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British Journal of Sports Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515057/delaying-acl-reconstruction-and-treating-with-exercise-therapy-alone-may-alter-prognostic-factors-for-5-year-outcome-an-exploratory-analysis-of-the-kanon-trial
#1
Stephanie R Filbay, Ewa M Roos, Richard B Frobell, Frank Roemer, Jonas Ranstam, L Stefan Lohmander
AIM: Identify injury-related, patient-reported and treatment-related prognostic factors for 5-year outcomes in acutely ACL-ruptured individuals managed with early reconstruction plus exercise therapy, exercise therapy plus delayed reconstruction or exercise therapy alone. METHODS: Exploratory analysis of the Knee Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Nonsurgical versus Surgical Treatment (KANON) trial (ISRCTN84752559). Relationships between prognostic factors (baseline cartilage, meniscus and osteochondral damage, baseline extension deficit, baseline patient-reported outcomes, number of rehabilitation visits, graft/contralateral ACL rupture, non-ACL surgery and ACL treatment strategy) and 5-year Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) pain, symptoms, sport/recreation and quality of life (QOL) scores were explored using multivariable linear regression...
May 17, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515056/reducing-musculoskeletal-injury-and-concussion-risk-in-schoolboy-rugby-players-with-a-pre-activity-movement-control-exercise-programme-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Michael D Hislop, Keith A Stokes, Sean Williams, Carly D McKay, Mike E England, Simon P T Kemp, Grant Trewartha
BACKGROUND: Injury risk in youth rugby has received much attention, highlighting the importance of establishing evidence-based injury reduction strategies. AIM: To determine the efficacy of a movement control exercise programme in reducing injuries in youth rugby players and to investigate the effect of programme dose on injury measures. METHODS: In a cluster-randomised controlled trial, 40 independent schools (118 teams, 3188 players aged 14-18 years) were allocated to receive either the intervention or a reference programme, both of which were to be delivered by school coaches...
May 17, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512189/when-is-a-study-result-important-for-athletes-clinicians-and-team-coaches-staff
#3
EDITORIAL
Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Michael Lejbach Bertelsen, Evert Verhagen, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Adam Hulme, Merete Møller, Martí Casals
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512188/the-functional-movement-test-9-is-a-poor-screening-test-for-lower-extremity-injuries-in-professional-male-football-players-a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Arnhild Bakken, Stephen Targett, Tone Bere, Cristiano Eirale, Abdulaziz Farooq, Johannes L Tol, Rod Whiteley, Karim M Khan, Roald Bahr
BACKGROUND: The 9+ screening battery test consists of 11 tests to assess limitations in functional movement. AIM: To examine the association of the 9+ with lower extremity injuries and to identify a cut-off point to predict injury risk. METHODS: Professional male football players in Qatar from 14 teams completed the 9+ at the beginning of the 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons. Time-loss injuries and exposure in training and matches were registered prospectively by club medical staff during these seasons...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501806/exercise-in-type-2-diabetes-genetic-metabolic-and-neuromuscular-adaptations-a-review-of-the-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Silvano Zanuso, Massimo Sacchetti, Carl Johan Sundberg, Giorgio Orlando, Paolo Benvenuti, Stefano Balducci
The biological responses to exercise training are complex, as almost all organs and systems are involved in interactions that result in a plethora of adaptations at the genetic, metabolic and neuromuscular levels.To provide the general practitioner and the sports medicine professionals with a basic understanding of the genetic, metabolic and neuromuscular adaptations at a cellular level that occur with aerobic and resistance exercise in subjects with type 2 diabetes.For each of the three domains (genetic, metabolic and neuromuscular), the results of the major systematic reviews and original research published in relevant journals, indexed in PubMed, were selected...
