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British Journal of Anaesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039260/in-the-january-bja-%C3%A2
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039259/associate-editorial-board
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039258/general-information
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039257/basic-anesthesiology-examination-review-g-w-williams-and-e-s-williams
#4
K O Pryor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039256/preparing-to-pass-the-frca-c-whymark
#5
A Taylor, G McLeod
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039255/strong-ion-and-weak-acid-analysis-in-severe-preeclampsia
#6
LETTER
V Moen, M Rundgren, L Irestedt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039254/reply
#7
LETTER
J-H Bahk, J-H Seo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039253/pre-warming-the-double-lumen-endobronchial-tubes-to-facilitate-intubation-in-incubator
#8
LETTER
Q Ren, Y Shao, W Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039252/reply
#9
LETTER
J-H Bahk, J-H Seo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039251/assessing-influence-of-thermal-softened-double-lumen-endobronchial-tube-on-postoperative-airway-injury-and-morbidity-a-call-for-methodology-clarification
#10
LETTER
Fu-Shan Xue, C Sun, G P Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039250/assessment-of-scoring-systems-to-describe-the-position-of-tracheostomy-tubes-within-the-airway-the-lunar-study
#11
B A McGrath, K Lynch, R Templeton, K Webster, W Simpson, P Alexander, M O Columb
BACKGROUND: Malposition of tracheostomy tubes is difficult to detect at the bedside and may contribute to eventual device misplacement. Endoscopic examination can be undertaken via tracheoscopic (T-view) or trans-laryngeal (L-view) approach, offering more precise detail regarding positioning within the airway. The aims of this study were to evaluate inter-rater agreement between bespoke T and L view scoring systems and subsequently whether T-views could predict L-views. METHODS: Adult intensive care unit patients with percutaneous or surgical tracheostomies were included and paired T and L-views of their tracheostomy tube within the airway were taken on up to four occasions...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039249/intensive-care-utilization-and-outcomes-after-high-risk-surgery-in-scotland-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
M A Gillies, E M Harrison, R M Pearse, S Garrioch, C Haddow, L Smyth, R Parks, T S Walsh, N I Lone
BACKGROUND: The optimal perioperative use of intensive care unit (ICU) resources is not yet defined. We sought to determine the effect of ICU admission on perioperative (30 day) and long-term mortality. METHODS: This was an observational study of all surgical patients in Scotland during 2005-7 followed up until 2012. Patient, operative, and care process factors were extracted. The primary outcome was perioperative mortality; secondary outcomes were 1 and 4 yr mortality...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039248/effect-of-anaesthesia-type-on-postoperative-mortality-and-morbidities-a-matched-analysis-of-the-nsqip-database
#13
N N Saied, M A Helwani, L M Weavind, Y Shi, M S Shotwell, P P Pandharipande
BACKGROUND: The anaesthetic technique may influence clinical outcomes, but inherent confounding and small effect sizes makes this challenging to study. We hypothesized that regional anaesthesia (RA) is associated with higher survival and fewer postoperative organ dysfunctions when compared with general anaesthesia (GA). METHODS: We matched surgical procedures and type of anaesthesia using the US National Surgical Quality Improvement database, in which 264,421 received GA and 64,119 received RA...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039247/using-predicted-30%C3%A2-day-mortality-to-plan-postoperative-colorectal-surgery-care-a-cohort-study
#14
M Swart, J B Carlisle, J Goddard
BACKGROUND: Preoperative identification of high-risk surgical patients might help to reduce postoperative morbidity and mortality. Using a patient's predicted 30 day mortality to plan postoperative high-dependency unit (HDU) care after elective colorectal surgery might be associated with reduced postoperative morbidity. METHODS: The 30 day postoperative mortality was predicted for 504 elective colorectal surgical patients in a preoperative clinic. The prediction was used to determine postoperative surgical ward or HDU care...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039246/safety-of-sedation-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-in-a-group-of-university-affiliated-hospitals-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
K Leslie, M L Allen, E C Hessian, P J Peyton, J Kasza, A Courtney, P A Dhar, J Briedis, S Lee, A R Beeton, D Sayakkarage, S Palanivel, J K Taylor, A J Haughton, C X O'Kane
