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American Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712491/glaucoma-progression-in-the-unaffected-fellow-eye-of-glaucoma-patients-who-developed-unilateral-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion
#1
LETTER
Katarzyna Konieczka, Stephan Fraenkl, Maneli Mozaffarieh, Josef Flammer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705661/canaliculorhinostomy-indications-and-surgical-results
#2
Jung Hye Lee, Stephanie Ming Young, Yoon-Duck Kim, Kyung In Woo, Jung-Hoon Yum
PURPOSE: To report the surgical results of canaliculorhinostomy for patients with distal canalicular obstruction and lacking a structurally functional lacrimal sac who would otherwise require a conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy(CDCR) with Jones tube placement. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series. METHODS: • Setting: Single tertiary institution. • Period: November 1994 to June 2011. • Patient Population: 16 patients with canalicular obstruction at or beyond 8 mm from the punctum, with an absent or unidentifiable lacrimal sac...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705660/prevalence-of-diagnosed-dry-eye-disease-in-the-united-states-among-adults-aged-18-years-and-older
#3
Kimberly F Farrand, Moshe Fridman, Ipek Özer Stillman, Debra A Schaumberg
PURPOSE: To provide current estimates of the prevalence of diagnosed dry eye disease (DED) and associated demographics among US adults aged ≥18 years. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based survey. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 75,000 participants in the 2013 National Health and Wellness Survey to estimate prevalence/risk of diagnosed DED overall, and by age, sex, insurance, and other demographic factors. We weighted the observed DED prevalence to project estimates to the US adult population and examined associations between demographic factors and DED using multivariable logistic regression...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693741/glaucoma-progression-in-the-unaffected-fellow-eye-of-glaucoma-patients-who-developed-unilateral-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion
#4
LETTER
Hae-Young Lopilly Park, Sooji Jeon, Mee Yon Lee, Chan Kee Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687220/one-vs-two-muscle-surgery-for-presumed-unilateral-fourth-nerve-palsy-associated-with-moderate-angle-hyperdeviations
#5
David L Nash, Sarah R Hatt, David A Leske, Laura May, Erick D Bothun, Brian G Mohney, Michael C Brodsky, Jonathan M Holmes
PURPOSE: To compare one-muscle versus two-muscle surgery for moderate-angle hyperdeviations due to presumed unilateral fourth nerve palsy. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review METHODS: 73 patients (5 to 86 years) underwent either one- or two-muscle surgery at our institution, for moderate hyperdeviation, due to presumed unilateral fourth nerve palsy, measuring 14 to 25 PD in straight ahead gaze at distance fixation. Six week and 1-year motor success was defined as zero vertical deviation or 1-4 PD undercorrection at distance, overcorrection as any reversal of hypertropia, and undercorrection as >4 PD...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687219/diabetic-macular-edema-with-and-without-subfoveal-neuroretinal-detachment-two-different-morphological-and-functional-entities
#6
Stela Vujosevic, Tommaso Torresin, Marianna Berton, Silvia Bini, Enrica Convento, Edoardo Midena
PURPOSE: To assess specific morphologic and functional characteristics in eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME) with subfoveal neuroretinal detachment (SND+) vs DME without SND (SND-). DESIGN: Cross-sectional, prospective, comparative case series. METHODS: Seventy two patients (72 eyes: 22 eyes SND+ and 50 eyes SND-) with treatment-naïve, center-involving DME were evaluated. Data gathering included fundus color photographs, fluorescein angiography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and microperimetry...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687218/keratoconus-screening-indices-and-their-diagnostic-ability-to-distinguish-normal-from-ectatic-corneas
#7
Rohit Shetty, Harsha Rao, Pooja Khamar, Kanchan Sainani, Krishnapoojita Vunnava, Chaitra Jayadev, Luci Kaweri
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic ability of three Scheimpflug devices in differentiating normal from ectatic corneas. DESIGN: Comparison of diagnostic instrument accuracy METHODS: This study included 42 normal eyes, 37 subclinical and 51 keratoconic eyes, seen in a tertiary eye care institute. Keratoconus-screening indices were evaluated using the Pentacam, Galilei and Sirius. Sensitivity, specificity and area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were calculated...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687158/strabismus-measurements-in-adults-before-and-after-pupil-dilation
