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Annals of Internal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055075/oral-pharmacologic-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-clinical-practice-guideline-update-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#1
Amir Qaseem, Michael J Barry, Linda L Humphrey, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on oral pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults. This guideline serves as an update to the 2012 ACP guideline on the same topic. This guideline is endorsed by the American Academy of Family Physicians. Methods: This guideline is based on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and observational studies published through December 2015 on the comparative effectiveness of oral medications for type 2 diabetes...
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055052/metformin-use-in-patients-with-historical-contraindications
#2
Kasia J Lipska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055051/at-last-a-good-estimate-of-the-magnitude-of-the-private-sale-loophole-for-firearms
#3
Philip J Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055050/firearm-acquisition-without-background-checks-results-of-a-national-survey
#4
Matthew Miller, Lisa Hepburn, Deborah Azrael
Background: In 1994, 40% of U.S. gun owners who had recently acquired a firearm did so without a background check. No contemporary estimates exist. Objective: To estimate the proportion of current U.S. gun owners who acquired their most recent firearm without a background check, by time since and manner of acquisition, for the nation as a whole and separately in states with and without legislation regulating private sales. Design: Probability-based online survey...
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055049/clinical-outcomes-of-metformin-use-in-populations-with-chronic-kidney-disease-congestive-heart-failure-or-chronic-liver-disease-a-systematic-review
#5
Matthew J Crowley, Clarissa J Diamantidis, Jennifer R McDuffie, C Blake Cameron, John W Stanifer, Clare K Mock, Xianwei Wang, Shuang Tang, Avishek Nagi, Andrzej S Kosinski, John W Williams
Background: Recent changes to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration boxed warning for metformin will increase its use in persons with historical contraindications or precautions. Prescribers must understand the clinical outcomes of metformin use in these populations. Purpose: To synthesize data addressing outcomes of metformin use in populations with type 2 diabetes and moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD), congestive heart failure (CHF), or chronic liver disease (CLD) with hepatic impairment...
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055048/detecting-heterogeneous-treatment-effects-to-guide-personalized-blood-pressure-treatment-a-modeling-study-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#6
Sanjay Basu, Jeremy B Sussman, Rod A Hayward
Background: Two recent randomized trials produced discordant results when testing the benefits and harms of treatment to reduce blood pressure (BP) in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Objective: To perform a theoretical modeling study to identify whether large, clinically important differences in benefit and harm among patients (heterogeneous treatment effects [HTEs]) can be hidden in, and explain discordant results between, treat-to-target BP trials...
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055047/oral-pharmacologic-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055042/glycemic-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes-choices-expand-data-lag-behind
#8
Judith E Fradkin, Griffin P Rodgers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055041/a-tale-of-two-trials-reconciling-differences-in-results-by-exploring-heterogeneous-treatment-effects
#9
Sanjay Kaul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024302/readmission-rates-after-passage-of-the-hospital-readmissions-reduction-program-a-pre-post-analysis
#10
Jason H Wasfy, Corwin Matthew Zigler, Christine Choirat, Yun Wang, Francesca Dominici, Robert W Yeh
Background: Whether hospitals with the highest risk-standardized readmission rates (RSRRs) subsequently experienced the greatest improvement after passage of the Medicare Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) is unknown. Objective: To evaluate whether passage of the HRRP was followed by acceleration in improvement in 30-day RSRRs after hospitalizations for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), congestive heart failure (CHF), or pneumonia and whether the lowest-performing hospitals had faster acceleration in improvement after passage of the law than hospitals that were already performing well...
December 27, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024301/issues-surrounding-age-adjusted-d-dimer-cutoffs-that-practicing-physicians-need-to-know-when-evaluating-patients-with-suspected-pulmonary-embolism
#11
Andrew J Goodwin, Russell A Higgins, Karen A Moser, Kristi J Smock, Wayne L Chandler, Kandice Kottke-Marchant, Sarah K Hartman, Oksana Volod, Alan F Brown, Vandita P Johari, Sharon Burr, Nataliya Polyakov, Dong Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992930/insurance-expansion-and-hospital-emergency-department-access-evidence-from-the-affordable-care-act
#12
Craig Garthwaite, Tal Gross, Matthew Notowidigdo, John A Graves
Background: Little is known about whether insurance expansion affects the location and type of emergency department (ED) use. Understanding these changes can inform state-level decisions about the Medicaid expansion under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Objective: To investigate the effect of the 2014 ACA Medicaid expansion on the location, insurance status, and type of ED visits. Design: Quasi-experimental observational study from 2012 to 2014...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992900/guidelines-to-limit-added-sugar-intake-junk-science-or-junk-food
#13
Dean Schillinger, Cristin Kearns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992899/length-of-storage-of-red-blood-cells-and-patient-survival-after-blood-transfusion-a-binational-cohort-study
#14
Märit Halmin, Klaus Rostgaard, Brian K Lee, Agneta Wikman, Rut Norda, Kaspar René Nielsen, Ole B Pedersen, Jacob Holmqvist, Henrik Hjalgrim, Gustaf Edgren
Background: Possible negative effects, including increased mortality, among persons who receive stored red blood cells (RBCs) have recently garnered considerable attention. Despite many studies, including 4 randomized trials, no consensus exists. Objective: To study the association between the length of RBC storage and mortality in a large population-based cohort of patients who received transfusions, allowing detection of small yet clinically significant effects...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992898/the-scientific-basis-of-guideline-recommendations-on-sugar-intake-a-systematic-review
#15
Jennifer Erickson, Behnam Sadeghirad, Lyubov Lytvyn, Joanne Slavin, Bradley C Johnston
Background: The relationship between sugar and health is affected by energy balance, macronutrient substitutions, and diet and lifestyle patterns. Several authoritative organizations have issued public health guidelines addressing dietary sugars. Purpose: To systematically review guidelines on sugar intake and assess consistency of recommendations, methodological quality of guidelines, and the quality of evidence supporting each recommendation. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science (1995 to September 2016); guideline registries; and gray literature (bibliographies, Google, and experts)...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951598/outcomes-based-pricing-as-a-tool-to-ensure-access-to-novel-but-expensive-biopharmaceuticals
#16
Daniel M Blumenthal, Dana P Goldman, Anupam B Jena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951590/balancing-primary-diabetes-care-quality-and-services
#17
Kevin A Peterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951589/primary-care-physician-volume-and-quality-of-diabetes-care-a-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Andrew Cheung, Thérèse A Stukel, David A Alter, Richard H Glazier, Vicki Ling, Xuesong Wang, Baiju R Shah
Background: A relationship between higher patient volume and both better quality of care and better outcomes has been shown for many acute care conditions. Whether a volume-quality relationship exists for the outpatient management of chronic diseases is uncertain. Objective: To explore the association between primary care physician volume and quality of diabetes care. Design: Cohort study. Setting: The study was conducted using linked population-based health care administrative data in Ontario, Canada...
December 13, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919106/can-primary-care-practices-help-address-the-health-crisis-fueled-by-prescription-opioids
#19
E Jennifer Edelman, David A Fiellin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919105/dual-health-care-system-use-and-unsafe-medication-prescribing-in-veterans-with-dementia
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
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