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Brain Injury: [BI]

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901780/cognitive-correlates-of-pragmatic-language-comprehension-in-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#1
Dane A Rowley, Miles Rogish, Timothy Alexander, Kevin J Riggs
Effective pragmatic comprehension of language is critical for successful communication and interaction, but this ability is routinely impaired following Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) (1,2). Individual studies have investigated the cognitive domains associated with impaired pragmatic comprehension, but there remains little understanding of the relative importance of these domains in contributing to pragmatic comprehension impairment following TBI. This paper presents a systematic meta-analytic review of the observed correlations between pragmatic comprehension and cognitive processes following TBI...
September 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898133/differential-impact-of-treadmill-training-on-stroke-induced-neurological-disorders
#2
Rasoul Rezaei, Maryam Nourshahi, Fariba Khodagholi, Abbas Haghparast, Sanaz Nasoohi, Mohammadreza Bigdeli, Ghorbangol Ashabi
OBJECTIVE: Physical exercise contributes to improving stability against nerve injury caused by ischaemic stroke. Here we aimed to preliminarily investigate the effects of continuous endurance training (CET) and high-intensity interval training (HIT) on stroke-associated anxiety, locomotion, neurological assessments and P70S6 Kinase (P70S6K) activation as well. To do this, rats were trained according to HIT and CET protocols for 2 months prior to being subject to middle cerebral artery occlusion surgery...
September 12, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898132/staged-residential-post-acute-rehabilitation-for-adults-following-acquired-brain-injury-a-comparison-of-functional-gains-rated-on-the-uk-functional-assessment-measure-uk-fim-fam-and-the-mayo-portland-adaptability-inventory-mpai-4
#3
Diana Jackson, Karla Seaman, Kristylee Sharp, Rachel Singer, Janet Wagland, Lynne Turner-Stokes
OBJECTIVE: To compare the UK Functional Assessment Measure (UK FIM+FAM) and Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4) as measures of functional change in patients with brain injury receiving a staged residential post-acute community-based rehabilitation programme. RESEARCH DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study of consecutive admissions (N = 42) over 3 years. METHODS: Patients were assessed at admission and discharge/annual review. We examined groups according to stage of independence on admission: Maximum support (stages 1 and 2: N = 17); moderate/maximum self-care/household support (stage 3: N = 15); minimal self-care and moderate household/community support (stages 4-6: N = 10)...
September 12, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898108/the-safety-of-simultaneous-cranioplasty-and-shunt-implantation
#4
Xiao-Feng Yang, Hao Wang, Liang Wen, Xin Huang, Gu Li, Jiang-Biao Gong
BACKGROUND: A large cranial defect combined with hydrocephalus is a frequent sequela of decompressive craniectomy (DC) performed to treat malignant intracranial hypertension. Currently, many neurosurgeons perform simultaneous cranioplasty and shunt implantation on such patients, but the safety of this combined procedure remains controversial. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 58 patients treated via cranioplasty and shunt implantation after DC. Twenty patients underwent simultaneous procedures (simultaneous operation group) and 38 underwent staged procedures (staged operation group)...
September 12, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876153/neuropsychological-outcome-following-childhood-stroke-a-review
#5
Fiadhnait O'Keeffe, Orlagh Murphy, Vijeya Ganesan, John King, Tara Murphy
OBJECTIVES: Childhood stroke is a rare but devastating occurrence. Its infrequency has meant that a clear body of knowledge has not been fully established regarding its impact on neuropsychological outcome. Our aims were (i) to critically review the recent literature on neuropsychological outcome following childhood stroke; (ii) to investigate the factors related to neuropsychological outcome following childhood stroke. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted and revealed 39 relevant papers from the period 1999-2015...
September 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876149/acute-post-concussive-symptoms-in-young-children
#6
Coco Bernard, Audrey McKinlay, David Krieser, Renee Testa, And Jennie Ponsford
OBJECTIVES: Despite peaks of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) incidence in young children, few studies have examined the nature of post-concussive symptoms (PCSs) in children under the age of eight, whilst controlling for pre-injury symptoms and effects of trauma. The current study aimed to identify which PCSs differentiate children with mTBI from trauma controls early post-injury, and whether these differed among preschool and school-aged children. METHODS: The sample comprised 101 children aged 2-12 presenting to an emergency department, with concussion or other minor bodily injury (control)...
