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American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414394/two-stage-screening-for-preterm-preeclampsia-at-11-13-weeks-gestation
#1
Alan Wright, David Wright, Argyro Syngelaki, Apostolos Georgantis, Kypros H Nicolaides
BACKGROUND: Screening for preeclampsia (PE) at 11-13 weeks' gestation by a combination of maternal factors, mean arterial pressure (MAP), uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI) and serum placental growth factor (PlGF) (triple test) can predict about 90% of PE, with delivery at <32 weeks (early-PE), and 75% of PE with delivery at <37 weeks (preterm-PE), at a screen positive rate (SPR) of 10%. In pregnancies identified as being at high-risk for PE by such screening, administration of aspirin (150 mg/day from 11-14 weeks' gestation to 36 weeks) reduces the rate of early-PE by about 90% and preterm-PE by about 60%...
November 7, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403975/childbirth-specific-patient-reported-outcomes-as-predictors-of-hospital-satisfaction
#2
Kimberly D Gregory, Lisa M Korst, Samia Saeb, Jeanette McCulloch, Naomi Greene, Arlene Fink, Moshe Fridman
BACKGROUND: Under value-based payment programs, patient-reported experiences and outcomes (PROs) can impact hospital and physician revenue. To enable obstetrical providers to improve the childbirth experience, a framework for understanding what women expect and desire during childbirth is needed. OBJECTIVE: To identify key predictors of childbirth hospital satisfaction using the Childbirth Experiences Survey (CBEX). STUDY DESIGN: This study builds on a larger effort that used Patient-Reported Outcomes Management Information System (PROMIS®) methodology to develop a childbirth-specific preliminary PRO item bank...
November 4, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403974/a-case-for-not-adjusting-birth-weight-customized-standards-for-ethnicity-observations-from-a-unique-australian-cohort
#3
Roger Smith, Lita Mohapatra, Mandy Hunter, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Christopher Oldmeadow, Elizabeth Holliday, Alexis Hure, John Attia
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight is more common in infants of Indigenous (Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander) than of Caucasian Australian mothers. Controversy exists on whether fetal growth is normally different in different populations. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the relationships of birth weight, birth weight centiles and smoking with perinatal outcomes in Indigenous versus non-Indigenous infants to determine if Caucasian growth charts could be applied to Indigenous infants...
November 4, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391444/long-term-risks-of-stress-and-urgency-urinary-incontinence-after-different-vaginal-delivery-modes
#4
Riikka M Tähtinen, Rufus Cartwright, Robin W M Vernooij, Guri Rortveit, Steinar Hunskaar, Gordon H Guyatt, Kari A O Tikkinen
BACKGROUND: Although operative delivery increases the risk of immediate pelvic floor trauma, no previous studies have adequately compared directly the effects of different kinds of instrumental vaginal deliveries on stress urinary incontinence and/or urgency urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVE(S): To estimate and compare the impact of different kinds of vaginal deliveries, including spontaneous, vacuum and forceps, on stress and urgency urinary incontinence. STUDY DESIGN: All women aged 20 or older, living in one county in Norway, were invited to participate in two surveys addressing stress and urgency urinary incontinence using validated questions "Do you leak urine when you cough, sneeze, laugh, or lift something heavy?" and "Do you have involuntary loss of urine in connection with sudden and strong urge to void?" with response options "yes" or "no"...
October 31, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391443/a-simple-model-to-predict-the-complicated-operative-vaginal-deliveries-using-vacuum-or-forceps
#5
José Antonio Sainz, José Antonio García-Mejido, Adriana Aquise, Carlota Borrero, María José Bonomi, Ana Fernández-Palacín
BACKGROUND: Complicated operative vaginal deliveries are associated with high neonatal morbidity and maternal trauma, especially if the procedure is unsuccessful and a cesarean delivery is needed. The decision to perform an operative vaginal delivery has traditionally been based on a subjective assessment by digital vaginal examination combined with the clinical expertise of the obstetrician. Currently, there is no method for objectively quantifying the likelihood of successful delivery...
October 31, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367830/cervical-cerclage-for-women-with-shortening-cervix-while-on-progesterone
#6
LETTER
George Makrydimas, Zoi Barmpalia, Alexandros Sotiriadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30365922/effect-of-gabapentin-on-sexual-function-in-vulvodynia-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#7
Gloria A Bachmann, Candace S Brown, Nancy A Phillips, Leslie A Rawlinson, Xinhua Yu, Ronald Wood, David C Foster
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is common in women with vulvodynia. OBJECTIVE: 1. To evaluate whether extended-release gabapentin is more effective than placebo in improving sexual function in women with provoked vulvodynia, and if there is a relationship between treatment outcome and pelvic pain muscle severity evaluated by palpation with standardized applied pressure. 2. To evaluate whether sexual function in women with PVD would approach that of controls who report no vulvar pain either before or after treatment...
