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British Journal of Sports Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913374/%C3%AE-alanine-efficacy-for-sports-performance-improvement-from-science-to-practice
#1
EDITORIAL
George P Nassis, Ben Sporer, Christos G Stathis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899345/ethics-of-genetic-testing-and-research-in-sport-a-position-statement-from-the-australian-institute-of-sport
#2
Nicole Vlahovich, Peter A Fricker, Matthew A Brown, David Hughes
As Australia's peak high-performance sport agency, the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) has developed this position statement to address the implications of recent advances in the field of genetics and the ramifications for the health and well-being of athletes. Genetic testing has proven of value in the practice of clinical medicine. There are, however, currently no scientific grounds for the use of genetic testing for athletic performance improvement, sport selection or talent identification. Athletes and coaches should be discouraged from using direct-to-consumer genetic testing because of its lack of validation and replicability and the lack of involvement of a medical practitioner in the process...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899344/author-response-identifying-concussion-when-guidelines-collide-with-real-world-implementation-is-a-formal-medical-diagnosis-necessary-in-every-case-once-a-proper-protocol-is-implemented
#3
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895075/associations-of-specific-types-of-sports-and-exercise-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-a-cohort-study-of-80%C3%A2-306-british-adults
#4
Pekka Oja, Paul Kelly, Zeljko Pedisic, Sylvia Titze, Adrian Bauman, Charlie Foster, Mark Hamer, Melvyn Hillsdon, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND/AIM: Evidence for the long-term health effects of specific sport disciplines is scarce. Therefore, we examined the associations of six different types of sport/exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk in a large pooled Scottish and English population-based cohort. METHODS: Cox proportional hazards regression was used to investigate the associations between each exposure and all-cause and CVD mortality with adjustment for potential confounders in 80 306 individuals (54% women; mean±SD age: 52±14 years)...
November 28, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888214/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-death-from-cancer-a-42-year-follow-up-from-the-copenhagen-male-study
#5
Magnus Thorsten Jensen, Andreas Holtermann, Hans Bay, Finn Gyntelberg
OBJECTIVES: Poor cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with death from cancer. If follow-up time is short, this association may be confounded by subclinical disease already present at the time of CRF assessment. This study investigates the association between CRF and death from cancer and any cause with 42 years and 44 years of follow-up, respectively. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Middle-aged, employed and cancer-free Danish men from the prospective Copenhagen Male Study, enrolled in 1970-1971, were included...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888213/coach-directed-education-is-associated-with-injury-prevention-behaviour-in-players-an-ecological-cross-sectional-study
#6
James C Brown, Sugnet Gardner-Lubbe, Michael Ian Lambert, Willem van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND/AIM: Rugby union ('rugby') presents an above-average risk of injury to participants. BokSmart is a South African nationwide intervention that aims to reduce rugby-related injuries in players. This is achieved by educating coaches and referees to improve injury behaviour of players. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess if the receipt of injury-prevention education was associated with player behaviour. METHODS: Junior (n=2279) and senior (n=1642) players, who attended merit-based South African Rugby tournaments (2008-2012), completed an anonymous questionnaire...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888212/back-to-basics-with-some-new-tools-first-ensure-the-safety-of-sporting-environments
#7
EDITORIAL
Caroline F Finch, James C Brown, Clint Readhead, Mike Lambert, Wayne Viljoen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888211/biceps-femoris-architecture-the-association-with-injury-and-response-to-training
#8
Ryan Timmins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884865/running-exposure-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-hamstring-strain-injury-in-elite-australian-footballers
#9
Joshua D Ruddy, Christopher W Pollard, Ryan G Timmins, Morgan D Williams, Anthony J Shield, David A Opar
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between running exposure and the risk of hamstring strain injury (HSI) in elite Australian footballers. METHODS: Elite Australian footballers (n=220) from 5 different teams participated. Global positioning system (GPS) data were provided for every athlete for each training session and match for the entire 2015 season. The occurrences of HSIs throughout the study period were reported. Receiver operator characteristic curve analyses were performed and the relative risk (RR) of subsequent HSI was calculated for absolute and relative running exposure variables related to distance covered above 10 and 24 km/hour in the preceding week/s...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884864/sports-injuries-and-illnesses-in-the-lillehammer-2016-youth-olympic-winter-games
#10
Kathrin Steffen, Christine Holm Moseid, Lars Engebretsen, Pia K Søberg, Olav Amundsen, Kristian Holm, Thomas Moger, Torbjørn Soligard
