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Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918644/anti-ige-and-anti-il5-biologic-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-nasal-polyposis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Alexander Rivero, Jonathan Liang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of biologic therapy on sinonasal symptoms and objective outcomes in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). METHODS: PubMed, OVID MEDLINE, and Cochrane Central were reviewed from 2000 to 2015. Inclusion criteria included English-language studies containing original data on biologic therapy in CRSwNP patients with reported outcome measures. Two investigators independently reviewed all manuscripts and performed quality assessment and quantitative meta-analysis using validated tools...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895441/successful-placement-of-a-baha-implant-in-a-patient-with-epidermolysis-bullosa-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Jason R Brown, D Micah Milgraum, Farhaad R Riyaz, Marla N Jahnke, Prasad John Thottam
INTRODUCTION: Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a spectrum of mechanobullous disorders characterized by blistering following minor trauma or traction to the skin. Hearing loss in this population is poorly described in the otolaryngology literature, and its treatment oftentimes results in external auditory canal skin irritation. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 26-year-old female with EB and mixed hearing loss unable to wear conventional hearing aids due to sequelae of the external auditory canals...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895432/intraductal-laser-fiber-tip-fracture-and-retrieval-during-sialendoscopic-laser-assisted-lithotripsy
#3
Andrew J Goates, Raymond W Kung, Chad R Tracy, Henry T Hoffman
Fragmentation of flexible laser fiber tips has been reported to occur during therapeutic bronchoscopy and urologic stone treatment. We report fragmentation of 200-µm single-use silica-based fibers during sialendoscopy-controlled Holmium:YAG laser treatment of a parotid and a submandibular stone. The technique employed to successfully retrieve the fiber tips is described in the context of identifying this potential complication from endoscopic management of sialolithiasis.
September 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895429/effectiveness-of-adenotonsillectomy-and-risk-of-velopharyngeal-insufficiency-in-children-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#4
Reema Padia, Harlan Muntz, Kathleen Pfeffer, Jeremy Meier
OBJECTIVES: (1) Review effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy (T&A) for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with Prader-Willi syndrome (PW). (2) Examine the incidence of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) after T&A in this population. (3) Compare outcomes of T&A in PW and Trisomy 21 (T21) patients. METHODS: Outcomes after T&A in a PW cohort were retrospectively reviewed and compared to those in patients with T21. RESULTS: The study cohort included 22 PW patients...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863728/venous-complications-in-one-versus-two-vein-anastomoses-in-head-and-neck-free-flaps
#5
Sobia F Khaja, Nathan Rubin, Rodrigo Bayon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare rates of reexploration and flap failure in patients with 1- and 2-vein anastomoses in free flap reconstructions. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 300 patients undergoing free flap reconstruction to head and neck defects from 2010 to 2014. RESULTS: One venous anastomosis was performed in 229 patients, and 2 venous anastomoses were performed in 71 patients. The 1-vein group had significantly more reexplorations in the operating room (36/229, 15...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849664/validation-of-an-algorithm-for-semi-automated-estimation-of-voice-relative-fundamental-frequency
#6
Yu-An S Lien, Elizabeth S Heller Murray, Carolyn R Calabrese, Carolyn M Michener, Jarrad H Van Stan, Daryush D Mehta, Robert E Hillman, J Pieter Noordzij, Cara E Stepp
OBJECTIVES: Relative fundamental frequency (RFF) has shown promise as an acoustic measure of voice, but the subjective and time-consuming nature of its manual estimation has made clinical translation infeasible. Here, a faster, more objective algorithm for RFF estimation is evaluated in a large and diverse sample of individuals with and without voice disorders. METHODS: Acoustic recordings were collected from 154 individuals with voice disorders and 36 age- and sex-matched controls with typical voices...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845678/a-preliminary-study-investigating-the-association-between-hearing-acuity-and-a-screening-cognitive-tool
#7
Siti Zamratol-Mai Sarah Mukari, Wan Syafira Ishak, Nashrah Maamor, Wan Fazlina Wan Hashim
