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Anesthesiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30632984/understanding-research-methods-and-the-readers-toolbox-a-new-article-type
#1
Evan D Kharasch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30640215/morning-in-the-surgical-waiting-area
#2
Donna Doyle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2019: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30640214/postlaryngectomy-stoma-versus-tracheostomy-implications-for-perioperative-airway-management
#3
Angela T Truong, Dam-Thuy Truong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2019: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30632983/sounds-impossible-but-it-s-knot
#4
Loren E Smith, Dillon R Heath, Matthias L Riess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30624248/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-biomarkers-mechanisms-and-water-channels
#5
Wolfgang M Kuebler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2019: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30608239/automated-titration-of-vasopressor-infusion-using-a-closed-loop-controller-in-vivo-feasibility-study-using-a-swine-model
#6
Alexandre Joosten, Amélie Delaporte, Brenton Alexander, Fuhong Su, Jacques Creteur, Jean-Louis Vincent, Maxime Cannesson, Joseph Rinehart
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: Intraoperative hypotension has been associated with adverse postoperative outcomes.A randomized controlled trial of individualized blood pressure management in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery found reduced postoperative adverse events in patients in the blood pressure management intervention group versus the standard of care group. WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: In this study of pigs with normovolemic hypotension induced by administration of sodium nitroprusside, an automated closed-loop vasopressor administration device was able to maintain mean arterial pressure within 5 mmHg of 80 mmHg for 98% of the intraoperative period...
December 31, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30601219/cyclosporine-before-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-does-not-prevent-postoperative-decreases-in-renal-function-a-randomized-clinical-trial-erratum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30601218/electromagnetic-interference-with-protocolized-electrosurgery-dispersive-electrode-positioning-in-patients-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators
#8
Peter M Schulman, Miriam M Treggiari, N David Yanez, Charles A Henrikson, Peter M Jessel, Thomas A Dewland, Matthias J Merkel, Valerie Sera, Izumi Harukuni, Ryan B Anderson, Ed Kahl, Ann Bingham, Nabil Alkayed, Eric C Stecker
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: Electromagnetic interference from monopolar electrosurgery may disrupt implantable cardioverter defibrillators.Current management recommendations by the American Society of Anesthesiologists and Heart Rhythm Society are based on expert clinical opinion since there is a paucity of data regarding the risk of electromagnetic interference to implantable cardioverter defibrillators during surgery. WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: With protocolized electrosurgery dispersive electrode positioning in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators, the risk of clinically meaningful electromagnetic interference was 7% in above-the-umbilicus noncardiac surgery and 0% in below-the-umbilicus surgery...
December 28, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30601217/adverbs-of-the-heart
#9
Teffy Wrightson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30601216/anesthesiologist-specialization-and-use-of-general-anesthesia-for-cesarean-delivery
#10
Benjamin T Cobb, Meghan B Lane-Fall, Richard C Month, Onyi C Onuoha, Sindhu K Srinivas, Mark D Neuman
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: Obstetric specialty societies recommend neuraxial anesthesia, when possible, for cesarean deliveryCurrent data regarding the association of obstetric anesthesiologist specialization and use of general anesthesia for cesarean delivery remain lacking WHAT THIS MANUSCRIPT TELLS US THAT IS NEW: Maternal and provider factors are strongly associated with use of general anesthesia for cesarean deliveryPatients receiving care from obstetric-specialized anesthesiologists are 29% less likely to receive general anesthesia for cesarean delivery BACKGROUND:: Guidelines for obstetric anesthesia recommend neuraxial anesthesia (i...
December 28, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30601214/nitric-oxide-donor-prevents-neonatal-isoflurane-induced-impairments-in-synaptic-plasticity-and-memory
#11
Michele L Schaefer, Meina Wang, Patric J Perez, Wescley Coca Peralta, Jing Xu, Roger A Johns
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: Some general anesthetics have been shown to have adverse effects on neuronal development that affect neural function and cognitive behavior.Clinically relevant concentrations of inhalational anesthetics inhibit the postsynaptic density (PSD)-95, discs large homolog, and zona occludens-1 (PDZ) domain-mediated protein-protein interaction between PSD-95 or PSD-93 and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors or neuronal NO synthase. WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: Neonatal PSD-95 PDZ2WT peptide treatment mimics the effects of isoflurane (~1 minimum alveolar concentration) by altering dendritic spine morphology, neural plasticity, and memory without inducing detectable increases in apoptosis or changes in synaptic density...
