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Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500064/cry-presence-and-amplitude-do-not-reflect-cortical-processing-of-painful-stimuli-in-newborns-with-distinct-responses-to-touch-or-cold
#1
Nathalie L Maitre, Ann R Stark, Carrie C McCoy Menser, Olena D Chorna, Daniel J France, Alexandra F Key, Ken Wilkens, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Don M Wilkes, Stephen Bruehl
OBJECTIVE: Newborns requiring hospitalisation frequently undergo painful procedures. Prevention of pain in infants is of prime concern because of adverse associations with physiological and neurological development. However, pain mitigation is currently guided by behavioural observation assessments that have not been validated against direct evidence of pain processing in the brain. The aim of this study was to determine whether cry presence or amplitude is a valid indicator of pain processing in newborns...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483819/short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-preterm-neonates-with-acute-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-following-rescue-treatment-with-inhaled-nitric-oxide
#2
Michelle Baczynski, Shannon Ginty, Dany E Weisz, Patrick J McNamara, Edmond Kelly, Prakeshkumar Shah, Amish Jain
OBJECTIVE: To describe short-term and long-term outcomes of preterm neonates with severe acute pulmonary hypertension (aPHT) in relation to response to rescue inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort studyover a 6 year period. SETTING: Tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS: 89 neonates <35 weeks gestational age (GA) who received rescue iNO for aPHT, including 62 treated at ≤3 days of age (early aPHT)...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483818/newborn-infants-with-bilious-vomiting-a-national-audit-of-neonatal-transport-services
#3
Shalini Ojha, Laura Sand, Nandiran Ratnavel, Stephen Terence Kempley, Ajay Kumar Sinha, Syed Mohinuddin, Helen Budge, Andrew Leslie
OBJECTIVE: The precautionary approach to urgently investigate infants with bilious vomiting has increased the numbers referred to transport teams and tertiary surgical centres. The aim of this national UK audit was to quantify referrals and determine the frequency of surgical diagnoses with the purpose to inform the consequent inclusion of these referrals in the national 'time-critical' data set. METHODS: A prospective, multicentre UK-wide audit was conducted between 1 August, 2015 and 31 October, 2015...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483817/propofol-for-sedation-during-less-invasive-surfactant-administration-in-preterm-infants
#4
LETTER
Claire Sophie Descamps, Marie Chevallier, Anne Ego, Isabelle Pin, Chloé Epiard, Thierry Debillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468902/electrical-direct-current-cardioversion-for-the-treatment-of-atrial-flutter-in-extremely-premature-neonate
#5
LETTER
Maduka Umeh, Toriairma Klutse, Justin Richards, Anay Kulkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468901/0-2-chlorhexidine-acetate-as-skin-disinfectant-prevents-skin-lesions-in-extremely-preterm-infants-a-preliminary-report
#6
Lisanne M A Janssen, Alma Tostmann, Joost Hopman, Kian D Liem
OBJECTIVE: The skin disinfectant '0.5% chlorhexidine gluconate in 70% alcohol' (0.5% CHG-70% alc) may cause skin lesions in extremely preterm infants (gestational age <26 weeks). In April 2013, 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate solution in acetate (0.2% CHG-acetate) was introduced as skin disinfectant for extremely preterm infants in our neonatal intensive care units. We aimed to compare the incidence of skin lesions and central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) among extremely preterm infants when using 0...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468900/evaluation-of-a-digital-stethoscope-in-transitioning-term-infants-after-birth
#7
LETTER
Vincent D Gaertner, Ajay Chintan Kevat, Peter G Davis, C Omar Farouk Kamlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468899/maternal-vaccination-against-pertussis-a-systematic-review-of-the-recent-literature
#8
REVIEW
Despoina Gkentzi, Paraskeui Katsakiori, Markos Marangos, Yingfen Hsia, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Paul T Heath, Shamez Ladhani
OBJECTIVE: This study is conducted to summarise and present the current knowledge on antenatal vaccination against pertussis with regard to national recommendations, coverage, immunogenicity, safety and effectiveness of the current available vaccines. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature in English was undertaken from January 2011 to May 2016 with searches in four databases. The review conformed to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468898/contribution-of-targeted-saliva-screening-for-congenital-cmv-related-hearing-loss-in-newborns-who-fail-hearing-screening