May 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501805/neurological-tests-improve-after-olympic-style-boxing-bouts-a-pretournament-and-post-tournament-study-in-the-2016-women-s-world-boxing-championships
#6
David R Howell, William P Meehan, Michael P Loosemore, Joseph Cummiskey, Jean-Paul Grabner von Rosenberg, David McDonagh
AIM: To prospectively examine the neurocognitive, postural, dual-task and visual abilities of female Olympic-style boxers before and after participation in a tournament. METHODS: Sixty-one females completed the modified Balance Error Scoring System (mBESS), King-Devick test and 3 m timed-up-and-go test in single-task and dual-task conditions. A subset (n=31) completed the CogState computerised neurocognitive test. Initial testing was completed prior to the 2016 Women's World Boxing Championships; each participant repeated the testing protocol within a day of elimination...
May 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501804/exercise-and-other-non-pharmaceutical-interventions-for-cancer-related-fatigue-in-patients-during-or-after-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-incorporating-an-indirect-comparisons-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Roger Hilfiker, Andre Meichtry, Manuela Eicher, Balfe Lina Nilsson, Ruud H Knols, Martin L Verra, Jan Taeymans
AIM: To assess the relative effects of different types of exercise and other non-pharmaceutical interventions on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in patients during and after cancer treatment. DESIGN: Systematic review and indirect-comparisons meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Articles were searched in PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL and published meta-analyses. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised studies published up to January 2017 evaluating different types of exercise or other non-pharmaceutical interventions to reduce CRF in any cancer type during or after treatment...
May 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500081/quadriceps-strengthening-with-and-without-blood-flow-restriction-in-the-treatment-of-patellofemoral-pain-a-double-blind-randomised-trial
#8
Lachlan Giles, Kate E Webster, Jodie McClelland, Jill L Cook
BACKGROUND: Quadriceps strengthening exercises are part of the treatment of patellofemoral pain (PFP), but the heavy resistance exercises may aggravate knee pain. Blood flow restriction (BFR) training may provide a low-load quadriceps strengthening method to treat PFP. METHODS: Seventy-nine participants were randomly allocated to a standardised quadriceps strengthening (standard) or low-load BFR. Both groups performed 8 weeks of leg press and leg extension, the standard group at 70% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) and the BFR group at 30% of 1RM...
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500080/displaced-middle-third-clavicle-fracture-management-in-sport-still-a-challenge-in-2018-should-you-call-the-surgeon-to-speed-return-to-play
#9
EDITORIAL
Greg A Robertson, Alexander M Wood, Christopher W Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500079/exercise-therapy-for-functional-capacity-in-chronic-diseases-an-overview-of-meta-analyses-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Tero Pasanen, Samppa Tolvanen, Ari Heinonen, Urho M Kujala
OBJECTIVE: To summarise all meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials that have evaluated the effects of exercise therapy on functional capacity in patients with chronic diseases. DESIGN: Umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched the CENTRAL, CINAHL, DARE, Medline, OTSeeker, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Database, Web of Science, Scopus, OpenGrey and BMC Proceedings from database inception to 1 September 2016...
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495806/infographic-athlete-monitoring-in-sport-top-tips
#11
EDITORIAL
Jason Laird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495805/hans-tol-promiseanddeliver-toughbrainystraightforward
#12
EDITORIAL
Johann Windt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495804/sham-surgery-versus-labral-repair-or-biceps-tenodesis-for-type-ii-slap-lesions-of-the-shoulder-a-three-armed-randomised-clinical-trial
#13
Cecilie Piene Schrøder, Øystein Skare, Olav Reikerås, Petter Mowinckel, Jens Ivar Brox
BACKGROUND: Labral repair and biceps tenodesis are routine operations for superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesion of the shoulder, but evidence of their efficacy is lacking. We evaluated the effect of labral repair, biceps tenodesis and sham surgery on SLAP lesions. METHODS: A double-blind, sham-controlled trial was conducted with 118 surgical candidates (mean age 40 years), with patient history, clinical symptoms and MRI arthrography indicating an isolated type II SLAP lesion...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490460/anxiety-depression-and-perceived-sporting-performance-among-professional-cricket-players
#14
LETTER
M Sahni, G Bhogal
BACKGROUND: Mental health in sport is a hard-hitting topic that is frequently the subject of news coverage and increasingly a theme for avid research. Some suggest that cricketers, participating in a game unique in its statistical analysis of individual performance, prolonged periods of play away from home and extended solitary game time to reflect on errors, may be especially prone to developing depression. This hypothesis is supported by a higher rate of suicide among male Test cricketers when compared with the UK male general population...
