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British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882830/autobiographical-memory-a-candidate-latent-vulnerability-mechanism-for-psychiatric-disorder-following-childhood-maltreatment
#1
Eamon J McCrory, Vanessa B Puetz, Eleanor A Maguire, Andrea Mechelli, Amy Palmer, Mattia I Gerin, Philip A Kelly, Iakovina Koutoufa, Essi Viding
BackgroundAltered autobiographical memory (ABM) functioning has been implicated in the pathogenesis of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder and may represent one mechanism by which childhood maltreatment elevates psychiatric risk.AimsTo investigate the impact of childhood maltreatment on ABM functioning.MethodThirty-four children with documented maltreatment and 33 matched controls recalled specific ABMs in response to emotionally valenced cue words during functional magnetic resonance imaging.ResultsChildren with maltreatment experience showed reduced hippocampal and increased middle temporal and parahippocampal activation during positive ABM recall compared with peers...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882829/childhood-cognitive-development-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-case-control-study
#2
Samuel J R A Chawner, Joanne L Doherty, Hayley Moss, Maria Niarchou, James T R Walters, Michael J Owen, Marianne B M van den Bree
Background22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is associated with a high risk of childhood as well as adult psychiatric disorders, in particular schizophrenia. Childhood cognitive deterioration in 22q11.2DS has previously been reported, but only in studies lacking a control sample.AimsTo compare cognitive trajectories in children with 22q11.2DS and unaffected control siblings.MethodA longitudinal study of neurocognitive functioning (IQ, executive function, processing speed and attention) was conducted in children with 22q11...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882828/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-factors-that-help-or-hinder-treatment-decision-making-capacity-in-psychosis
#3
REVIEW
Amanda Larkin, Paul Hutton
BackgroundThe evidence on factors that may influence treatment decisional capacity ('capacity') in psychosis has yet to be comprehensively synthesised, which limits the development of effective strategies to improve or support it.AimsTo determine the direction, magnitude and reliability of the relationship between capacity in psychosis and a range of clinical, demographic and treatment-related factors, thus providing a thorough synthesis of current knowledge.MethodWe conducted a systematic review, meta-analytical and narrative synthesis of factors that help or hinder treatment decision-making capacity in psychosis, assessing the direction, magnitude, significance and reliability of reported associations...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882827/treatment-of-depression-in-schizophrenia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Angharad Gregory, Pavan Mallikarjun, Rachel Upthegrove
BackgroundDepression in schizophrenia predicts poor outcomes, including suicide, yet the effectiveness of antidepressants for its treatment remains uncertain.AimsTo synthesise the evidence of the effectiveness of antidepressants for the treatment of depression in schizophrenia.MethodMultiple databases were searched and inclusion criteria included participants aged over 18 years with schizophrenia or related psychosis with a depressive episode. Papers were quality assessed used the Cochrane risk bias tool. Meta-analyses were performed for risk difference and standardised mean difference of all antidepressants, antidepressant class and individual antidepressant where sufficient studies allowed...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882826/improving-life-expectancy-in-people-with-serious-mental-illness-should-we-place-more-emphasis-on-primary-prevention
#5
Athif Ilyas, Edward Chesney, Rashmi Patel
People with serious mental illness have a reduced life expectancy that is partly attributable to increased cardiovascular disease. One approach to address this is regular physical health monitoring. However, physical health monitoring is poorly implemented in everyday clinical practice and there is little evidence to suggest that it improves physical health. We argue that greater emphasis should be placed on primary prevention strategies such as assertive smoking cessation, dietary and exercise interventions and more judicious psychotropic prescribing...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729356/influence-of-childhood-trauma-on-diagnosis-and-substance-use-in-first-episode-psychosis
#6
S Tomassi, S Tosato, V Mondelli, C Faravelli, A Lasalvia, G Fioravanti, C Bonetto, A Fioritti, C Cremonese, R Lo Parrino, K De Santi, A Meneghelli, S Torresani, G De Girolamo, E Semrov, M Pratelli, D Cristofalo, M Ruggeri
BackgroundChildhood trauma has been significantly associated with first-episode psychosis, affective dysfunction and substance use.AimsTo test whether people with first-episode psychosis who had experienced childhood trauma, when compared with those who had not, showed a higher rate of affective psychosis and an increased lifetime rate of substance use.MethodThe sample comprised 345 participants with first-episode psychosis (58% male, mean age 29.8 years, s.d. = 9.7).ResultsSevere sexual abuse was significantly associated with a diagnosis of affective psychosis (χ(2) = 4...