December 24, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30589650/where-s-the-beef-how-much-can-we-skimp-on-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-data
#12
Thomas K Henthorn, Erik Olofsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30601215/influence-of-sex-and-body-language-on-patient-perceptions-of-anesthesiologists
#13
Katherine T Forkin, Lauren K Dunn, Christopher J Kaperak, Jennifer F Potter, Allison J Bechtel, Amanda M Kleiman, Julie L Huffmyer, Stephen R Collins, Genevieve R Lyons, Jennie Z Ma, Edward C Nemergut
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: Patient perception of physician competence may depend on physician sex and body language WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: Actor anesthesiologists who maintained confident, high-power poses were considered smarter, more competent, more likely to be seen as leaders, and preferred by patients to care for a family memberSex of the actor did not alter perceptions of competence BACKGROUND:: Patient perception of physician competence is important. The role of body language and physician sex on patient perceptions has not been investigated...
December 20, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30585788/pounds-of-prevention-but-only-ounces-of-cure-the-need-for-more-research-on-the-treatment-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#14
Jai N Darvall, Kate Leslie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30585787/heterogeneity-in-intensive-care-low-severity-does-not-mean-low-risk
#15
Romain Pirracchio, Michael A Gropper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543530/winner-announced
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531555/practice-advisory-for-perioperative-visual-loss-associated-with-spine-surgery-2019-an-updated-report-by-the-american-society-of-anesthesiologists-task-force-on-perioperative-visual-loss-the-north-american-neuro-ophthalmology-society-and-the-society-for-neuroscience
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499850/outcomes-of-patients-presenting-with-mild-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-insights-from-the-lung-safe-study
#18
Tài Pham, Ary Serpa Neto, Paolo Pelosi, John Gerard Laffey, Candelaria De Haro, Jose Angel Lorente, Giacomo Bellani, Eddy Fan, Laurent Jean Brochard, Antonio Pesenti, Marcus Josephus Schultz, Antonio Artigas
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Patients with initial mild acute respiratory distress syndrome are often underrecognized and mistakenly considered to have low disease severity and favorable outcomes. They represent a relatively poorly characterized population that was only classified as having acute respiratory distress syndrome in the most recent definition. Our primary objective was to describe the natural course and the factors associated with worsening and mortality in this population...
November 27, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30475232/amisulpride-for-the-rescue-treatment-of-postoperative-nausea-or-vomiting-in-patients-failing-prophylaxis-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-iii-trial
#19
Ashraf S Habib, Peter Kranke, Sergio D Bergese, Frances Chung, Sabry Ayad, Naveed Siddiqui, Johann Motsch, David G Leiman, Timothy I Melson, Pierre Diemunsch, Gabriel M Fox, Keith A Candiotti
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Although antiemetics are commonly used to prevent postoperative nausea or vomiting, the failure rate is appreciable and there is currently no generally accepted standard for rescue treatment of postoperative nausea or vomiting after failed prophylaxis. This prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, multicenter study was designed to test the hypothesis that intravenous amisulpride, a dopamine D2/D3-antagonist, is superior to placebo at treating established postoperative nausea or vomiting after failed prophylaxis...
November 20, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418217/long-term-impact-of-crystalloid-versus-colloid-solutions-on-renal-function-and-disability-free-survival-after-major-abdominal-surgery
#20
Alexandre Joosten, Amélie Delaporte, Julien Mortier, Brigitte Ickx, Luc Van Obbergh, Jean-Louis Vincent, Maxime Cannesson, Joseph Rinehart, Philippe Van der Linden
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: The authors recently demonstrated that administration of balanced hydroxyethyl starch solution as part of intraoperative goal-directed fluid therapy was associated with better short-term outcomes than administration of a balanced crystalloid solution in patients having major open abdominal surgery. In the present study, a 1-yr follow-up of renal and disability outcomes in these patients was performed...
November 9, 2018: Anesthesiology
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