Read by QxMD icon Read

American Journal of Surgery

Timothy Feeney, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, John W Scott, Stephanie L Nitzschke, Ali Salim, Adil H Haider, Joaquim M Havens
BACKGROUND: Emergency general surgery (EGS) is an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality, and seven procedures account for 80% of the National burden of operative EGS. We aimed to characterize the excess morbidity and mortality attributable to these procedures based on the level of procedural risk. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the ACS National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) database. (2005-2014). Seven EGS procedures were stratified as high risk and low risk...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Lori L Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Wayne Frederick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Debra Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Nicholas P McKenna, Amy E Glasgow, Robert R Cima, Elizabeth B Habermann
BACKGROUND: Organ space infection (OSI) after ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is a devastating complication. The aim of this was study was to determine separately risk factors for OSI after total proctocolectomy (TPC) with IPAA and completion proctectomy (CP) with IPAA. METHODS: 4049 patients with a diagnosis of chronic ulcerative colitis undergoing TPC with IPAA or CP with IPAA between 2005 and 2015 were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Shaylan K Govind, Neil H Merritt
BACKGROUND: The objective of our study was to identify the most common mechanisms of injury leading to death in our pediatric population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of fatally injured children 0-17 years old treated at our trauma center during 2000-2015. RESULTS: The mortality rate in our population was 8% (n = 103). Fifty-five percent were male. The majority (76%) of fatal injuries were blunt. Overall, motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) were the most common mechanism of injury (61%), followed by assault/abuse (9%)...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Daniel Novick, Raina Wallace, Jody C DiGiacomo, Anand Kumar, Steven Lev, L D George Angus
BACKGROUND: The newest CT scanners provide resolution comparable to MRIs leading many to question when and whether cervical spine MRIs are warranted. METHODS: An 8 year retrospective review identified 241 patients who underwent CT scan and MRI of the cervical spine. The initial clinical examination, cervical spine CT scan, and cervical spine MRI were compared to identify cervical spine injuries that would have been missed had the MRI not been performed. RESULTS: The CT scans were normal in 153 patients, and abnormal in 88...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Young Hong, Jonathan Rice, Divyansh Sharma, Robert C G Martin
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) often presents late with only 20% of patients being candidates for resection while majority already have advanced metastases with median overall survival of 3-6 months. Currently, the role of oligometastasectomy and local therapy options in PDAC is unknown in patients who have favorable response to systemic chemotherapy. The aim of this study is to analyze the survival outcome of oligometastasectomy and local IRE therapy in select patients who are treated with systemic chemotherapy for PDAC metastases...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Samuel Enumah, Elizabeth J Lilley, Stephanie Nitzschke, Adil H Haider, Ali Salim, Zara Cooper
BACKGROUND: Hospice improves quality and value of end of life care (EOLC), and enrollment has increased for older patients dying from chronic medical conditions. It remains unknown if the same is true for older patients who die after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (msTBI). METHODS: Subjects included Medicare beneficiaries (≥65 years) who were hospitalized for msTBI from 2005 to 2011. Outcomes included intensity and quality of EOLC for decedents within 30 days of admission, and 30-day mortality for the entire cohort...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Laquanda T Knowlin, Laura Purcell, Bruce A Cairns, Anthony G Charles
INTRODUCTION: We sought to examine the impact of preexisting and new onset renal disease on burn injury mortality. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients admitted to a regional burn center from 2002-2012 was performed. Variables analyzed included demographics, burn mechanism, inhalation injury status, and % TBSA. Poisson regression was performed to estimate risk of in-hospital burn mortality. RESULTS: There were a total of 7640 patients over the study period...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Aravind K Bommiasamy, Dayton Opel, Raluca McCallum, John D Yonge, Vicente Undurraga Perl, Christopher R Connelly, Darin Friess, Martin A Schreiber, Richard J Mullins
