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Annals of Plastic Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628501/comparison-of-donor-site-drainage-duration-and-seroma-rate-between-latissimus-dorsi-musculocutaneous-flaps-and-thoracodorsal-artery-perforator-flaps
#1
Masaki Arikawa, Shimpei Miyamoto, Masahide Fujiki, Takuya Higashino, Azusa Oshima, Minoru Sakuraba
INTRODUCTION: Donor site seroma formation and prolonged drainage duration are common complications of using latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous (LDMC) flaps. The present retrospective study aimed to investigate the effect of types of back flap harvest on drainage duration and seroma formation rates. METHODS: Adult patients (n = 155) who underwent reconstruction with a latissimus dorsi flap from January 2010 to October 2015 were included in the study, of which 54 patients underwent breast reconstruction with a pedicled LDMC flap (LD breast group), 80 patients underwent an LDMC flap transfer for purposes other than breast reconstruction (LD nonbreast group), and 21 patients underwent soft tissue reconstruction with a thoracodorsal artery perforator (TAP) flap (TAP group)...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604553/flow-through-free-fibula-osteocutaneous-flap-in-reconstruction-of-tibial-bone-soft-tissue-and-main-artery-segmental-defects
#2
Zonghuan Li, Aixi Yu, Baiwen Qi, Zhenyu Pan, Junhui Ding
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report was to present the use of flow-through free fibula osteocutaneous flap for the repair of complex tibial bone, soft tissue, and main artery segmental defects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five patients with bone, soft tissue, and segmental anterior tibial artery defects were included. The lengths of injured tibial bones ranged from 4 to 7 cm. The sizes of impaired soft tissues were between 9 × 4 and 15 × 6 cm. The lengths of defect of anterior tibial artery segments ranged from 6 to 10 cm...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604552/the-use-of-vasopressors-in-pedicled-flaps-for-chest-wall-reconstruction
#3
Amy C Kite, Lauren C Nigro, Michael J Feldman, Andrea L Pozez
INTRODUCTION: The effect of vasopressors on flaps remains controversial in the literature. Often, surgeons avoid vasopressors with the thought that vasoconstriction reduces flap perfusion resulting in flap loss. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on patients who required chest wall reconstruction from 1998 to 2013. Patients were identified through the use of Current Procedural Terminology codes. The data collected included demographics, indications for surgery, prior debridement, preoperative albumin levels, and perioperative vasopressor use...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604551/the-periosteal-medial-femoral-condyle-free-flap-a-new-option-for-soft-tissue-reconstruction-of-the-distal-lower-extremity
#4
Noah H Saad, Matthew E Pontell, Brian S Winters, Joseph Daniel, Adam Saad
BACKGROUND: Small (<30 cm) soft tissue defects of the distal leg, foot, and ankle pose a complicated issue with regard to wound healing. Multiple flaps have been proposed for reconstruction of these wounds with varying levels of success. The medial femoral condyle flap is a free bone flap supplied by the descending geniculate artery. It is currently used in the treatment of fracture nonunion, infected bone defects, avascular necrosis, and osteoradionecrosis. This study proposes the use of the periosteal portion of the medial femoral condyle (PMFC) flap for soft tissue reconstruction of the distal leg, foot, and ankle...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604550/the-versatile-hook-plate-in-avulsion-fractures-of-the-hand
#5
Andal Thirumalai, Petros Mikalef, Rajive Mathew Jose
Avulsion fractures can pose technical difficulties for surgical fixation. The fragments are often small and around finger joints with access being difficult due to attachment of ligaments or tendons. Traditionally, these have been treated using K wires, lag screws, or pullout sutures.Hook plates were originally described for operative management of mallet fractures. We have been using hook plates in our unit for over 10 years. However, over the years, we have extended their use to other avulsion fractures in the hand such as proximal interphalangeal joint fracture dislocations, central slip avulsions, flexor digitorum profundus avulsions and collateral ligament avulsions...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604549/transverse-cervical-artery-perforator-flap-standardized-surgical-technique-and-multiple-reconstructive-opportunity-in-head-and-neck-surgery
#6
Nicola Luca, Maria Josè Santana, Bianca Maria Festa, Fabio Collurà, Stefano Righini
The main purpose of head and neck reconstructive surgery is to provide anatomic restoration of the demolited region and to provide preservation and recovery of function. The anatomical investigations conducted over the years has enabled a detailed knowledge of human body vascularization, giving the opportunity to design and harvest more and more versatile and refined flaps, with increasingly satisfactory results. Even if in the last 2 decades free flaps have been considered a reconstructive criterion standard, they still determine a great physical impact for the patient and require a certain surgical experience...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604548/pediatric-lower-extremity-lawn-mower-injuries-and-reconstruction-retrospective-10-year-review-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#7
