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American Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458038/diagnosing-distensible-venous-malformations-of-the-orbit-with-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#1
Evan Kalin-Hajdu, John B Colby, Oluwatobi Idowu, F Lawson Grumbine, Jessica M Kang, Kristin S Hirabayashi, Christine M Glastonbury, M Reza Vagefi, Robert C Kersten
PURPOSE: To compare the diffusion-weighted imaging characteristics of non-thrombosed distensible venous malformations of the orbit with that of other histologically-proven orbital tumors. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. METHODS: Patients with non-thrombosed distensible venous malformations of the orbit and patients with other histologically-proven orbital tumors were selected for chart review. The main outcome measure was the apparent diffusion coefficient of these lesions...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458037/distinguishing-keratoconic-eyes-and-healthy-eyes-using-ultrahigh-resolution-uhr-oct-based-corneal-epithelium-thickness-mapping
#2
Niklas Pircher, Florian Schwarzhans, Stephan Holzer, Jan Lammer, Doreen Schmidl, Ahmed M Bata, Renè M Werkmeister, Gerald Seidel, Gerhard Garhöfer, Andreas Gschließer, Leopold Schmetterer, Gerald Schmidinger
PURPOSE: Discovering new predictive parameters in the diagnostics of Keratoconus (KC) has high priority. Aim of this trial was to find differences in epithelial thickness (ET) maps of eyes with KC and healthy eyes. DESIGN: Institutional cross-sectional study. METHODS: In this study 40 keratoconic eyes and 76 healthy eyes were scanned using a custom-built ultrahigh resolution OCT. Automated segmentation ET-maps with 17 subsectors were calculated (central, temporal inferior, temporal superior, nasal inferior and nasal superior area)...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454462/use-of-donors-predisposed-by-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-in-penetrating-keratoplasty-for-treating-patients-with-keratoconus
#3
LETTER
Ting Huang, Ruifen Ye, Chen Ouyang, Chao Hou, Yunwei Hu, Qianni Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452693/performance-and-safety-of-a-new-ab-interno-gelatin-stent-in-refractory-glaucoma-at-12-months
#4
LETTER
Jeffrey W Kalenak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449004/longitudinal-change-in-central-corneal-thickness-in-the-tema-eye-survey
#5
LETTER
Jean-Claude Mwanza, Samantha E Tulenko, Donald L Budenz, Elizabeth Mathenge, Leon H Herndon, Hanna Y Kim, Alyson Hall, Graham Hay-Smith, Alexander Spratt, Keith Barton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447915/comparing-treatment-of-acute-retinal-necrosis-with-either-oral-valaciclovir-or-intravenous-aciclovir
#6
Julijana Baltinas, Sue Lightman, Oren Tomkins-Netzer
PURPOSE: To compare the visual outcomes of patients with acute retinal necrosis (ARN) treated initially with intravenous aciclovir versus oral valaciclovir therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, interventional case series. METHODS: 62 patients (68 eyes) with ARN, treated at Moorfields Eye Hospital (United Kingdom) between 1992 and 2016, were identified through the hospital's electronic database. Exclusion criteria included insufficient patient records or follow-up (<150 days)...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447914/progression-of-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-patients
#7
Huiyuan Hou, Takuhei Shoji, Linda M Zangwill, Sasan Moghimi, Luke J Saunders, Kyle Hasenstab, Elham Ghahari, Patricia Isabel C Manalastas, Tadamichi Akagi, Mark Christopher, Rafaella C Penteado, Robert N Weinreb
PURPOSE: To compare the rates of visual field (VF) loss and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thinning in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: A total of 197 eyes (55 eyes of 32 POAG patients with DM in POAG/DM group and 142 eyes of 111 age-matched POAG patients without DM in POAG/DM- group) were included from the Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study (DIGS)...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438654/the-significance-of-repeat-cultures-in-the-treatment-of-severe-fungal-keratitis
#8
Kathryn J Ray, N Venkatesh Prajna, Prajna Lalitha, Revathi Rajaraman, Tiruvengada Krishnan, Sushila Patel, Manoranjan Das, Ranjeet Shah, Kavita Dhakhwa, Stephen D McLeod, Michael E Zegans, Nisha R Acharya, Thomas M Lietman, Jennifer Rose-Nussbaumer
PURPOSE: To identify fungal keratitis patients who are at risk of a poor outcome and may benefit from closer follow-up or more aggressive treatment. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of randomized clinical trial data. SUBJECTS: Patients presenting with a smear-positive filamentous fungal ulcer, visual acuity of 20/400 or worse, and who subsequently had a 6-day fungal culture performed at the Aravind Eye Care system (India), Lumbini Eye Hospital (Nepal), or Bharatpur Eye Hospital (Nepal)...
