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American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816707/effect-of-group-exercising-and-adjusting-the-brace-at-shorter-intervals-on-cobb-angle-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#1
Zahra Hedayati, Amir Ahmadi, Mojtaba Kamyab, Taher Babaee, Mohammad Saleh Ganjavian
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of group exercise with brace adjustment at shorter intervals than used in routine practice in late-onset idiopathic scoliosis patients. DESIGN: This was a quasi-experimental study. Thirty patients with progressive scoliosis curves of 15-50 degrees and a prescription for a brace were divided into experimental and control groups, both of which participated in an 11-wk treatment program. Those in the experimental group underwent brace adjustment twice per week and performed group exercise, whereas those in the control group received a routine protocol...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816704/comparison-between-corticosteroid-and-lidocaine-injection-in-the-treatment-of-tennis-elbow-a-randomized-double-blinded-controlled-trial
#2
Lin-Fen Hsieh, Ying-Chen Kuo, Chia-Cheng Lee, Ya-Fang Liu, Yu-Chia Liu, Vincent Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of corticosteroid injection with lidocaine injection in treating tennis elbow. DESIGN: It is a prospective, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Patients with tennis elbow for more than 1 mo were recruited from a hospital-based rehabilitation outpatient clinic. A total of 70 patients were recruited, and 61 patients completed the study. Patients received an injection of either 10 mg (1 ml) of triamcinolone (corticosteroid group, n = 30) or 1 ml of 1% lidocaine (lidocaine group, n = 31)...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795958/diffusion-tensor-tractography-for-decompressive-operation-decisions-in-patients-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#3
Sungho Jang, Chulhoon Chang, Jonghoon Kim, Soyoung Kwak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796647/cauda-equina-syndrome-due-to-vigorous-back-massage-with-spinal-manipulation-in-a-patient-with-pre-existing-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Si-Dong Yang, Qian Chen, Wen-Yuan Ding
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) resulting from acute lumbar disc herniation due to spinal massage is extremely rare. We present a case of CES caused by the acute worsening of a lumbar disc herniation after a vigorous back massage that included spinal manipulation. After vigorous back massage with spinal manipulation performed by a massage therapist, a 38-yr-old male patient experienced CES with severe numbness in both lower limbs, inability to walk due to weakness of bilateral lower limbs, and incontinence of urine and feces...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796648/slow-versus-fast-robot-assisted-locomotor-training-after-severe-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Thais Amanda Rodrigues, Daniel Gustavo Goroso, Philip M Westgate, Cheryl Carrico, Linamara R Batistella, Lumy Sawaki
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Robot-assisted locomotor training on a bodyweight-supported treadmill is a rehabilitation intervention that compels repetitive practice of gait movements. Standard treadmill speed may elicit rhythmic movements generated primarily by spinal circuits. Slower-than-standard treadmill speed may elicit discrete movements, which are more complex than rhythmic movements and involve cortical areas. OBJECTIVE: Compare effects of fast (i.e., rhythmic) versus slow (i...
August 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787287/expression-of-concern
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777105/reducing-circumduction-and-hip-hiking-during-hemiparetic-walking-through-targeted-assistance-of-the-paretic-limb-using-a-soft-robotic-exosuit
#7
Louis N Awad, Jaehyun Bae, Pawel Kudzia, Andrew Long, Kathryn Hendron, Kenneth G Holt, Kathleen OʼDonnell, Terry D Ellis, Conor J Walsh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects on common poststroke gait compensations of a soft wearable robot (exosuit) designed to assist the paretic limb during hemiparetic walking. DESIGN: A single-session study of eight individuals in the chronic phase of stroke recovery was conducted. Two testing conditions were compared: walking with the exosuit powered versus walking with the exosuit unpowered. Each condition was 8 minutes in duration. RESULTS: Compared with walking with the exosuit unpowered, walking with the exosuit powered resulted in reductions in hip hiking (27 [6%], P = 0...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763326/point-of-care-ultrasonography-findings-and-care-use-among-patients-undergoing-ultrasound-guided-shoulder-injections
#8
Se Won Lee, Timothy Tiu, Jeremy Roberts, Brian Lee, Matthew N Bartels, Mooyeon Oh-Park
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to assess the overall reduction of pain in patients undergoing ultrasound-guided shoulder injections and to characterize the preinjection point-of-care ultrasound findings and use of clinical services postinjection including the use of magnetic resonance imaging and surgeries. DESIGN: Data of 172 patients who underwent ultrasound-guided subacromial subdeltoid injection or glenohumeral joint injection were reviewed for preinjection point-of-care ultrasound findings, change in pain intensity at 2 mos from baseline, and use of care at 6 mos' postinjection...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763325/could-activity-modifications-indicate-physical-decline-among-adults-with-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis
#9
Augustine C Lee, Rina M Bloch, William F Harvey, Jeffrey B Driban, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVES: Mobility activity modifications indicate early functional losses that act as precursors to future declines among community-dwelling older adults. However, there is scarce evidence on whether activity modifications indicate poorer physical health among adults with symptomatic osteoarthritis, a major cause of disability. Our purpose was to investigate whether patient-reported mobility activity modifications indicated poorer physical health among adults with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759477/second-order-peer-reviews-of-clinically-relevant-articles-for-the-physiatrist-additional-weekend-therapy-may-reduce-length-of-rehabilitation-stay-after-stroke-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#10
Robert Teasell, Andreea Cotoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759476/aquatic-exercises-in-the-treatment-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis-of-eight-studies
#11
Zhongju Shi, Hengxing Zhou, Lu Lu, Bin Pan, Zhijian Wei, Xue Yao, Yi Kang, Lu Liu, Shiqing Feng
OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is the most common musculoskeletal condition with a high prevalence. There was no sufficient evidence to recommend that aquatic exercise was potentially beneficial to patients with low back pain. The aim of this study was to systematically analyze all evidence available in the literature about effectiveness of the aquatic exercise. DESIGN: A comprehensive search of PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health was conducted from their inceptions to November 2016 for randomized controlled trials, which concerned the therapeutic aquatic exercise for low back pain...
