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American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223081/aagp-statement-on-immigration-executive-order-february-7-2017
#1
EDITORIAL
Daniel Sewell, Kirsten Wilkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238814/neural-basis-of-cognitive-assessment-in-alzheimer-disease-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-subjective-memory-complaints
#2
Jordi A Matías-Guiu, María Nieves Cabrera-Martín, María Valles-Salgado, Alicia Pérez-Pérez, Teresa Rognoni, Teresa Moreno-Ramos, José Luis Carreras, Jorge Matías-Guiu
INTRODUCTION: Interpreting cognitive tests is often challenging. The same test frequently examines multiple cognitive functions, and the functional and anatomical basis underlying test performance is unknown in many cases. This study analyses the correlation of different neuropsychological test results with brain metabolism in a series of patients evaluated for suspected Alzheimer disease. METHODS: 20 healthy controls and 80 patients consulting for memory loss were included, in which cognitive study and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET were performed...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215899/-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-cortical-metabolic-activity-associated-with-distinct-agitation-behaviors-in-alzheimer-disease
#3
Gali H Weissberger, Rebecca J Melrose, Theresa A Narvaez, Dylan Harwood, Mark A Mandelkern, David L Sultzer
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the neurobiologic correlates of two distinct clusters of agitation symptoms to identify the unique biologic substrates underlying agitated behaviors. METHODS: Eighty-eight outpatients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease (AD) were recruited from the VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System Geropsychiatry Outpatient Program. A cross-sectional investigation was conducted of the relationship between cerebral glucose metabolism measured via (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and agitated symptoms from the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) in patients with AD...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215900/lack-of-early-improvement-with-antipsychotics-is-a-marker-for-subsequent-nonresponse-in-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-analysis-of-catie-ad-data
#4
Kazunari Yoshida, Rachel Roberts, Takefumi Suzuki, Barry Lebowitz, Suzanne Reeves, Robert Howard, Takayuki Abe, Masaru Mimura, Hiroyuki Uchida
OBJECTIVE: Prediction of response or nonresponse to antipsychotics is especially important in patients with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in whom antipsychotic exposure increases risks of death. This study examined whether the presence or absence of early improvement of BPSD with antipsychotics is associated with subsequent response or nonresponse. METHODS: In a post-hoc analysis of the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness-Alzheimer's Disease (CATIE-AD) study (2001-2004) (clinicaltrials...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216175/healthy-older-schizophrenia-patients-exceptions-to-the-rule
#5
EDITORIAL
Paul D Meesters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215902/childhood-abuse-and-the-two-year-course-of-late-life-depression
#6
Ilse Wielaard, Hannie C Comijs, Max L Stek, Didi Rhebergen
OBJECTIVES: Late-life depression often has a chronic course, with debilitating effects on functioning and quality of life; there is still no consensus on important risk factors explaining this chronicity. Cross-sectional studies have shown that childhood abuse is associated with late-life depression, and in longitudinal studies with chronicity of depression in younger adults. We aim to investigate the impact of childhood abuse on the course of late-life depression. DESIGN: Two-year longitudinal cohort study...
January 24, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233606/comparison-of-nine-instruments-to-calculate-anticholinergic-load-in-a-large-cohort-of-older-outpatients-association-with-cognitive-and-functional-decline-falls-and-use-of-laxatives
#7
Tanja Mayer, Andreas Daniel Meid, Kai-Uwe Saum, Hermann Brenner, Ben Schöttker, Hanna Marita Seidling, Walter Emil Haefeli
OBJECTIVE: A patient's risk for anticholinergic adverse effects is frequently estimated by instruments evaluating the drugs included in his medication profile. It remains unknown, however, which characteristics should be included in such an assessment instrument aiming to reliably predict adverse anticholinergic outcomes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: ESTHER cohort (Germany). PARTICIPANTS: Home-dwelling participants (N = 2,761) aged between 60 and 87 years...
