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British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919471/microvascular-coupling-devices-neglected-resource-with-a-short-learning-curve
#1
W R Thompson, A Burns, S Endersby, M Nugent
Microvascular couplers have a record of efficiency and efficacy. They have been used in anastomoses in the head and neck in Sunderland since November 2013, where we have investigated the time taken for anastomosis, patency, and cost. We also completed a national survey of the use of couplers in the United Kingdom, in which we recorded the time of anastomosis. The mean (range) time was 4minutes (2minutes 40seconds - 4minutes 10seconds). One flap partially failed. This shows that couplers can save time, they have successful outcomes, and the technique is quick and easy to learn...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919470/spontaneous-sublingual-haematoma-in-acquired-haemophilia-case-report
#2
T Spindler, N Mc Goldrick, J McMahon, R Campbell Tait
Acquired haemophilia is a rare disease in which bleeding is more severe than in hereditary haemophilia and usually occurs in the soft tissues, the gastrointestinal tract, or the mucous membranes. There have been only a few presentations of spontaneous sublingual haematoma in acquired haemophilia, but prompt management of the airway and identification of the underlying cause was crucial in all.
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914724/medical-students-understanding-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-an-irish-perspective
#3
P G C Kielty, B R O'Connor, C J Cotter, A M C Goodson, K F B Payne, A Tahim
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) remains an enigmatic specialty in Irish medicine and many students are unaware of its scope and the unique career pathway involved. We performed a multicentre cross-sectional study to identify their ability to identify the requirements for entry to specialty training year 3 (ST3) in OMFS, to assess their awareness of OMFS surgeons, and their general awareness of, and exposure to, the specialty. Data were collected through an electronic questionnaire. Participants were asked to select the most suitable surgical specialty to treat a number of common conditions in the head and neck, and to choose the requirements they deemed essential for specialist training...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913090/model-of-collaborative-care-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-patients-and-carers
#4
LETTER
D Choudhury-Peters, A Tahim, A Davies, N Bhatti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908460/influence-of-oral-hygiene-and-its-interaction-with-standard-of-education-on-the-risk-of-oral-cancer-in-women-who-neither-smoked-nor-drank-alcohol-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#5
F Chen, B-C He, L-J Yan, Y Qiu, L-S Lin, L Cai
We know of only limited data about the role of oral hygiene and the risk of oral cancer with different standards of education. The aim of this study was to assess the association between oral hygiene and risk of oral cancer, with stratification by standard of education, in Chinese women. We organised a case-control study with 250 women with oral cancer and 996 age-matched controls in Fujian, China. Data were collected by personal interview using a structured questionnaire. We used unconditional logistic regression with stratification by educational standard to estimate the odds ratios (OR) and 95% CI...
November 28, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903414/repeated-otalgia-at-mealtimes-osteochondroma-of-the-mandibular-condyle
#6
LETTER
Chan Il Song, Ju Wan Kang, Jeong Hong Kim, Se-Hyung Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903413/fenestration-of-auricular-cartilage-grafts-to-aid-healing-of-alar-wounds-by-secondary-intention
#7
A M Flynn, R B M Barry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894791/intraoperative-surgeon-view-high-definition-video-broadcasting-in-intraoral-surgery
#8
LETTER
R-M Baek, Y Myung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894790/venous-malformations-of-the-head-and-neck-current-concepts-in-management
#9
REVIEW
C Fowell, C Verea Linares, R Jones, H Nishikawa, A Monaghan
Low-flow venous malformations are congenital lesions and they are the third most common vascular anomaly in the head and neck. In this paper, the third in a series of three educational reviews, we discuss current trends in their management, and include a summary of common sclerosant agents used in their control.
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890447/non-iatrogenic-mandibular-pressure-sores
#10
LETTER
G Vithlani, N Somaia, K Shakib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876547/scheduling-terminology-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-are-we-speaking-a-universal-language
#11
T E Howe, I Varley, J E Allen, A Glossop, A McKechnie
Use of a universal vocabulary to assist with the scheduling of operations has been shown to considerably reduce delays and improve the use of theatre resources. Within the UK the National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD) has established a classification to assist with the triage of both emergency and non-emergency operating lists. We completed a survey to assess the uptake and understanding of this classification when scheduling maxillofacial operations. From a list of eight scheduling terms, respondents had to choose one each for 20 different clinical situations (that represented equally) immediate, urgent, expedited, and elective operations as defined by them...
November 19, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876546/occupational-exposure-to-bodily-fluids-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-an-evaluation-of-reporting-practices-and-attitudes-among-staff-at-a-major-teaching-hospital-in-the-uk
#12
P Leavy, I Siddique, R Mohammed-Ali
Our aim was to evaluate experience, practice, and beliefs about reporting of occupational exposures to blood and other body fluids among a sample of 88 healthcare providers working in oral and maxillofacial surgery at Sheffield Teaching Hospitals. We used a cross-sectional survey to evaluate awareness of the Trust's policy for reporting occupational exposure, recent incidence of exposure, and current reporting practices. Beliefs were measured using questions derived from the theory of planned behaviour. Fifty-five people responded, 14 of whom had been exposed to bodily fluids in the previous 12 months...
