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Archives of Disease in Childhood

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146572/cognitive-trajectories-from-infancy-to-early-adulthood-following-birth-before-26-weeks-of-gestation-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Louise Linsell, Samantha Johnson, Dieter Wolke, Helen O'Reilly, Joan K Morris, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Neil Marlow
OBJECTIVE: To determine the trajectory of cognitive test scores from infancy to adulthood in individuals born extremely preterm compared with term-born individuals. DESIGN: A prospective, population-based cohort study. SETTING: 276 maternity units in the UK and Ireland. PATIENTS: 315 surviving infants born less than 26 completed weeks of gestation recruited at birth in 1995 and 160 term-born classroom controls recruited at age 6...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146571/using-schwartz-center-rounds-to-promote-compassionate-care-in-a-children-s-hospital
#2
Jan Hughes, Alistair J Duff, John W L Puntis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138132/the-little-prince-a-glimpse-into-the-world-of-autism
#3
Jean-Francois Lemay, Genevieve Eastabrook, Heather MacKenzie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127100/how-does-pollution-damage-children-s-health
#4
Robert Scott-Jupp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127099/individualised-advance-care-planning-in-children-with-life-limiting-conditions
#5
Erik A H Loeffen, Wim J E Tissing, Meggi A Schuiling-Otten, Chris C de Kruiff, Leontien C M Kremer, A A Eduard Verhagen
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the Pediatric Association of the Netherlands launched an evidence-based guideline 'Palliative care for children'. To promote implementation in daily practice and hereby improve quality of paediatric palliative care, we aimed to develop a functional individualised paediatric palliative care plan (IPPCP) that covers physical, psychological, spiritual and social functioning, with great emphasis on the guideline's recommendations, advance care planning and patients' and parents' preferences and desires...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127098/long-term-follow-up-after-bilateral-percutaneous-epiphysiodesis-around-the-knee-to-reduce-excessive-predicted-final-height
#6
EDITORIAL
Peter C Hindmarsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122741/family-integrated-care-changing-the-culture-in-the-neonatal-unit
#7
Neil Patel, Ainsley Ballantyne, Gillian Bowker, Jack Weightman, Sarah Weightman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117965/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-d-dimer-in-children
#8
Jessica Kanis, Cassandra L Hall, Jonathan Pike, Jeffrey A Kline
BACKGROUND: We sought to measure the diagnostic accuracy of D-dimer in children with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: We queried our electronic medical record for quantitative D-dimer values obtained in all children ages 5-17 over 10 years in our 10-hospital system. Patients who had a D-dimer obtained in the evaluation of PE underwent supervised chart review to extract baseline demographics (age, sex, ethnicity), medical history, laboratory data and imaging results...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117964/clinical-characteristics-of-children-evaluated-for-suspected-pulmonary-embolism-with-d-dimer-testing
#9
Jessica Kanis, Jonathan Pike, Cassandra L Hall, Jeffrey A Kline
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine clinical variables in children tested for suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) that predict PE+ outcome for the development of paediatric PE prediction rule. METHODS: Data were collected by query of a laboratory database for D-dimer from January 2004 to December 2014 for a large multicentre hospital system and the radiology database for pulmonary vascular imaging in children aged 5-17. Using explicit, predefined methods, trained abstractors, determined if D-dimer was sent in the evaluation of PE and then recorded predictor data which was tested for association with PE+ outcome using univariate techniques...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113967/clinical-characteristics-of-children-presenting-with-a-suspicion-or-allegation-of-historic-sexual-abuse
#10
Sarah Al-Jilaihawi, Kevin Borg, Katharine Jamieson, Sabine Maguire, Deborah Hodes
INTRODUCTION: Police-recorded sexual offences against children and young people (CYP) increased 85% in the UK between 2010/2011 and 2014/2015. Many children delay disclosure, but little data are available regarding characteristics of CYP presenting with historic child sexual abuse (CSA). AIM: To identify the clinical and CSA-related characteristics of CYP presenting with a suspicion or allegation of historic CSA. METHOD: Data were collected on all CYP<17 years presenting with suspected or alleged historic CSA (ie, >3 days since last sexual assault in prepubertal children, >7 days pubertal girls) between October 2009 and November 2014...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113966/cystic-fibrosis-newborn-screening-outcome-of-infants-with-normal-sweat-tests
#11
Claire Edmondson, Christopher Grime, Ammani Prasad, Jacqui Cowlard, Chinedu E C Nwokoro, Gary Ruiz, Colin Wallis, Ian M Balfour-Lynn
Newborn babies positively screened for cystic fibrosis (CF) (high serum immunoreactive trypsin (IRT) with DNA analysis) are referred for a diagnostic sweat test, which may be normal (sweat chloride <30 mmol/L). Unless two gene mutations are identified during Newborn screening (NBS), the babies are discharged from follow-up. We wished to check that none had subsequently developed symptoms suggestive of CF. We retrospectively reviewed patient notes and contacted general practitioners of all babies with a negative sweat test, conducted in one of the four paediatric specialist CF centres in London, over the first 6 years of screening in South East England...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104181/evaluation-of-newborn-sickle-cell-screening-programme-in-england-2010-2016
#12
Allison Streetly, Rupa Sisodia, Moira Dick, Radoslav Latinovic, Kirsty Hounsell, Elizabeth Dormandy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate England's NHS newborn sickle cell screening programme performance in children up to the age of 5 years. DESIGN: Cohort of resident infants with sickle cell disease (SCD) born between 1 September 2010 and 31 August 2015 and followed until August 2016. PARTICIPANTS: 1317 infants with SCD were notified to the study from all centres in England and 1313 (99%) were followed up. INTERVENTIONS: Early enrolment in clinical follow-up, parental education and routine penicillin prophylaxis...