October 23, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342002/reply-to-letter-l18-115ar1
#8
LETTER
Christopher A Enakpene, Laura DiGiovanni, Micaela Della Torre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321529/diversity-of-vaginal-microbiota-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-its-effects-on-hiv-transmission-and-prevention
#9
Lois Bayigga, David P Kateete, Deborah J Anderson, Musa Sekikubo, Damalie Nakanjako
The vaginal microbial community ("microbiota") is a key component of the reproductive health of women, providing protection against urogenital infections. In Sub-Saharan Africa, there is a high prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV), a condition defined by bacterial overgrowth and a shift away from a lactobacillus-dominated profile towards increased percentages of strict anaerobic species. BV is associated with an increased risk of HIV acquisition and transmission, as well as an increased risk of acquiring other sexually transmitted infections , pre-term births and pelvic inflammatory disease...
October 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321528/savings-with-expanding-use-of-the-levonorgestrel-iud-and-fewer-benign-hysterectomies
#10
LETTER
Daniel M Morgan, Neil S Kamdar, Vanessa K Dalton, Carolyn W Swenson, Michelle H Moniz, Brahmajee Nallamothu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321527/risk-of-severe-maternal-morbidity-by-maternal-fertility-status-a-us-study-in-eight-states
#11
Barbara Luke, Morton B Brown, Ethan Wantman, Valerie L Baker, Kevin J Doody, David B Seifer, Logan G Spector
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades the characteristics of women giving birth in the United States and the nature of the births themselves have changed dramatically, with increases in older maternal age, plural births, cesarean deliveries, and conception from infertility treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of severe maternal morbidity by maternal fertility status, and for IVF pregnancies, by oocyte source and embryo state combinations. STUDY DESIGN: Women in eight States who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles resulting in a live birth during 2004-13 were linked to their infant's birth certificates; a 10:1 sample of births from non-IVF deliveries were selected for comparison; those with an indication of infertility treatment on the birth certificate were categorized as subfertile, all others were categorized as fertile...
October 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321526/menopausal-symptoms-and-surgical-complications-after-opportunistic-bilateral-salpingectomy-a-register-based-cohort-study
#12
Elin Collins, Annika Strandell, Gabriel Granåsen, Annika Idahl
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the fallopian tubes have been found to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer. Therefore, bilateral salpingectomy at the time of hysterectomy has been proposed as a preventive procedure, but with scarce scientific evidence to support the efficiency and safety. OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to evaluate the risk of surgical complications and menopausal symptoms performing bilateral salpingectomy in addition to benign hysterectomy...
October 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321525/contraction-of-the-levator-ani-muscle-during-valsalva-maneuver-co-activation-is-associated-with-a-longer-active-second-stage-of-labor-in-nulliparous-women-undergoing-induction-of-labor
#13
Rasha Kamel, Elisa Montaguti, Kypros H Nicolaides, Mahmoud Soliman, Maria Gaia Dodaro, Sherif Negm, Gianluigi Pilu, Mohamed Momtaz, Aly Youssef
BACKGROUND: The Valsalva maneuver is normally accompanied by relaxation of the levator ani muscle, which stretches around the presenting part, but in some women the maneuver is accompanied by levator ani muscle contraction, which is referred to as levator ani muscle co-activation. The effect of such co-activation on labor outcome in women undergoing induction of labor has not been previously assessed. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of levator ani muscle co-activation on labor outcome, in particular on the duration of the second and active second stage of labor, in nulliparous women undergoing induction of labor...
October 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315790/robson-classification-system-applied-to-the-brazilian-reality
#14
LETTER
Daniela Ferreira D Agostini Marin, Betine Pinto Moehlecke Iser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315789/the-ten-group-classification-system-as-a-tool-for-changing-the-culture-around-cesarean-delivery
#15
LETTER
Mark P Hehir, Alexander M Friedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315788/esomeprazole-to-treat-women-with-preeclampsia-possible-implications-in-the-nitric-oxide-homeostasis
#16
LETTER
Valeria C Sandrim, Mayara Caldeira-Dias, Marcelo F Montenegro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315787/fetal-growth-and-risk-assessment-is-there-an-impasse-counterpoint
#17
EDITORIAL
Jason Gardosi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315786/opioid-prescribing-patterns-among-postpartum-women
#18
LETTER
Nevert Badreldin, William A Grobman, Katherine T Chang, Lynn M Yee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315785/opioid-prescribing-patterns-among-postpartum-women
#19
LETTER
Yao Zhang, Alyssia Venna, Jie Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315784/fetal-growth-and-risk-assessment-is-there-an-impasse-point
#20
EDITORIAL
Wessel Ganzevoort, Baskaran Thilaganathan, Ahmet Baschat, Sanne Gordijn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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