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Brain Injury: [BI]

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440687/the-consequence-of-spatial-visual-processing-dysfunction-caused-by-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi
#1
William V Padula, Jose E Capo-Aponte, William V Padula, Eric L Singman, Jonathan Jenness
OBJECTIVE: A bi-modal visual processing model is supported by research to affect dysfunction following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI causes dysfunction of visual processing affecting binocularity, spatial orientation, posture and balance. Research demonstrates that prescription of prisms influence the plasticity between spatial visual processing and motor-sensory systems improving visual processing and reducing symptoms following a TBI. RATIONALE: The rationale demonstrates that visual processing underlies the functional aspects of binocularity, balance and posture...
April 25, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440675/near-infrared-spectroscopy-nirs-to-detect-traumatic-intracranial-haematoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Robert J Brogan, Vassilios Kontojannis, Bhavin Garara, Hani J Marcus, Mark H Wilson
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: Head injury is the most common trauma presentation to UK emergency departments, with around 1.2 million patients each year. The key management principal for this time critical illness remains early surgical intervention. With the development of handheld near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) devices, there is now the possibility of triaging and diagnosing these patients immediately, where computed tomography (CT) scanner is unavailable. NIRS has two related but distinct potential uses within clinical medicine...
April 25, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421820/characteristics-associated-with-physical-activity-capacity-and-performance-in-children-and-adolescents-with-an-acquired-brain-injury
#3
Emmah Baque, Lee Barber, Leanne Sakzewski, Robert Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
AIM: To examine characteristics associated with physical activity capacity and performance in children with acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: 58 children (32 men; age 11 years 11 months ± 2 years 6 months; Gross motor function classification system [GMFCS] equivalent I = 29, II = 29) >12 months post ABI were recruited. Physical activity capacity measures included: (i) combined score of three 30-second repetition maximum functional strength exercises; (ii) timed up and go; (iii) 6-minute walk test and (iv) high-level mobility assessment tool (HiMAT)...
April 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414250/longitudinal-changes-in-brain-morphology-from-4-weeks-to-12-months-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-associations-with-cognitive-functions-and-clinical-variables
#4
T Hellstrom, L T Westlye, S Sigurdardottir, C Brunborg, H L Soberg, Ø Holthe, A Server, M J Lund, O A Andreassen, N Andelic
OBJECTIVE: To investigate longitudinal changes in cortical and subcortical volumes in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and to evaluate whether such changes were associated with self-reported post-concussive symptoms, global functional outcomes and neuropsychological functioning. METHODS: This was a prospecitve, longitudinal cohort study of patients with complicated (i.e presence of intracranial abnormalities on the day of injury CT) and uncomplicated MTBI (i...
April 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414249/psychological-distress-is-associated-with-altered-cognitive-functioning-in-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness
#5
P Moretta, O Masotta, E Crispino, G Castronovo, S Ruvolo, C Montalbano, V Loreto, L Trojano, A Estraneo
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the possible presence of reduced cognitive efficiency in family caregivers of patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (DOC). SUBJECTS: The participants were 27 caregivers of 25 patients with DOC admitted to the severe brain injury units of the ICS Maugeri, Institutes of Telese Terme and Sciacca, Italy. METHODS: We examined cognitive functions such as short- and long-term memory, executive functions and attention by means of standardized tests...
April 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414248/factors-that-predict-discharge-recommendations-following-paediatric-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Rachel M Roberts, Jessica Bunting, Mark Pertini
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors that predict discharge recommendations for children and adolescents who present to an Australian paediatric Emergency Department (ED) following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective data base analysis. METHODS: The study retrospectively analysed an ED database to test the relationship between injury risk factors (symptoms, Glasgow Coma Scale, prior TBI, mechanism of injury and Computed Tomography scan), non-injury risk factors (sex, age, socio-economic status (SES)) and discharge recommendations of 2807 children and adolescents (0-18 years) who presented to a children's hospital ED over a three year period with mTBI...
April 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406332/development-of-an-eye-tracking-method-to-assess-mental-set-switching-in-people-with-aphasia
#7
Sabine Heuer, Melissa Lu Pinke
BACKGROUND: Deficits in cognitive flexibility contribute to impaired functional communication in people with aphasia. Understanding the relationship between functional communication and cognitive flexibility in people with neurologic communication disorders is important. However, traditional methods to assess mental set switching pose significant linguistic, cognitive and motoric response confounds. Eye-tracking methods have great potential to address these challenges. AIMS: The goal of this study was to develop and validate an eye-tracking method to index mental set switching in individuals without neurological impairment based upon performance on a nonlinguistic switching task...