November 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102964/oral-injuries-and-occult-harm-in-children-evaluated-for-abuse
#13
Molly V Dorfman, James B Metz, Kenneth W Feldman, Reid Farris, Daniel M Lindberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of occult trauma in children with oral injury evaluated for physical abuse. DESIGN: This was a retrospectively planned secondary analysis of a prospective, observational study. SETTING: Emergency departments supported by 20 US child abuse teams in the Examining Siblings to Recognize Abuse (ExSTRA) network. PATIENTS: Children <120 months old evaluated for physical abuse. INTERVENTIONS: Analysis of index children with oral injury on initial examination...
November 4, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102963/a-forward-view-for-child-health-integrating-across-the-system-to-improve-health-and-reduce-hospital-attendances-for-children-and-young-people
#14
EDITORIAL
Russell M Viner, Dougal S Hargreaves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097368/early-academic-achievement-in-children-with-isolated-clefts-a-population-based-study-in-england
#15
Kate Jane Fitzsimons, Lynn P Copley, Efrosini Setakis, Susan C Charman, Scott A Deacon, Lorraine Dearden, Jan H van der Meulen
OBJECTIVES: We used national data to study differences in academic achievement between 5-year-old children with an isolated oral cleft and the general population. We also assessed differences by cleft type. METHODS: Children born in England with an oral cleft were identified in a national cleft registry. Their records were linked to databases of hospital admissions (to identify additional anomalies) and educational outcomes. Z-scores (signed number of SD actual score is above national average) were calculated to make outcome scores comparable across school years and across six assessed areas (personal development, communication and language, maths, knowledge of world, physical development andcreative development)...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089319/is-vitamin-d-useful-in-the-treatment-of-growing-pains
#16
Ben McNaughten, Lynne Speirs, Paul Moriarty, Andrew Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089318/comparative-analysis-of-the-scope-of-european-union-paediatric-investigation-plans-with-corresponding-orphan-designations
#17
Andrea Ecker, Segundo Mariz, Frauke Naumann-Winter, Koenraad Norga, Ingeborg Barisic, Thomas Girard, Paolo Tomasi, Dirk Mentzer, Bruno Sepodes
BACKGROUND: Market forces may not be sufficient to stimulate research and development of medicines for small patient populations, such as children and patients with rare diseases. Both the European Union Orphan and Paediatric Regulations were introduced to address the unmet public health needs of these smaller patient populations through the use of incentives, rewards and obligations. Developers for new medicines for rare diseases must agree a paediatric investigation plan (PIP) or waiver with the European Medicines Agency's (EMA) Paediatric Committee (PDCO), and can also apply for an orphan designation (OD) from the EMA's Committee of Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP)...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089317/diagnostic-accuracy-of-three-clinical-dehydration-scales-a-systematic-review
#18
Anna Falszewska, Hania Szajewska, Piotr Dziechciarz
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess the diagnostic accuracy of the Clinical Dehydration Scale (CDS), the WHO Scale and the Gorelick Scale in identifying dehydration in children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE). DESIGN: Three databases, two registers of clinical trials and the reference lists from identified articles were searched for diagnostic accuracy studies in children with AGE. The index tests were the CDS, WHO Scale and Gorelick Scale, and reference standard was the percentage loss of body weight...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089316/power-and-precision-in-research
#19
REVIEW
Angie Wade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089315/sleep-if-you-can
#20
EDITORIAL
Helen Leonard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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