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American Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095985/open-preperitoneal-groin-hernia-repair-with-mesh-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Kristoffer Andresen, Jacob Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: For the repair of inguinal hernias, several surgical methods have been presented where the purpose is to place a mesh in the preperitoneal plane through an open access. The aim of this systematic review was to describe preperitoneal repairs with emphasis on the technique. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was conducted and reported according to the PRISMA statement. PubMed, Cochrane library and Embase were searched systematically. Studies were included if they provided clinical data with more than 30 days follow up following repair of an inguinal hernia with an open preperitoneal mesh technique...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095984/post-extubation-stridor-in-the-trauma-icu-still-a-problem-overly-complex
#2
LETTER
Jacobo Bacariza Blanco, Antonio M Esquinas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093119/impact-of-minimally-invasive-vs-open-distal-pancreatectomy-on-use-of-adjuvant-chemoradiation-for-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#3
Kevin L Anderson, Mohamed A Adam, Samantha Thomas, Sanziana A Roman, Julie A Sosa
BACKGROUND: Published data examining the impact of minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) on survival are generally limited to experiences from high-volume institutions. Our aim was to compare utilization of adjuvant chemoradiation and time from surgery until its initiation following MIDP vs. open surgery (ODP) at a national level. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy for Stage I and II pancreatic adenocarcinoma were identified from the National Cancer Data Base, 2010-2012...
January 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089342/a-simulation-based-cognitive-assessment-of-resident-decision-making-during-complex-urinary-catheterization-scenarios
#4
Jay N Nathwani, Katherine E Law, Anna K Witt, R D Ray, S M DiMarco, C M Pugh
BACKGROUND: This study explores general surgery residents' decision making skills in uncommon, complex urinary catheter scenarios. METHODS: 40 residents were presented with two scenarios. Scenario A was a male with traumatic urethral injury and scenario B was a male with complete urinary blockage. Residents verbalized whether they would catheterize the patient and described the workup and management of suspected pathologies. Residents' decision paths were documented and analyzed...
January 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093117/the-biological-prosthesis-is-a-viable-option-for-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-in-pediatric-high-risk-defects
#5
Osnat Zmora, Shannon L Castle, Stephanie Papillon, James E Stein
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to explore the indications for and outcome of biological prostheses to repair high risk abdominal wall defects in children. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all cases of abdominal wall reconstruction in a single institution between 2007 and 2015. Demographic and clinical variables, technique and complications were described and compared between prosthesis types. RESULTS: A total of 23 patients underwent abdominal wall reconstruction using a biological prosthesis including 17 neonates...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088301/methocarbamol-use-is-associated-with-decreased-hospital-length-of-stay-in-trauma-patients-with-closed-rib-fractures
#6
Asad E Patanwala, Ohoud Aljuhani, Brian J Kopp, Brian L Erstad
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of methocarbamol on hospital length of stay in patients with closed rib fracture injuries. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in an academic medical center in the United States. Adult trauma patients, who sustained closed rib fractures, were included. Patients were categorized based on whether they received methocarbamol or not during admission. The primary outcome of interest was time to hospital discharge in days (i...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082008/in-reply-to-meyer-cp-et%C3%A2-al-the-association-of-hypoalbuminemia-with-early-perioperative-outcomes-a-comprehensive-assessment-across-16-major-procedures
#7
LETTER
J H Park, P G Horgan, D C McMillan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069107/letter-to-editor-in-response-to-article-entitled-the-clinical-implication-of-the-number-of-lymph-nodes-harvested-during-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-and-its-effects-on-survival-outcome-in-patients-with-node-negative-breast-cancer
#8
LETTER
Chandan Kumar Jha, Raouef Ahmed Bichoo, Goonj Johri, Sanjay Kumar Yadav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069105/letter-to-editor-in-response-to-article-entitled-ultrasound-based-focused-neck-exploration-for-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#9
LETTER
Chandan Kumar Jha, Raouef Ahmed Bichoo, Sanjay Kumar Yadav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065495/differences-in-vitamin-d-status-might-help-explain-the-outcome-disparities-between-african-americans-and-caucasians-in-contemporary-kidney-transplant-recipients
#10
LETTER
Gerardo Sarno, Giovanna Muscogiuri, William B Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057296/routine-post-operative-esophagram-is-not-necessary-after-repair-of-esophageal-atresia
#11
Jamie Golden, Natalie E Demeter, Joanna C Lim, Henri R Ford, Jeffrey S Upperman, Christopher P Gayer
INTRODUCTION: Esophagrams are routinely performed following repair of esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF); however, its utility has not been validated. METHODS: EA/TEF repair performed from 2003 to 2014 at a single pediatric hospital and from 2004 to 2014 in the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database were retrospectively reviewed to determine utility of esophagrams. RESULTS: Esophagram was performed in 99% of patients at our institution (N = 105)...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049561/achieving-clear-margins-directed-shaving-using-marginprobe-as-compared-to-a-full-cavity-shave-approach
