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Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918395/non-invasive-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-in-preterm-infants-a-randomised-controlled-cross-over-trial
#1
Daniel Klotz, Hendryk Schneider, Stefan Schumann, Benjamin Mayer, Hans Fuchs
OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV) has recently been described as a novel mode of respiratory support for premature infants. This study was designed to determine whether nHFOV decreases CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) in premature infants more effectively than non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). DESIGN: Non-blinded prospective randomised controlled cross-over study. SETTING: University Medical Center tertiary neonatal intensive care unit...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916563/incidence-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-rop-and-rop-treatment-in-switzerland-2006-2015-a-population-based-analysis
#2
Roland Gerull, Viviane Brauer, Dirk Bassler, Bernard Laubscher, Riccardo E Pfister, Mathias Nelle, Béatrice Müller, Christina Gerth-Kahlert, Mark Adams
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a severe complication of preterm birth and can lead to severe visual impairment or even blindness if untreated. The incidence of ROP requiring treatment is increasing in some developed countries in conjunction with higher survival rates at the lower end of gestational age (GA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The incidence of ROP and severe ROP (sROP) requiring treatment in Switzerland was analysed using the SwissNeoNet registry...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883098/randomised-trial-of-estimating-oral-endotracheal-tube-insertion-depth-in-newborns-using-weight-or-vocal-cord-guide
#3
Irwin Gill, Aisling Stafford, Madeleine C Murphy, Aisling R Geoghegan, Miranda Crealey, Eoghan Laffan, Colm Patrick Finbarr O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: When intubating newborns, clinicians aim to position the endotracheal tube (ETT) tip in the midtrachea. The depth to which ETTs should be inserted is often estimated using the infant's weight. ETTs are frequently incorrectly positioned in newborns, most often inserted too far. Using the vocal cord guide (a mark at the distal end of the ETT) to guide insertion depth has been recommended. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether estimating ETT insertion depth using the vocal cord guide rather than weight results in more correctly positioned ETT tips...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883097/survival-of-very-preterm-infants-admitted-to-neonatal-care-in-england-2008-2014-time-trends-and-regional-variation
#4
Shalini Santhakumaran, Yevgeniy Statnikov, Daniel Gray, Cheryl Battersby, Deborah Ashby, Neena Modi
OBJECTIVE: To analyse survival trends and regional variation for very preterm infants admitted to neonatal care. SETTING: All neonatal units in England. PATIENTS: Infants born at 22(+0)-31(+6) weeks(+days)gestational age (GA) over 2008-2014 and admitted to neonatal care; published data for admitted infants 22(+0)-25(+6) weeks(+days) GA in 1995 and 2006, and for live births at 22(+0)-31(+6) weeks(+days) GA in 2013. METHODS: We obtained data from the National Neonatal Research Database...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866624/severe-acquired-subglottic-stenosis-in-neonatal-intensive-care-graduates-a-case-control-study
#5
Rebecca E Thomas, Shripada C Rao, Corrado Minutillo, Shyan Vijayasekaran, Elizabeth A Nathan
OBJECTIVE: To analyse current incidence and risk factors associated with severe acquired subglottic stenosis (SASGS) requiring surgical intervention in neonates. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Sole tertiary children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who underwent surgical intervention for SASGS from January 2006 to December 2014. For each neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) graduate with acquired SASGS, two controls were selected (matched for gestation and year of birth)...
September 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866623/epidemiology-management-and-outcome-of-ultrashort-bowel-syndrome-in-infancy
#6
REVIEW
Akshay Batra, Simon Charlie Keys, Mark John Johnson, Robert A Wheeler, Robert Mark Beattie
Ultrashort bowel syndrome (USBS) is a group of heterogeneous disorders where the length of small bowel is less than 10 cm or 10% of expected for the age. It is caused by massive loss of the gut which in the neonatal period can be a result of vanishing gastroschisis or surgical resection following mid-gut volvulus, jejunoileal atresia and/or extensive necrotising enterocolitis. The exact prevalence of USBS is not known although there is a clear trend towards increasing numbers because of increased incidence and improved survival...