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209286/inappropriate-sexual-behaviors-in-dementia
#8
EDITORIAL
Perminder S Sachdev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223082/negative-emotions-and-suicidal-ideation-during-psychosocial-treatments-in-older-adults-with-major-depression-and-cognitive-impairment
#9
Dimitris N Kiosses, James J Gross, Samprit Banerjee, Paul R Duberstein, David Putrino, George S Alexopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of negative emotions with suicidal ideation during 12 weeks of Problem Adaptation Therapy (PATH) versus Supportive Therapy of Cognitively Impaired Older Adults (ST-CI), hypothesizing that improved negative emotions are associated with reduced suicidal ideation, PATH improves negative emotions more than ST-CI, and improved negative emotions, rather than other depression symptoms, predict reduction in suicidal ideation. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial of two home-delivered psychosocial interventions, 74 older participants (65-95 years old) with major depressive disorder and cognitive impairment were recruited in collaboration with community agencies...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209410/bridge-over-troubled-water
#10
EDITORIAL
Ingmar Skoog
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209288/depression-is-contagious-dyadic-interventions-may-reduce-infection
#11
EDITORIAL
Jordan F Karp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209285/reconciling-the-many-evolving-perspectives-of-psychopathology
#12
EDITORIAL
George S Alexopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161156/amyloid-beta-deposition-is-associated-with-increased-medial-temporal-lobe-activation-during-memory-encoding-in-the-cognitively-normal-elderly
#13
Kathryn Edelman, Dana Tudorascu, Christian Agudelo, Beth Snitz, Helmet Karim, Ann Cohen, Chester Mathis, Julie Price, Lisa Weissfeld, William Klunk, Howard Aizenstein
BACKGROUND: Much is unknown about changes that occur in the brain in the years preceding the cognitive and functional impairment associated with Alzheimer disease (AD). This period before mild cognitive impairment is present has been referred to as preclinical AD, and is thought to begin with amyloid-beta deposition and then progress to neurodegeneration and functional brain circuit alterations. Prior studies have shown that there is increased medial temporal lobe activation on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) early in the course of mild cognitive impairment...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187955/slowing-symptoms-as-early-markers-of-decline-in-older-adults
#14
EDITORIAL
Sarah T Stahl, Steven M Albert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190674/neuronal-loss-and-%C3%AE-synuclein-pathology-in-the-superior-colliculus-and-its-relationship-to-visual-hallucinations-in-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#15
Daniel Erskine, Alan J Thomas, John-Paul Taylor, Michael A Savage, Johannes Attems, Ian G McKeith, Christopher M Morris, Ahmad A Khundakar
OBJECTIVE: Patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) often experience visual hallucinations, which are related to decreased quality of life for patients and increased caregiver distress. The pathologic changes that contribute to visual hallucinations are not known, but several hypotheses implicate deficient attentional processing. The superior colliculus has a role in visual attention and planning eye movements and has been directly implicated in several models of visual hallucinations...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215901/physical-health-medication-and-healthcare-utilization-among-70-year-old-people-with-schizophrenia-a-nationwide-danish-register-study
#16
Maria Brink, Anders Green, Anders Bo Bojesen, J Steven Lamberti, Yeates Conwell, Kjeld Andersen
OBJECTIVES: In light of the excess early mortality in schizophrenia, mainly due to physical illnesses, we investigated medical comorbidity, use of medication, and healthcare utilization among individuals with schizophrenia who survived into older ages to uncover potential factors contributing to their longevity. DESIGN: A nationwide register-based case-control study comparing 70-year-olds with and without schizophrenia. SETTING: Cases were drawn from the Danish Psychiatric Central Register...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214074/subspecialty-training-and-certification-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-25-year-overview
#17
Dorthea Juul, Christopher C Colenda, Jeffrey M Lyness, Laura B Dunn, Rita Hargrave, Larry R Faulkner
: The Institute of Medicine estimated that by 2030, from 10.1 to 14.4 million Americans aged 65 years or older will have mental health or substance use disorders. This article reviews the history and current status of training, certification, and practice in geriatric psychiatry against the backdrop of this "silver tsunami." The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) administered the first subspecialty examination in geriatric psychiatry in 1991, and through 2015 3,329 certificates were awarded...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132747/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-early-cognitive-decline
#18
EDITORIAL
Juleen Rodakowski, Elizabeth R Skidmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209287/molecular-imaging-of-the-nicotinic-cholinergic-receptor-in-alzheimer-disease
#19
EDITORIAL
Gwenn S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169129/adapting-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-smartphone-delivery-to-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#20
Karen L Whiteman, Matthew C Lohman, Lydia E Gill, Martha L Bruce, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: To describe the process of adapting an integrated medical and psychiatric self-management intervention to a smartphone application for middle-aged and older adults with serious mental illness using an adaptive systems engineering framework and user-centered design. METHODS: First, we determined the technical abilities and needs of middle-aged and older adults with serious mental illnesses using smartphones. Then, we developed smartphone content through principles of user-centered design and modified an existing smartphone platform...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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