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Annals of Surgical Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534080/pathologic-complete-response-rates-after-neoadjuvant-treatment-in-rectal-cancer-an-analysis-of-the-national-cancer-database
#1
Patrick D Lorimer, Benjamin M Motz, Russell C Kirks, Danielle M Boselli, Kendall K Walsh, Roshan S Prabhu, Joshua S Hill, Jonathan C Salo
BACKGROUND: Pathologic complete response (pCR) of rectal cancer following neoadjuvant therapy is associated with decreased local recurrence and increased overall survival. This study utilizes a national dataset to identify predictors of pCR in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for patients with nonmetastatic rectal cancer (2004-2014) who underwent neoadjuvant therapy and surgical resection. Unadjusted associations were assessed using rank-sum tests and χ (2) tests where appropriate...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534079/failure-to-treat-audit-of-an-institutional-cancer-registry-database-at-a-large-comprehensive-cancer-center-reveals-factors-affecting-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-cancer
#2
Jennifer L Miller-Ocuin, Mazen S Zenati, Lee M Ocuin, Patrick R Varley, Stephanie M Novak, Sharon Winters, Amer H Zureikat, Herbert J Zeh, Melissa E Hogg
BACKGROUND: National Cancer Database analysis showed 70% of patients with stage I pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDA) did not have surgery. We sought to analyze adherence to expected treatment (ET) by stage for PDA and identify factors that led to no treatment (NT) or unexpected treatment (UT) in a recent cohort. METHODS: Using our Institutional Cancer Registry (ICR), we identified patients with PDA from 2004 to 2013. ET was defined as surgery ± chemotherapy ± radiation for stages I and II, chemotherapy ± radiation for stage III, and chemotherapy for stage IV, while UT was defined as no surgery for stages I and II, surgery for stage III, or ± surgery ± XRT for stage IV...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534078/melanoma-surgery-why-don-t-we-let-the-guidelines-guide-practice
#3
EDITORIAL
Ravinder Kang, Sandra L Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516292/limax-test-improves-diagnosis-of-chemotherapy-associated-liver-injury-before-resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastases
#4
Johan F Lock, Tilman Westphal, Tom Rubin, Maciej Malinowski, Antje Schulz, Maximilian Jara, Jan Bednarsch, Martin Stockmann
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy of colorectal liver metastases (CLMs) prior to liver resection implies the risk of chemotherapy-associated liver injury, leading to increased postoperative morbidity and mortality OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the LiMAx (liver maximum capacity) test for diagnosis of chemotherapy-associated liver injury. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with CLMs, prior to liver resection. We performed preoperative assessment of liver function using biochemical parameters and the LiMAx test...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516291/downstaging-in-stage-iv-pancreatic-cancer-a-new-population-eligible-for-surgery
#5
Isabella Frigerio, Paolo Regi, Alessandro Giardino, Filippo Scopelliti, Roberto Girelli, Claudio Bassi, Stefano Gobbo, Paolo Tinazzi Martini, Paola Capelli, Mirko D'Onofrio, Giuseppe Malleo, Laura Maggino, Elena Viviani, Giovanni Butturini
BACKGROUND: Recent papers consider surgery as an option for synchronous liver oligometastatic patients [metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (mPDAC)]. In this study, we present our series of resected mPDACs after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients resected after downstaging of mPDAC were included in this study. Downstaging criteria were disappearance of liver metastasis and a decrease in cancer antigen (CA) 19-9. The type and duration of nCT, last nCT surgery interval, histology, morbidity, and mortality were recorded, and overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516290/comparison-of-long-term-outcomes-after-non-curative-endoscopic-resection-in-older-patients-with-early-gastric-cancer
#6
Jeung Hui Pyo, Hyuk Lee, Byung-Hoon Min, Jun Haeng Lee, Kyoung-Mee Kim, Heejin Yoo, Soohyun Ahn, Ji Yeong An, Min Gew Choi, Jun Ho Lee, Tae Sung Sohn, Jae Moon Bae, Jae J Kim, Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist that describe the long-term outcomes from additional surgery following non-curative endoscopic resection (ER) of early gastric cancer (EGC) in older people. This study aimed to determine the appropriate treatment strategy for these patients. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2895 patients who underwent ER for EGC, of whom 451 (15.6%) had non-curative resections followed by curative surgery or surveillance only. Of these patients, 138 were older (aged ≥70 years)...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510799/practical-surgical-techniques-for-lymphadenectomy-along-the-right-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-during-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-in-the-prone-position
#7
Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Yukiko Miura, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Masashi Yamamoto, Shingo Kanaji, Kimihiro Yamashita, Yoshiko Matsuda, Takeru Matsuda, Yasuo Sumi, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: In esophageal squamous cell cancer (SCC), lymphadenectomy along the right recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is important for disease control. The metastatic rate was 33% and the 5-year overall survival rate of these patients was 33.3%,1 but the risk of RLN palsy increases.2 We reported a reliable new method ('Pincers Maneuver')3 for lymphadenectomy along the right RLN during thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position (TEP), and hereby present our video, aimed at providing a complete and safe dissection...
