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British Journal of Sports Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133295/head-injury-mechanisms-in-fis-world-cup-alpine-and-freestyle-skiers-and-snowboarders
#1
Sophie Elspeth Steenstrup, Arnhild Bakken, Tone Bere, Declan Alexander Patton, Roald Bahr
INTRODUCTION: Head injuries represent a concern in skiing and snowboarding, with traumatic brain injuries being the most common cause of death. AIM: To describe the mechanisms of head and face injuries among World Cup alpine and freestyle skiers and snowboarders. METHODS: We performed a qualitative analysis of videos obtained of head and face injuries reported through the International Ski Federation Injury Surveillance System during 10 World Cup seasons (2006-2016)...
November 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127267/cervicovestibular-rehabilitation-following-sport-related-concussion
#2
Kathryn J Schneider, Willem H Meeuwisse, Karen M Barlow, Carolyn A Emery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127266/injuries-in-female-and-male-elite-taekwondo-athletes-a-10-year-prospective-epidemiological-study-of-1466-injuries-sustained-during-250-000-training-hours
#3
Ki Jun Park, Brian Byung Song
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the injury patterns associated with training activities in elite South Korean taekwondo athletes training for the Olympic Games. METHODS: We collected data prospectively from 2007 to 2016 at the Korea National Training Center in Seoul, South Korea. A sports injury was defined as acute or chronic musculoskeletal signs and symptoms due to taekwondo activities during training sessions. Athletes were assessed by an on-site sports medicine specialist...
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127265/mortality-and-health-related-habits-in-900-finnish-former-elite-athletes-and-their-brothers
#4
Titta Katariina Kontro, Seppo Sarna, Jaakko Kaprio, Urho M Kujala
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence on the associations between participation in vigorous sports, health habits, familial factors and subsequent mortality. We investigated all-cause mortality and health-related behaviour among former elite athletes and their brothers. METHODS: The mortality of Finnish male former elite athletes, who had represented Finland between 1920 and 1965 (n=900) and their age-matched brothers (n=900), was followed from the time when athlete started an elite athlete career until 31 December 2015...
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118052/why-not-consider-a-sex-factor-within-the-iso-11088-ski-binding-setting-standard
#5
Gerhard Ruedl, Martin Burtscher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118051/chronic-inflammation-is-a-feature-of-achilles-tendinopathy-and-rupture
#6
Stephanie Georgina Dakin, Julia Newton, Fernando O Martinez, Robert Hedley, Stephen Gwilym, Natasha Jones, Hamish A B Reid, Simon Wood, Graham Wells, Louise Appleton, Kim Wheway, Bridget Watkins, Andrew Jonathan Carr
BACKGROUND: Recent investigation of human tissue and cells from positional tendons such as the rotator cuff has clarified the importance of inflammation in the development and progression of tendon disease. These mechanisms remain poorly understood in disease of energy-storing tendons such as the Achilles. Using tissue biopsies from patients, we investigated if inflammation is a feature of Achilles tendinopathy and rupture. METHODS: We studied Achilles tendon biopsies from symptomatic patients with either mid-portion tendinopathy or rupture for evidence of abnormal inflammatory signatures...
November 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113974/infographic-managing-non-traumatic-back-pain-in-sport
#7
EDITORIAL
Ben Darlow, Peter P B O'Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109118/evidence-based-framework-for-a-pathomechanical-model-of-patellofemoral-pain-2017-patellofemoral-pain-consensus-statement-from-the-4th-international-patellofemoral-pain-research-retreat-manchester-uk-part-3
#8
Christopher M Powers, Erik Witvrouw, Irene S Davis, Kay M Crossley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101104/mathematical-coupling-causes-spurious-correlation-within-the-conventional-acute-to-chronic-workload-ratio-calculations
#9
EDITORIAL
Lorenzo Lolli, Alan M Batterham, Richard Hawkins, David M Kelly, Anthony J Strudwick, Robin Thorpe, Warren Gregson, Greg Atkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101103/university-college-dublin-integrating-sports-and-exercise-related-sciences-with-physiotherapy-in-a-masters-of-sports-physiotherapy-continuing-professional-development-series
#10
Adam G Culvenor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101102/prevalence-of-knee-pain-radiographic-osteoarthritis-and-arthroplasty-in-retired-professional-footballers-compared-with-men-in-the-general-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Gwen Sascha Fernandes, Sanjay Mukund Parekh, Jonathan Moses, Colin Fuller, Brigitte Scammell, Mark Edward Batt, Weiya Zhang, Michael Doherty
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of knee pain, radiographic knee osteoarthritis (RKOA), total knee replacement (TKR) and associated risk factors in male ex-professional footballers compared with men in the general population (comparison group). METHODS: 1207 male ex-footballers and 4085 men in the general population in the UK were assessed by postal questionnaire. Current knee pain was defined as pain in or around the knees on most days of the previous month...
