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British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642259/staff-experiences-and-perceptions-of-working-with-in-patients-who-are-suicidal-qualitative-analysis
#1
Yvonne Awenat, Sarah Peters, Emma Shaw-Nunez, Patricia Gooding, Daniel Pratt, Gillian Haddock
BackgroundSuicidal behaviour is frequent in psychiatric in-patients and much staff time and resources are devoted to assessing and managing suicide risk. However, little is known about staff experiences of working with in-patients who are suicidal.AimsTo investigate staff experiences of working with in-patients who are suicidal.MethodQualitative study guided by thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with mental health staff with experience of psychiatric in-patient care.ResultsTwenty staff participated...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642258/ethnicity-and-long-term-course-and-outcome-of-psychotic-disorders-in-a-uk-sample-the-%C3%A3-sop-10-study
#2
Craig Morgan, Paul Fearon, Julia Lappin, Margaret Heslin, Kim Donoghue, Ben Lomas, Ulrich Reininghaus, Adanna Onyejiaka, Tim Croudace, Peter B Jones, Robin M Murray, Gillian A Doody, Paola Dazzan
BackgroundThe incidence of psychotic disorders is elevated in some minority ethnic populations. However, we know little about the outcome of psychoses in these populations.AimsTo investigate patterns and determinants of long-term course and outcome of psychoses by ethnic group following a first episode.MethodÆSOP-10 is a 10-year follow-up of an ethnically diverse cohort of 532 individuals with first-episode psychosis identified in the UK. Information was collected, at baseline, on clinical presentation and neurodevelopmental and social factors and, at follow-up, on course and outcome...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642257/interaction-between-the-fto-gene-body-mass-index-and-depression-meta-analysis-of-13701-individuals
#3
REVIEW
Margarita Rivera, Adam E Locke, Tanguy Corre, Darina Czamara, Christiane Wolf, Ana Ching-Lopez, Yuri Milaneschi, Stefan Kloiber, Sara Cohen-Woods, James Rucker, Katherine J Aitchison, Sven Bergmann, Dorret I Boomsma, Nick Craddock, Michael Gill, Florian Holsboer, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Ania Korszun, Zoltan Kutalik, Susanne Lucae, Wolfgang Maier, Ole Mors, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Michael J Owen, Brenda W J H Penninx, Martin Preisig, John Rice, Marcella Rietschel, Federica Tozzi, Rudolf Uher, Peter Vollenweider, Gerard Waeber, Gonneke Willemsen, Ian W Craig, Anne E Farmer, Cathryn M Lewis, Gerome Breen, Peter McGuffin
BackgroundDepression and obesity are highly prevalent, and major impacts on public health frequently co-occur. Recently, we reported that having depression moderates the effect of the FTO gene, suggesting its implication in the association between depression and obesity.AimsTo confirm these findings by investigating the FTO polymorphism rs9939609 in new cohorts, and subsequently in a meta-analysis.MethodThe sample consists of 6902 individuals with depression and 6799 controls from three replication cohorts and two original discovery cohorts...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596246/cancer-mortality-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Chuanjun Zhuo, Ran Tao, Ronghuan Jiang, Xiaodong Lin, Mingjing Shao
BackgroundPrevious studies have reported conflicting results on the association between schizophrenia and cancer mortality.AimsTo summarise available evidence and quantify the association between schizophrenia and cancer mortality using meta-analysis.MethodWe systematically searched literature in the PubMed and Embase databases. Risk estimates and 95% confidence intervals reported in individual studies were pooled using the DerSimonian-Laird random-effects model.ResultsWe included 19 studies in the meta-analysis...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596245/computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-adults-with-intellectual-disability-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Patricia Cooney, Catherine Jackman, David Coyle, Gary O'Reilly
BackgroundDespite the evidence base for computer-assisted cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in the general population, it has not yet been adapted for use with adults who have an intellectual disability.AimsTo evaluate the utility of a CBT computer game for adults who have an intellectual disability.MethodA 2×3 (group×time) randomised controlled trial design was used. Fifty-two adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability and anxiety or depression were randomly allocated to two groups: computerised CBT (cCBT) or psychiatric treatment as usual (TAU), and assessed at pre-treatment, post-treatment and 3-month follow-up...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522435/navigating-the-challenges-of-digital-health-innovation-considerations-and-solutions-in-developing-online-and-smartphone-application-based-interventions-for-mental-health-disorders
#6
Claire Hill, Jennifer L Martin, Simon Thomson, Nick Scott-Ram, Hugh Penfold, Cathy Creswell
This article presents an analysis of challenges and considerations when developing digital mental health innovations. Recommendations include collaborative working between clinicians, researchers, industry and service users in order to successfully navigate challenges and to ensure e-therapies are engaging, acceptable, evidence based, scalable and sustainable.
