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Brain Injury: [BI]

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750178/modifying-an-evidence-based-lifestyle-programme-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Simon Driver, Megan Reynolds, Kaye Kramer
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at a risk of obesity-related chronic diseases; yet, no evidence-based strategies exist to support weight management in this population. The purpose of this study was to use participatory action research to modify the Diabetes Prevention Program Group Lifestyle Balance (DPP-GLB) programme for overweight/obese people with TBI. The DPP-GLB programme provides education and self-management skills for individuals to reach their lifestyle goals through healthy eating and physical activity...
July 27, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750174/cognitive-fatigue-an-impaired-cortical-inhibitory-replenishment
#2
Claude Touzet
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: The present study explores the cause of cognitive fatigue in persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI), as also in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Since cognitive fatigue shares many symptoms with chronic sleep deprivation (best described as cumulative excess wakefulness), it was hypothesized that cognitive fatigue is caused by cumulative excess wakefulness because of an impaired sleep efficacy. Recent results about the nature of sleep advocate that sleep aims primarily to replenish the efficiency of cortical inhibitory synapses...
July 27, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750173/the-experiences-of-parenting-a-child-with-an-acquired-brain-injury-a-meta-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#3
Emma Tyerman, Fiona J R Eccles, Victoria Gray
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and then synthesize the qualitative literature on the experience of parenting a child with an acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Systematic literature review and meta-synthesis Methods. A systematic search of the literature was conducted in four databases. Papers which met the inclusion criterion were assessed for quality using the Critical Skills Appraisal Programme (CASP) tool and then synthesized according to Noblit and Hare's (1988) guidelines for meta-ethnography...
July 27, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750171/remediation-of-social-communication-impairments-following-traumatic-brain-injury-using-metacognitive-strategy-intervention-a-pilot-study
#4
Emma Finch, Petrea Cornwell, Anna Copley, Emmah Doig, Jennifer Fleming
OBJECTIVE: To perform a pilot study to evaluate whether a novel metacognitive, goal-based intervention improved and maintained the social communication skills of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Eight community-dwelling participants with TBI completed three study phases: (1) baseline, (2) eight-week intervention targeting social communication impairments and (3) follow-up. Participants completed the Profile of Pragmatic Impairment in Communication (PPIC), LaTrobe Communication Questionnaire (LCQ) and Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) at the commencement of baseline phase, pre- and post-intervention and completion of the follow-up phase...
July 27, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707957/impact-of-psychiatric-symptomatology-on-neuropsychological-assessment-performance-in-persons-with-tbi-a-comparison-of-oef-oif-veteran-and-civilian-samples
#5
Zachary C Merz, P Tyler Roskos, Jeffrey D Gfeller, Richard D Bucholz
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether increased incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder and depressive symptomatology in veterans with combat-related traumatic brain injury might help account for neurocognitive impairment relative to civilians with traumatic brain injury. PARTICIPANTS: Neuropsychological assessment data of 53 Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans and 48 civilians with positive history of traumatic brain injury were analyzed to assess differences with respect to cognitive performance...
July 14, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707953/neural-correlates-of-visual-memory-in-patients-with-diffuse-axonal-injury
#6
Juliane Lauer, Laura Moreno-López, Anne Manktelow, Ellen L Carroll, Joanne G Outtrim, Jonathan P Coles, Virginia F Newcombe, Barbara J Sahakian, David K Menon, Emmanuel A Stamatakis
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neural substrates of visual memory in a sample of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We hypothesized that patients with decreased grey and white matter volume in frontal and parietal cortices as well as medial temporal and occipital lobes would perform poorly on the tests of visual memory analysed. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 39 patients and 53 controls were assessed on tests of visual memory and learning from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB)...
