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Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527644/conceptual-structure-of-health-related-quality-of-life-for-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-tbi-qol
#1
Mark Sherer, Julia Maria Paul Poritz, David Tulsky, Pamela Kisala, Luis Leon-Novelo, Esther Ngan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factor structure of the Traumatic Brain Injury - Quality of Life (TBI-QOL) measurement system. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: 3 TBI Model Systems rehabilitation centers in the US PARTICIPANTS: and Methods: 20 TBI-QOL item banks were administered to a sample of 504 community-dwelling adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as part of a study of TBI classification. A subsample of n=200 participants was randomly selected for exploratory factor analyses (EFA), while data from the remaining 304 participants were used for the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)...
May 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526483/effects-of-air-stacking-maneuver-on-cough-peak-flow-and-chest-wall-compartmental-volumes-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-subjects
#2
Antonio Sarmento, Vanessa Regiane Resqueti, Mario Emílio Teixeira Dourado-Júnior, Lailane Saturnino, Andrea Aliverti, Guilherme Augusto de Freitas Fregonezi, Armele de Fátima Dornelas de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: To assess the acute effects of air stacking on cough peak flow (CPF) and chest wall compartmental volumes of persons with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) versus healthy controls positioned at 45° body inclination. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with a matched-pair design. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve persons with ALS and twelve age-matched healthy. MAIN OUTCOMES: CPF, chest wall compartmental inspiratory capacity (ICCW), vital capacity (VCCW), tidal volume (VTCW) and operational volumes, breathing pattern and percentage of contribution of the compartments to the inspired volume were measured by optoelectronic plethysmography...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526482/reducing-trunk-compensation-in-stroke-survivors-a-randomized-crossover-trial-comparing-visual-vs-force-feedback-modalities
#3
Bulmaro Adolfo Valdés, Andrea Nicole Schneider, Hendrik Fridolijn Machiel Van der Loos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the compensatory trunk movements of stroke survivors observed during reaching tasks can be decreased by force and visual feedback, and examine whether one of these feedback modalities is more efficacious than the other in reducing this compensatory tendency. DESIGN: Randomized Crossover Trial SETTING: University research laboratory PARTICIPANTS: 15 community dwelling older adults: 5 female, 64 ± 11 years old, with hemiplegia from non-traumatic hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke (> 3 months post-stroke), recruited from stroke recovery groups, the research group's website and the community...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526481/randomised-control-trial-of-the-impact-of-a-brief-tele-support-intervention-on-initial-attendance-at-physiotherapy-group-sessions-for-pelvic-floor-problems
#4
Lisa A Osborne, C Mair Whittall, Ruth Emanuel, Simon Emery, Phil Reed
OBJECTIVE: To assesses the efficacy of a brief telephone call to patients on a waiting list for physiotherapy treatment for pelvic floor dysfunction on initial attendance. DESIGN: A three-armed randomized control study. SETTING: An outpatient physiotherapy clinic at a hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 130 consecutively referred women patients (mean age of 51.47, range = 26-84) with a variety of pelvic floor dysfunction problems...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506776/mindfulness-is-associated-with-treatment-response-from-non-pharmacological-exercise-interventions-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Augustine C Lee, William F Harvey, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Jeffrey B Driban, John B Wong, Mei Chung, Timothy E McAlindon, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between baseline mindfulness and response from exercise interventions in knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Cohort Study; Responder analysis of a clinical trial subset SETTING: Urban tertiary care academic hospital PARTICIPANTS: 86 participants with symptomatic, radiographic knee OA (mean age, 60 years; 74% female; 48% white) INTERVENTIONS: 12 weeks (twice per week) of Tai Chi or Physical Therapy exercise MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Treatment response was defined using Osteoarthritis Research Society International criteria indicating meaningful improvements in the Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain, function, or Patient Global Assessment scores...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506775/supervised-or-unsupervised-rehabilitation-after-total-hip-replacement-provides-similar-improvements-for-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Corinne Coulter, Diana M Perriman, Teresa M Neeman, Paul N Smith, Jennifer M Scarvell
OBJECTIVE: To determine do patients do better with unsupervised home PT or in an outpatient setting Are the outcomes after a supervised (centre-based) and an independent (home-based) physical rehabilitation program delivered in the early post-discharge phase (<8weeks) equivalent in an adult THR population. SETTING: Acute care public hospital in the region, supporting a population of almost 540,000. DESIGN: Single blinded randomised controlled trial...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499856/measuring-soldier-performance-during-the-patrol-exertion-multitask-preliminary-validation-of-a-post-concussive-functional-return-to-duty-metric
#7
Matthew Scherer, Margaret M Weightman, Mary Vining Radomski, Laurel Smith, Marsha Finkelstein, Amy Cecchini, Kristin Jensen Heaton, Karen McCulloch
OBJECTIVE: To assess the discriminant validity of the Patrol-Exertion Multitask (PEMT), a novel, multi-domain, functional return-to-duty clinical assessment for Active Duty military personnel. DESIGN: Measurement development study SETTING: Non-clinical indoor testing facility, Fort Bragg NC PARTICIPANTS: 51 healthy control (HC) Service Members and 33 military personnel with persistent post-concussive symptoms receiving rehabilitation (mTBI) INTERVENTION: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Known-groups discriminant validity was evaluated by comparing performance on the PEMT in two groups of Active Duty SM, HC and personnel with mTBI residual symptoms...
