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Annals of Emergency Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342423/does-bed-rest-or-fluid-supplementation-prevent-post-dural-puncture-headache
#1
EDITORIAL
Michael D April, Brit Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310869/intraosseous-vascular-access-is-associated-with-lower-survival-and-neurologic-recovery-among-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#2
Takahisa Kawano, Brian Grunau, Frank X Scheuermeyer, Koichiro Gibo, Christopher B Fordyce, Steve Lin, Robert Stenstrom, Robert Schlamp, Sandra Jenneson, Jim Christenson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We seek to determine the effect of intraosseous over intravenous vascular access on outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: This secondary analysis of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Prehospital Resuscitation Using an Impedance Valve and Early Versus Delayed (PRIMED) study included adult patients with nontraumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrests treated during 2007 to 2009, excluding those with any unsuccessful attempt or more than one access site...
January 6, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310871/what-does-it-take-to-change-an-editor-s-mind-identifying-minimally-important-difference-thresholds-for-peer-reviewer-rating-scores-of%C3%A2-scientific-articles
#3
Michael Callaham, Leslie K John
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We define a minimally important difference for the Likert-type scores frequently used in scientific peer review (similar to existing minimally important differences for scores in clinical medicine). The magnitude of score change required to change editorial decisions has not been studied, to our knowledge. METHODS: Experienced editors at a journal in the top 6% by impact factor were asked how large a change of rating in "overall desirability for publication" was required to trigger a change in their initial decision on an article...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310870/acute-hiv-discovered-during-routine-hiv-screening-with-hiv-antigen-antibody-combination-tests-in-9-us-emergency-departments
#4
Douglas A E White, Thomas P Giordano, Siavash Pasalar, Kathleen R Jacobson, Nancy R Glick, Beverly E Sha, Priya E Mammen, Bijou R Hunt, Tamara Todorovic, Lisa Moreno-Walton, Vincent Adomolga, Daniel J Feaster, Bernard M Branson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Newer combination HIV antigen-antibody tests allow detection of HIV sooner after infection than previous antibody-only immunoassays because, in addition to HIV-1 and -2 antibodies, they detect the HIV-1 p24 antigen, which appears before antibodies develop. We determine the yield of screening with HIV antigen-antibody tests and clinical presentations for new diagnoses of acute and established HIV infection across US emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 9 EDs in 6 cities with HIV screening programs that integrated laboratory-based antigen-antibody tests between November 1, 2012, and December 31, 2015...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310868/high-velocity-nasal-insufflation-in-the-treatment-of-respiratory-failure-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Pratik Doshi, Jessica S Whittle, Michael Bublewicz, Joseph Kearney, Terrell Ashe, Russell Graham, Suesann Salazar, Terry W Ellis, Dianna Maynard, Rose Dennis, April Tillotson, Mandy Hill, Misha Granado, Nancy Gordon, Charles Dunlap, Sheldon Spivey, Thomas L Miller
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We compare high-velocity nasal insufflation, a form of high-flow nasal cannula, with noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation in the treatment of undifferentiated respiratory failure with respect to therapy failure, as indicated by requirement for endotracheal intubation or cross over to the alternative therapy. METHODS: This was a multicenter, randomized trial of adults presenting to the emergency department (ED) with respiratory failure requiring noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307547/can-the-heart-score-rule-out-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-the-ed
#6
EDITORIAL
Nathan M Finnerty, Michael B Weinstock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275946/ecg-predictors-of-cardiac-arrhythmias-in-older-adults-with-syncope
#7
Daniel K Nishijima, Amber L Lin, Robert E Weiss, Annick N Yagapen, Susan E Malveau, David H Adler, Aveh Bastani, Christopher W Baugh, Jeffrey M Caterino, Carol L Clark, Deborah B Diercks, Judd E Hollander, Bret A Nicks, Manish N Shah, Kirk A Stiffler, Alan B Storrow, Scott T Wilber, Benjamin C Sun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Cardiac arrhythmia is a life-threatening condition in older adults who present to the emergency department (ED) with syncope. Previous work suggests the initial ED ECG can predict arrhythmia risk; however, specific ECG predictors have been variably specified. Our objective is to identify specific ECG abnormalities predictive of 30-day serious cardiac arrhythmias in older adults presenting to the ED with syncope. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study at 11 EDs in adults aged 60 years or older who presented with syncope or near syncope...
December 21, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275945/the-supply-of-prescription-opioids-contributions-of-episodic-care-prescribers-and-high-quantity%C3%A2-prescribers
#8
Todd Schneberk, Brian Raffetto, David Kim, David L Schriger
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine episodic and high-quantity prescribers' contribution to opioid prescriptions and total morphine milligram equivalents in California, especially among individuals prescribed large amounts of opioids. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive analysis of opioid prescribing patterns during an 8-year period using the de-identified Controlled Substance Utilization Review and Evaluation System (CURES) database, the California subsection of the prescription drug monitoring program...