September 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876146/effects-of-concomitant-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-on-resuming-work-after-suffering-from-an-isolated-limb-fracture-a-cohort-study
#7
Marianne Jodoin, Dominique M Rouleau, Camille Larson-Dupuis, Benoit Benoit, Stéphane Leduc, G-Yves Laflamme, Nadia Gosselin, Meriem Sabir, Louis De Beaumont
BACKGROUND: The objective is to explore the effects of concomitant mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) on return to work (RTW), among patients suffering from an isolated limb fracture. This follow-up study included a total of 170 working age subjects with an isolated limb fracture, and was conducted in a phone interview approximately 1-year post trauma. 41 had experienced an mTBI and 129 did not. METHODS: Data were obtained through a phone interview conducted on average 20...
September 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872365/recovery-progression-and-symptom-resolution-in-sport-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Ensie Abbassi, Bess Sirmon-Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the recovery progression of a group of athletes who participated in a concussion management program based on (1) group analysis and (2) individual analysis. SETTING: Concussion management clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty athletes (22 males, 8 females; baseline age = 16.23 ± 2.40 years) who had undergone four assessments: one baseline and three post-injury assessments at 3, 8, 15 days post-injury. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872360/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-walking-endurance-improvements-after-12-months-of-an-individualised-home-and-community-based-exercise-programme-for-people-after-stroke
#9
Ashlee Dunn, Dianne L Marsden, Daniel Barker, Paulette Van Vliet, Neil J Spratt, Robin Callister
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate and longer-term effects of an individually tailored, home- and community-based exercise programme with ongoing remote support in people with stroke on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), ambulation and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Twenty people 5.3 ± 3.5 months post stroke completed the 12-week HowFITSS? exercise programme aimed at increasing CRF and daily physical activity. Support was provided by phone and email, which decreased in frequency over time...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872355/the-role-of-stump-pressure-and-cerebral-oximetry-in-predicting-ischaemic-brain-damage-during-carotid-endarterectomy
#10
Kuzhuget Rossi, Starodubtsev Vladimir, Ignatenko Pavel, Starodubtseva Alexandra, Voroshilina Olga, Ruzankin Pavel, Karpenko Andrey
Objective is to compare the predictive value of stump pressure (SP) and cerebral oximetry (rSO2) levels in the evaluation of ischaemic injury of the cerebrum during clamping of the carotid artery (CCA) without temporary shunt (TS). Methods We included 84 patients with an asymptomatic stenosis (>70%) of the internal carotid artery (ICA) who underwent carotid endarterectomy (CEA) under GA. Cerebral ischaemic tolerance (CIT) was determined on the basis of SP, rSO2 and ∆rSO2 (↓rSO2 from baseline) during CCA...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872354/video-and-clinical-screening-of-national-rugby-league-players-suspected-of-sustaining-concussion
#11
Andrew J Gardner, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Douglas P Terry, Christopher R Levi, Ross Zafonte DO, Grant L Iverson
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed the available sideline Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-Third Edition (SCAT3) performance of players who were removed from play using the 'concussion interchange rule' (CIR), the available video footage of these incidences, and associated return to play and concussion diagnosis decisions. RESEARCH DESIGN: Descriptive, observational case series. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Data were collected from all NRL players who used the CIR during the 2014 season...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872351/neuropsychological-outcome-of-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-its-association-with-late-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-a-cohort-study
#12
Daniele S J Volpe, Nátali C A C Oliveira, A Carlos Santos, Maria B M Linhares, Ana P C P Carlotti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate neuropsychological outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its association with trauma severity and late magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of patients with TBI admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit over 5 years. Trauma severity was determined by Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), neurological outcome by King's Outcome Scale for Childhood Head Injury (KOSCHI) and neuropsychological outcome by Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872345/intra-cerebral-cannabidiol-infusion-induced-neuroprotection-is-partly-associated-with-the-tnf-%C3%AE-tnfr1-nf-%C3%B0%C2%BAb-pathway-in-transient-focal-cerebral-ischaemia
#13
Sepideh Khaksar, Mohammad Reza Bigdeli
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a neurological disease, which, in addition to high mortality, imposes many financial and mental burdens on families and the society. The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of cannabidiol (CBD) on one of the major inflammatory pathways in cerebral ischaemia. METHOD: Using stereotaxic surgery, the cannula was implanted into the right lateral ventricle of rats. CBD (50, 100, and 200 ng/rat; i.c.v.) was administrated for five consecutive days...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872344/quality-of-return-to-work-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-prospective-investigation-of-associations-among-post-concussion-symptoms-neuropsychological-functions-working-status-and-stability
#14
Shao-Ying Chu, Yi-Hsin Tsai, Sheng-Huang Xiao, Sheng-Jean Huang, Chi-Cheng Yang
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Although 'return to work' (RTW) has been always emphasized for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), methodological drawbacks weakened its representativeness. This study thus aims to evaluate the 'work quality' (WQ) which originated from 'working status' and 'working stability' simultaneously, and to further explore the associations among post-concussion symptoms (PCS), neuropsychological functions and WQ. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A total of 179 participants, which included 132 patients with MTBI and 47 healthy participants, were prospectively recruited...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837360/assessment-of-needs-psychological-impact-and-quality-of-life-in-families-of-patients-with-locked-in-syndrome
#15
Zulay Lugo, Fréderic Pellas, Veronique Blandin, Steven Laureys, Olivia Gosseries
OBJECTIVE: Family needs of patients with acquired brain injuries have been studied for about three decades. In this study, we assessed the needs, the quality of life and the psychological state of relatives of patients with locked-in syndrome (LIS). DESIGN: A survey was carried out using the family needs' questionnaire (FNQ). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty relatives of patients with LIS fully completed the FNQ. RESULTS: The most important need reported by families corresponded to the need for medical information...
