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American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522120/commentary-is-the-placebo-effect-actually-increasing-over-time
#1
EDITORIAL
Dilip V Jeste, Ellen E Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483436/individualized-music-program-is-associated-with-improved-outcomes-for-u-s-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#2
Kali S Thomas, Rosa Baier, Cyrus Kosar, Jessica Ogarek, Alissa Trepman, Vincent Mor
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare resident outcomes before and after implementation of an individualized music program, MUSIC & MEMORY (M&M), designed to address the behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia (BPSD). SETTING: 98 nursing homes trained in the M&M program during 2013 and 98 matched-pair comparisons. PARTICIPANTS: Long-stay residents with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) residing in M&M participating facilities (N = 12,905) and comparison facilities (N = 12,811) during 2012-2013...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483435/unraveling-the-biologic-basis-for-domain-specific-cognitive-decline
#3
EDITORIAL
Shannon L Risacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479152/does-music-have-charms-to-soothe-dementia
#4
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey M Lyness
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478996/prediction-of-response-to-antipsychotics-in-patients-with-dementia-remains-a-conundrum
#5
EDITORIAL
D P Devanand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529007/risk-factors-for-depression-differential-across-age
#6
Roxanne Schaakxs, Hannie C Comijs, Roos C van der Mast, Robert A Schoevers, Aartjan T F Beekman, Brenda W J H Penninx
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of well-established risk factors for depression differs across the lifespan. Risk factors may be more strongly associated with depression at ages when occurrence, and therefore expectance, is relatively low ("on-time off-time" hypothesis). This large-scale study examined absolute and relative risks of established risk factors for depression across the lifespan. METHODS: Participants were 2,215 currently or never depressed adults aged 18 to 93 years from two cohort studies: NESDA and NESDO...
April 7, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495470/cognitive-effects-of-chemotherapy-and-cancer-related-treatments-in-older-adults
#7
REVIEW
Jennifer N Vega, Julie Dumas, Paul A Newhouse
Advances in cancer treatment are producing a growing number of cancer survivors; therefore, issues surrounding quality of life during and following cancer treatment have become increasingly important. Chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) is a problem that is commonly reported following the administration of chemotherapy treatment in patients with cancer. Research suggests that CRCI can persist for months to years after completing treatment, which has implications for the trajectory of normal and pathologic cognitive aging for the growing number of long-term cancer survivors...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495469/clock-copying-predicts-mortality-in-adult-protective-services-clients
#8
Abigail E Talley, Jason E Schillerstrom, Donald R Royall
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if a clock copying task predicts 18-month mortality in an Adult Protective Services (APS) sample referred for a decision-making capacity assessment. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective medical record review of clients (N = 233) referred by APS for a decision-making capacity assessment during a 3-year time period. Information extracted included demographic data and neuropsychological performance on a battery sensitive to executive function, visuospatial ability, depression, memory, and general cognition...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495468/commentary-for-steeper-slope-of-age-related-changes-in-white-matter-microstructure-and-processing-speed-in-bipolar-disorder
#9
EDITORIAL
Ariel Gildengers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495467/mobile-health-technology-in-late-life-mental-illness-a-focused-literature-review
#10
Yara Moussa, Artin A Mahdanian, Ching Yu, Marilyn Segal, Karl J Looper, Ipsit V Vahia, Soham Rej
OBJECTIVE: In an era of rising geriatric mental health care needs worldwide, technological advances can help address care needs in a cost-effective fashion. Our objective in this review was to assess whether mobile health technology, such as tablets and smartphones, are feasible to use in patients with late-life mental and cognitive disorders, as well as whether they were generally reliable modes of mental health/cognitive assessment. METHODS: We performed a focused literature review of MEDLINE, PsychInfo, and Embase databases, including papers specifically assessing the implementation of mobile health technologies: electronic tablets (e...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478997/the-best-value-in-dementia-care
#11
EDITORIAL
Robert Roca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506605/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-older-adults-experiencing-motor-vehicle-collision-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Timothy F Platts-Mills, Bo C Nebolisa, Sean A Flannigan, Natalie L Richmond, Robert M Domeier, Robert A Swor, Phyllis L Hendry, David A Peak, Niels K Rathlev, Jeffrey S Jones, David C Lee, Christopher W Jones, Samuel A McLean
OBJECTIVE: To characterize risk factors for and consequences of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among older adults evaluated in the emergency department (ED) following motor vehicle collision (MVC). DESIGN: Prospective multicenter longitudinal study (2011-2015). SETTING: 9 EDs across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 65 years and older who presented to an ED after MVC without severe injuries. MEASUREMENTS: PTSD symptoms were assessed 6 months after the ED visit using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478998/characteristics-and-service-use-of-older-adults-with-schizoaffective-disorder-versus-older-adults-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#13
