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Archives of Disease in Childhood

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104626/deformational-plagiocephaly-in-normal-infants-a-systematic-review-of-causes-and-hypotheses
#1
Freia De Bock, Volker Braun, Herbert Renz-Polster
BACKGROUND: Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is one of the most prevalent abnormal findings in infants and a frequent reason for parents to seek paediatric advice. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature and identify evidence and hypotheses on the aetiology and determinants of DP in otherwise healthy infants. DESIGN: Systematic keyword search in all major biomedical databases to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting (a) empirical research or (b) hypotheses on the aetiology of DP in healthy, term infants...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104625/natural-course-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-in-adolescents
#2
Tom Norris, Simon M Collin, Kate Tilling, Roberto Nuevo, Stephen A Stansfeld, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Jon Heron, Esther Crawley
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about persistence of or recovery from chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) in adolescents. Previous studies have small sample sizes, short follow-up or have focused on fatigue rather than CFS/ME or, equivalently, chronic fatigue, which is disabling. This work aimed to describe the epidemiology and natural course of CFS/ME in adolescents aged 13-18 years. DESIGN: Longitudinal follow-up of adolescents enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104624/youtube-are-parent-uploaded-videos-of-their-unwell-children-a-useful-source-of-medical-information-for-other-parents
#3
Katie Knight, Dorothy M van Leeuwen, Damian Roland, Henriette A Moll, Rianne Oostenbrink
AIMS: YouTube is a vast source of freely accessible user-uploaded medical information. To our knowledge no study has analysed the quality of parent-uploaded videos which depict illness in their children. We aimed to investigate the quality and quantity of videos representing two common conditions, croup and dehydration. METHOD: YouTube was searched using the search terms 'croup+child' and 'dehydration+child'. The first 400 videos of each search were screened. Videos created by doctors or by educational institutions were excluded...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100462/cervical-lung-herniation
#4
Giorgia Bottaro, Paolo Tomà, Marco Masci, Ippolita Rana, Paola Sabrina Buonuomo, Marina Macchiaiolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096107/the-polio-endgame-rationale-behind-the-change-in-immunisation
#5
Julie Garon, Manish Patel
The decades long effort to eradicate polio is nearing the final stages and oral polio vaccine (OPV) is much to thank for this success. As cases of wild poliovirus continue to dwindle, cases of paralysis associated with OPV itself have become a concern. As type-2 poliovirus (one of three) has been certified eradicated and a large proportion of OPV-related paralysis is caused by the type-2 component of OPV, the World Health Assembly endorsed the phased withdrawal of OPV and the introduction of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into routine immunisation schedules as a crucial step in the polio endgame plan...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096106/non-accidental-injury-or-congenital-infection
#6
Anne-Laure Hérissé, Christine Chiaverini, Thomas Hubiche, Antoine Tran, Jennifer Rondel, Olivier Rosello, Lisa Giovannini-Chami, Hervé Haas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096105/the-value-of-paediatric-assessment-in-historic-child-sexual-abuse
#7
Sarah Al-Jilaihawi, Kevin Borg, Sabine Maguire, Deborah Hodes
INTRODUCTION: A perception exists that there are few benefits of a paediatric assessment in historic child sexual abuse (CSA), as the likelihood of finding forensic evidence is low. AIM: To determine the value of a comprehensive paediatric assessment in a dedicated clinic for children and young people who present following suspicion or allegation of historic CSA. METHOD: All children with suspected or alleged historic CSA, defined as >7 days after the last episode of sexual assault in pubertal girls, or >3 days for prepubertal girls and all boys, were assessed in a specialised paediatric clinic...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096104/recent-developments-in-the-surgical-management-of-paediatric-epilepsy
#8
REVIEW
Vijay M Ravindra, Matthew T Sweney, Robert J Bollo
Among the 1% of children affected by epilepsy, failure of pharmacological therapy and early age of seizure onset can lead to worse long-term cognitive outcomes, mental health disorders and impaired functional status. Surgical management often improves functional and cognitive outcomes in children with medically refractory epilepsy, especially when seizure remission is achieved. However, surgery remains underused in children with drug-resistant epilepsy, creating a large treatment gap. Several recent innovations have led to considerable improvement in surgical technique, including the recent development of minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic techniques such as stereotactic EEG, transcranial magnetic stimulation, MRI-guided laser ablation, as well as novel paradigms of neurostimulation...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096103/failure-and-success-in-severe-gastrointestinal-disease-complicating-neurodisability-who-is-at-the-end-of-the-line
