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American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672352/association-of-activities-of-daily-living-with-the-load-during-step-ascent-motion-in-nursing-home-residing-elderly-individuals
#1
Mitsuhiro Masaki, Tome Ikezoe, Midori Kamiya, Kojiro Araki, Ryo Isono, Takehiro Kato, Ken Kusano, Masayo Tanaka, Syunsuke Sato, Tetsuya Hirono, Kiyoshi Kita, Tadao Tsuboyama, Noriaki Ichihashi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of independence in ADL with the loads during step ascent motion and other motor functions in 32 nursing home-residing elderly individuals. DESIGN: Independence in ADL was assessed by using the functional independence measure (FIM). The loads at the upper (i.e., pulling up) and lower (i.e., pushing up) levels during step ascent task was measured on a step ascent platform. Hip extensor, knee extensor, plantar flexor muscle, and quadriceps setting strengths; lower extremity agility using the stepping test; and hip and knee joint pain severities were measured...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672351/femoral-artery-blood-flow-and-microcirculatory-perfusion-during-acute-low-level-functional-electrical-stimulation-in-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Thomas J Barton, David A Low, Thomas W J Janssen, Maurits Sloots, Christof A J Smit, Dick H J Thijssen
OBJECTIVE: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) may help to reduce the risk of developing macro- and microvascular complications in people with SCI. Low-intensity FES has significant clinical potential since this can be applied continuously throughout the day. This study examines the acute effects of low intensity FES using wearable clothing garment on vascular blood flow and oxygen consumption in people with SCI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observation study METHODS: Eight participants with a motor complete SCI received 4x3 minutes of unilateral FES to the gluteal and hamstring muscles...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659373/association-of-academic-physiatrists-federal-funding-of-disability-and-rehabilitation-research-position-statement
#3
John Whyte
The Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP) seeks to advocate for policies that are supportive of academic rehabilitation, with elected officials, agency leaders, and other policy makers. Accordingly, the AAP's Public Policy Committee identifies policy issues of importance to the organizational mission, conducts background research on those issues, and develops position statements that articulate the organization's position. These position statements require approval by the Board of Trustees and are used to support advocacy efforts by AAP members...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649012/clinical-improvements-are-not-explained-by-changes-in-tendon-structure-on-utc-following-an-exercise-program-for-patellar-tendinopathy
#4
Mathijs van Ark, Ebonie Rio, Jill Cook, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, James E Gaida, Johannes Zwerver, Sean Docking
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a 4-week in-season exercise program of isometric or isotonic exercises on tendon structure and dimensions as quantified by Ultrasound Tissue Characterization (UTC). DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. Volleyball and basketball players (16-31 years, n=29) with clinically diagnosed patellar tendinopathy were randomized to a 4-week isometric or isotonic exercise program. The programs were designed to decrease patellar tendon pain...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649011/ultrasonographic-findings-in-a-latissimus-dorsi-injury-in-a-beach-volleyball-player
#5
Manuel Wong-On, Edgar Mora-Montoya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649010/evidence-based-physiatry-ebp
#6
Sabrina Paganoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642078/quality-improvement-education-in-residency-training-a-review
#7
Teresa L Massagli, Jennifer M Zumsteg, Marisa B Osorio
Hospitals and health care institutions have strong external and internal pressures to improve patient safety and health care quality. Quality improvement education has been mandated for resident physicians by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. This review describes didactic and experiential curricula for residents in quality improvement interventions as well as factors that create challenges to implementing such a curriculum and those that foster it. Resident attitudes, faculty capacity, institutional resources, and dedicated time are critical elements influencing the success of quality improvement curricula...
April 10, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634618/ultrasound-imaging-for-muscle-variations-digastric-flexor-carpi-ulnaris-gastrocnemius-tertius-and-supernumerary-fibularis-longus-in-an-asymptomatic-family-case-report
#8
Ayşe Merve Ata, Murat Kara, Gülümser Aydin, Bayram Kaymak, Eda Gürçay, Levent Özçakar
Anatomical variations of the muscles are seen with different frequencies. Although most of them are asymptomatic; in certain cases, their existence requires attention as regards entrapment syndromes, mass lesions, botulinum toxin injections and tendon transfers. Herein, since ultrasound imaging is a convenient method for muscle imaging, it can easily be used in daily practice for prompt understanding of such muscular variations. In this report, we demonstrated and discussed a similar scenario in an asymptomatic individual (and his close family members) using ultrasound imaging for scanning the digastric flexor carpi ulnaris, gastrocnemius tertius and supernumerary fibularis longus muscles...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634617/pmr-role-on-notalgia-paresthetica-case-report-and-treatment-review
#9
Cristina M Cruz, Filipe Antunes
Notalgia paresthetica (NP) is a rarely reported T2-T6 sensory neuropathy whose etiology and treatment are not fully established. Although it is believed to be common in dermatological practice, it remains under-recognized, under-diagnosed, and therefore under-reported. This case-report provides a physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) perspective on NP diagnosis and treatment. This article presents a case report of a 39-year-old woman with pain, pruritus, and a hyperpigmented area in the right dorsal infra scapular region...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634616/physiatry-reviews-for-evidence-in-practice-prep-second-order-peer-reviews-of-clinically-relevant-articles-for-the-physiatrist-is-pregabalin-effective-in-the-treatment-of-radiating-low-back-pain-into-the-leg
#10