August 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829667/construct-validity-of-the-functional-assessment-of-verbal-reasoning-and-executive-strategies-favres
#16
Christopher I Higginson, Tom Thompson, Abigail E Benjamin, Allison C Rosales, Katherine L Zane, Marisa Valenti, Karlie Ibrahim, Megan A Rock, Trisha A Chaffee
BACKGROUND: The Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES) is a measure of cognitive-communication and executive functions involving everyday tasks. Scores are predictive of employment status; however, the measure's construct validity is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to assess the linear association of FAVRES test performance with performance on a number of neuropsychological measures in a sample of individuals with neurocognitive deficits...
August 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829662/abundant-unusual-neural-branches-from-the-fornix-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-diffusion-tensor-tractography-study
#17
Sung Ho Jang, Han Do Lee
OBJECTIVES: Since the introduction of diffusion tensor tractography (DTT), several studies have been reported on the mechanisms for the recovery of an injured fornix in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We report on patients who showed abundant unusual neural branches from the fornix following mild TBI using DTT. METHODS: Five patients with mild TBI who complained of memory impairment and showed preserved integrity of the fornix with abundant unusual neural branches on DTT, and eight normal subjects were recruited...
August 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829653/twelve-month-prospective-cohort-study-of-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-and-their-relatives-coping-satisfaction-with-life-and-neurological-functioning
#18
Chiara S Haller
BACKGROUND: To examine the associations between the functioning of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and their relatives' coping style and quality of life across 12 months post-injury. METHODS: Prospective, population-based cohort study assessing 188 patients with severe TBI (Abbreviated Injury Scale of the head region [HAIS] score >3), and their relatives, 3, 6 and 12 months post-injury. Data were drawn from a larger national study run in Switzerland (2007-2011)...
August 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829632/frequency-of-and-factors-associated-with-emergency-department-intracranial-pressure-monitor-placement-in-severe-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Nithya Kannan, Alex Quistberg, Jin Wang, Jonathan I Groner, Richard B Mink, Mark S Wainwright, Michael J Bell, Christopher C Giza, Douglas F Zatzick, Richard G Ellenbogen, Linda Ng Boyle, Pamela H Mitchell, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency of and factors associated with emergency department (ED) intracranial pressure (ICP) monitor placement in severe paediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Retrospective, multicentre cohort study of children <18 years admitted to the ED with severe TBI and intubated for >48 hours from 2007 to 2011. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-four children had severe TBI and 75% underwent either ED, operating room (OR) or paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) ICP monitor placement...
August 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829629/traumatic-brain-injury-and-post-traumatic-amnesia-a-retrospective-review-of-discharge-outcomes
#20
Carlo Divita, Stacey George, Christopher J Barr
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate if patients with traumatic brain injury, who are discharged to the community before emergence from post-traumatic amnesia (PTA), experience more adverse outcomes than those discharged after emergence from PTA. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective review of previously collected data and medical records. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Occurrences of adverse events including hospital readmissions, disengagement from follow-up services, non-compliance with discharge precautions, support system breakdown or undue carer strain at the post-discharge clinic review were recorded...
August 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
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