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American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520622/perilesional-reorganization-in-a-patient-with-brain-tumor
#1
Sung Ho Jang, Jeong Pyo Seo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481756/dynamic-change-in-ultrasonographic-findings-in-iliotibial-band-syndrome-after-running
#2
Dena Abdelshahed, Steven Neuman, Mooyeon Oh-Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481755/presumed-acute-leukemia-presenting-as-acute-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Xiao Han, Brian Nguyen, Eric L Altschuler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441148/health-related-quality-of-life-and-cancer-related-symptoms-during-interdisciplinary-outpatient-rehabilitation-for-malignant-brain-tumor
#4
Stacy McCarty, Sarah M Eickmeyer, Masha Kocherginsky, Susan Keeshin, Samman Shahpar, Patrick Semik, Alex W K Wong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the relationships between functional outcomes, clinical symptoms, and health-related quality of life among patients with malignant brain tumors receiving interdisciplinary outpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN: A prospective study of 49 adults with malignant brain tumors participating in outpatient therapies was performed. Outcome measures included the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Brain (FACT-Br) for health-related quality of life and the Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Instrument Survey (PROMIS) Depression and Pain Behavior scales measured at admission, discharge, 1 and 3 mos after discharge...
April 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410251/association-of-need-for-tracheotomy-with-decreasing-mechanical-in-exsufflation-flows-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#5
John R Bach, Neelam Upadhyaya
Although patients with lower motor neuron and myopathic disorders can prolong their lives by depending on continuous noninvasive ventilatory support, most patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cannot and must use tracheostomy mechanical ventilation to prolong survival. This case demonstrates that this occurs because amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients' upper motor neuron reflex laryngeal closure and stridor cause upper airway collapse that renders mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MIE) ineffective in expulsing airway secretions as well as for permitting continuous noninvasive ventilatory support...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410250/effects-of-antigravity-treadmill-training-on-gait-balance-and-fall-risk-in-children-with-diplegic-cerebral-palsy
#6
Shamekh Mohamed El-Shamy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of antigravity treadmill training on gait, balance, and fall risk in children with diplegic cerebral palsy. DESIGN: Thirty children with diplegic cerebral palsy were selected for this randomized controlled study. They were randomly assigned to (1) an experimental group that received antigravity treadmill training (20 mins/d, 3 d/wk) together with traditional physical therapy for 3 successive mos and (2) a control group that received only traditional physical therapy program for the same period...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406801/ultrasound-guided-s1-transforaminal-epidural-injection-using-the-in-plane-approach-and-color-doppler-imaging
#7
Donghwi Park
Recently, several studies have investigated the effectiveness of the ultrasound-guided lumbosacral transforaminal epidural injection. However, the ultrasound-guided S1 transforaminal epidural injection using an out-of-plane approach, which was previously reported, may cause an intestinal injury or intravascular injection because the needle tip tends to be invisible in the out-of-plane approach. In this study, therefore, we report a new method of ultrasound-guided S1 transforaminal epidural injection using the in-plane approach and color Doppler...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398969/efficacy-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-pain-and-self-report-function-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-best-evidence-synthesis
#8
Zhongwei Xu, Jiao Luo, Xiao Huang, Bin Wang, Jian Zhang, Aiguo Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in pain and self-report function of patients with knee osteoarthritis on the basis of comparisons with hyaluronic acid or placebo. DESIGN: Best-evidence synthesis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted. Literature retrieval was limited to RCTs assessing the efficacy of PRP in knee osteoarthritis. Methodology evaluation and data extraction were based on Cochrane Collaboration guidelines...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398968/treadmill-walking-combined-with-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-parkinson-disease-a-pilot-study-of-kinematic-and-neurophysiological-effects
#9
Helena Fernández-Lago, Olalla Bello, Francina Mora-Cerdá, Jorge Montero-Cámara, Miguel Ángel Fernández-Del-Olmo
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that combining treadmill walking with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) enhances the gait improvements associated with treadmill walking in Parkinson disease. We explored the effects of these combined methodologies on corticospinal parameters. DESIGN: Eighteen participants with Parkinson disease were evaluated under the following three conditions: treadmill walking alone (treadmill), treadmill walking combined with anodal tDCS (AtDCS+treadmill) delivered over the motor cortex, and treadmill walking combined with sham stimulation (StDCS+treadmill)...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398967/current-trends-in-exercise-intervention-research-technology-and-behavioral-change-strategies-for-people-with-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#10
