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Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Jane J Yu, Cindy H P Sit, Angus F Burnett
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics and effectiveness of motor skill interventions in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and to identify potential moderators of training effects using meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in six databases (CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library, Embase, Eric, PsycInfo, and PubMed) for papers published between 1995 and August 2017 using search items which were grouped in three components (motor skill interventions, DCD, and age group of interest)...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Daniel L Riddle
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of a one- to two-year postsurgical pain-free state and pain plus symptom-free state as well as function restoration following knee arthroplasty (KA). A second purpose was to identify predictors of these outcomes. DESIGN: An inception cohort from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) dataset, a nine-year NIH funded cohort study of persons with or at high risk for knee osteoarthritis was studied. SETTING: Subjects were recruited from the communities of four sites in the Midwest, Eastern and Southeastern United States...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Courtney Frengopoulos, Michael Wc Payne, Jeffrey Holmes, Ricardo Viana, Susan W Hunter
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relative and absolute reliability of a dual-task functional mobility assessment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic Rehabilitation Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty individuals with lower extremity amputation (LEA) attending an outpatient amputee clinic (age= 58.21±12.59; 80.0% male). Subjects were stratified into three groups: 1) transtibial amputations of vascular etiology (TTA-vas), transtibial amputations of non-vascular etiology (TTA-nonvas); transfemoral or bilateral amputees (TFA/bilat) of any etiology...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Erkut N Kucukboyaci, Coralynn Long, Michelle Smith, Joseph F Rath, Tamara Bushnik
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complex relationship between various social indicators that contribute to socioeconomic status and healthcare barriers. DESIGN: Cluster analysis of historical patient data obtained from inpatient visits. SETTING: Setting: Inpatient rehabilitation unit in a large, urban university hospital PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients receiving acute inpatient care, predominantly for closed head injury. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We examined the membership of TBI patients in various "vulnerable group" (VG) clusters (e...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Joshua W Cohen, Tanya D Ivanova, Brenda Brouwer, Kimberly J Miller, Dianne Bryant, S Jayne Garland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which physical performance measures of strength, balance and mobility taken at discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation can predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and community reintegration after 6 months. DESIGN: Longitudinal Study SETTING: University Laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five adults recruited within one month following discharge home from inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Inclusion criteria were: major unilateral hemispheric stroke, English speaking, able to communicate, discharged home...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Brittany N Hand, James S Krause, Kit N Simpson
OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to: 1) compare the opioid utilization patterns in opioid users with spinal cord injury (SCI) to a propensity score matched general population of opioid users without SCI and 2) identify characteristics of persons with SCI associated with long-term and/or high-dose use of opioids. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental analysis of archival data SETTING: Data used for the analysis were derived from Thompson Reuters MarketScan® Commercial Claims and Encounters Databases for the years 2012-2013...
January 4, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Chih-Ying Li, Amol Karmarkar, Deepak Adhikari, Kenneth Ottenbacher, Yong-Fang Kuo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of age and sex on 30-, 60- and 90-day hospital readmission after acute hospital discharge for individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Acute hospitals and post-acute discharge settings PARTICIPANTS: From the 2013 Nationwide Readmissions Database, we retrieved information on 52,877 individuals with diagnosis-related group codes of TBI. We included only those alive at index acute discharge and excluded those discharged with same-day readmission...
January 4, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Tomasz Wolny, Paweł Linek
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of neurodynamic techniques used as the sole therapeutic component compared with "sham" therapy in the treatment of mild and moderatecarpal tunnel syndromes (CTS). DESIGN: Single blinded, randomized placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Several medical clinics in the south of Poland. PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer sample of 150 patients diagnosed with CTS. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Symptom severity (SSS) and Functional status (FSS) of Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ)...
January 4, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Lillie Greiman, S Parker Fleming, Bryce Ward, Andrew Myers, Craig Ravesloot
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship between perceived exertion while bathing/dressing/grooming and associations with social -recreational activities outside the home for individuals with mobility impairment (MI). DESIGN: We use a two-study approach examining data from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) and primary data from the Health and Home Survey (HHS). We explore the relationship between bathing/dressing/grooming and engagement in social-recreational activities and the role that exertion in the bathroom may play in participation in these activities...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
R Lee Kirby, Paula W Rushton, Francois Routhier, Louise Demers, Laura Titus, Jan Miller-Polgar, Cher Smith, Mike McAllister, Chris Theriault, Kara Matheson, Kim Parker, Bonita Sawatzky, Delphine Labbé, William C Miller
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to test the hypothesis that caregivers enhance the wheelchair skills capacity and confidence of the power wheelchair users to whom they provide assistance and to describe the nature of that assistance. DESIGN: Multi-center cross-sectional study. SETTING: Rehabilitation centers and communities. PARTICIPANTS: We studied 152 participants - 76 caregivers and 76 wheelchair users...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Jean-Sébastien Bourseul, Anais Molina, Mael Lintanf, Laetitia Houx, Emmanuelle Chaléat-Valayer, Christelle Pons, Sylvain Brochard
OBJECTIVE: To report current evidence regarding the safety of intramuscular BTI in children with orthopaedic- and neurological-related musculoskeletal disorders under the age of 2 years. DATA SOURCE: PUBMED, The Cochrane Library, and Science Direct, Google Scholar and Web of Science. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently selected studies based on predetermined inclusion criteria. DATA EXTRACTION: Data relating to the aim were extracted...