OBJECTIVES: Studies in cognitive aging demonstrated inconsistent association between hearing and cognition in older adults. Furthermore, it is still unclear if hearing loss at high frequencies, which is the earliest to be affected, is associated with cognitive functioning. This study aimed to determine the association between global cognitive status and pure tone average (PTA) at 0.5, 1, and 2 kHz (PTA low) and PTA at 4 and 8 kHz (PTA high). METHODS: This study involved 307 adults aged 60 years and older...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831839/customized-versus-noncustomized-sound-therapy-for-treatment-of-tinnitus-a-randomized-crossover-clinical-trial
#8
Hossein Mahboubi, Yarah M Haidar, Saman Kiumehr, Kasra Ziai, Hamid R Djalilian
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of a customized sound therapy and compare its effectiveness to that of masking with broadband noise. METHODS: Subjects were randomized to receive either customized sound therapy or broadband noise for 2 hours per day for 3 months and then switched to the other treatment after a washout period. The outcome variables were tinnitus loudness (scored 0-10), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), minimum masking levels (MML), and residual inhibition (RI)...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831834/does-snoring-time-always-reflect-the-severity-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Seung-No Hong, Jun Yoo, In Sik Song, Jae Woo Joo, June Hyuk Yoo, Tae Hoon Kim, Heung Man Lee, Sang Hag Lee, Seung Hoon Lee
OBJECTIVES: Although it is commonly believed that the degree of snoring reflects the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), there is often a mismatch between the improvement in OSA and the decrease of snoring time following OSA treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between OSA severity and snoring time. METHODS: A total of 280 subjects who complained of snoring were divided by apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) into 5 groups. The snoring rate (the amount of sleep time spent snoring divided by the total sleep time) and the clinical data including polysomnographic findings were compared and analyzed...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831833/postoperative-nasal-septal-abscess-following-use-of-2-octylcyanoacrylate-and-polydioxanone-plate-in-open-septorhinoplasty-a-case-series
#10
Ryan Gall, Scott Bevans, Jon Robitschek
BACKGROUND: The employment of 2-octylcyanoacrylate adhesive (Dermabond) to assist graft placement in open septorhinoplasty has been increasingly used to stabilize cartilage grafts. Literature regarding this application has been mixed, with some showing the possibility of increased rates of inflammation, if not infection. We present an original comparative case series involving postoperative septal abscess formation adjacent to caudal strut grafting where both Dermabond and an absorbable polydioxanone (PDS) plate were used...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922938/book-review-differential-diagnosis-in-neuroimaging-head-and-neck-meyer-steven-differential-diagnosis-in-neuroimaging-head-and-neck-new-york-thieme-publishers-2017-hard-cover-illustrated-649-pages
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922937/book-review-head-and-neck-ultrasonography-essential-and-extended-applications-orloff-lisa-a-head-and-neck-ultrasonography-essential-and-extended-applications-2nd-ed-san-diego-ca-plural-publishing-2017-hard-cover-illustrated-544-pages-299-95
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863727/soluble-endoglin-cd105-serum-level-as-a-potential-marker-in-the-management-of-head-and-neck-paragangliomas
#13
Małgorzata Litwiniuk, Kazimierz Niemczyk, Justyna Niderla-Bielińska, Izabela Łukawska-Popieluch, Tomasz Grzela
OBJECTIVES: To assess the expression of endoglin in head and neck paragangliomas and the soluble endoglin level in serum of paraganglioma patients. METHODS: Seven tumor samples of patients operated for cervical paraganglioma were assessed, as well as serum samples collected preoperatively, on days 4 and 28 postoperation. Serum level of endoglin in healthy controls was also determined. Tumor samples were subjected to immunofluorescent staining and examined with confocal microscope...
October 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844147/costal-and-auricular-cartilage-grafts-for-nasal-reconstruction-an-anatomic-analysis
#14
Thuy-Van Tina Ho, Thomas Cochran, Kevin J Sykes, Clinton D Humphrey, J David Kriet
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure the length, width, and surface area of costal and auricular cartilage harvested for grafting in rhinoplasty and nasal reconstruction. We also compared the sizes of ear cartilage grafts harvested from the anterior and posterior approaches. METHODS: Fifty-eight nasal reconstructive surgeries requiring rib or ear cartilage were performed by 2 facial plastic surgeons from February 2015 through January 2016. Among the 57 cases that met inclusion criteria, they comprised of 33 costal cartilage grafts and 24 auricular cartilage grafts (17 via anterior approach and 7 via posterior approach)...
