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Annals of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334564/validating-the-electronic-cardiac-arrest-risk-triage-ecart-score-for-risk-stratification-of-surgical-inpatients-in-the-postoperative-setting-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Bartlomiej Bartkowiak, Ashley M Snyder, Andrew Benjamin, Andrew Schneider, Nicole M Twu, Matthew M Churpek, Kevin K Roggin, Dana P Edelson
OBJECTIVE: Assess the accuracy of 3 early warning scores for predicting severe adverse events in postoperative inpatients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative clinical deterioration on inpatient hospital services is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and cost. Early warning scores have been developed to detect inpatient clinical deterioration and trigger rapid response activation, but knowledge regarding the application of early warning scores to postoperative inpatients is limited...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334563/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-by-cm-den-bakker-and-dl-van-der-peet
#2
Daniel G Coit, Jonathan Hernandez, Heiko Schoder, Debra Goldman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334562/is-a-pathological-complete-response-following-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-associated-with-prolonged-survival-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer
#3
Jin He, Alex B Blair, Vincent P Groot, Ammar A Javed, Richard A Burkhart, Georgios Gemenetzis, Ralph H Hruban, Kevin M Waters, Justin Poling, Lei Zheng, Daniel Laheru, Joseph M Herman, Martin A Makary, Matthew J Weiss, John L Cameron, Christopher L Wolfgang
OBJECTIVES: To describe the survival outcome of patients with borderline resectable or locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (BR/LA-PDAC) who have a pathologic complete response (pCR) following neoadjuvant chemoradiation. BACKGROUND: Patients with BR/LA-PDAC are often treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation in an attempt to downstage the tumor. Uncommonly, a pCR may result. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database was performed at a single institution...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334561/preoperative-18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-pheochromocytomas-and-paragangliomas-allows-for-precision-surgery
#4
Pavel Nockel, Mustapha El Lakis, Apostolos Gaitanidis, Roxanne Merkel, Dhaval Patel, Naris Nilubol, Tamara Prodanov, Karel Pacak, Electron Kebebew
BACKGROUND: Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging is recommended in patients with metastatic pheochromocytoma (PC) and paraganglioma (PGL). There are no data on whether routine preoperative F-FDG PET/CT in all patients with PC/PGL impacts surgical management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether routine preoperative F-FDG PET/CT imaging affects the surgical management of patients with PC/PGLs...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334560/proposed-modification-of-the-8th-edition-of-the-ajcc-staging-system-for-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#5
Si Shi, Jie Hua, Chen Liang, Qingcai Meng, Dingkong Liang, Jin Xu, Quanxing Ni, Xianjun Yu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to improve the 8th edition (8th) of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). BACKGROUND: The new 8th AJCC staging system for PDAC was released in October, 2016, and will be applied in clinical practice in 2018. METHODS: Two large cohorts were included in this analysis. One consisted of 45,856 PDAC patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (2004-2014), and the other consisted of 3166 PDAC patients in the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (FUSCC) database (2005-2015)...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334559/sex-differences-in-faculty-rank-among-academic-surgeons-in-the-united-states-in-2014
#6
Daniel M Blumenthal, Regan W Bergmark, Nikhila Raol, Jordan D Bohnen, Jean Anderson Eloy, Stacey T Gray
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate sex differences in full professorship among a comprehensive, contemporary cohort of US academic surgeons. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous work demonstrates that women are less likely than men to be full professors in academic medicine, and in certain surgical subspecialties. Whether sex differences in academic rank exist across all surgical fields, and after adjustment for confounders, is not known. METHODS: A comprehensive list of surgeons with faculty appointments at US medical schools in 2014 was obtained from Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) faculty roster and linked to a comprehensive physician database from Doximity, an online physician networking website, which contained the following data for all physicians: sex, age, years since residency, publication number (total and first/last author), clinical trials participation, National Institutes of Health grants, and surgical subspecialty...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334558/comment-on-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-open-versus-minimally-invasive-transthoracic-esophagectomy-in-the-netherlands
#7
Miguel A Cuesta, Jennifer Straatman, Donald L van der Peet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334557/so-what-s-the-chance-of-this-mesh-causing-me-a-problem-in-the-long-run
#8
