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American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433550/evaluation-of-a-telephone-delivered-community-based-collaborative-care-management-program-for-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-dementia
#1
Shahrzad Mavandadi, Laura O Wray, Suzanne DiFilippo, Joel Streim, David Oslin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a community-based, telephone-delivered, brief patient/caregiver-centered collaborative dementia care management intervention is associated with improved caregiver and care recipient (CR) outcomes. DESIGN: Longitudinal program evaluation of a clinical intervention; assessments at baseline and 3- and 6-month follow-up. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers (N = 440) of older, community-dwelling, low-income CRs prescribed a psychotropic medication by a primary care provider who met criteria for dementia and were enrolled in the SUpporting Seniors Receiving Treatment And INtervention (SUSTAIN) program for older adults...
March 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416268/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-risk-of-parkinson-disease-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#2
Yee-Lam E Chan, Ya-Mei Bai, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Tai-Long Pan, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Mu-Hong Chen
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence has suggested a relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and neurodegenerative disorder, such as Alzheimer disease. The association between PTSD and Parkinson disease (PD), however, remains unclear. METHOD: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 7,280 subjects (1,456 patients aged ≥45 years with PTSD and 5,824 age-/sex-matched individuals without PTSD) were enrolled between 2002 and 2009 and followed to the end of 2011...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396100/the-implications-of-cadasil-as-a-genetic-model-of-vascular-depression
#3
EDITORIAL
Sara N Rushia, Ernst Garcon, Joel R Sneed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433549/influence-of-negative-life-events-and-widowhood-on-risk-for-dementia
#4
Lotte Gerritsen, Hui-Xin Wang, Chandra A Reynolds, Laura Fratiglioni, Margaret Gatz, Nancy L Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to examine the effect of negative life events and widowhood on the incidence of dementia. METHODS: Data were from four Swedish longitudinal cohort studies with a total of nearly 2,000 participants and 8-25 years of follow-up. Seven stressful events were examined for which data were available in all cohorts. Clinical dementia diagnoses were made through medical and psychological examinations. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the association between life events and dementia, adjusting for lifestyle and cardiovascular risk factors...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433548/effects-of-sex-and-education-on-cognitive-change-over-a-27-year-period-in-older-adults-the-rancho-bernardo-study
#5
Emilie T Reas, Gail A Laughlin, Jaclyn Bergstrom, Donna Kritz-Silverstein, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Linda K McEvoy
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how cognitive function changes with age and whether rates of decline vary by sex or education in a large, homogenous longitudinal cohort characterized by high participation rates, long duration of follow-up, and minimal loss to follow-up. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Between 1988 and 2016, 2,225 community-dwelling participants of the Rancho Bernardo Study, aged 31 to 99 years at their initial cognitive assessment, completed neuropsychological testing approximately every 4 years, over a maximum 27-year follow-up...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392189/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-and-neuroimaging-biomarkers-in-alzheimer-disease-which-is-the-cart-and-which-is-the-horse
#6
EDITORIAL
Yonas E Geda, Janina Krell-Roesch, Nathalie Sambuchi, Bernard F Michel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416136/antipsychotics-use-in-parkinson-disease-separating-appropriate-therapies-from-treating-inappropriately
#7
EDITORIAL
Eric Martin McDade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410857/measuring-participant-effort-in-a-depression-prevention-trial-who-engages-in-problem-solving-therapy
#8
Sarah T Stahl, Steven M Albert, Mary Amanda Dew, Stewart Anderson, Jordan F Karp, Ariel G Gildengers, Meryl A Butters, Charles F Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: To determine the acceptability of clinical interventions for depression prevention, identification of clinical characteristics associated with intervention engagement is needed. The purpose of this study is to describe levels and correlates of participant engagement in Problem Solving Therapy (PST) in adults 60 and older with subthreshold depression. METHODS: As part of a clinical trial to prevent depression among older adults with subthreshold depression, participants who were randomized to receive PST completed 6-8 sessions in which they learned skills to solve self-selected problems that were contributing to stress and reduced quality of life...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427826/suvorexant-in-elderly-patients-with-insomnia-pooled-analyses-of-data-from-phase-iii-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#9
W Joseph Herring, Kathryn M Connor, Ellen Snyder, Duane B Snavely, Ying Zhang, Jill Hutzelmann, Deborah Matzura-Wolfe, Ruth M Benca, Andrew D Krystal, James K Walsh, Christopher Lines, Thomas Roth, David Michelson
OBJECTIVE: Suvorexant is an orexin receptor antagonist approved for treating insomnia at doses of 10-20 mg. Previously reported phase III results showed that suvorexant was effective and well-tolerated in a combined-age population (elderly and nonelderly adults). The present analysis evaluated the clinical profile of suvorexant specifically in the elderly. METHODS: Prespecified subgroup analyses of pooled 3-month data from two (efficacy) and three (safety) randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trials...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408178/new-insights-into-brain-mechanisms-underlying-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-alzheimer-disease
