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Annals of Emergency Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122371/the-sound-of-silence
#1
EDITORIAL
Shannon Moffett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103798/cannabis-intoxication-case-series-the-dangers-of-edibles-containing-tetrahydrocannabinol
#2
Kathy T Vo, Howard Horng, Kai Li, Raymond Y Ho, Alan H B Wu, Kara L Lynch, Craig G Smollin
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Cannabis and its principal active constituent, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), are increasingly available as edibles resembling commercially available food products. In this case series, we describe a population of predominantly pediatric patients who were inadvertently exposed to a THC-containing product in San Francisco. METHODS: Twelve children and 9 adults were identified, with 16 patients having detectable serum THC and THC metabolites. All patients presented to hospitals with a variety of constitutional symptoms and all were discharged home within 12 hours...
November 3, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103797/can-echocardiography%C3%A2-be-used-to-diagnose-pulmonary%C3%A2-embolism-at-the-bedside
#3
EDITORIAL
Robert R Ehrman, Mark J Favot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103796/transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-patients-in-the-emergency-department-what-physicians-know-think-and-do
#4
Makini Chisolm-Straker, Cathleen Willging, Adrian D Daul, Shannon McNamara, S Cham Sante, Daniel G Shattuck, Cameron S Crandall
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We explore self-reported knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of emergency physicians in regard to the care of transgender and gender-nonconforming patients to identify opportunities to improve care of this population. METHODS: From July to August 2016, we electronically surveyed the American College of Emergency Physicians' Emergency Medicine Practice-Based Research Network of 654 active emergency physician participants. We performed frequency tabulations to analyze the closed-ended response items...
November 3, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103795/should-buprenorphine-be-administered-to-patients-with-opioid-withdrawal-in-the-emergency-department
#5
EDITORIAL
Jennifer S Love, Jeanmarie Perrone, Lewis S Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103794/what-is-the-diagnostic-performance-of%C3%A2-ultrasonography-to-diagnose-small-bowel%C3%A2-obstruction
#6
EDITORIAL
Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092761/targeted-hiv-screening-in-eight-emergency-departments-the-dici-vih-cluster-randomized-two-period-crossover-trial
#7
Judith Leblanc, Gilles Hejblum, Dominique Costagliola, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, France Lert, Pierre de Truchis, Geert Verbeke, Alexandra Rousseau, Hélène Piquet, François Simon, Dominique Pateron, Tabassome Simon, Anne-Claude Crémieux
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study compares the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of nurse-driven targeted HIV screening alongside physician-directed diagnostic testing (intervention strategy) with diagnostic testing alone (control strategy) in 8 emergency departments. METHODS: In this cluster-randomized, 2-period, crossover trial, 18- to 64-year-old patients presenting for reasons other than potential exposure to HIV were included. The strategy applied first was randomly assigned...
October 30, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089172/preoxygenation-with-flush-rate-oxygen-comparing-the-nonrebreather-mask-with-the-bag-valve-mask
#8
Brian E Driver, Lauren R Klein, Krista Carlson, Justin Harrington, Robert F Reardon, Matthew E Prekker
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Nonrebreather masks and bag-valve masks are used for preoxygenation before emergency intubation. Flush rate oxygen delivered with a nonrebreather mask is noninferior to bag-valve mask oxygen at 15 L/min. We seek to compare the nonrebreather mask with flush rate oxygen to a bag-valve mask with flush rate oxygen (with and without inspiratory assistance) and determine whether the efficacy of bag-valve mask with flush rate oxygen is compromised by a simulated mask leak. METHODS: We conducted 2 prospective studies in healthy, adult volunteers...
October 28, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089171/adenosine-administration-with-a-stopcock-technique-delivers-lower-than-intended-drug%C3%A2-doses
#9
Nathaniel T Weberding, Richard A Saladino, M Beth Minnigh, Patrick J Oberly, Dana L Tudorascu, Samuel M Poloyac, Mioara D Manole
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Adenosine administration with a stopcock is the recommended treatment for pediatric patients with acute supraventricular tachycardia. Recent reports suggest that many infants do not respond to the first dose of adenosine administered. Our aim is to determine whether administration of adenosine with a stopcock delivers lower-than-expected drug doses in patients weighing less than 10 kg, corresponding to weights of infants. METHODS: We developed an in vitro model of adenosine delivery...
