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Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138051/sarcopenia-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-prevalence-and-impact-on-functional-status
#1
Odessa Addison, Steven J Prior, Rishi Kundi, Monica C Serra, Leslie I Katzel, Andrew W Gardner, Alice S Ryan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of sarcopenia in older men with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and to compare to a subset of the group to age, race, sex, and body mass index (BMI)-matched non-PAD control counterparts. We also sought to compare the functional status of those with PAD with and without sarcopenia. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: A Veterans Affairs medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Sedentary, community dwelling men age 50+ years with a confirmed diagnosis of PAD (N=108; 44% black; BMI 27...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138050/a-systematic-review-on-the-effect-of-serious-games-and-wearable-technology-used-in-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-traumatic-bone-and-soft-tissue-injuries
#2
REVIEW
Henriëtte A W Meijer, Maurits Graafland, J Carel Goslings, Marlies P Schijven
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects on functional outcomes and treatment adherence of wearable technology and serious games (i.e., interactive computer applications with specific purposes useful in the 'real world') currently applied in physical rehabilitation of patients after traumatic bone and soft tissue injuries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and CINAHL were searched without publication date restrictions for the terms 'wearable', 'serious game', 'videogame' or 'mobile application', and 'rehabilitation', 'exercise therapy' or 'physiotherapy'...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138049/pain-neurophysiology-education-and-therapeutic-exercise-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Bodes Pardo Gema, Lluch Girbés Enrique, Roussel Nathalie A, Gallego Izquierdo Tomás, Jiménez Penick Virginia, Pecos Martín Daniel
AIM: To assess the effect of a pain neurophysiology education program plus therapeutic exercise for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Private clinic (Clínica Bonn) and Alcalá de Henares University, Madrid, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 56 patients with CLBP for 6 months or more. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to receive either a therapeutic exercise (TE) program consisting of motor control, stretching, and aerobic exercises (TE group, n=28) or the same therapeutic exercise program in addition to a pain neurophysiology education program (PNE+TE group, n=28), conducted in two 30 to 50 minute sessions in groups of 4 to 6 participants...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128344/validity-of-combining-history-elements-and-physical-examination-tests-to-diagnose-patellofemoral-pain
#4
Simon Décary, Pierre Frémont, Bruno Pelletier, Michel Fallaha, Belzile Sylvain, Johanne Martel-Pelletier, Pelletier Jean-Pierre, Debbie Feldman, Sylvestre Marie-Pierre, Pascal-André Vendittoli, François Desmeules
OBJECTIVE: to assess the validity of diagnostic clusters combining history elements and physical examination tests to diagnose or exclude patellofemoral pain (PFP). DESIGN: prospective diagnostic study. SETTINGS: orthopaedic outpatients clinics (n=2), family medicine clinics (n=2) and community-dwelling. PARTICIPANTS: consecutive patients (n=279) consulting one of the participating orthopaedic surgeons (n=3) or sport medicine physicians (n=2) for any knee complaint...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122581/physical-activity-based-interventions-using-electronic-feedback-may-be-ineffective-for-reducing-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Crystian B Oliveira, Márcia R Franco, Chris G Maher, Paulo H Ferreira, Priscila K Morelhão, Tatiana M Damato, Cynthia Gobbi, Rafael Z Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of physical activity-based interventions using electronic feedback to reduce pain and disability compared to minimal or no interventions in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis DATA SOURCES: The following electronic databases were searched: EMBASE, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and main clinical trial registers...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122580/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-brachial-assessment-tool-part-1-reproducibility
#6
Bridget Hill Grad, Gavin Williams, John Olver, Scott Ferris, Andrea Bialocerkowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate reproducibility (reliability and agreement) of the Brachial Assessment Tool (BrAT) a new patient-reported outcome measure for adults with traumatic Brachial Plexus Injury (BPI) DESIGN: Prospective repeated measure design SETTING: Outpatient clinics PARTICIPANTS: Adults with confirmed traumatic BPI INTERVENTION: 43 people (age range 19-82) with BPI completed the 31-item 4-response BrAT twice, 2 weeks apart. Results for the 3 subscales and summed score were compared at time 1 and time 2 to determine reliability including systematic differences using paired t tests; test retest using Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC 1,1) and internal consistency using Cronbach alpha...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108967/impact-of-rehabilitation-intensity-on-mortality-risk-after-stroke
#7
Cheng-Yang Hsieh, Hsiu-Chen Huang, Darren Philbert Wu, Chung-Yi Li, Meng-Jun Chiu, Sheng-Feng Sung
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between rehabilitation intensity and post-stroke mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Nationwide claims data. PARTICIPANTS: From Taiwan's National Health Insurance claims databases, a total of 6737 patients (mean age 66.9 years; 40.3% women) hospitalized between 2001 and 2013 for a first-ever stroke who had mild to moderate stroke and survived the first 90 days of stroke were enrolled...