July 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742534/ultrasound-imaging-for-dorsal-ulnar-cutaneous-neuropathy-with-extensor-carpi-ulnaris-tendinopathy
#12
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737516/pre-therapy-neural-state-of-bilateral-motor-and-premotor-cortices-predicts-therapy-gain-after-subcortical-stroke-a-pilot-study
#13
Carmen M Cirstea, Phil Lee, Sorin C Craciunas, In-Young Choi, Joseph E Burris, Randolph J Nudo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine whether neural state of spared motor and premotor cortices captured before a therapy predicts therapy-related motor gains in chronic subcortical stroke. DESIGN: Ten survivors, presenting chronic moderate upper limb impairment, underwent proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, clinical, and kinematics assessments before a 4-wk impairment-oriented training. Clinical/kinematics assessments were repeated after therapy, and motor gain was defined as positive values of clinical upper limb/elbow motion changes and negative values of trunk motion changes...
July 22, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708632/innovating-with-rehabilitation-technology-in-the-real-world-promises-potentials-and-perspectives
#14
Karen Sui Geok Chua, Christopher Wee Keong Kuah
In this article, we discuss robotic-assisted therapy as an emerging and significant field of clinical rehabilitation and its value proposition for innovating rehabilitation clinical practice. Attempts to achieve integration among clinicians' practices and bioengineers' machines often generate new challenges and controversies. To date, the literature is indicative of a sizeable number and variety of robotic devices in the field of clinical rehabilitation, some are commercially available; however, large-scale clinical outcomes are less positive than expected...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708631/development-of-systemic-inflammatory-polyarthritis-after-zygapophyseal-joint-injection-with-hylan-g-f-20-synvisc-one
#15
Denizen Kocak, Thiru Annaswamy, Sharon Chong, Rashmi Arora
Hylan G-F 20 (Synvisc-One) is a hyaluronic acid derivative used for viscosupplementation of synovial fluid in osteoarthritic joints. Injection of hylan G-F 20 is Federal Drug Administration approved for use in knee osteoarthritis and is generally well tolerated with few reported adverse effects, the most common being local pain or swelling. We present the case of a 72-year-old man with bilateral, diffuse, joint pain and swelling with elevated inflammatory markers suggestive of a systemic inflammatory polyarthropathy that developed acutely 2 days after lumbar zygapophyseal joint injection with hylan G-F 20...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704209/robotic-hand-assisted-training-for-spinal-cord-injury-driven-by-myoelectric-pattern-recognition-a-case-report
#16
Zhiyuan Lu, Kai-Yu Tong, Henry Shin, Argyrios Stampas, Ping Zhou
A 51-year-old man with an incomplete C6 spinal cord injury sustained 26 yrs ago attended twenty 2-hr visits over 10 wks for robot-assisted hand training driven by myoelectric pattern recognition. In each visit, his right hand was assisted to perform motions by an exoskeleton robot, while the robot was triggered by his own motion intentions. The hand robot was designed for this study, which can perform six kinds of motions, including hand closing/opening; thumb, index finger, and middle finger closing/opening; and middle, ring, and little fingers closing/opening...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700362/bilateral-patellar-tendons-tears-after-a-fall-from-standing-position
#17
Atzmon Tsur, Marina Deeb, Nael Shakeer, Norman Loberant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696976/bilateral-patellar-tendon-tears-after-a-fall-from-standing-position-do-you-mind-systemic-diseases-and-medications
#18
Kamal Mezian, Jan Vacek, Leoš Navrátil, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692486/standard-and-amputation-adjusted-body-mass-index-measures-comparison-and-relevance-to-functional-measures-weight-related-comorbidities-and-dieting
#19
Christopher Kevin Wong, Ryan J Wong
People with limb loss may misjudge weight-related health when not adjusting body mass index (BMI) for amputation level. This cross-sectional, community-based study compared BMI and amputation-adjusted BMI (A-BMI) and evaluated relationships among BMI categories, function, and dieting. Subjects provided self-reported demographic, functional, and medical/prosthetic data including height and weight and completed performance-based balance and gait measures. A Web-based A-BMI calculator adjusted for amputation levels...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682841/a-systematic-review-of-comorbidity-measurement-methods-for-patients-with-nontraumatic-brain-injury-in-inpatient-rehabilitation-settings
#20
Wayne Khuu, Vincy Chan, Angela Colantonio
This review summarizes comorbidity measurements used on patients with nontraumatic brain injury in inpatient rehabilitation and describes findings on measurement validation and comorbidity profiles. MEDLINE and MEDLINE In-Process, EMBASE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Health, and Psychosocial Measurement Instruments were searched. Two reviewers screened results according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Population, statistical methods, comorbidity measurement, justification of its use, and results involving comorbidity were extracted using a standard table...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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