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522434/one-year-symptom-trajectories-in-patients-with-stable-schizophrenia-maintained-on-antipsychotics-versus-placebo-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Hiroyoshi Takeuchi, Navot Kantor, Marcos Sanches, Gagan Fervaha, Ofer Agid, Gary Remington
BackgroundAs definitions of relapse differ substantially between studies, in investigations involving data aggregation, total scores on clinical rating scales provide a more generalisable outcome.AimsTo compare total symptom trajectories for antipsychotic versus placebo treatment over a 1-year period of maintenance treatment in schizophrenia.MethodRandomised controlled trials with antipsychotic and placebo treatment arms in patients with stable schizophrenia that reported Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale total scores at more than one time point were included...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522433/beneficial-and-harmful-effects-of-educative-suicide-prevention-websites-randomised-controlled-trial-exploring-papageno-v-werther-effects
#8
Benedikt Till, Ulrich S Tran, Martin Voracek, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
BackgroundSuicide prevention organisations frequently use websites to educate the public, but evaluations of these websites are lacking.AimsTo examine the effects of educative websites and the moderating effect of participant vulnerability.MethodA total of 161 adults were randomised to either view an educative website on suicide prevention or an unrelated website in a single-blinded randomised controlled trial (trial registration with the American Economic Association's registry: RCT-ID: 000924). The primary outcome was suicidal ideation; secondary outcomes were mood, suicide-prevention-related knowledge and attitudes towards suicide/seeking professional help...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473319/clinical-utility-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-first-episode-psychosis
#9
Irina Falkenberg, Stefania Benetti, Marie Raffin, Phillipe Wuyts, William Pettersson-Yeo, Paola Dazzan, Kevin D Morgan, Robin M Murray, Tiago Reis Marques, Anthony S David, Jozef Jarosz, Andrew Simmons, Steve Williams, Philip McGuire
BackgroundThere is no consensus as to whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) should be used as part of the initial clinical evaluation of patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP).Aims(a) To assess the logistical feasibility of routine MRI; (b) to define the clinical significance of radiological abnormalities in patients with FEP.MethodRadiological reports from MRI scans of two FEP samples were reviewed; one comprised 108 patients and 98 healthy controls recruited to a research study and the other comprised 241 patients scanned at initial clinical presentation plus 66 healthy controls...
May 4, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428339/association-between-body-size-weight-change-and-depression-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Sun Jae Jung, Hyung-Taek Woo, Sooyoung Cho, Kyounghoon Park, Seokhun Jeong, Yu Jin Lee, Daehee Kang, Aesun Shin
BackgroundThe association between body size, weight change and depression has not been systematically summarised, especially for individuals who are underweight.AimsTo conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis to examine the association between indices of body size, weight change and depression.MethodA total of 183 studies were selected. Fully adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) or odds ratios (ORs) were extracted. A total of 76 studies contributed to data synthesis with a random-effect model, and subgroup analyses were conducted to evaluate the effect of potential moderators...
April 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385707/disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-in-offspring-of-parents-with-depression-and-bipolar-disorder
#11
Lukas Propper, Jill Cumby, Victoria C Patterson, Vladislav Drobinin, Jacqueline M Glover, Lynn E MacKenzie, Jessica Morash-Conway, Sabina Abidi, Alexa Bagnell, David Lovas, Tomas Hajek, William Gardner, Kathleen Pajer, Martin Alda, Rudolf Uher
BackgroundIt has been suggested that offspring of parents with bipolar disorder are at increased risk for disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), but the specificity of this association has not been established.AimsWe examined the specificity of DMDD to family history by comparing offspring of parents with (a) bipolar disorder, (b) major depressive disorder and (c) a control group with no mood disorders.MethodWe established lifetime diagnosis of DMDD using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children for DSM-5 in 180 youth aged 6-18 years, including 58 offspring of parents with bipolar disorder, 82 offspring of parents with major depressive disorder and 40 control offspring...
April 6, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385706/borderline-intellectual-functioning-and-psychosis-adult-psychiatric-morbidity-survey-evidence
#12
A Hassiotis, M Noor, P Bebbington, A Afia, J Wieland, T Qassem
Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is associated with several neuropsychological deficits. We used national data to establish the prevalence of psychosis and psychotic symptoms, and the role of potential mediators. The BIF group were more than twice as likely to have probable psychosis (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 2.3, 95% CI 1.4-4.0) and to report hallucinations (adjusted OR = 2.9, 95% CI 1.9-4.4) but not persecutory ideation. Salient mediators were depressive symptoms and the cumulative total of life events...
April 6, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385705/sustainability-of-treatment-effect-of-a-3-year-early-intervention-programme-for-first-episode-psychosis
#13
Wing Chung Chang, Vivian Wing Yan Kwong, Emily Sin Kei Lau, Hon Cheong So, Corine Sau Man Wong, Gloria Hoi Kei Chan, Olivia Tsz Ting Jim, Christy Lai Ming Hui, Sherry Kit Wa Chan, Edwin Ho Ming Lee, Eric Yu Hai Chen
BackgroundEvidence indicates that the positive effects of 2-year early intervention services for psychosis are not maintained after service withdrawal. Optimal duration of early intervention in sustaining initial improved outcomes remains to be determined.AimsTo examine the sustainability of the positive effects of an extended, 3-year, early intervention programme for patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) after transition to standard care.MethodA total of 160 patients, who had received a 2-year early intervention programme for FEP, were enrolled to a 12-month randomised-controlled trial (ClinicalTrials...
April 6, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385703/personality-disorder-and-alcohol-treatment-outcome-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Giles M Newton-Howes, James A Foulds, Nicola H Guy, Joseph M Boden, Roger T Mulder
BackgroundPersonality disorders commonly coexist with alcohol use disorders (AUDs), but there is conflicting evidence on their association with treatment outcomes.AimsTo determine the size and direction of the association between personality disorder and the outcome of treatment for AUD.MethodWe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials and longitudinal studies.ResultsPersonality disorders were associated with more alcohol-related impairment at baseline and less retention in treatment...
April 6, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572441/treatment-resistant-mental-illnesses
#15
EDITORIAL
Kamaldeep Bhui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572440/kaleidoscope
#16
Derek K Tracy, Dan W Joyce, Sukhwinder S Shergill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572439/autism-spectrum-disorder-primer-on
#17
Tom Berney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572438/authors-reply
#18
Rose McCabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572437/communication-skills-training-for-psychiatrists
#19
LETTER
Philippa Ditton-Phare, Brian Kelly, Carmel L Loughland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572436/authors-reply
#20
Bernd Löwe, Benjamin Gierk, Sebastian Kohlmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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