October 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770621/longitudinal-perioperative-pain-assessment-in-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery
#15
Marisa R Buchakjian, Andrew B Davis, Sebastian J Sciegienka, Nitin A Pagedar, Steven M Sperry
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perioperative pain in patients undergoing major head and neck cancer surgery and identify associations between preoperative and postoperative pain characteristics. METHODS: Patients undergoing head and neck surgery with regional/free tissue transfer were enrolled. Preoperative pain and validated screens for symptoms (neuropathic pain, anxiety, depression, fibromyalgia) were assessed. Postoperatively, patients completed a pain diary for 4 weeks...
September 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766977/surgical-management-of-supraglottic-stenosis-using-intubationless-optiflow
#16
Kenric Tam, Caroline Jeffery, C Kwang Sung
OBJECTIVE: Airway management during endoscopic surgical treatment of supraglottic and pharyngeal stenosis is often challenging and can be accomplished by various means, including tracheostomy, jet ventilation, or direct laryngoscopy. We describe CO2 laser excision of supraglottic-pharyngeal stenosis using intubationless Optiflow high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC). METHODS: A 55-year-old male presented with dyspnea and dysphagia secondary to severe supraglottic-pharyngeal stenosis in the setting of previous chemoradiation for a T0N2aM0 squamous cell carcinoma...
September 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766959/pediatric-chronic-rhinosinusitis-management-in-rhinologists-and-pediatric-otolaryngologists
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Daniel M Beswick, Anna H Messner, Peter H Hwang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the management of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS) between members of the American Rhinologic Society (ARS) and the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology (ASPO). STUDY DESIGN: Comparison of surveys. METHODS: A web-based survey was distributed to ASPO membership twice in September-October 2016. Data were compared to previously published data from ARS membership in March-April 2016. RESULTS: ASPO survey completion rate was 22%...
September 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766955/risk-factors-of-stomal-recurrence-after-laryngectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Jinyu Mei, Zhaohui Huang, Kaile Wu, Yi Zhao, Jianming Yang, Yehai Liu
OBJECTIVE: We wished to investigate the risk factors for stoma recurrence following laryngectomy. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase were searched to identify primary research studies published between January 1, 1967, and October 31, 2016. We only included observational epidemiological studies and used risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) to summarize the primary risk factors associated with recurrence following laryngectomy. RESULTS: A total of 44 articles, including 11 928 patients, were included in the current meta-analysis...
September 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766954/dysphagia-in-rett-syndrome-a-descriptive-study
#19
Chiara Mezzedimi, Walter Livi, Claudio De Felice, Serena Cocca
OBJECTIVES: Rett syndrome (RS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder and the second major cause of mental retardation in females. The aim of this study was to evaluate swallowing problems of RS patients by endoscopic assessment and compile a list of suggestions for managing feeding and preventing complications. METHODS: The sample consisted of 61 female patients (mean age = 13.6 years, range, 2-33 years) admitted to the Department of Neuropsychiatry, where they had previously been diagnosed with RS...
September 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719972/risk-stratification-of-thyroid-nodules-with-atypia-of-undetermined-significance-follicular-lesion-of-undetermined-significance-aus-flus-cytology-using-ultrasonography-patterns-defined-by-the-2015-ata-guidelines
#20
Ji Hye Lee, Kyunghwa Han, Eun-Kyung Kim, Hee Jung Moon, Jung Hyun Yoon, Vivian Y Park, Jin Young Kwak
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of ultrasonography (US) patterns based on the 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines for malignancy in atypia of undetermined significance or follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) nodules. METHODS: From January 2014 to August 2015, 133 thyroid nodules that were initially diagnosed as AUS/FLUS on fine needle aspiration (FNA) were included in this study. Each nodule was assigned a category with US patterns defined by the ATA guidelines...
September 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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