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Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856500/highlights-from-the-literature
#1
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852668/less-invasive-surfactant-administration-versus-intubation-for-surfactant-delivery-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Jose C Aldana-Aguirre, Merlin Pinto, Robin M Featherstone, Manoj Kumar
CONTEXT: In spontaneously breathing preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) receiving nasal continuous positive airway pressure, a method of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) using a thin catheter has been described as an alternative to endotracheal intubation for surfactant delivery to reduce lung injury. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LISA with the standard method of surfactant delivery for clinical outcomes...
November 15, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852667/short-term-outcome-of-treatment-limitation-discussions-for-newborn-infants-a-multicentre-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#3
Narendra Aladangady, Chloe Shaw, Katie Gallagher, Elizabeth Stokoe, Neil Marlow
OBJECTIVE: To determine the short-term outcomes of babies for whom clinicians or parents discussed the limitation of life-sustaining treatment (LST). DESIGN: Prospective multicentre observational study. SETTING: Two level 3, six level 2 and one level 1 neonatal units in the North-East London Neonatal Network. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 87 babies including 68 for whom limiting LST was discussed with parents and 19 babies died without discussion of limiting LST in the labour ward or neonatal unit...
November 15, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827796/effect-of-body-position-and-ventilation-on-umbilical-artery-and-venous-blood-flows-during-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping-in-preterm-lambs
#4
Stuart B Hooper, Kelly J Crossley, Valerie A Zahra, Jeroen van Vonderen, Alison Moxham, Andrew W Gill, Martin Kluckow, Arjan B Te Pas, Euan M Wallace, Graeme R Polglase
OBJECTIVE: While delayed umbilical cord clamping (UCC) is thought to facilitate placental to infant blood transfusion, the physiological factors regulating flow in the umbilical arteries and veins during delayed UCC is unknown. We investigated the effects of gravity, by changing fetal height relative to the placenta, and ventilation on umbilical blood flows and the cardiovascular transition during delayed UCC at birth. METHODS: Catheters and flow probes were implanted into preterm lambs (128 days) prior to delivery to measure pulmonary, carotid, umbilical artery (UaBF) and umbilical venous (UvBF) blood flows...
November 8, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806990/influence-of-own-mother-s-milk-on-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-costs
#5
Aloka L Patel, Tricia J Johnson, Beverley Robin, Harold R Bigger, Ashley Buchanan, Elizabeth Christian, Vikram Nandhan, Anita Shroff, Michael Schoeny, Janet L Engstrom, Paula P Meier
BACKGROUND: Human milk from the infant's mother (own mother's milk; OMM) feedings reduces the risk of several morbidities in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, but limited data exist regarding its impact on bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). OBJECTIVE: To prospectively study the impact of OMM received in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on the risk of BPD and associated costs. DESIGN/METHODS: A 5-year prospective cohort study of the impact of OMM dose on growth, morbidity and NICU costs in VLBW infants...
November 2, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799323/diaphragmatic-activity-during-weaning-from-respiratory-support-in-preterm-infants
#6
Juliette V Kraaijenga, Cornelia G de Waal, Gerard J Hutten, Frans H de Jongh, Anton H van Kaam
OBJECTIVE: To determine if weaning from nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) to lesser supportive low flow nasal cannula (LFNC) results in a change in electrical activity of the diaphragm in preterm infants. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Stable preterm infants weaned from nCPAP to LFNC (1 L/min). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change in diaphragmatic activity, expressed as amplitude, peak and tonic activity, measured by transcutaneous electromyography (dEMG) from 30 min before (baseline) until 180 min after weaning...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799322/hyperglycaemia-in-infants-with-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy-is-associated-with-improved-outcomes-after-therapeutic-hypothermia-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-coolcap-study
#7
Sudeepta K Basu, Jason L Salemi, Alistair J Gunn, Jeffrey R Kaiser
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether glycaemic profile is associated with multiorgan dysfunction and with response to hypothermia after perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of the CoolCap Study. SETTING: 25 perinatal centres in UK, USA and New Zealand during 1999-2002. PATIENTS: 194/234 (83%) infants of ≥36 weeks' gestation with moderate-to-severe HIE enrolled in the CoolCap Study with documented plasma glucose levels and follow-up outcome...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780833/lung-haemangioma-presenting-with-air-crescent-sign-like-image-in-an-extreme-premature-baby
#8
Mark de Laat, Marijke Proesmans, Luc Breysem, Anne Debeer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780832/outcome-of-babies-with-no-detectable-heart-rate-before-10%C3%A2-minutes-of-age-and-the-effect-of-gestation
#9
Thomas Sproat, Richard Hearn, Sundeep Harigopal
OBJECTIVE: Current resuscitation guidelines suggest that it is reasonable to consider stopping resuscitation where no heart rate (cardiac activity) has been detected for 10 min in a newborn baby from birth. We aimed to determine the mortality rate and 2-year neurodevelopmental outcome of all babies born with no heart rate before 10 min of age where resuscitation was attempted in a tertiary referral centre over a 5-year period. DESIGN: To identify all babies with no heart rate before age 10 min we examined two groups:▸ All babies classified as live born who received cardiac massage at birth between January 2009 and December 2013...
