journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

British Journal of Ophthalmology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341695/cancer-associated-epiphora-a-retrospective-analysis-of-referrals-to-a-tertiary-oculoplastic-practice
#1
Sunah Kang, Ji Won Seo, Ho-Seok Sa
AIM: To report the underlying causes and treatment outcome of lacrimal drainage obstruction in patients with cancer-associated epiphora. METHODS: A single-centre retrospective review was performed for consecutive referrals to an oculoplastic surgeon for cancer-associated epiphora between 2010 and 2016. Charts were reviewed for underlying neoplastic conditions, pharmacy records, radiotherapy records, levels of obstruction of the lacrimal drainage apparatus and treatment methods and outcome...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336675/evolving-risk-factors-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-patterns-for-microbial-keratitis-at-a-large-county-hospital
#2
Haoxing Jin, Walter T Parker, Nathan W Law, Cameron L Clarke, Jordan D Gisseman, Stephen C Pflugfelder, Li Wang, Zaina N Al-Mohtaseb
Purpose: To identify the risk factors, causative organisms, antimicrobial susceptibility and outcomes of microbial keratitis in a large county hospital in Houston, Texas. Design: Case series. METHODS: Setting: A large county hospital in Houston, Texas. Study Population: Patients with known diagnosis of microbial keratitis from January 2011 to May 2015. Observation Procedure: Retrospective chart review. Main Outcomes: Epidemiology, risk factors, outcomes and antibiotic susceptibility of microbial keratitis...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336674/interchangeability-and-reliability-of-macular-perfusion-parameter-measurements-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#3
Jing Dong, Ya-Ding Jia, Qiang Wu, Suhua Zhang, Yali Jia, David Huang, Xiaogang Wang
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the interchangeability and reliability of macular perfusion measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional observational study. Healthy adult Chinese subjects were recruited. Macular perfusion parameters were automatically analysed by software included in a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography system. The vessel density (VD) of the whole, parafovea, superior-hemi, inferior-hemi, fovea, temporal, superior, nasal and inferior quadrants as well as the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and choroidal capillary VD (CCVD) were quantified...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320694/rectus-muscle-excyclorotation-and-v-pattern-strabismus-a-quantitative-appraisal-of-clinical-relevance-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#4
Linda R Dagi, Sarah MacKinnon, David Zurakowski, Sanjay P Prabhu
PURPOSE: V-pattern strabismus observed with syndromic craniosynostosis has been attributed to disparate causes. We compared severity of V pattern with degree of excyclorotation of rectus muscles to appraise significance of this proposed aetiology. METHODS: 43 patients with Apert, Crouzon or Pfeiffer syndrome referred to Boston Children's Hospital Department of Ophthalmology were identified. 28 met inclusion criteria for retrospective cohort study, specifically: (1) sensorimotor measurements in minimum of seven cardinal gazes, (2) quantified fundus torsion and (3) orbital CT imaging sufficient to measure rectus muscle cyclorotation in coronal and quasicoronal planes, posteriorly (near orbital apex) and anteriorly (near pulleys)...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315834/risk-factors-for-myopia-progression-in-second-grade-primary-school-children-in-taipei-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Chih-Chien Hsu, Nicole Huang, Pei-Yu Lin, Shao-You Fang, Der-Chong Tsai, Shing-Yi Chen, Ching-Yao Tsai, Lin-Chung Woung, Shih-Hwa Chiou, Catherine Jui-Ling Liu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the 1-year progression of myopia and associated risk factors in second-grade primary school children. METHODS: The myopia investigation study in Taipei provided semiannual visual acuity testing and cycloplegic refraction for all second-grade primary school children (mean age: 7.49 years) in Taipei who provided parental consent. A questionnaire was distributed to the participants' parents before the first and third examinations. We evaluated 1-year follow-up data for children noted to have myopia on the first examination...
March 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315833/predictive-factors-for-the-placebo-effect-in-clinical-trials-for-dry-eye-a-pooled-analysis-of-three-clinical-trials
#6
Takahiro Imanaka, Izumi Sato, Shiro Tanaka, Koji Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Placebo effect is one of the methodological difficulties in dry eye clinical trials. If we could elucidate the tendencies of the placebo response and find predictors, we could reduce the placebo response in clinical trials for dry eye. In this study, we investigated the predictive factors for the placebo effect in dry eye clinical trials. METHODS: A total of 205 patients with dry eye assigned to the placebo arms of three placebo-controlled randomised clinical trials were analysed by simple and multivariable regression analysis...
