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Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology

Zahra Jafari, Saeed Malayeri, Elahe Bahramian
OBJECTIVES: To explore the possible effects of recurrent otitis media (ROM) in early childhood on binaural processing and verbal memory in school-aged children. METHODS: Two hundred eleven children, including 31 children with and 180 children without a history of ROM, were examined. A dichotic digit test (DDT) and a forward and backward digit memory span test (DMST) were administered. RESULTS: A significant difference was observed between age groups among ROM-free children...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Lilun Li, Bryan Ward, Margaret Cocks, Amir Kheradmand, Howard W Francis
OBJECTIVE: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an idiopathic inflammatory condition that causes pseudotumor formation in single or multiple organs, including those of the head and neck. Temporal bone involvement is rare, with only 3 cases of unilateral temporal bone IgG4-RD described in the literature. We report the first known case of IgG4-RD of bilateral temporal bones and describe its clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. METHODS: The patient was a 52-year-old man with latent tuberculosis (TB) who presented with a 10-year history of bilateral profound hearing loss and vestibular dysfunction...
October 10, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Elisabeth H Ference, Jin-Young Min, Rakesh K Chandra, James W Schroeder, Jody D Ciolino, Amy Yang, Jane Holl, Stephanie Shintani Smith
BACKGROUND: This study investigates differences in antibiotic prescribing rates for pediatric upper respiratory infections (URIs) between physicians and nurse practitioners (NPs). METHODS: Visits by children <18 years old diagnosed with URI to physicians or NPs between 2001 and 2010 were abstracted from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Care Survey. Logistic regression analyses examined variations in antibiotic prescribing rates...
October 5, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Richard Nicollas, Eric Moreddu, Claire Le Treut-Gay, Stéphane Roman, Julien Mancini, Jean-Michel Triglia
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this retrospective study is to compare the management and outcome of surgical treatment of laryngotracheal stenosis in children and infants with and without an associated neurological disorder. PATIENTS AND METHOD: In a series of children operated on for subglottic stenosis (SGS), patients with an associated neurological disorder were identified. The following criteria were compared in children with and without neurological disease: grade of stenosis, age, technique (Crico-Tracheal Resection (CTR), Laryngo-Tracheo-Plasty (LTP) in single and 2 stage, laser), analyzing duration, preoperative tracheostomy, decannulation rate, preoperative gastrostomy, and number of days in intensive care unit and in hospital...
September 29, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Philip G Chen, Jae Murphy, Les M Alloju, Sam Boase, Peter-John Wormald
OBJECTIVES: Nasal irrigation is standard in the management of chronic rhinosinusitis both before and after surgical intervention. Numerous irrigation devices are commercially available. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of a handheld pulse irrigation device against the gold standard manual squeeze bottle after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). METHODS: Five cadaveric specimens were prepared with video visualization ports into each sinus. Endoscopic sinus surgery was performed on each cadaver from minimal to maximal dissection...
September 29, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Thuy Frakking, Anne Chang, Kerry O'Grady, Michael David, Kelly Weir
BACKGROUND: Cervical auscultation (CA) may be used to complement feeding/swallowing evaluations when assessing for aspiration. There are no published pediatric studies that compare the properties of sounds between aspirating and nonaspirating swallows. AIM: To establish acoustic and perceptual profiles of aspirating and nonaspirating swallow sounds and determine if a difference exists between these 2 swallowing types. METHODS: Aspiration sound clips were obtained from recordings using CA simultaneously undertaken with videofluoroscopic swallow study...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Sheena Samra, Andrew Wu, Miriam Redleaf
INTRODUCTION: Otology relies on clinical examination to teach anatomy of the ear. The purpose of this report is to introduce the Buckingham Virtual Tympanum iPhone app as an adjuvant educational tool to teach the anatomical details of the tympanic membrane (TM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This app, available free at the Apple Store, was constructed using archival photographs of normal and abnormal TMs, stratified by difficulty. Each image has 4 labeled structures, linked to questions to encourage active learning...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Julia E Noel, Caroline C Jeffery, Edward Damrose
OBJECTIVE: Imaging plays a critical role in the evaluation of patients presenting with unilateral vocal fold paresis or paralysis of unknown etiology. In those with idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (iUVFP), there is no consensus regarding the need or timing of repeat imaging. This study seeks to establish the rate of delayed detection of alternate etiologies for these patients to determine if and when imaging should be repeated. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was conducted identifying patients at our institution with vocal fold movement impairment between 1998 and 2014...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Michael R Bobian, Curtis J Hanba, Peter F Svider, Houmehr Hojjat, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Mahdi A Shkoukani
PURPOSE: Soccer participation continues to increase among all ages in the US. Our objective was to analyze trends in soccer-related facial injury epidemiology, demographics, and mechanisms of injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was evaluated for soccer-related facial injuries from 2010 through 2014. Results for product code "soccer" were filtered for injures to the face. Number of injuries was extrapolated, and data were analyzed for age, sex, specific injury diagnoses, locations, and mechanisms...
