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Annals of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922209/how-can-best-practices-in-recruitment-and-selection-improve-diversity-in-surgery
#1
Aimee K Gardner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922208/patient-centered-outcome-spectrum-an-evidence-based-framework-to-aid-in-shared-decision-making
#2
Angela M Ingraham, Suresh K Agarwal, Hee Soo Jung, Amy E Liepert, Ann P O'Rourke, John E Scarborough
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop an alternate construct for reporting anticipated outcomes after emergency general surgery (EGS) that presents risk in terms of a composite measure. BACKGROUND: Currently available prediction tools generate risk outputs for discrete as opposed to composite measures of postoperative outcomes. A construct to synthesize multiple discrete estimates into a global understanding of a patient's likely postoperative health status is lacking and could augment shared decision-making conversations...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922207/sweet-sixteen-the-prospective-clinical-trials-of-john-l-cameron-md-the-clinician-scientist-from-alternate-allocation-to-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Charles J Yeo
: The era of randomized controlled trials was ushered in by the British epidemiologist-statistician Austin Bradford Hill, with his work on the use of streptomycin in patients with tuberculosis. John L. Cameron, can be linked to 16 prospective clinical trials over his career thus far, starting with alternate-allocation trials and transitioning to prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trials. These trials studied various topics in surgery-from pancreatitis to surgical site infections, to drain trials, a trial in Crohn disease and multiple trials in pancreatic surgery and cancer...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922206/hidden-costs-of-hospitalization-after-firearm-injury-national-analysis-of-different-hospital-readmission
#4
Rishi Rattan, Joshua Parreco, Nicholas Namias, Gerd D Pust, D Dante Yeh, Tanya L Zakrison
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk factors and costs associated with readmission after firearm injury nationally, including different hospitals. BACKGROUND: No national studies capture readmission to different hospitals after firearm injury. METHODS: The 2013 to 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried for patients admitted after firearm injury. Logistic regression identified risk factors for 30-day same and different hospital readmission...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922205/impact-of-advanced-age-on-survival-in-patients-undergoing-resection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-report-of-a-japanese-nationwide-survey
#5
Masaki Kaibori, Kengo Yoshii, Isao Yokota, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Fumio Nagashima, Shoji Kubo, Masanori Kon, Namiki Izumi, Masumi Kadoya, Masatoshi Kudo, Takashi Kumada, Michiie Sakamoto, Osamu Nakashima, Yutaka Matsuyama, Tadatoshi Takayama, Norihiro Kokudo
OBJECTIVE: The impact of age on survival after hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been thoroughly examined. We reviewed the data of a nationwide follow-up survey to determine the outcomes of hepatectomy for HCC in elderly patients. BACKGROUND: Management of malignant diseases in elderly patients has become a global clinical issue because of the increased life expectancy worldwide. Advancements in surgical techniques and perioperative management have reduced age-related contraindications for liver surgery...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288055/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-clinical-effectiveness-trials-in-esophageal-cancer-resection-surgery
#6
Kerry N L Avery, Katy A Chalmers, Sara T Brookes, Natalie S Blencowe, Karen Coulman, Katie Whale, Chris Metcalfe, Jane M Blazeby
OBJECTIVE: Development of a core outcome set (COS) for clinical effectiveness trials in esophageal cancer resection surgery. BACKGROUND: Inconsistency and heterogeneity in outcome reporting after esophageal cancer resection surgery hampers comparison of trial results and undermines evidence synthesis. COSs provide an evidence-based approach to these challenges. METHODS: A long list of clinical and patient-reported outcomes was identified and categorized into outcome domains...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914628/wanted-effective-followers-in-surgery
#7
Juan C Cendán, Judith S Simms-Cendán
This SURGICAL PERSPECTIVE paper brings to our readers the general topic of "followership." Leadership has received a lot of attention in the administrative education domain; however, there is a history of academic research on the role and importance of the effective follower. We review some of the critical articles in this field, and present a possible approach for incorporating the notion of effective followership in a surgical context.
September 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902669/alpps-improves-resectability-compared-with-conventional-two-stage-hepatectomy-in-patients-with-advanced-colorectal-liver-metastasis-results-from-a-scandinavian-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-ligro-trial
#8
Per Sandström, Bård I Røsok, Ernesto Sparrelid, Peter N Larsen, Anna L Larsson, Gert Lindell, Nicolai A Schultz, Bjorn A Bjørnbeth, Bengt Isaksson, Magnus Rizell, Bergthor Björnsson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate if associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) could increase resection rates (RRs) compared with two-stage hepatectomy (TSH) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). BACKGROUND: Radical liver metastasis resection offers the only chance of a cure for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) and an insufficient future liver remnant (FLR) volume are traditionally treated with chemotherapy with portal vein embolization or ligation followed by hepatectomy (TSH)...
September 11, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902668/functional-results-and-quality-of-life-following-magnetic-anal-sphincter-augmentation-in-severely-incontinent-patients
#9
Mia Kim, Guillaume Meurette, Ramasamy Ragu, Vincent Wyart, Paul Antoine Lehur
OBJECTIVE: Magnetic anal sphincter augmentation is a novel surgical option in the treatment of severe fecal incontinence. This study aimed to analyze functional results, quality of life, and satisfaction after implantation in the mid-term, and to identify factors associated with success of this new treatment. METHODS: All patients, who underwent magnetic anal sphincter augmentation procedure at a single center between December 2008 and January 2016, were consecutively included...