Benjamin K Poulose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334556/decoding-grade-b-pancreatic-fistula-a-clinical-and-economical-analysis-and-subclassification-proposal
#9
Laura Maggino, Giuseppe Malleo, Claudio Bassi, Valentina Allegrini, Matthew T McMillan, Alex Borin, Bofeng Chen, Jeffrey A Drebin, Brett L Ecker, Douglas L Fraker, Major K Lee, Salvatore Paiella, Robert E Roses, Roberto Salvia, Charles M Vollmer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe characteristics and management approaches for grade B pancreatic fistula (B-POPF) and investigate whether it segregates into distinct subclasses. BACKGROUND: The 2016 ISGPS refined definition of B-POPF is predicated on various postoperative management approaches, ranging from prolonged drainage to interventional procedures, but the spectrum of clinical severity within this entity is yet undefined. METHODS: Pancreatectomies performed at 2 institutions from 2007 to 2016 were reviewed to identify B-POPFs and their treatment strategies...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334555/multi-institutional-analysis-of-recurrence-and-survival-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-of-esophageal-cancer-impact-of-histology-on-recurrence-patterns-and-outcomes
#10
Mian Xi, Yadi Yang, Li Zhang, Hong Yang, Kenneth W Merrell, Christopher L Hallemeier, Robert K Shen, Michael G Haddock, Wayne L Hofstetter, Dipen M Maru, Linus Ho, Carol C Wu, Mengzhong Liu, Steven H Lin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of histology on pathologic response, survival outcomes, and recurrence patterns in patients with esophageal cancer (EC) who received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is a paucity of data regarding comparative outcomes after neoadjuvant CRT between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2015, 895 EC patients who underwent neoadjuvant CRT followed by esophagectomy at 3 academic institutions were retrospectively reviewed, including 207 patients with SCC (23...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334554/the-systemic-immune-inflammation-index-independently-predicts-survival-and-recurrence-in-resectable-pancreatic-cancer-and-its-prognostic-value-depends-on-bilirubin-levels-a-retrospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#11
Mohammad Hosein Aziz, Kostandinos Sideras, Nasir Ahmad Aziz, Katya Mauff, Roel Haen, Daphne Roos, Lawlaw Saida, Mustafa Suker, Erwin van der Harst, Jan Sven Mieog, Bert A Bonsing, Yarne Klaver, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Casper H van Eijck
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the prognostic significance of the systemic-immune-inflammation index (SIII) in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer, using cancer-specific survival as the primary outcome. BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is associated with a dysfunctional immune system and poor prognosis. We examined the prognostic significance of the SIII in patients with resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and the effects of bilirubin on this index...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315090/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-anastomotic-failure-in-1594-patients-treated-by-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-results-from-the-international-tatme-registry
#12
Marta Penna, Roel Hompes, Steve Arnold, Greg Wynn, Ralph Austin, Janindra Warusavitarne, Brendan Moran, George B Hanna, Neil J Mortensen, Paris P Tekkis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of anastomotic-related morbidity following Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision (TaTME) and identify independent risk factors for failure. BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak and its sequelae are dreaded complications following gastrointestinal surgery. TaTME is a recent technique for rectal resection, which includes novel anastomotic techniques. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive reconstructed TaTME cases recorded over 30 months in 107 surgical centers across 29 countries...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303812/response-the-oslo-comet-randomized-controlled-trial-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-liver-resection-for-colorectal-metastases
#13
Åsmund Avdem Fretland, Bjørn Edwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303811/gender-fair-language-matters
#14
Emanuele Felli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303810/higher-recurrence-rate-after-endoscopic-totally-extraperitoneal-tep-inguinal-hernia-repair-with-ultrapro-lightweight-mesh-5-year-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-tulp-trial
#15
Marleen Roos, Wouter J Bakker, Nelleke Schouten, Charlotte Voorbrood, Geert Jan Clevers, Egbert Jan Verleisdonk, Paul Davids, Josephina Burgmans
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine inguinal hernia recurrence rates 5 years after endoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair when either lightweight or heavyweight mesh was used. BACKGROUND: Recurrence is an important complication of inguinal hernia surgery. Higher recurrence rates of Ultrapro lightweight meshes after TEP repair have been demonstrated, yet data regarding long-term follow-up are limited. METHODS: From 2010 to 2012, 950 male adult patients with primary unilateral hernias were randomized to TEP hernia repair with heavyweight (Prolene) or lightweight (Ultrapro) mesh...
