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Archives of Disease in Childhood

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932376/what-triggers-puberty
#1
EDITORIAL
Ken K Ong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919886/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-one-centre-s-experience
#2
Elise Weir, Paul D Burns, Anne Devenny, David Young, James Y Paton
BACKGROUND: While exercise testing is increasingly used as a prognostic indicator in cystic fibrosis (CF), it is reported to be underused in UK CF centres, particularly in children. Here, we evaluated the cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) results in children and young people with CF at CF annual review and its possible clinical value. METHOD: An observational study comparing CPET results using a cycle ergometer ramp test (peak oxygen uptake (Vo2peak)) and pulmonary function (forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)) was performed with body mass index (BMI) used as a disease severity marker...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919885/-i-have-to-live-with-the-decisions-i-make-laying-a-foundation-for-decision-making-for-children-with-life-limiting-conditions-and-life-threatening-illnesses
#3
REVIEW
Myra Bluebond-Langner, Darren Hargrave, Ellen M Henderson, Richard Langner
The relationship between parents and clinician is critical to the care and treatment of children with life-limiting conditions (LLCs) and life-threatening illnesses (LTIs). This relationship is built and maintained largely in consultations. In this article we lay out factors that bear on the success of clinical consultations and the maintenance of the essential clinician-parent relationship at progression or deterioration of LLCs or LTIs. We suggest an approach to engaging parents in conversations about care and treatment that recognises and appreciates the dilemmas which clinicians and parents face and in so doing provides a way for everyone to live with the decisions that are made...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913382/an-extensive-spinal-cord-lesion-tumour-or-inflammation
#4
Rohini R Rattihalli, Andrew A Mallick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881380/vulvar-inflammation-a-presentation-of-crohn-s-disease
#5
Carla Ferreira, Joana Soares, Tiago Maia, Joana Pardal, Ana Nogueira, Marta Tavares, Eunice Trindade, Jorge Amil Dias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881379/art-therapy-with-a-child-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#6
S McGregor, M Morton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881378/cardiac-arrest-outcomes-and-the-weekend-effect
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881377/oxygen-saturation-of-children-in-pakistan-s-high-mountain-pastoral-communities
#8
LETTER
Spenta Kakalia, Adnan Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881376/question-1-is-permissive-hypercapnia-beneficial-to-preterm-infants
#9
Murwan Omer, Eleanor J Molloy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881375/a-premenarcheal-girl-with-urogenital-bleeding
#10
Angela Lora, Federica Scrimin, Andrea Taddio, Alessandro Ventura, Egidio Barbi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879240/adrenal-suppression-with-glucocorticoid-therapy-still-a-problem-after-all-these-years
#11
EDITORIAL
Elizabeth Bayman, Amanda J Drake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872046/pituitary-dysfunction-after-traumatic-brain-injury-are-there-definitive-data-in-children
#12
REVIEW
Paula Casano-Sancho
In the past decade, several studies in adults and children have described the risk of pituitary dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI). As a result, an international consensus statement recommended follow-up on the survivors. This paper reviews published studies regarding hypopituitarism after TBI in children and compares their results. The prevalence of hypopituitarism ranges from 5% to 57%. Growth hormone (GH) and ACTH deficiency are the most common, followed by gonadotropins and thyroid-stimulating hormone...
November 21, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864289/immunotherapy-for-arterial-ischaemic-stroke-in-childhood-a-systematic-review
#13
Hannah B Edwards, Andrew A Mallick, Finbar J K O'Callaghan
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence about either prevention or treatment of childhood arterial ischaemic stroke (AIS). However, drugs that regulate the immune and inflammatory response could theoretically prevent occurrence or recurrence of AIS. Additionally, as an acute treatment, they may limit the neurological damage caused by AIS. Here, we systematically review the evidence on the use of immunotherapy in childhood AIS. DESIGN: A systematic review of publications in databases Embase and Medline from inception...
November 18, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856408/an-effective-treatment-for-autism
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852581/management-of-children-and-young-people-with-vision-impairment-diagnosis-developmental-challenges-and-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Sue Keil, Alistair Fielder, Jenefer Sargent
Vision impairment (VI) has a significant impact on an individual's ability to engage with everyday tasks. Severe early-onset VI presents different challenges to adult onset visual loss since reduced visual input presents a major obstacle to the acquisition and development of fundamental developmental skills in early and later childhood. Early referral of the child with reduced vision is vital to ensure accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment of any modifiable aspects of the condition. Guidance to ensure optimisation of developmental opportunity through adaptation of play and care is vital from the earliest stages...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836827/health-profiles-of-overweight-and-obese-youth-attending-general-practice
#16
Winifred D Paulis, Millicent Palmer, Patty Chondros, Sylvia Kauer, Marienke van Middelkoop, Lena A Sanci
BACKGROUND: Literature suggests that overweight and obese young people use healthcare services more often, but this awaits confirmation in primary care. OBJECTIVE: To identify health profiles of underweight, overweight and obese young people attending general practice and compare them to normal-weight youth and also to explore the weight-related health risks of eating and exercise behaviour in the four different weight categories. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with baseline data from a trial including 683 young people (14-24 years of age) presenting to general practice...
November 11, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836826/brunner-s-gland-hyperplasia-causing-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-a-3-year-old-child
#17
Lucy Henderson, Cathy Richards, Anne Willmott, Haitham Dagash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836825/intestinal-failure-in-children-and-young-people-with-neurodisabling-conditions
#18
REVIEW
Amar M Wahid, Colin V Powell, Ieuan H Davies, Jennifer A Evans, Huw R Jenkins
Gastrointestinal dysmotility is common in children and young people with neurodisabling conditions. In this article we seek to highlight the increasing difficulties faced by paediatricians in managing intestinal failure in this patient group. It is becoming clear that, as the median age for survival increases, intestinal failure is a significant problem, and can in some cases become life-limiting. The ethical issues around starting children with life-limiting conditions on parenteral nutrition (PN) are extremely complicated, not least because we are ignorant of the mechanism of intestinal failure in these children, and indeed, which of these children might be able to return to enteral feeding after a period of PN...
November 11, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821519/hyperhomocysteinaemia-in-children-receiving-phenytoin-and-carbamazepine-monotherapy-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#19
Saravanan Chandrasekaran, Sooraj Patil, Renu Suthar, Savita Verma Attri, Jitendra Kumar Sahu, Naveen Sankhyan, Mini Tageja, Pratibha Singhi
OBJECTIVE: Long-term therapy with phenytoin and carbamazepine is known to cause hyperhomocysteinaemia. We evaluated the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinaemia in North Indian children receiving phenytoin or carbamazepine monotherapy for >6 months duration and the effect of folic acid supplementation on plasma homocysteine. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study we enrolled consecutive children aged 2-12 years with epilepsy who had received phenytoin or carbamazepine monotherapy for >6 months...
November 7, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821518/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-overdiagnosed-or-diagnoses-missed
#20
REVIEW
Eric Taylor
The prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is about 5% of the child population, and it carries risks for mental health, educational and personal dysfunction, antisociality and death. The diagnosis in practice is made with remarkable differences in frequency between nations. Low rates in the UK, by comparison with research estimates, suggest that the condition may often be missed in clinical practice; the reasons are considered.
November 7, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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