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Brain Injury: [BI]

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30240277/critical-appraisal-of-systematic-reviews-of-executive-function-treatments-in-tbi
#1
Anastasia M Raymer, Jane Roitsch, Rachael Redman, Anne M P Michalek, Rachel K Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To appraise the quality of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) that summarize the treatment literature for executive function (EF) impairments following traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We used five data sources (PubMed; PsycINFO; ANCDS.org; Cochrane Collaboration; American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Compendium; Psychological Database for Brain Impairment Treatment Efficacy) and identified 19 reviews that met eligibility criteria (adults with TBI; behavioural treatments for EF impairments; no pharmacologic treatments)...
September 21, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234396/impact-of-wearing-a-helmet-on-the-risk-of-hospitalization-and-intracranial-haemorrhage-after-a-sports-injury
#2
Natalie Le Sage, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Marie-Laurence Prévost, Brice Lionel Batomen Kuimi, Ann-Pier Gagnon, Marcel Émond, Jean-Marc Chauny, Pierre Frémont
BACKGROUND: Despite their reported protective effect against the occurrence of head injuries, helmets are still used inconsistently in sports in which they are optional. We aimed to assess the impact of helmet use on the risk of hospitalization and intracranial haemorrhage for trauma occurring during sport activities. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of all patients who presented themselves, over an 18-month period, at the emergency department of a tertiary trauma centre for an injury sustained in a sport or leisure activity where the use of a helmet is optional...
September 20, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230916/influence-of-study-population-definition-on-the-effect-of-age-on-outcomes-after-blunt-head-trauma
#3
Matthew E Peters, Michael Hsu, Vani Rao, Durga Roy, Bharat R Narapareddy, Kathleen T Bechtold, Haris I Sair, Timothy E Van Meter, Hayley Falk, Anna J Hall, Constantine G Lyketsos, Frederick K Korley
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess whether study population definition influences the effect of age on outcomes after blunt head trauma. We hypothesized that examining 'all comers' receiving head computerized tomography after blunt head trauma, fewer older individuals would meet Veterans Administration and Department of Defense (VA/DoD) criteria for traumatic brain injury (TBI), and would, therefore, display better outcomes than younger cohorts. However, restricting to participants meeting VA/DoD criteria for TBI, we hypothesized that older individuals would have worse outcomes...
September 19, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203989/the-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-haemodynamics-during-intracranial-procedures-a-meta-analysis
#4
Huan He, Wei Peng, Hanlin Luan, Chong Shi, Weifeng Tu
OBJECTIVES: Our aim of this study is to compare the effect of Dexmedetomidine versus placebo for patients with cerebral protection during intracranial procedures. METHODS: Rev.Man 5.1 and Stata 11.0 software is used for this study to make analysis, and use a fixed-effects model (the Mantel-Haenszel method) or a random-effects model (the DerSimonian and Laird method) to merge or aggregate the weighted mean difference (WMD) or risk ratio (RR) and its 95% confidence intervals (CI) of included studies...
September 11, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183385/association-between-cognitive-ability-and-functional-outcomes-following-traumatic-brain-injury-using-a-computer-based-neurocognitive-battery
#5
Sareh Zarshenas, Nora Cullen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the contribution of the Cogstate Brief Battery (CBB TM ) in the explanation of variation of functional outcomes. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the practice-based evidence data set. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation setting. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (≥ 18 years of age) with traumatic brain injury who were consecutively admitted to the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute between 2008 and 2011 (n = 65)...
September 5, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183381/saccadic-impairment-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury-examining-the-influence-of-cognitive-load-and-injury-severity
#6
Mark L Ettenhofer, Jamie N Hershaw, James R Engle, Lars D Hungerford
OBJECTIVE: Previous research suggests that saccadic eye movements can be uniquely sensitive to impairment in chronic traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study was conducted to examine saccadic eye movements across varying levels of cognitive load and TBI history/severity. We hypothesized that saccadic impairment in chronic mild and moderate-severe TBI would be most pronounced under conditions of high cognitive load. METHODS: In total, 61 participants (including n = 20 with chronic mild TBI, n = 15 with chronic moderate-severe TBI, and 26 uninjured controls) completed a battery of conventional neuropsychological tests and the Fusion n-Back Test, which measures manual and saccadic response time (RT) across varying cognitive load and cueing conditions...
