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British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30355364/high-expectancy-and-early-response-produce-optimal-effects-in-sertraline-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Belinda Graham, Natalia M Garcia, Mark S Burton, Andrew A Cooper, Peter P Roy-Byrne, Matig R Mavissakalian, Norah C Feeny, Lori A Zoellner
BACKGROUND: Better indicators of prognosis are needed to personalise post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatments.AimsWe aimed to evaluate early symptom reduction as a predictor of better outcome and examine predictors of early response. METHOD: Patients with PTSD (N = 134) received sertraline or prolonged exposure in a randomised trial. Early response was defined as 20% PTSD symptom reduction by session two and good end-state functioning defined as non-clinical levels of PTSD, depression and anxiety...
October 25, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30343676/mental-health-outcomes-at-the-end-of-the-british-involvement-in-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-conflicts-a-cohort-study-corrigendum
#2
Sharon A M Stevelink, Margaret Jones, Lisa Hull, David Pernet, Shirlee MacCrimmon, Laura Goodwin, Deirdre MacManus, Dominic Murphy, Norman Jones, Neil Greenberg, Roberto J Rona, Nicola T Fear, Simon Wessely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334505/anxiety-as-a-risk-factor-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-vascular-dementia-erratum
#3
Eva Becker, Claudia Lorena Orellana Rios, Claas Lahmann, Gerta Rücker, Joachim Bauer, Martin Boeker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301477/psychological-distress-and-psychiatric-disorder-after-natural-disasters-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Ben Beaglehole, Roger T Mulder, Chris M Frampton, Joseph M Boden, Giles Newton-Howes, Caroline J Bell
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters are increasing in frequency and severity. They cause widespread hardship and are associated with detrimental effects on mental health.AimsOur aim is to provide the best estimate of the effects of natural disasters on mental health through a systematic review and meta-analysis of the rates of psychological distress and psychiatric disorder after natural disasters. METHOD: This systematic review and meta-analysis is limited to studies that met predetermined quality criteria...
October 10, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295216/mental-health-outcomes-at-the-end-of-the-british-involvement-in-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-conflicts-a-cohort-study
#5
Sharon A M Stevelink, Margaret Jones, Lisa Hull, David Pernet, Shirlee MacCrimmon, Laura Goodwin, Deirdre MacManus, Dominic Murphy, Norman Jones, Neil Greenberg, Roberto J Rona, Nicola T Fear, Simon Wessely
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence of mental health outcomes in UK personnel at the end of the British involvement in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts.AimsWe examined the prevalence of mental disorders and alcohol misuse, whether this differed between serving and ex-serving regular personnel and by deployment status. METHOD: This is the third phase of a military cohort study (2014-2016; n = 8093). The sample was based on participants from previous phases (2004-2006 and 2007-2009) and a new randomly selected sample of those who had joined the UK armed forces since 2009...
October 8, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295208/mood-stabilisers-and-risk-of-stroke-in-bipolar-disorder
#6
Pao-Huan Chen, Shang-Ying Tsai, Chun-Hung Pan, Chi-Kang Chang, Sheng-Shiang Su, Chiao-Chicy Chen, Chian-Jue Kuo
BACKGROUND: Research on the risk of stroke following the use of mood stabilisers specific to patients with bipolar disorder is limited.AimsIn this study, we investigated the risk of stroke following the exposure to mood stabilisers in patients with bipolar disorder. METHOD: Data for this nationwide population-based study were derived from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Among a retrospective cohort of patients with bipolar disorder (n = 19 433), 609 new-onset cases of stroke were identified from 1999 to 2012...
October 8, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30278854/an-fmri-study-of-multimodal-selective-attention-in-schizophrenia-corrigendum
#7
A Mayer, F Hanlon, T Teshiba, S Klimaj, J Ling, A Dodd, V Calhoun, J Bustillo, T Toulouse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30269695/involving-patients-with-dementia-in-decisions-to-initiate-treatment-effect-on-patient-acceptance-satisfaction-and-medication-prescription
#8
Jemima Dooley, Nick Bass, Gill Livingston, Rose McCabe
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making is advocated but may be affected by cognitive impairment. Measures of shared decision-making provide global descriptions of communication without detailed analysis of the subtle ways in which doctors invite patient input.AimsWe aimed to explore medication decisions in dementia, using a standardised Treatment Recommendation Coding Scheme. METHOD: We analysed 71 video-recorded dementia diagnostic meetings from nine memory clinics...
October 1, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261937/prevalence-of-personality-disorders-in-the-general-adult-population-in-western-countries-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Jana Volkert, Thorsten-Christian Gablonski, Sven Rabung
BACKGROUND: Personality disorder is a severe health issue. However, the epidemiology of personality disorders is insufficiently described and surveys report very heterogeneous rates.AimsWe aimed to conduct a meta-analysis on the prevalence of personality disorders in adult populations and examine potential moderators that affect heterogeneity. METHOD: We searched PsycINFO, PSYNDEX and Medline for studies that used standardised diagnostics (DSM-IV/-5, ICD-10) to report prevalence rates of personality disorders in community populations in Western countries...