September 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866622/neurodevelopmental-follow-up-for-high-risk-neonates-current-practice-in-great-britain
#7
LETTER
Philippa Chisholm, Anusha Arasu, Angela Huertas-Ceballos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847871/academic-performance-of-children-born-preterm-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#8
E Sabrina Twilhaar, Jorrit F de Kieviet, Cornelieke Sh Aarnoudse-Moens, Ruurd M van Elburg, Jaap Oosterlaan
BACKGROUND: Advances in neonatal healthcare have resulted in decreased mortality after preterm birth but have not led to parallel decreases in morbidity. Academic performance provides insight in the outcomes and specific difficulties and needs of preterm children. OBJECTIVE: To study academic performance in preterm children born in the antenatal steroids and surfactant era and possible moderating effects of perinatal and demographic factors. DESIGN: PubMed, Web of Science and PsycINFO were searched for peer-reviewed articles...
August 28, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847870/socioeconomic-inequity-in-survival-for-deliveries-at-22-24-weeks-of-gestation
#9
Naho Morisaki, Tetsuya Isayama, Osamu Samura, Kazuko Wada, Satoshi Kusuda
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines recommend individual decision making on resuscitating infants of 22-24 weeks' gestational age (GA) at birth. When the decision not to resuscitate is made, infants would likely die soon after delivery, and under some circumstances such neonatal deaths may be registered as stillbirths occurring during delivery (intrapartum stillbirth). Thus we assessed whether socioeconomic factors are associated with peridelivery deaths (during or within 1 hour of delivery) of infants delivered at 22-24 weeks' gestation...
August 28, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839107/why-or-how-does-the-prone-sleep-position-increase-the-risk-of-unexpected-and-unexplained-infant-death
#10
EDITORIAL
Peter Fleming, Peter Blair, Anna Pease
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839106/variation-of-practice-and-poor-outcomes-for-extremely-low-gestation-births-ordained-before-birth
#11
EDITORIAL
Annie Janvier, Jason Baardsnes, Michael Hebert, Stephanie Newell, Neil Marlow
no abstract is needed for an editorial.
August 24, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824007/analysis-of-neonatal-resuscitation-using-eye-tracking-a-pilot-study
#12
Brenda Hiu Yan Law, Po-Yin Cheung, Michael Wagner, Sylvia van Os, Bin Zheng, Georg Schmölzer
BACKGROUND: Visual attention (VA) is important for situation awareness and decision-making. Eye tracking can be used to analyse the VA of healthcare providers. No study has examined eye tracking during neonatal resuscitation. OBJECTIVE: To test the use of eye tracking to examine VA during neonatal resuscitation. METHODS: Six video recordings were obtained using eye tracking glasses worn by resuscitators during the first 5 min of neonatal resuscitation...
August 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818854/nasal-midazolam-vs-ketamine-for-neonatal-intubation-in-the-delivery-room-a-randomised-trial
#13
Christophe Milési, Julien Baleine, Thibault Mura, Fernando Benito-Castro, Félicie Ferragu, Gérard Thiriez, Pierre Thévenot, Clémentine Combes, Ricardo Carbajal, Gilles Cambonie
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of sedation by intranasal administration of midazolam (nMDZ) or ketamine (nKTM) for neonatal intubation. DESIGN: A multicentre, prospective, randomised, double-blind study. SETTING: Delivery rooms at four tertiary perinatal centres in France. PATIENTS: Preterm neonates with respiratory distress requiring non-emergent endotracheal intubation for surfactant instillation. INTERVENTIONS: Treatment was randomly allocated, with each neonate receiving a bolus of 0...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818853/interobserver-agreement-and-image-quality-of-functional-cardiac-ultrasound-measures-used-in-a-randomised-trial-of-delayed-cord-clamping-in-preterm-infants
#14
Himanshu Popat, Kristy P Robledo, Lucille Sebastian, Nicholas Evans, Andrew Gill, Martin Kluckow, Sanjay Sinhal, Koert de Waal, William Tarnow-Mordi, David Osborn
OBJECTIVE: Functional cardiac ultrasound measures are used clinically and in trials for assessing the haemodynamic status of newborn infants. Superior vena cava (SVC) flow and right ventricular output (RVO) are established measures of systemic blood flow on the first postnatal day. The objective was to assess image quality and interobserver agreement of these measures in preterm infants enrolled in a randomised trial of immediate versus delayed cord clamping. DESIGN AND SETTING: Image quality and interobserver agreement for SVC flow, RVO and ductus arteriosus (DA) size were assessed on measurements taken at 3-6, 6-12 and 20-28 hours for the first 10 infants enrolled at each of four sites (total 40)...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818852/accuracy-of-11-formulae-to-guide-umbilical-arterial-catheter-tip-placement-in-newborn-infants