#10
EDITORIAL
Paul B Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392063/geriatric-psychiatry-is-there-a-future
#11
EDITORIAL
Jimmy N Avari, Barnett S Meyers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372895/stage-dependent-significance-of-subjective-memory-complaints-responding-to-the-worried-well%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-and-to-the-unworried-unwell
#12
EDITORIAL
James M Ellison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431868/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-in-older-adults-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder
#13
Carl I Cohen, Aninditha Vengassery, Elena F Garcia Aracena
OBJECTIVES: Self-perceived quality of life (QOL) is an important outcome indicator in schizophrenia and a predictor of symptomatic and functional improvement. This study provides the first large scale longitudinal study of the fluctuations, predictors, and impact of QOL in older adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD). METHODS: The sample consisted of 104 community-dwelling persons with SSD aged 55 and over (mean age: 61years) who developed the disorder prior to age 45...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392190/prevalence-patterns-and-predictors-of-depression-treatment-among-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals-with-dementia-in-the-united-states
#14
Sandipan Bhattacharjee, Yeum Mok Oh, Eric M Reiman, William J Burke
OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring dementia and depression exerts a substantial burden on the elderly. This study utilizes data from a nationally representative cohort of community-dwelling individuals 65 years and older to examine the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of depression treatment among elderly individuals with co-occurring dementia and depression. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Multiple years of Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, and 2012) data...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365000/efficacy-and-feasibility-of-a-therapist-guided-internet-based-intervention-for-older-persons-with-childhood-traumatization-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Christine Knaevelsrud, Maria Böttche, Robert H Pietrzak, Harald Jürgen Freyberger, Philipp Kuwert
OBJECTIVE: Although cognitive-behavioral treatment approaches for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) exist, only a small proportion of older adults seeks psychological treatment. Alternative treatment approaches are thus needed to fill the gap between provision and use of psychological interventions. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of an Internet-based, therapist-guided cognitive-behavioral therapy (Internet-based CBT) for older individuals with PTSD symptoms...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363357/variation-in-placebo-effect-sizes-in-clinical-trials-of-oral-interventions-for-management-of-the-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-bpsd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Anna J Hyde, Brian H May, Charlie Changli Xue, Anthony L Zhang
Increasing placebo effect sizes over time have been reported in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for outcomes related to psychiatric symptoms. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) is a key outcome measure in clinical trials of the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Accurate placebo effect size estimates for NPI are needed for sample size calculations in order to adequately power future studies. This study investigated variation in placebo effect sizes for NPI in RCTs testing oral interventions for BPSD...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320582/caregiver-vulnerability-and-brain-structural-markers-compounding-risk
#17
EDITORIAL
Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser, Stephanie J Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318798/identification-of-childhood-abuse-in-patients-with-late-life-depression-may-help-to-optimize-treatment
#18
EDITORIAL
Elisabeth Schramm, Anneke van Schaik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341138/depression-is-associated-with-increased-risk-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Veronica Cardenas, Brent T Mausbach, David Sommerfeld, Daniel Jimenez, Roland von Känel, Jennifer S Ho, Piedad Garcia, Gregory A Aarons
OBJECTIVE: Latino adults are 66% more likely to have diabetes relative to non-Latino white adults. Prior research identifies depression as a significant risk factor for metabolic syndrome (MetS), but research examining this among Latinos is lacking. This study sought to examine the links between depression and MetS and clinically significant elevations in cardiovascular disease risk markers of MetS in a sample of community-dwelling older Latinos with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Participants were 332 community-dwelling older (≥60 years) Latinos with type 2 diabetes who completed the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire and received a health checkup assessing body mass index (BMI), triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels, and blood pressure...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336265/brain-structural-markers-and-caregiving-characteristics-as-interacting-correlates-of-caregiving-strain
#20
Stephen F Smagula, Scott Beach, Andrea L Rosso, Anne B Newman, Richard Schulz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between brain structural markers and caregiving strain among older informal caregivers. DESIGN: A secondary data analysis combining data from the Caregiver Health Effects Study (1993-1994) and the Cardiovascular Health Study MRI examination (1992-1994). SETTING: Four United States communities. PARTICIPANTS: Co-residing spousal caregivers (N = 237; mean age: 76.2 years, SD: 2...
February 21, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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