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Anesthesiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617707/lingual-thyroid
#1
Bikram Kishore Behera, Satyajeet Misra, Pradipta Kumar Parida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617706/fulminant-hyperfibrinolysis-diagnosed-by-rotational-thromboelastometry
#2
John S McNeil, Amanda M Kleiman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617705/liver-x-receptor-%C3%AE-is-involved-in-counteracting-mechanical-allodynia-by-inhibiting-neuroinflammation-in-the-spinal-dorsal-horn
#3
Jing Xu, Yi-Wei Feng, Ling Liu, Wei Wang, Xiong-Xiong Zhong, Xu-Hong Wei, Xian-Guo Liu
BACKGROUND: Liver X receptors, including α and β isoforms, are ligand-activated transcription factors. Whether liver X receptor α plays a role in neuropathic pain is unknown. METHODS: A spared nerve injury model was established in adult male rats and mice. Von Frey tests were performed to evaluate the neuropathic pain behavior; Western blot and immunohistochemistry were performed to understand the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: Intrathecal injection of a specific liver X receptor agonist T0901317 or GW3965 could either prevent the development of mechanical allodynia or alleviate the established mechanical allodynia, both in rats and wild-type mice...
June 15, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614084/propofol-affects-neurodegeneration-and-neurogenesis-by-regulation-of-autophagy-via-effects-on-intracellular-calcium-homeostasis
#4
Hui Qiao, Yun Li, Zhendong Xu, Wenxian Li, Zhijian Fu, Yuezhi Wang, Alexander King, Huafeng Wei
BACKGROUND: In human cortical neural progenitor cells, we investigated the effects of propofol on calcium homeostasis in both the ryanodine and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate calcium release channels. We also studied propofol-mediated effects on autophagy, cell survival, and neuro- and gliogenesis. METHODS: The dose-response relationship between propofol concentration and duration was studied in neural progenitor cells. Cell viability was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and lactate dehydrogenase release assays...
June 14, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609303/can-we-really-suggest-that-anesthesia-might-cause-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Daryl Efron, Laszlo Vutskits, Andrew J Davidson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609302/association-between-exposure-of-young-children-to-procedures-requiring-general-anesthesia-and-learning-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-a-population-based-birth-cohort
#6
Danqing Hu, Randall P Flick, Michael J Zaccariello, Robert C Colligan, Slavica K Katusic, Darrell R Schroeder, Andrew C Hanson, Shonie L Buenvenida, Stephen J Gleich, Robert T Wilder, Juraj Sprung, David O Warner
BACKGROUND: Exposure of young animals to general anesthesia causes neurodegeneration and lasting behavioral abnormalities; whether these findings translate to children remains unclear. This study used a population-based birth cohort to test the hypothesis that multiple, but not single, exposures to procedures requiring general anesthesia before age 3 yr are associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study cohort was assembled from children born in Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1996 to 2000 (inclusive)...
June 13, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604405/operating-room-crisis-checklists-and-emergency-manuals
#7
David L Hepner, Alexander F Arriaga, Jeffrey B Cooper, Sara N Goldhaber-Fiebert, David M Gaba, William R Berry, Daniel J Boorman, Angela M Bader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598894/left-lateral-table-tilt-for-elective-cesarean-delivery-under-spinal-anesthesia-has-no-effect-on-neonatal-acid-base-status-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Allison J Lee, Ruth Landau, James L Mattingly, Margaret M Meenan, Beatriz Corradini, Shuang Wang, Stephanie R Goodman, Richard M Smiley
BACKGROUND: Current recommendations for women undergoing cesarean delivery include 15° left tilt for uterine displacement to prevent aortocaval compression, although this degree of tilt is practically never achieved. We hypothesized that under contemporary clinical practice, including a crystalloid coload and phenylephrine infusion targeted at maintaining baseline systolic blood pressure, there would be no effect of maternal position on neonatal acid base status in women undergoing elective cesarean delivery with spinal anesthesia...
June 9, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598893/phenylephrine-infusion-driving-a-wedge-in-our-practice-of-left-uterine-displacement
#9
Michaela K Farber, Brian T Bateman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598892/let-s-talk-a-breakdown-in-communication
#10
Barbara Fallon, Ann Stewart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594663/the-new-examiner
#11
Suzanne Crowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590302/a-subregion-of-the-parabrachial-nucleus-partially-mediates-respiratory-rate-depression-from-intravenous-remifentanil-in-young-and-adult-rabbits
#12
Justin R Miller, Edward J Zuperku, Eckehard A E Stuth, Anjishnu Banerjee, Francis A Hopp, Astrid G Stucke
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of opioid administration to reduce postoperative pain is limited by respiratory depression. We investigated whether clinically relevant opioid concentrations altered the respiratory pattern in the parabrachial nucleus, a pontine region contributing to respiratory pattern generation, and compared these effects with a medullary respiratory site, the pre-Bötzinger complex. METHODS: Studies were performed in 40 young and 55 adult artificially ventilated, decerebrate rabbits...
