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British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318573/ophthalmic-outcomes-of-fractured-zygomas
#1
R J McGalliard, J Kimpton, N M H McLeod
In patients with fractures of the zygomatic complex, computed tomography (CT) often identifies extensive defects in the orbital floor. Some surgeons recommend routine exploration and repair of these defects during repair of the zygoma, while others advocate a more selective approach, but there is a paucity of evidence either way. We report a retrospective case series of 50 patients who had open reduction and internal fixation of zygomatic fractures by a single surgeon in the maxillofacial department at the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, between 2011and 2014...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318574/re-argument-for-the-conservative-management-of-mandibular-ameloblastomas
#2
LETTER
P Prasad, R S Desai, S Bansal, P M Shirsat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318572/corrigendum-to-comparison-of-cardiovascular-responses-after-injection-of-lidocaine-with-either-clonidine-or-adrenaline-a-two-year-comparative-analysis-br-j-oral-maxillofac-surg-55-2017-67-70
#3
R Dandriyal, S Pachauri, K Y Giri, S Rastogi, N I B Prasad, S Agarwal, H P Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292526/delivery-of-glycerol-trinitrate-after-reconstruction-with-an-oral-free-flap
#4
LETTER
M Davies, J Parmar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292525/intraoperative-cell-isolation-for-a-cytological-assessment-of-bone-resection-margins-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#5
M Nieberler, P Häußler, M R Kesting, A Kolk, H Stimmer, K Nentwig, G Weirich, K-D Wolff
The intraoperative cytological assessment of bony resection margins (ICAB) is a feasible diagnostic approach to support frozen section for assessment of invasion of margins of soft and hard tissue. However, complex resection margins could challenge both diagnostic approaches. Our objective here was to identify the limitations of intraoperative diagnostic methods for assessing margins. We present an advanced cytological approach to assess complex margins that may solve the problem. Data from 119 patients in whom frozen section was supported by ICAB, were reviewed and the reasons for false results analysed...
March 11, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285730/new-in-vivo-model-to-analyse-the-expression-of-angiogenic-genes-in-the-borders-of-a-cleft-lip
#6
C François, M L Poli-Merol, C Tournois, P Cornillet-Lefebvre, T Guillard, Z Djerada, M Doco Fenzy, P Nguyen
Defects in the fusion of facial buds can result from an anomaly in tissue development or apoptosis, or both. Our working hypothesis was that anomalies in the development of tissues could be caused by a genetic angiogenic defect. Our main objective was to design a reproducible experimental model to study the expression of angiogenic genes in the borders of cleft lips with or without cleft palate. We therefore prospectively studied seven non-syndromic patients, three with a cleft lip (2 right, 1 left), and four with a cleft lip and palate (1 bilateral, 2 right, 1 left), with no CGH (comparative genomic hybridisation) array, who had primary operations to repair their clefts...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268028/diffuse-heterotopic-calcification-of-fibula-flap-a-previously-unreported-case
#7
LETTER
P Lugaric, C Frezzini, A Patterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256279/unexpected-case-of-sclerosing-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-the-submandibular-salivary-gland
#8
LETTER
I Gill, L Brezina, J Siddiqi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256278/changes-in-natural-head-position-in-response-to-mandibular-advancement
#9
Xiaozhen Lin, Sean P Edwards
We investigated the change in the natural head position and its relation to the change in the mandibular position in patients with mandibular hypoplasia. Forty-one patients treated by orthognathic surgery were divided into three groups: bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) advancement (n=8); BSSO advancement with genioplasty (n=12), and Le Fort I osteotomy with BSSO advancement (n=21). Cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) datasets were collected preoperatively and six weeks postoperatively. The natural head position was measured using the craniocervical angle and the distance from the second vertebra to the frontal plane, and the mandibular position was measured using the craniomandibular angle and the distance from the mandible to the frontal plane...
February 27, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249702/comparison-of-the-clinical-effects-of-treatment-of-osteochondroma-by-two-types-of-vertical-ramus-osteotomy
#10
H Zhou, C Liao, J Hu, W Fei
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate 10 patients with osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle who were treated by vertical ramus osteotomy. Three patients had resection of the condyle and reconstruction with free vertical ramus osteotomy grafts (free graft group) and seven had pedicled vertical sliding ramus osteotomy grafts (pedicled graft group). The mean (range) observation period was 30 months. All patients had satisfactory clinical outcomes, and facial symmetry and good occlusion were achieved during the first 10 months...
February 26, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245958/use-of-maxillofacial-laboratory-materials-to-construct-a-tissue-equivalent-head-phantom-with-removable-titanium-implantable-devices-for-use-in-verification-of-the-dose-of-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy
#11
K Morris
The dose of radiotherapy is often verified by measuring the dose of radiation at specific points within a phantom. The presence of high-density implant materials such as titanium, however, may cause complications both during calculation and delivery of the dose. Numerous studies have reported photon/electron backscatter and alteration of the dose by high-density implants, but we know of no evidence of a dosimetry phantom that incorporates high density implants or fixtures. The aim of the study was to design and manufacture a tissue-equivalent head phantom for use in verification of the dose in radiotherapy using a combination of traditional laboratory materials and techniques and 3-dimensional technology that can incorporate titanium maxillofacial devices...
