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Annals of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781848/anatomical-resections-improve-survival-following-lung-metastasectomy-of-colorectal-cancer-harboring-kras-mutations
#1
Stéphane Renaud, Joseph Seitlinger, Yaseen Al Lawati, Francesco Guerrera, Pierre-Emmanuel Falcoz, Gilbert Massard, Lorenzo Ferri, Jonathan Spicer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of anatomical resection (AR) in lung metastasectomy (LM) of colorectal cancer (CRC) harboring KRAS mutations SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA:: KRAS mutations are related to high aggressiveness in the lung metastasis of CRC. It is unknown whether AR can lead to better outcomes than can non-AR (NAR) in KRAS patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data from 574 consecutive patients who underwent a LM for CRC...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781847/identification-of-the-critical-nontechnical-skills-for-surgeons-needed-for-high-performance-in-a-variable-resource-context-notss-vrc
#2
John W Scott, Yihan Lin, Georges Ntakiyiruta, Zeta Mutabazi, William A Davis, Megan A Morris, Douglas S Smink, Robert Riviello, Steven Yule
OBJECTIVE: To identify the critical nontechnical skills (NTS) required for high performance in variable-resource contexts (VRC). BACKGROUND: As surgical training and capacity increase in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), new strategies for improving surgical education and care in these settings are required. NTS are critical for high performance in surgery around the world. However, the essential NTS used by surgeons operating in LMICs to overcome the challenges specific to their contexts have never been described...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781846/preperitoneal-or-subcutaneous-wound-catheters-as-alternative-for-epidural-analgesia-in-abdominal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Timothy H Mungroop, Marinde J Bond, Philipp Lirk, Olivier R Busch, Markus W Hollmann, Denise P Veelo, Marc G Besselink
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the location of wound catheters (ie, preperitoneal vs. subcutaneous) impacts outcomes, when compared with alternatives such as epidural analgesia. BACKGROUND: Continuous wound infiltration is an alternative for epidural analgesia in abdominal surgery but studies have shown conflicting results. This difference could be explained by different efficacy of preperitoneal versus subcutaneous placement of the infiltrative catheters. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines until April 3, 2017...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781845/redefining-the-influence-of-ethnicity-on-simultaneous-kidney-and-pancreas-transplantation-outcomes-a-15-year-single-center-experience
#4
Carlton J Young, Paul A MacLennan, Elinor C Mannon, Rhiannon D Reed, Brittany A Shelton, Michael J Hanaway, Gaurav Agarwal, Robert S Gaston, Bruce A Julian, Clifton E Kew, Vineeta Kumar, Roslyn B Mannon, Shikha Mehta, Song C Ong, Graham C Towns, Mark H Deierhoi, Jayme E Locke
OBJECTIVE: To examine the largest single-center experience of simultaneous kidney/pancreas transplantation (SPK) transplantation among African-Americans (AAs). BACKGROUND: Current dogma suggests that AAs have worse survival following SPK than white recipients. We hypothesize that this national trend may not be ubiquitous. METHODS: From August 30, 1999, through October 1, 2014, 188 SPK transplants were performed at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and 5523 were performed at other US centers...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781844/overadjustment-bias-as-a-threat-in-the-drive-for-gender-equity
#5
Caprice C Greenberg, Rebecca M Minter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771726/percutaneous-stone-removal
#6
Jacob J Bundy, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Anthony N Hage, Joseph J Gemmete, Ravi N Srinivasa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771725/comments-on-alternative-fistula-risk-score-for-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-frs-design-and-international-external-validation
#7
Sébastien Gaujoux, Vinciane Rebours, Alain Sauvanet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771724/early-impact-of-medicare-accountable-care-organizations-on-inpatient-surgical-spending
#8
Hari Nathan, Jyothi R Thumma, Andrew M Ryan, Justin B Dimick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether hospital participation in accountable care organizations (ACOs) is associated with reduced Medicare spending for inpatient surgery. BACKGROUND: ACOs have proliferated rapidly and now cover more than 32 million Americans. Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) ACOs have shown modest success in reducing medical spending. Whether they have reduced surgical spending remains unknown. METHODS: We used 100% Medicare claims from 2010 to 2014 for patients aged 65 to 99 years undergoing 6 common elective surgical procedures [abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, colectomy, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), hip or knee replacement, or lung resection]...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771723/comparing-short-term-and-oncologic-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-versus-open-pancreaticoduodenectomy-across-low-and-high-volume-centers
#9
Robert J Torphy, Chloe Friedman, Alison Halpern, Brandon C Chapman, Steven S Ahrendt, Martin M McCarter, Barish H Edil, Richard D Schulick, Ana Gleisner
OBJECTIVE: To compare short-term and oncologic outcomes of patients with cancer who underwent open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD) versus minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) using the National Cancer Database. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: MIPD, including laparoscopic and robotic approaches, has continued to gain acceptance despite prior reports of increased short-term mortality when compared with OPD. METHODS: Patients with pancreatic cancer diagnosed from 2010 to 2015 undergoing curative intent resection were selected from the National Cancer Database...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771722/detection-of-deteriorating-patients-on-surgical-wards-outside-the-icu-by-an-automated-mews-based-early-warning-system-with-paging-functionality