May 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490459/the-heart-of-the-matter-cardiac-assessment-in-professional-footballers
#15
LETTER
C Speers, A Seth, K Patel, M Gillett, D Rakhit
AIM: Sudden cardiac death is the leading medical cause of death during exercise.(1) Our objective was to retrospectively analyse the routine cardiac assessment of professional footballers to aid physician management and improve player safety. METHODS: Footballers from five professional clubs between March 2012 and October 2014 were included (n=265). All were performed in line with the recommendations of the Football Association Cardiology Committee, incorporating clinical examination, 12-lead ECG, echocardiography and health questionnaire...
May 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490458/subcategories-of-tendinopathy-using-ultrasound-tissue-characterization-utc-dorsal-mid-portion-achilles-tendinopathy-is-more-severe-than-ventral-achilles-tendinopathy
#16
LETTER
W Wynter Bee, J Ubhi, B Kumar
AIM: To evaluate the association between tendon structure and clinical severity. Looking specifically at location of pathology, comparing ventral versus dorsal tendinopathy. METHODS: Patients were recruited from a tertiary tendinopathy center between Jan 2015 - June 2016. Inclusion criteria included patients with midportion Achilles tendinopathy, aged between 1870. Patients with insertional Achilles tendinopathy or other suspected etiology were excluded. Patients were assessed using ultrasound tissue characterization (UTC) scanning...
May 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490457/prognostic-factors-for-musculoskeletal-injury-identified-through-medical-screening-and-training-load-monitoring-in-professional-football-soccer-a-systematic-review
#17
LETTER
T Hughes, J C Sergeant, M Parkes, M Callaghan
OBJECTIVES: To identify prognostic factors and models for spinal and lower extremity injuries in adult professional/elite football players from medical screening and training load monitoring processes. METHODS: The MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, SPORTDiscus electronic bibliographic databases and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched from inception to July 2016. Searches were limited to original research, published in peer reviewed journals of any language...
May 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490456/does-treadmill-running-performance-heart-rate-and-breathing-rate-response-during-maximal-graded-exercise-improve-after-volitional-respiratory-muscle-training
#18
LETTER
K Radhakrishnan, V K Sharma, S K Subramanian
AIM: Maximal physical exertion in sports usually causes fatigue in the exercising muscles, but not in the respiratory muscles due to triggering of the Respiratory muscle metabo-reflex, a sympathetic vasoconstrictor response leading to preferential increment in blood flow to respiratory muscles.(1) We planned to investigate whether a six week yogic pranayama based Volitional Respiratory Muscle Training (VRMT) can improve maximal Graded Exercise Treadmill Test (GXTT) performance in healthy adult recreational sportspersons...
May 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487441/prize-winning-abstracts-from-basem-congress-2016
#19
LETTER
T Hughes, J C Sergeant, M Parkes, M Callaghan, C Speers, A Seth, K Patel, M Gillett, D Rakhit, K Radhakrishnan, V K Sharma, S K Subramanian, W Wynter Bee, J Ubhi, B Kumar, M Sahni, G Bhogal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483930/comparison-of-four-fitbit-and-jawbone-activity-monitors-with-a-research-grade-actigraph-accelerometer-for-estimating-physical-activity-and-energy-expenditure
#20
Mary T Imboden, Michael B Nelson, Leonard A Kaminsky, Alexander Hk Montoye
BACKGROUND/AIM: Consumer-based physical activity (PA) monitors have become popular tools to track PA behaviours. Currently, little is known about the validity of the measurements provided by consumer monitors. We aimed to compare measures of steps, energy expenditure (EE) and active minutes of four consumer monitors with one research-grade accelerometer within a semistructured protocol. METHODS: Thirty men and women (18-80 years old) wore Fitbit One (worn at the waist), Fitbit Zip (waist), Fitbit Flex (wrist), Jawbone UP24 (wrist) and one waist-worn research-grade accelerometer (ActiGraph) while participating in an 80 min protocol...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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