March 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314834/internal-limiting-membrane-peeling-or-not-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-idiopathic-macular-pucker-surgery
#7
Xiao-Ling Fang, Yao Tong, Ya-Li Zhou, Pei-Quan Zhao, Zhao-Yang Wang
PURPOSE: To determine whether internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling improves anatomical and functional outcomes in idiopathic macular pucker (IMP)/epiretinal membrane (ERM) surgery in this systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Cochrane, Ovid MEDLINE, ClinicalTrials.gov and CNKI databases for studies published before 15 September 2016. The eligibility criteria included studies comparing ILM peeling versus no-peeling for IMP surgery...
March 17, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314833/retinopathy-in-an-obesity-who-iii-cohort-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#8
Juri Mattern, Alexander Lammert, Mirko Otto, Hans-Peter Hammes
OBJECTIVE: To assess retinopathy and its risk factors in an obesity WHO III cohort. METHODS: In the Mannheim Obesity Study, 277 subjects with obesity WHO III aged 18-64 years were examined in a cross-sectional approach. Screening for retinopathy was performed using 3-field retinal photography. Endothelial function was assessed using arteriole-to-venule ratio and flicker light analysis. Subjects with and without retinopathy were analysed for anthropometry, metabolic, vascular and renal parameters...
March 17, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314832/features-of-the-choriocapillaris-in-myopic-maculopathy-identified-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#9
Kaori Sayanagi, Yasushi Ikuno, Sato Uematsu, Kohji Nishida
AIM: To describe the choriocapillaris features imaged by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in eyes with myopic maculopathy. METHODS: In this retrospective, non-invasive, observational case series, 26 eyes with myopic maculopathy and 12 age-matched healthy eyes underwent fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) (highly myopic eyes only), OCT and OCTA, and the choriocapillaris features seen on OCTA and ICGA were compared. RESULTS: In all five (19%) eyes with patchy atrophy of the 26 highly myopic eyes, OCTA showed complete loss of the choriocapillaris and large choroidal vessels in the atrophic area...
March 17, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314831/childhood-onset-leber-hereditary-optic-neuropathy
#10
Anna Majander, Richard Bowman, Joanna Poulton, Richard J Antcliff, M Ashwin Reddy, Michel Michaelides, Andrew R Webster, Patrick F Chinnery, Marcela Votruba, Anthony T Moore, Patrick Yu-Wai-Man
BACKGROUND: The onset of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is relatively rare in childhood. This study describes the clinical and molecular genetic features observed in this specific LHON subgroup. METHODS: Our retrospective study consisted of a UK paediatric LHON cohort of 27 patients and 69 additional cases identified from a systematic review of the literature. Patients were included if visual loss occurred at the age of 12 years or younger with a confirmed pathogenic mitochondrial DNA mutation: m...
March 17, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314830/why-birdshot-retinochoroiditis-should-rather-be-called-hla-a29-uveitis
#11
EDITORIAL
Carl P Herbort, Carlos Pavésio, Phuc LeHoang, Bahram Bodaghi, Christine Fardeau, Philippe Kestelyn, Piergiorgio Neri, Marina Papadia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302681/ultrasound-biomicroscopic-imaging-in-paediatric-ocular-toxocariasis
#12
Jinghua Liu, Songfeng Li, Guangda Deng, Wenli Yang, Wei Chen, Hai Lu
PURPOSE: To determine the potential and usefulness of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) as a diagnostic procedure on a larger cohort of paediatric patients with ocular toxocariasis. METHODS: UBM was performed on 41 eyes of 41 patients with ocular toxocariasis in order to determine configuration of peripheral retina, pars plana and vitreous. Location and range of peripheral pathology using ophthalmoscopy with scleral indentation, UBM and intraoperative confirmation were recorded and compared...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298316/paediatric-infectious-keratitis-a-case-series-of-107-children-presenting-to-a-tertiary-referral-centre
#13
Julia Dutra Rossetto, Kara M Cavuoto, Carla J Osigian, Ta Chen Peter Chang, Darlene Miller, Hilda Capo, Oriel Spierer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Corneal ulcers can result in severe visual impairment in children. The recent trends of paediatric microbial ulcerative keratitis in the USA are unknown. The purpose of this study is to report the risk factors, microbiological profile and treatment outcomes of paediatric microbial keratitis in South Florida. METHODS: A university-based tertiary eye care centre retrospective case series between 1992 and 2015. Medical records of 107 paediatric patients (age <18 years) with the diagnosis of microbial ulcerative keratitis were analysed...
