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American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708632/innovating-with-rehabilitation-technology-in-the-real-world-promises-potentials-and-perspectives
#1
Karen Sui Geok Chua, Christopher Wee Keong Kuah
In this article, we discuss robotic-assisted therapy as an emerging and significant field of clinical rehabilitation and its value proposition for innovating rehabilitation clinical practice. Attempts to achieve integration among clinicians' practices and bioengineers' machines often generate new challenges and controversies. To date, the literature is indicative of a sizeable number and variety of robotic devices in the field of clinical rehabilitation, some are commercially available; however, large-scale clinical outcomes are less positive than expected...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708631/development-of-systemic-inflammatory-polyarthritis-after-zygapophyseal-joint-injection-with-hylan-g-f-20-synvisc-one
#2
Denizen Kocak, Thiru Annaswamy, Sharon Chong, Rashmi Arora
Hylan G-F 20 (Synvisc-One) is a hyaluronic acid derivative used for viscosupplementation of synovial fluid in osteoarthritic joints. Injection of hylan G-F 20 is Federal Drug Administration approved for use in knee osteoarthritis and is generally well tolerated with few reported adverse effects, the most common being local pain or swelling. We present the case of a 72-year-old man with bilateral, diffuse, joint pain and swelling with elevated inflammatory markers suggestive of a systemic inflammatory polyarthropathy that developed acutely 2 days after lumbar zygapophyseal joint injection with hylan G-F 20...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704209/robotic-hand-assisted-training-for-spinal-cord-injury-driven-by-myoelectric-pattern-recognition-a-case-report
#3
Zhiyuan Lu, Kai-Yu Tong, Henry Shin, Argyrios Stampas, Ping Zhou
A 51-year-old man with an incomplete C6 spinal cord injury sustained 26 yrs ago attended twenty 2-hr visits over 10 wks for robot-assisted hand training driven by myoelectric pattern recognition. In each visit, his right hand was assisted to perform motions by an exoskeleton robot, while the robot was triggered by his own motion intentions. The hand robot was designed for this study, which can perform six kinds of motions, including hand closing/opening; thumb, index finger, and middle finger closing/opening; and middle, ring, and little fingers closing/opening...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700362/bilateral-patellar-tendons-tears-after-a-fall-from-standing-position
#4
Atzmon Tsur, Marina Deeb, Nael Shakeer, Norman Loberant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696976/bilateral-patellar-tendon-tears-after-a-fall-from-standing-position-do-you-mind-systemic-diseases-and-medications
#5
Kamal Mezian, Jan Vacek, Leoš Navrátil, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692486/standard-and-amputation-adjusted-body-mass-index-measures-comparison-and-relevance-to-functional-measures-weight-related-comorbidities-and-dieting
#6
Christopher Kevin Wong, Ryan J Wong
People with limb loss may misjudge weight-related health when not adjusting body mass index (BMI) for amputation level. This cross-sectional, community-based study compared BMI and amputation-adjusted BMI (A-BMI) and evaluated relationships among BMI categories, function, and dieting. Subjects provided self-reported demographic, functional, and medical/prosthetic data including height and weight and completed performance-based balance and gait measures. A Web-based A-BMI calculator adjusted for amputation levels...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682841/a-systematic-review-of-comorbidity-measurement-methods-for-patients-with-nontraumatic-brain-injury-in-inpatient-rehabilitation-settings
#7
Wayne Khuu, Vincy Chan, Angela Colantonio
This review summarizes comorbidity measurements used on patients with nontraumatic brain injury in inpatient rehabilitation and describes findings on measurement validation and comorbidity profiles. MEDLINE and MEDLINE In-Process, EMBASE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Health, and Psychosocial Measurement Instruments were searched. Two reviewers screened results according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Population, statistical methods, comorbidity measurement, justification of its use, and results involving comorbidity were extracted using a standard table...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682840/functional-balance-deterioration-on-daily-activities-in-patients-with-migraine-a-controlled-study
#8
Gabriela F Carvalho, Lidiane L Florencio, Carina F Pinheiro, Fabiola Dach, Marcelo E Bigal, Débora Bevilaqua-Grossi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess functional activities in different subgroups of patients with migraine. DESIGN: One-hundred forty subjects were uniformly divided into the following four groups: headache-free controls, migraine with aura, without aura, and chronic migraine. Subjects performed the tests walk across, tandem walk, sit to stand, and step up and over at the Balance Master system (Neurocom). RESULTS: All migraine groups had slower velocity and shorter step length at the walk across test (P < 0...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678034/women-physicians-are-underrepresented-in-recognition-awards-from-the-association-of-academic-physiatrists
#9
Julie K Silver, Cheri A Blauwet, Saurabha Bhatnagar, Chloe S Slocum, Adam S Tenforde, Jeffrey C Schneider, Ross D Zafonte, Richard Goldstein, Vanessa Gallegos-Kearin, Julia M Reilly, Nicole L Mazwi
OBJECTIVE: Determine representation by gender for individual recognition awards presented to physicians by the Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey was used. Lists of individual recognition award recipients for the 27-yr history of the AAP awards (1990-2016) were analyzed. The primary outcome measures were the total numbers of men versus women physician award recipients overall and for the past decade (2007-2016). RESULTS: No awards were given to women physicians for the past 4 yrs (2013-2016) or in half of the award categories for the past decade (2007-2016)...
