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American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040169/response-to-median-nerve-area-measurements-using-ultrasound-importance-of-proper-technique-and-interpretation
#1
Attiyeh Vasaghi, Reza Jalli, Asma Azadeh, Mohammadreza Emad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023249/priming-with-1-hz-rtms-over-contralesional-leg-motor-cortex-does-not-increase-the-rate-of-regaining-ambulation-within-3-months-of-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ying-Zu Huang, Li-Fong Lin, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Chaur-Jong Hu, Tsan-Hon Liou, Yen-Nung Lin
BACKGROUND: The potential benefits of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), applied either alone or as a combination treatment, on recovery of lower extremities after stroke have been insufficiently studied. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of priming with 1-Hz rTMS over contralesional leg motor area with a double cone coil prior physical therapy (PT) on regaining ambulation. METHODS: Thirty-eight subacute stroke patients with significant leg disabilities were randomly assigned into the experimental (E) group or control (C) group to receive a 15-min real or sham 1-Hz rTMS, respectively, over the contralesional motor cortex representing the quadriceps muscle followed by 45-min PT for 15 sessions over 3 weeks...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016397/feasibility-and-reliability-of-functional-muscle-tests-in-lung-transplant-recipients
#3
Thomas Kienbacher, Grace Achim-Gunacker, Melanie Pachner, Katharina Kerschan-Schindl, Patrik Gunacker, Richard Habenicht, Walter Klepetko, Peter Jaksch, Stephan Doblhammer, Gerold Ebenbichler
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the feasibility, reliability, and correlations of recommended functional tests in lung transplant recipients shortly after surgery. DESIGN: Observational study METHODS: 50 patients (28 females) performed well standardized maximum isometric back extension in a sitting position, hand grip strength, and Biering-Sørensen endurance tests shortly before discharge from the acute hospital, shortly thereafter, and two months later following subacute rehabilitation...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016402/disability-and-health-consequences-of-traumatic-brain-injury-national-prevalence
#4
Claire Jourdan, Philippe Azouvi, François Genêt, Nicolas Selly, Loic Josseran, Alexis Schnitzler
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of traumatic brain injury-related disability and health status in the general population. DESIGN: The French National Survey, conducted in households and institutions, assessed 33,896 adults. Data included sequelae from traumatic brain injury, impairments, current health conditions and uses of health services. Analyses, adjusted for age and gender, compared subjects who declared sequelae from traumatic brain injury (n=479) to the remaining survey population (n=33,287)...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016401/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#5
Alessandro Bistolfi, Jessica Zanovello, Riccardo Ferracini, Fabrizio Allisiardi, Elisa Lioce, Ernesta Magistroni, Paola Berchialla, Ilaria Da Rold, Giuseppe Massazza
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the efficacy of the use of the neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). DESIGN: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and PEDro) using PICOS approach to formulate the research question, Controlled terms and Boolean operators. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were defined in advance. "Neuromuscular electrical stimulation" and "total knee arthroplasty" were used as keywords...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016400/alterations-in-the-mechanical-response-of-deep-dorsal-neck-muscles-in-individuals-suffering-from-whiplash-associated-disorders-compared-to-healthy-controls-an-ultrasound-study
#6
Leila Rahnama, Gunnel Peterson, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Johan Trygg, Anneli Peolsson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the mechanical responses of dorsal neck muscles in individuals with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) versus healthy individuals. DESIGN: This study included 36 individuals with WAD (26 women and 10 men) and 36 healthy controls (26 women and 10 men). Ultrasound imaging with speckle tracking was used to measure deformation and deformation rate in five dorsal neck muscles during a neck extension task...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016399/-heart-shaped-sign-a-rare-stroke-syndrome
#7
Michael Kasprzak, Ho Johnathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016398/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-stimulation-for-tendon-bone-healing-a-dose-dependent-study
#8
Hongbin Lu, Fei Liu, Can Chen, Zhanwen Wang, Huabin Chen, Jin Qu, Tao Zhang, Daqi Xu, Jianzhong Hu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the dosage effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound stimulation (LIPUS) on tendon-bone (T-B) healing. DESIGN: Standard partial patellectomies were performed on 120 mature New Zealand rabbits randomly assigned into three groups: a control group (daily mock sonication, 20 min), a qd group (daily ultra-sonication, 20 min), and a bid group (ultra-sonication twice a day, 20 min each time). The rabbits were sacrificed 8 or 16 weeks postoperatively, and the microarchitectural, histological, and mechanical properties of the patella-patellar tendon (PPT) interface were evaluated...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976405/potential-harms-with-long-term-glucocorticoid-use
#9
Suneel Upadhye, Dinesh Kumbhare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961605/radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-an-individual-with-primary-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Dai Zhang, Ying Meng, Hong Hai, Xiao Tong Yu, Yue Wen Ma
A patient with primary trigeminal neuralgia exhibited pain relief without medication after radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy. The 52-yr-old woman had a 3-yr history of primary trigeminal neuralgia, involving the right maxillary division (V2) and the mandibular division (V3). She became refractory to carbamazepine and exhibited hepatic dysfunction. She hence received 3000 to 6000 impulses of craniofacial radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy to the region centered on the surface projection of the trigeminal ganglion and pain areas at 10 Hz; the intensity ranged from 1...
