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Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30030294/oesophageal-atresia-with-tracheo-oesophageal-fistula-an-unusual-radiological-presentation
#1
Neaha Patel, Rainer Ebel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007939/impact-of-breast-milk-intake-on-body-composition-at-term-in-very-preterm-babies-secondary-analysis-of-the-nutritional-evaluation-and-optimisation-in-neonates-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Yangmei Li, Xinxue Liu, Neena Modi, Sabita Uthaya
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of breast milk (BM) intake on body composition at term in very preterm infants. DESIGN: Preplanned secondary analysis of the Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates Study, a 2-by-2 factorial randomised controlled trial of preterm parenteral nutrition (PN). SETTING: Four National Health Service hospitals in London and South-East England. PATIENTS: Infants born at <31 weeks of gestation; infants with life-threatening congenital abnormalities and those unable to receive trial PN within 24 hours of birth were ineligible...
July 14, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006471/the-secret-sauce-secrets-of-high-performing-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#3
EDITORIAL
Lamia Soghier, Billie Lou Short
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006470/fetal-surgery-for-spina-bifida-aperta
#4
REVIEW
Luc Joyeux, Enrico Danzer, Alan W Flake, Jan Deprest
Spina bifida aperta (SBA) is one of the most common congenital malformations. It can cause severe lifelong physical and neurodevelopmental disabilities. Experimental and clinical studies have shown that the neurological deficits associated with SBA are not simply caused by incomplete neurulation at the level of the lesion. Additional damage is caused by prolonged exposure of the spinal cord and nerves to the intrauterine environment and a suction gradient due to cerebrospinal fluid leakage, leading to progressive downward displacement of the hindbrain...
July 13, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997167/hypothermia-for-perinatal-asphyxia-trial-based-resource-use-and-costs-at-6-7-years
#5
Oliver Rivero-Arias, Oya Eddama, Denis Azzopardi, A David Edwards, Brenda Strohm, Helen Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of hypothermic neural rescue for perinatal asphyxia at birth on healthcare costs of survivors aged 6-7 years, and to quantify the relationship between costs and overall disability levels. DESIGN: 6-7 years follow-up of surviving children from the Total Body Hypothermia for Neonatal Encephalopathy (TOBY) trial. SETTING: Community study including a single parental questionnaire to collect information on children's healthcare resource use...
July 11, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997166/time-interval-for-preterm-infant-weight-gain-velocity-calculation-precision
#6
Tanis R Fenton, Thibault Senterre, Ian J Griffin
Calculation of weight gain velocity is used to guide nutrition and fluid management practices in neonatal intensive care units. Calculations over short time periods may be more responsive to management changes, but less precise. Weight gain velocity calculated over 5 to 7+ days have lower variability and less noise than shorter periods.
July 11, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997165/saddle-embolism-in-an-extremely-premature-infant
#7
Nicolas Martin Hidalgo Corral, Lynn A Batten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980589/family-integrated-care-what-s-all-the-fuss-about
#8
EDITORIAL
Amy Young, Liz McKechnie, Catherine M Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973349/stem-cell-based-therapies-in-neonatology-a-new-hope
#9
REVIEW
Bernard Thébaud
Despite progress made in neonatal intensive care, complications of extreme preterm birth still contribute as the main cause of death to children below 5 years of age. Stem cell-based therapies-mesenchymal stromal cells in particular-offer a new hope in preventing and/or restoring organ damage in extreme preterm infants. Early phase clinical trials, fueled by promising preclinical studies on lung and brain injury, have begun. While the enthusiasm in the neonatal community is palpable, much more needs to be learnt about cell-based therapies...
July 4, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29967184/physical-growth-neurodevelopment-and-cognition-outcomes-in-children-with-abdominal-wall-defects-a-tale-with-two-endings
#10
EDITORIAL
Karen Walker, Andrew J A Holland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954882/t-piece-resuscitators-a-warning-sign
#11
EDITORIAL
Ruth Guinsburg, Milton Harumi Miyoshi, Maria Fernanda B de Almeida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954881/epidemiology-of-infections-and-antimicrobial-use-in-greek-neonatal-units
#12
Despoina Gkentzi, Christina Kortsalioudaki, Benjamin Campbell Cailes, Theoklis Zaoutis, John Kopsidas, Maria Tsolia, Nikos Spyridis, Soultana Siahanidou, Kosmas Sarafidis, Paul T Heath, Gabriel Dimitriou
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of neonatal infections and of antimicrobial use in Greek Neonatal Units (NNUs) in order to develop national, evidence-based guidelines on empiric antimicrobial use for neonatal sepsis in Greece. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected infection surveillance data from 2012 to 2015, together with a Point Prevalence Survey (PPS) on antimicrobial use and the collection of data on local empiric antimicrobial policies...