October 28, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089170/resident-research-tips-surviving-and-thriving-within-the-peer-review-process
#10
Nupur Garg, Michael Gottlieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089169/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-naproxen-with-or-without-orphenadrine-or-methocarbamol-for-acute-low-back-pain
#11
Benjamin W Friedman, David Cisewski, Eddie Irizarry, Michelle Davitt, Clemencia Solorzano, Adam Nassery, Scott Pearlman, Deborah White, E John Gallagher
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In US emergency departments (EDs), patients with low back pain are often treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants. We compare functional outcomes among patients randomized to a 1-week course of naproxen+placebo versus naproxen+orphenadrine or naproxen+methocarbamol. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, comparative effectiveness trial conducted in 2 urban EDs. Patients presenting with acute, nontraumatic, nonradicular low back pain were enrolled...
October 28, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110887/managing-peripheral-facial-palsy
#12
REVIEW
Aris Garro, Lise E Nigrovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107409/validity-and-reliability-of-the-verbal-numerical-rating-scale-for-children-aged-4-to-17-years-with%C3%A2-acute-pain
#13
Daniel S Tsze, Carl L von Baeyer, Vartan Pahalyants, Peter S Dayan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The Verbal Numerical Rating Scale is the most commonly used self-report measure of pain intensity. It is unclear how the validity and reliability of the scale scores vary across children's ages. We aimed to determine the validity and reliability of the scale for children presenting to the emergency department across a comprehensive spectrum of age. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of children aged 4 to 17 years. Children self-reported their pain intensity, using the Verbal Numerical Rating Scale and Faces Pain Scale-Revised at 2 serial assessments...
October 26, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107408/change-in-lactate-levels-after-hemodialysis-in%C3%A2-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#14
Justin J Hourmozdi, Jasreen Gill, Joseph B Miller, Abraham Markin, Beth Adams, Vivek Soi, Anja K Jaehne, Andrew R Taylor, Sam Langberg, Lauren Rodriguez, Carynne Fox, Junior Uduman, Lenar T Yessayan, Emanuel P Rivers
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Patients with end-stage renal disease commonly visit the emergency department (ED). The purpose of this investigation is to examine the prevalence of baseline abnormal lactate levels and to evaluate the effects of hemodialysis on serum lactate levels. METHODS: This was a prospective observational cohort study performed at an outpatient dialysis facility at an urban tertiary care hospital. The study consisted of 226 patients with end-stage renal disease who were receiving long-term hemodialysis and were enrolled during a 2-day period at the beginning of December 2015...
October 26, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107407/transesophageal-echocardiography-guidelines-for-point-of-care-applications-in-cardiac-arrest%C3%A2-resuscitation
#15
James Fair, Michael Mallin, Haney Mallemat, Joshua Zimmerman, Robert Arntfield, Ross Kessler, Jonathan Bailitz, Michael Blaivas
Cardiac arrest is one of the most challenging patient presentations managed by emergency care providers, and echocardiography can be instrumental in the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment guidance in these critically ill patients. Transesophageal echocardiography has many advantages over transthoracic echocardiography in a cardiac arrest resuscitation. As transesophageal echocardiography is implemented more widely at the point of care during cardiac arrest resuscitations, guidelines are needed to assist emergency providers in acquiring the equipment and skills necessary to successfully incorporate it into the management of cardiac arrest victims...
October 26, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107406/how-reliable-are-signs-and-symptoms-for-diagnosing-pneumonia-in-pediatric-patients
#16
EDITORIAL
Michael Gottlieb, Scott A Heinrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107405/how-effective-is-a-regional-nerve-block-for-treating-pain-associated-with-hip-fractures
#17
EDITORIAL
Michael Gottlieb, Nicholas Chien, Thomas Seagraves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107404/what-is-the-utility-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-the-management-of-acute-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure-associated-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
EDITORIAL
Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107403/what-is-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-acute-appendicitis
#19
EDITORIAL
Michael D April, Brit Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107402/malpractice-claims-it-s-a-crapshoot-time-to%C3%A2-stop-the-self-blame-and-ask-different-questions
#20
EDITORIAL
Carolyn J Sachs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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