Leslie G Branch, John C Crantford, James T Thompson, Shruti C Tannan
INTRODUCTION: From 2004 to 2013, there were 9341 lawn mower injuries in children under 20 years old. The incidence of lawn mower injuries in children has not decreased since 1990 despite implementation of various different prevention strategies. In this report, the authors review the results of pediatric lawn mower-related lower-extremity injuries treated at a tertiary care referral center as well as review the overall literature. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed at a level 1 trauma center over a 10-year period (2005-2015)...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604547/the-crisis-of-deficiency-in-emergency-coverage-for-hand-and-facial-trauma-exploring-the-discrepancy-between-availability-of-elective-and-emergency-surgical-coverage
#8
Lauren A Whipple, Tara Kelly, Oluseyi Aliu, Malcolm Z Roth, Ashit Patel
INTRODUCTION: Injuries are one of the most common reasons for emergency department visits, with approximately 40.2 million injury-related visits occurring in 2011. Facial, hand, and wrist injuries make up a large portion of these visits. Despite the high demand for specialists to attend to these injury-related emergency department visits, recent studies have suggested a discrepancy between elective surgical coverage and trauma care in general. The goal of this study was to determine if there was a difference between access to elective surgical procedures in comparison with on-call emergency care for facial and hand/wrist conditions in New York State...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604546/sweet-syndrome-after-bilateral-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flap-breast-reconstruction-a-case-report
#9
Rami D Sherif, Marco A Harmaty, Philip J Torina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604545/gluteal-augmentation-with-intramuscular-implants-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-with-lipoatrophy-related-to-the-use-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#10
Guilherme Augusto Andrade, Pedro Soler Coltro, Mário Eduardo Barros, Bruno Francisco Müller Neto, Renan Victor Lima, Jayme Adriano Farina
INTRODUCTION: Lipodystrophy syndrome associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may lead to low self-esteem and poor compliance with the drug treatment on patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which is a matter of concern for the health system. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients with HIV submitted to gluteal augmentation with intramuscular silicone implants to correct gluteal lipoatrophy related to the use of HAART. METHODS: This is a retrospective evaluation of 10 patients submitted to gluteal augmentation with intramuscular silicone implant for correction of gluteal lipoatrophy related to the use of HAART, operated between 2012 and 2015...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604544/r-buccal-mucosa-neourethras-grow-proportionally-after-puberty
#11
Smail Acimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604543/discussion-on-the-effect-of-omeprazole-usage-on-the-viability-of-random-pattern-skin-flaps-in-rats
#12
Kadri Ozer, Özlem Çolak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604542/outcome-of-dupuytren-contractures-after-collagenase-clostridium-histolyticum-injection-a-single-institution-experience
#13
Yin Kan Hwee, Daniel Park, Marisa Vinas, Christopher Litts, David Friedman
BACKGROUND: Collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection is an alternative to surgery for patients with Dupuytren disease (DD) of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints. The success of surgical and nonsurgical treatment modalities for DD is reported to vary widely between 25% and 80% (J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985;67:1439-1443; Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007;120:44e-54e; J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89:189-198; J Hand Surg Am. 2011:36:936-942; J Hand Surg Am...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574859/female-to-male-chest-reconstruction-a-review-of-technique-and-outcomes
#14
Daniel P Donato, Norelle K Walzer, Andy Rivera, Lindsey Wright, Cori A Agarwal
PURPOSE: Female-to-male transgender individuals frequently seek out chest wall masculinization as part of their gender transition and to aid with treating gender dysphoria. Critical evaluation of techniques, complications, and outcomes is important particularly as the surgery becomes more commonly performed. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all patients undergoing female-to-male chest wall reconstruction by the senior author from 2008 to 2015. Charts were reviewed to evaluate patient demographics, intraoperative details, and postoperative outcomes...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570466/risk-factors-for-urethrocutaneous-fistula-repair-after-hypospadias-surgery-a-retrospective-study
