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Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913710/lessons-learned-from-35-cases-of-laryngeal-foreign-bodies-undergoing-misdiagnosis-in-pediatric-population
#1
Qingguo Chen, Hanqi Chu, Yanling Tao, Hongyan Huang, Liyan Peng
OBJECTIVES: To present 35 cases of laryngeal foreign bodies (FBs) in pediatric population undergoing misdiagnosis so as to draw on our lessons to improve early diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis over 15 years was conducted of 35 cases of laryngeal FBs undergoing misdiagnosis in children. Meanwhile, a control group, including 42 cases of laryngeal FBs without misdiagnosis in children, was set. These patients' clinical data were collected and analyzed to identify the risk factors for misdiagnosis...
December 2, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913709/hpv-positive-oropharyngeal-cancer-via-p16-immunohistochemistry-in-japan
#2
Julia Toman, Scott Von Larson, Hirohito Umeno, Takashi Kurita, Tohru Furusaka, Hisashi Hasegawa, Manju L Prasad, Clarence T Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus (HPV) has emerged as a driving cause of head and neck cancer, but investigations outside the West are limited. A p16 immunohistochemistry is a commonly used biomarker for HPV cancers. We sought to investigate the pathology and rates of HPV head and neck oropharyngeal cancer in Japan via p16 immunohistochemistry at 2 institutions in Japan. METHODS: Fifty-nine oropharyngeal specimens from 2 university hospitals in Japan were examined for morphology and p16 immunohistochemistry...
December 2, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881797/deterioration-of-vestibular-cells-in-labyrinthitis
#3
Serdar Kaya, Patricia A Schachern, Vladimir Tsuprun, Michael M Paparella, Sebahattin Cureoglu
OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively assess the effect of serous labyrinthitis, suppurative labyrinthitis, and labyrinthitis ossificans on vestibular hair cells, dark cells, and transitional cells. METHODS: We examined human temporal bone specimens with serous labyrinthitis, suppurative labyrinthitis, and labyrinthitis ossificans, then compared them with age-matched control groups without labyrinthitis. We evaluated the density of type I and II vestibular hair cells, dark cells, and transitional cells in the peripheral sensorial organs...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866146/hearing-preservation-after-penetrating-cochlear-injury
#4
George S Tarasidis, Richard H Wiggins, Richard K Gurgel
OBJECTIVES: To share results and recommendations for management of penetrating cochlear injury. METHODS: A patient underwent repair of a penetrating cochlear injury after a projectile led to a traumatic cochleostomy with a narrow miss of the facial nerve and intracranial carotid artery. RESULTS: Postoperatively, the patient's audiogram demonstrated a pure tone average of 47.5 dB for air conduction and 35 dB for bone conduction, worse in the high frequencies, with a Word Recognition Score of 76%...
November 19, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864505/endoscopic-management-of-idiopathic-subglottic-stenosis-factors-affecting-inter-dilation-interval
#5
Sepehr Shabani, Matthew R Hoffman, William T Brand, Seth H Dailey
OBJECTIVE: To describe a homogeneous idiopathic subglottic stenosis (ISS) population undergoing endoscopic balloon dilation and evaluate factors affecting inter-dilation interval (IDI). METHODS: Retrospective review of 37 patients. Co-morbidity prevalence versus normal population was evaluated using chi-square tests. Correlations were evaluated using Pearson product moment tests. Independent samples t tests/rank sum tests assessed differences between groups of interest...