#9
Daphne Ari-Even Roth, Daniel Lubin, Jacob Kuint, Michal Teperberg-Oikawa, Ella Mendelson, Tzipora Strauss, Galia Barkai
BACKGROUND: We previously reported a 2.2% rate of infants born with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) due to congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection identified by universal neonatal screen for cCMV using saliva. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of targeted saliva screening for cCMV to the detection of infants born with cCMV-related SNHL who failed universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the audiological and medical records of infants who failed UNHS and were tested for cCMV using saliva sample prior to discharge at Sheba Medical Center between 2014 and 2015...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468897/the-suprasternal-notch-a-surface-landmark-for-endotracheal-tube-tip-position-in-newborns
#10
LETTER
Madeleine C Murphy, Colm Patrick Finbarr O'Donnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468896/emergency-laparotomy-in-infants-born-at-26-weeks-gestation-a-neonatal-network-based-cohort-study-of-frequency-surgical-pathology-and-outcomes
#11
Jonathan Durell, Nigel J Hall, Melanie Drewett, Kujan Paramanantham, David Burge
OBJECTIVE: Identify the proportion of infants born at <26 completed weeks' gestation who require emergency laparotomy, and review the surgical pathology, incidence of subsequent surgical procedures and outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort review. SETTING: Tertiary neonatal surgical unit. PATIENTS: All infants born at <26 weeks' gestation in a neonatal network over an 8-year period. RESULTS: Of 381 infants, laparotomy was indicated in 61 (16%) and performed in 57...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465315/a-first-in-human-clinical-study-of-a-new-sp-b-and-sp-c-enriched-synthetic-surfactant-chf5633-in-preterm-babies-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#12
David G Sweet, Mark A Turner, Zbyněk Straňák, Richard Plavka, Paul Clarke, Ben J Stenson, Dominique Singer, Rangmar Goelz, Laura Fabbri, Guido Varoli, Annalisa Piccinno, Debora Santoro, Christian P Speer
OBJECTIVE: CHF5633 (Chiesi Farmaceutici S.p.A., Parma, Italy) is the first fully synthetic surfactant enriched by peptide analogues of two human surfactant proteins. We planned to assess safety and tolerability of CHF5633 and explore preliminary efficacy. DESIGN: Multicentre cohort study. PATIENTS: Forty infants from 27(+0) to 33(+6) weeks gestation with respiratory distress syndrome requiring fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ≥0.35 were treated with a single dose of CHF5633 within 48 hours after birth...
May 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456753/severe-hypercalcaemia-and-hypophosphataemia-with-an-optimised-preterm-parenteral-nutrition-formulation-in-two-epochs-of-differing-phosphate-supplementation
#13
Shaveta Mulla, Susan Stirling, Sarah Cowey, Rosie Close, Sara Pullan, Rosalind Howe, Lynne Radbone, Paul Clarke
OBJECTIVE: To compare in two epochs of differing phosphate provision serum calcium, phosphate, potassium, and sodium concentrations and the frequency of abnormality of these electrolytes and of sepsis in preterm infants who received an optimised higher amino acid-content formulation. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study at a single tertiary-level neonatal unit. PATIENTS: Preterm infants given parenteral nutrition (PN) in the first postnatal week during two discrete 6-month epochs in 2013-2014...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420745/eight-principles-for-patient-centred-and-family-centred-care-for-newborns-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#14
Jean-Michel Roué, Pierre Kuhn, Maria Lopez Maestro, Ragnhild Agnethe Maastrup, Delphine Mitanchez, Björn Westrup, Jacques Sizun
Despite the recent improvements in perinatal medical care leading to an increase in survival rates, adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes occur more frequently in preterm and/or high-risk infants. Medical risk factors for neurodevelopmental delays like male gender or intrauterine growth restriction and family sociocultural characteristics have been identified. Significant data have provided evidence of the detrimental impact of overhelming environmental sensory inputs, such as pain and stress, on the developing human brain and strategies aimed at preventing this impact...