December 21, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29269006/measurement-under-the-microscope-high-variability-and-limited-construct-validity-in-emergency-department-patient-experience-scores
#9
Jesse M Pines, Pooja Penninti, Sukayna Alfaraj, Jestin N Carlson, Orion Colfer, Christopher K Corbit, Arvind Venkat
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate variability and construct validity in commercially generated patient-experience survey data in a large sample of US emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: We used Press Ganey patient-experience data from a national emergency medicine group from 2012 to 2015 across 42 facilities and 242 physicians. We estimated variability as month-to-month changes in percentile scores and through intraclass correlations. Construct validity was assessed with linear regression analysis for monthly facility- and physician-level percentile scores...
December 18, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254821/is-adenosine-or-an-intravenous-calcium-channel-blocker-more-effective-for-treating-supraventricular-tachycardia
#10
EDITORIAL
Michael Gottlieb, Katarzyna Gore, Stephen R Gore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254820/does-administration-of-hypertonic-solutions-improve-mortality-in-hemorrhagic-shock-compared-with-isotonic-solutions
#11
EDITORIAL
Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248335/outpatient-management-of-emergency-department-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-variation-patient-characteristics-and%C3%A2-outcomes
#12
David R Vinson, Dustin W Ballard, Jie Huang, Mary E Reed, James S Lin, Mamata V Kene, Dana R Sax, Adina S Rauchwerger, David H Wang, D Ian McLachlan, Tamara S Pleshakov, Matthew A Silver, Victoria A Clague, Andrew S Klonecke, Dustin G Mark
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Outpatient management of emergency department (ED) patients with acute pulmonary embolism is uncommon. We seek to evaluate the facility-level variation of outpatient pulmonary embolism management and to describe patient characteristics and outcomes associated with home discharge. METHODS: The Management of Acute Pulmonary Embolism (MAPLE) study is a retrospective cohort study of patients with acute pulmonary embolism undertaken in 21 community EDs from January 2013 to April 2015...
December 13, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248334/diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-new-high-sensitivity-troponin-i-assay-and-five-accelerated-diagnostic-pathways-for-ruling-out-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-acute-coronary-syndrome
#13
Jaimi H Greenslade, Edward W Carlton, Christopher Van Hise, Elizabeth Cho, Tracey Hawkins, William A Parsonage, Jillian Tate, Jacobus Ungerer, Louise Cullen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This diagnostic accuracy study describes the performance of 5 accelerated chest pain pathways, calculated with the new Beckman's Access high-sensitivity troponin I assay. METHODS: High-sensitivity troponin I was measured with presentation and 2-hour blood samples in 1,811 patients who presented to an emergency department (ED) in Australia. Patients were classified as being at low risk according to 5 rules: modified accelerated diagnostic protocol to assess patients with chest pain symptoms using troponin as the only biomarker (m-ADAPT), the Emergency Department Assessment of Chest Pain Score (EDACS) pathway, the History, ECG, Age, Risk Factors, and Troponin (HEART) pathway, the No Objective Testing Rule, and the new Vancouver Chest Pain Rule...
December 13, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248333/effect-of-automated-prescription-drug-monitoring-program-queries-on-emergency-department-opioid-prescribing
#14
Benjamin C Sun, Christina J Charlesworth, Nicoleta Lupulescu-Mann, Jenny I Young, Hyunjee Kim, Daniel M Hartung, Richard A Deyo, K John McConnell
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess whether an automated prescription drug monitoring program intervention in emergency department (ED) settings is associated with reductions in opioid prescribing and quantities. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of ED visits by Medicaid beneficiaries. We assessed the staggered implementation (pre-post) of automated prescription drug monitoring program queries at 86 EDs in Washington State from January 1, 2013, to September 30, 2015...
December 13, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248332/manual-uterine-aspiration-adding-to-the-emergency-physician-stabilization-toolkit
#15
Kelly E Quinley, Deborah Chong, Sarah Prager, Charlotte P Wills, Arun Nagdev, Sara Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242044/what-interventions-are-most-effective-for%C3%A2-emergency-contraception
#16
EDITORIAL
Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229229/is-low-dose-ketamine-an-effective-alternative-to-opioids-for-the-treatment-of-acute-pain-in-the-emergency-department
#17
EDITORIAL
Michael Gottlieb, Kelly W Ryan, Christine Binkley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217171/what-is-the-utility-of-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-compared-with-standard-of-care-for-the-evaluation-of-acute%C3%A2-chest%C3%A2-pain
#18
EDITORIAL
Michael Gottlieb, Chase Socha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217170/update-topical-anesthetics-for-pain-control-during-repair-of-dermal-laceration
#19
EDITORIAL
Melody Milliron, Olga Lembersky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179943/ensuring-access-to-needed-follow-up-care-an%C3%A2-emergency-department-quality-metric-and%C3%A2-shared-responsibility
#20
EDITORIAL
Karin Rhodes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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