#8
LETTER
Sean S Rivera, Mike S Lee, Jill S Anderson, Erick D Bothun, Scott Lunos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673750/quality-of-vision-in-eyes-with-epiphora-undergoing-lacrimal-passage-intubation
#9
Shizuka Koh, Yasushi Inoue, Shintaro Ochi, Yoshihiro Takai, Naoyuki Maeda, Kohji Nishida
PURPOSE: To investigate visual function and optical quality in eyes with epiphora undergoing lacrimal passage intubation. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Thirty-four eyes of 30 patients with lacrimal passage obstruction were enrolled. Before and 1 month after lacrimal passage intubation, functional visual acuity (FVA), higher-order aberrations (HOAs), lower tear meniscus and tear clearance were assessed. An FVA measurement system was used to examine changes in continuous visual acuity (VA) over time, and visual function parameters such as FVA, visual maintenance ratio, and blink frequency were obtained...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673749/microcystoid-macular-changes-in-association-with-idiopathic-epiretinal-membranes-in-eyes-with-and-without-glaucoma-clinical-insights
#10
Andrea Govetto, Daniel Su, Matthew Farajzadeh, Alin Megerdichian, Eva Platner, Yvette Ducournau, Gianni Virgili, Jean Pierre Hubschman
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical and surgical significance of microcystoid macular changes in the inner nuclear layer in patients with idiopathic epiretinal membranes, with and without glaucomatous optic neuropathy. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Clinical charts and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of 264 eyes of 234 consecutive patients diagnosed with idiopathic epiretinal membranes were reviewed and analyzed...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673748/late-solitary-extraocular-recurrence-from-previously-resected-iris-melanoma
#11
Ido Didi Fabian, Caroline Thaung, Lamis AlHarby, Karen Sisley, Hardeep S Mudhar, Rachel E Doherty, Andrew W Stacey, Amit K Arora, Victoria M L Cohen, Mandeep S Sagoo
PURPOSE: To report on cases of late extraocular relapse of previously resected iris melanoma, without concurrent intraocular recurrence. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 4 patients diagnosed with late subconjunctival relapse of previously resected iris melanoma. RESULTS: Three females and one male underwent iris tumour resection and presented to our service with suspicious conjunctival lesions at a median of 22 years later (mean: 21)...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673747/philadelphia-telemedicine-glaucoma-detection-and-follow-up-study-methods-and-screening-results
#12
Lisa A Hark, L Jay Katz, Jonathan S Myers, Michael Waisbourd, Deiana Johnson, Laura T Pizzi, Benjamin E Leiby, Scott J Fudemberg, Anand V Mantravadi, Jeffrey D Henderer, Tingting Zhan, Jeanne Molineaux, Vance Doyle, Meskerem Divers, Christine Burns, Ann P Murchison, Shae Reber, Arthur Resende, Thien Dan V Bui, Jane Lee, John E Crews, Jinan B Saaddine, Paul P Lee, Louis R Pasquale, Julia A Haller
PURPOSE: To describe methodology and screening results from the Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study. DESIGN: Screening program results for a prospective, randomized clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Individuals were recruited who were African-American, Hispanic/Latino, or Asian over age 40 years; Caucasian individuals over age 65 years; any ethnicity over age 40 years with a family history of glaucoma or diabetes...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669781/prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-and-blindness-in-indonesian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Muhammad Bayu Sasongko, Felicia Widyaputri, Angela Nurini Agni, Firman Setya Wardhana, Satyaprabha Kotha, Prateek Gupta, Tri Wahyu Widayanti, Supanji Haryanto, Rifa Widyaningrum, Tien Yin Wong, Ryo Kawasaki, Jie Jin Wang
PURPOSE: To report the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and DR-related blindness in Indonesian population with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community health centers. STUDY POPULATION: We recruited 1184 people aged older than 30 years with type 2 diabetes residing in Jogjakarta, Indonesia. Multi-stage, clustered random sampling based on regencies and districts in Jogjakarta was used...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669780/impact-of-normal-aging-and-progression-definitions-on-the-specificity-of-detecting-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thinning
#14
Zhichao Wu, Luke J Saunders, Linda M Zangwill, Fábio B Daga, Jonathan G Crowston, Felipe A Medeiros