November 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108966/dual-task-of-fine-motor-skill-and-problem-solving-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#8
Y Goverover, B M Sandroff, J DeLuca
OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare dual-task performance in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and healthy controls (HC) using mathematical problem-solving questions that included an everyday competence component while performing an upper extremity fine motor task. Additionally, it examined whether difficulties in dual-task performance are associated with problems in performing an everyday internet task. DESIGN: Pilot study, mixed-design with both a within and between subjects' factor PARTICIPANTS: and Setting: Participants included 19 persons with MS and 19 HC who were recruited from a nonprofit rehabilitation research institution and from the community...
November 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102438/prediction-of-falls-in-subjects-suffering-from-parkinson-s-disease-multiple-sclerosis-and-stroke
#9
Ettore Beghi, Elisa Gervasoni, Elisabetta Pupillo, Elisa Bianchi, Angelo Montesano, Irene Aprile, Michela Agostini, Marco Rovaris, Davide Cattaneo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of falls and fall predictors in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS) and stroke using the same study design. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective cohort study. SETTING: Three [masked] institutions for physical therapy and rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with PD, MS and stroke seen for rehabilitation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Functional scales were applied to investigate balance, disability, daily performance, self-confidence with balance, and social integration...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100967/incidence-of-overuse-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-military-service-members-with-traumatic-lower-limb-amputation
#10
Shawn Farrokhi, Brittney Mazzone, Susan Eskridge, Kaeley Shannon, Owen T Hill
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of overuse musculoskeletal injuries in service members with combat-related lower limb amputation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Military treatment facilities. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 791 service members with deployment-related lower limb injury: 496 with a major lower limb amputation and 295 with a mild lower limb injury. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097180/student-veterans-reintegrating-from-the-military-to-the-university-with-traumatic-injuries-how-does-service-use-relate-to-health-status
#11
Christine A Elnitsky, Cara Blevins, Jan Warren Findlow, Tabitha Alverio, Dennis Wiese
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of campus services on the health of veterans with traumatic injuries and comorbidities as they return from military service and enter college. DESIGN: Cross-sectional internet survey using a mixed-methods analysis approach. SETTING: A four-year urban research university in the southeastern United States. PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a survey of 127 veterans returning from active military duty...
October 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097179/long-term-social-reintegration-outcomes-for-burn-survivors-with-and-without-peer-support-attendance-a-life-impact-burn-recovery-evaluation-libre-study
#12
Brian Grieve, Gabriel D Shapiro, Lucy Wibbenmeyer, Amy Acton, Austin Lee, Molly Marino, Alan Jette, Jeffrey C Schneider, Lewis E Kazis, Colleen M Ryan
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in long-term social reintegration outcomes for burn survivors with and without peer support attendence. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Community-dwelling burn survivors. PARTICIPANTS: Burn survivors (N = 601) aged ≥18 years with injuries to ≥5% total body surface area or burns to critical areas (hands, feet, face, or genitals). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
October 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111171/hip-symptoms-physical-performance-and-health-status-in-older-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-preliminary-investigation
#13
Gregory E Hicks, J Megan Sions, Teonette O Velasco
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to determine: a) if there are differences in the prevalence of clinical hip symptoms between older adults with and without CLBP; and b) whether co-existing hip symptoms are associated with worse physical performance and poorer health-related quality of life (HRQOL). DESIGN: Case-control study SETTING: Individuals participated in a standardized evaluation in a clinical laboratory. PATIENT SAMPLE: Clinical hip symptoms, which are proposed predictors of radiographic hip osteoarthritis according to American College of Rheumatology guidelines, were evaluated in a volunteer sample of 54 community-dwelling older adults, aged 60-85, with CLBP and 54 age- and sex-matched healthy controls...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107042/measuring-participation-after-stroke-in-africa-development-of-the-participation-measurement-scale
#14
Oyéné Kossi, Félix Nindorera, Charles Sèbiyo Batcho, Thierry Adoukonou, Massimo Penta, Jean-Louis Thonnard
