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Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777714/efficiency-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-transcutaneous-nerve-stimulation-on-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Meimei Zhou, Fang Li, Weibo Lu, Junfa Wu, Song Pei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS) on hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP). DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: A total of 184 HSP patients, aged 18-80 years, were recruited in the Rehabilitation Hospital from February 2014 to July 2016. The Ethics approval was obtained from the Institutional Review Board of the Hospital...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777713/development-and-psychometric-validation-of-capacity-assessment-of-prosthetic-performance-for-the-upper-limb-cappful
#2
Nathan T Kearns, Jennifer K Peterson, Lisa Smurr Walters, Warren T Jackson, John M Miguelez, Tiffany Ryan
OBJECTIVES: (1) Develop a performance-based measure for adult upper limb (UL) prosthetic functioning through broad (i.e. overall performance) and functional domain-specific (e.g., control skills) assessment of commonplace activities; (2) conduct initial psychometric evaluation of the Capacity Assessment of Prosthetic Performance for the Upper Limb (CAPPFUL). DESIGN: Internal consistency of CAPPFUL and interrater reliability for task, functional domain, and full scale (sub)scores among three independent raters were estimated...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753734/which-neuromuscular-attributes-are-associated-with-changes-in-mobility-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-symptomatic-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#3
Catherine T Schmidt, Rachel E Ward, Pradeep Suri, Dan K Kiely, Richard Goldstein, Ni Pensheng, Dennis E Anderson, Jonathan F Bean
OBJECTIVES: To identify neuromuscular attributes associated with mobility and changes in mobility over two years of follow-up among patients with and without SLSS. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults >65 years with self-reported mobility limitations. SLSS was determined using self-reported symptoms of neurogenic claudication and imaging-detected lumbar spinal stenosis...
May 10, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752911/validation-of-the-work-disability-physical-function-assessment-battery
#4
Christine M McDonough, Pengsheng Ni, Kara Peterik, Judith D Hershberg, Lesli R Bell, Leighton Chan, Diane E Brandt, Alan M Jette
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of the self-report Work-Disability Functional Assessment Battery (WD-FAB) physical function scales relative to clinician ratings of function and a performance-based functional capacity evaluation: the Physical Work Performance Evaluation (PWPE). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (n=50) participating in physical therapy for musculoskeletal conditions INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752910/describing-functioning-in-people-living-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-switzerland-a-graphical-modelling-approach
#5
Cristina Ehrmann, Birgit Prodinger, Hans Peter Gmünder, Kerstin Hug, Jerome E Bickenbach, Gerold Stucki
OBJECTIVE: To describe functioning in people living with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Switzerland. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional survey data. SETTING: Community, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals (N=1549) who were 16 years or older with a history of traumatic or non-traumatic SCI and have a permanent residence in Switzerland. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Functioning was operationalized through four domains: impairments in body functions (measured with the SCI Secondary Conditions Scale); mental functions (Mental Health sub-scale of the SF-36); independence in performing activities (SCI Independence Measure Self-Report); performance problems in participation (Utrecht Scale for Evaluation Rehabilitation-Participation)...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752909/systematic-review-of-caregiver-and-dyad-interventions-following-adult-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
REVIEW
Natalie Kreitzer, Brad G Kurowski, Tamilyn Bakas
OBJECTIVE: To describe and synthesize the existing literature of published adult TBI family caregiver and dyad intervention studies. Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are common and have a significant long-term impact, with some characterizing TBI as a chronic condition. Informal family caregivers of adults with TBI suffer from high rates of burnout, depression, fatigue, anxiety, lower subjective well-being, and poorer levels of physical health compared to non-caregivers. There is a critical gap in the understanding of interventions designed to address the impact of TBI on adult patients and their family caregivers...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752908/implementation-of-pre-scheduled-follow-ups-with-education-improve-post-stroke-depression-screening-compliance-in-routine-clinical-practice
#7
Anu Berg, Maija Hujala, Pirkko Kari, Tero Tapiola
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which the mood of stroke patients is assessed and what kind of assessment methods are used in routine clinical practice, and whether pre-scheduled follow-ups with education provided to health care professionals can improve the detection of depression. DESIGN: Before-after trial with an 18-month follow-up and a review of medical records. SETTING: Acute-care hospital and community. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive acute stroke patients from a health care district with a population of 132 000 during the first half of 2010 and, after the implementation of the follow-up system, during the first half of 2012 were screened for the study...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752907/effectiveness-of-the-pilates-method-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-mechanical-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Luciana de Araujo Cazotti, Anamaria Jones, Diego Roger-Silva, Luiza Helena Coutinho Ribeiro, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of the Pilates method on pain, function, quality of life, and consumption of pain medication in patients with mechanical neck pain. DESIGN: The design was a randomized controlled trial, with a blinded assessor and intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: The study took place in the outpatient clinic of the rheumatology department, referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-four patients with chronic mechanical neck pain were randomly allocated into 2 groups: the Pilates group (PG) and control group (CG)...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750901/-go-home-sit-less-the-impact-of-home-versus-hospital-rehabilitation-environment-on-activity-levels-of-stroke-survivors
