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American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644248/are-ultrasonographic-measures-of-cervical-flexor-muscles-correlated-with-flexion-endurance-in-chronic-neck-pain-and-asymptomatic-participants
#1
Leila Ghamkhar, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the relationship between some clinical factors and the size of neck flexors in participants with or without chronic neck pain. DESIGN: In this case-control study, the correlation between flexor endurance capacity as well as thickness, cross-section area, and shape ratio of longus colli/capitis and sternocleidomastoid muscles were examined in 30 patients with chronic neck pain and 30 asymptomatic participants. RESULTS: The patients showed lower flexor endurance (P = 0...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644247/surface-electromyographic-activity-of-the-upper-trapezius-before-and-after-a-single-dry-needling-session-in-female-office-workers-with-trapezius-myalgia
#2
Kayleigh De Meulemeester, Patrick Calders, Vincent Dewitte, Tom Barbe, Lieven Danneels, Barbara Cagnie
OBJECTIVE: Myofascial pain can be accompanied by a disturbed surface electromyographic (sEMG) activity. Nevertheless, the effect of myofascial treatment techniques, such as dry needling (DN), on the sEMG activity is poorly investigated. Several DN studies also emphasize the importance of eliciting local twitch responses (LTRs) during treatment. However, studies investigating the added value of LTRs are scarce. Therefore, the aims of this study were first to evaluate the effect of DN on the sEMG activity of myalgic muscle tissue, compared with no intervention (rest), and secondly to identify whether this effect is dependent of eliciting LTRs during DN...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644246/effects-of-exercise-on-the-immune-function-of-pediatric-patients-with-solid-tumors-insights-from-the-papec-randomized-trial
#3
Carmen Fiuza-Luces, Julio R Padilla, Jaime Valentín, Elena Santana-Sosa, Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Fabián Sanchis-Gomar, Helios Pareja-Galeano, Javier S Morales, Steven J Fleck, Margarita Pérez, Alvaro Lassaletta, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Antonio Pérez-Martínez, Alejandro Lucia
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of an in-hospital exercise intervention during neoadjuvant chemotherapy on the inflammatory profile and immune cell subpopulation in 20 children with solid tumors (control [n = 11] and exercise group [n = 9]). Although no significant interaction (group × time) effect was found with an analysis of variance test, we found a trend toward an interaction effect for natural killer cells expressing the immunoglobulin-like receptor KIR2DS4, with their numbers remaining stable in the exercise group but increasing in controls...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644245/reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-on-effects-of-light-emitting-diode-therapy-on-muscle-hypertrophy-gene-expression-performance-damage-and-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-case-control-study-with-a-pair-of-identical-twins
#4
Cleber Ferraresi, Danilo Bertucci, Josiane Schiavinato, Rodrigo Reiff, Amélia Araújo, Rodrigo Panepucci, Euclides Matheucci, Anderson F Cunha, Vivian Maria Arakelian, Michael R Hamblin, Nivaldo Parizotto, Vanderlei Bagnato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644244/effects-of-the-integration-of-dynamic-weight-shifting-training-into-treadmill-training-on-walking-function-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Ming Wu, Janis Kim, Pooja Arora, Deborah J Gaebler-Spira, Yunhui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether applying an assistance force to the pelvis and legs during treadmill training can improve walking function in children with cerebral palsy. DESIGN: Twenty-three children with cerebral palsy were randomly assigned to the robotic or treadmill only group. For participants who were assigned to the robotic group, a controlled force was applied to the pelvis and legs during treadmill walking. For participants who were assigned to the treadmill only group, manual assistance was provided as needed...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644243/role-of-breathing-conditions-during-exercise-testing-on-training-prescription-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Daniel Neunhäuserer, Eva Steidle-Kloc, Marco Bergamin, Gertraud Weiss, Andrea Ermolao, Bernd Lamprecht, Michael Studnicka, Josef Niebauer
This study investigated whether different breathing conditions during exercise testing will influence measures of exercise capacity commonly used for training prescription in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Twenty-seven patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (forced expiratory volume in 1 sec = 45.6 [9.4]%) performed three maximal exercise tests within 8 days, but at least 48 hrs apart. Subjects were thereby breathing either room air through a tightly fitting face mask like during any cardiopulmonary exercise test (MASK), room air without mask (No-MASK), or 10 l/min of oxygen via nasal cannula (No-MASK + O2)...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644242/effects-of-participation-in-sports-programs-on-walking-ability-and-endurance-over-time-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Sandy A Ross, Morgan Yount, Sara Ankarstad, Samantha Bock, Britta Orso, Kimberly Perry, Jennifer Miros, Janice E Brunstrom-Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: Children with cerebral palsy may benefit from maintaining a high level of physical fitness similar to typically developing children especially in terms of long-term physical performance, although in practice this is often difficult. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of participation in sports programs on walking ability and endurance over time. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study included participants with cerebral palsy, aged 6 to 20 yrs, who attended a summer sports program from 2004 to 2012...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632508/combined-dextroamphetamine-and-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-poststroke-aphasia
#8
Zafer Keser, Michelle Weber Dehgan, Shaparak Shadravan, Nuray Yozbatiran, Lynn M Maher, Gerard E Francisco