#15
Wei Ling Lean, Jennifer A Dawson, Peter G Davis, Christiane Theda, Marta Thio
BACKGROUND: Umbilical arterial catheter (UAC) insertion is a common procedure in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Correct placement of the tip of the UAC at first attempt minimises handling of the infant and reduces the risk of infection and complications. We aimed to determine the accuracy of 11 published formulae to guide UAC placement. METHODS: This was a one-year prospective observational study in a tertiary NICU. Clinicians used their preferred formula for UAC insertion, with X-rays performed immediately post-procedure to check the tip position...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818851/inotropes-for-preterm-babies-during-the-transition-period-after-birth-friend-or-foe
#16
REVIEW
Heike Rabe, Hector Rojas-Anaya
During the transition to extrauterine life, preterm infants are at high risk of developing circulatory failure. Currently, hypotension is used as major diagnostic criteria for starting treatments such as fluid boluses, inotropes or steroids. Most of these treatment options have not been studied in large randomised controlled trials for efficacy and safety and are under discussions. A wide variety in their use is reported in the literature and clear evidence about which inotrope or other treatment should be preferred is lacking...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818850/improved-pregnant-women-s-understanding-of-research-information-by-an-enhanced-informed-consent-form-a-randomised-controlled-study-nested-in-neonatal-research
#17
Nut Koonrungsesomboon, Chanchai Traivaree, Sangkae Chamnanvanakij, Pimchitr Rungtragoolchai, Yawana Thanapat, Juntra Karbwang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to test the applicability and effectiveness of the enhanced informed consent form (ICF) methodology, proposed by the Strategic Initiative for Developing Capacity in Ethical Review (SIDCER), in neonatal research requiring maternal consent. DESIGN: A single-centre open-label randomised controlled study. SETTING: Antenatal care clinics at Phramongkutklao Hospital, Thailand. PATIENTS: 234 pregnant women who were at risk of preterm labour were enrolled; 232 individuals completed the study...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802261/how-do-different-brands-of-size-1-laryngeal-mask-airway-compare-with-face-mask-ventilation-in-a-dedicated-laryngeal-mask-airway-teaching-manikin
#18
Mark Brian Tracy, Archana Priyadarshi, Dimple Goel, Krista Lowe, Jacqueline Huvanandana, Murray Hinder
BACKGROUND: International neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend the use of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) with newborn infants (≥34 weeks' gestation or >2 kg weight) when bag-mask ventilation (BMV) or tracheal intubation is unsuccessful. Previous publications do not allow broad LMA device comparison. OBJECTIVE: To compare delivered ventilation of seven brands of size 1 LMA devices with two brands of face mask using self-inflating bag (SIB). DESIGN: 40 experienced neonatal staff provided inflation cycles using SIB with positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) (5 cmH2O) to a specialised newborn/infant training manikin randomised for each LMA and face mask...
August 11, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794133/presence-and-pattern-of-scarring-in-children-born-very-preterm
#19
Anna C Tottman, Jane M Alsweiler, Frank H Bloomfield, Jane E Harding
The long-term scarring burden of preterm infants undergoing modern neonatal intensive care is not known. This observational cohort study aimed to document the presence and pattern of scarring in children born <30 weeks' gestation or <1500 g birth weight and cared for at the National Women's Health neonatal intensive care unit, Auckland, New Zealand. Children were examined at 7 years' corrected age and the presence, size, number and distribution of scars documented. Scarring was seen in 90% of 129 children assessed, with 81% having multiple scars, 60% having large scars (85% of whom had no history of major neonatal surgery) and 75% having more than one body area scarred...
August 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780501/birth-weight-trends-in-england-and-wales-1986-2012-babies-are-getting-heavier
#20
Rebecca Elisabeth Ghosh, Jacob Dag Berild, Anna Freni Sterrantino, Mireille B Toledano, Anna L Hansell
INTRODUCTION: Birth weight is a strong predictor of infant mortality, morbidity and later disease risk. Previous work from the 1980s indicated a shift in the UK towards heavier births; this descriptive analysis looks at more recent trends. METHODS: Office for National Statistics (ONS) registration data on 17.2 million live, single births from 1986 to 2012 were investigated for temporal trends in mean birth weight, potential years of birth weight change and changes in the proportions of very low (<1500 g), low (<2500 g) and high (≥4000 g) birth weight...
August 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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