April 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406325/akinetic-mutism-in-a-patient-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-diffusion-tensor-tractography-study
#8
Sung Ho Jang, Hyeok Gyu Kwon
OBJECTIVES: Akinetic mutism (AM) is characterized by a complete absence of spontaneous behaviour and speech. We report on a patient with AM associated with injury of the prefronto-caudate tract and prefronto-thalamic tract following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old man suffered from TBI resulting from a pedestrian car accident. Following the TBI, he developed abulia (decreased activity and speech) that worsened over approximately a year...
April 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406316/five-year-follow-up-of-persons-with-brain-injury-entering-the-french-vocational-and-social-rehabilitation-programme-ueros-return-to-work-life-satisfaction-psychosocial-and-community-integration
#9
M Cogné, L Wiart, A Simion, P Dehail, J-M Mazaux
BACKGROUND: Social and vocational reintegration of persons with brain injury is an important element in their rehabilitation. AIMS: To evaluate the 5-year outcome of persons with brain injury included in 2008 in the Aquitaine Unit for Evaluation, Training and Social and Vocational Counselling programme (UEROS). METHOD: 57 persons with brain injury were recruited from those who completed the 2008 UEROS programme. Five years later, an interview was done to assess family and vocational status, autonomy and life satisfaction...
April 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362120/traumatic-brain-injury-rehabilitation-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-time-to-rehabilitation-admission-length-of-stay-and-functional-outcome
#10
Hazem Qannam, Husam Mahmoud, W Ben Mortenson
OBJECTIVES: (1) Describe trends in time to rehabilitation admission and rehabilitation length of stay (LOS), (2) compare functional independence at discharge from rehabilitation between patients who arrived directly from acute care versus those from elsewhere and (3) identify independent predictors of functional outcomes following rehabilitation. SETTING: Traumatic brain injuries rehabilitation unit of King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: We collected information on time from injury to rehabilitation admission, rehabilitation LOS, functional independence measure (FIM) score (admission and discharge) and demographic variables for 66 patients who arrived to rehabilitation from acute care and 142 patients who arrived from elsewhere...
March 31, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350252/long-term-cognitive-and-neuroanatomical-stability-in-patients-with-anoxic-amnesia-a-case-report
#11
Kacie L Wright, C Brock Kirwan, Shawn D Gale, Ashley J Levan, Ramona O Hopkins
BACKGROUND: Anoxia can result in selective hippocampal damage with associated impairments in declarative memory. Whilst memory impairments and brain structures are thought to be stable, there are little data regarding the effects of ageing or change over time in patients with amnesia from anoxic brain injury. METHODS: To assess change over time, we compared structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with data obtained over ten years previously in two well-characterized patients with amnesia (JRW and RS) who experienced an anoxic brain injury...
March 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350191/persons-with-brain-injury-and-employment-supports-long-term-employment-outcomes-and-use-of-community-based-services
#12
Alisa Grigorovich, Mary Stergiou-Kita, Thecla Damianakis, Guylaine Le Dorze, Carolyn Lemsky, Debbie Hebert
OBJECTIVES: To understand how employment services (ES) are provided to persons with brain injuries (PWBIs) in Ontario, Canada, and the impact service delivery has on competitive-employment outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: A mixed-method case study of one community-based agency that provides specialized services to PWBIs. Relationships between demographic, service-related variables and employment outcomes (2009-2014) were analysed using chi-squares and analyses of variance...
March 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350190/additive-effects-of-sequential-excitatory-and-inhibitory-theta-burst-stimulation-in-improving-cortical-excitability-following-ischaemic-stroke
#13
Fayaz Rahman Khan
PURPOSE: To study the effects of sequential excitatory and inhibitory theta burst stimulation (TBS) on cortical excitability in patients with subacute ischaemic stroke. METHODS: Fifteen patients with first-ever middle cerebral artery ischaemic stroke within last three months were subjected to intermittent TBS over the hand area (M1) of the stroke hemisphere (iTBSSH) followed by continuous TBS over the intact hemisphere M1 (cTBSIH). The study measured motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitude, resting motor threshold (RMT) and contralateral cortical silent period (cCSP) at baseline and after 7 minutes of each TBS session...
