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American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432288/are-corticosteroid-injections-safe-to-inject-into-knees-with-osteoarthritis-what-are-the-long-term-effects
#1
Nimish Mittal, Mohit Bhandari, Dinesh Kumbhare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420314/femoral-artery-bypass-graft-pseudoaneurysm-rupture-in-a-transfemoral-amputee-a-case-report
#2
Jonathan Dallas, John J Block, Gerasimos Bastas
We describe the case of a patient with an actively bleeding pseudoaneurysm associated with remnants of a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) femoral bypass graft in their transfemoral residual limb. Initial graft placement was due to peripheral arterial disease. During subsequent transfemoral amputation, remnants of the non-patent graft were retained in the residuum. Following four years of lower limb prosthesis use, a proximal anastomosis pseudoaneurysm developed (with avulsion of graft remnants). The patient presented to clinic with a 5-day history of increased left groin fullness and largely non-radiating pain (rated 10/10)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420313/preliminary-use-of-the-paness-for-detecting-subtle-motor-signs-in-adolescents-with-sport-related-concussion-a-brief-report
#3
Jaclyn A Stephens, Martha B Denckla, Teri McCambridge, Beth S Slomine, E Mark Mahone, Stacy J Suskauer
Sensitive examination tools are needed to optimize evaluation after sport-related concussion (SRC). We preliminarily examined the Physical and Neurological Examination of Subtle Signs (PANESS) for sensitivity to motor changes in a pilot cohort of adolescents aged 13-17 with SRC. 15 Adolescents (5 females) with SRC were evaluated up to 3 times: within 2 weeks of injury, approximately 1 month later (mean 35 days between visits), and for those not recovered at the second visit, again following clinical recovery (mean 70 days between first and last visits for all participants)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406405/quantifying-effect-of-onabotulinum-toxin-a-on-passive-muscle-stiffness-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-using-ultrasound-shear-wave-elastography
#4
Joline E Brandenburg, Sarah F Eby, Pengfei Song, William Bamlet, Gary C Sieck, Kai-Nan An
OBJECTIVE: A pilot study to longitudinally quantify effect of onabotulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) on passive muscle properties in children with cerebral palsy (CP) using ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study RESULTS: Between 1 and 3 months post-BoNT-A, a significant improvement in the shear modulus of the lateral gastrocnemius was found at 10° plantar flexion (PF) (-7.57 [-10.98, -5.07], p=0.02) and 0° PF (-14.74 [-18...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406404/sonographic-evaluation-of-the-posterior-interosseous-nerve-in-a-patient-with-wrist-drop
#5
Tze-Chao Wee, Chueh-Hung Wu, Wen-Shiang Chen, Tyng-Guey Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406403/amputee-locomotion-joint-moment-adaptations-to-running-speed-using-running-specific-prostheses-after-unilateral-transtibial-amputation
#6
Brian S Baum, Hiroaki Hobara, Kyung Koh, Hyun Joon Kwon, Ross H Miller, Jae Kun Shim
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate 3D lower extremity joint moment differences between limbs and speed influences on these differences in individuals with lower extremity amputations using running-specific prostheses. DESIGN: 8 individuals with unilateral transtibial amputations and 8 control subjects with no amputations ran overground at three constant velocities (2.5, 3.0, and 3.5 m/s). A 2x2x3 (group x leg x speed) repeated-measures ANOVA with Bonferroni adjustments determined statistical significance...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406402/impaired-cognitive-performance-in-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-knock-out-mice-after-ischemic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#7
Shanshan Li, Yao Wang, Ze Jiang, Yaping Huai, James K Liao, Kaari A Lynch, Ross Zafonte, Lisa J Wood, Qing Mei Wang
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive dysfunction and dementia are common following ischemic stroke. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) has been found to play an important role in neurological function and cognition. The purpose of the present study was to assess the specific role of eNOS in cognitive performance after stroke. DESIGN: Male wildtype (WT) and mice lacking eNOS (eNOS) underwent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) or sham-surgery. Primary outcomes were repeated measures of neurological score, limb asymmetry, sensory/motor function and spatial memory/learning assessed at intervals up to 28-days post-surgery...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406401/relationship-of-spinal-cord-injury-level-and-duration-to-peak-aerobic-capacity-with-arms-only-and-hybrid-fes-rowing