BACKGROUND: Service models for gastrointestinal endoscopy sedation must be safe, as endoscopy is the most common procedure performed under sedation in many countries. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to determine the patient risk profile, and incidence of and risk factors for significant unplanned events, in adult patients presenting for gastrointestinal endoscopy in a group of university-affiliated hospitals where most sedation is managed by anaesthetists. METHODS: Patients aged ≥18 yr presenting for elective and emergency gastrointestinal endoscopy under anaesthetist-managed sedation at nine hospitals affiliated with the University of Melbourne, Australia, were included...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039245/chewing-gum-for-the-treatment-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
J N Darvall, M Handscombe, K Leslie
BACKGROUND: A novel treatment, chewing gum, may be non-inferior to ondansetron in inhibiting postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in female patients after laparoscopic or breast surgery. In this pilot study, we tested the feasibility of a large randomized controlled trial. METHODS: We randomized 94 female patients undergoing laparoscopic or breast surgery to ondansetron 4 mg i.v. or chewing gum if PONV was experienced in the postanaesthesia care unit (PACU)...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039244/ultrasound-assessment-of-gastric-volume-in-severely-obese-individuals-a-validation-study
#17
R Kruisselbrink, C Arzola, T Jackson, A Okrainec, V Chan, A Perlas
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care gastric ultrasound is an emerging tool to assess gastric content and volume at the bedside. The examination includes both a qualitative and a quantitative component. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of an existing model for predicting gastric volume in severely obese subjects (BMI >35 kg m(-2)). METHODS: This observer-blinded experimental study compared the gastric volume predicted based on a sonographically measured cross-sectional area of the gastric antrum with the gastric volume measured by suctioning under gastroscopic guidance in a cohort of severely obese subjects...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039243/electrical-impedance-tomography-for-non-invasive-assessment-of-stroke-volume-variation-in-health-and-experimental-lung-injury
#18
C J C Trepte, C Phillips, J Solà, A Adler, B Saugel, S Haas, S H Bohm, D A Reuter
BACKGROUND: Functional imaging by thoracic electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive approach to continuously assess central stroke volume variation (SVV) for guiding fluid therapy. The early available data were from healthy lungs without injury-related changes in thoracic impedance as a potentially influencing factor. The aim of this study was to evaluate SVV measured by EIT (SVVEIT) against SVV from pulse contour analysis (SVVPC) in an experimental animal model of acute lung injury at different lung volumes...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039242/non-invasive-assessment-of-fluid-responsiveness-using-cnap%C3%A2-technology-is-interchangeable-with-invasive-arterial-measurements-during-major-open-abdominal-surgery
#19
J Renner, M Gruenewald, M Hill, L Mangelsdorff, H Aselmann, C Ilies, M Steinfath, O Broch
BACKGROUND: Dynamic variables of fluid responsiveness (FR), such as pulse pressure variation (PPV), have been shown to predict the response to a fluid challenge accurately. A recently introduced non-invasive technology based on the volume-clamp method (CNAP™) offers the ability to measure PPV continuously (PPVCNAP). However, the accuracy regarding the prediction of FR in the operating room has to be proved. METHODS: We compared PPVCNAP with an invasive approach measuring PPV using the PiCCO technology (PPVPiCCO)...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039241/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-interactions-in-anaesthesia-a-review-of-current-knowledge-and-how-it-can-be-used-to-optimize-anaesthetic-drug-administration
#20
J P van den Berg, H E M Vereecke, J H Proost, D J Eleveld, J K G Wietasch, A R Absalom, M M R F Struys
This review describes the basics of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic drug interactions and methodological points of particular interest when designing drug interaction studies. It also provides an overview of the available literature concerning interactions, with emphasis on graphic representation of interactions using isoboles and response surface models. It gives examples on how to transform this knowledge into clinically and educationally applicable (bedside) tools.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
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