BACKGROUND: Traumatic hip dislocations (THD) are a medical emergency. There is debate whether the painful reduction of a dislocated hip should be first attempted using primary conscious sedation (PCS) or primary general anesthesia (PGA) METHODS: All cases of native THD from 2006 to 2015 in the trauma registry of a level 1 trauma center were reviewed. The primary outcome was successful reduction of the THD. RESULTS: 67 patients had a native, meaning not a hip prosthesis, THD...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Elaine McKevitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Ravi Moonka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Kristin L Chrouser, Jie Xu, Susan Hallbeck, Matthew B Weinger, Melissa R Partin
BACKGROUND: Surgical adverse events persist despite several decades of system-based quality improvement efforts, suggesting the need for alternative strategies. Qualitative studies suggest stress-induced negative intraoperative interpersonal dynamics might contribute to performance errors and undesirable patient outcomes. Understanding the impact of intraoperative stressors may be critical to reducing adverse events and improving outcomes. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, psycINFO, EMBASE, Business Source Premier, and CINAHL databases (1996-2016) to assess the relationship between negative (emotional and behavioral) responses to acute intraoperative stressors and provider performance or patient surgical outcomes...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Michael J Fitzgerald, Sarah Ullrich, Kumar Singh, Oren Misholy, Peter Kingham, Mary S Brady
Parastomal hernia repair remains a significant surgical challenge. Recurrence after standard "keyhole" or primary suture repair is common. We adopted and modified a new technique using a construct shaped like an inverted top hat. We review our experience over the last six years in the first 30 patients (31 consecutive procedures). Of these 31 procedures, six (19%) resulted in a parastomal hernia recurrence with a median follow-up of 31 months (range 0.5-80). Four of the recurrences occurred in our initial experience, when we constructed the top hat of xenograft alone...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Francis Ali-Osman, Alicia Mangram, Joseph Sucher, Gina Shirah, Van Johnson, Phillip Moeser, Natasha K Sinchuk, James K Dzandu
BACKGROUND: Patient outcomes after muscle sparing minimally invasive thoracotomy rib fixation (MSMIT-ORF) in geriatric G60 trauma patients remain poorly studied. This study determined the effect of MSMIT-ORF on pulmonary function (PFT). Non-operatively managed (NOM) patients were also described. METHODS: Medical records of G60 patients with severe rib fractures with PFTs measured before and after MSMIT-ORF were examined. Patient outcomes (MSMIT-ORF vs NOM) were adjusted in a multivariate logistic regression model...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Paolo Boccasanta, Sergio Agradi, Contardo Vergani, Giuseppe Calabrò, Luca Bordoni, Claudio Missaglia, Marco Venturi
A randomized study was carried out to compare the mid-term outcome of transanal rectal resection with the CCS-30 TRANSTAR and two TST36 staplers in patients with obstructed defecation syndrome. After selection, patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups:104 underwent a TRANSTAR operation and 104 a transanal rectal resection with two TST36 staplers. Patients were followed up with clinical examination, and defecography. Cumulative complication rate was significantly higher in TRANSTAR operation (P = 0.019)...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Russell C Kirks, Allyson Cochran, T Ellis Barnes, Keith Murphy, Erin H Baker, John B Martinie, David A Iannitti, Dionisios Vrochides
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons (ACS) Surgical Risk Calculator predicts postoperative risk based on preoperative variables. The ACS model was compared to an institution-specific risk calculator for pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: Observed outcomes were compared with those predicted by the ACS and institutional models. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis evaluated the models' predictive ability. Institutional models were evaluated with retrospective and prospective internal validation...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Stephanie L Warren, Neal Bhutiani, Steven C Agle, Robert C G Martin, Kelly M McMasters, Nicolas Ajkay
BACKGROUND: We compared characteristics and outcomes of palpable versus nonpalpable, hormone-sensitive, early-stage breast cancers. METHODS: Patients from the North American Fareston vs. Tamoxifen Adjuvant (NAFTA) trial were divided into palpable (n = 513) and nonpalpable (n = 1063) tumor groups. Differences in pathological features, loco-regional therapy, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients with palpable tumors were older, had larger tumors, and higher rates of lymph-node involvement...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
James J Jung, Cornelia M Borkhoff, Peter Jüni, Teodor P Grantcharov
BACKGROUND: To critically appraise the development and measurement properties, including sensibility, reliability, and validity of the Non-Technical Skills of Surgeons (NOTSS) system. DATA SOURCES: Articles that described development process of the NOTSS system were identified. Relevant primary studies that presented evidence of reliability and validity were identified through a comprehensive literature review. RESULTS: NOTSS was developed through robust item generation and reduction strategies...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"