#8
Rebecca F Shaffer, Glen Picard, J Andrew Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship of spinal cord injury level and duration to peak aerobic capacities during arms-only (AO) rowing compared to hybrid Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) rowing. DESIGN: Comparison of peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak), peak ventilation (VEpeak), peak respiratory exchange ratio (RERpeak), and peak heart rate (HRpeak) were measured during AO-rowing and FES-rowing obtained from graded exercise tests. RESULTS: Peak aerobic values were strongly related to injury level and injury duration for both AO-rowing (r=0...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381488/anatomic-relationship-between-the-hook-of-the-hamate-and-the-distal-transverse-carpal-ligament-implications-for-ultrasound-guided-carpal-tunnel-release
#9
Terin T Sytsma, Holly S Ryan, Nirusha Lachman, Sanjeev Kakar, Jay Smith
OBJECTIVE: During ultrasound guided carpal tunnel release (USCTR), osseous landmarks may supplement direct visualization of the distal transverse carpal ligament (dTCL) to ensure a complete release. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the apex of the hook of the hamate (aHH) and the dTCL within the transverse safe zone (TSZ) of the carpal tunnel. DESIGN: Twenty unembalmed cadaveric specimens were dissected to determine the aHH-dTCL distance and the aHH-SPA distance (the distance between the aHH and the superficial palmar arch) at the ulnar and radial limits of the TSZ (the distance between the hook of the hamate or ulnar artery to the median nerve)...
January 29, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373373/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-on-point-of-care-ultrasonography-findings-and-care-use-among-patients-undergoing-ultrasound-guided-shoulder-injections
#10
Se Won Lee, Timothy Tiu, Mooyeon Oh-Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373372/ultrasound-guided-shoulder-injection-or-ultrasound-guides-the-shoulder-injection-standard-vs-state-of-the-art
#11
Merve Sekizkardeş, Gülümser Aydin, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373371/effect-of-polydeoxyribonucleotide-injection-in-a-patient-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-case-report
#12
Jin-Sung Park, Donghwi Park
Ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection into the carpal tunnel is widely performed for the management of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, this injection may worsen the condition in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) was recently recognized as a substitute for corticosteroid due to its anti-inflammatory effects. A 41-year-old woman with type 2 DM was admitted to our rehabilitation clinic with a 1-month history of numbness and tingling in her right hand and first 3 fingers tips...
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369053/acute-phase-predictors-of-6-month-functional-outcome-in-italian-stroke-patients-eligible-for-in-hospital-rehabilitation
#13
Marco Franceschini, Stefania Fugazzaro, Maurizio Agosti, Carlotta Sola, Antonio Di Carlo, Lorenzo Cecconi, Salvatore Ferro
PURPOSE: to assess early post-stroke prognostic factors in patients admitted for post-acute phase rehabilitation. METHODS: a one-year multicenter prospective project was conducted in four Italian regions on 352 patients who were hospitalized after a first stroke and were eligible for post-acute rehabilitation. Clinical data were collected in the Stroke or Acute Care Units (acute phase), then in Rehabilitation Units (post-acute phase) and, subsequently, after a 6-month post-stroke period (follow-up)...
January 23, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360647/premorbid-activity-limitation-stages-are-associated-with-post-hospitalization-discharge-disposition
#14
Ling Na, Sean Hennessy, Dawei Xie, Debra Saliba, Qiang Pan, Pui L Kwong, Jibby E Kurichi, Hillary R Bogner, Joel E Streim
OBJECTIVE: Activity of daily living (ADL) stages and instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) stage have demonstrated associations with mortality and health service utilization among older adults. This cohort study aims to assess the associations of premorbid activity limitation stages with acute hospital discharge disposition among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Study participants were Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years and older who enrolled in the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) between 2001 and 2009...
