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Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology

Firas Sbeih, Florian Christov, Michael B Gluth
OBJECTIVE: To describe the course of Meniere's disease with noninvasive treatment during the first few years after initial diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive patients with newly diagnosed definite Meniere's disease between 2013 and 2016 and a minimum follow-up of 1 year. Patients received a written plan for low sodium, water therapy, and treatment with a diuretic and/or betahistine. Subjects were screened and treated for vestibular migraine as needed...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Bizuayehu Girma, Asnake Bitew, Nega Kiros, Miriam Redleaf
Aims/Purpose: When 2 models of otologic surgery instruction in Ethiopia are compared, high-density otologic surgery campaigns are more effective for accelerated skills transfer in areas of sparse expertise than the standard outpatient clinic/OR model. METHODS: A continuously operating otolaryngology/head and neck surgery department in a large public hospital is compared with a nonprofit specialty hospital where outpatients are selected for weeklong surgical campaigns. The number and variety of otologic visits and operations in each setting, presence of expert supervision, and resident-trainees' surgical progress were tallied...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Kwan-Sub Kim, Nam-Kyung Yeo, Seong-Su Kim, Woong-Sub Park, Su-Hyun Kwak, Sang-Hyeon Cho, Gyu-Wan Sung, Hae-Sook Kim, Sang-Wook Yi, Hae Jun Cho
PURPOSE: Nasal packing is an option for bleeding control after endoscopic sinus surgery and septoplasty. Although new packing materials have been developed, patients still suffer from pain and require additional analgesics treatments. In this study, a prospective, randomized, and double-blind controlled trial was designed to evaluate the effect of fentanyl-soaked packing on pain after endoscopic sinus surgery and septoplasty. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two patients who underwent nasal surgeries due to chronic rhinosinusitis or nasal septal deviation were enrolled in this study...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Es-Hak Bedri, Miriam Redleaf
OBJECTIVES: In Ethiopia, 2-stage operations with middle ear prostheses are economically unfavorable. We hypothesized that single-stage autologous ossiculoplasty results in acceptable tympanic membrane (TM) and hearing improvements in a setting of limited resources. METHODS: One hundred eighty-eight patients (197 ears) who underwent 1-stage autologous ossiculoplasty for ossicular dysfunction are presented. All but 14 of these ears also had perforations of the TM...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Jonathan Delgado Hernández, Nieves M León Gómez, Alejandra Jiménez, Laura M Izquierdo, Ben Barsties V Latoszek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the Acoustic Voice Quality Index 03.01 (AVQIv3) and the Acoustic Breathiness Index (ABI) in the Spanish language. METHOD: Concatenated voice samples of continuous speech (cs) and sustained vowel (sv) from 136 subjects with dysphonia and 47 vocally healthy subjects were perceptually judged for overall voice quality and breathiness severity. First, to reach a higher level of ecological validity, the proportions of cs and sv were equalized regarding the time length of 3 seconds sv part and voiced cs part, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Kareem O Tawfik, Jeffrey J Harmon, Zoe Walters, Ravi Samy, Alessandro de Alarcon, Shawn M Stevens, Todd Abruzzo
OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of the rare complication of facial palsy following preoperative embolization of a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA). To illustrate the vascular supply to the facial nerve and as a result, highlight the etiology of the facial nerve palsy. METHODS: The angiography and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of a case of facial palsy following preoperative embolization of a JNA is reviewed. RESULTS: A 13-year-old male developed left-sided facial palsy following preoperative embolization of a left-sided JNA...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Paul R Wistermayer, Wesley R McIlwain, Nicholas Ieronimakis, Derek J Rogers
OBJECTIVE: Validate an accurate and reproducible method of measuring the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the upper airway. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective animal study done at a tertiary care medical treatment facility. Control images were obtained using endotracheal tubes of varying sizes. In vivo images were obtained from various timepoints of a concurrent study on subglottic stenosis. Using a 0° rod telescope, an instrument was placed at the level of interest, and a photo was obtained...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
C Scott Brown, Kevin J Choi, David M Kaylie
OBJECTIVE: To assess the imaging findings of computed topography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in adults with postlingual deafness and otherwise normal clinical history and physical exam. Additionally, determine the influence and implications of these findings with respect to surgical outcomes and cost. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS: Adults with postlingual deafness with no history of prior ear surgery, chronic ear disease, meningitis, otosclerosis, or head trauma...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Rong-San Jiang, Kai-Li Liang
OBJECTIVES: The Snap & Sniff® Threshold Test (S&S) has been recently developed to determine the olfactory threshold. The aim of this study was to further evaluate the validity and test-retest reliability of the S&S. METHODS: The olfactory thresholds of 120 participants were determined using both the Smell Threshold Test (STT) and the S&S. The participants included 30 normosmic volunteers and 90 patients (60 hyposmic, 30 anosmic). The normosmic participants were retested using the STT and S&S at an intertest interval of at least 1 day...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Neil Saez, Giriraj K Sharma, Christian H Barnes, Yuxin Lu, Frank P Hsu, Kevin C Huoh, Hamid R Djalilian, Harrison W Lin