October 25, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737909/effect-of-antibiotic-use-on-antimicrobial-antibiotic-resistance-and-late-onset-neonatal-infections-over-25%C3%A2-years-in-an-australian-tertiary-neonatal-unit
#10
David Carr, Elizabeth Helen Barnes, Adrienne Gordon, David Isaacs
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a worldwide problem. We describe 25 years of responsible antibiotic use in a tertiary neonatal unit. METHODS: Data on neonatal infections and antibiotic use were collected prospectively from 1990 to 2014 at a single tertiary Sydney neonatal intensive care unit attached to a maternity unit. There are approximately 5500 deliveries and 900 nursery admissions per year. RESULTS: The mean annual rate of late-onset sepsis was 1...
October 13, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758930/definition-and-monitoring-of-neonatal-hypoglycaemia-a-nationwide-survey-of-nhs-england-neonatal-units
#11
Kathryn Charlotte Dixon, Rebecca Louise Ferris, Dilshad Marikar, Mickey Chong, Anita Mittal, Logan Manikam, Peter John Rose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758928/towards-more-accurate-assessment-of-preterm-systemic-blood-flow
#12
Nick Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758929/determinants-of-developmental-outcomes-in-a-very-preterm-canadian-cohort
#13
Anne Synnes, Thuy Mai Luu, Diane Moddemann, Paige Church, David Lee, Michael Vincer, Marilyn Ballantyne, Annette Majnemer, Dianne Creighton, Junmin Yang, Reginald Sauve, Saroj Saigal, Prakesh Shah, Shoo K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Identify determinants of neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm children. METHODS: Prospective national cohort study of children born between 2009 and 2011 at <29 weeks gestational age, admitted to one of 28 Canadian neonatal intensive care units and assessed at a Canadian Neonatal Follow-up Network site at 21 months corrected age for cerebral palsy (CP), visual, hearing and developmental status using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition (Bayley-III)...
October 6, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698194/automated-fio2-control-nice-to-have-or-an-essential-addition-to-neonatal-intensive-care
#14
Christian F Poets, Axel R Franz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698193/estimating-discharge-dates-using-routinely-collected-data-improving-the-preparedness-of-parents-of-preterm-infants-for-discharge-home
#15
Peter J Fleming, Jennifer Ingram, Debbie Johnson, Peter S Blair
The length of stay for moderately preterm infants has progressively become shorter in the UK in recent years but staff still commonly inform parents that their baby will go home around their estimated date of delivery (EDD). Parents need as much notice as possible to prepare for the discharge of their baby, and to gain the necessary skills and knowledge to care for their infant safely. We report the use of routinely collected neonatal data to develop and implement a simple centile chart for date of discharge from hospital, which allows staff and parents to predict the likely discharge date more accurately for preterm infants, most of whom now go home more than 3 weeks before their EDD...
October 3, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694399/is-the-infant-car-seat-challenge-useful-a-pilot-study-in-a-simulated-moving-vehicle
#16
Renu Arya, Georgina Williams, Anna Kilonback, Martin Toward, Michael Griffin, Peter S Blair, Peter Fleming
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that preterm infants complete a predischarge 'car seat challenge' observation for cardiorespiratory compromise while in a car seat. This static challenge does not consider the more upright position in a car or the vibration of the seat when the car is moving. This pilot study was designed to assess the cardiorespiratory effects of vibration, mimicking the effect of being in a moving car, on preterm and term infants...
September 30, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688048/advance-care-planning-outpatient-antenatal-palliative-care-consultation
#17
Brian Scott Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671836/two-hourly-versus-3-hourly-feeding-for-very-low-birthweight-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Nor Rosidah Ibrahim, Tan Hooi Kheng, Ariffin Nasir, Noraida Ramli, Jimmy Lee Kok Foo, Sharifah Huda Syed Alwi, Hans Van Rostenberghe
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether feeding with 2-hourly or 3-hourly feeding interval reduces the time to achieve full enteral feeding and to compare their outcome in very low birthweight preterm infants. DESIGN: Parallel-group randomised controlled trial with a 1:1 allocation ratio. SETTING: Two regional tertiary neonatal intensive care units. PATIENTS: 150 preterm infants less than 35 weeks gestation with birth weight between 1...
September 26, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671835/enterostomy-related-complications-and-growth-following-reversal-in-infants
#19
George Bethell, Simon Kenny, Harriet Corbett
BACKGROUND: Infant enterostomies are used to manage various neonatal surgical conditions where it is not suitable or safe to form a primary anastomosis. Complications are common and there is no consensus regarding optimal timing of enterostomy reversal. Stoma reversal is thought to allow patients to thrive; however, this has not been demonstrated robustly. AIM: The study aimed to identify risk factors for enterostomy-related complications and to determine the relationship between enterostomy complications, enterostomy reversal and weight gain in infants with enterostomies...
September 26, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645491/neopuff-t-piece-resuscitator-does-device-design-affect-delivered-ventilation
#20
Murray Hinder, Pranav Jani, Archana Priyadarshi, Alistair McEwan, Mark Tracy
BACKGROUND: The T-piece resuscitator (TPR) is in common use worldwide to deliver positive pressure ventilation during resuscitation of infants <10 kg. Ease of use, ability to provide positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), availability of devices inbuilt into resuscitaires and cheaper disposable options have increased its popularity as a first-line device for term infant resuscitation. Research into its ventilation performance is limited to preterm infant and animal studies. Efficacy of providing PEEP and the use of TPR during term infant resuscitation are not established...
September 19, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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