July 14, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699795/provider-perceptions-of-the-assessment-and-rehabilitation-of-sexual-functioning-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Laiene Olabarrieta-Landa, Melissa M Ertl, Lillian Flores Stevens, Alejandra Morlett-Paredes, Nada Andelic, Nathan Zasler
OBJECTIVE: To explore how health care professionals who work with individuals with TBI address issues related to the assessment and treatment of sexuality after TBI. METHODS: A survey composed of 53 questions was developed to evaluate professional training, assessment of sexuality in individuals with TBI and attitudes towards sexuality. The sample consisted of 324 self-identified TBI health care professionals. RESULTS: Ninety seven per cent of participants believed that sexuality should be discussed during rehabilitation; however, 36% reported talking about it...
July 12, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696135/application-of-solution-focused-brief-therapy-sfbt-in-individuals-after-stroke
#8
Hubert M Wichowicz, Lidia Puchalska, Anna M Rybak-Korneluk, Dariusz Gąsecki, Anna Wiśniewska
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) in individuals after stroke on self-efficacy, symptoms of depression and anxiety. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Clinic of Adult Neurology of Medical University of Gdańsk and M. Copernicus Pomeranian Traumatology Centre in Gdańsk. SUBJECTS: A total of 62 patients, aged 54.0 ± 9.6 years. INTERVENTIONS: They were randomly assigned to one of the two groups: SFBT participating in 10 therapy sessions and control - not participating in any psychotherapy...
July 11, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686072/expression-of-masculine-identity-in-individuals-with-a-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Louise C Keegan, Leanne Togher, Macy Murdock, Emma Hendry
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to examine and describe how four males with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) use language to negotiate their masculine identities. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative research methods were employed with a 'case study' design that allows for a detailed description of the cases, and the interactions examined. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The tools of inquiry applied included a topic analysis, as well as linguistic analysis methods that incorporated the theory of Systemic Functional Linguistics...
July 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686065/behaviours-of-concern-following-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-in-individuals-living-in-the-community
#10
A J Hicks, K R Gould, M Hopwood, J Kenardy, I Krivonos, J L Ponsford
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Behaviours of Concern (BoC) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) have a significant negative impact on the daily functioning and quality of life for the individual and their family. However, there has been limited research examining the nature and severity of BoC beyond the acute recovery period, including the perspective of the individual with TBI as well as close others (COs). METHODS AND PROCEDURE: Eighty-nine individuals with predominantly severe TBI, at a mean of 11...
July 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686063/accelerated-cognitive-aging-following-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review
#11
Rodger Ll Wood
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review was to examine relevant clinical and experimental literatures for information on the long-term cognitive impact of serious traumatic brain injury (TBI) with regard to the process of cognitive aging. METHOD: Online journal databases were queried for studies pertaining to cognitive aging in neurologically healthy populations, as well as the late cognitive effects of serious TBI. Additional studies were identified through searching bibliographies of related publications and using Google search engine...
July 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686062/psychometric-properties-and-correlates-of-the-phq-2-and-phq-9-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Jacobus Donders, Kara Darland
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive accuracy of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-2 in predicting PHQ-9 findings and to examine demographic, historical, and injury correlates of PHQ-9 ratings. RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data collected as part of routine clinical outpatient care over a period of 30 months on 168 persons with mild to severe traumatic brain injury, who were referred for neuropsychological evaluation within 1-12 months after injury...
July 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665697/feasibility-stability-and-validity-of-the-four-square-step-test-in-typically-developed-children-and-children-with-brain-damage
#13
Gil Leizerowitz, Michal Katz-Leurer
PURPOSE: To assess feasibility, test-retest reliability and validity of the Four Square Step Test (FSST) in typically developed children (TD), and children with cerebral palsy (CP) and acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: 30 TD children, 20 with CP and 12 with ABI participated in the study. The FSST while sitting and standing, the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and the balance subtest of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test (BOT-2) were assessed. Each child attempted the FSST twice within 1 week...
June 30, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665690/reducing-concussion-symptoms-among-teenage-youth-evaluation-of-a-mobile-health-app
#14
Lise Worthen-Chaudhari, Jane McGonigal, Kelsey Logan, Marcia A Bockbrader, Keith O Yeates, W Jerry Mysiw
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a mobile health application that employs elements of social game design could compliment medical care for unresolved concussion symptoms. DESIGN: Phase I and Phase II (open-label, non-randomized, ecological momentary assessment methodology). SETTING: Outpatient concussion clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Youth, aged 13-18 years, with concussion symptoms 3+ weeks after injury; Phase I: n = 20; Phase II: n = 19...