December 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Catherine Quatman-Yates, Anna Bailes, Sara Constand, Mary Claire Sroka, Katharine Nissen, Brad Kurowski, Jason Hugentobler
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the literature to identify and summarize strategies for evaluating responses to physical exertion after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) for clinical and research purposes. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and EBSCOHost through December 31, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Two independent reviewers selected studies based on the following criteria: 1) inclusion of participants with mTBI/concussion, 2) use of a measurement of physiological or psychosomatic response to exertion, 3) a repeatable description of the exertion protocol was provided, 4) a sample of at least 10 participants with a mean age between 8-65 years, and 5) the article was in English...
December 22, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Alexander T Peebles, Adam P Bruetsch, Sharon G Lynch, Jessie M Huisinga
OBJECTIVES: To compare physiological impairments between persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) with a history of falls and persons with MS without a history of falls and to investigate the association between physiological impairments and dynamic balance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-five persons with MS (27 recurrent fallers and 28 non-fallers). Participants were classified as fallers if they self-reported 2 or more falls in the previous six months...
December 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Laura Coots Daras, Melvin J Ingber, Anne Deutsch, Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Jennifer Perloff
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether there are differences in inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs') all-cause, 30-day post-discharge hospital readmission rates by organizational characteristics and geographic regions. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed Medicare claims and administrative data sources for Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries discharged from all IRFs nationally (N=1,166) in 2013 and 2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: We applied specifications for an existing quality measure adopted by CMS for public reporting that assesses all-cause unplanned hospital readmissions for 30 days post-discharge from inpatient rehabilitation...
December 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kuan-Yi Li, Yu-Pei Hsiao, Rou-Shayn Chen, Ching-Yi Wu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the kinematic and myographic effects of weighted wrist cuffs on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) during a reaching task. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Biomechanics research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 19 individuals with PD and 20 healthy age-matched controls. INTERVENTIONS: The participants were instructed to reach and grasp a can at a distance of 80% of their arm length without a wrist cuff, while wearing separate 0...
December 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Cailbhe Doherty, Chris Bleakley, Jay Hertel, Brian Caulfield, John Ryan, Eamonn Delahunt
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a battery of clinical assessments for acute lateral ankle sprain (LAS) can be used to predict long-term recovery. DESIGN: Cohort study SETTING: University biomechanics laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two individuals were assessed using a clinical test battery within two-weeks of incurring a first-time LAS. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The clinical test battery included scores on the 'talar-glide' (deg), anterior-drawer, talar-tilt, figure-of-eight [figure8] for swelling (mm), knee-to-wall (mm) and hand-held goniometric range-of-motion [inversion; eversion; plantar-flexion (in degrees)]...
December 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
S A Wiechman, K McMullen, G J Carrougher, J A Fauerbach, C Ryan, D N Herndon, R Holavanahalli, N S Gibran, K Roaten
OBJECTIVE: To identify important sources of distress among burn survivors at discharge and at 6, 12 and 24 months post injury, and to examine if the distress related to these sources changed over time. DESIGN: Exploratory. SETTING: Outpatient burn clinics in 4 sites across the country. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1009 participants who met pre-stablished criteria for having a major burn injury were enrolled in this multisite study...
December 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Harald Ekedahl, Bo Jönsson, Mårten Annertz, Richard B Frobell
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the accuracy of three commonly used neurodynamic tests (Slump test, Straight leg raise test [SLR] and femoral neurodynamic test) and two clinical assessments to determine radiculopathy (I, one neurological sign; II, two neurological signs corresponding to one specific nerve root) in detecting MRI findings (extrusion, subarticular nerve root compression and foraminal nerve root compression). DESIGN: Validity study. SETTING: Secondary care...
December 15, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Huacong Wen, Yuying Chen, Yin He, C Scott Bickel, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Allen W Heinemann
OBJECTIVE: To investigate racial differences in body mass index (BMI) change over 5 years among people with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Multicenter longitudinal study SETTING: 11 SCI Model Systems centers in the United States PARTICIPANTS: 437 individuals (313 non-Hispanic white, 81 non-Hispanic black and 43 Hispanic), who incurred a SCI 1974 to 2010 and completed 2 follow-up assessments within 5 years between October 2006 and September 2015. Of these 335 men and 102 women, the average age was 41 years (range: 18-78 years), and duration of injury was 9 years (range: 1-35 years) at the start of the 5-year follow-up...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Shelby Baez, Matthew C Hoch, Johanna M Hoch
OBJECTIVE: To systematically locate, critically appraise, and synthesize the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) and psychoeducation that can be implemented by rehabilitation specialists to treat fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with acute, sub-acute, and chronic low back pain. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases (CINAHL, PUBMED, PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR SCIENCES COLLECTION, SPORTDISCUS, and PSYCH INFO) were searched from inception to September 2017...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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