#9
EDITORIAL
John W L Puntis, Michelle Hills
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096102/nihr-clinical-research-networks-what-they-do-and-how-they-help-paediatric-research
#10
REVIEW
Hanna Lythgoe, Victoria Price, Vanessa Poustie, Sabah Attar, Daniel Hawcutt, Jennifer Preston, Michael W Beresford
This review provides paediatricians with an update on the new structure of the National Institute for Health Research's (NIHR) Clinical Research Network (CRN): Children and its role within the wider NIHR infrastructure. The network supports delivery of high-quality research within the NHS in England and supports researchers, through provision of staff and resources, with feasibility, site set-up, patient recruitment and study management. Since 2013, over 80% of commercial contract studies running within the UK sat within the UKCRN Portfolio...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096101/advancing-child-health-research-in-the-uk-the-royal-college-of-paediatrics-and-child-health-infants-children-s-and-young-people-s-research-charter
#11
EDITORIAL
Lindsey Hunter, Emma Sparrow, Neena Modi, Anne Greenough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093397/are-we-doing-ineffective-cpr
#12
EDITORIAL
Lisa A DelSignore, Robert C Tasker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082322/headache-chiari-malformation-type-1-and-treatment-options
#13
EDITORIAL
Ishaq Abu-Arafeh, Emer Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082321/female-genital-mutilation-in-children-presenting-to-australian-paediatricians
#14
Yvonne Zurynski, Amy Phu, Premala Sureshkumar, Sarah Cherian, Marie Deverell, Elizabeth J Elliott
OBJECTIVE: The WHO reports that female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is an ancient cultural practice prevalent in many countries. FGM/C has been reported among women resident in Australia. Our paper provides the first description of FGM/C in Australian children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducted in April-June 2014. SETTING: Paediatricians and other child health specialists recruited through the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit were asked to report children aged <18 years with FGM/C seen in the last 5 years, and to provide data for demographics, FGM/C type, complications and referral for each case...
January 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082320/red-palms-associated-with-adenovirus-gastroenteritis
#15
J H Chong, D Mermin, A Marti, M E Lafon, A S Dutkiewicz, C Léauté-Labrèze, F Boralevi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073741/learning-from-excellence-and-patient-safety-incidents
#16
LETTER
Jennifer Cooper, Natalie MacLeod, Huw Williams, Andrew Carson-Stevens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073740/what-can-eye-tracking-tell-us
#17
EDITORIAL
James P Boardman, Sue Fletcher-Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052882/ethnic-differences-in-coeliac-disease-autoimmunity-in-childhood-the-generation-r-study
#18
Michelle A E Jansen, Sytske A Beth, Diana van den Heuvel, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Hein Raat, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Menno C van Zelm, Henriette A Moll
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify whether ethnic differences in coeliac disease autoimmunity (CDA) in children at 6 years of age exist, and when present, to evaluate how these differences may be explained by sociodemographic and environmental factors. DESIGN: This study was embedded within a multi-ethnic population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PATIENTS: 4442 six-year-old children born between 2002 and 2006 were included. Information on ethnicity, environmental and lifestyle characteristics was assessed by questionnaires...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052881/headache-outcomes-in-children-undergoing-foramen-magnum-decompression-for-chiari-i-malformation
#19
Saba Raza-Knight, Kshitij Mankad, Prab Prabhakar, Dominic Thompson
OBJECTIVE: A common symptom of Chiari I malformation (CIM) is headache, which is diagnosed using non-validated criteria from the International Headache Society (IHS). CIM-associated headaches should resolve following neurosurgical treatment of the malformation by foramen magnum decompression (FMD). We aimed to validate the IHS criteria and determine (1) the efficacy of FMD in treating headache and (2) whether duraplasty confers an advantage over simple bony decompression in the treatment of this symptom...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039146/recruitment-and-retention-in-paediatrics-challenges-opportunities-and-practicalities
#20
Hannah Jacob, Shanthi Shanmugalingam, Camilla Kingdon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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