November 19, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876545/submental-island-flap-reconstruction-in-oral-cavity-cancer-patients-with-level-i-lymph-node-metastasis
#13
P Sittitrai, C Srivanitchapoom, D Reunmakkaew, K Yata
The submental island flap is useful as an alternative to microvascular free tissue transfer for the reconstruction of defects after resection of oral cancer because it is simple to harvest, reliable, and is associated with good oral function and low morbidity. However, because cancer of the oral cavity carries a risk of level I nodal metastases, the oncological safety of the flap remains controversial. Between April 2012 and September 2016, we studied patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity who underwent surgical resection with submental island flap reconstruction for viability of the flap, signs of recurrence, and complications...
November 19, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876544/follow-up-of-surgically-assisted-rapid-maxillary-expansion-after-6-5-years-skeletal-and-dental-effects
#14
J P de Gijt, A Gül, S T H Tjoa, E B Wolvius, K G H van der Wal, M J Koudstaal
Surgically-assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) is a technique used to widen the maxilla, and we present the results of our long-term follow up (6.5 years). Seventeen patients who had been treated with SARME and prospectively followed were invited for long-term follow up by dental casts and posteroanterior cephalograms. The following measurements were made on the dental casts: transverse distances at canine, premolar, and molar level, length of the arch, and width and depth of the palate at premolar and molar level...
November 19, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876162/predictive-factors-of-hospital-stay-in-patients-with-odontogenic-maxillofacial-infections-the-role-of-c-reactive-protein
#15
P Stathopoulos, D Igoumenakis, J Shuttleworth, W Smith, P Ameerally
To investigate whether clinical or laboratory variables on admission of patients with odontogenic infections are associated with a severe clinical course and a prolonged hospital stay, we hypothesised that specific factors such as the serum concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP) may act as predictors of the duration of stay. We designed a prospective patient-oriented study that included all those treated for maxillofacial infections of odontogenic origin in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Northampton General Hospital between November 2013 and December 2014...
November 18, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876161/intermaxillary-fixation-with-intraoral-plates-and-screws
#16
LETTER
M Mabongo, E N Nokaneng, P G Hira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866757/differential-diagnosis-of-igg4-related-sialadenitis-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-and-chronic-obstructive-submandibular-sialadenitis
#17
X Hong, W Li, X-Y Xie, Z-Y Zhang, Y Chen, Y Gao, X Peng, J-Z Su, Y-Y Zhang, Z Wang, Z-G Cai, L Zhang, Y-Y Liu, J He, L-M Ren, Z-G Li, G-Y Yu
Our aim was to differentiate IgG4-related sialadenitis, primary Sjögren syndrome, and chronic obstructive submandibular sialadenitis by analysing clinical, radiographic, and pathological features. Fifty-five patients, 50, and 50 were enrolled, respectively and their baseline characteristics and serological, sialographic, and pathological findings compared. The male:female ratio for IgG4-related sialadenitis was 1:1.2 for primary Sjögren syndrome 1:15.7, and for chronic obstructive submandibular sialadenitis1:0...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865537/metastases-in-the-cervical-spine-from-primary-head-and-neck-cancers-current-concepts-of-diagnosis-and-management
#18
S D Colbert, S Ramakrishna, J R Harvey, P A Brennan
Vertebral metastases from primary head and neck cancers are uncommon, and so there are no clear guidelines about management. The spinal cord can be compressed by a vertebral fracture or invasion of a tumour, and may present as an oncological and spinal emergency. The goals of treatment are to relieve pain and maintain neurological function. However, surgical treatments in this group of patients have not been defined, and primary operative treatment of spinal metastases remains controversial. Here we discuss their contemporary management...
November 16, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863800/rare-incidence-of-two-histologically-different-separate-tumours-in-the-right-parotid-gland
#19
LETTER
O Onafowokan, N Somaia, K Shakib, K Mitsimponas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863799/retrospective-analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-caries-in-the-distal-surface-of-mandibular-second-molars-in-british-military-personnel
#20
T Pepper, P Grimshaw, T Konarzewski, J Combes
Mandibular third molars are commonly removed because of distal caries in the adjacent tooth. To find out the prevalence of distal caries in mandibular second molars we retrospectively studied the primary care dental records of 720 British military personnel (653 men and 67 women) from various centres. These records are standardised and personnel are required to attend for inspection regularly. Those who had been under 20 years of age at enlistment, who had served for at least five years, and had five recorded dental inspections, were included...
November 15, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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