#9
Dawn B Simpson, Monique Breslin, Toby Cumming, Sam de Zoete, Seana L Gall, Matthew Schmidt, Coralie English, Michele L Callisaya
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether change in rehabilitation environment (hospital or home) and other factors, influence time spent sitting, upright and walking after stroke. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Two inpatient rehabilitation units, and community residences following discharge. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four participants with stroke were recruited. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: An activity monitor was worn continuously for 7 days during the final week in hospital, and first week home...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750900/robot-guided-neuronavigated-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-in-central-neuropathic-pain-an-update-of-long-term-follow-up
#10
Charles Quesada, Benjamin Pommier, Camille Fauchon, Claire Bradley, Christelle Créac'h, François Vassal, Roland Peyron
OBJECTIVE: To confirm and extend previous results involving repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) aimed at alleviating refractory central neuropathic pain(CNP). To evaluate pain relief in detail and to assess ongoing benefits after one year of treatment. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital. Outpatient settings. PARTICIPANTS: 80 patients with chronic central pain after brain or spinal cord injuries...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746823/behavior-change-intervention-targeting-physical-function-walking-and-disability-after-dysvascular-amputation-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#11
Cory L Christiansen, Matthew J Miller, Amanda M Murray, Ryan O Stephenson, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley, William R Hiatt, Margaret L Schenkman
OBJECTIVE: To determine preliminary efficacy of a home-based behavior-change intervention designed to promote exercise, walking activity, and disease self-management. DESIGN: A single-blind, randomized controlled pilot trial. SETTING: One Veteran's Administration (VA) and two regional medical centers. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight participants randomized to behavior-change intervention (INT; n=19) or attention control (CTL; n=19) group...
May 7, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738745/efficacy-of-exercise-interventions-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Reginald Heywood, Alexandra L McCarthy, Tina L Skinner
OBJECTIVE: To critically analyse the literature surrounding the efficacy of exercise interventions in patients with advanced cancer. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was undertaken of health and medical electronic databases (PubMED, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PEDRO, Web of Science and Scopus) until 1st March 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if they were published in the English language and met the following criteria: structured exercise as the primary intervention, ≥80% study participants diagnosed with advanced cancer that is unlikely to be cured; reported outcomes concerning physical function, quality of life, fatigue, body composition, psychosocial function, sleep quality pain and/or survival...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738744/a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-mindful-exercises-on-rehabilitative-outcomes-among-post-stroke-patients
#13
REVIEW
Liye Zou, Jeffer Eidi Sasaki, Nan Zeng, Chaoyi Wang, Li Sun
OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate the rehabilitative effects of mindful exercises for post-stroke patients. DATA SOURCES: Six databases (PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang, and CNKI) and reference lists of relevant articles were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of mindful exercises on rehabilitative outcomes such as sensorimotor function, gait speed, leg strength, aerobic endurance, cognitive function, and overall motor function)...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738743/effects-of-physical-exercise-interventions-on-dual-task-gait-speed-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Prudence Plummer, Gozde Iyigun
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the treatment effects of exercise and/or gait training interventions on dual-task walking in people with stroke. The secondary objective was to conduct subgroup analyses to compare the treatment effects of interventions involving dual-task training to those without any dual-task training. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of the literature was conducted in 6 databases (PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PEDro) up to July 18, 2017...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730319/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-safety-feasibility-and-effect-of-exercise-in-women-with-stage-ii-breast-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Ben Singh, Rosalind R Spence, Megan L Steele, Carolina X Sandler, Jonathan M Peake, Sandra C Hayes
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the safety, feasibility and effect of exercise among women with stage II+ breast cancer. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, Cochrane, Ebscohost, MEDLINE, Pubmed, ProQuest Health and Medical Complete, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, Science Direct and SPORTDiscus were searched for articles published prior to March 1, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised, controlled, exercise trials involving at least 50% of women diagnosed with stage II+ breast cancer were included...
