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Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932265/ottawa-panel-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-structured-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#1
REVIEW
Sabrina Cavallo, Lucie Brosseau, Karine Toupin-April, George A Wells, Christine A M Smith, Arlanna G Pugh, Jennifer Stinson, Roanne Thomas, Sara Ahmed, Ciarán M Duffy, Prinon Rahman, Inmaculada C Àlvarez-Gallardo, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Annette Majnemer, Isabelle J Gagnon, Désirée Maltais, Marie-Ève Mathieu, Glen P Kenny, Susan Tupper, Kristi Whitney-Mahoney, Sarah Bigford
OBJECTIVE: To create guidelines focused on the use of structured physical activity (PA) in the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted using the electronic databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) for all studies related to PA programs for JIA from January 1966 until December 2014, and was updated in May 2015...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914921/polydeoxyribonucleotide-injection-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-supraspinatus-tendinopathy-a-case-controlled-retrospective-comparative-study-of-6-month-follow-up
#2
Young Chun Yoon, Doo-Hyung Lee, Michael Young Lee, Seung-Hyun Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) injection for rotator cuff disease (RCD). DESIGN: Case-controlled, retrospective, comparative study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic at university-affiliated tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 106 patients with chronic non-traumatic refractory RCD who were unresponsive to at least 1 month of conservative treatment; 55 patients received PDRN injection (PDRN group) and 51 continued conservative treatment (control group)...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914920/can-lowering-the-guidance-force-of-robot-assisted-gait-training-induce-a-sufficient-metabolic-demand-in-subacute-dependent-ambulatory-stroke-patients
#3
So Young Lee, Eun Young Han, Bo Ryun Kim, Min Ho Chun, Yong Ki Lee
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of guidance force (GF) and gait speed (GS) on cardiorespiratory responses and energy cost in subacute dependent ambulatory stroke patients. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: University rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Ten subacute stroke patients (mean age: 64.50±19.20), who were dependent ambulators (functional ambulation category [FAC] ≤2). INTERVENTIONS: Patients participated in cardiorespiratory tests during robot-assisted gait training...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894732/tele-assessment-of-the-berg-balance-scale-effects-of-transmission-characteristics
#4
Kavita Venkataraman, Michelle Morgan, Kristopher A Amis, Lawrence R Landerman, Gerald Ch Koh, Kevin Caves, Helen Hoenig
OBJECTIVE: To compare Berg Balance Scale (BBS) rating using videos with differing transmission characteristics against direct in-person rating DESIGN: Repeated measures study for assessment of BBS in eight configurations - in person, high definition video with slow motion review, standard videos with varying bandwidths and frame rates [768 kilobytes per second (kbps) videos at 8,15 and 30 frames per second (fps), 30 fps videos at 128, 384 and 768 kbps] SETTING: Durham VA Medical Center PARTICIPANTS: 45 patients with limitations in one or more of fine motor coordination, gross motor coordination, gait and balance...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894731/content-and-evaluation-of-the-benefits-of-effective-exercise-for-older-adults-with-knee-pain-trial-physiotherapist-training-programme
#5
Melanie A Holden, Rebecca Whittle, Emma L Healey, Susan Hill, Ricky Mullis, Edward Roddy, Gail Sowden, Stephanie Tooth, Nadine E Foster
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether participating in the BEEP trial training programme (ISRCTN93634563) increased physiotherapists' self-confidence, and changed their intended clinical behaviour, regarding exercise for knee pain in older adults. DESIGN: Before/after training programme evaluation. Physiotherapists were asked to complete a questionnaire before the BEEP trial training programme, immediately afterwards, and 12-18 months later (post-intervention delivery in the BEEP trial)...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894730/living-with-chronic-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Eva Widerström-Noga, Kimberly D Anderson, Salomé Perez, Judith P Hunter, Alberto Martinez-Arizala, James P Adcock, Maydelis Escalona
OBJECTIVE: To identify the relative importance of positive (facilitators) and negative (barriers) contributors to living with chronic pain after spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Mixed-methods: (1) Qualitative: Individual semi-structured, open-ended interviews identifying facilitator/barrier themes; (2) Quantitative: Converting the most common themes into statements and quantifying agreement with these in an online survey to determine relative importance, underlying dimensions and their associations with perceived difficulty in dealing with pain...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866992/comorbidities-that-cause-pain-and-the-contributors-to-pain-in-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Yi-Wen Chen, Pat G Camp, Harvey O Coxson, Jeremy D Road, Jordan A Guenette, Michael A Hunt, W Darlene Reid
