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British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069564/mood-disorders-in-first-and-second-generation-immigrants-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Irina Mindlis, Paolo Boffetta
BACKGROUND: Although there are consistent reports of higher psychosis rates among immigrants, the information on mood disorders is limited. AIMS: To review and quantify the difference in incidence of mood disorders in first- and second-generation immigrant (FGI and SGI) groups v non-immigrants. METHOD: PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO were searched for articles from cohort studies reporting incidence of mood disorders among FGIs and SGIs. RESULTS: Eighteen studies met our inclusion criteria...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069563/brief-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-patients-in-the-community-with-schizophrenia-randomised-controlled-trial-in-beijing-china
#2
Zhi-Hua Guo, Zhan-Jiang Li, Yun Ma, Jing Sun, Jun-Hua Guo, Wen-Xiu Li, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Hui-Li Xu, Roger M K Ng, Douglas Turkington, David Kingdon
BACKGROUND: Brief cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is an emerging treatment for schizophrenia in community settings; however, further trials are needed, especially in non-Western countries. AIMS: To test the effects of brief CBT for Chinese patients with schizophrenia in the community (trial registration: ChiCTR-TRC-13003709). METHOD: A total of 220 patients with schizophrenia from four districts of Beijing were randomly assigned to either brief CBT plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979821/weight-related-peer-teasing-moderates-genetic-and-environmental-risk-and-disordered-eating-twin-study
#3
A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Tracey D Wade
BACKGROUND: Weight-related peer-teasing is considered a potent prospective risk factor for development of disordered eating and clinical eating disorders. Currently, the interplay between genetic and environmental influences has yet to be elucidated. AIMS: To determine whether peer-teasing moderates latent genetic and/or environmental risk for disordered eating among female adolescent twins. METHOD: Full quantitative gene-environment interplay modelling of longitudinal trajectory of disordered eating in 685 female twins from the Australian Twin Registry...
December 15, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979820/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-psychosis-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Frances Shawyer, John Farhall, Neil Thomas, Steven C Hayes, Robert Gallop, David Copolov, David J Castle
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) in psychosis has been reported but not for medication-resistant psychosis. AIMS: To test the efficacy of ACT in a sample of community-residing patients with persisting psychotic symptoms. (Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12608000210370.) METHOD: The primary outcome was overall mental state at post-therapy (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale - total); secondary outcomes were psychotic symptom dimensions and functioning...
December 15, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979819/psychosis-in-autism-comparison-of-the-features-of-both-conditions-in-a-dually-affected-cohort
#5
Felicity V Larson, Adam P Wagner, Peter B Jones, Digby Tantam, Meng-Chuan Lai, Simon Baron-Cohen, Anthony J Holland
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the presentation and characteristics of psychotic illness experienced by people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). AIMS: To describe autistic and psychotic phenomenology in a group of individuals with comorbid ASD and psychosis (ASD-P) and compare this group with populations affected by either, alone. METHOD: We studied 116 individuals with ASD-P. We compared features of their ASD with people with ASD and no comorbid psychosis (ASD-NP), and clinical characteristics of psychosis in ASD-P with people with psychosis only...
December 15, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979818/virtual-reality-compared-with-in-vivo-exposure-in-the-treatment-of-social-anxiety-disorder-a-three-arm-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Stéphane Bouchard, Stéphanie Dumoulin, Geneviève Robillard, Tanya Guitard, Évelyne Klinger, Hélène Forget, Claudie Loranger, François Xavier Roucaut
BACKGROUND: People with social anxiety disorder (SAD) fear social interactions and may be reluctant to seek treatments involving exposure to social situations. Social exposure conducted in virtual reality (VR), embedded in individual cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), could be an answer. AIMS: To show that conducting VR exposure in CBT for SAD is effective and is more practical for therapists than conducting exposure in vivo METHOD: Participants were randomly assigned to either VR exposure (n = 17), in vivo exposure (n = 22) or waiting list (n = 20)...