There is a growing need for various effective adjunctive treatment options for speech recovery after stroke. A pharmacological agent combined with noninvasive brain stimulation has not been previously reported for poststroke aphasia recovery. In this "proof of concept" study, we aimed to test the safety of a combined intervention consisting of dextroamphetamine, transcranial direct current stimulation, and speech and language therapy in subjects with nonfluent aphasia. Ten subjects with chronic nonfluent aphasia underwent two experiments where they received dextroamphetamine or placebo along with transcranial direct current stimulation and speech and language therapy on two separate days...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632507/tibialis-posterior-tenosynovitis-a-unique-musculoskeletal-manifestation-of-gout
#9
Peter Shupper, Todd P Stitik
Extra-articular manifestations of gout can present in several ways, including tenosynovitis. We present a rare case of acute tibialis posterior gouty tenosynovitis. An 82-year-old man with a history of well-controlled gout presented with acute onset of left ankle pain, occurring without inciting event. The medial ankle was slightly erythematous with moderate dorsal-medial swelling and mild dorsal-lateral swelling, with severe tenderness to palpation over the medial retro-malleolar region. Range of motion and manual muscle testing were pain limited throughout...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609319/comparing-corticosteroid-preparation-and-dose-in-the-improvement-of-shoulder-function-and-pain-a-randomized-single-blind-pilot-study
#10
Matthew B Carroll, Spencer A Motley, Benjamin Smith, Bryan C Ramsey, Alan S Baggett
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder pain may arise from inflammation of the bursa separating the supraspinatus tendon from the coracoacromial ligament and acromion. The optimal treatment dose and preparation of intrabursal corticosteroid injection are unknown. METHODS: This single-blinded equivalence study recruited 62 subjects randomizing them to one of following four arms: methylprednisolone 20 mg, methylprednisolone 40 mg, triamcinolone acetonide 20 mg, or triamcinolone acetonide 40 mg...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604410/feasibility-and-neurobehavioral-changes-of-10-day-simulated-microgravity-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#11
Kyo-In Koo, Dae Kwon Park, Chang Ho Hwang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate feasibility and functional changes of simulated microgravity with 6-degree head-down-tilt (HDT) bed rest in acute ischemic stroke. DESIGN: Patients without lesions in the cingulate cortex and/or cerebellum were enrolled. They underwent HDT for 30 minutes twice per day for 10 weekdays. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate were measured before the HDT, immediately after, and also 30 minutes after the stop...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604409/posture-dependent-dysphagia-after-botulinum-toxin-type-a-injection-at-sternocleidomastoid-in-a-patient-with-athetoid-cerebral-palsy
#12
Won Kee Chang, Keewon Kim, Han Gil Seo, Ja-Ho Leigh, Moon Suk Bang
Cervical dystonia is a common issue in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy. Botulinum toxin injection to dystonic cervical muscles is a well-recognized treatment option, but it is known to be associated with dysphagia. Previously reported cases of dysphagia after botulinum toxin injection to the sternocleidomastoid muscle were related to the regional spread of toxin to the pharyngeal muscles. We report a unique case of posture-dependent dysphagia due to preactivation of the suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles to compensate for impaired head stabilization by the weakened sternocleidomastoid muscle while swallowing...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590289/comparison-of-inching-electrodiagnosis-method-and-ultrasonographic-findings-in-the-determination-of-median-nerve-entrapment-site-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#13
Asma Azadeh, Attiyeh Vasaghi, Reza Jalli, Mohammadreza Emad
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of both inching method through the electrodiagnostic test and ultrasonographic assay in localizing the site of entrapment in patients with symptoms and signs of carpal tunnel syndrome. DESIGN: Thirty-two hands with confirmed carpal tunnel syndrome through electrodiagnostic test and 30 hands as control group were enrolled. For both groups, sensory and motor latencies by inching technique and cross-sectional area by ultrasonography were measured at the inching points...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582272/ultrasound-guided-steroid-injection-of-the-pisotriquetral-joint-a-multidisciplinary-effort
#14
Steven W Brose, Janel Montfort, Kenneth J Gustafson, Ionica Mittebrun, Samantha Gauriloff, Mary Mosher, Dennis J Bourbeau
From the perspective of a multidisciplinary team, the authors describe the first reported use of ultrasound guidance for steroid injection into the pisotriquetral joint to relieve wrist pain of a person with spinal cord injury undergoing acute inpatient rehabilitation. Musculoskeletal ultrasound guidance was used to improve the accuracy of a corticosteroid injection of the pisotriquetral joint and the basal thumb in a 70-year-old man with paraplegia experiencing multifocal degenerative wrist pain. There was no bleeding or bruising after the injections, and the patient reported complete pain resolution 1 wk after the injections, which continued for over 1 yr...
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574872/comment-on-stories-of-an-emigrant-physician-what-it-has-been-like-to-practice-in-canada-compared-with-the-united-states
#15
Adam Kassam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574871/precise-target-site-of-ultrasound-guided-c5-cervical-root-block
#16
Donghwi Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570282/ultrasound-anatomy-of-the-transverse-carpal-ligament
#17
Peter Hebbard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570281/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-on-ultrasound-anatomy-of-the-transverse-carpal-ligament
#18
Robert Burnham, Larry Playfair, Eldon Loh, Shannon Roberts, Anne Agur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570280/battlefield-acupuncture-an-emerging-method-for-easing-pain
#19
Charles E Levy, Nicholas Casler, David B FitzGerald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520622/perilesional-reorganization-in-a-patient-with-brain-tumor
#20
Sung Ho Jang, Jeong Pyo Seo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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