May 9, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499657/electrically-assisted-movement-therapy-in-chronic-stroke-patients-with-severe-upper-limb-paresis-a-pilot-single-blind-randomized-crossover-study
#8
Stefano Carda, Andrea Biasiucci, Andrea Maesani, Silvio Ionta, Julien Moncharmont, Stephanie Clarke, Micah M Murray, José Del R Millán
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of electrically assisted movement therapy (EAMT) in which patients use functional electrical stimulation, modulated by a custom device controlled through the patient's unaffected hand, to produce or assist task-specific upper limb movements, which enables them to engage in intensive goal-oriented training. DESIGN: Randomized, crossover, assessor-blinded, 5-week trial with follow-up at 18 weeks. SETTING: Rehabilitation university hospital...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483657/immediate-effects-of-mirror-therapy-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain-and-decreased-range-of-motion
#9
Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura, Dave Reese, Paula Parker, Terra Miller, Paul Mintken
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a brief single component of the graded motor imagery (GMI) sequence (mirror therapy) on active range of motion (AROM), pain, fear-avoidance and pain catastrophization in patients with shoulder pain. DESIGN: Single-blind case series SETTING: Three outpatient physical therapy clinics PARTICIPANTS: Patients with shoulder pain and limited AROM. INTERVENTIONS: Patients moved their unaffected shoulder through comfortable AROM in front of a mirror so that it appeared that they were moving their affected shoulder...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483656/two-year-gender-differences-in-satisfaction-with-appearance-after-burn-injury-and-prediction-of-five-year-depression-a-latent-growth-curve-approach
#10
Nour Al Ghriwati, Megan Sutter, Bradford S Pierce, Paul B Perrin, Shelley A Wiechman, Jeffrey C Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To use latent growth curve and longitudinal structural equation modeling to examine the two-year trajectory of satisfaction with appearance in adults with burn injury and that trajectory's effect on depression five years after burn injury. DESIGN: Data were collected at discharge after burn injury hospitalization, six months, one year, two years, and five years post-discharge. SETTING: The Burn Model System (BMS) program consisted of a data center and five participating burn centers...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483655/visual-utilization-during-postural-control-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-reconstructed-patients-systematic-reviews-meta-analyses
#11
REVIEW
Erik A Wikstrom, Kyeongtak Song, Brian G Pietrosimone, J Troy Blackburn, Darin A Padua
OBJECTIVE: To determine if anterior cruciate ligament deficient (ACL-D) individuals and individuals with a reconstructed anterior cruciate ligament (ACL-R) rely more heavily on visual information to maintain postural control. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from their earliest available date to May 24, 2016 using the combination of key words. STUDY SELECTION: Articles were included if they reported any instrumented static single leg balance outcome in both a patient and control sample...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483654/validity-of-robot-based-assessments-of-upper-extremity-function
#12
Alison McKenzie, Lucy Dodakian, Jill See, Vu Le, Erin Burke Quinlan, Claire Bridgford, Daniel Head, Vy L Han, Steven C Cramer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of 5 robot-based assessments of arm motor function post-stroke. DESIGN: Cross sectional. SETTING: Outpatient clinical research center. PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer sample of 40 participants, age >18 years, 3-6 months post-stroke, with arm motor deficits that had plateaued. INTERVENTION: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical standards included the Fugl-Meyer Arm Motor Scale (FMA), and 5 secondary motor outcomes: hand/wrist subsection of the FMA; Action Research Arm Test (ART); Box & Blocks test (B/B); hand subscale of Stroke Impact Scale-2 (SIS); and the Barthel Index (BI)...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483653/mental-health-does-not-moderate-compensatory-cognitive-training-efficacy-for-veterans-with-a-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Kathleen F Pagulayan, Maya O'Neil, Rhonda M Williams, Aaron P Turner, Shahrokh Golshan, Mai S Roost, Benjamin Laman-Maharg, Marilyn Huckans, Daniel Storzbach, Elizabeth W Twamley
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential moderating effects of mental health symptoms on the efficacy of Compensatory Cognitive Training (CCT) for Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF)/Operation New Dawn (OND) Veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of CCT. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and substance dependence symptom severity were examined as potential moderators of CCT efficacy for subjective cognitive complaints, use of cognitive strategies, and objective neurocognitive performance...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483652/associations-between-traumatic-brain-injury-history-and-future-headache-severity-in-veterans-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Pradeep Suri, Kelly Stolzmann, Katherine M Iverson, Rhonda Williams, Mark Meterko, Kun Yan, Katelyn Gormley, Terri K Pogoda