September 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953034/efficacy-of-noninvasive-brain-stimulation-on-unilateral-neglect-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Jingjing Fan, Yi Li, Yonghong Yang, Yun Qu, Shasha Li
OBJECTIVE: Unilateral neglect (UN) is a common debilitating consequence of stroke. This review focused on the effect of noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques in the recovery of UN in poststroke patients. METHODS: Relevant databases were comprehensively searched, including Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, Embase, the Web of Knowledge, and relevant websites. All randomized controlled trials were identified which used NIBS for poststroke UN...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953033/cochrane-rehabilitation-organization-and-functioning
#12
Stefano Negrini, Chiara Arienti, Francesca Gimigliano, Frane Grubišić, Tracey Howe, Elena Ilieva, William Levack, Antti Malmivaara, Thorsten Meyer, Julia Patrick Engkasan, Farooq Azam Rathore, Carlotte Kiekens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953032/implementation-of-a-multifaceted-interactive-electrodiagnostic-medicine-workshop-in-a-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-residency-program
#13
Jayne Donovan, Marc van de Rijn, Elizabeth L McCabe, Shirley Shih, Sabrina Paganoni
Electrodiagnostic medicine is a required component of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation residency education, but limited resources exist to guide curriculum development. Our objective was to create a focused workshop to enhance our residency program's electrodiagnostic curriculum. We created two separate 1.5-day workshops, one basic and one advanced, for all residents. Each workshop included didactic sessions, case discussion, question and answer sessions, demonstrations, and hands-on participation with direct supervision and feedback...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930758/changes-in-basic-movement-ability-and-activities-of-daily-living-after-hip-fractures-correlation-between-basic-movement-scale-and-motor-functional-independence-measure-scores
#14
Shogo Toyama, Koshiro Sawada, Keiichiro Ueshima, Yasuo Mikami, Isamu Mori, Kiyoshi Takamuku, Tai Takahashi, Toshikazu Kubo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between basic movement ability and activities of daily living (ADL) in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery and predict ADL outcomes from changes in basic movement ability. DESIGN: Fifty-four patients receiving rehabilitation after hip fracture surgery were collected prospectively. Ambulatory ability was evaluated using a Basic Movement Scale (BMS), and ADL was evaluated using the motor subscale of the Functional Independence Measure (motor-FIM)...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915202/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-falls-in-well-functioning-older-adults-findings-from-the-baltimore-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#15
Anthony J Nastasi, Alka Ahuja, Vadim Zipunnikov, Eleanor M Simonsick, Luigi Ferrucci, Jennifer A Schrack
OBJECTIVE: Previous work demonstrates the consequences of falling in older adults and the potential of physical activity (PA) to reduce falls, but few studies have used accelerometer-measured PA to compare overall and time-of-day activity patterns of nonfallers, fallers, or subgroups of fallers. METHODS: In 840 participants (mean age, 66.7; s = 13.2; range, 26-97) of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging between 2007 and 2014, PA was measured objectively with Actiheart accelerometers and falling status (faller/nonfaller) was assessed during an in-person interview...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915201/letter-to-the-editor-on-effects-of-antigravity-treadmill-training-on-gait-balance-and-fall-risk-in-children-with-diplegic-cerebral-palsy
#16
Corinne Ammann-Reiffer, Rob Labruyère
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914616/effect-of-full-length-carbon-fiber-insoles-on-lower-limb-kinetics-in-patients-with-midfoot-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-study
#17
Taeim Yi, Jung Hyun Kim, Mooyeon Oh-Park, Ji Hye Hwang
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effects of full-length carbon fiber (FCF) insoles on gait, muscle activity, kinetics, and pain in patients with midfoot osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: We enrolled 13 patients with unilateral midfoot OA (mild: Visual Analog Scale [VAS] range, 1-3; moderate, VAS range, 4-7) and healthy controls. All participants were asked to walk under two conditions: with and without FCF insole. The outcome measures were ground reaction force, quantitative gait parameters, electromyography activities and pain severity (VAS)...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914617/distribution-patterns-of-the-vulnerable-vessels-around-cervical-nerve-roots-a-computed-tomography-based-study
#18
Donghwi Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of vulnerable vessels around the target of cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injection at the C3-C7 cervical nerve root levels in a clinical setting. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted. PARTICIPANTS: Patients complaining of neck or arm pain with no previous surgical history and who had undergone both precontrast and contrast-enhanced neck computed tomography were included retrospectively...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901961/effect-of-stretching-on-thoracolumbar-fascia-injury-and-movement-restriction-in-a-porcine-model
#19
Helene M Langevin, James Bishop, Rhonda Maple, Gary J Badger, James R Fox
OBJECTIVE: Stretching of fascia is an important component of manual and movement therapies. We previously showed that in pigs, a unilateral thoracolumbar fascia injury combined with movement restriction (hobble) produced contralateral loss of fascia mobility (shear strain during passive trunk flexion measured with ultrasound) similar to findings in human subjects with chronic low back pain. We now tested whether such abnormalities could be reversed by removing the hobble with or without daily stretching for 1 mo...
September 10, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885231/effectiveness-of-shortwave-diathermy-for-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-and-value-of-night-pain-for-patient-selection-a-double-blinded-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Meryem Yilmaz Kaysin, Pinar Akpinar, Ilknur Aktas, Feyza Unlü Ozkan, Duygu Silte Karamanlioglu, Hulya Cagliyan Hartevioglu, Nazan Vural
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of short wave diathermy (SWD) in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. DESIGN: In this double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 57 patients (aged 35-65 yrs) were classified into night pain positive (NP[+]) (n = 28) and night pain negative (NP[-]) (n = 29) groups. Both groups were randomly assigned to SWD (NP[+], n = 14; NP[-], n = 14) and sham (NP[+], n = 15; NP[-], n = 14) subgroups...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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