February 10, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433743/use-of-donors-predisposed-by-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-in-penetrating-keratoplasty-for-treating-patients-with-keratoconus
#9
LETTER
Sally Hayes, Keith M Meek, Achyut Mukherjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433742/is-corneal-arcus-independently-associated-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-asians
#10
LETTER
Masoumeh B Masoumpour, Peyman Jafari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428456/precise-measurement-of-retinal-vascular-bed-area-and-density-on-ultra-wide-fluorescein-angiography-in-normal-subjects
#11
Wenying Fan, Akihito Uji, Enrico Borrelli, Michael Singer, Min Sagong, Jano van Hemert, Srinivas R Sadda
PURPOSE: To characterize and quantify the total retinal vascular bed area (RVBA) and vascular density (VD) in normal eyes using stereographically-corrected ultra-wide (UWF) fluorescein angiography (FA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study METHODS: Fifty-nine eyes of 31 normal subjects with no evidence of ocular disease underwent FA using the Optos 200Tx. Central and peripheral-steered FA images were montaged and stereographically projected. The early phase FA was used to extract the retinal vasculature as a binary mask...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428455/ophthalmic-findings-of-rosai-dorfman-disease
#12
Michael B Choi, Diva R Salomão, Wendy M Smith, Jose S Pulido, James A Garrity
PURPOSE: To describe the ophthalmic, pathologic, and BRAF V600E mutation status of Rosai-Dorfman Disease (RDD). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases of RDD seen at Mayo Clinic from 1992 to 2016 identified patients with ophthalmic manifestations (n=8). Immunostain for BRAF and molecular studies for BRAFV600E mutation were performed on cases with tissue available. RESULTS: Of 76 patients with RDD, 15 had eye exams and, of those, 8 had ophthalmic manifestations (5 females and 3 males)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428454/choroidal-microvasculature-dropout-is-associated-with-parafoveal-visual-field-defects-in-glaucoma
#13
Junki Kwon, Joong Won Shin, Jiyun Lee, Michael S Kook
PURPOSE: To determine whether the frequency of parafoveal visual field (VF) damage differs according to the presence of choroidal microvasculature dropout (CMvD) in open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and to assess correlations between the angular circumference of CMvD and the severity of VF defects. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. METHODS: This study enrolled 88 eyes of 88 consecutive OAG patients (44 with CMvD and 44 without CMvD matched for age [≤ 5 years], axial length [≤ 1 mm], and the severity of VF loss [≤ 1 dB])...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428717/visual-outcomes-following-bilateral-lmplantation-of-two-diffractive-trifocal-intraocular-lenses-in-10-084-eyes-are-big-data-always-better
#14
LETTER
Fiona S Lau, Anastasia P Behan-Willett, James W P Smyth, Sascha K R Spencer, Brendon W H Lee, Ashish Agar, Ian C Francis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428716/what-s-in-a-word
#15
EDITORIAL
Michael W Stewart, Sarah L Duncan Powers, Steven J Fliesler, Richard K Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427570/long-term-outcome-of-pars-plana-vitrectomy-and-sutured-scleral-fixated-posterior-chamber-intraocular-lens-implantation-or-repositioning
#16
Gregg T Kokame, Ryan T Yanagihara, Jessica G Shantha, Kyle N Kaneko
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term stability of sutured scleral-fixated posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC IOL) performed in combination with pars plana vitrectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series METHODS: Retrospective single-surgeon study of 118 eyes of 111 patients seen at Retina Consultants of Hawaii, who underwent sutured scleral fixation of at least one haptic of a posterior chamber intraocular lens with 10-0 polypropylene combined with a pars plana vitrectomy...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425799/vancomycin-associated-hemorrhagic-occlusive-retinal-vasculitis-a-clinical-pathophysiological-analysis
#17
Bozho Todorich, Lisa J Faia, Aristomenis Thanos, Mitual Amin, Robert Folberg, Jeremy D Wolfe, Krista M Todorich, Efthemios Raphtis, Alan J Ruby, George A Williams, Tarek S Hassan
PURPOSE: To derive novel insights into the pathophysiology of vancomycin-related hemorrhagic occlusive retinal vasculopathy (HORV) through a careful clinicopathologic correlation. METHODS: and study design: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and pathologic course of two consecutive patients who developed HORV. The clinical history, multimodal imaging, ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM), intraoperative and histological findings are reported. RESULTS: Both patients presented with decreased vision and eye pain within 1 week following otherwise uncomplicated cataract extraction and were diagnosed with HORV after endophthalmitis was ruled out...
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422407/is-corneal-arcus-independently-associated-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-asians
#18
LETTER
Mark Yu Zheng Wong, Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Preeti Gupta, Sing Hui Lim, Blanche Lim, Yih-Chung Tham, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng, Ecosse Luc Lamoureux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422406/longitudinal-change-in-central-corneal-thickness-in-the-tema-eye-survey
#19
LETTER
Miguel A Teus, Esther Arranz-Marquez, Juan Gros-Otero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421295/association-between-optic-nerve-head-deformation-and-retinal-microvasculature-in-high-myopia
#20
Mi Sun Sung, Tae Hee Lee, Hwan Heo, Sang Woo Park
PURPOSE: To evaluate the retinal microvasculature of peripapillary and macular regions in highly myopic eyes and investigate the association between the vascular parameters and optic nerve head (ONH) deformation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study METHODS: Seventy-one subjects with highly myopic eyes and 26 subjects with emmetropic eyes were included. Horizontal B-scan images of the ONH were obtained using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and horizontal tilt angles were measured...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
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