November 3, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101101/muscle-injury-rate-in-professional-football-is-higher-in-matches-played-within-5-days-since-the-previous-match-a-14-year-prospective-study-with-more-than-130-000-match-observations
#12
Håkan Bengtsson, Jan Ekstrand, Markus Waldén, Martin Hägglund
BACKGROUND: The association between match congestion and injury rates in professional football has yielded conflicting results. AIM: To analyse associations between match congestion on an individual player level and injury rates during professional football matches. METHODS: Data from a prospective cohort study of professional football with 133 170 match observations were analysed with Poisson regressions. Associations between short-term match congestion, defined as number of days between two match exposures (≤3, 4, 5, 6 and 7-10 days) and injury rates were analysed...
November 3, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084727/temporal-trends-in-the-cardiorespiratory-fitness-of-children-and-adolescents-representing-19-high-income-and-upper-middle-income-countries-between-1981-and-2014
#13
Grant R Tomkinson, Justin J Lang, Mark S Tremblay
OBJECTIVE: To estimate international and national temporal trends in the cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) of children and adolescents and to examine relationships between temporal trends in CRF and temporal trends in broad socioeconomic and health-related indicators across countries. METHODS: Data were obtained from a systematic search of studies that explicitly reported 20 m shuttle run test (a validated measure of CRF) descriptive data on apparently healthy individuals aged 9-17 years...
October 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084726/how-can-we-implement-exercise-therapy-for-patellofemoral-pain-if-we-don-t-know-what-was-prescribed-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Sinead Holden, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Martin Bach Jensen, Christian J Barton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the completeness of exercise prescription in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) for patellofemoral pain (PFP), identify which elements are most frequently missing and supplement recommendations based on additional data from authors. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: All studies included in the most recent Cochrane review were evaluated. Additionally, the Cochrane search was updated in June 2016 in Cochrane, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PEDro, CINAHL and AMED databases...
October 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084725/clinical-implications-from-daily-physiotherapy-examination-of-131-acute-hamstring-injuries-and-their-association-with-running-speed-and-rehabilitation-progression
#15
Rod Whiteley, Nicol van Dyk, Arnlaug Wangensteen, Clint Hansen
AIM: To investigate the association of daily clinical measures and the progression of rehabilitation and perceived running effort. METHODS: A cohort of 131 athletes with an MRI-confirmed acute hamstring injury underwent a standardised criteria-based rehabilitation protocol. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to investigate the association between daily clinical subjective and objective measures and both the progression of rehabilitation and perceived running effort...
October 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084724/crash-test-dummy-and-pendulum-impact-tests-of-ice-hockey-boards-greater-displacement-does-not-reduce-impact
#16
Kai-Uwe Schmitt, Markus H Muser, Hansjuerg Thueler, Othmar Bruegger
BACKGROUND: One injury mechanism in ice hockey is impact with the boards. We investigated whether more flexible hockey boards would provide less biomechanical loading on impact than did existing (reference) boards. METHODS: We conducted impact tests with a dynamic pendulum (mass 60 kg) and with crash test dummies (ES-2 dummy, 4.76 m/s impact speed). Outcomes were biomechanical loading experienced by a player in terms of head acceleration, impact force to the shoulder, spine, abdomen and pelvis as well as compression of the thorax...
October 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079583/bright-spots-physical-activity-investments-that-work-workplace-challenge
#17
Emma J Adams, Hayley Musson, Andrew Watson, Lee Mason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074478/connective-tissue-injury-in-calf-muscle-tears-and-return-to-play-mri-correlation
#18
Ashutosh Prakash, Tom Entwisle, Michal Schneider, Peter Brukner, David Connell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess a group of patients with calf muscle tears and evaluate the integrity of the connective tissue boundaries and interfaces. Further, we propose a novel MRI grading system based on integrity of the connective tissue and assess any correlation between the grading score and time to return to play. We have also reviewed the anatomy of the calf muscles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 100 consecutive patients with clinical suspicion and MRI confirmation of calf muscle injury...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074477/sport-sex-and-age-increase-risk-of-illness-at-the-rio-2016-summer-paralympic-games-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-51-198-athlete-days
#19
Wayne Derman, Martin P Schwellnus, Esme Jordaan, Phoebe Runciman, Cheri Blauwet, Nick Webborn, Jan Lexell, Peter Van de Vliet, Yetsa Tuakli-Wosornu, James Kissick, Jaap Stomphorst
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. METHODS: A total of 3657 athletes from 78 countries, representing 83.5% of all athletes at the Games, were monitored on the web-based injury and illness surveillance system (WEB-IISS) over 51 198 athlete days during the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. Illness data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support through the WEB-IISS electronic data capturing systems...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074476/epidemiology-of-imaging-detected-bone-stress-injuries-in-athletes-participating-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-summer-olympics
#20
Daichi Hayashi, Mohamed Jarraya, Lars Engebretsen, Michel D Crema, Frank W Roemer, Abdalla Skaf, Ali Guermazi
BACKGROUND: Bone stress injuries are common in high-level athletics. AIM: To describe the demographics, frequency and anatomical location of stress injuries (ie, stress reaction and stress fractures) in athletes at the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympic Games. METHODS: We recorded all sports injuries at the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympics reported by the National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and in the polyclinic and medical venues...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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