March 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350185/brain-contusion-as-the-main-risk-factor-of-memory-or-emotional-complaints-in-chronic-complicated-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Bei-Yi Su, Nai-Wen Guo, Nan-Chun Chen, Sheng-Sian Lin, Ming-Tsung Chuang, Yu-Chi Liao, Chia-Min Kuo, Cheng-Wei Lin, Willy Chou, Jinn-Rung Kuo, Shih-Yin Yen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors for memory or emotional complaints in patients with complicated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records was conducted by physicians in a teaching hospital in Southern Taiwan, and complicated mTBI had been identified by means of computed tomography. Psychological complaints, including problems with memory and emotions, were collected by structured telephone interviews, 10-15 minutes long, and were held with subjects who agreed to participate in our study...
March 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350181/effects-of-hemoglobin-level-on-the-early-postsurgical-cerebral-metabolism-in-patients-with-severe-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Zhi-Yuan Xia, Yan-Jun Che, Jie-Min Luo, Ke Zhou, Wei Yang, Wen-Qing Zhang, Chun-Ming Sun
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the effects of different levels of haemoglobin (Hb) on early cerebral metabolism in patients with postoperative severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) . METHOD: Fifty-nine patients were randomly divided into catheter oxygen group and ventilator-assisted respiratory group. Each group was subsequently divided into three subgroups basing on different Hb level: Hb ≤ 70 g/L subgroup, 71 g/L ≤ Hb≤90 g/L subgroup and Hb ≥ 91 g/L subgroup...
March 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350176/facial-emotion-recognition-in-patients-with-focal-and-diffuse-axonal-injury
#16
Walid Yassin, Brandy L Callahan, Shiho Ubukata, Genichi Sugihara, Toshiya Murai, Keita Ueda
OBJECTIVE: Facial emotion recognition impairment has been well documented in patients with traumatic brain injury. Studies exploring the neural substrates involved in such deficits have implicated specific grey matter structures (e.g. orbitofrontal regions), as well as diffuse white matter damage. Our study aims to clarify whether different types of injuries (i.e. focal vs. diffuse) will lead to different types of impairments on facial emotion recognition tasks, as no study has directly compared these patients...
March 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340318/is-there-a-relationship-between-postural-alignment-and-mobility-for-adults-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#17
Simon J Mills, Michelle N McDonnell, Dominic Thewlis, Shylie Mackintosh
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between postural alignment and mobility skills for adults after acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Seven electronic databases, grey literature and reference lists of the shortlisted publications were searched. Studies were included if participants were adults with ABI, both postural alignment and mobility were measured and analysis included a relationship between alignment and mobility...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340315/systematic-behavioural-observation-of-executive-performance-after-brain-injury
#18
Mark W Lewis, Duncan R Babbage, Janet M Leathem
OBJECTIVE: To develop an ecologically valid measure of executive functioning (i.e. Planning and Organization, Executive Memory, Initiation, Cognitive Shifting, Impulsivity, Sustained and Directed Attention, Error Detection, Error Correction and Time Management) during a functional chocolate brownie cooking task. METHODS: In Study 1, the inter-rater reliability of a novel behavioural observation assessment method was assessed with 10 people with traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326858/lifetime-prevalence-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-demographically-diverse-community-sample
#19
Jason Kisser, Shari R Waldstein, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
BACKGROUND: Although incidence rates are well documented for traumatic brain injury, lifetime prevalence in a demographically diverse sample is unknown. We examined the prevalence of self-reported traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a demographically diverse sample. METHODS: History of TBI was examined in 2881 African-Americans and Whites in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study-a community-based, epidemiological investigation of urban-dwelling adults...
March 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326857/depression-in-youth-recovering-from-concussion-correlates-and-predictors
#20
Kathy Stazyk, Carol DeMatteo, Sandra Moll, Cheryl Missiuna
OBJECTIVES: Although depression can be a serious consequence of concussion, little is known about the factors that predict depression and concussion recovery outcomes in children. The purpose of this study was to explore the risk and possible predictors of developing significant depressive symptoms in children recovering from concussion. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in a paediatric tertiary care clinic. Depression data were collected from 92 children using the Children's Depression Inventory-2 (CDI-2) screening tool...
March 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
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