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Brain Injury: [BI]

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156141/factors-influencing-mother-child-communication-about-fathers-with-neurobehavioural-sequelae-after-brain-injury
#1
Shiho Takanashi, Mariko Sakka, Iori Sato, Shu Watanabe, Shota Tanaka, Ayumi Ooshio, Nobuhito Saito, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
OBJECTIVE: The present study clarified factors related to mother-child communication openness when fathers suffer neurobehavioural sequelae after stroke or traumatic brain injury. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using self-report anonymous questionnaires was conducted. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Forty-one mothers with 6-22-year-old children participated. The questionnaire examined personal factors (mother's psychological distress), social/family factors (family support functioning), illness-related factors (father's time at home and neurobehavioural sequelae severity) and mother's perceived level of open communication...
February 3, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156140/short-term-neurocognitive-and-symptomatic-outcomes-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-prospective-multi-centre-observational-cohort-study
#2
Benjamin M Bloom, Kathryn Kinsella, Jason Pott, Hiren C Patel, Tim Harris, Fiona Lecky, Rupert Pearse
OBJECTIVE: To determine the short-term cognitive and symptomatic outcome following mild traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Setting: Emergency Departments of two UK tertiary referral hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients presenting to the Emergency Departments of the Royal London Hospital and Salford Royal Hospital with suspected traumatic brain injury within 24 hours and Glasgow Coma Score > 8. A non-TBI comparison group included adult patients with no head or neck injury...
February 3, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156136/plasma-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-levels-predict-intensive-care-unit-mortality-early-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Daniel Simon, Joice Evaldt, Débora Dreher Nabinger, Mariano Feraboli Fontana, Mirelli Gabardo Klein, Julia do Amaral Gomes, Andrea Regner
OBJECTIVES: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is an inducible metalloproteinase that can degrade the cerebrovascular matrix leading to disruption of the blood-brain barrier and exacerbation of oedema in neurotrauma. Therefore, our aim was to determine whether MMP-9 plasma levels were associated with intensive care unit (ICU) mortality after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) despite the presence of extracerebral injuries. METHODS: This cohort enrolled 80 patients who suffered severe TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale: 3-8 at hospital admission)...
February 3, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156135/pituitary-gland-trauma-in-fatal-nonsurgical-closed-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Olufemi Emmanuel Idowu, John O Obafunwa, Sunday O Soyemi
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury to pituitary gland can lead to significant endocrine dysfunctions. The aim of this study is to define the frequency of pituitary gland injury in patients with fatal nonsurgical closed traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to correlate if any, the type of craniocerebral injury associated with the pituitary gland injury. METHODS: The study is a prospective autopsy review of 30 adult patients with fatal closed TBI. Patients who had any form of neurosurgical intervention were excluded from the study...
February 3, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140672/head-injury-serum-markers-for-assessing-response-to-trauma-design-of-the-headsmart-study
#5
Matthew E Peters, Vani Rao, Kathleen T Bechtold, Durga Roy, Haris I Sair, Jeannie-Marie Leoutsakos, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Robert D Stevens, D Scott Batty, Hayley Falk, Christopher Fernandez, Uju Ofoche, Alexandra Vassila, Anna J Hall, Braden Anderson, Edward Bessman, Constantine G Lyketsos, Allen D Everett, Jennifer Van Eyk, Frederick K Korley
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis and risk stratification of traumatic brain injury (TBI) at time of presentation remains a clinical challenge. The Head Injury Serum Markers for Assessing Response to Trauma study (HeadSMART) aims to examine blood-based biomarkers for diagnosing and determining prognosis in TBI. METHODS: HeadSMART is a 6-month prospective cohort study comparing emergency department patients evaluated for TBI (exposure group) to (1) emergency department patients evaluated for traumatic injury without head trauma and (2) healthy persons...
January 31, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140659/protective-effect-of-mild-induced-hypothermia-against-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rats-involved-in-necroptotic-and-apoptotic-pathways
#6
Hai-Bo Zhang, Shi-Xiang Cheng, Yue Tu, Sai Zhang, Shi-Ke Hou, Zhen Yang
AIM: To investigate the protective effect of hypothermia (HT) on brain injury in moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) rat models and the potential mechanisms, especially the involvement of RIPK1 in apoptosis and necroptosis. METHODS: Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to four groups: sham+normothermia (sham+NT), sham+hypothermia (sham+HT), moderate TBI+normothermia (TBI+NT) and moderate TBI+hypothermia (TBI+HT). The sham+HT and TBI+HT groups were submitted to 32°C for 6 hours...
