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Brain Injury: [BI]

Sung Ho Jang, Seong Ho Kim, Jeong Pyo Seo
OBJECTIVES: We reported on a patient with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) who showed recovery of an injured cingulum concurrent with improvement of short-term memory, which was demonstrated on follow-up diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). METHODS: A 55-year-old male patient suffered head trauma resulting from falling from approximately 2 m while working at a construction site. The patient showed mild memory impairment (especially short-term memory impairment) at 3 months after onset: Memory Assessment Scale (global memory: 95 (37%ile), short-term memory: 75 (5%ile), verbal memory: 80 (9%ile) and visual memory: 112 (79%ile))...
November 15, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Nicole Reams, Julie Anderson, Reid Perlman, Wei Li, Shaun Walters, Samuel Tideman, Chi Wang, Kelly Simon, Roberta Frigerio, Demetrius M Maraganore
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there were differences in clinical outcomes for ioflupane I(123) injection (DaTscan) and single photon emission tomography consistent with early Parkinson's disease (PD) among individuals with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). METHODS: We performed a case-control study among patients presenting to the Emergency Room (ER) during 2006-2013 with mTBI (cases, n = 34) or without mTBI (controls, n = 33). We performed clinical and imaging measurements in cases and controls at least 1-year post-presentation to the ER (average three years four months)...
November 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Elizabeth Stein, Waylon Howard, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Frederick P Rivara, Douglas Zatzick, Carolyn A McCarty
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the symptom trajectories of depressive and post-concussive symptoms (PCS) in slow-to-recover adolescents to understand how the two sets of symptoms are related. RESEARCH DESIGN: We used data from a randomized clinical trial of a collaborative care intervention for post-concussive symptoms to better understand how these two sets of symptoms change in parallel over 6 months. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: PCS and depressive symptom scores for 49 adolescents (ages 11-17) were measured at enrolment and after 1, 3, and 6 months...
November 8, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Janelle M Gesch, Nancy L Low Choy, Benjamin K Weeks, Margarida Nascimento, Michael Steele, Suzanne S Kuys
BACKGROUND: The Acute Brain Injury Physiotherapy Assessment (ABIPA) is a new outcome measure with face validity and sensitivity to change in the early stages of neuromotor recovery after acquired brain injury (ABI). Reliability of physiotherapists using the tool has not been established. OBJECTIVE: Determine inter- and intra-tester reliability of physiotherapists using the ABIPA. METHODS: An observational study using video-recorded assessments of patient performance (n = 7) was undertaken with two cohorts of physiotherapists: those receiving training (n = 23) and those provided with guidelines only (n = 7) to administer the ABIPA...
November 8, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Elizabeth Dvorak, Caroline van Heugten
OBJECTIVE: To summarise the current research on the effectiveness of the Amsterdam Memory and Attention Training for Children (Amat-c). METHODS: A literature search was conducted to find articles published about the Amat-c, using PubMed, psychINFO, and PsychBITE databases. Relevant search terms included Amat-c, attention and memory, and childhood ABI. RESULTS: Our literature search identified 7 articles that described 5 separate studies including 61 children in total (mostly TBI)...
November 8, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Heather Dillon Anderson, Scott A Biely
OBJECTIVE: To establish normative values for the King-Devick (K-D) test to be used as a reference for determining impairment related to concussion when individual baseline scores are lacking. METHOD: Baseline K-D scores were collected for 243 participants aged 18-86. RESULTS: The mean age of subjects was 40.46; range 18-86 years. The mean time was 42.2 seconds; 26.19-75.96 seconds. There was a relationship (r = 0.376) between K-D score and age; scores increased (worsened) with age...
November 8, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Erhard Trillingsgaard Næss-Schmidt, Jakob Udby Blicher, Anna Tietze, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Andreas Schröder, Mille Møller Thastum, Astrid Høeg Tuborgh, Oana-Veronica Frederiksen, Leif Østergaard, Simon Fristed Eskildsen, Brian Hansen, Sune Jespersen, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the microstructure of the corpus callosum, thalamus and hippocampus, as measured with diffusion and Mean of the Kurtosis Tensor (MKT) MRI, differs between healthy subjects and patients with extensive and minimal post-concussion symptoms (PCS) and that MKT measures correlate with PCS severity and self-reported cognitive symptoms. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional study comparing patients with extensive PCS and patients with minimal PCS 2-5 months after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with each other and with an external healthy control group...
November 2, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Samantha Lissauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
By Dr Kathleen Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Shima Shahjouei, Mohsen Sadeghi-Naini, Zhihui Yang, Firas Kobeissy, Disa Rathore, Farhad Shokraneh, Spiros Blackburn, Geoff T Manley, Kevin K W Wang
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health concern. The purpose of this study is to identify the diagnostic accuracy of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1)-a protein biomarker-in comparison with CT-scan findings post-TBI. Accordingly, we conducted a systematic review of eligible studies and assessed the risk of bias according to the QUADAS-2 checklist. A total of 13 reports from 10 original studies were included. Based on our analysis, serum UCH-L1 has a high accuracy in predicting CT findings in mild to moderate TBI...