July 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684404/depressive-and-anxious-symptoms-and-the-risk-of-secondary-school-non-completion
#7
Frédéric N Brière, Sophie Pascal, Véronique Dupéré, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Francis Allard, Gabrielle Yale-Soulière, Michel Janosz
BackgroundEvidence regarding the association between adolescent internalising symptoms and school non-completion has been limited and inconclusive.AimsTo examine whether depressive and anxious symptoms at secondary school entry predict school non-completion beyond confounders and whether associations differ by baseline academic functioning.MethodWe used logistic regression to examine associations between depressive and anxious symptoms in grade 7 (age 12-14) and school non-completion (age 18-20) in 4962 adolescents...
July 6, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864763/highlights-of-this-issue
#8
Derek K Tracy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864762/life-course-psychiatry-promoting-healthy-parenting-childhoods-treatment-and-living-space
#9
EDITORIAL
Kamaldeep Bhui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864761/kaleidoscope
#10
Derek K Tracy, Dan W Joyce, Sukhwinder S Shergill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864760/correction
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864759/authors-reply
#12
Nav Kapur, Leah Quinlivan, Sarah Steeg, Rory O'Connor, Keith Hawton, David Gunnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864758/suicide-risk-assessment-tools-do-not-perform-worse-than-clinical-judgement
#13
LETTER
Seena Fazel, Achim Wolf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864757/authors-reply
#14
Nina Schnyder, Radoslaw Panczak, Nicola Groth, Frauke Schultze-Lutter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864756/public-anti-stigma-programmes-might-impove-help-seeking
#15
LETTER
Sara Evans-Lacko, Brandon Kohrt, Claire Henderson, Graham Thornicroft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864755/the-gastroenterology-ward-at-delphi-poems-by-doctors
#16
Daniel Racey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864754/doctor-in-court-what-do-lawyers-really-need-from-doctors-and-what-can-doctors-learn-from-lawyers
#17
EDITORIAL
Hugh Series, Jonathan Herring
Doctors and lawyers are usually well-educated, thoughtful people. Both groups have to assimilate large amounts of information and use it to make decisions. But the way that they do it is very different. Doctors have a better chance of helping courts to make good decisions if they understand exactly what courts need from them.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864753/bipolar-disorder-and-addictions-the-elephant-in-the-room
#18
EDITORIAL
Paul R A Stokes, Nicola J Kalk, Allan H Young
Addictions are highly prevalent in bipolar disorder and greatly affect clinical outcomes. In this editorial, we review the evidence that addictions are a key challenge in bipolar disorder, examine putative neurobiological mechanisms, and reflect on the limited clinical trial evidence base with suggestions for treatment strategies and further developments.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864752/closing-the-mortality-gap-for-severe-mental-illness-are-we-going-in-the-right-direction
#19
EDITORIAL
Najma Siddiqi, Tim Doran, Stephanie L Prady, Johanna Taylor
In this editorial, we discuss a UK-based cohort study examining the mortality gap for people with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder from 2000 to 2014. There have been concerted efforts to improve physical and mental healthcare for this population in recent decades. Have these initiatives reduced mortality and 'closed the gap'?
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864751/up-and-away-by-isobell-prescott-psychiatry-in-pictures
#20
Lucy Alexander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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