September 5, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182749/the-effect-of-linguistic-background-on-rapid-number-naming-implications-for-native-versus-non-native-english-speakers-on-sideline-focused-concussion-assessments
#7
John-Ross Rizzo, Todd E Hudson, Prin X Amorapanth, Weiwei Dai, Joel Birkemeier, Rosa Pasculli, Kyle Conti, Charles Feinberg, Jan Verstraete, Katie Dempsey, Ivan Selesnick, Laura J Balcer, Steven L Galetta, Janet C Rucker
OBJECTIVE: To determine if native English speakers (NES) perform differently compared to non-native English speakers (NNES) on a sideline-focused rapid number naming task. A secondary aim was to characterize objective differences in eye movement behaviour between cohorts. BACKGROUND: The King-Devick (KD) test is a rapid number-naming task in which numbers are read from left-to-right. This performance measure adds vision-based assessment to sideline concussion testing...
September 5, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182741/spirituality-and-its-relationship-with-positive-adjustment-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-scoping-review
#8
Kate Fiona Jones, Julie Pryor, Candice Care-Unger, Grahame K Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To identify the extent of research which has investigated spirituality or closely related meaning-making constructs after traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: A scoping review was employed to capture the broadest possible range of studies. METHODS: Search terms 'spirituality', 'religion', 'beliefs', 'faith', 'hope', 'meaning', 'purpose in life', 'sense of coherence' and 'posttraumatic growth' were combined with search terms related to TBI...
September 5, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182738/-thunder-bolts-and-lightning-survival-and-neurorehabilitation-following-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-secondary-to-lightning-strike
#9
Jane Anketell, F Colin Wilson, John McCann
BACKGROUND: There is a limited evidence base to inform patient management following lightning-induced injuries. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old right-handed Caucasian male struck by lightning while outdoors suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with a recorded 50-min interval before the restoration of spontaneous circulation. Multiple life threatening injuries were sustained and a profound peripheral neuropathy developed. Cognitively, he was remarkably intact. We document his acute admission and his recovery during an inpatient stay in a UK-based Neurorehabilitation Unit...
September 5, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148407/burden-among-caregivers-of-service-members-and-veterans-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Tracey A Brickell, Louis M French, Sara M Lippa, Rael T Lange
OBJECTIVES: To determine the (a) health status and caregiving appraisal and (b) influence of perceived burden on health and appraisal in a sample of caregivers helping service member/veterans (SMVs) following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Participants were caregivers (N = 283, female = 96.1%, 86.2% = spouse/partner) of SMVs who sustained a mild-severe or penetrating TBI. Participants completed the Caregiver Appraisal Scale (CAS) and the SF-36v2 Health Survey (SF-36v2)...
August 27, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136896/sex-and-number-of-concussions-influence-the-association-between-concussion-and-musculoskeletal-injury-history-in-collegiate-athletes
#11
Megan N Houston, Johanna M Hoch, Kenneth L Cameron, John P Abt, Karen Y Peck, Matthew C Hoch
OBJECTIVES: Examine the association between concussion and lower extremity injury in collegiate athletes and the influence of sex and the number of concussions on this relationship. METHODS: A total of 468 collegiate student-athletes (200 Males, 268 Females) were recruited from collegiate athletic facilities of three universities to participate in this retrospective review. Participants provided injury history (concussions, ankle sprains, and knee injuries) information through a survey...
August 23, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136863/variable-saline-resuscitation-in-a-murine-model-of-combined-traumatic-brain-injury-and-haemorrhage
#12
Andrew Jung, Mark Johnson, Rosalie Veile, Lou Ann Friend, Sabre Stevens-Topie, Joel Elterman, Timothy Pritts, Amy Makley, Michael Goodman
BACKGROUND: Resuscitation strategies for combined traumatic brain injury (TBI) with haemorrhage in austere environments are not fully established. Our aim was to establish the effects of various saline concentrations in a murine model of combined TBI and haemorrhage, and identify an effective resuscitative strategy for the far-forward environment. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice underwent closed head injury and subjected to controlled haemorrhage to a systolic blood pressure of 25 mmHg via femoral artery cannulation for 60 min...
August 23, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118616/traumatic-brain-injury-and-stroke-does-recovery-differ
#13
Naomie Castor, Farid El Massioui
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury and stroke often lead to cognitive, neurological and psychological disorders, which can result in many difficulties. Despite the existence of various disorders, improving cognitive capacities may be possible for these two pathologies. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess cognitive recovery in patients with traumatic brain injury and stroke and compare recovery between both groups. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Forty-nine adults who had suffered from mild to severe traumatic brain injury and 42 from stroke were assessed third with a minimum of 2 months between assessments...