Stephanie A Rolin, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Karen L Whiteman, Emily Scherer, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if schizoaffective disorder in older adults is differentiated from schizophrenia and bipolar disorder with respect to community functioning, cognitive functioning, psychiatric symptoms, and service use. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of baseline data collected from the Helping Older People Experience Success psychosocial skills training and health management study. SETTING: Three community mental health centers in New Hampshire and Massachusetts...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457805/negative-affectivity-aging-and-depression-results-from-the-neurobiology-of-late-life-depression-nbold-study
#14
David C Steffens, Lihong Wang, Kevin J Manning, Godfrey D Pearlson
OBJECTIVE: Neuroticism is a common yet understudied condition in older adults. We hypothesized that presence of high negativity affectivity (NA), a key feature of neuroticism, would be associated with different prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity and connectivity patterns in depressed and never-depressed older adults. METHODS: This is a baseline cross-sectional analysis of a cohort study of 52 depressed and 36 never-depressed older adults. Assessments included NA scores from the Type D Scale-14 and Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale scores...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456386/personality-and-performance-in-specific-neurocognitive-domains-among-older-persons
#15
Benjamin P Chapman, Ralph H Benedict, Feng Lin, Shumita Roy, Howard J Federoff, Mark Mapstone
OBJECTIVE: Certain Big 5 personality dimensions have been repeatedly linked to global measures of cognitive function and outcome categories. We examined whether the Big 5 or their specific components showed differential evidence of associations with specific neurocognitive domains. METHODS: Participants were 179 older adults (70+) from a broader study on cognitive aging. The NEO-Five Factor Inventory and a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests were used...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479153/longitudinal-cognitive-outcomes-of-clinical-phenotypes-of-late-life-depression
#16
Meghan Riddle, Guy G Potter, Douglas R McQuoid, David C Steffens, John L Beyer, Warren D Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Late-life depression is associated with cognitive deficits and increased risk for cognitive decline. The purpose of the study was to determine whether clinical characteristics could serve as phenotypes informative of subsequent cognitive decline. Age at depression onset and antidepressant remission at 3 months (acute response) and 12 months (chronic response) were examined. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of late-life depression in an academic center, 273 depressed and 164 never-depressed community-dwelling elders aged 60 years or older were followed on average for over 5 years...
March 28, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433550/evaluation-of-a-telephone-delivered-community-based-collaborative-care-management-program-for-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-dementia
#17
Shahrzad Mavandadi, Laura O Wray, Suzanne DiFilippo, Joel Streim, David Oslin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a community-based, telephone-delivered, brief patient/caregiver-centered collaborative dementia care management intervention is associated with improved caregiver and care recipient (CR) outcomes. DESIGN: Longitudinal program evaluation of a clinical intervention; assessments at baseline and 3- and 6-month follow-up. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers (N = 440) of older, community-dwelling, low-income CRs prescribed a psychotropic medication by a primary care provider who met criteria for dementia and were enrolled in the SUpporting Seniors Receiving Treatment And INtervention (SUSTAIN) program for older adults...
March 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434675/cadasil-as-a-useful-medical-model-and-genetic-form-of-vascular-depression
#18
Joon Hyuk Park, Bong-Hee Jeon, Jung Seok Lee, Paul A Newhouse, Warren D Taylor, Brian D Boyd, Ki Woong Kim, Moon-Doo Kim
OBJECTIVE: The main magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) are white matter hyperintensities (WMHs), lacunar infarctions, and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of these three neuroimaging markers of CADASIL on depression to determine whether CADASIL is a useful medical model supporting the vascular depression hypothesis. METHODS: Eighty-four subjects with CADASIL, aged 34-86 years, participated in this study...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416268/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-risk-of-parkinson-disease-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#19
Yee-Lam E Chan, Ya-Mei Bai, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Tai-Long Pan, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Mu-Hong Chen
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence has suggested a relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and neurodegenerative disorder, such as Alzheimer disease. The association between PTSD and Parkinson disease (PD), however, remains unclear. METHOD: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 7,280 subjects (1,456 patients aged ≥45 years with PTSD and 5,824 age-/sex-matched individuals without PTSD) were enrolled between 2002 and 2009 and followed to the end of 2011...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396100/the-implications-of-cadasil-as-a-genetic-model-of-vascular-depression
#20
EDITORIAL
Sara N Rushia, Ernst Garcon, Joel R Sneed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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