January 31, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128655/longitudinal-changes-in-diffusion-tensor-imaging-parameters-of-the-corpus-callosum-between-6-and-12-months-after-diffuse-axonal-injury
#7
Johan Ljungqvist, Daniel Nilsson, Maria Ljungberg, Eva Esbjörnsson, Catherine Eriksson-Ritzén, Thomas Skoglund
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (MR-DTI) is used increasingly to detect diffuse axonal injury (DAI) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in the diffusion tensor imaging parameters of the corpus callosum 6 and 12 months after TBI, to optimize the timing of follow-up DTI investigations. A secondary goal was to study the relationship between DTI parameters and outcome. RESEARCH DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective study...
January 27, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128653/possible-central-nervous-system-oxygen-toxicity-seizures-among-us-recreational-air-or-enriched-air-nitrox-open-circuit-diving-fatalities-2004-2013
#8
P Buzzacott, P J Denoble
BACKGROUND: The first diver certification programme for recreational 'enriched air nitrox' (EAN) diving was released in 1985. Concerns were expressed that many EAN divers might suffer central nervous system (CNS) oxygen toxicity seizures and drown. METHODS: US fatalities on open-circuit scuba occurring between 2004-2013, where the breathing gas was either air or EAN, were identified. Causes of death and preceding circumstances were examined by a medical examiner experienced in diving autopsies...
January 27, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125307/chinese-translation-of-the-coma-recovery-scale-revised
#9
Haibo Di, Minhui He, Ying Zhang, Lijuan Cheng, Fuyan Wang, Yunzhi Nie, Wangshan Huang, Steven Laureys, Caroline Schnakers
BACKGROUND: Misdiagnosis rate is high in patients with disorders of consciousness, potentially leading to an inappropriate clinical management of these patients. Sensitive standardised rating scales offer some protections from these diagnostic errors. In this context, the use of the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) has strongly been recommended by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. OBJECTIVE: Here, we present the work that has been performed to translate this important diagnostic tool in Chinese...
January 26, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125305/a-systematic-literature-review-of-psychotherapeutic-treatment-of-prolonged-symptoms-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Kjersti Bergersen, Joar Øveraas Halvorsen, Einar Aagaard Tryti, Solveig Isabel Taylor, Alexander Olsen
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) are the most common of traumatic brain injuries and patients often experience a wide range of symptoms such as headache, fatigue, dizziness, sleep problems and subjective cognitive deficits. While most symptomatic patients recover quickly, a sub-group of ~ 10-20% of patients experience prolonged symptoms. There is currently a lack of evidence-based treatment for these patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present paper was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on psychotherapeutic interventions specifically for patients with prolonged symptoms (> 3 months after injury) after mTBI...
January 26, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125292/statement-of-removal
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112980/trajectory-of-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-non-geriatric-and-geriatric-survivors-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Chiara S Haller, Cecile Delhumeau, Michael De Pretto, Rahel Schumacher, Laura Pielmaier, Marie My Lien Rebetez, Guy Haller, Bernhard Walder
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate disability and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) 3, 6 and 12 months after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in non-geriatric (≤ 65 years) and geriatric patients (> 65 years). METHODS: Patients ≥ 16 years who sustained a severe TBI (Abbreviated Injury Scale of the head region > 3) were included in this prospective, multi-centre study. Outcome measures were Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended (GOSE; disability), SF-12 (HRQoL)...
January 23, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102714/validity-and-reliability-of-a-questionnaire-to-assess-social-skills-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-preliminary-study
#13
Heather M Francis, Katherine Osborne-Crowley, Skye McDonald
OBJECTIVE: To describe the reliability and validity of a new measure, the Social Skills Questionnaire for Traumatic Brain Injury (SSQ-TBI). METHODS: Fifty-one adults with severe TBI completed the SSQ-TBI questionnaire. Scores were compared to informant- and self-report on questionnaires addressing frontal lobe mediated behaviour, as well as performance on an objective measure of social cognition and neuropsychological tasks, in order to provide evidence of concurrent, divergent and predictive validity...
