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American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898479/the-effect-of-skin-pressure-on-needle-entry-point-accuracy-during-fluoroscopically-guided-lumbar-transforaminal-epidural-injections-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Soon Young Yun, Duck Mi Yoon, Kyung Bong Yoon, Ji Ae Moon, Shin Hyung Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of skin pressure on needle entry point accuracy during fluoroscopically guided lumbar transforaminal epidural injection. DESIGN: This study is a prospective randomized clinical trial; 64 patients with a body mass index of 25 kg/m or greater were enrolled. For patients in the pressing group, the operator marked the needle entry point on the patient's back while pressing the patient's skin with the tip of an indicator...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898478/inflammatory-mediators-and-pain-in-the-first-year-after-acute-episode-of-low-back-pain-in-elderly-women-longitudinal-data-from-back-complaints-in-the-elders-brazil
#2
Bárbara Zille Queiroz, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Nayza Maciel de Britto Rosa, Renata Antunes Lopes, André Gustavo Pereira Andrade, Diogo Carvalho Felício, Renata Muniz Freire Vinhal Siqueira Jardim, Amanda Aparecida Oliveira Leopoldino, Juscélio Pereira Silva, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the course of plasma levels of inflammatory mediators (interleukin 6 [IL-6], tumor necrosis factor α [TNF-α], soluble TNF receptor 1 [sTNF-R1]) and the severity of low-back pain (LBP) over 6 to 12 months after an acute episode of LBP in elderly women and to establish an association between inflammatory mediators and LBP recovery. DESIGN: This was a longitudinal study of a subsample (155 elderly women with acute LBP, aged ≥65 years) of the international Back Complaints in the Elders cohort study...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898477/costs-and-length-of-stay-for-the-acute-care-of-patients-with-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury-following-cervical-trauma-the-impact-of-early-transfer-to-specialized-acute-sci-center
#3
Andréane Richard-Denis, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Cynthia Thompson, Étienne Bourassa-Moreau, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
OBJECTIVE: Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) centers aim to optimize outcome following SCI. However, there is no timeframe to transfer patients from regional to SCI centers in order to promote cost-efficiency of acute care. Our objective was to compare costs and length of stay (LOS) following early and late transfer to the SCI center. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study involving 116 individuals was conducted. Group 1 (n = 87) was managed in an SCI center promptly after the trauma, whereas group 2 (n = 29) was transferred to the SCI center only after surgery...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898476/bilateral-rectus-femoris-muscle-rupture-following-statin-medication
#4
Kamal Mezian, Jan Vacek, Leoš Navrátil, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820733/restoration-of-heel-pad-elasticity-in-heel-pad-syndrome-evaluated-by-shear-wave-elastography
#5
Che-Yu Lin, Chueh-Hung Wu, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820732/a-rare-intramedullary-spinal-cord-metastasis-from-a-retroperitoneal-leiomyosarcoma-presenting-as-a-non-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Andrew Lamberth Parker, Terrence Pugh, Mark A Hirsch
Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare but well-recognized malignant soft tissue sarcoma of smooth muscle origin. Metastases commonly occur in the lungs, liver, kidney, brain, and bone. Cases of metastatic osseous lesions or other extradural space-occupying masses secondary to LMS leading to neurologic compromise are relatively commonplace in the literature. Conversely, cases of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM), an unusual entity as a sequela of any cancer, are exceedingly rare as a consequence of LMS. Only 2 cases of an ISCM from LMS are currently documented in the literature, and to the best of our knowledge, no case is described in the rehabilitation literature...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820731/the-association-between-activity-limitation-stages-and-admission-to-facilities-providing-long-term-care-among-older-medicare-beneficiaries
#7
Jibby E Kurichi, Joel E Streim, Dawei Xie, Sean Hennessy, Ling Na, Debra Saliba, Qiang Pan, Pui L Kwong, Hillary R Bogner