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether traumatic brain injury (TBI) history is associated with worse headache severity outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) outpatient clinics. PARTICIPANTS: 2566 Veterans who completed a mail follow-up survey an average of 3 years after a comprehensive TBI evaluation (CTBIE). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The presence or absence of TBI, and TBI severity, were evaluated by a trained clinician and classified according to VA/Department of Defense clinical practice guidelines...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478128/association-between-two-measures-of-cognitive-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-their-relationship-to-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-persons-with-stroke
#15
Joan Toglia, Gulce Askin, Linda M Gerber, Michael C Taub, Andrea R Mastrogiovanni, Michael W O'Dell
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between a computer adaptive functional cognitive questionnaire and a performance-based measure of cognitive instrumental activities of daily living of daily living (C-IADL). We also sought to determine whether the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) at admission can identify those with C-IADL difficulties at discharge. DESIGN: Prospective Cohort Study SETTING: Acute inpatient rehabilitation unit of an academic medical center...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478127/characteristics-of-firearm-brain-injury-survivors-in-the-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems-tbims-national-database-a-comparison-of-assault-and-self-inflicted-injury-survivors
#16
Hilary Bertisch, Jason Krellman, Thomas Bergquist, Laura E Dreer, Valerie Ellois, Tamara Bushnik
OBJECTIVE: To characterize and compare subgroups of survivors with assault-related versus self-inflicted traumatic brain injuries (TBI) via firearms at time of inpatient rehabilitation, 1, 2, and 5 year follow-up. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Database (TBIMS NDB), a multicenter longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Retrospective analyses of a subset of individuals enrolled in the TBIMS NDB...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465225/association-of-pectoralis-minor-muscle-extensibility-shoulder-mobility-and-duration-of-manual-wheelchair-use
#17
Margaret Finley, David Ebaugh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship of pectoralis minor muscle (PMm) length and extensibility to shoulder pain, shoulder girdle motion, and duration of manual wheelchair (MWC) use and compare differences in muscle length, muscle extensibility, peak humeral elevation and pain among groups based on duration of wheelchair use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study; SETTING: Laboratory setting PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two individuals with SCI who used a MWC for daily community and home mobility (18 males, mean age 41...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465224/shoe-orthotics-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jerrilyn A Cambron, Jennifer M Dexheimer, Manuel Duarte, Sally Freels
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of shoe orthotics with and without chiropractic treatment for chronic low back pain as compared to no treatment. DESIGN: Randomized Controlled Trial SETTING: An integrative medicine teaching clinic at a Midwestern university. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred and twenty-five adult subjects with symptomatic low back pain of 3 months or longer were recruited from a volunteer sample. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomized into one of three treatment groups (Orthotics, Plus, and Wait-list Groups)...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465223/the-maximum-tolerated-dose-of-walking-for-community-dwelling-people-recovering-from-hip-fracture-a-dose-response-trial
#19
Casey Peiris, Nora Shields, Michael Kingsley, Jack Yeung, Raphael Hau, Nicholas Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To determine how much moderate-intensity physical activity, in the form of walking, could be prescribed for people living in the community after hip fracture in terms of safety, tolerability and feasibility. DESIGN: Phase I dose-response design. SETTING: Participants were recruited from two public community rehabilitation centres in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults (n=21, 16 women, mean age ± SD, 75 ± 9 years) who were cognitively alert, attending community rehabilitation after a hip fracture (mean ± SD days post fracture, 110 ± 47 days), able to walk with or without a gait aid and for whom it was safe to participate in physical activity...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465222/impacts-of-muscle-strength-and-balance-control-on-sit-to-walk-and-turn-durations-in-the-timed-up-and-go-test
#20
Tzurei Betty Chen, Li-Shan Chou
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of muscle strength and balance control with the amount of time taken to perform sit-to-walk (STW) or turning components of Timed Up and Go test (TUG) in elderly adults DESIGN: Correlations; multiple regression models. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty elderly adults over the age of 70 years recruited from the community. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Muscle strength, balance control and TUG performance time...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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