Byron Lai, Hui-Ju Young, C Scott Bickel, Robert W Motl, James H Rimmer
This review synthesized physical activity and exercise intervention literature for the past 10 yrs for people with physical and cognitive disabilities including intervention characteristics, behavior change strategies, and types of technologies used to improve targeted outcomes. Systematic searches yielded 132 eligible studies. The major disability groups were multiple sclerosis (41%), stroke (15%), and spinal cord injury (12%). Research designs primarily involved randomized controlled trials (61%) versus quasi-experimental designs (39%)...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383292/corticomotor-excitability-effects-of-peripheral-nerve-electrical-stimulation-to-the-paretic-arm-in-stroke
#11
Hao Liu, Stephanie S Y Au-Yeung
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the corticomotor excitability changes after peripheral nerve electrical stimulation (PNS) on the stroke-impaired arm. DESIGN: This randomized cross-over study included 32 subjects with chronic stroke. They received a 1-hr PNS or placebo PNS by random order to the ulnar and radial nerves of the paretic arm in separate sessions. The primary outcome was excitability of the corticospinal projections for the contralateral first dorsal interosseous hand muscle in terms of slope of the recruitment curve, peak motor-evoked potential amplitude, and duration of the cortical silent period, measured with transcranial magnetic stimulation on both cerebral hemispheres...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379922/sensor-fusion-to-infer-locations-of-standing-and-reaching-within-the-home-in-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Luca Lonini, Timothy Reissman, Jose M Ochoa, Chaithanya K Mummidisetty, Konrad Kording, Arun Jayaraman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of rehabilitation after spinal cord injury is to enable successful function in everyday life and independence at home. Clinical tests can assess whether patients are able to execute functional movements but are limited in assessing such information at home. A prototype system is developed that detects stand-to-reach activities, a movement with important functional implications, at multiple locations within a mock kitchen. DESIGN: Ten individuals with incomplete spinal cord injuries performed a sequence of standing and reaching tasks...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379921/a-tip-for-differentiating-between-sensory-and-muscle-action-potentials
#13
Nobushige Takahashi, Osamu Takahashi, Ryosuke Ushijima, Rie Umebayashi, Junji Nishikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368898/the-effect-of-sleep-disturbances-on-the-functional-recovery-of-rehabilitation-inpatients-following-mild-and-moderate-stroke
#14
Kyung-Lim Joa, Won-Hyoung Kim, Ha-Yoon Choi, Chan-Hyuk Park, Eun-Suk Kim, Sook-Joung Lee, Soo-Yeon Kim, Sung-Hwa Ko, Han-Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the impact of insomnia and sleep disturbance on the functional outcomes of mild and moderated stroke. DESIGN: A multicenter-observational and correlation study was performed. Two hundred eighty patients with mild-moderate severity stroke admitted to three acute hospitals rehabilitation departments. Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, criteria were used to define patients with insomnia and any sleep disturbance...
March 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368897/a-longitudinal-study-of-social-participation-after-dysvascular-lower-extremity-amputation
#15
Ann Marie Roepke, Rhonda M Williams, Aaron P Turner, Alison W Henderson, Daniel C Norvell, Helene Henson, Kevin N Hakimi, Joseph M Czerniecki
OBJECTIVE: This study examined patterns of social participation among individuals experiencing their first dysvascular lower extremity amputation. We identified the types of social participation valued by this population and explored factors that were associated with individuals' levels of participation and their subjective satisfaction with participation. DESIGN: A prospective cohort was recruited from four Veterans Administration Medical Centers and followed for 1 yr after amputation...
March 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350559/interventional-spine-considerations-for-dural-ectasia-in-a-patient-with-marfan-syndrome
#16
David J Kohns
For patients with Marfan syndrome who present with radicular low back pain, interventional spine providers should be familiar with dural ectasia with variable diffuse thinning of the posterior wall of the lumbar spine and sacrum. Providers should carefully weigh the risks and benefits of offering elective procedures because altered anatomy may put these patients at higher risk of dural puncture. Patient selection is essential because hydrostatic pressures and/or neural tension should also be considered as potential pain generators that may not be relieved by steroid injections...
March 27, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346310/the-potential-for-gabapentinoid-abuse-in-pain-management
#17
Tze Chao Wee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346309/sacral-insufficiency-fracture-in-an-elderly-woman-with-hip-pain
#18
Chia-Ying Lin, Ming-Tsung Chuang, Yin-I Chiu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346308/atypical-fatty-infiltration-in-a-below-knee-amputation
#19
Adam Kassam, Ricardo Viana, Michael W C Payne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346307/ultrasound-guided-selective-cervical-root-injection-for-postherpetic-neuralgia
#20
Ke-Vin Chang, Chih-Peng Lin, Wei-Ting Wu, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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