November 18, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831518/multivariate-analysis-of-risk-factors-in-the-development-of-a-lower-pitched-voice-after-thyroidectomy
#6
Jun-Ook Park, Ja-Sung Bae, So-Hee Lee, Mi-Ran Shim, Yeon-Shin Hwang, Young-Hoon Joo, Young Hak Park, Dong-Il Sun
OBJECTIVES: Thyroid surgeons frequently encounter outpatients with mobile vocal cords complaining of lower-pitched voices following thyroidectomy. This study investigated the clinical and pathological parameters affecting voice pitch following thyroid surgery. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 393 patients with mobile vocal cords and who also underwent thyroid surgery. Speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) and fundamental frequency (F0) were compared before and after surgery...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831517/nasal-and-tracheal-cytological-changes-after-total-laryngectomy-in-long-term-survivors
#7
Giuseppe Riva, Monica Boita, Andrea Corvino, Matteo Sensini, Daniela Peruzzetto, Luigi Chiusa, Giancarlo Pecorari, Massimiliano Garzaro
OBJECTIVE: Complete separation of upper and lower respiratory tract after total laryngectomy results in permanent effects on nasal cavities and tracheo-bronchial airways. Aim of this study is evaluating nasal and tracheal cytological alterations of mucosa in laryngectomy long-term survivors, analyzing the feasibility of scraping for cytological examination of tracheal mucosa. METHODS: Twenty-five laryngectomy patients underwent symptoms' evaluation, endoscopic fiber optic examination, prick tests, and nasal and tracheal scraping for cytological exam...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831516/swallowing-quality-of-life-after-zona-incerta-deep-brain-stimulation
#8
Stina Sundstedt, Erik Nordh, Jan Linder, Johanna Hedström, Caterina Finizia, Katarina Olofsson
OBJECTIVES: The management of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been improved, but management of signs like swallowing problems is still challenging. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) alleviates the cardinal motor symptoms and improves quality of life, but its effect on swallowing is not fully explored. The purpose of this study was to examine self-reported swallowing-specific quality of life before and after caudal zona incerta DBS (cZI DBS) in comparison with a control group. METHODS: Nine PD patients (2 women and 7 men) completed the self-report Swallowing Quality of Life questionnaire (SWAL-QOL) before and 12 months after cZI DBS surgery...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831515/soft-palate-injuries-during-orotracheal-intubation-with-the-videolaryngoscope
#9
Quang Pham, Mark Lentner, Amanda Hu
OBJECTIVE: The videolaryngoscope has gained popularity for providing superior visualization in intubations. A rare complication of this technology is soft palate injury. Through a literature review and case series, we highlight the risks associated with the Glidescope and McGrath videolaryngoscopes and the management of soft palate injuries. METHOD: A case series of multi-institutional review of medical records was performed to identify patients with soft palate injuries from the videolaryngoscope...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831514/diagnostic-challenges-in-a-case-of-igg4-rd-affecting-the-temporal-bone
#10
Jackson Ross Vuncannon, Nicholas John Panella, Kelly R Magliocca, Douglas E Mattox
INTRODUCTION: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently described fibroinflammatory condition with a characteristic histology. While IgG4-RD can affect a great variety of anatomical sites, it has been seldom described in the temporal bone. METHODS: Herein, a case IgG4-RD occurring in the temporal bone of a 35-year-old woman is reported. DISCUSSION: This case of IgG4-RD of the temporal bone proved a uniquely challenging diagnosis due to slightly atypical histology falling outside of "highly suggestive" criteria...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831513/book-review-cases-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#11
Gina L Palma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780908/measuring-oxidative-dna-damage-with-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-levels-in-patients-with-laryngeal-cancer
#12
Muhammet Recai Mazlumoglu, Ozalkan Ozkan, Hamit Hakan Alp, Ercan Ozyildirim, Fatih Bingol, Ozgur Yoruk, Ozan Kuduban
OBJECTIVES: 8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine is a biomolecule associated with DNA damage. We evaluated oxidative stress and DNA damage in patients with laryngeal cancer by measuring 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels. METHODS: This study enrolled 117 subjects, including 64 controls and 53 patients who had benign vocal cord lesions or laryngeal cancer. The benign excised lesions, tumor tissue, noncancerous laryngeal tissue, blood, and urine were subjected to high-performance liquid chromatography, and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels were compared between groups...
October 25, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738265/the-effect-of-age-and-history-of-recurrent-otitis-media-on-dichotic-listening-and-verbal-memory-in-children
#13
Zahra Jafari, Saeed Malayeri, Elahe Bahramian
OBJECTIVES: To explore the possible effects of recurrent otitis media (ROM) in early childhood on binaural processing and verbal memory in school-aged children. METHODS: Two hundred eleven children, including 31 children with and 180 children without a history of ROM, were examined. A dichotic digit test (DDT) and a forward and backward digit memory span test (DMST) were administered. RESULTS: A significant difference was observed between age groups among ROM-free children...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729479/igg4-related-disease-of-bilateral-temporal-bones
#14
Lilun Li, Bryan Ward, Margaret Cocks, Amir Kheradmand, Howard W Francis
OBJECTIVE: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an idiopathic inflammatory condition that causes pseudotumor formation in single or multiple organs, including those of the head and neck. Temporal bone involvement is rare, with only 3 cases of unilateral temporal bone IgG4-RD described in the literature. We report the first known case of IgG4-RD of bilateral temporal bones and describe its clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. METHODS: The patient was a 52-year-old man with latent tuberculosis (TB) who presented with a 10-year history of bilateral profound hearing loss and vestibular dysfunction...