December 15, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908900/democratic-therapeutic-community-treatment-for-personality-disorder-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Steve Pearce, Lisle Scott, Gillian Attwood, Kate Saunders, Madeleine Dean, Ritz De Ridder, David Galea, Haroula Konstantinidou, Mike Crawford
BACKGROUND: Democratic therapeutic community (DTC) treatment has been used for many years in an effort to help people with personality disorder. High-quality evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is absent. AIMS: To test whether DTC treatment reduces use of in-patient services and improves the mental health of people with personality disorder. METHOD: An RCT of 70 people meeting DSM-IV criteria for personality disorder (trial registration: ISRCTN57363317)...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908899/undertreatment-of-people-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-21-countries
#8
Graham Thornicroft, Somnath Chatterji, Sara Evans-Lacko, Michael Gruber, Nancy Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brendan Bunting, Jose Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Elie Karam, Norito Kawakami, Sing Lee, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, Jose Posada-Villa, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Ronald C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. AIMS: To examine the: (a) 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV MDD; (b) proportion aware that they have a problem needing treatment and who want care; (c) proportion of the latter receiving treatment; and (d) proportion of such treatment meeting minimal standards. METHOD: Representative community household surveys from 21 countries as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908898/clinically-useful-screen-for-borderline-personality-disorder-in-psychiatric-out-patients
#9
Mark Zimmerman, Matthew D Multach, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski
A total of 3674 psychiatric out-patients were evaluated with a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV borderline personality disorder (BPD). The affective instability criterion had a sensitivity of 92.8%, higher than the sensitivities of the other eight BPD criteria. The negative predictive value of the affective instability criterion was 99%. We recommend that clinicians screen for BPD in the same way that they screen for other psychiatric disorders: by enquiring about a single feature of the disorder (i...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908897/cortisol-as-a-predictor-of-psychological-therapy-response-in-depressive-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Susanne Fischer, Rebecca Strawbridge, Andres Herane Vives, Anthony J Cleare
BACKGROUND: Many patients with depressive disorders demonstrate resistance to psychological therapy. A frequent finding is hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis alterations. As cortisol is known to modulate cognitive processes, those patients may be less likely to profit from psychological therapy. AIMS: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on cortisol as a predictor of psychological therapy response. METHOD: The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases were searched...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908896/depression-screening-with-patient-targeted-feedback-in-cardiology-depscreen-info-randomised-clinical-trial
#11
Bernd Löwe, Stefan Blankenberg, Karl Wegscheider, Hans-Helmut König, Dirk Walter, Alexandra M Murray, Benjamin Gierk, Sebastian Kohlmann
BACKGROUND: International guidelines advocate depression screening in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and other chronic illnesses, but evidence is lacking. AIMS: To test the differential efficacy of written patient-targeted feedback v. no written patient feedback after depression screening. METHOD: Patients with CHD or hypertension from three cardiology settings were randomised and screened for depression (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01879111)...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908895/childhood-maltreatment-and-characteristics-of-adult-depression-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Janna Nelson, Anne Klumparendt, Philipp Doebler, Thomas Ehring
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment has been discussed as a risk factor for the development and maintenance of depression. AIMS: To examine the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adult depression with regard to depression incidence, severity, age at onset, course of illness and treatment response. METHOD: We conducted meta-analyses of original articles reporting an association between childhood maltreatment and depression outcomes in adult populations...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856422/allopurinol-as-add-on-treatment-for-mania-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Francesco Bartoli, Cristina Crocamo, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
BACKGROUND: Since bipolar disorder seems to be associated with purinergic system dysfunction, allopurinol might be effective in treating symptoms of mania. AIMS: To estimate the efficacy and tolerability of allopurinol as adjunctive treatment for mania symptoms in people with bipolar affective disorder. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effects of adjunctive allopurinol and placebo on mania symptom changes...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856421/impact-of-long-term-medical-conditions-on-the-outcomes-of-psychological-therapy-for-depression-and-anxiety
#14
Jaime Delgadillo, Alexander Dawson, Simon Gilbody, Jan R Böhnke
BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions often coexist with depression and anxiety. AIMS: To assess the effectiveness of stepped-care psychological therapies for patients with long-term conditions. METHOD: Data from 28 498 patients were analysed using regression to model depression (Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)) and anxiety (Generalised Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7)) outcomes. Post-treatment symptoms and effect sizes (d) were estimated for individuals with and without long-term conditions, controlling for covariates...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810893/solving-a-weighty-problem-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-nutrition-interventions-in-severe-mental-illness
#15
REVIEW
Scott B Teasdale, Philip B Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, Katherine Samaras, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: Nutrition interventions would appear fundamental for weight management and cardiometabolic risk reduction in people experiencing severe mental illness (SMI). Comprehensive evaluation of nutrition interventions is lacking. AIMS: To subject randomised controlled trials of nutrition interventions in people with SMI to systematic review and meta-analysis, and to measure anthropometric and biochemical parameters and nutritional intake. METHOD: An electronic database search identified trials with nutrition intervention components...
November 3, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810892/telomere-length-and-depression-prospective-cohort-study-and-mendelian-randomisation-study-in-67-306-individuals
#16
Marie Kim Wium-Andersen, David Dynnes Ørsted, Line Rode, Stig Egil Bojesen, Børge Grønne Nordestgaard
BACKGROUND: Depression has been cross-sectionally associated with short telomeres as a measure of biological age. However, the direction and nature of the association is currently unclear. AIMS: We examined whether short telomere length is associated with depression cross-sectionally as well as prospectively and genetically. METHOD: Telomere length and three polymorphisms, TERT, TERC and OBFC1, were measured in 67 306 individuals aged 20-100 years from the Danish general population and associated with register-based attendance at hospital for depression and purchase of antidepressant medication...
November 3, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810891/sponsorship-bias-in-the-comparative-efficacy-of-psychotherapy-and-pharmacotherapy-for-adult-depression-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Ioana A Cristea, Claudio Gentili, Pietro Pietrini, Pim Cuijpers
BACKGROUND: Sponsorship bias has never been investigated for non-pharmacological treatments like psychotherapy. AIMS: We examined industry funding and author financial conflict of interest (COI) in randomised controlled trials directly comparing psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy in depression. METHOD: We conducted a meta-analysis with subgroup comparisons for industry v. non-industry-funded trials, and respectively for trial reports with author financial COI v...
November 3, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765773/comparing-young-people-s-experience-of-technology-delivered-v-face-to-face-mindfulness-and-relaxation-two-armed-qualitative-focus-group-study
#18
Conall Tunney, Patricia Cooney, David Coyle, Gary O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: The current popularity of mindfulness-based practices has coincided with the increase in access to mobile technology. This has led to many mindfulness apps and programs becoming available, some specifically for children. However, little is known about the experience of engaging with mindfulness through these mediums. AIMS: To explore children's experience of mindfulness delivered both face-to-face and through a computer game to highlight any differences or similarities...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052904/highlights-of-this-issue
#19
Derek K Tracy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052903/cultural-neuroscience-a-meta-paradigm-for-psychiatry
#20
EDITORIAL
Kamaldeep Bhui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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