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Annals of Surgical Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432481/the-pretreatment-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-a-prognostic-determinant-of-t3-4-hypopharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Wu-Chia Lo, Chen-Tu Wu, Cheng-Ping Wang, Tsung-Lin Yang, Pei-Jen Lou, Jeng-Yuh Ko, Yih-Leong Chang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological factors that influence recurrence and survival in patients who undergo operations for T3-4 hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and five patients who underwent surgery between 2001 and 2008 for advanced hypopharyngeal SCCs were consecutively enrolled and reviewed. RESULTS: The pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR; median 3...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432480/predictive-value-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-for-axillary-lymph-node-metastasis-in-invasive-ductal-breast-cancer
#2
Bong-Il Song, Hae Won Kim, Kyoung Sook Won
BACKGROUND: This study assessed whether primary tumor maximum standardized uptake value (pSUVmax) measured by (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) could improve the prediction of axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis in invasive ductal breast cancer (IDC). METHODS: In this study, 128 IDC patients who underwent pretreatment (18)F-FDG PET/CT and surgical resection of primary tumor with sentinel lymph node biopsy, ALN dissection, or both were analyzed...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429197/axillary-micrometastases-and-isolated-tumor-cells-are-not-an-indication-for-post-mastectomy-radiotherapy-in-stage-1-and-2-breast-cancer
#3
Anita Mamtani, Sujata Patil, Michelle Stempel, Monica Morrow
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials demonstrate equivalent locoregional control with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) or axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) for T1-2 micrometastatic breast cancer, but include few mastectomy patients. Consensus is lacking on indications for post-mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) in this population. Herein, we evaluate locoregional recurrence (LRR) in an unselected, modern cohort of T1-2 breast cancer patients with micrometastases or isolated tumor cells (ITCs; N0i+/N1mi) having a mastectomy...
April 20, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429196/expression-of-programmed-cell-death-protein-1-by-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-and-tumor-cells-is-associated-with-advanced-tumor-stage-in-patients-with-esophageal-adenocarcinoma
#4
Dagmar Kollmann, Desislava Ignatova, Julia Jedamzik, Yun-Tsan Chang, Gerd Jomrich, Matthias Paireder, Ivan Kristo, Dmitry Kazakov, Michal Michal, Antonio Cozzio, Wolfram Hoetzenecker, Tobias Schatton, Reza Asari, Matthias Preusser, Emmanuella Guenova, Sebastian F Schoppmann
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in the therapy for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG), overall prognosis remains poor. Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1) is a co-inhibitory receptor primarily expressed by T-cells. Tumor cells can escape anticancer immune responses by triggering the PD1 pathway. Moreover, PD1 receptor engagement on cancer cells may trigger tumor-intrinsic growth signals. This study aimed to evaluate the potential clinical relevance of PD1 expression by tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and cancer cells in the AEG...
April 20, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424937/model-to-predict-cause-specific-mortality-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-a-competing-risk-analysis
#5
Weidong Shen, Naoko Sakamoto, Limin Yang
PURPOSE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the cumulative incidence of cause-specific death and other causes of death for patients with head and neck adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). The secondary aim was to model the probability of cause-specific death and build a competing risk nomogram to predict cause-specific mortality for this disease. METHODS: Data were extracted from the US National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-18 dataset...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424936/preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-versus-perioperative-chemotherapy-for-patients-with-resectable-esophageal-or-gastroesophageal-junction-adenocarcinoma
#6
M C J Anderegg, P C van der Sluis, J P Ruurda, S S Gisbertz, M C C M Hulshof, M van Vulpen, N Haj Mohammed, H W M van Laarhoven, M J Wiezer, M Los, M I van Berge Henegouwen, R van Hillegersberg
BACKGROUND: This study compares neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) with perioperative chemotherapy (pCT) for patients with resectable esophageal or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma in terms of toxicity, postoperative complications, pathologic response, and survival. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed and compared 313 patients with resectable esophageal or GEJ adenocarcinoma treated with either nCRT (carboplatin/paclitaxel 41.4 Gy, n = 176) or pCT (epirubicin, cisplatin and capecitabine, n = 137)...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417239/incidental-gallbladder-cancer-residual-cancer-discovered-at-oncologic-extended-resection-determines-outcome-a-report-from-high-and-low-incidence-countries
#7
Eduardo Vinuela, Eduardo A Vega, Suguru Yamashita, Marcel Sanhueza, Rosemarie Mege, Gabriel Cavada, Thomas A Aloia, Yun Shin Chun, Jeffrey E Lee, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer detected incidentally after cholecystectomy (IGBC) currently is the most common diagnosis of gallbladder cancer, and oncologic extended resection (OER) is recommended for tumors classified higher than T1b. However, the precise prognostic significance of residual cancer (RC) found at the time of OER has not been well established. This analysis aimed to determine the prognostic impact of RC found in patients with IGBC undergoing OER. METHODS: Outcomes for IGBC at a center for a low-incidence country (USA) and a high-incidence country (Chile) between January 1999 and June 2015 were analyzed...