Mohammed Alavinia, Julio C Furlan, Shannon L MacDonald, Dinesh Kumbhare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634615/inpatient-care-for-the-cancer-survivor-opportunities-to-develop-and-deliver-standards-for-care
#11
Vishwa S Raj, Terrence M Pugh
Cancer continues to evolve from a terminal diagnosis to a chronic medical condition. With improved survivorship rates, opportunities exist to deliver rehabilitation care throughout the oncology continuum. By definition, inpatient rehabilitation is generally considered post-acute care (PAC), and is provided either in inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRF), skilled nursing facilities (SNF), or long-term care hospitals (LTCH). Each institution is subject to specific regulations and legislation that help define appropriateness for admission based on diagnosis, medical necessity, and functional need...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634614/a-risk-scoring-system-for-the-prediction-of-functional-deterioration-institutionalization-and-mortality-among-medicare-beneficiaries
#12
Heather F McClintock, Jibby E Kurichi, Pui L Kwong, Dawei Xie, Margaret G Stineman, Hillary R Bogner
OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a risk scoring system for predicting functional deterioration, institutionalization, and mortality. Identifying predictors of poor health outcomes informs clinical decision-making, service provision, and policy development to address the needs of persons at greatest risk for poor health outcomes. DESIGN: Cohort study with 21,257 community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years and older who participated in the 2001-2008 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613884/hamstring-co-contraction-in-the-early-stage-of-rehabilitation-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Hongyun Song, Xuesong Dai, Jianhua Li, Sunan Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Hamstring co-contraction may affect recovery from anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). We aimed to evaluate the changes in hamstring co-contraction during the early postoperative stages. DESIGN: Twenty-five patients with ACLR were followed up for 1-3 months postoperatively, during which the Lysholm and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) questionnaires were completed and surface electromyograms (sEMG) were assessed during terminal knee extension maximum voluntary contraction (TKE-MVC) and step-up tests...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613883/long-term-course-of-shoulders-after-ultrasound-therapy-for-calcific-tendinitis-results-of-the-ten-years-follow-up-of-an-rct
#14
Karin Pieber, Martina Grim-Stieger, Franz Kainberger, Martin Funovics, Karl-Ludwig Resch, Thomas Bochdansky, Eleonore Pablik, Gerold Ebenbichler
OBJECTIVE: To follow both the structure and function related long-term course of shoulders that had been treated with therapeutic ultrasound (US) for symptomatic calcific tendinitis. DESIGN: Long-term follow-up of 45 shoulders (37 patients) that had been treated for symptomatic calcific tendinitis with either a series of US or sham US ten years ago. The main outcome variables were presence of calcium deposits and subacromial impingement on standardized X-ray imaging, shoulder symptoms (Binder score) and function (Constant score)...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613882/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-on-the-article-evaluation-of-posterosuperior-labral-tear-with-shoulder-sonography-after-intra-articular-injection
#15
Donghwi Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613881/in-vivo-evaluation-of-subacromial-and-internal-impingement-risk-in-asymptomatic-individuals
#16
Margaret S Coats-Thomas, Daniel F Massimini, Jon J P Warner, Amee L Seitz
OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to evaluate subacromial and internal impingement risk between shoulders (dominant/non-dominant) during dynamic motion using subject-specific anatomy and precise in vivo kinematics. DESIGN: In a prospective cross-sectional study, 9 subjects underwent bilateral MR (N=18 shoulders) and fluoroscopic imaging during external rotation at 90° abduction (ER) and elevation. Subject-specific bone models were created and distances from footprint to (a) acromion and (b) glenoid were measured to evaluate risk...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613880/evaluation-of-posterosuperior-labral-tear-with-shoulder-sonography-after-intra-articular-injection
#17
Hayri Ogul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596065/reversible-visual-field-defect-after-isolated-intraventricular-hemorrhage
#18
Youngkook Kim, Bo Young Hong, Joon-Sung Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595585/the-efficiency-of-a-multi-component-training-for-prospective-memory-among-healthy-older-adults-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-within-participants-crossover-trial
#19
Azin Farzin, Rahimah Ibrahim, Zainal Madon, Hamidon Basri
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present trial was to evaluate the efficiency of a preventative multi-component prospective memory (PM) training among healthy older adults. DESIGN: This study was a two-arm within-participants trial with 4 and 12-week follow-ups. Allocation ratio was 1:1 and pre- and post-training measurements were included. A total number of 25 healthy older adults were enrolled (M = 63.32, SD = 4.44). Participants were randomly allocated into two conditions: (i) PM training: participants underwent a multi-component PM training, and (ii) control: participants were not contacted during the training phase...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595584/discharge-patterns-for-ischemic-and-hemorrhagic-stroke-patients-going-from-acute-care-hospitals-to-inpatient-and-skilled-nursing-rehabilitation
#20
Ickpyo Hong, Amol Karmarkar, Winston Chan, Yong-Fang Kuo, Trudy Mallinson, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, James Goodwin, Clark R Andersen, Timothy A Reistetter
OBJECTIVE: To explore variation in acute care use of inpatient (IRF) and skilled nursing (SNF) rehabilitation following ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of Medicare claims data linked to IRF and SNF assessment files (2013-2014). RESULTS: The sample included 122,084 stroke patients discharged to IRF or SNF from 3,677 acute hospitals. Of the acute hospitals, 3,649 discharged patients with an ischemic stroke (range 1-402 patients/hospital, median=15) compared to 1,832 acute hospitals that discharged patients with hemorrhagic events (range 1-73 patients/hospital, median=4)...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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