PURPOSE: To evaluate the specificity of current definitions used to identify progressive change of the average peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measurements obtained on optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study METHODS: Setting: University of California, San Diego. STUDY POPULATION: 75 eyes from 45 normal participants. OBSERVATION PROCEDURE: Patients were seen at an average of 5...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669779/combined-hamartoma-of-the-retina-and-retinal-pigment-epithelium-an-optical-coherence-tomography-based-reappraisal
#15
Rohan Chawla, Vinod Kumar, Koushik Tripathy, Atul Kumar, Pradeep Venkatesh, Farin Rajmohmad Shaikh, Rajpal Vohra, Kabiruddin Molla, Saurabh Verma
PURPOSE: To analyze the optical coherence tomography (OCT) characteristics of combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHRRPE) involving the macula. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS: Setting: Single institutional. STUDY POPULATION: Fourteen consecutive patients of CHRRPE were included. OBSERVATION PROCEDURES: The authors analyzed the clinical features, color fundus photography, and swept source or spectral domain OCT of all the involved eyes...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669778/conjunctival-goblet-cell-density-following-cataract-surgery-with-diclofenac-versus-diclofenac-and-rebamipide-a-randomized-trial
#16
Kumiko Kato, Kensaku Miyake, Nagako Kondo, Sayaka Asano, Junko Takeda, Akiko Takahashi, Yuko Takashima, Mineo Kondo
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of topical diclofenac or betamethasone with concomitant application of topical rebamipide on the conjunctival goblet cell density in eyes after cataract surgery. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty patients who were scheduled for cataract surgery. METHODS: Patients were randomized into four groups according to the postoperative topical drugs to be given; Group A, diclofenac alone; Group B, diclofenac and rebamipide; Group C, betamethasone alone; and Group D, betamethasone and rebamipide...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669777/impaired-autoregulation-of-blood-flow-at-the-optic-nerve-head-during-vitrectomy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Ryuya Hashimoto, Tetsuya Sugiyama, Hidetaka Masahara, Masashi Sakamoto, Makoto Ubuka, Takatoshi Maeno
PURPOSE: To determine whether type 2 diabetes (T2DM) influences autoregulation of optic nerve head (ONH) blood flow during vitrectomy. DESIGN: Cohort study METHODS: Thirteen eyes of 13 subjects with T2DM and 30 eyes of 30 controls without T2DM undergoing vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane or macular hole were included. Following 25-gauge vitrectomy, we measured the mean blur rate (MBR), an index of ONH blood flow, in the vascular area (vascular MBR) and in the tissue area (tissue MBR) using laser speckle flowgraphy...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669776/association-of-vascular-vs-avascular-subretinal-hyperreflective-material-with-aflibercept-response-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#18
Yu Kawashima, Masayuki Hata, Akio Oishi, Sotaro Ooto, Kenji Yamashiro, Hiroshi Tamura, Manabu Miyata, Akihito Uji, Naoko Ueda-Arakawa, Akitaka Tsujikawa
PURPOSE: To investigate flow signal within subretinal hyperreflective material (SHRM) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and its association with aflibercept treatment responses in treatment-naïve neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). DESIGN: Prospective consecutive interventional case series METHODS: Forty-four eyes of 44 patients with treatment-naive nAMD manifesting SHRM on OCT were studied. All patients underwent OCTA and received three monthly aflibercept injections...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669392/strabismus-measurements-in-adults-before-and-after-pupil-dilation
#19
LETTER
Christopher T Leffler, John Q Le
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666731/the-auckland-cataract-study-ii-reducing-complications-by-preoperative-risk-stratification-and-case-allocation-in-a-teaching-hospital
#20
Bia Z Kim, Dipika V Patel, James McKelvie, Trevor Sherwin, Charles Nj McGhee
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of preoperative risk stratification for phacoemulsification surgery on intraoperative complications in a teaching hospital. Design; Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Prospective assessment of consecutive phacoemulsification cases (N=500) enabled calculation of a risk score (M-score of 0-8) using a risk stratification system (Muhtaseb et al). M-scores of >3 were allocated to senior surgeons. All surgeries were performed in a public teaching hospital setting, Auckland, New Zealand, in early 2016...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
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