OBJECTIVE: To determine comorbidities that cause pain and the potential contributors to pain in individuals with COPD. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional survey study. SETTING: Pulmonary rehabilitation programs of six centers. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of individuals with COPD who attended pulmonary rehabilitation programs (n=137). In total, 100 (73%) returned the survey packages. Of those responders, 96 (70%) participants were included in the analyses...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865846/effectiveness-of-an-educational-physiotherapy-and-therapeutical-exercise-program-in-adult-patients-with-hemophilia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Rubén Cuesta-Barriuso, Ana Torres-Ortuño, Joaquín Nieto-Munuera, José Antonio López-Pina
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of an educational physiotherapy home exercise intervention on physical improvement, pain perception, quality of life and illness behavior in patients with hemophilic arthropathy. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized study. SETTING: Home PARTICIPANTS: 20 patients with hemophilia were randomly allocated to an educational intervention group or to a control group. INTERVENTION: The educational intervention was performed every two weeks over a 15-week period and home exercises were carried out once a day, 6 days a week, over the same period...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865845/temporal-spatial-and-metabolic-measures-of-walking-in-highly-functional-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputations
#9
Hannah L Jarvis, Alex N Bennett, Martin Twiste, Rhodri D Phillip, John Etherington, Richard Baker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this descriptive exploratory study is to record the temporal spatial parameters and metabolic energy expenditure during walking of individuals with amputation, walking with advanced prostheses and following completion of comprehensive rehabilitation, to able-bodied controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional SETTING: Multi-disciplinary comprehensive rehabilitation centre PARTICIPANTS: Thirty severely injured United Kingdom military personnel with amputation and subsequent completion of their rehabilitation programme (10 unilateral trans-tibial, 10 unilateral trans-femoral, and 10 bilateral trans-femoral) were compared to (and of similar age, height and mass (p >0...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847195/augmented-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-stroke-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Joyce A Kootker, Sascha Mc Rasquin, Frederik C Lem, Caroline M van Heugten, Luciano Fasotti, Alexander C Geurts
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of individually tailored cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for reducing depressive symptoms with or without anxiety post stroke. DESIGN: Multi-center, assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Six ambulatory rehabilitation settings in The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who had a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale - subscale Depression (HADS-D) score > 7 at least three months post stroke...
November 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845030/capsule-preserving-hydrodilatation-with-corticosteroid-versus-corticosteroid-injection-alone-in-refractory-adhesive-capsulitis-of-shoulder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Doo-Hyung Lee, Seung-Hyun Yoon, Michael Young Lee, Kyu-Sung Kwack, Ueon Woo Rah
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether capsule-preserved hydrodilatation with corticosteroid (CPHC) improves pain and function in patients with refractory adhesive capsulitis (AC) better than intra-articular corticosteroid injection (IACI) alone. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Primary AC subjects (N=64) with shoulder pain level of visual analogue scale (VAS) ≥ 5 even after the initial administration of IACI alone...
November 11, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840133/role-of-hip-abductor-muscle-composition-and-torque-in-protective-stepping-for-lateral-balance-recovery-in-older-adults
#12
Odessa Addison, Mario Inacio, Woei-Nan Bair, Brock A Beamer, Alice S Ryan, Mark W Rogers
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine differences in hip abductor (ABD) strength and composition between older adults who primarily use medial vs cross-step recovery strategies to lateral balance perturbations. DESIGN: Cross-Sectional SETTING: University Research Laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Forty community dwelling older adults divided into medial steppers (N=14) and cross-steppers (N=26) based on first step of balance recovery after a lateral balance perturbation...
November 10, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840132/quality-of-life-and-psychosocial-wellbeing-in-youth-with-neuromuscular-disorders-who-are-wheelchair-users-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Vivienne Travlos, Shane Patman, Andrew Wilson, Gail Simcock, Jenny Downs
OBJECTIVE: To investigate quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial wellbeing in youth with Neuromuscular Disorders (NMD) who are wheelchair users. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, CINAHL and PsycINFO (January 2004 to April 2016) and reference lists of retrieved full-text papers. STUDY SELECTION: Peer-reviewed studies were included when data describing self-reported QoL and psychosocial wellbeing could be separately understood for those using wheelchairs and aged 12-22 years old...