April 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417238/bilateral-mastectomy-as-overtreatment-for-breast-cancer-in-women-age-forty-years-and-younger-with-unilateral-operable-invasive-breast-cancer
#8
Cory A Donovan, Jean Bao, Alexandra Gangi, Farin Amersi, Xiao Zhang, Armando E Giuliano, Alice P Chung
BACKGROUND: Young women with breast cancer (BC) have an increased risk of contralateral breast cancer (CBC) compared with older women. This may contribute to the rising rates of bilateral mastectomy (BM), but it is unclear if BM leads to improved outcomes. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database was reviewed. Patient and tumor characteristics, survival, and rate of CBC were compared in women age ≤40 years treated for unilateral Stage 1-3 BC from January 2000 through December 2013...
April 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411306/is-fecal-diversion-needed-in-pelvic-anastomoses-during-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec
#9
Matthew D Whealon, John V Gahagan, Sarath Sujatha-Baskar, Michael P O'Leary, Matthew Selleck, Sinziana Dumitra, Byrne Lee, Maheswari Senthil, Alessio Pigazzi
BACKGROUND: The role of fecal diversion with pelvic anastomosis during cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is not well defined. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent CRS and HIPEC between 2009 and 2016 was performed to identify those with a pelvic anastomosis (colorectal, ileorectal, or coloanal anastomosis). RESULTS: The study identified 73 patients who underwent CRS and HIPEC at three different institutions between July 2009 and June of 2016...
April 14, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405772/incidence-and-prognostic-value-of-metastases-to-posterior-and-para-aortic-lymph-nodes-in-resectable-gastric-cancer
#10
Daniele Marrelli, Francesco Ferrara, Simone Giacopuzzi, Paolo Morgagni, Alberto Di Leo, Lorenzo De Franco, Corrado Pedrazzani, Luca Saragoni, Giovanni De Manzoni, Franco Roviello
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence and prognostic value of metastases to "posterior" (8p, 12b/p, 13) and para-aortic lymph nodes in a large cohort of Western patients submitted to D2 plus lymphadenectomy. METHODS: Removal of "posterior" nodes was performed in 743 patients, and para-aortic lymphadenectomy in a subgroup of 390 patients. After lymph node mapping and retrieval on the fresh specimen, a median number of 41 total lymph nodes were analyzed...
April 12, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397190/surrogate-end-points-for-overall-survival-in-metastatic-locally-advanced-or-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-24-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Eleftherios A Makris, Regina MacBarb, Danielle J Harvey, George A Poultsides
BACKGROUND: Overall survival (OS) has traditionally been the primary end point in studies evaluating the clinical benefit of first-line chemotherapy in metastatic, locally advanced, or unresectable pancreatic cancer (MLAUPC). Given the prolonged follow-up assessment required to obtain OS and its potential to be confounded by second-line treatments, this study sought to determine whether progression-free survival (PFS), response rate (RR), or disease control rate (DCR) can serve as a reliable surrogate for OS...
April 10, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397189/synovial-sarcoma-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-identification-of-new-biologic-targets-to-improve-multimodal-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Marc El Beaino, Dejka M Araujo, Alexander J Lazar, Patrick P Lin
Synovial sarcoma is a translocation-associated soft-tissue malignancy that frequently affects adolescents and young adults. It is driven by one of the fusion oncoproteins SS18-SSX1, SS18-SSX2, or rarely, SS18-SSX4. Prognosis of patients with recurrent or metastatic disease is generally poor, and newer therapeutic strategies are needed. In this review, we present recent discoveries in the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of synovial sarcoma. We discuss potential therapeutic strategies to improve clinical outcomes in this disease...