August 17, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084694/traumatic-brain-injury-education-for-adult-patients-and-families-a-scoping-review
#14
Tessa Hart, Simon Driver, Angelle Sander, Monique Pappadis, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Claire Bocage, Emma Hinkens, Marie N Dahdah, Xinsheng Cai
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasingly viewed as a chronic condition, bringing long-term needs for patient and caregiver knowledge pertaining to symptom and problem management over time. In light of these needs, we performed a scoping review of the literature on brain injury education provided to adult patients and/ or family members affected by TBI. Objectives were to describe the types of educational interventions that have been developed; to review the effects of these interventions; and to determine gaps that might be filled by future research efforts...
August 7, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30067397/end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-levels-in-patients-with-post-concussion-syndrome-during-neurocognitive-and-physical-tasks-compared-to-a-normative-control-group
#15
Patrick Siedlecki, Paolo Sanzo, Carlos Zerpa, Ian Newhouse
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Recent findings suggest breathing may negatively affect performance after concussion. The aim of the study was to examine group differences between individuals with and without post-concussion syndrome (PCS) in end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2 ) and respiratory rate (RR) during neurocognitive and physical tasks. HYPOTHESIS: Individuals in the PCS group will have elevated ETCO2 and lower RR compared to the control group. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was used in which a capnography unit collected ETCO2 and RR breathing data from 22 participants (control = 17; PCS = 5) during rest, the completion of the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT) battery and while slow and fast walking...
August 1, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059633/fluid-structure-interaction-analysis-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-with-a-comprehensive-head-model-subject-to-a-rapid-acceleration-and-deceleration
#16
Milan Toma, Paul D H Nguyen
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Closed brain injuries are a common danger in contact sports and motorized vehicular collisions. Mild closed brain injuries, such as concussions, are not easily visualized by computed imaging or scans. Having a comprehensive head/brain model and using fluid-structure interaction (FSI) simulations enable us to see the exact movement of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) under such conditions and to identify the areas of brain most affected. RESEARCH DESIGN: The presented work is based on the first FSI model capable of simulating the interaction between the CSF flow and brain...
July 30, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059631/visual-pursuit-of-one-s-own-face-in-disorders-of-consciousness-a-quantitative-analysis
#17
Luigi Trojano, Pasquale Moretta, Orsola Masotta, Vincenzo Loreto, Anna Estraneo
BACKGROUND: Eye behaviour is important to distinguish minimally conscious state (MCS) from vegetative state (VS). OBJECTIVE: To search for conditions most suitable to characterize patients in MCS and in VS on quantitative assessment of visual tracking. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 20 patients in VS, 13 in MCS plus and 11 in MCS minus participated in this study. SETTING: Neurorehabilitation Unit...
July 30, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047796/key-ingredients-to-an-active-rehabilitation-programme-post-concussion-perspectives-of-youth-and-parents
#18
Anne W Hunt, Dylan Laupacis, Emily Kawaguchi, Dayna Greenspoon, Nick Reed
OBJECTIVE: To identify key ingredients in a six-week active rehabilitation intervention from the perspectives of youth recovering from concussion and their parents. METHODS: Surveys with open- and closed-ended questions were administered to youth (N = 38) ages 10-18 years (average = 14.5 years) and their parents (n = 36) immediately post intervention. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were used to analyse data. RESULTS: One hundred percent (N = 38) of youth and 100% (N = 36) of parents reported that the active rehabilitation intervention was helpful...
July 26, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047794/visual-perturbation-impacts-upright-postural-stability-in-athletes-with-an-acute-concussion
#19
Andrea Cripps, Scott Livingston, Yang Jiang, Carl Mattacola, Patrick Kitzman, Patrick McKeon, Emily Dressler, Carolina Quintana
OBJECTIVE: The impact that visual perturbation has on upright postural stability in an athlete with a concussion has not been established. The present study aimed to characterize the influence that visual perturbation stimuli have on upright balance among athletes with acute concussions. DESIGN: A 2X2X2 repeated measure designed was used. METHOD: The present study examined the influence visual perturbation has on individuals suffering from an acute concussion...
July 26, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047782/convergent-and-divergent-validity-of-the-connor-davidson-resilience-scale-in-children-with-concussion-and-orthopaedic-injury
#20
Christianne Laliberté Durish, Keith Owen Yeates, Brian L Brooks
OBJECTIVE: Psychological resilience is an important predictor of outcome in concussion; however, there is no published evidence of psychometric support for use of a measure of psychological resilience in children with concussion. This study examined construct validity of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a paediatric concussion and orthopaedic injury sample. METHODS: Seventy-five children with a history of concussion or orthopaedic injury were recruited from a children's hospital...
July 26, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
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