BACKGROUND: Injury and illness surveillance during high-level youth sports events is an important first step in health prevention and caretaking of the young elite athletes. AIM: To analyse injuries and illnesses that occurred during the 10 days 2nd Youth Olympic Winter Games (YOG), held in Lillehammer 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses through the reporting of (1) all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) the polyclinic and medical venues by the Lillehammer Organising Committee (LYOCOG) medical staff...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884863/misinterpretations-of-the-p-value-a-brief-primer-for-academic-sports-medicine
#11
EDITORIAL
Steven D Stovitz, Evert Verhagen, Ian Shrier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884862/associations-of-occupational-standing-with-musculoskeletal-symptoms-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Pieter Coenen, Lisa Willenberg, Sharon Parry, Joyce W Shi, Lorena Romero, Diana M Blackwood, Christopher G Maher, Genevieve N Healy, David W Dunstan, Leon M Straker
OBJECTIVE: Given the high exposure to occupational standing in specific occupations, and recent initiatives to encourage intermittent standing among white-collar workers, a better understanding of the potential health consequences of occupational standing is required. We aimed to review and quantify the epidemiological evidence on associations of occupational standing with musculoskeletal symptoms. DESIGN: A systematic review was performed. Data from included articles were extracted and described, and meta-analyses conducted when data were sufficiently homogeneous...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884861/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-ottawa-ankle-and-midfoot-rules-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#13
Paula R Beckenkamp, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Petra Macaskill, Zoe A Michaleff, Chris G Maher, Anne M Moseley
OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnostic accuracy of the Ottawa Ankle and Midfoot Rules and explore if clinical features and/or methodological quality of the study influence diagnostic accuracy estimates. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus and Cochrane Library. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Primary diagnostic studies reporting the accuracy of the Rules in people with ankle and/or midfoot injury were retrieved...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884860/using-technology-to-measure-daily-and-weekly-movement-patterns-in-exercise-medicine-patients
#14
EDITORIAL
John W Orchard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879256/determination-and-regulation-of-body-composition-in-elite-athletes
#15
Peter Sonksen
In 2011, the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and IOC introduced a 'hyperandrogenism' rule that excluded women with a serum testosterone >10 nmol/L from participating in elite sport. This rule was based on the false premise that the greater lean body mass in men was a consequence of their higher serum testosterone. This rule did not have scientific backing and the Court of Arbitration for Sport subsequently rescinded the rule following an appeal from an Indian athlete barred from the Commonwealth Games...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872042/concerns-with-novel-concussion-protocol
#16
LETTER
David Wyndham Lawrence, MichaelG Hutchison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864290/sleep-is-an-important-factor-when-considering-rugby-union-player-load
#17
LETTER
Ian C Dunican, Peter R Eastwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856411/personalising-exercise-recommendations-for-brain-health-considerations-and-future-directions
#18
Cindy K Barha, Liisa A Galea, Lindsay S Nagamatsu, Kirk I Erickson, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
The societal value of strategies that delay the onset and progression of dementia cannot be overstated. Physical activity-unstructured and structured-is a promising, cost-effective strategy for the promotion of brain health. However, a large degree of variation exists in its efficacy. Therefore, to increase its utility as 'medication' for healthy cognitive ageing, it is imperative to identify key moderators and mediators of the positive effects of targeted exercise training on brain health. In this commentary, we focus on the type of targeted exercise training, the determinants of individual variation, including biological sex and genotypic factors, and the mechanisms by which exercise exerts its influence on the brain...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852586/applying-the-acute-chronic-workload-ratio-in-elite-football-worth-the-effort
#19
EDITORIAL
Martin Buchheit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852585/association-of-psychological-variables-and-outcome-in-tendinopathy-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Adrian Mallows, James Debenham, Tom Walker, Chris Littlewood
OBJECTIVE: Fear, anxiety, depression, distress and catastrophisation are all factors known to affect pain and disability levels. To date, the association of such psychological factors has yet to be established in tendinopathy. Therefore, the purpose of this paper was to determine if psychological variables are associated with tendinopathy and whether any such variables may be associated with pain and disability outcomes in conservative management of tendinopathy. DESIGN: A systematic review was undertaken and included studies were appraised for risk of bias using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
November 16, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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