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Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778994/heart-rate-changes-during-positive-pressure-ventilation-after-asphyxia-induced-bradycardia-in-a-porcine-model-of-neonatal-resuscitation
#1
Maria Liza Espinoza, Po-Yin Cheung, Tze-Fun Lee, Megan O'Reilly, Georg M Schmölzer
BACKGROUND: The Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) states that if adequate positive pressure ventilation (PPV) was given for a low heart rate (HR), the infant's HR should increase within the first 15 s of PPV. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in HR in piglets with asphyxia-induced bradycardia. METHODS: Term newborn piglets (n=30) were anaesthetised, intubated, instrumented and exposed to 50 min normocapnic hypoxia followed by asphyxia. Asphyxia was achieved by clamping the tube until severe bradycardia (defined as HR at <u><</u>25% of baseline)...
May 19, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769237/outcomes-following-antenatal-identification-of-hydrops-fetalis-a-single-centre-experience-from-2001-to-2012
#2
Damien M Gilby, J Bridie Mee, C Omar Farouk Kamlin, Louise H Kornman, Peter G Davis, Brett James Manley
OBJECTIVE: To describe the aetiologies and outcomes of pregnancies complicated by hydrops fetalis (HF). STUDY DESIGN: Case series of all pregnancies complicated by HF managed at The Royal Women's Hospital (RWH), Melbourne, Australia, between 2001 and 2012. Multiple pregnancies, and cases where antenatal care was not provided at RWH were excluded. Cases were identified from neonatal and obstetric databases. Data were extracted from maternal and neonatal case files, electronic pathology and radiology reports, and obstetric and neonatal databases...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730596/human-milk-is-perhaps-the-single-most-under-rated-strategy-to-prevent-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#3
Sergio Verd, Gemma Ginovart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730594/adverse-effects-of-small-for-gestational-age-differ-by-gestational-week-among-very-preterm-infants
#4
Erik A Jensen, Elizabeth E Foglia, Kevin C Dysart, Rebecca A Simmons, Zubair H Aghai, Alison Cook, Jay S Greenspan, Sara B DeMauro
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the excess risk for death, grade 3-4 intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and stage 3-5 retinopathy of prematurity independently associated with birth small for gestational age (SGA) among very preterm infants, stratified by completed weeks of gestation. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using the Optum Neonatal Database. Study infants were born <32 weeks gestation without severe congenital anomalies...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728414/t-piece-resuscitators-how-do-they-compare
#5
Murray Hinder, Alistair McEwan, Thomas Drevhammer, Snorri Donaldson, Mark Brian Tracy
BACKGROUND: The T-piece resuscitator (TPR) has seen increased use as a primary resuscitation device with newborns. Traditional TPR design uses a high resistance expiratory valve to produce positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) at resuscitation. A new TPR device that uses a dual flow ratio valve (fluidic flip) to produce PEEP/CPAP is now available (rPAP). We aimed to compare the measured ventilation performance of different TPR devices in a controlled bench test study...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728413/a-video-is-worth-a-thousand-words-innovative-uses-of-videolaryngoscopy
#6
EDITORIAL
Nicole R Pouppirt, Elizabeth E Foglia, Anne Ades
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728412/challenge-of-determining-true-outcome-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#7
EDITORIAL
Carl Davis, Gregor M Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680790/clinical-aspects-of-incorporating-cord-clamping-into-stabilisation-of-preterm-infants
#8
REVIEW
Ronny Knol, Emma Brouwer, Alex S N Vernooij, Frans J C M Klumper, Philip DeKoninck, Stuart B Hooper, Arjan B Te Pas
Fetal to neonatal transition is characterised by major pulmonary and haemodynamic changes occurring in a short period of time. In the international neonatal resuscitation guidelines, comprehensive recommendations are available on supporting pulmonary transition and delaying clamping of the cord in preterm infants. Recent experimental studies demonstrated that the pulmonary and haemodynamic transition are intimately linked, could influence each other and that the timing of umbilical cord clamping should be incorporated into the respiratory stabilisation...