OBJECTIVES: Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC) are benign, rapidly growing osteolytic lesions. Solid variant of ABC (SVABC) is a rare subtype of ABC that has not been reported in the temporal bone. METHODS: We report the case of a 6-year-old boy presenting with a slowly enlarging bony protuberance over the right zygomatic/malar eminence region. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a 2.6 × 5.8 × 5.1 cm temporal bone mass involving the right mastoid, petrous, and temporal squamosal calvarium, with extradural intracranial extension to the middle cranial fossa...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Galit Almosnino, Daniel M Zeitler, Seth R Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate whether prophylactic antibiotics administered following cochlear implant (CI) surgery impact short-term infection rates. DESIGN: Retrospective, concurrent, case-control. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: All patients (range, 9 months-91 years) undergoing cochlear implantation between 2013 and 2017 (n = 188). INTERVENTION(S): Starting in 2015, one surgeon stopped prescribing postoperative antibiotics after CI surgery...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Aaron D Friedman, Mark E Gerber, Mihir K Bhayani, Kristine Kuchta, Kanav Kumar, Aobo Ma, Yupeng Ren, Li-Qun Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics of laser-protected endotracheal tubes (LPETs) valued by otolaryngologists performing transoral laser surgery in the head and neck and to measure LPET stiffness. METHODS: An online questionnaire was completed by American Broncho-Esophagological Association (ABEA) and American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) members. LPET distal end compliance was measured in a biomechanics laboratory. RESULTS: A total of 228 out of 2109 combined ABEA and AHNS members completed the survey...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Alexander Edward S Dy, José Florencio F Lapeña
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between age, external auditory canal (EAC) dimensions, and cerumen retention/impaction among persons with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated EAC dimensions, cerumen retention/impaction, and middle ear status with pneumatoscopy after extraction in 130 persons with DS. Descriptive and inferential statistics correlated age, presence of impacted/retained cerumen, and EAC diameter. RESULTS: Of 260 ears in 67 males and 63 females with average age of 9...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Hideaki Suzuki, Tetsuro Wakasugi, Takuro Kitamura, Hiroki Koizumi, Ba Hung Do, Toyoaki Ohbuchi
OBJECTIVE: We studied the effect of intratympanic steroid administration with different total injection times on hearing outcomes in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). METHODS: The subjects were 191 consecutive patients (192 ears) with ISSNHL (hearing level ≥40 dB, interval between onset and treatment ≤30 days). They received systemic prednisolone (100 mg followed by tapered doses) combined with intratympanic injection of dexamethasone (4 mg/ml)...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Yoon Chan Rah, Won Gue Han, Jae Woo Joo, Kuk Jin Nam, Jihye Rhee, Jae Jun Song, Gi Jung Im, Sung Won Chae, Hak Hyun Jung, June Choi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate long-term hearing changes and surgical outcomes for middle ear cholesteatoma with labyrinthine fistula following complete surgical removal of the cholesteatoma matrix. METHODS: Consecutive samples of 43 patients who underwent 1-stage complete resection of the cholesteatoma matrix overlying a labyrinthine fistula were obtained. Immediate and long-term hearing changes were analyzed in association with fistula size. Accuracy of various diagnostic examinations was assessed...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Es-Hak Bedri, Asnake Bitew, Miriam Redleaf
BACKGROUND: The English language literature finds no clear protocols for otologic surgery for HIV+ patients. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that simple tympanoplasty and type III tympanoplasty in HIV+ patients with CD4 >400 cells/cc results in tympanic membrane closures and hearing improvements equivalent to the same procedures in controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective review documents the otologic conditions and operative results of 32 HIV+ patients and 32 controls...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Erin T Ostby, Brianna K Crawley
INTRODUCTION: Helmet use is well known to greatly reduce the risk of head injury in both bicycle and motorcycle riding. However, helmet buckle position may increase the risk of injury to the neck cartilages. We present a series of cases in which thyroid cartilage fracture is presumed to arise from the position of the helmet buckle during a crash. Our objective with this case series is to outline an unusual series of cases and review the literature regarding laryngeal injuries secondary to helmet impact...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Axel Wolf, Bertold Renner, Peter V Tomazic, Christian A Mueller
OBJECTIVES: Recent research has shown that taste receptors in airway epithelial cells are involved in defending against upper respiratory tract infection. The aim of the present study was to investigate gustatory function in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODS: Taste function was assessed using the extended "taste strip" test in 37 patients with CRS (20 males, 17 females; mean age = 32.1 years; range, 20-82 years) and 135 healthy controls (70 males, 65 females; mean age = 29...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
William E Karle, Samuel N Helman, Amy Cooper, Yuan Zhang, Michael J Pitman
OBJECTIVE: Sulcus vocalis and vocal fold scar involve derangement of the superficial lamina propria of the vocal fold, which results in significant dysphonia. Many options exist for treatment, most of which have unsatisfactory and unpredictable outcomes. Autologous transplantation of temporalis fascia into the vocal fold (ATFV) has the potential to be a better treatment option, but long-term outcomes have not been well studied. METHODS: Retrospective chart review and patient survey...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Craig E Berzofsky, Tali Lando, Sandra Ettema, Jennifer Nelson, Gayle Woodson
OBJECTIVES: Type 1 laryngeal cleft (T1LC) is a congenital deficiency in the posterior glottis, resulting in a communication between the hypopharynx and glottis. No consensus treatment paradigm exists for timing and criteria for patient selection for surgical repair. Our goal is to assess whether patient characteristics can help predict improvement after surgery. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board exemption, a retrospective chart review was performed for patients undergoing surgery to diagnose a T1LC...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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