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Annals of Internal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#1
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192792/management-of-low-back-pain-getting-from-evidence-based-recommendations-to-high-value-care
#2
Steven J Atlas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192791/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192790/systemic-pharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#4
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed pharmacologic options for low back pain. New evidence and medications have now become available. Purpose: To review the current evidence on systemic pharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through November 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192789/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#5
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert M McLean, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166548/nicotine-carcinogen-and-toxin-exposure-in-long-term-e-cigarette-and-nicotine-replacement-therapy-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Lion Shahab, Maciej L Goniewicz, Benjamin C Blount, Jamie Brown, Ann McNeill, K Udeni Alwis, June Feng, Lanqing Wang, Robert West
Background: Given the rapid increase in the popularity of e-cigarettes and the paucity of associated longitudinal health-related data, the need to assess the potential risks of long-term use is essential. Objective: To compare exposure to nicotine, tobacco-related carcinogens, and toxins among smokers of combustible cigarettes only, former smokers with long-term e-cigarette use only, former smokers with long-term nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) use only, long-term dual users of both combustible cigarettes and e-cigarettes, and long-term users of both combustible cigarettes and NRT...
February 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166546/the-relationship-of-obesity-to-hospice-use-and-expenditures-a-cohort-study
#7
John A Harris, Elena Byhoff, Chithra R Perumalswami, Kenneth M Langa, Alexi A Wright, Jennifer J Griggs
Background: Obesity complicates medical, nursing, and informal care in severe illness, but its effect on hospice use and Medicare expenditures is unknown. Objective: To describe the associations between body mass index (BMI) and hospice use and Medicare expenditures in the last 6 months of life. Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: The HRS (Health and Retirement Study). Participants: 5677 community-dwelling Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries who died between 1998 and 2012...
February 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166545/planned-parenthood-provides-essential-services-that-improve-women-s-health
#8
Hal C Lawrence, Debra L Ness
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135726/the-relationships-among-exposure-to-violence-psychological-distress-and-gun-carrying-among-male-adolescents-found-guilty-of-serious-legal-offenses-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#9
Joan A Reid, Tara N Richards, Thomas A Loughran, Edward P Mulvey
Background: Gun violence and psychological problems are often conflated in public discourse on gun safety. However, few studies have empirically assessed the effect of exposure to violence when exploring the association between gun carrying and psychological distress. Objective: To examine the potential effect of exposure to violence on the associations between gun carrying and psychological distress among vulnerable adolescents. Design: Longitudinal cohort study...
January 31, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135724/allocation-of-internal-medicine-resident-time-in-a-swiss-hospital-a-time-and-motion-study-of-day-and-evening-shifts
#10
Nathalie Wenger, Marie Méan, Julien Castioni, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Antoine Garnier
Background: Little current evidence documents how internal medicine residents spend their time at work, particularly with regard to the proportions of time spent in direct patient care versus using computers. Objective: To describe how residents allocate their time during day and evening hospital shifts. Design: Time and motion study. Setting: Internal medicine residency at a university hospital in Switzerland, May to July 2015...
January 31, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114686/making-the-most-of-simplified-sleep-apnea-testing
#11
Lucas M Donovan, Sanjay R Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114685/laboratory-or-at-home-sleep-studies-for-the-evaluation-of-patients-suspected-to-have-sleep-apnea
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114684/coverage-and-access-for-americans-with-chronic-disease-under-the-affordable-care-act-a-quasi-experimental-study
#13
Hugo Torres, Elisabeth Poorman, Uma Tadepalli, Cynthia Schoettler, Chin Ho Fung, Nicole Mushero, Lauren Campbell, Gaurab Basu, Danny McCormick
Background: Half of Americans have at least 1 chronic disease. Many in this group, particularly racial/ethnic minorities, lacked insurance coverage and access to care before the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was enacted. Objective: To determine whether the ACA has had an effect on insurance coverage, access to care, and racial/ethnic disparities among adults with chronic disease. Design: Quasi-experimental policy intervention...
January 24, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114683/physician-decision-making-and-clinical-outcomes-with-laboratory-polysomnography-or-limited-channel-sleep-studies-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-trial
#14
Ching Li Chai-Coetzer, Nick A Antic, Garun S Hamilton, Nigel McArdle, Keith Wong, Brendon J Yee, Aeneas Yeo, Rajeev Ratnavadivel, Matthew T Naughton, Teanau Roebuck, Richard Woodman, R Doug McEvoy
Background: The clinical utility of limited-channel sleep studies (which are increasingly conducted at home) versus laboratory polysomnography (PSG) for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is unclear. Objective: To compare patient outcomes after PSG versus limited-channel studies. Design: Multicenter, randomized, noninferiority study. (Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12611000926932). Setting: 7 academic sleep centers...
January 24, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135725/pharmacologic-treatment-of-hypertension-in-adults-aged-60-years-or-older-to-higher-versus-lower-blood-pressure-targets-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians-and-the-american-academy-of-family-physicians
#15
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert Rich, Linda L Humphrey, Jennifer Frost, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) jointly developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations based on the benefits and harms of higher versus lower blood pressure targets for the treatment of hypertension in adults aged 60 years or older. Methods: This guideline is based on a systematic review of published randomized, controlled trials for primary outcomes and observational studies for harms only (identified through EMBASE, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, MEDLINE, and ClinicalTrials...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114673/benefits-and-harms-of-intensive-blood-pressure-treatment-in-adults-aged-60-years-or-older-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Jessica Weiss, Michele Freeman, Allison Low, Rochelle Fu, Amy Kerfoot, Robin Paynter, Makalapua Motu'apuaka, Karli Kondo, Devan Kansagara
Background: Recent guidelines recommend a systolic blood pressure (SBP) goal of less than 150 mm Hg for adults aged 60 years or older, but the balance of benefits and harms is unclear in light of newer evidence. Purpose: To systematically review the effects of more versus less intensive BP control in older adults. Data Sources: Multiple databases through January 2015 and MEDLINE to September 2016. Study Selection: 21 randomized, controlled trials comparing BP targets or treatment intensity, and 3 observational studies that assessed harms...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114648/patient-provider-and-combined-interventions-for-managing-osteoarthritis-in-primary-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#17
Kelli D Allen, Eugene Z Oddone, Cynthia J Coffman, Amy S Jeffreys, Hayden B Bosworth, Ranee Chatterjee, Jennifer McDuffie, Jennifer L Strauss, William S Yancy, Santanu K Datta, Leonor Corsino, Rowena J Dolor
Background: A single-site study showed that a combined patient and provider intervention improved outcomes for patients with knee osteoarthritis, but it did not assess separate effects of the interventions. Objective: To examine whether patient-based, provider-based, and patient-provider interventions improve osteoarthritis outcomes. Design: Cluster randomized trial with assignment to patient, provider, and patient-provider interventions or usual care...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114616/pharmacologic-treatment-of-hypertension-in-adults-aged-60-years-or-older-to-higher-versus-lower-blood-pressure-targets
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114514/blood-pressure-treatment-targets-in-adults-aged-60-years-or-older
#19
Michael Pignone, Anthony J Viera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114663/the-affordable-care-act-do-no-harm
#20
Susan Dentzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
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