October 10, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670957/interactive-iphone-ipad-app-for-increased-tympanic-membrane-familiarity
#15
Sheena Samra, Andrew Wu, Miriam Redleaf
INTRODUCTION: Otology relies on clinical examination to teach anatomy of the ear. The purpose of this report is to introduce the Buckingham Virtual Tympanum iPhone app as an adjuvant educational tool to teach the anatomical details of the tympanic membrane (TM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This app, available free at the Apple Store, was constructed using archival photographs of normal and abnormal TMs, stratified by difficulty. Each image has 4 labeled structures, linked to questions to encourage active learning...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670956/repeat-imaging-in-idiopathic-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-is-it-necessary
#16
Julia E Noel, Caroline C Jeffery, Edward Damrose
OBJECTIVE: Imaging plays a critical role in the evaluation of patients presenting with unilateral vocal fold paresis or paralysis of unknown etiology. In those with idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (iUVFP), there is no consensus regarding the need or timing of repeat imaging. This study seeks to establish the rate of delayed detection of alternate etiologies for these patients to determine if and when imaging should be repeated. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was conducted identifying patients at our institution with vocal fold movement impairment between 1998 and 2014...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620669/soccer-related-facial-trauma-a-nationwide-perspective
#17
Michael R Bobian, Curtis J Hanba, Peter F Svider, Houmehr Hojjat, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Mahdi A Shkoukani
PURPOSE: Soccer participation continues to increase among all ages in the US. Our objective was to analyze trends in soccer-related facial injury epidemiology, demographics, and mechanisms of injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was evaluated for soccer-related facial injuries from 2010 through 2014. Results for product code "soccer" were filtered for injures to the face. Number of injuries was extrapolated, and data were analyzed for age, sex, specific injury diagnoses, locations, and mechanisms...
September 12, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620668/morell-mackenzie-s-contribution-to-the-description-of-spasmodic-dysphonia
#18
Marjorie Perlman Lorch, Renata Whurr
OBJECTIVES: Since the middle of the 20th century, most discussions of spasmodic dysphonia (SD) reference a paper by Ludwig Traube published in1871 as the first historical citation, crediting him with priority for this clinical syndrome. However, our recent research has determined that the original observation by Traube was published in 1864 and does not in fact describe what is currently recognized as SD. It appears that many clinics throughout Europe and North America were investigating and publishing observations on a range of voice disorders...
September 12, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913724/novel-application-of-steroid-eluting-stents-in-choanal-atresia-repair-a-case-series
#19
John N Bangiyev, Nandini Govil, Anthony Sheyn, Michael Haupert, Prasad John Thottam
PURPOSE: To describe the application of mometasone furoate eluting sinus stent technology in the treatment of choanal atresia (CA) in the hopes of preventing postsurgical stenosis. METHODS: We analyzed 3 consecutive patients aged 4 days to 16 years undergoing repair of CA at a tertiary pediatric hospital. Mometasone furoate eluting sinus stents were placed intraoperatively. Postoperative need for revision surgery as well as routine surveillance endoscopy were used to determine success of surgery...
January 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913723/the-utility-of-the-maude-database-for-osseointegrated-auditory-implants
#20
Daniel H Coelho, Alex J Tampio
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of Manufacturer and User Friendly Device Experience (MAUDE) database in studying osseointegrated auditory implant (OAI)-related complications. METHODS: The MAUDE database was searched for all reports involving OAIs (ie, Baha, Ponto, Sophono). Complications were classified into 1 or more of 6 categories-implant, abutment, processor, skin, surgery, and other. Subcategories were generated to prevent overgeneralization. Other variables recorded included date of report, number of complications per report, manufacturer, and time from complication to report...
January 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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