July 3, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678033/effects-of-myofascial-release-on-pressure-pain-thresholds-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Manuel Rodríguez-Huguet, José Luis Gil-Salú, Pablo Rodríguez-Huguet, Juan Rafael Cabrera-Afonso, Rafael Lomas-Vega
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of myofascial release therapy (MRT) for improving pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) and pain in patients with mechanical neck pain. DESIGN: Forty-one participants with neck pain were randomly allocated to either a MRT group (five sessions) or a physical therapy (PT) group (ten sessions) for 2 wks. The multimodal PT program included ultrasound therapy (US), transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation, and massage...
July 3, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665818/effects-of-light-emitting-diode-therapy-on-muscle-hypertrophy-gene-expression-performance-damage-and-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-a-case-control-study-with-a-pair-of-identical-twins
#11
Lúcio Flávio Soares-Caldeira, Solange de Paula Ramos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665817/physiatric-patient-care-graduate-medical-education-training-and-graduate-medical-education-funding-a-call-for-alignment
#12
Danielle Perret, Tiffany Knowlton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665816/ultrasound-guided-injection-to-the-fifth-cervical-spinal-nerve-root-level
#13
Carl P C Chen, Henry L Lew, Pei-Chi Huang, Chia-Wei Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661914/exploration-of-two-training-paradigms-using-forced-induced-weight-shifting-with-the-tethered-pelvic-assist-device-to-reduce-asymmetry-in-individuals-after-stroke-case-reports
#14
Lauri Bishop, Moiz Khan, Dario Martelli, Lori Quinn, Joel Stein, Sunil Agrawal
Many robotic devices in rehabilitation incorporate an assist-as-needed haptic guidance paradigm to promote training. This error reduction model, while beneficial for skill acquisition, could be detrimental for long-term retention. Error augmentation (EA) models have been explored as alternatives. A robotic Tethered Pelvic Assist Device has been developed to study force application to the pelvis on gait and was used here to induce weight shift onto the paretic (error reduction) or nonparetic (error augmentation) limb during treadmill training...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657918/authors-response-to-a-letter-to-the-editor-on-radial-extracorporeal-shockwave-in-the-management-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#15
Nalan Capan, Sina Esmaeilzadeh, Aydan Oral, Ceyhun Basoglu, Ayse Karan, Dilsad Sindel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657917/patient-registry-of-spasticity-care-world-data-analysis-based-on-physician-experience
#16
Alberto Esquenazi, Stella Lee, Nathaniel Mayer, Roser Garreta, Atul Patel, Elie Elovic, Stephen Koelbel, Gerard Francisco, Iris Reuter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report physician experience-based "real-world" treatment patterns with botulinum toxin type A in patients with stroke and traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter, international observational registry design was used. RESULTS: Six hundred twenty-seven participants with stroke and 132 participants with traumatic brain injury were assessed and treated by 17 more experienced physicians and 12 less experienced physicians...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650860/what-is-the-effect-of-strength-training-on-pain-and-sleep-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#17
Alexandro Andrade, Guilherme Torres Vilarino, Guilherme Guimarães Bevilacqua
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the effect of an 8-wk structured strength training program on pain and sleep quality in patients with fibromyalgia. DESIGN: Fifty-two patients with fibromyalgia were evaluated; 31 submitted to strength training and 21 comprised the control group. The instruments used were the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire and The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The questionnaires were applied before the first training session, at 12 sessions, and after 24 sessions...
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650859/regarding-radial-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-is-no-more-effective-than-placebo-in-the-management-of-lateral-epicondylitis-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Myron M LaBan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650858/change-of-an-injured-corticospinal-tract-during-3-weeks-rehabilitation-after-putaminal-hemorrhage
#19
Sungho Jang, Younghyeon Kwon, Soyoung Kwak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650857/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-plus-physical-therapy-on-gait-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Pattarapol Yotnuengnit, Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Rattana Donkhan, Juthamas Chaluaysrimuang, Krisna Piravej
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to study the combined effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and physical therapy on the walking ability of patients with Parkinson disease (PD). STUDY DESIGN: The study used an experimental, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial. RESULTS: After intervention, group 1 (only tDCS) demonstrated a significant increase in gait speed by 0.13 to 0.14 m/sec (17.8%-19.2%) and an increase in step length by 5...
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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