March 15, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292778/small-incision-guarded-hydroaspiration-of-iris-lesions
#14
Arun D Singh
AIM: To describe the technique and results of a minimally invasive surgical technique for resection of small iris lesions. METHODS: Consecutive case series of 22 patients with localised, small iris lesions that were resected using the described surgical technique that composed of multiple, small corneal incisions created to allow for internal iris resection with 23-gauge horizontal vitrectomy scissors, followed by guarded tumour aspiration through a clear plastic tubing (diameter 3...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292777/trends-in-operating-room-based-glaucoma-procedures-in-france-from-2005-to-2014-a-nationwide-study
#15
Alain M Bron, Anne-Sophie Mariet, Eric Benzenine, Louis Arnould, Vincent Daien, Jean François Korobelnik, Catherine Quantin, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher
PURPOSE: To report the trends in operating room-based glaucoma procedures from 2005 to 2014 in France. METHODS: We identified operating room-based glaucoma procedures (trabeculectomies, deep sclerectomies, aqueous shunts and ciliary body destructions) performed in France from 2005 to 2014 by means of billing codes from a national database. The annual rates and incidence of these procedures per 100 000 inhabitants were analysed globally and in three age groups: 0-14 years, 15-59 years and over 60 years...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292776/comparison-of-corneal-endothelial-cell-density-and-morphology-after-posterior-chamber-phakic-intraocular-lens-implantation-with-and-without-a-central-hole
#16
Hiroyasu Goukon, Kazutaka Kamiya, Kimiya Shimizu, Akihito Igarashi
AIM: To compare the corneal endothelial cells after posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens with and without a central hole (hole implantable collamer lens (ICL) and conventional ICL) implantation for the correction of moderate to high myopia. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 34 eyes of 34 patients who underwent hole ICL implantation and 25 eyes of 25 patients who underwent conventional ICL implantation. Preoperatively and 3 months, and 1 and 2 years postoperatively, we compared the central corneal endothelial cell density (ECD), coefficient of variation in cell size (CV) and the percentage of hexagonal cells (HEX) between the two groups using a non-contact specular microscope (EM-3000, Tomey)...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292775/effectiveness-of-combined-macular-buckle-under-direct-vision-and-vitrectomy-with-ilm-peeling-in-refractory-macular-hole-retinal-detachment-with-extreme-high-axial-myopia-a-24-month-comparative-study
#17
Jin Ma, Honghui Li, Xiaohu Ding, Silvia Tanumiharjo, Lin Lu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of a combined macular buckle under direct vision and 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling in refractory macular hole retinal detachment (MHRD) with extreme high axial myopia. DESIGN: Prospective, randomised controlled study. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 98 eyes of 98 patients of MHRD with extreme high axial (>30 mm) myopia. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly assigned to undergo PPV with ILM peeling (group 1, n=52) or PPV with ILM peeling combined with macular buckle under direct vision (group 2, n=46)...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292774/a-nationwide-cohort-study-of-cigarette-smoking-and-risk-of-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-east-asian-men
#18
Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Ching-Yu Cheng, Dong Wook Kim, Sung Soo Kim, Tien Y Wong
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have evaluated the relationship between cigarette smoking and risk of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) among Asian populations. This study aimed to prospectively evaluate the association between cigarette smoking and risk of neovascular AMD among Korean men. METHODS: Men between the ages of 45 and 79 years included in the Korea National Health Insurance Service database from 2002 through 2013. We compared hazard ratios (HR) for neovascular AMD between 64 560 past/current and 64 560 never smokers by 1:1 propensity-matched analysis and 85 267 past/current and 72 347 never smokers by unmatched cohort and propensity-adjusted analysis...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292773/the-malaysian-cataract-surgery-registry-risk-indicators-for-posterior-capsular-rupture
#19
Mohamad Aziz Salowi, Fiona L M Chew, Tassha Hilda Adnan, Mariam Ismail, Pik-Pin Goh
AIM: To identify the risk indicators for posterior capsular rupture (PCR) in the Malaysian Cataract Surgery Registry (CSR). METHODS: Data from the web-based CSR were collected for cataract surgery performed from 2008 to 2013. Data was contributed by 36 Malaysian Ministry of Health public hospitals. Information on patient's age, ethnicity, cause of cataract, ocular and systemic comorbidity, type of cataract surgery performed, local anaesthesia and surgeon's status was noted...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292772/availability-and-variability-in-guidelines-on-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-in-asian-countries
#20
Louis Zizhao Wang, Carol Y Cheung, Robyn J Tapp, Haslina Hamzah, Gavin Tan, Daniel Ting, Ecosse Lamoureux, Tien Yin Wong
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a blinding yet treatable complication of diabetes. DR screening is highly cost-effective at reducing blindness. Amidst the rapidly growing diabetic population in Asia, the prevalence of DR in the region is relatively less well known. AIMS: To review existing national DR screening guidelines of 50 countries in Asia, compare them against the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) guideline, and summarise the prevalence rates of DR and sight-threatening DR (STDR) in these countries...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
journal
journal
20058
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"