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American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784419/ovarian-conservation-versus-removal-at-the-time-of-benign-hysterectomy
#1
REVIEW
Marisa R Adelman, Howard T Sharp
Over the last two decades, the rate of oophorectomy at the time of hysterectomy in the U.S. has consistently been between 40 and 50%. A decline in hormone use has been observed since the release of the principle results of the Women's Health Initiative. Oophorectomy appears to be associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease, as well as deleterious effects on overall mortality, cognitive functioning, and sexual functioning. Estrogen deficiency from surgical menopause is associated with bone mineral density loss and increased fracture risk...
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784418/influence-of-paternal-age-on-perinatal-outcomes
#2
Emily G Hurley, Emily A DeFranco
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing trend to delay childbearing to advanced parental age. Increased risks of advanced maternal age and assisted reproductive technologies are widely accepted. There are limited data regarding advanced paternal age. To adequately counsel patients on risk, more research regarding advanced paternal age is necessary. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the influence of paternal age on perinatal outcomes, and to assess whether this influence differs between pregnancies achieved spontaneously and those achieved with assisted reproductive technology...
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784417/aspre-trial-effect-of-aspirin-in-prevention-of-preterm-preeclampsia-in-subgroups-of-women-according-to-their-characteristics-and-medical-and-obstetrical-history
#3
Liona C Poon, David Wright, Daniel L Rolnik, Argyro Syngelaki, Juan Luis Delgado, Theodora Tsokaki, Gergo Leipold, Ranjit Akolekar, Siobhan Shearing, Luciana De Stefani, Jacques C Jani, Walter Plasencia, Nikolaos Evangelinakis, Otilia Gonzalez-Vanegas, Nicola Persico, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine whether there are differences in the effect of aspirin on the incidence of preterm preeclampsia in the ASPRE trial in subgroups defined according to maternal characteristics and medical and obstetrical history. STUDY DESIGN: This was a secondary analysis of data from the ASPRE trial. In ASPRE, women with singleton pregnancies were screened by means of an algorithm that combines maternal factors and biomarkers at 11-13 weeks' gestation...
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784416/social-determinants-of-access-to-minimally-invasive-hysterectomy-re-evaluating-the-relationship-between-race-and-route-of-hysterectomy-for-benign-disease
#4
Joan T Price, Lilli D Zimmerman, Nathan C Koelper, Mary D Sammel, Sonya Lee, Samantha F Butts
BACKGROUND: Racial and socioeconomic disparities exist in access to medical and surgical care. Studies of national databases have demonstrated disparities in route of hysterectomy for benign indications, but have not been able to adjust for patient-level factors that affect surgical decision-making. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether access to minimally invasive hysterectomy for benign indications is differential according to race independent of the effects of relevant subject-level confounding factors...
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784415/showing-your-public-face-does-screening-social-media-assess-residency-applicants-professionalism
#5
LETTER
Marie E Sullivan, Gary N Frishman, Roxanne A Vrees
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782502/society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-smfm-consult-series-43-hepatitis-c-in-pregnancy-screening-treatment-and-management
#6
Brenna L Hughes, Charlotte M Page, Jeffrey A Kuller
In the United States, 1-2.5% of pregnant women are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), which carries an approximately 5% risk of transmission from mother to infant. HCV can be transmitted to the infant in utero or during the peripartum period, and infection during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of adverse fetal outcomes, including fetal growth restriction and low birth weight. The purpose of this document is to discuss the current evidence regarding HCV in pregnancy and to provide recommendations on screening, treatment, and management of this disease during pregnancy...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778741/abdominal-wall-endometriosis
#7
Cristina Morales Martinez, Sonia Tejuca Somoano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764900/mitochondrial-replacement-therapy-born-in-the-usa-the%C3%A2-untold-story-of-a-conceptual-breakthrough
#8
Eli Y Adashi, I Glenn Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757140/the-feasibility-safety-and-effectiveness-of-hysteroscopic-sterilization-compared-with-laparoscopic-sterilization
#9
Lina Antoun, Paul Smith, Janesh K Gupta, T Justin Clark