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine whether activity limitation stages are associated with admission to facilities providing long-term care (LTC). DESIGN: Cohort study using Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey data from the 2005-2009 entry panels. A total of 14,580 community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries 65 years or older were included. Proportional subhazard models examined associations between activity limitation stages and time to first LTC admission, adjusting for baseline sociodemographics and health conditions...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820730/community-based-rehabilitation-to-improve-stroke-survivors-rehabilitation-participation-and-functional-recovery
#8
Xiaojuan Ru, Hong Dai, Bin Jiang, Ninghua Li, Xingquan Zhao, Zhen Hong, Li He, Wenzhi Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based rehabilitation appropriate technique (CRAT) intervention program in increasing rehabilitation participation and improving functional recovery of stroke survivors. DESIGN: This study followed a quasi-experimental design. In each of 5 centers servicing approximately 50,000 individuals, 2 communities were designated as either the intervention or control community. A CRAT intervention program, including 2-year rehabilitation education and 3-month CRAT treatment, was regularly implemented in the intervention communities, whereas there was no special intervention in the control community...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820729/dance-improves-functionality-and-psychosocial-adjustment-in-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Lavinia Teixeira-Machado, Isabela Azevedo-Santos, Josimari Melo DeSantana
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled clinical trial aimed to investigate the effect of dance in the functionality and psychosocial adjustment of young subjects with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-six young subjects with CP, GMFCS (Gross Motor Function Classification System) levels from II to V, were randomized into two intervention groups: kinesiotherapy and dance (n = 13 each). Twenty-four sessions (1 hour, twice a week) were performed in both groups...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820728/comparison-of-2-dosages-of-stretching-treatment-in-infants-with-congenital-muscular-torticollis-a-randomized-trial
#10
Lu He, Xiaohua Yan, Jinling Li, Buyun Guan, Liying Ma, Ying Chen, Jianning Mai, Kaishou Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term efficacy of 2 dosages of stretching treatment on the clinical outcomes in infants with congenital muscular torticollis. DESIGN: This was a prospective randomized controlled study. Fifty infants with congenital muscular torticollis who were randomly assigned to 100-times stretching group and 50-times stretching group received stretching treatment for the affected sternocleidomastoid muscle. The outcomes including the head tilt, the cervical passive range of motion, and the muscle function of cervical lateral flexors determined by the muscle function scale were assessed at baseline and at 4 and 8 weeks after treatment...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779490/paraplegia-following-lumbar-epidural-steroid-injection-in-a-patient-with-a-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#11
Thiru M Annaswamy, Jared Worchel
We report a patient with a previously undiagnosed spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) who became acutely paraplegic following a lumbar epidural steroid injection for lumbar spinal stenosis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple flow voids and serpentine vessels on the cord surface with cord edema extending from T3 through the conus. Spinal angiography confirmed an SDAVF fed by the left lateral sacral artery, which was subsequently endovascularly embolized, and the patient had a partial return of function...
October 22, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779489/an-unusual-cause-of-talipes-equinovarus-agenesis-of-leg-muscles
#12
Soumaya Boudokhane, Amine Kalai, Badii Hmida, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779488/venous-thromboembolism-as-predictor-of-acute-care-hospital-transfer-and-inpatient-rehabilitation-length-of-stay
#13
Shanti M Pinto, Gary Galang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of venous thromboembolism (VTE) on rate of acute care hospital transfer, inpatient rehabilitation (IPR) length of stay (LOS), and functional outcomes. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of 2312 consecutive patient discharges from a single IPR facility over an 18-month period. RESULTS: When age, sex, reason for admission, and admission Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores were controlled for, those with VTE had nearly 2 times greater odds for transfer to acute care hospital than did those without a diagnosis of VTE...