May 16, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510798/total-laparoscopic-management-for-stage-iv-colorectal-cancer-requiring-multivisceral-resection
#8
Y Nancy You, Hironori Shiozaki, Jeffrey E Lee, Guillaume Passot, Claire Goumard, Masayuki Okuno, Thomas A Aloia, Cathy Eng, George Chang, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection of all sites of disease, in combination with effective systemic chemotherapy, offers the only potential chance for cure for patients with stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC). Coordinated multistage resection using a minimally invasive approach may provide optimal oncologic outcome while potentially offering the benefit of decreased morbidity. PATIENT: A 66-year-old women presented with transverse colon cancer and synchronous metastasis (CRLM) in segment IV involving the middle hepatic vein and main left portal pedicle, as well as the left adrenal gland...
May 16, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508146/laparoscopic-parenchymal-sparing-liver-resections-using-the-intrahepatic-glissonian-approach
#9
Marcel Autran C Machado, R Surjan, T Basseres, F Makdissi
BACKGROUND: One of the main criticisms of laparoscopic liver resection is that it is difficult, or not possible, to perform liver-sparing resections. Our aim was to present short videos where the intrahepatic Glissonian approach was used to perform anatomical liver segmental resections, instead of a larger operation, to avoid unnecessary sacrifice of the liver parenchyma. METHODS: We selected six types of anatomical liver resections to exemplify the use of the intrahepatic Glissonian approach to perform segment-oriented liver resections...
May 15, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508145/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-for-recurrent-melanoma-a-multicenter-study
#10
Georgia M Beasley, Yinin Hu, Linda Youngwirth, Randall P Scheri, April K Salama, Kara Rossfeld, Syed Gardezi, Doreen M Agnese, J Harrison Howard, Douglas S Tyler, Craig L Slingluff, Alicia M Terando
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is routinely performed for primary cutaneous melanomas; however, limited data exist for SLNB after locally recurrent (LR) or in-transit (IT) melanoma. METHODS: Data from three centers performing SLNB for LR/IT melanoma (1997 to the present) were reviewed, with the aim of assessing (1) success rate; (2) SLNB positivity; and (3) prognostic value of SLNB in this population. RESULTS: The study cohort included 107 patients...
May 15, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508144/radical-lymph-node-dissection-along-the-proximal-splenic-artery-during-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-using-the-left-lateral-approach
#11
Shingo Kanaji, Satoshi Suzuki, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshiko Matsuda, Kimihiro Yamashita, Takeru Matsuda, Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Yasuo Sumi, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: Recent technical improvements allow safe laparoscopic lymph node dissection (LND) in gastric cancer.1 (,) 2 In suprapancreatic LND, careful LND around the celiac artery (CA) is essential. From a patient's right side, deep LND is performed around the right side of the CA after dissecting around the common hepatic artery (CHA). For LND around the left side of the CA on the same operative axis as the right side, we developed a new procedure for LND along the proximal splenic artery (SA), performed from the patient's left side...
