journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433735/outpatient-endometrial-aspiration-an-alternative-to-methotrexate-for-pregnancy-of-unknown-location
#1
Iris G Insogna, Leslie V Farland, Stacey A Missmer, Elizabeth S Ginsburg, Paula C Brady
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of an endometrial sampling protocol for the diagnosis of pregnancies of unknown location following in vitro fertilization. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of 14,505 autologous fresh and frozen in vitro fertilization cycles from 10/2007 to 9/2015 was performed; 110 patients were diagnosed with pregnancy of unknown location, defined as a positive human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) without ultrasound evidence of intrauterine or ectopic pregnancy, and an abnormal hCG trend (<53% rise or <15% fall in two days)...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433734/prospective-association-of-fetal-liver-blood-flow-at-30-weeks-gestation-with-newborn-adiposity
#2
Satoru Ikenoue, Feizal Waffarn, Masanao Ohashi, Kaeko Sumiyoshi, Chigusa Ikenoue, Claudia Buss, Daniel L Gillen, Hyagriv N Simhan, Sonja Entringer, Pathik D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: The production of variation in adipose tissue accretion represents a key fetal adaptation to energy substrate availability during gestation. Because umbilical venous blood transports nutrient substrate from the maternal to the fetal compartment, and the fetal liver is the primary organ where nutrient inter-conversion occurs, it has been proposed that variations in the relative distribution of umbilical venous blood flow shunting either through ductus venosus or perfusing the fetal liver represents a mechanism underlying this adaptation...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433733/factors-influencing-repeated-teenage-pregnancy-a-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Joemer C Maravilla, Kim S Betts, Camila Couto E Cruz, Rosa Alati
OBJECTIVE: Existing evidence of predictors of repeated teenage pregnancy (RTP) has not been rigorously assessed. This systematic review provides a comprehensive evaluation of protective and risk factors associated with RTP through a meta-analytical consensus. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, EMBASE, CINAHL, ProQuest, PsychINFO, ScienceDirect, Scopus and Web of Science databases, from 1997 to 2015; and reference list of other relevant research papers and related reviews. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Eligibility criteria included 1) epidemiological studies which analysed factors associated with repeated pregnancy or birth among adolescents under 20 years of age who were nulliparous or experienced at least one pregnancy; 2) experimental studies with an observational component adjusted for the intervention...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433732/the-clinical-significance-of-an-estimated-fetal-weight-below-the-10th-centile-a-comparison-of-outcomes-between-5th-versus-5th-9th-centile
#4
Malgorzata Mlynarczyk, Suneet P Chauhan, Hind A Baydoun, Catherine M Wilkes, Kimberly R Earhart, Yili Zhao, Christopher Goodier, Eugene Chang, Nicole M Lee Plenty, E Kaitlyn Mize, Michelle Owens, Shilpa Babbar, Dev Maulik, Emily DeFranco, David McKinney, Alfred Z Abuhamad
BACKGROUND: The association between small for gestational age (SGA; birth weight < 10(th) centile for gestational age) and neonatal morbidity is well established. Yet there is a paucity of data on the relationship between suspected SGA (sonographic estimated fetal weight <10(th) centile), at two thresholds and subsequent neonatal morbidity. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between sonographic estimated fetal weight (SEFW) < 5(th) centile versus 5-9(th) centile and neonatal morbidity...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431952/evaluation-of-patient-preparedness-for-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Kristie A Greene, Allison M Wyman, Lauren A Scott, Stuart Hart, Lennox Hoyte, Renee Bassaly
BACKGROUND: Patient preparedness for pelvic reconstructive surgery has important implications for patient satisfaction and perception of improvement after surgery. The ideal method in which to optimally prepare patients for surgery has not been determined. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a preoperative patient education video on patient preparedness prior to sacrocolpopexy as measured by a preoperative preparedness questionnaire (PPQ). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a single-blind, randomized stratified clinical trial at a single academic center evaluating the use of a preoperative patient education video as an adjunct to preoperative counseling on patient preparedness...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427805/confounding-causality-and-confusion-the-role-of-intermediate-variables-in-interpreting-observational-studies-in-obstetrics