September 12, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Marjorie Perlman Lorch, Renata Whurr
OBJECTIVES: Since the middle of the 20th century, most discussions of spasmodic dysphonia (SD) reference a paper by Ludwig Traube published in1871 as the first historical citation, crediting him with priority for this clinical syndrome. However, our recent research has determined that the original observation by Traube was published in 1864 and does not in fact describe what is currently recognized as SD. It appears that many clinics throughout Europe and North America were investigating and publishing observations on a range of voice disorders...
September 12, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
M Tayyar Kalcioglu, Serkan Serifler, Oguz Kadir Egilmez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Robert D Engle, Mark Chaskes, Edward Wladis, Carlos D Pinheiro-Neto
OBJECTIVE: Fractures of the orbital floor are common yet repaired by various techniques, including open periorbital, transantral endoscopic, and endoscopic endonasal approaches. To date, endoscopic endonasal repair of an orbital floor fracture using an alloplastic implant has not been described. We aim to determine the technique and limitations of completely endoscopic endonasal orbital floor repair using an alloplastic implant. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric anatomic study and retrospective case series...
September 7, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Bryan J Liming, Anthony Fischer, Graeme Pitcher
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body ingestion is a common pediatric problem that can have a delayed presentation, as presented herein. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 15-year-old female who developed bronchial compression and an acquired tracheoesophageal fistula secondary to a longstanding esophageal foreign body. DISCUSSION: There are several challenges in diagnosis and management of this unusual situation. We review the literature regarding prolonged retention of foreign bodies and the challenges in diagnosis in the developmentally disabled child...
September 7, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Jehad Al-Ramahi, Huiping Luo, Rui Fang, Adriana Chou, Jack Jiang, Tony Kille
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to create a 3D printed airway model simulating the size and mechanical properties of various age groups for foreign body removal training. METHODS: Three-dimensional printing technology was used to print the anatomically correct airway from rubber-like translucent material, simulating the mechanical properties of human airway tissue. The model's effectiveness in trainee education was evaluated by otolaryngology residents with varying levels of experience...
September 7, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Liuba Soldatova, Candace Hrelec, Laura Matrka
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the results of routine spirometry and flow volume loops (Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs)) can be used to distinguish Paradoxic Vocal Fold Movement Disorder (PVFMD) from Subglottic Stenosis (SGS). METHODS: PFT records and medical history of 49 patients with diagnosis of PVFMD and 39 patients with SGS were compared. Groups were then subdivided to compare PFTs in patients with and without smoking history or lung disease. RESULTS: Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and Expiratory Disproportion Index (ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) over PEFR (FEV1/PEFR)) were both significantly different between patients with SGS and those with PVFMD (p<0...
August 23, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Minsu Kwon, Ji-Hyun Seo, Ki Ju Cho, Seong Jun Won, Seung Hoon Woo, Jin Pyeong Kim, Jung Je Park
OBJECTIVES: The indications and benefits of surgery in the management of pediatric acute suppurative cervical lymphadenitis (ASCL) remain unclear. We aimed to design a management protocol focusing on the avoidance of unnecessary operation in pediatric ASCL patients. METHODS: The study population consisted of 45 pediatric patients with ASCL treated with antibiotics alone and 30 surgically treated patients. The primary outcome was the determination of differences in patient characteristics and radiologic findings in the 2 groups...
August 23, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Ryan C Branski, Gregory R Dion, Simon Best
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Yoon Chan Rah, Ji Young Lee, Myung-Whan Suh, Moo Kyun Park, Jun Ho Lee, Sun O Chang, Seung-Ha Oh
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal surgical approach for cochlear implantation (CI) preoperatively based on the spatial relation of a displaced facial nerve (FN) and middle ear structures and to analyze clinical outcomes of CHARGE syndrome. METHODS: Facial nerve displacement and associated deviation of inner ear structures were analyzed in 13 patients (17 ears) with CHARGE syndrome who underwent CI. Surgical accessibility through the facial recess was assessed based on anatomical landmarks...
November 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Aki Inoue, Naoya Egami, Chisato Fujimoto, Makoto Kinoshita, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shinichi Iwasaki
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether both cervical and ocular vestibular myogenic potentials (cVEMPs and oVEMPs) to air-conducted sound (ACS) and bone-conducted vibration (BCV) can help to differentiate vestibular migraine (VM) and Menière's disease (MD). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTINGS: A tertiary referral center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with VM, 28 patients with definite unilateral MD, and 28 age-matched controls were included...
November 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Erynne A Faucett, Brandon T Larsen, Rihan Khan, Alexander G Chiu, Eugene H Chang
Sinonasal schwannomas with intracranial extension are exceedingly rare, with only 7 cases reported in the literature. Schwannomas can be isolated or multiple and are commonly associated with familial disorders such as neurofibromatosis 2 (NF 2) or familial schwannomatosis or in sporadic cases seen in sporadic schwannomatosis. Nearly all people with NF2 older than 30 years of age will have the hallmark of bilateral vestibular schwannomas (VS). This case highlights a reported case of an adult with separate primary intracranial tumors...
November 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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