#10
Axel R Heller, Sören T Mees, Benjamin Lauterwald, Christian Reeps, Thea Koch, Jürgen Weitz
BACKGROUND: The establishment of early warning systems in hospitals was strongly recommended in recent guidelines to detect deteriorating patients early and direct them to adequate care. Upon reaching predefined trigger criteria, Medical Emergency Teams (MET) should be notified and directed to these patients. The present study analyses the effect of introducing an automated multiparameter early warning score (MEWS)-based early warning system with paging functionality on 2 wards hosting patients recovering from highly complex surgical interventions...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771721/the-impact-of-surgical-strategy-on-the-consequences-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#11
Mehmet Uludag, Kinyas Kartal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762145/a-succinct-critical-appraisal-of-indications-to-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision
#12
Mahir Gachabayov, Alexandra Chudner, Roberto Bergamaschi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771720/cross-circulation-and-the-early-days-of-cardiac-surgery
#13
Vincent L Gott, James H Moller, Andrew W Shaffer, Sara J Shumway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746338/oncological-and-survival-outcomes-in-watch-and-wait-patients-with-a-clinical-complete-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#14
Mit Dattani, Richard J Heald, Ghaleb Goussous, Jack Broadhurst, Guilherme P São Julião, Angelita Habr-Gama, Rodrigo Oliva Perez, Brendan J Moran
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the oncological and survival outcomes of a Watch and Wait policy in rectal cancer after a clinical complete response (cCR) following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. BACKGROUND: The detection of a cCR after neoadjuvant treatment may facilitate a nonoperative approach in selected patients. However, the long-term safety of this strategy remains to be validated. METHOD: This is a systematic review of the literature to determine the oncological outcomes in Watch and Wait patients...
May 9, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746337/bowel-obstruction-and-ventral-hernia-after-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-for-rectal-cancer-in-a-randomized-trial-color-ii
#15
Josefin Petersson, Thomas W Koedam, H Jaap Bonjer, John Andersson, Eva Angenete, David Bock, Miguel A Cuesta, Charlotte L Deijen, Alois Fürst, Antonio M Lacy, Jacob Rosenberg, Eva Haglind
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of bowel obstruction, incisional, and parastomal hernia following laparoscopic versus open surgery for rectal cancer. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer has been adopted worldwide, after trials reported similar oncological outcomes compared with open surgery. Little is known about long-term morbidity, including bowel obstruction, incisional, and parastomal hernia following surgery...
May 9, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746336/resection-of-the-primary-gastrointestinal-neuroendocrine-tumor-improves-survival-with-or-without-liver-treatment
#16
Aaron Lewis, Mustafa Raoof, Philip H G Ituarte, John Williams, Laleh Melstrom, Daneng Li, Byrne Lee, Gagandeep Singh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine outcomes of primary tumor resection in metastatic neuroendocrine tumors across all primary tumor sites. BACKGROUND: Primary tumor resection (PTR) may offer a survival benefit in metastatic gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors (GI-NETs); however, few studies have examined the effect of primary site and grade on resection and survival. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients with metastatic GI-NETs at presentation between 2005 and 2011 using the California Cancer Registry (CCR) dataset merged with California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD) inpatient longitudinal database...
May 9, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742528/prophylactic-mesh-for-the-prevention-of-parastomal-hernias-need-for-a-deep-dive
#17
Christoffer Odensten, Karin Strigård, Jörgen Rutegård, Michael Dahlberg, Ulrika Ståhle, Ulf Gunnarson, Pia Näsvall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742527/all-in-one-complexity-classifications-for-predicting-the-difficulty-of-liver-resection
#18
Jai Young Cho, Ho-Seong Han, Yoo-Seok Yoon, YoungRok Choi, Kil Hwan Kim, In Gun Hyun, Sunjong Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742526/should-we-evaluate-liver-resection-difficulty-by-separating-laparoscopic-from-open-approaches
#19
Yoshikuni Kawaguchi, David Fuks, Norihiro Kokudo, Brice Gayet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742525/impact-of-dexmedetomidine-on-long-term-outcomes-after-noncardiac-surgery-in-elderly-3-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Dan-Feng Zhang, Xian Su, Zhao-Ting Meng, Hong-Liang Li, Dong-Xin Wang, Xue-Ying Li, Mervyn Maze, Daqing Ma
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare the long-term outcomes of low-dose dexmedetomidine versus placebo in a randomized controlled trial (ChiCTR-TRC-10000802). BACKGROUND: Low-dose dexmedetomidine infusion decreased delirium occurrence within 1 week after surgery in elderly admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after noncardiac surgery, but the long-term outcome of this intervention is unknown. METHODS: Patients or their family members were telephone-interviewed for a 3-year follow-up data collection of survival, cognitive function assessed with the modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status, and quality of life evaluated with the World Health Organization Quality of Life...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Surgery
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