#6
Cande V Ananth, Enrique F Schisterman
Both prospective and retrospective cohort, and case-control studies are some of the most important study designs in epidemiology because, under certain assumptions, they can mimic a randomized trial when done well. These assumptions include but not limited to properly accounting for two important sources of bias: confounding and selection bias. While not adjusting the causal association for an intermediate variable will yield an unbiased estimate of the exposure-outcome's total causal effect, it is often that obstetricians will want to adjust for an intermediate variable to assess if the intermediate is the underlying driver of the association...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412087/pregestational-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-induces-cardiac-hypertrophy-in-the-murine-embryo-through-cardiac-remodeling-and-fibrosis
#7
Xue Lin, Penghua Yang, E Albert Reece, Peixin Yang
BACKGROUND: Cardiac hypertrophy is highly prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Experimental evidence has implied that pregnant women with T2DM and their children are at an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Our previous mouse model study has revealed that maternal T2DM induces structural heart defects in their offspring. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to determine whether maternal T2DM induces embryonic heart hypertrophy in a murine model of diabetic embryopathy...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412086/tocolysis-after-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-and-neonatal-outcome-a-propensity-score-analysis
#8
Elsa Lorthe, François Goffinet, Stéphane Marret, Christophe Vayssiere, Cyril Flamant, Mathilde Quere, Valérie Benhammou, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Gilles Kayem
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting results regarding tocolysis in cases of preterm premature rupture of membranes. Delaying delivery may reduce neonatal morbidity due to prematurity, allow for prenatal corticosteroids and, if necessary, in utero transfer. However, that may increase risks of maternofetal infection and its adverse consequences. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether tocolytic therapy in cases of preterm premature rupture of membranes is associated with improved neonatal or obstetric outcomes...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412085/in-vivo-evidence-of-significant-levator-ani-muscle-stretch-on-mr-images-of-a-live-childbirth
#9
Nikhil Sindhwani, Christian Bamberg, Nele Famaey, Geertje Callewaert, Joachim W Dudenhausen, Ulf Teichgräber, Jan Deprest
OBJECTIVE: Vaginal childbirth is believed to be a significant risk factor for the development of pelvic floor dysfunction later in life. Previous studies have explored the use of medical imaging and simulations of childbirth to determine the stretch in the levator ani muscle. Bamberg et al, 2012, have recorded MR images of a live childbirth of a 24 year old woman giving birth vaginally for the second time, using a 1.0 Tesla open high-field scanner. Our objective was to determine the stretch ratios in the levator muscle using these MR images of live childbirth...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412084/smfm-special-report-coding-update-of-the-smfm-definition-of-low-risk-for-cesarean-delivery-from-icd-9-cm-to-icd-10-cm
#10
J C Armstrong, P McDermott, G R Saade, S K Srinivas
In 2015, the Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine (SMFM) developed a low risk for cesarean delivery definition based on administrative claims-based diagnosis codes described by the International Classification of Disease, Clinical Modification, 9(th) revision. The SMFM definition is a clinical enrichment of two available measures from the Joint Commission (JC) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) measures. The SMFM measure excludes diagnosis codes that represent clinically relevant risk factors that are absolute or relative contraindications to vaginal birth while retaining diagnosis codes such as labor disorders that are discretionary risk factors for cesarean delivery...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411146/reply
#11
LETTER
Steven Clark, Roberto Romero, Michael Belfort, Gary Dildy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411145/current-and-future-role-of-genetic-screening-in-gynecologic-malignancies
#12
REVIEW
Kari L Ring, Christine Garcia, Martha H Thomas, Susan C Modesitt