June 6, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582325/astroglial-microrna-219-5p-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area-regulates-nociception-in-rats
#13
Song Zhang, Xiao-Na Yang, Ting Zang, Jun Luo, Zhiqiang Pan, Lei Wang, He Liu, Di Liu, Yan-Qiang Li, Yao-Dong Zhang, Hongxing Zhang, Hai-Lei Ding, Jun-Li Cao
BACKGROUND: The authors previously reported that noncoding microRNA miR-219-5p is down-regulated in the spinal cord in a nociceptive state. The ventral tegmental area also plays critical roles in modulating nociception, although the underlying mechanism remains unknown. The authors hypothesized that miR-219-5p in the ventral tegmental area also may modulate nociception. METHODS: The authors studied the bidirectional regulatory role of ventral tegmental area miR-219-5p in a rat complete Freund's adjuvant model of inflammatory nociception by measuring paw withdrawal latencies...
June 5, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574854/costoclavicular-space-a-reliable-gate-for-continuous-regional-anesthesia-catheter-insertion
#14
Carles García-Vitoria, José Vizuete, Ana María López Navarro, Macarena Bosch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570295/anesthesiology-and-the-non-english-speaking-patient
#15
Vikram K Bansal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570294/blind-intubation-through-self-pressurized-disposable-supraglottic-airway-laryngeal-intubation-masks-an-international-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Kurt Ruetzler, Sandra Esther Guzzella, David Werner Tscholl, Tanja Restin, Marco Cribari, Alparslan Turan, Jing You, Daniel I Sessler, Burkhardt Seifert, Tomasz Gaszynski, Michael T Ganter, Donat R Spahn
INTRODUCTION: Supraglottic airway devices commonly are used for securing the airway during general anesthesia. Occasionally, intubation with an endotracheal tube through a supraglottic airway is indicated. Reported success rates for blind intubation range from 15 to 97%. The authors thus investigated as their primary outcome the fraction of patients who could be intubated blindly with an Air-Qsp supraglottic airway device (Mercury Medical, USA). Second, the authors investigated the influence of muscle relaxation on air leakage pressure, predictors for failed blind intubation, and associated complications of using the supraglottic airway device...
June 1, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562374/air-embolism-during-cardiac-catheterization-and-the-role-for-anesthesia-use-of-bedside-ultrasound
#17
Adam C Adler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562373/point-of-care-ultrasound-detection-of-intraoperative-venous-air-embolism
#18
Walid Alrayashi, Tonya Miller, Daniel Vo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557817/accuracy-of-capillary-and-arterial-whole-blood-glucose-measurements-using-a-glucose-meter-in-patients-under-general-anesthesia-in-the-operating-room
#19
Brad S Karon, Leslie J Donato, Chelsie M Larsen, Lindsay K Siebenaler, Amy E Wells, Christina M Wood-Wentz, Mary E Shirk-Marienau, Timothy B Curry
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a glucose meter with surgical patients under general anesthesia in the operating room. METHODS: Glucose measurements were performed intraoperatively on 368 paired capillary and arterial whole blood samples using a Nova StatStrip (Nova Biomedical, USA) glucose meter and compared with 368 reference arterial whole blood glucose measurements by blood gas analyzer in 196 patients. Primary outcomes were median bias (meter minus reference), percentage of glucose meter samples meeting accuracy criteria for subcutaneous insulin dosing as defined by Parkes error grid analysis for type 1 diabetes mellitus, and accuracy criteria for intravenous insulin infusion as defined by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines...
May 30, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557816/predicting-perioperative-transfusion-in-elective-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-validated-predictive-model
#20
Josephine To, Romi Sinha, Susan W Kim, Kathryn Robinson, Brendon Kearney, Donald Howie, Luen Bik To
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anemia is a significant predictor of perioperative erythrocyte transfusion in elective arthroplasty patients. However, interactions with other patient and procedure characteristics predicting transfusion requirements have not been well studied. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective primary total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty at a tertiary hospital in Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, from January 2010 to June 2014 were used to identify preoperative predictors of perioperative transfusion...
May 30, 2017: Anesthesiology
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