September 28, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259827/clozapine-is-associated-with-secondary-antibody-deficiency
#10
Mark Ponsford, Daniel Castle, Tayyeb Tahir, Rebecca Robinson, Wendy Wade, Rachael Steven, Kathryn Bramhall, Mo Moody, Emily Carne, Catherine Ford, Daniel Farewell, Paul Williams, Tariq El-Shanawany, Stephen Jolles
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia affects 1% of the population. Clozapine is the only medication licensed for treatment-resistant schizophrenia and is intensively monitored to prevent harm from neutropenia. Clozapine is also associated with increased risk of pneumonia although the mechanism is poorly understood.AimsTo investigate the potential association between clozapine and antibody deficiency. METHODS: Patients taking clozapine and patients who were clozapine-naive and receiving alternative antipsychotics were recruited and completed a lifestyle, medication and infection-burden questionnaire...
September 27, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251622/structured-lifestyle-education-for-people-with-schizophrenia-schizoaffective-disorder-and-first-episode-psychosis-stepwise-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Richard I G Holt, Rebecca Gossage-Worrall, Daniel Hind, Michael J Bradburn, Paul McCrone, Tiyi Morris, Charlotte Edwardson, Katharine Barnard, Marian E Carey, Melanie J Davies, Chris M Dickens, Yvonne Doherty, Angela Etherington, Paul French, Fiona Gaughran, Kathryn E Greenwood, Sridevi Kalidindi, Kamlesh Khunti, Richard Laugharne, John Pendlebury, Shanaya Rathod, David Saxon, David Shiers, Najma Siddiqi, Elizabeth A Swaby, Glenn Waller, Stephen Wright
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major challenge for people with schizophrenia.AimsWe assessed whether STEPWISE, a theory-based, group structured lifestyle education programme could support weight reduction in people with schizophrenia. METHOD: In this randomised controlled trial (study registration: ISRCTN19447796), we recruited adults with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or first-episode psychosis from ten mental health organisations in England. Participants were randomly allocated to the STEPWISE intervention or treatment as usual...
September 25, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251616/individual-placement-and-support-for-vocational-recovery-in-first-episode-psychosis-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Eóin Killackey, Kelly Allott, Henry J Jackson, Rosanna Scutella, Yi-Ping Tseng, Jeff Borland, Tina-Marie Proffitt, Sally Hunt, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Gina Chinnery, Gennady Baksheev, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Patrick D McGorry, Susan M Cotton
BACKGROUND: High unemployment is a hallmark of psychotic illness. Individual placement and support (IPS) may be effective at assisting the vocational recoveries of young people with first-episode psychosis (FEP).AimsTo examine the effectiveness of IPS at assisting young people with FEP to gain employment (Australian and Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12608000094370). METHOD: Young people with FEP (n = 146) who were interested in vocational recovery were randomised using computer-generated random permuted blocks on a 1:1 ratio to: (a) 6 months of IPS in addition to treatment as usual (TAU) or (b) TAU alone...
September 25, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30246667/repeated-oral-ketamine-for-out-patient-treatment-of-resistant-depression-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-proof-of-concept-study
#13
Yoav Domany, Maya Bleich-Cohen, Ricardo Tarrasch, Roi Meidan, Olga Litvak-Lazar, Nadav Stoppleman, Shaul Schreiber, Miki Bloch, Talma Hendler, Haggai Sharon
BACKGROUND: Ketamine has been demonstrated to improve depressive symptoms.AimsEvaluation of efficacy, safety and feasibility of repeated oral ketamine for out-patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). METHOD: In a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, proof-of-concept trial, 41 participants received either 1 mg/kg oral ketamine or placebo thrice weekly for 21 days (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02037503). Evaluation was performed at baseline, 40 and 240 min post administration and on days 3, 7, 14 and 21...
September 24, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221619/brief-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-patients-in-the-community-with-schizophrenia-randomised-controlled-trial-in-beijing-china-expression-of-concern
#14
Zhi-Hua Guo, Zhan-Jiang Li, Yun Ma, Jing Sun, Jun-Hua Guo, Wen-Xiu Li, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Hui-Li Xu, Roger M K Ng, Douglas Turkington, David Kingdon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139394/disorganisation-thought-disorder-and-socio-cognitive-functioning-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#15
Paulo de Sousa, William Sellwood, Martin Griffiths, Richard P Bentall
BACKGROUND: Poor social cognition is prevalent in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Some authors argue that these effects are symptom-specific and that socio-cognitive difficulties (e.g. theory of mind) are strongly associated with thought disorder and symptoms of disorganisation.AimsThe current review tests the strength of this association. METHOD: We meta-analysed studies published between 1980 and 2016 that tested the association between social cognition and these symptoms in schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
August 24, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131082/making-a-difference-ethnic-inequality-and-severe-mental-illness
#16
Kamaldeep Bhui, Kristoffer Halvorsrud, James Nazroo
SummaryIn this paper, we explore ethnic inequalities in severe mental illness and care experiences. We consider the barriers to progressive and cohesive action and propose ways of overcoming these. Clinical and policy leadership must bring together hidden patient voices, divergent professional narratives and quality research.Declaration of interestK.B. is Editor of the British Journal of Psychiatry, but has not played any role in the decision-making for this paper. K.B. leads and J.N. is a partner and K.H. a researcher in the Synergi Collaborative Centre...
August 22, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339116/political-and-ethical-dilemmas-for-psychiatrists-in-the-media
#17
Kamaldeep Bhui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339115/an-alternative-perspective-on-cooper-et-al-s-finding-of-a-high-incidence-of-mania-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities
#18
Asit Baran Biswas, Lesley Thoms
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339114/difficulties-of-diagnosing-and-managing-dementia-in-people-with-down-syndrome
#19
David Smith, Brian Chicoine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339113/kaleidoscope
#20
Derek K Tracy, Dan W Joyce, Sukhwinder S Shergill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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