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Anesthesia and Analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135599/neuroplasty-is-a-safe-effective-procedure
#1
Gabor Racz, Kenneth Candido, Standiford Helm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135598/cardiac-arrest-in-the-operating-room-resuscitation-and-management-for-the-anesthesiologist-part-1
#2
Vivek K Moitra, Sharon Einav, Karl-Christian Thies, Mark E Nunnally, Andrea Gabrielli, Gerald A Maccioli, Guy Weinberg, Arna Banerjee, Kurt Ruetzler, Gregory Dobson, Matthew McEvoy, Michael F O'Connor
Cardiac arrest in the operating room and procedural areas has a different spectrum of causes (ie, hypovolemia, gas embolism, and hyperkalemia), and rapid and appropriate evaluation and management of these causes require modification of traditional cardiac arrest algorithms. There is a small but growing body of literature describing the incidence, causes, treatments, and outcomes of circulatory crisis and perioperative cardiac arrest. These events are almost always witnessed, frequently known, and involve rescuer providers with knowledge of the patient and their procedure...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135597/society-for-obstetric-anesthesia-and-perinatology-2017-meeting-report
#3
Anthony Chau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135596/general-anesthetics-to-treat-major-depressive-disorder-clinical-relevance-and-underlying-mechanisms
#4
Laszlo Vutskits
Major depressive disorder is a frequent and devastating psychological condition with tremendous public health impact. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms involve abnormal neurotransmission and a relatedly impaired synaptic plasticity. Since general anesthetics are potent modulators of neuronal activity and, thereby, can exert long-term context-dependent impact on neural networks, an intriguing hypothesis is that these drugs could enhance impaired neural plasticity associated with certain psychiatric diseases...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135595/least-injurious-mechanical-ventilation-in-pulmonary-resection-surgery
#5
Vasileios Zochios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135594/in-response
#6
Alexandra M Dunham, Charles H Brown, Rebecca F Gottesman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135593/ultrasound-guided-dynamic-needle-tip-positioning-technique-versus-palpation-technique-for-radial-arterial-cannulation-in-adult-surgical-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Roy K Kiberenge, Kenichi Ueda, Brett Rosauer
BACKGROUND: Radial arterial cannulation is most commonly done using palpation, but the use of ultrasound has increased the cannulation success rate. This improvement, albeit significant, has not led to a very high success rate especially in trainees. A modified ultrasound technique for vascular cannulation (dynamic needle tip positioning) has been described for peripheral venous cannulation. We therefore assessed the success rate of this technique compared to the palpation technique for radial artery cannulation in adult surgical patients...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135592/hypoxia-and-postoperative-stroke-the-picture-is-still-not-clear
#8
Jean G Charchaflieh, Jill E Zafar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135591/in-response
#9
David Amar, Alessia Pedoto, Dawn P Desiderio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135590/the-analgesic-effect-of-ultrasound-guided-quadratus-lumborum-block-after-cesarean-delivery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Anders Krohg, Kyrre Ullensvang, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Eldrid Langesæter, Axel R Sauter
BACKGROUND: Landmark and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane blocks have demonstrated an opioid-sparing effect postoperatively after cesarean delivery. The more posterior quadratus lumborum (QL) might provide superior local anesthetic spread to the thoracolumbar fascia and paravertebral space. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the QL block after cesarean delivery. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was performed. Forty parturients undergoing cesarean delivery received bilateral ultrasound-guided QL blocks with either 2 mg/mL ropivacaine or saline postoperatively...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135589/safety-and-effectiveness-of-a-novel-facemask-for-positive-pressure-ventilation
#11
Tod A Brown, Tamas A Szabo, Kathryn H Bridges, Michel J Sabbagh, William R Hand, Bethany J Wolf, Robert D Warters
BACKGROUND: Manual positive pressure ventilation is an essential skill in a variety of clinical situations. The C&E technique is commonly used with standard facemasks to provide effective ventilation. The Tao mask is a novel design that allows a more ergonomic grip. A seal between the mask and face is made with downward pressure of the palm, centered on the mask, and jaw lift is achieved with 4 fingers centered under the mandible. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Tao mask compared to a standard mask before and after the administration of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) using 2 previously established ventilation scales...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135588/in-response
#12
Anuj Bhatia, Steven P Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135587/fundamentals-of-anaesthesia-4th-ed
#13
Sarah A Maclean, Richard L Applegate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135586/increased-hyperalgesia-and-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-the-spinal-cord-and-dorsal-root-ganglion-after-surgery-and-or-fentanyl-administration-in-rats
#14
Lu Chang, Fang Ye, Quehua Luo, Yuanxiang Tao, Haihua Shu
BACKGROUND: Perioperative fentanyl has been reported to induce hyperalgesia and increase postoperative pain. In this study, we tried to investigate behavioral hyperalgesia, the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and the activation of microglia in the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in a rat model of surgical plantar incision with or without perioperative fentanyl. METHODS: Four groups of rats (n = 32 for each group) were subcutaneously injected with fentanyl at 60 μg/kg or normal saline for 4 times with 15-minute intervals...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116974/in-response
#15
Yue Wang, Rongqian Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116973/the-pediatric-anesthesiology-workforce-projecting-supply-and-trends-2015-2035
#16
Matthew K Muffly, Mark Singleton, Rita Agarwal, David Scheinker, Daniel Miller, Tyler M Muffly, Anita Honkanen
BACKGROUND: A workforce analysis was conducted to predict whether the projected future supply of pediatric anesthesiologists is balanced with the requirements of the inpatient pediatric population. The specific aims of our analysis were to (1) project the number of pediatric anesthesiologists in the future workforce; (2) project pediatric anesthesiologist-to-pediatric population ratios (0-17 years); (3) project the mean number of inpatient pediatric procedures per pediatric anesthesiologist; and (4) evaluate the effect of alternative projections of individual variables on the model projections through 2035...
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116972/low-cardiac-output-syndrome-after-adult-cardiac-surgery-predictive-value-of-peak-systolic-global-longitudinal-strain
#17
Philippe Amabili, Sabeha Benbouchta, Laurence Roediger, Marc Senard, Marie Bernard Hubert, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Jean-François Brichant, Gregory A Hans
BACKGROUND: Peak systolic global longitudinal strain (GLS) is increasingly used to quantify left ventricular systolic function. The primary objective of this study was to assess whether GLS obtained during intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram, performed before cardiopulmonary bypass, improves the prediction of postoperative low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) after adult cardiac surgery. METHODS: GLS from 275 patients undergoing on-pump cardiac surgery was calculated retrospectively using two-dimensional- speckle tracking echocardiography (aCMQ module from Qlab software version 10...
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116971/only-new-red-blood-cells-for-orthotopic-liver-transplant
#18
Fredy Ariza, Fernando Raffan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116970/assessment-of-tricuspid-annular-motion-by-speckle-tracking-in-anesthetized-patients-using-transesophageal-echocardiography
#19
Tao Shen, Michael H Picard, Lanqi Hua, Sara M Burns, Michael N Andrawes
BACKGROUND: The perioperative assessment of right ventricular (RV) function remains a challenge. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) using M-mode is a widely used measure of RV function. However, accurate alignment of the ultrasound beam with the direction of annular movement can be difficult with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to measure TAPSE, precluding effective use of M-mode to measure annular excursion. Tracking of specular reflectors in the myocardium may provide an angle-independent method to assess annular motion with TEE...
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116969/healthcare-professionalism-improving-practice-through-reflections-on-workplace-dilemmas
#20
Elizabeth B Malinzak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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