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British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097401/sensitive-periods-for-the-effect-of-childhood-interpersonal-violence-on-psychiatric-disorder-onset-among-adolescents
#1
Erin C Dunn, Yan Wang, Jenny Tse, Katie A McLaughlin, Garrett Fitzmaurice, Stephen E Gilman, Ezra S Susser
BackgroundAlthough childhood adversity is a strong determinant of psychopathology, it remains unclear whether there are 'sensitive periods' when a first episode of adversity is most harmful.AimsTo examine whether variation in the developmental timing of a first episode of interpersonal violence (up to age 18) associates with risk for psychopathology.MethodUsing cross-sectional data, we examined the association between age at first exposure to four types of interpersonal violence (physical abuse by parents, physical abuse by others, rape, and sexual assault/molestation) and onset of four classes of DSM-IV disorders (distress, fear, behaviour, substance use) (n = 9984)...
November 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097400/trauma-and-psychotic-experiences-transnational-data-from-the-world-mental-health-survey
#2
John J McGrath, Sukanta Saha, Carmen C W Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Laura H Andrade, Evelyn J Bromet, Ronny Bruffaerts, José M Caldas de Almeida, Graça Cardoso, Giovanni de Girolamo, John Fayyad, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep M Haro, Norito Kawakami, Karestan C Koenen, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Katie A McLaughlin, Maria E Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Akin Ojagbemi, Jose Posada-Villa, Nancy Sampson, Kate M Scott, Hisateru Tachimori, Margreet Ten Have, Kenneth S Kendler, Ronald C Kessler
BackgroundTraumatic events are associated with increased risk of psychotic experiences, but it is unclear whether this association is explained by mental disorders prior to psychotic experience onset.AimsTo investigate the associations between traumatic events and subsequent psychotic experience onset after adjusting for post-traumatic stress disorder and other mental disorders.MethodWe assessed 29 traumatic event types and psychotic experiences from the World Mental Health surveys and examined the associations of traumatic events with subsequent psychotic experience onset with and without adjustments for mental disorders...
November 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051177/high-intelligence-and-the-risk-of-adhd-and-other-psychopathology
#3
Nanda Rommelse, Kevin Antshel, Stijn Smeets, Corina Greven, Lianne Hoogeveen, Stephen V Faraone, Catharina A Hartman
BackgroundHigh intelligence may be associated with positive (adaptive, desired) outcomes, but may also come with disadvantages.AimsTo contribute empirically to the debate concerning whether a trade-off in IQ scores exists in relation to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and related problems, suggesting that high intelligence - like low intelligence - increases the risk of ADHD.MethodCurves of the relation between IQ score and ADHD problems were fitted to questionnaire data (parent, teacher, self-report) in a population-based study of 2221 children and adolescents aged 10-12 years...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051176/impact-of-co-located-welfare-advice-in-healthcare-settings-prospective-quasi-experimental-controlled-study
#4
Charlotte Woodhead, Mizanur Khondoker, Robin Lomas, Rosalind Raine
BackgroundEvaluations of primary healthcare co-located welfare advice services have been methodologically limited.AimsTo examine the impact and cost-consequences of co-located benefits and debt advice on mental health and service use.MethodProspective, controlled quasi-experimental study in eight intervention and nine comparator sites across North Thames. Changes in the proportion meeting criteria for common mental disorder (CMD, 12-item General Health Questionnaire); well-being scores (Shortened Warwick and Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale), 3-month GP consultation rate and financial strain were measured alongside funding costs and financial gains...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051175/associations-between-residual-depressive-symptoms-cognition-and-functioning-in-patients-with-euthymic-bipolar-disorder-results-from-the-face-bd-cohort
#5
Paul Roux, Aurélie Raust, Anne-Sophie Cannavo, Valérie Aubin, Bruno Aouizerate, Jean-Michel Azorin, Frank Bellivier, Raoul Belzeaux, Thierry Bougerol, Iréna Cussac, Philippe Courtet, Bruno Etain, Sébastien Gard, Sophie Job, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Marion Leboyer, Emilie Olié, Chantal Henry, Christine Passerieux
BackgroundThe relationship between residual depressive symptoms, cognition and functioning in patients with euthymic bipolar disorder is a subject of debate.AimsTo assess whether cognition mediates the association between residual depressive symptoms and functioning in patients with bipolar disorder who were euthymic.MethodWe included 241 adults with euthymic bipolar disorder in a multicentre cross-sectional study. We used a battery of tests to assess six cognition domains. A path analysis was then used to perform a mediation analysis of the relationship between residual depressive symptoms, cognitive components and functioning...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982659/remission-and-recovery-from-first-episode-psychosis-in-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-long-term-outcome-studies
#6
REVIEW
John Lally, Olesya Ajnakina, Brendon Stubbs, Michael Cullinane, Kieran C Murphy, Fiona Gaughran, Robin M Murray
BackgroundRemission and recovery rates for people with first-episode psychosis (FEP) remain uncertain.AimsTo assess pooled prevalence rates of remission and recovery in FEP and to investigate potential moderators.MethodWe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess pooled prevalence rates of remission and recovery in FEP in longitudinal studies with more than 1 year of follow-up data, and conducted meta-regression analyses to investigate potential moderators.ResultsSeventy-nine studies were included representing 19072 patients with FEP...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982658/cholesterol-and-triglyceride-levels-in-first-episode-psychosis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Toby Pillinger, Katherine Beck, Brendon Stubbs, Oliver D Howes
BackgroundThe extent of metabolic and lipid changes in first-episode psychosis (FEP) is unclear.AimsTo investigate whether individuals with FEP and no or minimal antipsychotic exposure show lipid and adipocytokine abnormalities compared with healthy controls.MethodWe conducted a meta-analysis of studies examining lipid and adipocytokine parameters in individuals with FEP and no or minimal antipsychotic exposure v. a healthy control group. Studies reported fasting total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides and leptin levels...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982657/personal-well-being-networks-social-capital-and-severe-mental-illness-exploratory-study