June 28, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954880/breastfeeding-outcomes-in-european-nicus-impact-of-parental-visiting-policies
#13
Marina Cuttini, Ileana Croci, Liis Toome, Carina Rodrigues, Emilija Wilson, Mercedes Bonet, Janusz Gadzinowski, Domenico Di Lallo, Lena Carolin Herich, Jennifer Zeitlin
OBJECTIVE: The documented benefits of maternal milk for very preterm infants have raised interest in hospital policies that promote breastfeeding. We investigated the hypothesis that more liberal parental policies are associated with increased breastfeeding at discharge from the neonatal unit. DESIGN: Prospective area-based cohort study. SETTING: Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in 19 regions of 11 European countries. PATIENTS: All very preterm infants discharged alive in participating regions in 2011-2012 after spending >70% of their hospital stay in the same NICU (n=4407)...
June 28, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954879/extending-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-to-non-invasive-prenatal-diagnosis
#14
EDITORIAL
Rachel Helen Horton, Diana Gay Wellesley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945925/gastrointestinal-sequelae-after-surgery-for-necrotising-enterocolitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Eva-Maria Hau, Sarah C Meyer, Steffen Berger, Myrofora Goutaki, Marcin Kordasz, Ulf Kessler
OBJECTIVES: To document what types of gastrointestinal sequelae were described after surgery for necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and to analyse their frequency. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane library (CENTRAL) from 1990 to October 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: We included studies, which provided original data on the occurrence of gastrointestinal sequelae in patients surviving surgery for NEC...
June 26, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930148/safe-and-effective-glycaemic-control-in-premature-infants-observational-clinical-results-from-the-computerised-star-gryphon-protocol
#16
Jennifer L Knopp Nee Dickson, Adrienne M Lynn, Geoffrey M Shaw, J Geoffrey Chase
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies examine clinical outcomes of insulin therapy in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), without first developing safe and effective control protocols. This research quantifies the safety and performance of a computerised model-based control algorithmSTAR-GRYPHON (Stochastic TARgeted Glucose Regulation sYstem to Prevent Hyper- and hypO-glycaemia in Neonates). DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of glycaemic control in very/extremely low birthweight infants treated with insulin from Christchurch Women's Hospital NICU between January 2013 and June 2017...
June 21, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925540/hypoxemic-and-hyperoxemic-likelihood-in-pulse-oximetry-ranges-nicu-observational-study
#17
Thomas E Bachman, Christopher J L Newth, Narayan P Iyer, Patrick A Ross, Robinder G Khemani
OBJECTIVE: Describe the likelihood of hypoxemia and hyperoxemia across ranges of oxygen saturation (SpO2 ), during mechanical ventilation with supplemental oxygenation. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: University affiliated tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Two groups of neonates based on postmenstrual age (PMA): <32 weeks (n=104) and >36 weeks (n=709). MAIN MEASURES: Hypoxemia was defined as a PaO2 <40 mm Hg, hyperoxemia as a PaO2 of >99 mm Hg and normoxemia as a PaO2 of 50-80 mm Hg...
June 20, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925539/dose-interval-study-of-a-dual-probiotic-in-preterm-infants
#18
Claire Watkins, Kiera Murphy, Eugene M Dempsey, Carol Anne O'Shea, Brendan Paul Murphy, Paul W O'Toole, R Paul Ross, Catherine Stanton, C Anthony Ryan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the appropriate dosing interval of a probiotic (Infloran) given daily, biweekly and weekly in preterm infants <32 weeks' gestation. METHODS: There were 8 infants in the daily group, 8 infants in the biweekly group and 10 infants in the weekly group, all born between 25 and 32 weeks' gestation. The control group consisted of 12 preterm infants who did not receive the probiotic. Infloran (250 mg/capsule), containing Bifidobacterium bifidum (1×109 colony-forming unit (CFU)) and Lactobacillus acidophilus (1×109 CFU), was administered in 2...
June 20, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925538/screening-for-colonisation-with-gentamicin-resistant-gram-negative-organisms-on-the-neonatal-unit-does-positive-screening-predict-sepsis
#19
Oliver Walker, Carolyn Babb, Konstantinos Karampatsas, Justin Richards, Nigel Kennea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907614/human-milk-as-a-protective-factor-for-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Jinglan Huang, Li Zhang, Jun Tang, Jing Shi, Yi Qu, Tao Xiong, Dezhi Mu
OBJECTIVE: To summarise current evidence evaluating the effects of human milk on the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. DESIGN: We searched for studies on human milk and BPD in English and Chinese databases on 26 July 2017. Furthermore, the references of included studies were also screened. The inclusion criteria in this meta-analysis were the following: (1) preterm infants (<37 weeks); (2) human milk; (3) comparing with formula feeding; (4) the outcome included BPD; and (5) the type of study was randomised controlled trial (RCT) or cohort study...
June 15, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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