May 3, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729228/the-impact-of-stigma-on-community-reintegration-of-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-the-well-being-of-their-caregivers
#16
Sean M Phelan, Lauren R Bangerter, Greta Friedemann-Sanchez, Kandace A Lackore, Megan A Morris, Courtney H Van Houtven, Kathleen F Carlson, Michelle van Ryn, Kristin J Harden, Joan M Griffin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between perceived stigma and discrimination and caregiver strain, caregiver well-being, and patient community reintegration. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey study of 564 informal caregivers of Veterans of US wars in Iraq and Afghanistan who experienced traumatic brain injuries or polytrauma (TBI/PT). SETTING: Care settings of community dwelling former inpatients of any US Veterans Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715437/a-factor-analysis-of-functional-independence-and-functional-assessment-measure-scores-among-focal-and-diffuse-brain-injury-patients-the-importance-of-bi-factor-models
#17
Sarah Gunn, Gerald H Burgess, John Maltby
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factor structure of the UK Functional Independence Measure and Functional Assessment Measure (FIM+FAM) among focal and diffuse acquired brain injury patients. DESIGN: Criterion standard. SETTING: An NHS acute acquired brain injury inpatient rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Referred sample of 447 adults (835 cases after exclusions) admitted for inpatient treatment following an acquired brain injury significant enough to justify intensive inpatient neurorehabilitation...
April 28, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709525/tracking-changes-in-participation-with-participation-measurement-scale-in-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-in-africa
#18
Oyéné Kossi, Jean-Louis Thonnard
OBJECTIVE: To investigate responsiveness of the Participation Measurement Scale (PM-Scale) for the measurement of participation in stroke survivors. DESIGN: A six-month observational study with three evaluation time points. Responsiveness of the PM-Scale was investigated over the six months. SETTING: Rehabilitation centers. PARTICIPANTS: Stroke survivors (N = 64); mean age ± standard deviation of 56.9 ± 12.6 years; sex, 45 (70%) males...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709524/evidence-of-generalized-muscle-stiffness-in-the-presence-of-latent-trigger-points-within-infraspinatus
#19
Patrick J Grabowski, Laura C Slane, Darryl G Thelen, Travis Obermire, Kenneth S Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate stiffness of infraspinatus muscle tissue, both with and without latent trigger points, using ultrasound shear wave elastography. The primary hypothesis is that muscle with a latent trigger point will demonstrate a discrete region of increased shear wave speed. The secondary hypothesis is that shear wave speeds in the region with the trigger point will be higher in patients compared with controls, and will be similar between the two groups in the uninvolved regions...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709523/knee-arthroplasty-patients-predicted-versus-actual-recovery-what-are-their-expectations-about-time-of-recovery-following-surgery-and-how-long-before-they-can-do-the-tasks-they-want-to-do
#20
Karen L Barker, Erin Hannink, Sam Pemberton, Cathy Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: (1) To determine evidence-based guidance for the length of time to return to specific valued functional and leisure activities following knee arthroplasty (KA). (2) To determine what patients feel are the most important functional or leisure activities to recover after KA. (3) To collect information about patients' expectations and compare them to the actual time it takes to return. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort observational survey SETTING: Specialist orthopaedic hospital PARTICIPANTS: 99 patients with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis (mean= 69...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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