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American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206666/immediate-effects-of-simultaneous-application-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-and-ultrasound-phonophoresis-on-active-myofascial-trigger-points-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Mary Kamal Nassif Takla, Soheir Shethata Rezk-Allah Rezk
OBJECTIVE: was to investigate the efficacy of phonophoresis with combined therapy (PH-CT) on active myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). PARTICIPANTS: One hundred participants with acute mechanical neck pain and at least one active MTrP in the upper trapezius were randomly assigned into 4 equal groups. INTERVENTION: Groups consisted of; diclofenac PH-CT; diclofenac phonophoresis (PH); ultrasound (US) with coupling gel and sham-US; applied for 10 minutes over MTrP...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206665/lean-mass-and-functional-recovery-in-men-with-hip-fracture-a-short-term-prospective-pilot-study
#2
Marco Di Monaco, Carlotta Castiglioni, Silvia Di Carlo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the capability of different definitions of low appendicular lean mass (aLM) to predict the short-term functional recovery in hip-fracture men. DESIGN: We investigated 80 of 95 men with hip fracture admitted consecutively to a rehabilitation hospital. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Functional recovery after inpatient rehabilitation was evaluated using Barthel Index scores. RESULTS: The patients with aLM above the cut-off value of 19...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210705/effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-pain-and-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Yung-Tsan Wu, Kao-Chih Hsu, Tsung-Ying Li, Cheng-Kuang Chang, Liang-Cheng Chen
OBJECTIVE: No studies comparing the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection and placebo injection in bilateral knee osteoarthritis (OA) in the same patient, or discussing muscle strength after PRP injection, have been published. DESIGN: Twenty patients with bilateral knee OA were eligible, and 40 knees were randomized into two groups: PRP (knees [right or left by a coin toss] receiving a single intra-articular PRP injection) and saline group (the contralateral knee of the same patient, into which single 4-mL intra-articular injection of normal saline was administered)...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210704/the-effect-of-stretching-combined-with-ultrashort-wave-diathermy-on-joint-function-and-it-s-possible-mechanism-in-a-rabbit-knee-contracture-model
#4
Quan Bing Zhang, Yun Zhou, Hua Zhang Zhong, Yi Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of stretching combined with ultrashort wave on joint contracture and explore its possible mechanism. DESIGN: Thirty-two rabbits underwent unilateral immobilization of a knee joint at full extension to cause joint contracture. At 6 weeks after immobilization, the rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: natural recovery group, stretching treatment group, ultrashort wave treatment group and combined treatment group...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194049/preserving-the-shoulder-function-of-an-elite-para-triathlete-a-case-report
#5
Robert Diaz, Allison H Stoll, Monica E Rho, Cheri A Blauwet
Shoulder pain in wheelchair users that participate in competitive adaptive sports can be a troublesome condition. Shoulder pain not only affects athletic performance, but also functional activities such as wheelchair propulsion and weight bearing during transfers. Managing pain in these athletes thus presents a unique challenge due to the difficulty in achieving relative rest and the need to modify athletic shoulder-focused rehabilitation strategies. In all athletes, it is vital to establish an early, accurate diagnosis and optimize conservative treatment prior to considering surgical interventions in order to avoid excessive shoulder-related morbidity, loss of function, and worse - loss of independence...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194048/case-report-describing-a-new-swallowing-method-to-improve-pharyngeal-passage-of-a-bolus-by-creating-negative-pressure-in-the-esophagus-vacuum-swallowing
#6
Kenjiro Kunieda, Saori Kubo, Ichiro Fujishima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189309/lumbar-transforaminal-epidural-steroid-injection-in-patients-with-chronic-unilateral-radicular-pain
#7
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189308/lactotripeptides-supplementations-alleviate-the-decrease-in-maximal-isometric-force-following-high-intensity-eccentric-exercise-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blinded-clinical-trial
#8
Kaname Tagawa, Song-Gyu Ra, Youngju Choi, Seiji Maeda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether lactotripeptides (LTP) supplementations alleviate the decrease in the maximal isometric force (MIF), an indirect marker of muscle damage, following eccentric exercise (ECC). DESIGN: Twenty-two young men performed 50-ECC of the elbow flexors using an isokinetic dynamometer. The subjects were randomly assigned to either the placebo or LTP group, and were each given a 4.5 mg/day placebo or LTP three-time on the exercise day and the day after...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189307/lumbar-transforaminal-epidural-steroid-injection-in-patients-with-chronic-unilateral-radicular-pain
#9
Harald Ekedahl, Bo Jönsson, Richard B Frobell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189306/does-a-rehabilitation-program-of-aerobic-and-progressive-resisted-exercises-influence-hiv-induced-distal-neuropathic-pain
#10
Sonill S Maharaj, Abdulsalm M Yakasai
OBJECTIVE: Distal symmetrical polyneuropathy (DSPN) is a common neurological sequela following HIV which leads to neuropathic pain and functional limitations. Rehabilitation programs with exercises are used to augment pharmacological therapy to relieve pain but appropriate and effective exercises are unknown. This study explored the safety and effect of moderate intensity aerobic exercises (AE) and progressive resisted exercises (PRE) for HIV-induced DSPN neuropathic pain. DESIGN: A randomized pre-test, post-test of 12 weeks of AE or PRE compared to a control...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189305/rehabilitation-outcomes-in-spinal-abscess-patients-with-and-without-a-history-of-intravenous-substance-abuse
#11
Namrata Raut, Vittal R Nagar, Sara Salles, Joe E Springer, Lumy Sawaki