OBJECTIVE: To develop a valid stroke-specific tool for the measurement of participation in Africa, named the Participation Measurement Scale (PM-Scale). DESIGN: Observational study and questionnaire development. SETTING: Outpatient Rehabilitation centers. PARTICIPANTS: Stroke patients (N = 276); mean age ± standard deviation of 58.5 ± 11.1 years; 57% male. INTERVENTION: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants completed a 100-item experimental questionnaire of the PM-Scale...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107041/lateral-corticospinal-tract-damage-correlates-with-motor-output-in-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Andrew C Smith, Kenneth A Weber, Denise R O'Dell, Todd B Parrish, Marie Wasielewski, James M Elliott
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between spinal cord damage and specific motor function in participants with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). DESIGN: single-blinded cross-sectional study design SETTING: University setting research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen individuals with chronic cervical iSCI (1 female and 13 males, average age = 43 ± 12 years old). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Axial T2 MRI of spinal cord damage was performed in 14 participants with iSCI...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107040/longitudinal-recovery-and-reduced-costs-after-120-sessions-of-locomotor-training-for-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Sarah A Morrison, Douglas Lorenz, Carol P Eskay, Gail F Forrest, D Michele Basso
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of long term, body weight supported locomotor training (BWSLT) after chronic, incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Also, health care costs were estimated related to lost recovery potential and preventable secondary complications that may have occurred due to visit limits imposed by insurers. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort with longitudinal follow up. SETTING: Eight outpatient rehabilitation centers that participate in the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation NeuroRecovery Network® (NRN)...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107039/perceived-participation-and-its-correlates-among-first-stroke-survivors-at-six-months-after-discharge-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china
#17
Xuemei Chen, Yanan He, Xianmei Meng, Chenchen Gao, Zhihui Liu, Lanshu Zhou
OBJECTIVES: To describe perceived participation of first-stroke survivors in mainland China, and to determine variables that may correlate with perceived participation six months after discharge. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Neurology department of a tertiary hospital in Shanghai, China, with subsequent follow-up of patients in their homes. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and thirty-six first-stroke survivors who had been treated in the neurology department and discharged six months prior to their participation in our study...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107038/routine-urine-testing-at-the-spinal-cord-injury-annual-evaluation-leads-to-unnecessary-antibiotic-use-a-pilot-study-and-future-directions
#18
Felicia Skelton, Larissa Grigoryan, Sally Ann Holmes, Ivy Oiyee Poon, Barbara Trautner
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of ASB in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) at the time of their annual examination, and examine the impact on urine testing during the annual examination on subsequent antibiotic use. DESIGN: retrospective cohort study SETTING: a major Veterans Health Administration SCI center PARTICIPANTS: Veterans with SCI seen for an outpatient annual evaluation in 2012 or 2013 (n=393) MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: antibiotic use for bacteriuria within seven days of the annual evaluation encounter RESULTS: Of the 327 clinic visits that met inclusion criteria, of which 249 had a urine culture performed...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056502/factors-associated-with-post-stroke-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Shamala Thilarajah, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Kelly J Bower, Dawn Tan, Pua Yong Hao, Gavin Williams, Gerald Koh, Ross A Clark
OBJECTIVE: To integrate the literature investigating factors associated with post-stroke physical activity. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted from database inception to June 2016 across nine databases: Cochrane, Medline, ProQuest, Web of Science ISI, PsycInfo, Scopus, Embase, CINAHL and AMED. The reference lists of included articles were screened for secondary literature. STUDY SELECTION: Cohort and cross-sectional studies were included if they recruited community-dwelling stroke survivors and measured factors associated with physical activity...
October 19, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050789/satisfaction-with-life-over-time-in-people-with-burn-injury-a-national-institute-on-disability-independent-living-and-rehabilitation-research-burn-model-system-study
#20
Dagmar Amtmann, Fraser D Bocell, Kara McMullen, Alyssa M Bamer, Kurt L Johnson, Shelley Wiechman, Jeffrey C Schneider
OBJECTIVES: To examine trajectories of satisfaction with life (SWL) of burn survivors over time and their clinical, demographic and other predictors. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey. SETTING: N/A. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals 18 and over who underwent burn-related surgery and met one of the following criteria: (1) > 10% total burn surface area (TBSA) burn and ≥ 65 years of age; (2) > 20% TBSA burn and 18 to 64 years of age; (3) electrical high voltage/lightning injury; or (4) burn injury to the hands, face, or feet...
October 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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