January 23, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360646/effects-of-cane-use-and-position-on-performance-of-the-sit-to-stand-task-in-stroke-patients
#15
Tung-Chou Li, Keng-Hua Tu, Huei-Sheng Shiue, Mau-Roung Lin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of cane use and cane positions on the sit-to-stand (STS) performance of stroke patients. DESIGN: In a crossover study, 30 stroke patients performed STS test in seven situations in a random sequence: without a cane, three positions with a regular cane (parallel to the ankle, parallel to the 5th toe, and 10 cm in front of the 5th toe), and the same three positions with a quad cane. The peak vertical ground reaction force (GRF) and maximum vertical cane support force during STS were recorded...
January 23, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351103/retraction
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324458/ultrasound-imaging-and-guided-injection-for-the-lateral-and-posterior-hip
#17
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Henry L Lew, Levent Özçakar
Ultrasound has emerged as one of the most utilized tools to diagnose musculoskeletal disorders and to assist in interventions. Traditionally, sonographic examination of the hip joint has been challenging because most of the major structures are deeply situated, thus requiring the use of curvilinear transducer for better penetrance. The posterior lateral hip is a frequent area for musculoskeletal pain and nerve entrapments. Common disorders include greater trochanteric pain syndrome, gluteus medius tendinopathy, piriformis syndrome, pudendal neuralgia and proximal hamstring tendinopathy...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324457/successful-first-gait-of-a-child-with-hip-disarticulation-prosthesis-a-case-report
#18
Hitomi Hara, Teruya Kawamoto, Naomasa Fukase, Etsuko Katayama, Toshiyuki Takemori, Shuichi Fujiwara, Yoshitada Sakai, Kotaro Nishida, Ryosuke Kuroda, Toshihiro Akisue
An infant boy underwent hip disarticulation for infantile fibrosarcoma immediately after birth. His rehabilitation began when he was 4 months old and involved training with his left (residual) leg. He could stand with support at 12 months. His initial prosthesis fitting was performed at the age of 13 months. He could stand and walk with support at 15 months of age and could walk with no additional support and go up and down stairs at 2 years. A single-axis prosthetic knee joint was introduced at the age of 2 years 3 months...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309314/mechanical-traction-for-lumbar-radicular-pain-supine-or-prone-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Meral Bilgilisoy Filiz, Zeynep Kiliç, Alper Uçkun, Tuncay Çakir, Şebnem Koldaş Doğan, Naciye Füsun Toraman
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of mechanical lumbar traction either in the supine or prone position with conventional physical therapy(PT) in patients with chronic low back pain(LBP) and lumbosacral nerve root involvement in terms of disability, pain, and mobility. DESIGN: Participants(n=125) were randomly assingned to receive 15 sessions of PT with additional mechanical lumbar traction either in the supine position(supine traction group), or in the prone position(prone traction group), or only PT without traction(PT only group)...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309313/automated-mechanical-peripheral-stimulation-improves-gait-parameters-in-subjects-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-freezing-of-gait-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Camila Pinto, Aline de Souza Pagnussat, Ana Francisca Rozin Kleiner, Ritchele Redivo Marchese, Ana Paula Salazar, Carlos R M Rieder, Manuela Galli
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess spatiotemporal gait parameters and lower limbs range of motion (ROM) in subjects with Parkinson's Disease (PD) and freezing of gait (FOG), treated with Automated Mechanical Peripheral Stimulation (AMPS) or AMPS SHAM (placebo). DESIGN: This randomized clinical trial included thirty subjects allocated into two groups: AMPS (15 subjects with PD) and AMPS SHAM (15 subjects with PD). Fourteen age-matched healthy subjects were also included as a REFERENCE group...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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