January 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102697/goal-intention-reminding-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-feasibility-study-using-implementation-intentions-and-text-messaging
#14
Tessa Hart, Monica J Vaccaro
OBJECTIVE: To examine feasibility of participant-created implementation intentions, delivered as text message reminders, to enhance goal-related activity in persons with chronic, moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial on effects of 8 weeks receiving goal-related implementation intentions (GI) compared to control condition, educational review regarding goals (GR). PARTICIPANTS: Eight persons with moderate/severe TBI nearing discharge from intensive outpatient brain injury treatment...
January 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095052/increased-gamma-connectivity-during-working-memory-retention-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Neil W Bailey, Nigel C Rogasch, Kate E Hoy, Jerome J Maller, Rebecca A Segrave, Caley M Sullivan, Paul B Fitzgerald
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Alterations to functional connectivity following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) may lead to impaired cognitive performance and major depressive disorder (MDD). In particular, functional gamma band connectivity is thought to reflect information binding important for working memory. The objective of this study was to determine whether altered functional gamma connectivity may be a factor in MDD following TBI (TBI-MDD). RESEARCH DESIGN: This study assessed individuals with TBI-MDD, as well as individuals with TBI alone and MDD alone using electroencephalographic recordings while participants performed a working memory task to assess differences in functional connectivity between these groups...
January 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095051/improving-personal-self-advocacy-skills-for-individuals-with-brain-injury-a-randomized-pilot-feasibility-study
#16
Lenore Hawley, Don Gerber, Clare Morey
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a self-advocacy intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel-design, randomized feasibility study. METHODS: Twelve participants, 1-year or more post-ABI (TBI and cerebral vascular accident (CVA)), were randomized into treatment/control groups. The treatment group received a group intervention and workbook; the control group received the workbook only. Outcome measures, taken at baseline, post-treatment and 6-weeks follow-up, included the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) and two exploratory measures developed for the study: the Self Advocacy Scale (SAS) and the Personal Advocacy Activity Scale (PAAS)...
January 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095032/the-trajectories-of-overall-disability-in-the-first-5-years-after-moderate-and-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Marit V Forslund, Cecilie Roe, Paul B Perrin, Solrun Sigurdardottir, Juan Lu, Svein Berntsen, Nada Andelic
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: To assess longitudinal trajectories of overall disability after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to examine whether those trajectories could be predicted by socio-demographic and injury characteristics. METHODS: Demographics and injury characteristics of 105 individuals with moderate-to-severe TBI were extracted from medical records. At the 1-, 2-, and 5-year follow-ups, TBI-related disability was assessed by the GOSE. A hierarchical linear model (HLM) was used to examine functional outcomes up to 5 years following injury and whether those outcomes could be predicted by: time, gender, age, relationship, education, employment pre-injury, occupation, GCS, cause of injury, length of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA), CT findings and injury severity score, as well as the interactions between each of these predictors and time...
January 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095027/severe-and-extensive-traumatic-axonal-injury-following-minor-and-indirect-head-trauma
#18
Sung Ho Jang, Han Do Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study reports on a patient with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) who showed severe and extensive traumatic axonal injury (TAI) of various neural tracts following minor and indirect head trauma, which was demonstrated by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 26-year-old female patient suffered from indirect head trauma resulting from flexion-hyperextension injury after being hit from behind by a slowly moving car. At the time of head trauma, she felt tingling sensation on her four extremities; however, she did not experience loss of consciousness...
January 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102716/recognition-of-service-dr-william-w-mckinlay-ba-msc-phd-cpsychol
#19
Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Nathan D Zasler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102704/thimerosal-exposure-and-disturbance-of-emotions-specific-to-childhood-and-adolescence-a-case-control-study-in-the-vaccine-safety-datalink-vsd-database
#20
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Kristin G Homme, Mark R Geier
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated Thimerosal-containing childhood vaccines and the risk of a diagnosis called disturbance of emotions specific to childhood and adolescence (ED). Thimerosal is an organic-mercury (Hg)-containing compound used in some vaccines. METHODS: A hypothesis-testing prospective, longitudinal case-control study evaluated Hg exposure from Thimerosal in hepatitis B vaccines administered at specific times within the first 6 months of life and its association with medically diagnosed ED (313...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
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