October 31, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Carol Sampson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Ashlee McKeon, Lauren Terhorst, Elizabeth Skidmore, Dan Ding, Rory Cooper, Michael McCue
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a novel tool for measuring behavioural dysregulation in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) using objective data sources and real-world application and provide preliminary evidence for its psychometric properties. RESEARCH DESIGN: Fourteen adults with TBI receiving services at a local brain injury rehabilitation programme completed multiple assessments of behaviour and followed by a series of challenging problem-solving tasks while being video recorded...
October 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Gregory J Tierney, Ciaran K Simms
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence of chronic injury to the head-and-neck region of Rugby Union players. The aim of this study was to use multibody simulations to examine the effects of tackle height on both Tackler and Ball Carrier head kinematics and neck dynamics. RESEARCH DESIGN: Quantitative Exploratory Study Methods and procedures: 45 front-on shoulder tackles with no direct contact to the head/neck were simulated with the MADYMO pedestrian model and used to assess differences between upper body tackles and lower body tackles...
October 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Sheila MacDonald
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Communication impairments associated with acquired brain injury (ABI) are devastating in their impact on family, community, social, academic, and vocational participation. Despite international evidence-based guidelines for communication interventions, evidence practice gaps include under identification of communication deficits, infrequent referrals, and inadequate treatment to realize functional communication outcomes. Evidence-informed communication intervention requires synthesis of abundant interdisciplinary research...
October 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Vivienne Tran, Mary K Lam, Krestina L Amon, Melissa Brunner, Monique Hines, Merrolee Penman, Robyn Lowe, Leanne Togher
OBJECTIVE: To identify literature which discusses the barriers and enablers of eHealth technology and which evaluates its role in facilitating interdisciplinary team work for the care of people with a traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified by searching CINAHL, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science. STUDY SELECTION: Studies included in the review were required to feature an eHealth intervention which assisted interdisciplinary care for people with TBI...
October 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Lisa A Brenner, Trisha A Hostetter, Sean M Barnes, Kelly A Stearns-Yoder, Kelly A Soberay, Jeri E Forster
OBJECTIVES: To explore the differences in negative psychiatric outcomes (i.e. type and number of psychiatric diagnoses, suicide risk) among Veterans with and without a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) seeking homeless services. METHODS: Observational design with data collected at one time-point. Veterans seeking homeless services from two Veteran Affairs (VA) Medical Centres completed study measures (n = 309; 282 with a history of TBI and 27 without a history of TBI)...
October 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Danielle M Dobney, Lisa Grilli, Helen Kocilowicz, Christine Beaulieu, Meghan Straub, Debbie Friedman, Isabelle Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent to which post-concussion symptoms were influenced by participation in an Active Rehabilitation (AR) program (aerobic exercise, coordination drills, visualization and education) for children and adolescents who are slow to recover from concussion. A secondary exploratory objective included examining the influence of sex on symptom evolution. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively collected data was performed on 277 youth who initiated an AR program, between three and four weeks post-injury at a Concussion Clinic in a tertiary care paediatric teaching hospital...
October 23, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Megan Geytenbeek, Jennifer Fleming, Emmah Doig, Tamara Ownsworth
OBJECTIVE: To describe the occurrence of impaired self-awareness (ISA) after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its association with emotional distress and psychosocial functioning following discharge. DESIGN: Prospective cohort design with data collection at discharge and 1-, 3- and 6-month follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: 81 adults with TBI. MEASURES: Self-awareness was measured using a discrepancy score generated from the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Index (MPAI-4) Ability subscale, and significant other's ratings of Item 20 on the MPAI-4...
October 23, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Melloney L M Wijenberg, Sven Z Stapert, Jeanine A Verbunt, Jennie L Ponsford, Caroline M Van Heugten
BACKGROUND: A minority of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) experience a persistent symptom complex also known as post-concussion syndrome. Explanations for this syndrome are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the fear avoidance model, including catastrophizing thoughts and fear avoidance behaviour, poses a possible biopsychosocial explanation for lingering symptoms and delay in recovery after traumatic brain injury (TBI) with special focus on mTBI...
October 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
M Nekludov, B-M Bellander, D Gryth, H Wallen, F Mobarrez
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: to investigate the presence of circulating microparticles (MPs) of brain tissue origin in the systemic and cerebrovenous blood of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: Prospective observational study in 15 consecutive patients with severe isolated TBI. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We repeatedly measured concentrations of MPs expressing glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and aquaporin-4 (AQP4), in arterial and cerebrovenous blood at admittance to hospital and up to 72 hours after the injury...
October 3, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
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