April 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389438/management-and-investigation-of-neonatal-encephalopathy-2017-update
#15
Kathryn Martinello, Anthony R Hart, Sufin Yap, Subhabrata Mitra, Nicola J Robertson
This review discusses an approach to determining the cause of neonatal encephalopathy, as well as current evidence on resuscitation and subsequent management of hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Encephalopathy in neonates can be due to varied aetiologies in addition to hypoxic-ischaemia. A combination of careful history, examination and the judicious use of investigations can help determine the cause. Over the last 7 years, infants with moderate to severe HIE have benefited from the introduction of routine therapeutic hypothermia; the number needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome is 7 (95% CI 5 to 10)...
April 6, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377385/the-role-of-prenatal-steroids-at-34-36-weeks-of-gestation
#16
Gordon Cs Smith, David Rowitch, Ben Wj Mol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336573/a-randomised-cross-over-study-of-methods-of-acquiring-ecg-heart-rate-in-newborns
#17
LETTER
Madeleine C Murphy, Laura De Angelis, Danielle McCollum, Lisa K McCarthy, Colm Pf O'Donnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302697/abstention-or-intervention-for-isolated-hypotension-in-the-first-3%C3%A2-days-of-life-in-extremely-preterm-infants-association-with-short-term-outcomes-in-the-epipage-2-cohort-study
#18
Xavier Durrmeyer, Laetitia Marchand-Martin, Raphaël Porcher, Geraldine Gascoin, Jean-Christophe Roze, Laurent Storme, Geraldine Favrais, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Gilles Cambonie
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes at hospital discharge for preterm infants born before 29 weeks of gestation who had at least one episode of isolated hypotension during their first 72 hours of life for which they did or did not receive antihypotensive treatment. DESIGN: Etude Epidémiologique sur les Petits Ages Gestationnels 2 (EPIPAGE 2) French national prospective population-based cohort study in 2011. SETTING: 60 neonatal intensive care units...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302696/achievement-of-saturation-targets-in-preterm-infants-32%C3%A2-weeks-gestational-age-in-the-delivery-room
#19
Lani Nui White, Marta Thio, Louise S Owen, C Omar Kamlin, Samantha Sloss, Stuart B Hooper, Peter G Davis, Jennifer A Dawson
BACKGROUND: To reduce the risks of hypoxia and hyperoxia in preterm infants in the delivery room; national and international guidelines recommend titrating supplemental oxygen delivery to achieve specific oxygen saturation (SpO2) targets. Our aim was to measure the proportion of time infants <32 weeks' gestation spent within and outside prescribed SpO2 targets during the first 10 min after birth. METHOD: Prospective observational study using data from a preductal SpO2 sensor and oxygen analyser measuring fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) in the inspiratory limb of the respiratory circuit...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292964/longitudinal-evaluation-of-growth-in-oesophageal-atresia-patients-up-to-12%C3%A2-years
#20
Floor W T Vergouwe, Marjolein Spoel, Nicole W G van Beelen, Saskia J Gischler, René M H Wijnen, Joost van Rosmalen, Hanneke IJsselstijn
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies reported diminished growth after oesophageal atresia (OA) repair. We evaluated long-term follow-up data on growth. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study up to 12 years. Patients with OA, born 1999-2013, who participated in a longitudinal follow-up programme were included. Children with genetic syndromes associated with growth disorders were excluded. SD scores (SDS) for height-for-age (HFA), weight-for-height (WFH) and distance-to-target-height were calculated for routine visits (0...
March 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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