOD: A retrospective study of records from an ABA verified regional burn center was conducted over 23 months. Patients included STSGs for burn. Data points included demographics, burn mechanism and location, graft characteristics, hospital length of stay (LOS), and time to heal...
February 27, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233579/human-survival-in-volcanic-eruptions-thermal-injuries-in-pyroclastic-surges-their-causes-prognosis-and-emergency-management
#16
Peter J Baxter, Susanna Jenkins, Rosadi Seswandhana, Jean-Christophe Komorowski, Ken Dunn, David Purser, Barry Voight, Ian Shelley
This study of burns patients from two eruptions of Merapi volcano, Java, in 1994 and 2010, is the first detailed analysis to be reported of thermal injuries in a large series of hospitalised victims of pyroclastic surges, one of the most devastating phenomena in explosive eruptions. Emergency planners in volcanic crises in populated areas have to integrate the health sector into disaster management and be aware of the nature of the surge impacts and the types of burns victims to be expected in a worst scenario, potentially in numbers and in severity that would overwhelm normal treatment facilities...
February 20, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238405/ultrasound-is-a-reproducible-and-valid-tool-for-measuring-scar-height-in-children-with-burn-scars-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-psychometric-properties-and-utility-of-the-ultrasound-and-3d-camera
#17
M Simons, E Gee Kee, R Kimble, Z Tyack
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility and validity of measuring scar height in children using ultrasound and 3D camera. METHOD: Using a cross-sectional design, children with discrete burn scars were included. Reproducibility was tested using Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) for reliability, and percentage agreement within 1mm between test and re-test, standard error of measurement (SEM), smallest detectable change (SDC) and Bland Altman limits of agreement for agreement...
February 18, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196742/comparison-of-different-skin-preservation-methods-with-gamma-irradiation
#18
Linda Guerrero, Bernardo Camacho
Allografts are in constant demand, not only for burn victims, but also for all open wounds as "biological dressings". Tissue quality and security are two of the major concerns of Tissue Banks. There are limited studies published. There has been extensive discussion on the subject of preservation methods for cadaver skin. Most literature available comes from clinical reports. In this research, the authors compared 85% glycerolized non irradiated skin allografts with three glycerolized irradiated skin allografts (using different glycerol concentrations 50%, 70% and 85%)...
February 11, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196609/the-foot-an-important-but-less-noticed-burned-area-of-the-body
#19
LETTER
Ali Akbar Mohammadi, Soheil Mohammadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190540/spectrophotometric-intracutaneous-analysis-for-the-assessment-of-burn-wounds-a-service-evaluation-of-its-clinical-application-in-50-burn-wounds
#20
A Tan, F A Pedrini, G Oni, Q Frew, B Philp, D Barnes, P Dziewulski
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of burn depth can be challenging even to the experienced burn clinician. Clinical assessment is most widely used to determine burn depth. Because of this subjective nature, various imaging modalities have been invented. The use of photospectometry as a novel technique in burn wound depth analysis has been previously described but the literature is very limited. METHODOLOGY: We carried out a single blinded non-randomized comparative study of healing potential of 50 burn wounds between tissue spectrophotometry analysis versus clinical evaluation...
February 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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