April 10, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364290/axillary-lymphadenectomy-in-sentinel-lymph-node-positive-breast-cancer
#13
Liling Zhu, Kai Chen, Lisa K Jacobs, Rebecca Aft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364289/technology-beats-the-current-standard-is-robotic-gastrectomy-becoming-the-standard-treatment-option-for-gastric-cancer-surgical-outcomes-after-open-laparoscopic-and-robotic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-by-kim-hyuong-il-et-al
#14
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357674/surgical-outcomes-after-open-laparoscopic-and-robotic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#15
Seung Yoon Yang, Kun Ho Roh, You-Na Kim, Minah Cho, Seung Hyun Lim, Taeil Son, Woo Jin Hyung, Hyoung-Il Kim
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the significant advantages of laparoscopic versus open gastrectomy, robotic gastrectomy has shown little benefit over laparoscopic gastrectomy. This study aimed to compare multi-dimensional aspects of surgical outcomes after open, laparoscopic, and robotic gastrectomy. METHODS: Data from 915 gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy by one surgeon between March 2009 and May 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Perioperative parameters were analyzed for short-term outcomes...
March 29, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357673/the-granulocyte-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-marker-of-surgical-stress-and-a-predictor-of-postoperative-infectious-complications-after-gastric-cancer-surgery-an-analysis-of-patients-enrolled-in-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#16
Jun Lu, Hao Liu, Long-Long Cao, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Qi-Yue Chen, Mi Lin, Ru-Hong Tu, Guo-Xin Li, Chang-Ming Huang
BACKGROUND: The granulocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (GLR) in the blood may be a useful marker of surgical stress (SS) following surgery for cancer. The aim of the present study was to compare the SS by measuring the GLR, and further study the value of the GLR in predicting postoperative infectious complications (ICs). METHODS: Data from 201 gastric cancer patients at Fujian Medical University Union Hospital who were enrolled in our prospective randomized controlled trial were extracted for this study...
March 29, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353020/association-between-waiting-time-from-diagnosis-to-treatment-and-survival-in-patients-with-curable-gastric-cancer-a-population-based-study-in-the-netherlands
#17
H J F Brenkman, E Visser, P S N van Rossum, S Siesling, R van Hillegersberg, J P Ruurda
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, a maximum waiting time from diagnosis to treatment (WT) of 5 weeks is recommended for curative cancer treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the association between WT and overall survival (OS) in patients undergoing gastrectomy for cancer. METHODS: This nationwide study included data from patients diagnosed with curable gastric adenocarcinoma between 2005 and 2014 from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Patients were divided into two groups: patients who received neoadjuvant therapy followed by gastrectomy, or patients who underwent gastrectomy as primary surgery...
March 28, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349339/an-analysis-of-tumor-and-surgery-related-factors-that-contribute-to-inadvertent-positive-margins-following-soft-tissue-sarcoma-resection
#18
Kenneth R Gundle, Sanjay Gupta, Lisa Kafchinski, Anthony M Griffin, Rita A Kandel, Brendan C Dickson, Peter W Chung, Charles N Catton, Brian O'Sullivan, Peter C Ferguson, Jay S Wunder
BACKGROUND: The risk of local recurrence (LR) after soft tissue sarcoma (STS) resection is higher in the setting of inadvertent positive margins (IPMs). This study assessed whether both tumor- and surgery-related factors contribute to IPMs, and whether tumor- versus surgery-related IPMs differ in LR or overall survival (OS). METHODS: Retrospective review of a tertiary center database identified patients with IPMs following STS resection between 1989 and 2014. Of 2234 resected STSs, 309 (13%) had positive margins; 89 (4%) were IPMs...
March 27, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349338/clinical-impact-of-preoperative-chemotherapy-on-microscopic-cancer-spread-surrounding-colorectal-liver-metastases
#19
Yujiro Nishioka, Junichi Shindoh, Ryuji Yoshioka, Wataru Gonoi, Hiroyuki Abe, Naoki Okura, Shuntaro Yoshida, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Masashi Fukayama, Norihiro Kokudo
BACKGROUND: A potentially favorable effect of chemotherapy on the incidence of micrometastases has been reported in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLMs); however, the actual influence of chemotherapy on the distribution of micrometastases and surgical curability remains unclear. METHOD: The clinical impact of preoperative chemotherapy on the incidence and distribution of micrometastases was assessed in 191 patients with 357 CLM nodules. Potential radiologic measures for predicting the extent of microscopic cancer spread and surgical curability were then sought among the size-based and non-size-based radiologic response criteria...
March 27, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349337/erratum-to-impact-of-an-in-visit-decision-aid-on-patient-knowledge-about-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-a-pilot-study
#20
Katharine Yao, Jeff Belkora, Isabelle Bedrosian, Shoshana Rosenberg, Mark Sisco, Ermilo Barrera, Alexandra Kyrillos, Jon Tilburt, Chihsiung Wang, Sarah Rabbitt, Catherine Pesce, Sandra Simovic, David J Winchester, Karen Sepucha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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