February 25, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245957/secondary-bone-grafting-of-alveolar-clefts-a-review-of-outcome-at-two-centres-in-australia-and-the-uk
#12
R Kumar, A Heggie, J Shand, S Dominguez-Gonzalez, N Kilpatrick, J Shah
Secondary alveolar bone grafting is a key procedure in comprehensive cleft services, the main objective of which is to allow the canine to erupt through the bone. We have assessed the outcomes of the procedure at two units, one in Australia and one in the UK. Success was measured using standardised indexes for radiological assessment (Bergland and Kindelan) and clinically by noting eruption of canines through the grafted sites. The two-year review indicated that the two units had comparably high success rates...
February 25, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242303/comparison-of-non-invasive-radiographic-measurements-of-soft-tissue-in-the-interdental-space-a-cadaver-study
#13
Kristian Kniha, Stephan Christian Möhlhenrich, Florian Peters, Tsanko Yovev, Manuel Räsch, Andreas Prescher, Frank Hölzle, Ali Modabber
When we use implants the aesthetic appearance of the patient is dependent to a large extent on identification of factors that influence the presence of interdental papillae. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of different non-invasive measurements to indicate the top of the interdental papilla on dental radiographs. The sample comprised six fresh, partly edentulous cadavers. The distance from the level of the interproximal bone next to the tip of the papilla was measured (n=330) on standard radiographic images...
February 24, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238525/re-comparison-of-local-and-general-anaesthesia-for-arthrocentesis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#14
LETTER
A Ramasamy, B Madhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238524/development-of-a-database-to-record-orofacial-manifestations-in-patients-with-rare-diseases-a-status-report-from-the-romse-recording-of-orofacial-manifestations-in-people-with-rare-diseases-database
#15
M Hanisch, L Hanisch, K Benz, J Kleinheinz, J Jackowski
The aim of this working group was to establish a ROMSE (recording of orofacial manifestations in people with rare diseases) database to provide clinicians, patients, and their families with better information about these diseases. In 2011, we began to search the databases Orphanet, OMIM(®) (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(®)), and PubMed, for rare diseases with orofacial symptoms, and since 2013, the collected information has been incorporated into a web-based, freely accessible database. To date, 471 rare diseases with orofacial signs have been listed on ROMSE, and 10 main categories with 99 subcategories of signs such as different types of dental anomalies, changes in the oral mucosa, dysgnathia, and orofacial clefts, have been defined...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236489/endoscopically-assisted-extracapsular-dissection-of-pleomorphic-adenoma-of-the-parotid-gland-through-a-postauricular-sulcus-approach-in-young-patients
#16
W-L Chen, S Fan, D-M Zhang
We evaluated the aesthetic outcomes in 11 young patients (mean (range) age 21.7 (16-28) years) who had endoscopically assisted extracapsular dissection of benign pleomorphic adenomas of the parotid gland through a postauricular sulcus approach. The tumours varied in size from 1.5×1.0cm to 2.5×2.0cm, and all were removed completely without rupture. The cosmetic result was excellent in 10 patients and good in one. Patients were followed up for eight to 40 months, and there was no recurrence. The technique is simple and feasible, and it achieves excellent aesthetic results in young patients...
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233566/photographic-technique-for-the-quantitative-assessment-of-lagophthalmos-and-eyelid-position-in-patients-with-facial-palsy
#17
M Zago, F Tarabbia, L Bassetti, F Biglioli, C Sforza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238348/head-and-neck-surgery-tracheostomy-or-not
#18
LETTER
R Lewis, N Scott, M Fardy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222928/reconstruction-of-complex-mandibular-defects-using-integrated-dental-custom-made-titanium-implants
#19
A Rachmiel, D Shilo, O Blanc, O Emodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216308/craniofacial-implants-at-a-single-centre-2005-2015-retrospective-review-of-451-implants
#20
R Elledge, J Chaggar, N Knapp, T Martin, N White, D Evriviades, S Edmondson, S Parmar
Craniofacial endosseous implants are regularly used to support prostheses in the rehabilitation of complex defects, but reported success rates vary. To review our own clinical practice over 10 years, and particularly to examine the impact of radiotherapy and the timing of placement on the survival of implants, we retrospectively audited the records for all patients who had endosseous implants for prosthetic rehabilitation in our unit between 2005 and 2015. We reviewed 167 records, which gave 451 implants, of which, 222 (49%) were auricular, 98 (22%) nasal, and 131 (29%) orbital...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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