#8
Daryl Sweet, Richard Byng, Martin Webber, Doyo Gragn Enki, Ian Porter, John Larsen, Peter Huxley, Vanessa Pinfold
BackgroundConnectedness is a central dimension of personal recovery from severe mental illness (SMI). Research reports that people with SMI have lower social capital and poorer-quality social networks compared to the general population.AimsTo identify personal well-being network (PWN) types and explore additional insights from mapping connections to places and activities alongside social ties.MethodWe carried out 150 interviews with individuals with SMI and mapped social ties, places and activities and their impact on well-being...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982656/changing-the-obesogenic-environment-to-improve-cardiometabolic-health-in-residential-patients-with-a-severe-mental-illness-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Anne Looijmans, Annemarie P M Stiekema, Richard Bruggeman, Lisette van der Meer, Ronald P Stolk, Robert A Schoevers, Frederike Jörg, Eva Corpeleijn
BackgroundFor patients with severe mental illness (SMI) in residential facilities, adopting a healthy lifestyle is hampered by the obesity promoting (obesogenic) environment.AimsTo determine the effectiveness of a 12-month lifestyle intervention addressing the obesogenic environment with respect to diet and physical activity to improve waist circumference and cardiometabolic risk factors v. care as usual (Dutch Trial Registry: NTR2720).MethodIn a multisite cluster randomised controlled pragmatic trial, 29 care teams were randomised into 15 intervention (365 patients) and 14 control teams (371 patients)...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935663/work-related-ill-health-in-doctors-working-in-great-britain-incidence-rates-and-trends
#10
Anli Yue Zhou, Melanie Carder, Matthew Gittins, Raymond Agius
BackgroundDoctors have a higher prevalence of mental ill health compared with other professional occupations but incidence rates are poorly studied.AimsTo determine incidence rates and trends of work-related ill health (WRIH) and work-related mental ill health (WRMIH) in doctors compared with other professions in Great Britain.MethodIncidence rates were calculated using an occupational physician reporting scheme from 2005-2010. Multilevel regression was use to study incidence rates from 2001 to 2014.ResultsAnnual incidence rates for WRIH and WRIMH in doctors were 515 and 431 per 100 000 people employed, respectively...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935659/effect-of-stage-comorbidities-and-treatment-on-survival-among-cancer-patients-with-or-without-mental-illness
#11
Kristiina Manderbacka, Martti Arffman, Jaana Suvisaari, Aulikki Ahlgren-Rimpiläinen, Sonja Lumme, Ilmo Keskimäki, Eero Pukkala
BackgroundEarlier research suggests poorer outcome of cancer care among people with severe mental illness (SMI).AimsTo assess the effect of stage at presentation, comorbidities and treatment on differences in survival among cancer patients with and without a history of SMI in Finland.MethodThe total population with a first cancer diagnosis in 1990-2013 was drawn from the Finnish Cancer Registry. Hospital admissions because of SMI and deaths were obtained from administrative registers. We calculated Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox regression models to examine survival differences...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092842/positive-brands-for-brain-mind-and-body
#12
EDITORIAL
Kamaldeep Bhui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092841/kaleidoscope
#13
Derek K Tracy, Dan W Joyce, Sukhwinder S Shergill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092840/a-monster-calls-dissociation-in-children-s-literature-reflection
#14
Nishan Ghoshal, Paul O Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092839/the-clearing-poems-by-doctors
#15
Daniel Racey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092838/-a-week-before-examination-by-lucretia-maria-davidson-1808-1825-psychiatry-in-history
#16
Oyedeji Ayonrinde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092837/can-psychotherapy-replace-the-void-left-by-religion-in-a-modern-post-religious-society-first-person-account-extra
#17
Kathrin Hofert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092836/invited-commentary-on-%C3%A2-confusing-procedures-with-process-in-cognitive-bias-modification-research-%C3%A2
#18
Ioana A Cristea, Robin N Kok, Pim Cuijpers
The notion that cognitive bias modification should be appraised exclusively on the basis of trials where its postulated mechanisms were successfully changed starkly contradicts the standards of evidence-based psychotherapy. In the laboratory or as a treatment, cognitive bias modification cannot continue to eschew the rigorous scrutiny applied to other interventions.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092835/confusing-procedures-with-process-when-appraising-the-impact-of-cognitive-bias-modification-on-emotional-vulnerability-%C3%A2
#19
Ben Grafton, Colin MacLeod, Daniel Rudaizky, Emily A Holmes, Elske Salemink, Elaine Fox, Lies Notebaert
If meta-analysis is to provide valuable answers, then it is critical to ensure clarity about the questions being asked. Here, we distinguish two important questions concerning cognitive bias modification research that are not differentiated in the meta-analysis recently published by Cristea et al (2015) in this journal: (1) do the varying procedures that investigators have employed with the intention of modifying cognitive bias, on average, significantly impact emotional vulnerability?; and (2) does the process of successfully modifying cognitive bias, on average, significantly impact emotional vulnerability? We reanalyse the data from Cristea et al to address this latter question...
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092834/suicide-prevention-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-part-perceptions-partial-solutions
#20
EDITORIAL
K S Jacob
Suicide, a common cause of death in many low- and middle-income countries, has often been viewed through a medical/psychiatric lens. Such perspectives medicalise social and personal distress and suggest individual and medication-based treatments. This editorial argues for the need to examine suicide from a public health perspective and suggests the need for population-based social and economic interventions.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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