January 4, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303809/the-oslo-comet-randomized-controlled-trial-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-resection-for-colorectal-liver-metastases
#16
Anthony K C Chan, Saurabh Jamdar, Aali J Sheen, Ajith K Siriwardena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303808/gathering-validity-evidence-for-surgical-simulation-a-systematic-review
#17
Nanna Jo Borgersen, Therese M H Naur, Stine M D Sørensen, Flemming Bjerrum, Lars Konge, Yousif Subhi, Ann Sofia S Thomsen
OBJECTIVE: To identify current trends in the use of validity frameworks in surgical simulation, to provide an overview of the evidence behind the assessment of technical skills in all surgical specialties, and to present recommendations and guidelines for future validity studies. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Validity evidence for assessment tools used in the evaluation of surgical performance is of paramount importance to ensure valid and reliable assessment of skills...
January 4, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303807/mucus-microbiome-of-anastomotic-tissue-during-surgery-has-predictive-value-for-colorectal-anastomotic-leakage
#18
Jasper B van Praagh, Marcus C de Goffau, Ilsalien S Bakker, Harry van Goor, Hermie J M Harmsen, Peter Olinga, Klaas Havenga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate the association of gut microbiota, depending on treatment method, with the development of colorectal anastomotic leakage (AL). BACKGROUND: AL is a major cause for morbidity and mortality after colorectal surgery, but the mechanism behind this complication still is not fully understood. METHODS: Bacterial DNA was isolated from 123 "donuts" of patients where a stapled colorectal anastomosis was made and was analyzed using 16S MiSeq sequencing...
January 4, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303806/no-gains-in-long-term-survival-after-liver-transplantation-over-the-past-three-decades
#19
Abbas Rana, Ruth L Ackah, Gwilym J Webb, Karim J Halazun, John M Vierling, Hao Liu, Meng-Fen Wu, Dor Yoeli, Michael Kueht, Ayse L Mindikoglu, Norman L Sussman, Nhu T Galván, Ronald T Cotton, Christine A O'Mahony, John A Goss
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess improvements in long-term survival after liver transplant by analyzing outcomes in transplant recipients who survived beyond 1 year. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Gains in short-term survival following liver transplantation have been gratifying. One-year survival in 1986 was 66% improved to over 92% in 2015. However, little is known about why long-term has not seen similar success. METHODS: We analyzed 111,568 recipients from 1987 to 2016 using the Kaplan-Meier method for time-to-event analysis and multivariable Cox regression...
January 4, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303805/randomized-trial-of-division-versus-nondivision-of-short-gastric-vessels-during-nissen-fundoplication-20-year-outcomes
#20
Stephen P Kinsey-Trotman, Peter G Devitt, Tim Bright, Sarah K Thompson, Glyn G Jamieson, David I Watson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate late outcomes from a randomized trial of division versus no division of short gastric vessels during laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication at up to 20 years follow-up. BACKGROUND: Nissen fundoplication is an established procedure for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Controversy about whether side effects such as dysphagia could be reduced by division of the short gastric vessels led to the establishment of a randomized trial in 1994...
January 4, 2018: Annals of Surgery
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