May 15, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497197/erratum-to-management-of-recurrent-retroperitoneal-sarcoma-rps-in-the-adult-a-consensus-approach-from-the-trans-atlantic-rps-working-group
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488153/reconstruction-outcomes-of-oncologic-foot-defect-using-well-contoured-free-perforator-flaps
#13
Kyeong-Tae Lee, Sun-June Park, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of foot defects following oncologic resection is a crucial element in the treatment of soft tissue malignancy of the foot. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to comprehensively evaluate outcomes of oncologic foot reconstruction using free perforator flaps. METHODS: Outcomes of patients with soft tissue malignancy of the foot who underwent reconstruction using a free perforator flap following ablative surgery were reviewed, and perioperative and delayed complications (secondary debulking operation and flap instability) were documented...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484921/preoperative-prediction-of-node-negative-disease-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-presenting-with-node-negative-or-node-positive-breast-cancer
#14
Brittany L Murphy, Tanya L Hoskin, Courtney Day N Heins, Elizabeth B Habermann, Judy C Boughey
BACKGROUND: Axillary node status after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) influences the axillary surgical staging procedure as well as recommendations regarding reconstruction and radiation. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to construct a clinical preoperative prediction model to identify the likelihood of patients being node negative after NAC. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Database (NCDB) from January 2010 to December 2012, we identified cT1-T4c, N0-N3 breast cancer patients treated with NAC...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477088/adverse-effects-of-low-preoperative-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-patients-undergoing-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#15
Katsunobu Sakurai, Naoshi Kubo, Tatsuro Tamura, Takahiro Toyokawa, Ryosuke Amano, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kazuya Muguruma, Masakazu Yashiro, Kiyoshi Maeda, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of preoperative skeletal muscle mass on short- and long-term outcomes of patients with gastric cancer (GC) who undergo gastrectomy. METHODS: A total of 569 patients subjected to gastrectomy for GC at our institution between January 2007 and December 2013 were reviewed and skeletal muscle index (SMI) was measured via cross-sectional, image-based muscle assessment. Computed tomography (CT) and the volume analyzer SYNAPSE VINCENT were required...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477087/exploring-the-underlying-mechanisms-of-the-volume-outcome-relationship-in-complex-cancer-care
#16
EDITORIAL
Ryan J Ellis, Ryan P Merkow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474197/computed-tomography-follow-up-assessment-of-patients-with-low-grade-appendiceal-mucinous-neoplasms-evaluation-of-risk-for-pseudomyxoma-peritonei
#17
Catarina Tiselius, Csaba Kindler, Jayant Shetye, Henry Letocha, Kenneth Smedh
BACKGROUND: Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms are rare. Both classification and management vary. This study aimed to follow up on patients with a diagnosis of LAMN after primary surgery with computer tomography (CT) scans to examine the risk for the development of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). METHODS: This population-based prospective study investigated patients who underwent appendectomy between 2007 and 2013 and had histology results demonstrating the presence of LAMN...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466403/impact-of-morphological-status-on-long-term-outcome-among-patients-undergoing-liver-surgery-for-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#18
Fabio Bagante, Gaya Spolverato, Matthew Weiss, Sorin Alexandrescu, Hugo P Marques, Luca Aldrighetti, Shishir K Maithel, Carlo Pulitano, Todd W Bauer, Feng Shen, George A Poultsides, Oliver Soubrane, Guillaume Martel, B Groot Koerkamp, Alfredo Guglielmi, Endo Itaru, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: The influence of morphological status on the long-term outcome of patients undergoing liver resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is poorly defined. We sought to study the impact of morphological status on overall survival (OS) of patients undergoing curative-intent resection for ICC. METHODS: A total of 1083 patients who underwent liver resection for ICC between 1990 and 2015 were identified. Data on clinicopathological characteristics, operative details, and morphological status were recorded and analyzed...
May 2, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466402/intragastric-single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-for-gastric-leiomyoma-a-stepwise-approach
#19
Jean-Baptiste Cazauran, Frederic Mercier, Arnaud Pasquer, Philippe Dominici, Eddy Cotte, Delphine Vaudoyer, Olivier Glehen, Guillaume Passot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455673/population-based-analysis-of-breast-cancer-incidence-and-survival-outcomes-in-women-diagnosed-with-lobular-carcinoma-in-situ
#20
Stephanie M Wong, Tari King, Jean-Francois Boileau, William T Barry, Mehra Golshan
PURPOSE: A diagnosis of lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is associated with an increased risk of developing breast cancer, although little data exist on long-term patient outcomes, including those who develop subsequent breast malignancies. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was used to identify women with a histological diagnosis of LCIS between 1983 and 2014. The incidence and clinicopathologic features of subsequent malignancies were then examined, and the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariable Cox PH regression used to obtain breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) estimates and associated hazard ratios...
April 28, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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