April 21, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666203/efficacy-and-safety-of-pulmonary-application-of-corticosteroids-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Mahin Delara, Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Mê-Linh Le, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Ryan Zarychanski, Geert W 'tJong
BACKGROUND: Systemic corticosteroids as the frontline treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants are associated with adverse effects on growth and neurodevelopmental outcome, but the pulmonary administration of steroids may help prevent the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) without these side effects. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pulmonary application of corticosteroids in preterm infants with RDS. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666202/nutritional-role-of-amniotic-fluid-clues-from-infants-with-congenital-obstruction-of-the-digestive-tract
#10
Nigel J Hall, Melanie Drewett, David Burge
AIMS: To investigate the role played by amniotic fluid in late fetal nutrition by analysis of infants born with digestive tract atresia. METHODS: Birth weight (BW), gestational age and gender of infants born with oesophageal (OA), duodenal (DA), jejunal (JA) and ileal atresia (IA) were recorded and BW Z-scores compared. Infants with incomplete obstruction (stenosis), chromosomal or syndromic conditions and multiple congenital malformations were excluded. Term infants admitted with suspected postnatal intestinal obstruction in whom no congenital malformation was found were used as a control group...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643127/breastfeeding-rates-at-discharge-don-t-blame-the-fortifier-a-national-survey-of-practice-and-comparison-with-nnap-data
#11
Samantha Stiles, Laura de Rooy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643126/case-of-membranous-oesophageal-atresia
#12
Jia-Liang Zhou, Wu-Ping Ge, Xiao-Chun Zhu, Yuan-Long Fang, Tao Song, Song Tian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636385/safety-of-meningococcal-group-b-vaccination-in-hospitalised-premature-infants
#13
Alison Kent, Kazim Beebeejaun, Serena Braccio, Seilesh Kadambari, Paul Clarke, Paul T Heath, Shamez Ladhani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of significant adverse events in premature infants receiving the novel 4-component group B meningococcal vaccine (4CMenB) with their routine immunisations at 2 months of age. PARTICIPANTS, DESIGN AND SETTING: In December 2015, Public Health England requested neonatal units across England to voluntarily participate in a national audit; 19 units agreed to participate. Anonymised questionnaires were completed for infants receiving 4CMenB alongside their routine immunisations...
April 10, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636384/trainees-success-rates-with-intubation-to-suction-meconium-at-birth
#14
Marie-Ève Robinson, Ileana Diaz, Nicholas James Barrowman, Nicole Huneault-Purney, Brigitte Lemyre, Nicole Rouvinez-Bouali
OBJECTIVES: To assess the success rate and main reasons for failure of intubation performed by medical trainees to suction meconium below the vocal cords in non-vigorous infants delivered at ≥36 week gestation. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study involving 54 residents and nine neonatology fellows in a Canadian level 3 neonatal intensive care unit. Endotracheal intubation to suction meconium was performed using a videolaryngoscope, the video screen being covered during the procedure...
April 10, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626072/improving-endotracheal-tube-placement-in-neonates
#15
Anip Garg, Ajay Kumar Sinha, Stephen Terence Kempley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626071/postnatal-steroids-still-a-dilemma-for-neonatologists-and-parents
#16
EDITORIAL
Henry L Halliday
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588296/estimating-neonatal-length-of-stay-for-babies-born-very-preterm
#17
Sarah E Seaton, Lisa Barker, Elizabeth S Draper, Keith R Abrams, Neena Modi, Bradley N Manktelow
OBJECTIVE: To predict length of stay in neonatal care for all admissions of very preterm singleton babies. SETTING: All neonatal units in England. PATIENTS: Singleton babies born at 24-31 weeks gestational age from 2011 to 2014. Data were extracted from the National Neonatal Research Database. METHODS: Competing risks methods were used to investigate the competing outcomes of death in neonatal care or discharge from the neonatal unit...
March 27, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588295/early-onset-neonatal-infections-in-australia-and-new-zealand-2002-2012
#18
Tarun Singh, Elizabeth H Barnes, David Isaacs
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) varies over time, and requires regular surveillance. OBJECTIVE: To analyse data on EONS in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data collected longitudinally from multiple neonatal units from 2002 to 2012. RESULTS: Of 386 423 live births, 454 infants had EONS. The incidence rate of EONS was 1.20 per 1000 live births in 2002 and 0...
March 27, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567818/unexpected-heart-block-in-the-delivery-room-the-utility-of-ecg-monitoring
#19
Birju A Shah, Edgardo Szyld, Anne G Wlodaver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563149/omphalocele-from-diagnosis-to-growth-and-development-at-2-years-of-age
#20
Annelieke Hijkoop, Nina C J Peters, Rosan L Lechner, Yolande van Bever, Annabel P J M van Gils-Frijters, Dick Tibboel, René M H Wijnen, Titia E Cohen-Overbeek, Hanneke IJsselstijn
OBJECTIVES: To compare the prenatal frame of reference of omphalocele (ie, survival of fetuses) with that after birth (ie, survival of liveborn neonates), and to assess physical growth and neurodevelopment in children with minor or giant omphalocele up to 2 years of age. DESIGN: We included fetuses and neonates diagnosed in 2000-2012. Physical growth (SD scores, SDS) and mental and motor development at 12 and 24 months were analysed using general linear models, and outcomes were compared with reference norms...
March 21, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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