BACKGROUND: In contrast to conventional laparoscopic sterilization, newer hysteroscopic approaches avoid the need for hospital admission, general anesthesia, and prolonged recovery. However, there are concerns that the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of hysteroscopic sterilization may be lower than established laparoscopic sterilization. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the outcomes of hysteroscopic sterilization compared with laparoscopic sterilization in routine clinical practice in a comparative observational cohort study...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754438/cost-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-heavy-menstrual%C3%A2-bleeding
#10
Jennifer C Spencer, Michelle Louie, Janelle K Moulder, Victoria Ellis, Lauren D Schiff, Tarek Toubia, Matthew T Siedhoff, Stephanie B Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Heavy menstrual bleeding affects up to one third of women in the United States, resulting in a reduced quality of life and significant cost to the health care system. Multiple treatment options exist, offering different potential for symptom control at highly variable initial costs, but the relative value of these treatment options is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the relative cost-effectiveness of 4 treatment options for heavy menstrual bleeding: hysterectomy, resectoscopic endometrial ablation, nonresectoscopic endometrial ablation, and the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743446/measuring-the-impact-of-attending-physician-teaching-in-an-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residency-program
#11
Anthony M Vintzileos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743445/recap-minimally-invasive-treatment-for-cesarean-scar-pregnancy-using-a-double-balloon-catheter-additional-suggestions-to-the-technique
#12
LETTER
Ilan E Timor-Tritsch, Ana Monteagudo, Andrea Kaelin Agten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743444/the-value-of-the-cerebroplacental-ratio-in-appropriate-for-gestational-age-fetuses
#13
LETTER
Isabelle Dehaene, Ann-Sophie Page, Geert Page
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743443/a-vicious-cycle-of-causes-and-consequences-of-dyspareunia-rethinking-the-approach-to-management
#14
LETTER
Jason Gandhi, Sardar Ali Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743442/reply
#15
LETTER
Asma Khalil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743441/quality-of-life-of-menopausal-women-with-genital-urinary-menopause-syndrome
#16
LETTER
Ângelo do Carmo Silva Matthes, Gustavo Zucca Matthes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743440/the-use-of-intrapartum-ultrasound-to-diagnose-malpositions-and-cephalic-malpresentations
#17
REVIEW
Federica Bellussi, Tullio Ghi, Aly Youssef, Ginevra Salsi, Francesca Giorgetta, Dila Parma, Giuliana Simonazzi, Gianluigi Pilu
Fetal malpositions and cephalic malpresentations are a well recognized cause of failure to progress in labor. They frequently require operative delivery, and are associated with an increased probability of fetal and maternal complications. Traditional obstetrics emphasizes the role of digital examinations, but recent studies have demonstrated that this approach is inaccurate and that intrapartum ultrasound is far more precise. The objective of this review is to summarize the current body of literature and provide recommendations to identify malpositions and cephalic malpresentations with ultrasound...
July 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738177/may-2017-vol-216-no-5-page-522
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735706/amniotic-fluid-transcriptomics-reflects-novel-disease-mechanisms-in-fetuses-with-myelomeningocele
#19
Tomo Tarui, Aimee Kim, Alan Flake, Lauren McClain, John Stratigis, Inbar Fried, Rebecca Newman, Donna K Slonim, Diana W Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Cell-free RNA in amniotic fluid supernatant reflects developmental changes in gene expression in the living fetus, which includes genes that are specific to the central nervous system. Although it has been previously shown that central nervous system-specific transcripts are present in amniotic fluid supernatant, it is not known whether changes in the amniotic fluid supernatant transcriptome reflect the specific pathophysiologic condition of fetal central nervous system disorders...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735705/impact-of-preimplantation-genetic-screening-on-donor-oocyte-recipient-cycles-in-the-united-states
#20
David H Barad, Sarah K Darmon, Vitaly A Kushnir, David F Albertini, Norbert Gleicher
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to estimate the contribution of preimplantation genetic screening to in vitro fertilization pregnancy outcomes in donor oocyte-recipient cycles. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of US national data from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System between 2005 and 2013. Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting relies on voluntarily annual reports by more than 90% of US in vitro fertilization centers...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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