September 11, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902667/the-liver-tunnel-intention-to-treat-validation-of-a-new-type-of-hepatectomy
#10
Guido Torzilli, Fabio Procopio, Luca Viganò, Guido Costa, Andrea Fontana, Matteo Cimino, Matteo Donadon, Daniele Del Fabbro
OBJECTIVE: This prospective intention-to-treat validation study evaluated the liver tunnel (LT) technique for patients having ≥1 deep centrally located liver tumor, with or without middle hepatic vein (MHV) invasion. BACKGROUND: Conservative surgery has been proposed for patients with deep liver tumors having complex relationships. LT is one such novel technique. METHODS: Eligible patients were prospectively enrolled for LT. LT relies on tumor-vessel detachment, and the presence of communicating veins if MHV resection is necessary...
September 11, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902666/what-is-in-a-pronoun-why-gender-fair-language-matters
#11
Chelsea A Harris, Natalie Blencowe, Dana A Telem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902665/dissecting-surgeon-behavior-leveraging-the-theoretical-domains-framework-to-facilitate-evidence-based-surgical-practice
#12
Dana A Telem, Justin Dimick, Ted A Skolarus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885513/measuring-postoperative-complications-on-the-right-path-but-far-away-from-the-destination-retraction
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885512/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-intestinal-melanoma-metastases-in-the-era-of-effective-systemic-treatment-retraction
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885511/response-intraoperative-fluid-resuscitation-importance-of-individualized-treatment
#15
Christina H Shin, Matthias Eikermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885510/pylorus-resection-does-not-reduce-delayed-gastric-emptying-after-partial-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-propp-study-drks00004191
#16
Thilo Hackert, Pascal Probst, Phillip Knebel, Colette Doerr-Harim, Thomas Bruckner, Ulla Klaiber, Jens Werner, Lutz Schneider, Christoph W Michalski, Oliver Strobel, Alexis Ulrich, Markus K Diener, Markus W Büchler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pylorus resection on postoperative delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after partial pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). BACKGROUND: PD is the standard treatment for tumors of the pancreatic head. Preservation of the pylorus has been widely accepted as standard procedure. DGE is a common complication causing impaired oral intake, prolonged hospital stay, and postponed further treatment. Recently, pylorus resection has been shown to reduce DGE...
September 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885509/modeling-surgical-technical-skill-using-expert-assessment-for-automated-computer-rating
#17
David P Azari, Lane L Frasier, Sudha R Pavuluri Quamme, Caprice C Greenberg, Carla M Pugh, Jacob A Greenberg, Robert G Radwin
OBJECTIVE: Computer vision was used to predict expert performance ratings from surgeon hand motions for tying and suturing tasks. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Existing methods, including the objective structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS), have proven reliable, but do not readily discriminate at the task level. Computer vision may be used for evaluating distinct task performance throughout an operation. METHODS: Open surgeries was videoed and surgeon hands were tracked without using sensors or markers...
September 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885508/defining-benchmarks-in-liver-transplantation-a-multicenter-outcome-analysis-determining-best-achievable-results
#18
Xavier Muller, Francesca Marcon, Gonzalo Sapisochin, Max Marquez, Federica Dondero, Michel Rayar, Majella M B Doyle, Lauren Callans, Jun Li, Greg Nowak, Marc-Antoine Allard, Ina Jochmans, Kyle Jacskon, Magali Chahdi Beltrame, Marjolein van Reeven, Samuele Iesari, Alessandro Cucchetti, Hemant Sharma, Roxane D Staiger, Dimitri A Raptis, Henrik Petrowsky, Michelle de Oliveira, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro, Antonio D Pinna, Jan Lerut, Wojciech G Polak, Eduardo de Santibañes, Martín de Santibañes, Andrew M Cameron, Jacques Pirenne, Daniel Cherqui, René A Adam, Bö-Göran Ericzon, Bjoern Nashan, Kim Olthoff, Avi Shaked, William C Chapman, Karim Boudjema, Olivier Soubrane, Catherine Paugam-Burtz, Paul D Greig, David R Grant, Amanda Carvalheiro, Paolo Muiesan, Philipp Dutkowski, Milo Puhan, Pierre-Alain Clavien
OBJECTIVE: To propose benchmark outcome values in liver transplantation, serving as reference for assessing individual patients or any other patient groups. BACKGROUND: Best achievable results in liver transplantation, that is, benchmarks, are unknown. Consequently, outcome comparisons within or across centers over time remain speculative. METHODS: Out of 7492 liver transplantation performed in 17 international centers from 3 continents, we identified 2024 low risk adult cases with a laboratory model for end-stage liver disease score ≤20 points, a balance of risk score ≤9, and receiving a primary graft by donation after brain death...
September 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885507/appropriate-surgical-care-who-decides-the-i-ridgeway-trimble-lecture
#19
Andrew L Warshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885506/the-theory-and-practice-of-pancreatic-surgery-in-france
#20
Olivier Farges, Noelle Bendersky, Stéphanie Truant, Jean Robert Delpero, François René Pruvot, Alain Sauvanet
OBJECTIVE: Measure the caseload of pancreatectomies that influences their short-term outcome, at a national level, and assess the applicability of a centralization policy. BACKGROUND: There is agreement that pancreatectomies should be centralized. However, previous studies have failed to accurately define a "high-volume" center. METHODS: French healthcare databases were screened to identify all adult patients who had elective pancreatectomies between 2007 and 2012...
September 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
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