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British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089170/iliolumbar-artery-a-useful-pedicle-for-the-iliac-crest-free-flap-in-maxillofacial-reconstruction
#1
T Singh, K Andi
The iliac crest free flap is commonly used in maxillofacial reconstruction, and is typically supplied by the deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA). However, the iliolumbar artery is an alternative blood supply that can potentially be used in such reconstructions. We describe the anatomy of the iliolumbar artery and review publications about its clinical use. We raised four cadaveric iliac crest free flaps using both the DCIA and the iliolumbar artery to illustrate its use in reconstructing maxillofacial defects...
January 11, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087210/evaluation-of-lip-force-in-patients-with-unilateral-and-bilateral-cleft-lip
#2
Y Fındık, T Baykul, M A Aydın, E Esenlik, B N Ordu
Our aim was to investigate the differences in the dynamics of lip force between a group of participants with repaired cleft lips and a group of patients the same age but without clefts. We evaluated 101 children between the ages of 10 to 15 years (unilateral clefts n=35, bilateral clefts n=15, class I malocclusion n=25, and class III malocclusion n=26). Maximum and minimum forces required to close the lips were evaluated with the Lip De Cum(®) device (Cosmos Instruments Co Ltd, Tokyo, Japan) for the all groups...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065645/mandibular-reconstruction-with-vascularised-bone-flaps-a-systematic-review-over-25-years
#3
REVIEW
J S Brown, D Lowe, A Kanatas, A Schache
To explore the techniques for mandibular reconstruction with composite free flaps and their outcomes, we systematically reviewed reports published between 1990 and 2015. A total of 9499 mandibular defects were reconstructed with 6178 fibular, 1380 iliac crest, 1127 composite radial, 709 scapular, 63 serratus anterior and rib, 32 metatarsal, and 10 lateral arm flaps including humerus. The failure rate was higher for the iliac crest (6.2%, 66/1059) than for fibular, radial, and scapular flaps combined (3.4%, 202/6018) (p<0...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063741/custom-made-fibular-cradle-plate-to-optimise-bony-height-contour-of-the-lower-border-and-length-of-the-pedicle-in-reconstruction-of-the-mandible
#4
A M C Goodson, P L Evans, H Goodrum, A W Sugar, M A Kittur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062162/brainstem-infarct-after-le-fort-i-osteotomy-a-morbid-complication
#5
LETTER
R Dhurwe, J P Sharma, S Saigal, A Rai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041681/versatility-of-buccinator-flaps-for-the-treatment-of-palatal-defects-a-series-of-cases
#6
REVIEW
M A Gavin Clavero, M V Simón Sanz, Ú M Jariod Ferrer, A Mur Til
The buccinator flap is currently one of the best techniques for the reconstruction of defects in the oral cavity and other sites. Reconstruction of the palate is a major challenge because of the functional consequences of the excision of lesions in this area. The main goal is to maintain separation between the mouth and the nose. We have done a cross-sectional retrospective descriptive study of a series of cases reconstruction of palatal defects with buccinator flap at the University Hospital Miguel Servet in Zaragoza during a six-year period and compared our results, morbidity, and mortality with those of published series...
December 29, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034471/pentoxifylline-a-review-of-its-use-in-osteoradionecrosis
#7
REVIEW
A J Lyons, P A Brennan
Pentoxifylline has been used to treat complications related to fibrosis for over 20 years. Formerly used to treat those after radiotherapy such as osteoradionecrosis (ORN), it is now being tried for medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), which can occur after prolonged use of bisphosphonates. We review theories on the formation of fibrosis in patients with ORN, discuss the pharmacology of pentoxifylline and vitamin E, and report published outcomes. To our knowledge no prospective randomised controlled trial has investigated the benefits of these agents in cases of ORN, but reported outcomes in many published case series are encouraging...
December 26, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027781/use-of-pentoxifylline-and-tocopherol-in-radiation-induced-fibrosis-and-fibroatrophy
#8
REVIEW
V Patel, M McGurk
Radiation-induced fibrosis in the head and neck is a well-established pathophysiological process after radiotherapy. Recently pentoxifylline and tocopherol have been proposed as treatments to combat the late complications of radiation-induced fibrosis and a way of dealing with osteoradionecrosis. They both have a long history in the management of radiation-induced fibrosis at other anatomical sites. In this paper we review their use in sites other than the head and neck to illustrate the potential benefit that they offer to our patients...