October 22, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755000/ultrasonographic-technique-for-imaging-and-injecting-the-superior-cluneal-nerve
#14
Ke-Vin Chang, Shu-Hao Hsu, Wei-Ting Wu, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754999/reciprocal-causation-between-functional-independence-and-mental-health-1-and-2-years-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cross-lagged-panel-structural-equation-model
#15
Paul B Perrin, Lillian F Stevens, Megan Sutter, Anthony H Lequerica, Denise Krch, Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: The research attempting to disentangle the directionality of relationships between mental health and functional outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is growing but has yielded equivocal findings or focused on isolated predictors or isolated outcomes. The purpose of the current study was to use cross-lagged panel and structural equation modeling (SEM) techniques to examine causality between comprehensive indices of mental health (depression, anxiety, and life satisfaction) and functional independence in a national sample of individuals with TBI over the first 2 years after injury...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754998/effects-of-high-and-low-velocity-resistance-training-on-gait-kinematics-and-kinetics-in-individuals-with-hip-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Yoshihiro Fukumoto, Hiroshige Tateuchi, Rui Tsukagoshi, Yusuke Okita, Haruhiko Akiyama, Kazutaka So, Yutaka Kuroda, Noriaki Ichihashi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of high-velocity (HV) and low-velocity (LV) resistance training on gait kinematics and kinetics in patients with hip osteoarthritis. DESIGN: This was a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Forty-six women with hip osteoarthritis were randomly allocated to the HV (n = 23) or LV (n = 23) training group. The participants underwent an 8-week home-based the HV or LV resistance-training program, involving the hip and knee muscles...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754997/disability-stages-and-trouble-getting-needed-health-care-among-medicare-beneficiaries
#17
Heather F McClintock, Jibby E Kurichi, Pui L Kwong, Dawei Xie, Joel E Streim, Liliana E Pezzin, Sean Hennessey, Ling Na, Hillary R Bogner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether activity limitation stages were associated with patient-reported trouble getting needed health care among Medicare beneficiaries. DESIGN: This was a population-based study (n = 35,912) of Medicare beneficiaries who participated in the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey for years 2001-2010. Beneficiaries were classified into an activity limitation stage from 0 (no limitation) to IV (complete) derived from self-reported or proxy-reported difficulty performing activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750264/evaluating-disability-insurance-assistance-as-a-specific-intervention-by-physiatrists-at-a-cancer-center
#18
Jack B Fu, Melissa P Osborn, Julie K Silver, Benedict S Konzen, An Ngo-Huang, Rajesh Yadav, Eduardo Bruera
Because of their expertise, physiatrists provide disability insurance assistance for cancer survivors. In this brief report, we perform a descriptive retrospective analysis of all new (354) outpatient physiatry consultations from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2013, at a National Cancer Institute Comprehensive Cancer Center. Disability and/or work accommodations were brought up at some point with the physiatrist during the duration of their care for 131 (37%) of 354 patients. More than 90% of the discussions took place during the first visit...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750263/task-oriented-performance-evaluation-for-assistive-robotic-manipulators-a-pilot-study
#19
Cheng-Shiu Chung, Hongwu Wang, Matthew J Hannan, Dan Ding, Annmarie R Kelleher, Rory A Cooper
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the performance of commercially available assistive robotic manipulators (ARMs) user interfaces and to investigate the concurrent validity and sensitivity to change with task-oriented performance evaluation tools (TO-PETs) for ARMs. DESIGN: This was a nonblinded randomized controlled study with power-wheelchair users with upper-extremity impairments (N = 10). Participants were trained to use 2 ARMs with their respective original user interfaces (keypad and joystick) and evaluated the performance using TO-PET and the adapted Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT-ARM)...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680427/kilohertz-and-low-frequency-electrical-stimulation-with-the-same-pulse-duration-have-similar-efficiency-for-inducing-isometric-knee-extension-torque-and-discomfort
#20
Flavia Vanessa Medeiros, Martim Bottaro, Amilton Vieira, Tiago Pires Lucas, Karenina Arrais Modesto, Antonio Padilha L Bo, Gerson Cipriano, Nicolas Babault, João Luiz Quaglioti Durigan
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that, as compared with pulsed current with the same pulse duration, kilohertz frequency alternating current would not differ in terms of evoked-torque production and perceived discomfort, and as a result, it would show the same current efficiency. DESIGN: A repeated-measures design with 4 stimuli presented in random order was used to test 25 women: (1) 500-microsecond pulse duration, (2) 250-microsecond pulse duration, (3) 500-microsecond pulse duration and low carrier frequency (1 kHz), (4) 250-microsecond pulse duration and high carrier frequency (4 kHz)...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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