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Annals of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166361/the-impact-of-hepatectomy-time-of-the-liver-graft-on-post-transplant-outcome-a-eurotransplant-cohort-study
#1
Ina Jochmans, Steffen Fieuws, Ineke Tieken, Undine Samuel, Jacques Pirenne
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effect of donor hepatectomy time on outcome after transplantation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: When blood supply in a deceased organ donor stops, ischemic injury starts. Livers are cooled to reduce cellular metabolism and minimize ischemic injury. This cooling is slow and livers are lukewarm during hepatectomy, potentially affecting outcome. METHODS: We used the Eurotransplant Registry to investigate the relationship between donor hepatectomy time and post-transplant outcome in 12,974 recipients of deceased-donor livers (January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2013)...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166360/is-anti-tnf-therapy-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-postoperative-morbidity-after-surgery-for-ileocolonic-crohn-disease
#2
Diane Mege, Fabrizio Michelassi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166359/incisional-hernia-after-midline-versus-transverse-specimen-extraction-incision-a-randomized-trial-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-colectomy
#3
Lawrence Lee, Juan Mata, Raoul A Droeser, Pepa Kaneva, Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Barry Stein, Gerald M Fried, Liane S Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of incisional hernia (IH) between midline and transverse specimen extraction site in patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy. BACKGROUND: Midline specimen extraction incision is most commonly used in laparoscopic colectomy, but has high IH risk. IH may be lower for transverse incision. METHODS: A single-center superiority trial was conducted. Eligible patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy were randomly assigned to midline or transverse specimen extraction...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166358/comment-on-mars-system-effectively-replaces-hepatic-function-in-severe-acute-liver-failure
#4
Constantine J Karvellas, Richard Todd Stravitz, Robert J Fontana, Daniel Ganger, William M Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166357/trainee-autonomy-and-patient-safety
#5
Brian C George, Gary L Dunnington, Debra A DaRosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135499/-prevent-and-stomamesh-trials-in-preventing-parastomal-herniation
#6
Rami W Radwan, Brian M Stephenson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135498/state-of-the-john-l-cameron-md-division-of-hepatobiliary-and-pancreatic-surgery-the-program-that-john-cameron-built
#7
Ammar A Javed, Christopher L Wolfgang
: The pancreatic surgery program at Johns Hopkins is recognized as being among the top programs in the field. It is part of the newly formed John L. Cameron Division of HPB surgery. This division of surgery is a highly productive group of academic surgeons in terms of clinical volume, research endeavors, and education. The division functions as part of a large multidisciplinary group at Johns Hopkins. The program has an interesting history and can trace its roots back to the actions of a single individual-John L...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135497/pancreatic-chymotrypsin-activity-rather-than-amylase-level-better-predicts-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula
#8
Suguru Yamashita, Takeaki Ishizawa, Kazuhiro Mori, Kazuteru Monden, Yugo Kuriki, Mako Kamiya, Junichi Kaneko, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Junichi Arita, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Yasuteru Urano, Norihiro Kokudo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of chymotrypsin activity in pancreatic juice on clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) after pancreatic resection, since pancreatic peptidases rather than glycolytic enzymes play a pivotal role in causing tissue damage due to pancreatic leakage. BACKGROUND: The risk of CR-POPF has been estimated based on amylase level in abdominal drainage fluid. METHODS: Eighty-one consecutive patients underwent pancreatoduodenectomy, and postoperative pancreatic juice and drainage fluids were collected for 14 days...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135496/omission-of-regional-nodal-irradiation-in-patients-with-sentinel-lymph-node-positive-patients-the-believer-is-happy-while-the-doubter-is-wise
#9
Yazid Belkacemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135495/prenatal-microrna-mir-200b-therapy-improves-nitrofen-induced-pulmonary-hypoplasia-associated-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#10
Naghmeh Khoshgoo, Ramin Kholdebarin, Patricia Pereira-Terra, Thomas H Mahood, Landon Falk, Chelsea A Day, Barbara M Iwasiow, Fuqin Zhu, Drew Mulhall, Carly Fraser, Jorge Correia-Pinto, Richard Keijzer
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the use of miR-200b as a prenatal transplacental therapy in the nitrofen rat model of abnormal lung development and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) and pulmonary hypertension determine mortality and morbidity in CDH babies. There is no safe medical prenatal treatment available. We previously discovered that higher miR-200b is associated with better survival in CDH babies. Here, we investigate the role of miR-200b in the nitrofen rat model of PH and CDH and evaluate its use as an in vivo prenatal therapy...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135494/enhanced-recovery-protocols-erp-need-for-action
#11
Henrik Kehlet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135493/relationship-between-postoperative-pain-and-overall-30-day-complications-in-a-broad-surgical-population-an-observational-study
#12
Regina L M van Boekel, Michiel C Warlé, Renske G C Nielen, Kris C P Vissers, Rob van der Sande, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Jos G C Lerou, Monique A H Steegers
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish the relationship between postoperative pain and 30-day postoperative complications. BACKGROUND: Only scarce data are available on the association between postoperative pain and a broad range of postoperative complications in a large heterogeneous surgical population. METHODS: Having postoperative pain was assessed in 2 ways: the movement-evoked pain score on the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS-MEP) and the patients' opinion whether the pain was acceptable or not...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135474/inside-baseball-leveling-the-playing-field-in-the-surgical-residency-selection-process
#13
Robert S D Higgins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112512/causal-analysis-of-world-health-organization-s-surgical-safety-checklist-implementation-quality-and-impact-on-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes-secondary-analysis-from-a-large-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-norway
#14
Arvid Steinar Haugen, Hilde Valen Wæhle, Stian Kreken Almeland, Stig Harthug, Nick Sevdalis, Geir Egil Eide, Monica Wammen Nortvedt, Ingrid Smith, Eirik Søfteland
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that high-quality implementation of the World Health Organization's Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC) will lead to improved care processes and subsequently reduction of peri- and postoperative complications. BACKGROUND: Implementation of the SSC was associated with robust reduction in morbidity and length of in-hospital stay in a stepped wedge cluster randomized controlled trial conducted in 2 Norwegian hospitals. Further investigation of precisely how the SSC improves care processes and subsequently patient outcomes is needed to understand the causal mechanisms of improvement...