The world of hereditary cancers has seen an exponential growth in recent years. While Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer and Lynch syndrome account for the majority of mutations encountered by gynecologists, newly identified deleterious genetic mutations continue to be unearthed with their associated risks of malignancies. However, these advances in genetic cancer predispositions then force practitioners and their patients to confront the uncertainties of these less commonly identified mutations and the fact that there is limited evidence to guide them in expected cancer risk and appropriate risk reduction strategies...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411144/management-of-sexuality-intimacy-and-menopause-symptoms-sims-in-ovarian-cancer-patients-expert-review
#13
REVIEW
Margaret Whicker, Jonathan Black, Gary Altwerger, Gulden Menderes, Jacqueline Feinberg, Elena Ratner
Issues of sexuality, intimacy, and early menopause significantly impact the quality of life of patients following the diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer. These are undertreated problems. Successful treatment requires the provider's awareness of the problem, ability to identify it, and willingness to treat it. Unfortunately many providers do not address these issues in the pre-treatment or perioperative period. Furthermore, patients do not often alert their providers to their symptoms. While systemic hormone therapy may improve many of the issues, they are not appropriate for all patients given their action on estrogen receptors...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411143/letter-to-the-editor-about-proposed-diagnostic-criteria-for-the-case-definition-of-amniotic-fluid-embolism-in-research-studies-ajog-october-2016-408-412
#14
LETTER
Offer Erez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400311/pregnancy-birth-and-infant-outcomes-by-maternal-fertility-status-the-massachusetts-outcomes-study-of-assisted-reproductive-technology
#15
Barbara Luke, Daksha Gopal, Howard Cabral, Judy E Stern, Hafsatou Diop
BACKGROUND: Births to subfertile women, with and without infertility treatment, have been reported to have lower birthweights and shorter gestations, even when limited to singletons. It is unknown whether these decrements are due to parental characteristics or aspects of infertility treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of maternal fertility status on the risk of pregnancy, birth, and infant complications. STUDY DESIGN: All singleton live births of ≥22 weeks' gestation and ≥350 g birthweight to Massachusetts resident women in 2004-2010 were linked to hospital discharge and vital records...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400310/reply
#16
LETTER
Brett D Einerson, Moeun Son, Emily S Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400309/marijuana-and-pregnancy-objective-education-is-good-but-biased-education-is-not
#17
LETTER
Ciara A Torres, Carl L Hart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400308/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-a-regional-cross-sectional-study
#18
Jessica L Chan, Sujata Kar, Eszter Vanky, Laure Morin-Papunen, Terhi Piltonen, Johanna Puurunen, Juha S Tapaniennen, Gustavo Arantes Rosa Maciel, Sylvia Asaka Yamashita Hayashida, Jose Maria Saores, Edmund Chada Baracat, Jan Roar Mellembakkam, Anuja Dokras
BACKGROUND: - PCOS is a heterogeneous disorder and its presentation varies with race and ethnicity. Reproductive age women with PCOS are at increased risk of metabolic syndrome however, it is not clear if prevalence of metabolic syndrome and clustering of its components differs based on race and ethnicity. Moreover, the majority of these women do not undergo routine screening for metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and clustering of its components in women with PCOS in the United States with women in India, Brazil, Finland, and Norway...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400307/reply
#19
LETTER
Ira J Chasnoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400306/-can-3d-power-doppler-indices-improve-the-prenatal-diagnosis-of-a-potentially-morbidly-adherent-placenta-in-patients-with-placenta-previa
#20
Ziad A Haidar, Ramesha Papanna, Baha M Sibai, Nina Tatevian, Oscar A Viteri, Patricia C Vowels, Sean C Blackwell, Kenneth J Moise
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, 2D ultrasound parameters have been used for the diagnosis of a suspected morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) previa. More objective techniques have not been well studied yet. OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of prenatal 3D power Doppler analysis of flow and vascular indices to predict the morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) objectively. METHODS: Prospective cohort study was performed in women between 28-32 weeks with known placenta previa...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
journal
journal
20016
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"