June 30, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657363/assessment-of-motor-cortex-excitability-and-inhibition-during-a-cognitive-task-in-individuals-with-concussion
#15
Eli K Edwards, Anita D Christie
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine the function of the motor cortex during executive function tasks in individuals with concussion, relative to healthy controls. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to assess motor cortex excitability and inhibition acutely, within 72 hours, and over two months, post-concussion in 23 participants, nine individuals with concussion and 14 controls. Participants performed a cognitive task during TMS to determine the impact of cognitive task on the motor cortex...
June 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657359/social-communication-assessment-during-post-traumatic-amnesia-and-the-post-acute-period-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Joanne Steel, Alison Ferguson, Elizabeth Spencer, Leanne Togher
BACKGROUND: Social communication impairment is a persisting and debilitating consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, there has been little empirical speech-language pathology (SLP) study focusing on the early stage of recovery after TBI, including during post-traumatic amnesia (PTA). This research reports on social communication presentation and recovery during late PTA and the post-acute period, assessed with standardized measures. METHOD: Using mixed-methods case study research, four participants with severe TBI were assessed with social communication assessment measures over the later stages of PTA and/or at PTA emergence, and at follow-up three months later...
June 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657355/a-single-error-is-one-too-many-examining-alternative-cutoffs-on-trial-2-of-the-tomm
#17
Laszlo A Erdodi, Jaspreet K Rai
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the potential of alternative, more liberal cutoffs on Trial 2 of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) to improve classification accuracy relative to the standard cutoffs (≤44). METHOD: The sample consisted of 152 patients (49.3% male) with psychiatric conditions (PSY) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred for neuropsychological assessment in a medico-legal setting (MAge = 44.4, MEducation = 11.9 years). Classification accuracy for various TOMM Trial 2 cutoffs was computed against three criterion measures...
June 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657353/probing-consciousness-in-a-sensory-disconnected-paralyzed-patient
#18
Benjamin Rohaut, Federico Raimondo, Damien Galanaud, Mélanie Valente, Jacobo Diego Sitt, Lionel Naccache
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of consciousness can be very challenging in some clinical situations such as severe sensory-motor impairments. CASE STUDY: We report the case study of a patient who presented a total "locked-in syndrome" associated with and a multi-sensory deafferentation (visual, auditory and tactile modalities) following a protuberantial infarction. RESULT: In spite of this severe and extreme disconnection from the external world, we could detect reliable evidence of consciousness using a multivariate analysis of his high-density resting state electroencephalogram...
June 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657350/bispectral-index-as-a-predictor-of-unsalvageable-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Saeed Mahmood, Ayman El-Menyar, Amr Shabana, Ismail Mahmood, Mohammad Asim, Husham Abdelrahman, Hassan Al-Thani
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the utility of bispectral index (BIS) monitoring to diagnose brain death (BD) in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted for patients with severe TBI between 2012 and 2014. MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: This study included 62 patients with a mean age of 32.5 ± 10.5 years. Nine patients had BD on admission with a sustainable BIS value of 0...
June 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650256/extent-of-impaired-axoplasmic-transport-and-neurofilament-compaction-in-traumatically-injured-axon-at-various-strains-and-strain-rates
#20
Anita Singh
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Secondary axotomy is more prevalent than the primary axotomy and involves subtle intraaxonal changes in response to the injury leading to cytoskeletal disruptions including neurofilament (NF) misalignment and compaction, which is associated with the genesis of impaired axoplasmic transport (IAT). Recent studies have reported two differential axonal responses to injury, one associated with the cytoskeletal collapse and another with the IAT. The objective of this study was to determine the extent of IAT and early NF changes in axons that were subjected to a stretch of various degrees at different strain rates...
June 26, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
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