November 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112005/john-l-cameron-md-overview-of-his-career
#15
Ammar A Javed, Matthew J Weiss, Christopher L Wolfgang
: Introduction to the John Cameron Festschrift.
November 3, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112004/anastomotic-leak-does-not-impact-oncologic-outcomes-after-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-and-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#16
Jae Hyuck Jang, Hee Cheol Kim, Jung Wook Huh, Yoon Ah Park, Yong Beom Cho, Seong Hyeon Yun, Woo Yong Lee, Jeong Il Yu, Hee Chul Park, Young Suk Park, Joon Oh Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of anastomotic leakage, local recurrence, and overall survival in rectal cancer patients treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and curative resection. BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between anastomotic leakage and oncologic outcomes after preoperative CRT. METHODS: A total of 698 consecutive primary rectal cancer patients after preoperative CRT between April 19, 2000, and December 27, 2013, were retrospectively reviewed...
November 3, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112003/measuring-processes-of-care-in-palliative-surgery-a-novel-approach-using-natural-language-processing
#17
Elizabeth J Lilley, Charlotta Lindvall, Keith D Lillemoe, James A Tulsky, Daniel C Wiener, Zara Cooper
: Palliative surgical procedures are often performed for patients with limited survival. Quality measures for processes of care at the end of life are appropriate in palliative surgery, but have not been applied in this patient population. In this paper, the authors propose 4 quality measures for end-of-life care in a palliative surgery, and then demonstrate the utility of natural language processing for implementing these measures.
November 3, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112002/surveillance-of-surgical-meshes-in-ventral-hernias-and-unpredictability-of-the-their-history
#18
Francesco Gossetti, Linda D'Amore, Francesca Ceci, Maria Romana Grimaldi, Paolo Negro
: The authors read the article "The importance of registries in the postmarketing surveillance of surgical meshes" by Kockerling et al, and they completely agree on the role of a clinical follow-up of surgical meshes even if they suggest that a surveillance longer than one year is advisable, particularly in IPOM repair, to collect not only late complications but also more serious adverse events. This seems be the only way to properly assess the safety of the mesh.
November 3, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099401/gender-and-specialty-influences-on-personal-and-professional-life-among-trainees
#19
Ailín C Rogers, Sherry M Wren, Deborah A McNamara
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the impact of surgical training on lifestyle and parenthood, and to assess for gender-based workplace issues. BACKGROUND: The effects of a surgical career on lifestyle are difficult to quantify and may vary between male and female doctors. A gender gap is present in the highest tiers of the profession, and reasons why women do not attain senior positions are complex but likely relate to factors beyond merit alone. METHODS: An anonymous Web-based survey was distributed to Irish surgical and nonsurgical trainees...
November 2, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099400/outcomes-of-a-multicenter-training-program-in-laparoscopic-pancreatoduodenectomy-laelaps-2
#20
Thijs de Rooij, Jony van Hilst, Baki Topal, Koop Bosscha, David J Brinkman, Michael F Gerhards, Ignace H de Hingh, Tom M Karsten, Daan J Lips, Misha D Luyer, Hendrik A Marsman, L Bengt van Rijssen, M Willemijn Steen, Olivier R Busch, Sebastiaan Festen, Marc G Besselink
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess feasibility and outcomes of a multicenter training program in laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy (LPD). BACKGROUND: Whereas expert centers have reported promising outcomes of LPD, nationwide analyses have raised concerns on its safety, especially during the learning curve. Multicenter, structured LPD training programs reporting outcomes including the first procedures are lacking. No LPD had been performed in the Netherlands before this study...
November 2, 2017: Annals of Surgery
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