OBJECTIVE: To compare functional outcomes of acute inpatient rehabilitation for spinal epidural abscess (SEA) patients with and without history of intravenous substance abuse (IVSA). DESIGN: Retrospective case series study in freestanding rehabilitation hospital. METHODS: Charts of 28 SEA patients admitted from 01/2012 to 9/2015: 13 with IVSA and 15 without IVSA were reviewed. Both groups received standard-of-care rehabilitation. Statistical analyses of Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores were conducted using individual 2 (substance use) X 2 (rehabilitation status) repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189304/interventional-pain-procedures-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-residencies
#12
Sanjeev Agarwal, Caitlin Cicone, Philip Chang
Exposure to interventional pain procedures is now a required component of training in physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residencies as mandated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Data regarding resident exposure and competency in these procedures remains limited. Objectives were to determine the volume and type of exposure PM&R residents have to interventional pain procedures and to obtain faculty-perceived opinions regarding competency of incoming fellows as it pertains to interventional pain management...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189210/the-emergence-of-the-rehabilitative-strategy-the-driving-forces-in-the-united-states-of-america
#13
Armando Caracheo, Jerome Bickenbach, Gerold Stucki
The aim of this essay is to show the impact that driving forces have had on the emergence of rehabilitation as a health strategy in the USA. Specifically, this essay 1) identifies the driving forces that have addressed the development of rehabilitation, 2) examines how the rehabilitative strategy has been driven by the driving forces through turning points and facilitators, and 3) identifies the barriers of each force against the development of rehabilitation. Critical and scoping review of the literature was conducted from the late 1910s until the end of the century...
November 18, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135478/contralateral-involvement-of-congenital-muscular-torticollis-and-clavicular-fracture
#14
Shin-Young Yim, Kihong Chang, Ah-Reum Ahn, Eun Ji Park, Jongwoo Kim
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is known to concur with some conditions such as developmental dysplasia of the hip or brachial plexus injury, which gives us some insights for pathogenesis of CMT. While clavicular fracture is the most common fracture in newborns, little is known about concurrence of CMT and clavicular fracture. Our clinical experience led us to realize that concurrence of CMT and clavicular fracture tended to occur on the contralateral side for each other rather than the ipsilateral side...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116946/spinal-cord-injury-by-direct-damage-during-ct-guided-c7-transforaminal-epidural-steroid-injection-a-case-report
#15
Min Cheol Chang
Cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) under the guidance of computed tomography (CT) can offer great anatomical resolution and precise needle placement in the axial plane. However, some complications, including blood pressure surge, allergic reactions, vasovagal syncope, and cerebral infarct, have been reported after CT-guided cervical TFESI. We report the first case of iatrogenic spinal cord injury (SCI) during a CT-guided cervical TFESI. A 67-year-old woman, upon receiving TFESI on Lt...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112509/association-between-sensorimotor-impairments-and-functional-brain-changes-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-critical-review
#16
Nina Goossens, Sofie Rummens, Lotte Janssens, Karen Caeyenberghs, Simon Brumagne
Low back pain (LBP) coincides with sensorimotor impairments, e.g., reduced lumbosacral tactile and proprioceptive acuity and postural control deficits. Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies suggest that sensorimotor impairments in LBP may be associated with brain changes. However, no consensus exists regarding the relationship between functional brain changes and sensorimotor behavior in LBP. Therefore, this review critically discusses the available fMRI studies on brain activation related to non-nociceptive somatosensory stimulation and motor performance in individuals with LBP...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095706/trunk-exercises-improve-gait-symmetry-in-parkinson-disease-a-blind-phase-ii-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Ryan P Hubble, Geraldine Naughton, Peter A Silburn, Michael H Cole
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in step-to-step symmetry and trunk muscle activations have been linked to falls in Parkinson's disease (PD). Given such symptoms are poorly managed with anti-parkinsonian medications, alternate therapies are needed. This blind phase II randomised-controlled trial sought to establish whether exercise can improve step-to-step symmetry in PD. DESIGN: Twenty-four PD patients with a falls history completed baseline assessments of symptom severity, balance confidence, mobility and quality of life...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095167/feasibility-of-early-motor-assisted-upper-extremity-cycle-ergometry-in-critically-ill-neurological-patients-with-upper-extremity-weakness-and-variable-cognitive-status-a-case-series
#18
S Deluzio, I Vora, S Kumble, E K Zink, R D Stevens, M N Bahouth
Upper extremity paresis, common in many neurological conditions, is a major contributor of long-term disability and decreased quality of life. Evidence shows that repetitive, bilateral arm movement improves upper extremity coordination after neurological injury. However, it is difficult to integrate upper extremity interventions into very early rehabilitation of critically ill neurological patients due to patient arousal and medical acuity. This report describes the safety and feasibility of bilateral upper extremity cycling in critically ill neurological patients with bilateral or unilateral paresis...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087968/can-ultrasound-guided-s1-transforaminal-epidural-injection-using-the-in-plane-approach-and-color-doppler-imaging-be-a-safer-alternative-to-lumbar-inter-laminar-epidural-injection-a-visual-vignette
#19
Donghwi Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087967/ultrasonography-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-and-guided-injection-of-plantaris-tendon-strain-in-a-patient-with-tennis-leg
#20
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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