#12
Jeffrey Coble, Vincent Reid
BACKGROUND: Following lumpectomy, full cavity shaving approach is used to reduce positive margin rates, among other issues previously studied by others, at an expense of increase in tissue volume removed. We present our experience after switching from full cavity shaving to a targeted shaving approach using MarginProbe, an intra-operative margin assessment device. METHODS: Specimen excision was performed according to standard of care. Additional shavings were taken based on device readings on the lumpectomy specimen...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082009/locally-advanced-primary-recto-sigmoid-cancers-improved-survival-with-multivisceral-resection
#13
Graham Laurence, Vanita Ahuja, Ted Bell, Rod Grim, Nita Ahuja
BACKGROUND: Multivisceral resection (MVR) is considered a radical operation with many surgeons only using it as a last resort. However, when locally advanced colorectal cancers invade adjacent organs, MVR is an important consideration for select patients. The current study addresses the outcomes of MVR in locally advanced recto-sigmoid cancer patients subsequent to these recommendations and hypothesizes that MVR yields improved survival. METHOD: SEER data (1988-2008) was used to identify all eligible patients with MVR...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057295/are-large-thyroid-nodules-classified-as-benign-on-fine-needle-aspiration-more-likely-to-harbor-cancer
#14
Helen Shi, Iulianna Bobanga, Christopher R McHenry
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to investigate whether benign thyroid nodules ≥ 4 cm have a higher malignancy rate. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with a nodule and a benign FNAB who underwent thyroidectomy was completed. Patients were divided into two groups; nodule size: < 4 cm or ≥4 cm, and clinical factors, nodule size and rates of malignancy were compared. RESULTS: 337 patients underwent thyroidectomy: 99 had nodules <4 cm (2...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049562/laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-adenocarcinoma-provides-short-term-oncologic-outcomes-and-long-term-overall-survival-rates-similar-to-those-for-open-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#15
Olga Kantor, Mark S Talamonti, Susan Sharpe, Waseem Lutfi, David J Winchester, Kevin K Roggin, David J Bentrem, Richard A Prinz, Marshall S Baker
BACKGROUND: The long-term efficacy of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) relative to open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD) for pancreatic adenocarcinoma has not been well studied. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was used to compare patients undergoing LPD and OPD for stage I-II pancreatic adenocarcinoma between 2010 and 2013. RESULTS: 828 (10%) patients underwent LPD and 7385 (90%) OPD. There were no differences in tumor or demographic characteristics between groups...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057293/fibroepithelial-breast-lesions-diagnosed-by-core-needle-biopsy-demonstrate-a-moderate-rate-of-upstaging-to-phyllodes-tumors
#16
Gabriel Marcil, Stephanie Wong, Nora Trabulsi, Alexandra Allard-Coutu, Armen Parsyan, Atilla Omeroglu, Gulbeyaz Atinel, Benoit Mesurolle, Sarkis Meterissian
BACKGROUND: Fibroepithelial lesions of the breast (FEL) are atypical lesions diagnosed on core-needle biopsy. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate at which FELs are upstaged to phyllodes tumor on excision, and to examine the clinical and radiological factors that may be predictive of upstaging. METHODS: A retrospective review from the medical records of patients diagnosed with FEL on CNB at a single institution between 2010 and 2015 was performed...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057292/impact-of-integrated-programs-on-general-surgery-operative-volume
#17
Amanda R Jensen, Brianne L Nickel, Scott C Dolejs, David F Canal, Laura Torbeck, Jennifer N Choi
BACKGROUND: Integrated residencies are now commonplace, co-existing with categorical general surgery residencies. The purpose of this study was to define the impact of integrated programs on categorical general surgery operative volume. METHODS: Case logs from categorical general, integrated plastics, vascular, and thoracic surgery residents from a single institution from 2008 to 2016 were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Integrated residents have increased the number of cases they perform that would have previously been general surgery resident cases from 11 in 2009-2010 to 1392 in 2015-2016...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049563/comment-on-article-entitled-randomized-trial-of-a-short-course-of-preoperative-potassium-iodide-in-patients-undergoing-thyroidectomy-for-graves-disease
#18
LETTER
Chandan Kumar Jha, Raouef Ahmed Bichoo, Sanjay Kumar Yadav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082010/perioperative-feedback-in-surgical-training-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Katherine M McKendy, Yusuke Watanabe, Lawrence Lee, Elif Bilgic, Ghada Enani, Liane S Feldman, Gerald M Fried, Melina C Vassiliou
BACKGROUND: Changes in surgical training have raised concerns about residents' operative exposure and preparedness for independent practice. One way of addressing this concern is by optimizing teaching and feedback in the operating room (OR). The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review on perioperative teaching and feedback. METHODS: A systematic literature search identified articles from 1994 to 2014 that addressed teaching, feedback, guidance, or debriefing in the perioperative period...
December 26, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069104/a-nonsignificant-difference-in-mortality-does-not-mean-equally-safe-and-effective-care
#20
LETTER
Rosalee Zackula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
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