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British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209592/comparison-of-diagnostic-performance-of-two-question-screen-and-15-depression-screening-instruments-for-older-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Kelvin K F Tsoi, Joyce Y C Chan, Hoyee W Hirai, Samuel Y S Wong
BackgroundScreening for depression in older adults is recommended.AimsTo evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the Two-Question Screen for older adults and compare it with other screening instruments for depression.MethodWe undertook a literature search for studies assessing the diagnostic performance of depression screening instruments in older adults. Combined diagnostic accuracy including sensitivity and specificity were the primary outcomes. Potential risks of bias and the quality of studies were also assessed...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209591/psychosocial-therapies-for-the-adjunctive-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder-in-adults-network-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Mary Lou Chatterton, Emily Stockings, Michael Berk, Jan J Barendregt, Rob Carter, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BackgroundFew trials have compared psychosocial therapies for people with bipolar affective disorder, and conventional meta-analyses provided limited comparisons between therapies.AimsTo combine evidence for the efficacy of psychosocial interventions used as adjunctive treatment of bipolar disorder in adults, using network meta-analysis (NMA).MethodSystematic review identified studies and NMA was used to pool data on relapse to mania or depression, medication adherence, and symptom scales for mania, depression and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153930/psychological-interventions-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-young-survivors-of-mass-violence-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Nexhmedin Morina, Mina Malek, Angela Nickerson, Richard A Bryant
BACKGROUND: The majority of survivors of mass violence live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). AIMS: To synthesise empirical findings for psychological interventions for children and adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or depression in LMICs affected by mass violence. METHOD: Randomised controlled trials with children and adolescents with symptoms of PTSD and/or depression in LMICs were identified. Overall, 21 812 records were found through July 2016 in the Medline, PsycINFO and PILOTS databases; 21 met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed according to recommended guidelines...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153929/hallucinations-in-borderline-personality-disorder-and-common-mental-disorders
#4
Ian Kelleher, Jordan E DeVylder
Hallucinations are classically associated with psychotic disorders. Recent research, however, has highlighted that hallucinations frequently occur outside of the context of psychosis. Despite this, to our knowledge, there has been no epidemiological research to compare the prevalence of hallucinations across common mental disorders with the prevalence in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Using data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (n = 7403), we investigated the prevalence of hallucinations in individuals with a range of mental disorders and BPD...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153928/association-between-mental-health-related-stigma-and-active-help-seeking-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Nina Schnyder, Radoslaw Panczak, Nicola Groth, Frauke Schultze-Lutter
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders create high individual and societal costs and burden, partly because help-seeking is often delayed or completely avoided. Stigma related to mental disorders or mental health services is regarded as a main reason for insufficient help-seeking. AIMS: To estimate the impact of four stigma types (help-seeking attitudes and personal, self and perceived public stigma) on active help-seeking in the general population. METHOD: A systematic review of three electronic databases was followed by random effect meta-analyses according to the stigma types...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153927/neuroplastic-changes-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-undergoing-cognitive-remediation-triple-blind-trial
#6
Ian S Ramsay, Tasha M Nienow, Matthew P Marggraf, Angus W MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia have shown cognitive improvements following cognitive remediation, but the neuroplastic changes that support these processes are not fully understood. AIMS: To use a triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial to examine neural activation before and after cognitive remediation or a computer skills training (CST) placebo (trial registration: NCT00995553)). METHOD: Twenty-seven participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging before and after being randomised to either cognitive remediation intervention or CST...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104739/relationship-between-prescribed-psychotropic-medications-and-co-ingested-alcohol-in-intentional-self-poisonings
#7
Kate M Chitty, Timothy Dobbins, Andrew H Dawson, Geoffrey K Isbister, Nicholas A Buckley
BACKGROUND: Acute alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for suicide, therefore investigating factors associated with alcohol-related self-harm warrant attention. AIMS: To investigate the influence of prescribed psychotropic medications on the odds of co-ingesting alcohol preceding or during intentional efforts to self-poison. METHOD: A cross-sectional analysis of consecutive hospital presentations following intentional self-poisoning was conducted...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104738/feasibility-acceptability-and-clinical-utility-of-the-cultural-formulation-interview-mixed-methods-results-from-the-dsm-5-international-field-trial
#8
Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Neil Krishan Aggarwal, Peter C Lam, Hanga Galfalvy, Mitchell G Weiss, Laurence J Kirmayer, Vasudeo Paralikar, Smita N Deshpande, Esperanza Díaz, Andel V Nicasio, Marit Boiler, Renato D Alarcón, Hans Rohlof, Simon Groen, Rob C J van Dijk, Sushrut Jadhav, Sanjeev Sarmukaddam, David Ndetei, Monica Z Scalco, Kavoos Bassiri, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Hendry Ton, Joseph Westermeyer, Johann M Vega-Dienstmaier
BACKGROUND: There is a need for clinical tools to identify cultural issues in diagnostic assessment. AIMS: To assess the feasibility, acceptability and clinical utility of the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) in routine clinical practice. METHOD: Mixed-methods evaluation of field trial data from six countries. The CFI was administered to diagnostically diverse psychiatric out-patients during a diagnostic interview. In post-evaluation sessions, patients and clinicians completed debriefing qualitative interviews and Likert-scale questionnaires...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104737/cerebral-blood-flow-alterations-specific-to-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia
#9
Chuanjun Zhuo, Jiajia Zhu, Wen Qin, Hongru Qu, Xiaolei Ma, Chunshui Yu
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) have been associated with deficits in auditory and speech-related networks. However, the resting-state cerebral blood flow (CBF) alterations specific to AVHs in schizophrenia remain unknown. AIMS: To explore AVH-related CBF alterations in individuals with schizophrenia. METHOD: In total, 35 individuals with schizophrenia with AVHs, 41 individuals with schizophrenia without AVHs and 50 controls underwent arterial spin labelling magnetic resonance imaging...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104736/pharmacological-treatment-and-risk-of-psychiatric-hospital-admission-in-bipolar-disorder
#10
Erik Joas, Alina Karanti, Jie Song, Guy M Goodwin, Paul Lichtenstein, Mikael Landén
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have examined the efficacy of drugs to prevent relapse in patients with bipolar disorder, however, their design often limits generalisation to routine clinical practice. AIMS: To estimate the effectiveness of drugs used for maintenance treatment in bipolar disorder. METHOD: We used national registers to identify 35 022 individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder and information on lithium, valproate, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, quetiapine and olanzapine treatment from 2006 to 2009...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104735/initial-severity-of-depression-and-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-of-pill-placebo-controlled-trials
#11
REVIEW
Toshi A Furukawa, Erica S Weitz, Shiro Tanaka, Steven D Hollon, Stefan G Hofmann, Gerhard Andersson, Jos Twisk, Robert J DeRubeis, Sona Dimidjian, Ulrich Hegerl, Roland Mergl, Robin B Jarrett, Jeffrey R Vittengl, Norio Watanabe, Pim Cuijpers
BACKGROUND: The influence of baseline severity has been examined for antidepressant medications but has not been studied properly for cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in comparison with pill placebo. AIMS: To synthesise evidence regarding the influence of initial severity on efficacy of CBT from all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which CBT, in face-to-face individual or group format, was compared with pill-placebo control in adults with major depression...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069564/mood-disorders-in-first-and-second-generation-immigrants-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Irina Mindlis, Paolo Boffetta
BACKGROUND: Although there are consistent reports of higher psychosis rates among immigrants, the information on mood disorders is limited. AIMS: To review and quantify the difference in incidence of mood disorders in first- and second-generation immigrant (FGI and SGI) groups v non-immigrants. METHOD: PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO were searched for articles from cohort studies reporting incidence of mood disorders among FGIs and SGIs. RESULTS: Eighteen studies met our inclusion criteria...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069563/brief-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-patients-in-the-community-with-schizophrenia-randomised-controlled-trial-in-beijing-china
#13
Zhi-Hua Guo, Zhan-Jiang Li, Yun Ma, Jing Sun, Jun-Hua Guo, Wen-Xiu Li, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Hui-Li Xu, Roger M K Ng, Douglas Turkington, David Kingdon
BACKGROUND: Brief cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is an emerging treatment for schizophrenia in community settings; however, further trials are needed, especially in non-Western countries. AIMS: To test the effects of brief CBT for Chinese patients with schizophrenia in the community (trial registration: ChiCTR-TRC-13003709). METHOD: A total of 220 patients with schizophrenia from four districts of Beijing were randomly assigned to either brief CBT plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979821/weight-related-peer-teasing-moderates-genetic-and-environmental-risk-and-disordered-eating-twin-study
#14
A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Tracey D Wade
BACKGROUND: Weight-related peer-teasing is considered a potent prospective risk factor for development of disordered eating and clinical eating disorders. Currently, the interplay between genetic and environmental influences has yet to be elucidated. AIMS: To determine whether peer-teasing moderates latent genetic and/or environmental risk for disordered eating among female adolescent twins. METHOD: Full quantitative gene-environment interplay modelling of longitudinal trajectory of disordered eating in 685 female twins from the Australian Twin Registry...
December 15, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979819/psychosis-in-autism-comparison-of-the-features-of-both-conditions-in-a-dually-affected-cohort
#15
Felicity V Larson, Adam P Wagner, Peter B Jones, Digby Tantam, Meng-Chuan Lai, Simon Baron-Cohen, Anthony J Holland
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the presentation and characteristics of psychotic illness experienced by people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). AIMS: To describe autistic and psychotic phenomenology in a group of individuals with comorbid ASD and psychosis (ASD-P) and compare this group with populations affected by either, alone. METHOD: We studied 116 individuals with ASD-P. We compared features of their ASD with people with ASD and no comorbid psychosis (ASD-NP), and clinical characteristics of psychosis in ASD-P with people with psychosis only...
December 15, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979818/virtual-reality-compared-with-in-vivo-exposure-in-the-treatment-of-social-anxiety-disorder-a-three-arm-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Stéphane Bouchard, Stéphanie Dumoulin, Geneviève Robillard, Tanya Guitard, Évelyne Klinger, Hélène Forget, Claudie Loranger, François Xavier Roucaut
BACKGROUND: People with social anxiety disorder (SAD) fear social interactions and may be reluctant to seek treatments involving exposure to social situations. Social exposure conducted in virtual reality (VR), embedded in individual cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), could be an answer. AIMS: To show that conducting VR exposure in CBT for SAD is effective and is more practical for therapists than conducting exposure in vivo METHOD: Participants were randomly assigned to either VR exposure (n = 17), in vivo exposure (n = 22) or waiting list (n = 20)...
December 15, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148527/disruptive-transformations-to-extend-the-reach-and-refine-health-systems
#17
EDITORIAL
Kamaldeep Bhui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148526/kaleidoscope
#18
Derek K Tracy, Dan W Joyce, Sukhwinder S Shergill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148525/a-concise-guide-to-understanding-suicide-epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-prevention
#19
Monique Séguin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148524/the-voices-within-the-history-and-science-of-how-we-talk-to-ourselves
#20
Femi Oyebode
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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