November 10, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840131/determinants-of-on-road-driving-in-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Hannes Devos, Maud Ranchet, Deborah Backus, Matt Abisamra, John Anschutz, C Dan Allison, Sunil Mathur, Abiodun E Akinwuntan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cognitive, visual, and motor deficits underlying poor performance on different dimensions of on-road driving in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study SETTING: MS Clinic and Driving Simulator Lab PARTICIPANTS: A total of 102 active drivers with various types of MS. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Off-road cognitive, visual and motor functions, as well as 13 specific driving skills...
November 10, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840130/racial-ethnic-differences-in-word-fluency-and-auditory-comprehension-among-persons-with-post-stroke-aphasia
#15
Charles Ellis, Richard K Peach
OBJECTIVE: To examine aphasia outcomes and to determine whether the observed language profiles vary by race-ethnicity. DESIGN: Retrospective cross sectional study using a convenience sample of persons of with aphasia (PWA) obtained from AphasiaBank, a database designed for the study of aphasia outcomes. SETTING: Aphasia research laboratories in the US. PARTICIPANTS: 381 (339 Whites and 42 Black) persons with aphasia (PWA)...
November 10, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832952/cross-slope-and-level-walking-strategies-during-swing-in-individuals-with-a-lower-limb-amputation
#16
Coralie Villa, Isabelle Loiret, Karine Langlois, Xavier Bonnet, François Lavaste, Pascale Fodé, Hélène Pillet
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantitatively analyze prosthetic limb swing phase gait strategies used to adapt to cross-slopes compared to level walking. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study SETTING: Gait laboratory PARTICIPANTS: A volunteer sample of seventeen individuals with a transfemoral amputation, fifteen individuals with a transtibial amputation and seventeen able-bodied subjects. INTERVENTIONS: Participants walked on level and 6° (10%) cross slope surfaces at a self-selected walking speed...
November 7, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825909/handgrip-strength-related-to-long-term-electromyography-application-for-assessing-functional-decline-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Gareth R Jones, Kaitlyn P Roland, Noelannah A Neubauer, Jennifer M Jakobi
OBJECTIVE: To determine which clinical measures of physical function (i.e. gait, balance, grip strength) best represent long-term EMG in persons with PD compared to healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Community PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three males and females with PD and 14 healthy controls, living independently at home, aged 50 years and older were recruited from the local community. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Measures of gait, balance and grip strength were completed and EMG was examined in biceps brachii, triceps brachii, vastus lateralis and biceps femoris during a 6...
November 5, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794487/guided-training-relative-to-direct-skill-training-for-individuals-with-cognitive-impairments-after-stroke-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#18
Elizabeth R Skidmore, Meryl Butters, Ellen Whyte, Emily Grattan, Jennifer Shen, Lauren Terhorst
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of direct skill training and guided training for promoting independence after stroke. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized pilot study. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-three participants in inpatient rehabilitation with acute stroke and cognitive impairments. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to receive direct skill training (n=22, 10 sessions as adjunct to usual inpatient rehabilitation) or guided training (n=21, same dose)...
October 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794486/changes-in-standard-eeg-parallel-consciousness-improvement-in-patients-with-unresponsive-wakefulness-syndrome
#19
Sergio Bagnato, Cristina Boccagni, Caterina Prestandrea, Alexander A Fingelkurts, Andrew A Fingelkurts, Giuseppe Galardi
OBJECTIVE: To identify changes in the standard electroencephalograms (EEGs) of patients with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) who did or did not recover consciousness 6 months after admission to a rehabilitation department. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Unit for Severe Acquired Brain Injuries. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight consecutive patients with UWS. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
October 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794485/non-invasive-ventilation-before-maximum-exercise-test-increases-exercise-tolerance-in-subjects-with-heart-failure-a-crossover-study
#20
Larissa de Andrade Carvalho, Daniella Cunha Brandão, Tainá Maria de Souza Vidal, Maria Inês Remígio, Sílvia Marinho, Armèle Dornelas de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) on exercise performance in individuals with heart failure (HF). DESIGN: Crossover, randomized, blind clinical trial with allocation concealment. SETTING: University-based research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 8 women and 16 men with New York Heart Association class II-III left heart failure between the ages of 51.8 ± 10.2 years. INTERVENTIONS: Ventilatory support was administered at two pressure levels for 30 minutes attached to the face of the individual via a facemask prior to Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (CPET)...
October 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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