#15
Jun Feng, Zhe Yang, Yong Tang, Wen Chen, Mu-Xin Zhao, Ning Ma, Wei-Xin Wang, Li-Si Xu, Yang-Qun Li
OBJECTIVES: We review our experience in urethrocutaneous fistula (UCF) repair after hypospadias surgery to investigate the risk factors for unsuccessful outcome. METHODS: Two hundred eleven patients had undergone UCF repair in our department from January 2005 to December 2015. This study included 185 patients who were followed up for more than 6 months. The age of patients, size, site and number of UCFs, number of UCF repairs, urethral complications other than UCF, and postoperative infection were included as potential risk factors...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570465/shared-medical-appointments-for-adolescent-breast-reduction
#16
Tara L Braun, Matthew G Kaufman, Cristina Hernandez, Laura A Monson
Adolescents with macromastia face serious physical, emotional, and social burdens because of their large breast size. Studies have shown that reduction mammoplasty results in improvement in physical symptoms and quality of life for these patients. Shared medical appointments (SMAs), defined as individual patient-physician encounters that occur in a group setting, have been successfully applied to clinics for adult patients seeking breast reduction for this condition. We decided to apply the SMA model to our clinic for preoperative evaluation of adolescent patients with macromastia...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570464/analysis-of-mechanical-behavior-of-dermal-fibroblasts-obtained-from-various-anatomical-sites-in-human-to-explore-the-optimum-stretch-magnitude
#17
Quan-Chen Xu, Rui-Xia Kuang, Shu-Qiang Wei, Qin Kang, Juan-Juan Wang, Zhi-Guo Wang
PURPOSE: Facial skin fibroblasts imposed with cyclic stretch at 10% magnitude display considerable mechanotransduction properties and biochemical reactions in our previous study. However, it is poorly understood how these shared traits are fully parallel to the common features across all fibroblasts derived from different skin-based anatomical regions in response to cyclic stretch stimulation. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of various cyclic stretches on fibroblasts derived from multiple anatomical skin sites of human bodies, and the optimal stretch magnitude was defined based on the changes to cell mechanical behavior...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570463/does-the-sequence-of-tattooing-and-nipple-reconstruction-affect-nipple-projection
#18
Hyung Chul Lee, Jin Sup Eom, Eun Key Kim, Taik Jong Lee
BACKGROUND: In nipple reconstruction, the maintenance of adequate projection is one of the most important and challenging aspects. However, no reports have evaluated whether tattooing after nipple reconstruction affects nipple projection. This study aimed to test our hypothesis that tattooing after reconstruction adversely affects nipple projection. METHOD: Between September 2001 and July 2009, 384 nipples were reconstructed using the modified top hat technique after breast reconstruction with a transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570462/visualization-of-accessory-lymphatic-pathways-in-secondary-upper-extremity-lymphedema-using-indocyanine-green-lymphography
#19
Kensuke Tashiro, Shuji Yamashita, Isao Koshima, Shimpei Miyamoto
INTRODUCTION: The anatomical variations in accessory lymphatic pathways around the axillary region may work as a drainage route for excess lymphatic fluid accumulation in secondary upper extremity lymphedema. In this report, accessory lymphatic pathways extending to the shoulder, neck, and breast regions in secondary upper extremity lymphedema patients are shown using indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and May 2015, 30 limbs of 29 patients with upper extremity lymphedema after malignant tumor resection were evaluated...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570461/epineural-sheath-jacket-as-a-new-surgical-technique-for-neuroma-prevention-in-the-rat-sciatic-nerve-model
#20
Maria Siemionow, Adam Bobkiewicz, Joanna Cwykiel, Safak Uygur, Wojciech Francuzik
BACKGROUND: Terminal neuromas resulting from severe nerve injuries and traumatic or surgical limb amputations can become a source of pain, and significantly impair patients' quality of life. Recently, the number of patients with peripheral nerve injuries increased due to modern war conflicts, natural disasters, and traffic accidents. This study investigated the efficacy of the epineural sheath jacket (ESJ) as a novel technique for neuroma prevention in the rat sciatic nerve model. METHODS: A 20-mm segment of the right sciatic nerve was excised in 18 Lewis rats, and the animals were divided into 3 experimental groups (n = 6/group): group I-control, nerve stump without protection; group II-muscle burying group, nerve stump buried in the muscle; group III-ESJ group, nerve stump protected by ESJ...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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