December 24, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027780/star-excursion-balance-test-for-assessment-of-dynamic-instability-of-the-ankle-in-patients-after-harvest-of-a-fibular-free-flap-a-two-centre-study
#9
K C Shah, J P Peehal, A Shah, S Crank, H S Flora
We aimed to show that the star excursion balance test can identify instability in the ankle of patients who have had harvest of a fibular free flap. We compared the reach distance of the operated leg against that of the non-operated leg in 26 patients who had had harvest of the flap over a period of three years from August 2009 at two different centres. The goal of the test is to reach as far as possible with one leg in eight directions while balancing on the other. We also assessed the overall function of the operated leg using the Foot and Ankle Disability Index (FADI) and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Score (AOFAS)...
December 24, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017378/cast-cap-splint-in-the-management-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#10
G Markose, R M Graham
We describe the management of a pathological fracture in a patient with medication-related osteonecrosis using a cast-cap splint. In selected cases this is a simple solution to what can be a difficult condition to treat.
December 22, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010891/use-of-extracapsular-dissection-for-benign-minor-palatal-tumours-of-the-salivary-gland-a-technical-note
#11
Shiva Subramaniam, Peter A Brennan, Rajiv Anand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007487/effects-of-hypericum-perforatum-on-the-healing-of-xenografts-a-histomorphometric-study-in-rabbits
#12
I Damlar, O F Arpağ, U Tatli, A Altan
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of the Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort) on bone healing in rabbit calvarium. Ten male New Zealand rabbits each had three bicortical defects made in the calvarial bones, which were filled with xenograft, xenograft+H perforatum oil extract, and autogenous graft. Four weeks postoperatively all rabbits were killed and the bony defects examined histomorphometrically. Tissue compartments including new bone (p<0.001), marrow space (p<0.001), and residual bone grafts (p=0...
December 19, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993502/curious-case-of-the-bilaterally-absent-omohyoid-muscle
#13
LETTER
V Konduru, C T Thomas, P Gaikwad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989357/trigeminocardiac-reflex
#14
LETTER
M Dillon, A Power, C Mannion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986307/diameter-of-alveolar-antral-artery-in-the-lateral-sinus-wall-study-of-related-factors
#15
P Varela-Centelles, J Seoane, M Loira-Gago, A González-Mosquera, J M Seoane-Romero
To identify the variables that influence the diameter of the artery in the lateral sinus wall, we studied 240 sinuses, focusing on sex, pattern of tooth loss, type of residual crest, thickness of the lateral wall, height and width of the ridge, and width of the sinus.
December 13, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986306/re-re-tattoos-could-they-be-used-to-advantage-as-a-medical-alert-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#16
LETTER
S D Colbert, P A Brennan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955929/ten-thousand-steps-a-pedometer-study-of-junior-dentists-in-a-major-british-teaching-hospital-and-a-district-general-hospital
#17
R M Keat, M Thomas, A McKechnie
Sedentary behaviour is widely associated with deleterious health outcomes that in modern medicine have similar connotations to smoking tobacco and alcohol misuse. The integration of e-portfolio, e-logbook, British National Formulary (BNF) and encrypted emails has made smartphones a necessity for trainees. Smartphones also have the ability to record the amount of exercise taken, which allows activity at work to be monitored. The aim of this study to compare the activity of the same group of dental core trainees when they worked within a large multisite teaching hospital and a smaller district general hospital, to find out if supplementary activity was needed outside work...
December 9, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938945/complications-after-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-a-retrospective-study-of-7449-consecutive-thyroid-nodules
#18
C Cappelli, I Pirola, B Agosti, A Tironi, E Gandossi, P Incardona, F Marini, A Guerini, M Castellano
Although fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology of thyroid nodules is invasive, it is simple, reliable, safe, and well-accepted by patients. Local pain and minor haematomas are the most common complications, and serious ones are rare. We report the complications associated with ultrasound-guided FNA of 7449 thyroid nodules in a series of 6323 patients (5121 women and 1202 men) treated between January 2007 and March 2016 at our institution. We reviewed their medical and imaging records, and recorded the number and type of complications, time of detection, time to recovery, management, and permanent consequences...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931722/mandibular-stability-using-sliding-or-conventional-four-hole-plates-for-fixation-after-bilateral-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy-for-mandibular-setback
#19
H G Lee, K J Agpoon, A N Besana, H K Lim, H S Jang, E S Lee
Our aim was to compare the postoperative stability of the mandible when two different fixation methods had been used after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) for mandibular setback. The study included 23 patients who had two-jaw BSSRO mandibular setback at the Department of Oromaxillofacial Surgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, between January 2011 and June 2014. The first group (four-hole (control) group, n=13) comprised patients whose bony segments were fixed with conventional four-hole plates, and the second (sliding plate (experimental) group, n=10) included patients whose bone segments were fixed with sliding plates...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923511/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-associated-with-aflibercept
#20
P Zarringhalam, E Brizman, K Shakib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 3, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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