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American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082017/physical-activity-and-the-hippocampus-in-older-adults
#1
EDITORIAL
Julie A Dumas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041763/bipolar-patients-with-vascular-risk-display-a-steeper-age-related-negative-slope-in-inhibitory-performance-but-not-processing-speed-a-preliminary-study
#2
Sheena I Dev, Lisa T Eyler
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with cognitive deficits, yet little is known about associations between cognition, vascular risk (VR), and age in this population. This study investigated whether BD patients with VR demonstrate stronger apparent age-related decline in inhibitory performance and processing speed (PS). METHODS: A full medical history was obtained for 34 euthymic BD and 41 healthy comparison (HC) individuals. The Delis-Kaplan Executive Functions Color Word Interference Subtests were administered to all participants to assess for inhibitory performance (condition 3) and PS (conditions 1 and 2)...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017517/childhood-adversity-s-enduring-impact-on-homeless-older-adults
#3
EDITORIAL
Ladson Hinton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011140/learning-their-language-the-importance-of-detecting-and-managing-pain-in-dementia
#4
EDITORIAL
Lauren B Gerlach, Helen C Kales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011139/depression-and-cerebrovascular-disease-what-is-to-be-done
#5
EDITORIAL
George S Alexopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063852/gait-speed-and-processing-speed-as-clinical-markers-for-geriatric-health-outcomes
#6
Joost B Sanders, Marijke A Bremmer, Hannie C Comijs, Peter M van de Ven, Dorly J H Deeg, Aartjan T F Beekman
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the independent and combined potential of slowed gait speed and slowed processing speed as predictors of adverse health outcomes. The role of depressive symptoms in these associations is also investigated. METHODS: In the prospective cohort study, using the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam database, three study samples for each outcome variable were defined: persistent cognitive decline (PCD; N = 1,271, 13 years of follow-up), falls (N = 1,282, 6 years of follow-up), and mortality (N = 1,559, age 74...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082016/a-tablet-for-healthy-ageing-the-effect-of-a-tablet-computer-training-intervention-on-cognitive-abilities-in-older-adults
#7
Eleftheria Vaportzis, Mike Martin, Alan J Gow
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of a tablet computer training intervention to improve cognitive abilities of older adults. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community-based aging intervention study, Edinburgh, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight healthy older adults aged 65 to 76 years were recruited at baseline with no or minimal tablet experience; 43 completed follow-up testing. INTERVENTION: Twenty-two participants attended a weekly 2-hour class for 10 weeks during which they learned how to use a tablet and various applications on it...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017516/inappropriate-sexual-behaviors-among-community-dwelling-patients-with-dementia
#8
Marco Canevelli, Flaminia Lucchini, Carlo Garofalo, Giuseppina Talarico, Alessandro Trebbastoni, Fabrizia D'Antonio, Letizia Imbriano, Patrizia Velotti, Carlo de Lena, Marina Gasparini, Giuseppe Bruno
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate sexual behaviors (ISBs) represent challenging and stressful manifestations of dementia and are highly burdening for patients, families, and healthcare providers. Nevertheless, ISBs have so far attracted limited clinical and scientific interest compared with other neuropsychiatric symptoms occurring in dementing illnesses. The authors aimed to systematically investigate the prevalence and characteristics of ISBs in a population of patients with dementia attending a memory clinic...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065496/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-daily-functioning-among-older-adults-with-hiv
#9
Raeanne C Moore, Christopher N Kaufmann, Alexandra S Rooney, David J Moore, Lisa T Eyler, Eric Granholm, Steven Paul Woods, Joel Swendsen, Robert K Heaton, J C Scott, Colin A Depp
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial validity of using smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to assess daily functioning and other behavioral factors among older HIV+ adults. METHODS: Twenty older HIV+ adults (mean age: 59 years) completed laboratory-based neurobehavioral and functional assessments then completed EMA surveys via smartphones five times per day for one week. RESULTS: Excellent EMA adherence (86...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040428/why-trainees-should-consider-a-career-in-geriatric-psychiatry-reflections-from-two-aagp-trainee-board-members
#10
EDITORIAL
Brandon C Yarns, Oliver M Glass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012712/unintended-consequences-of-adjusting-citalopram-prescriptions-following-the-2011-fda-warning
#11
Lauren B Gerlach, Helen C Kales, Donovan T Maust, Claire Chiang, Claire Stano, Hae Mi Choe, Kara Zivin
OBJECTIVES: In 2011, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a safety announcement cautioning providers against prescribing citalopram above 40 mg per day given concerns for QT prolongation. We assessed the impact of a health system quality improvement initiative to identify patients taking higher than the recommended dose of citalopram. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Nine primary care clinics within the University of Michigan from March 2012 to February 2013...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040430/association-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-episodic-memory-and-cerebral-microvascular-pathology-a-preliminary-study
#12
Nancy A Kerner, Steven P Roose, Gregory H Pelton, Adam Ciarleglio, Jennifer Scodes, Cody Lentz, Joel R Sneed, D P Devanand
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on neurocognitive function and brain morphology in older adults with depression and cognitive impairment. METHODS: We prospectively screened OSA with the STOP-Bang questionnaire in the last 25 patients enrolled into the Donepezil Treatment of Cognitive Impairment and Depression (DOTCODE) trial. High and low probability of OSA were defined as a STOP-Bang score of ≥5 (h-OSA) and of <5 (l-OSA), respectively...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034509/maxcog-maximizing-cognition-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-goal-oriented-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-early-alzheimer-disease
#13
Bridget Regan, Yvonne Wells, Maree Farrow, Paul O'Halloran, Barbara Workman
OBJECTIVES: To review the efficacy of a home-based four-session individualized face-to-face cognitive rehabilitation (MAXCOG) intervention for clients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or early dementia and their close supporters. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial comparing the intervention group (MAXCOG) with treatment as usual (control). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 55 client-supporter dyads were enrolled in the study and 40 completed; 25 client-supporter dyads completed MAXCOG and 15 completed treatment as usual...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986412/hippocampal-response-to-a-24-month-physical-activity-intervention-in-sedentary-older-adults
#14
Caterina Rosano, Jack Guralnik, Marco Pahor, Nancy W Glynn, Anne B Newman, Tamer S Ibrahim, Kirk Erickson, Ronald Cohen, C Elizabeth Shaaban, Rebecca L MacCloud, Howard J Aizenstein
BACKGROUND: Greater hippocampal volume is observed in healthy older adults after short-term structured exercise. Whether long-term exposure to real-world physical activity (PA) programs has similar effects for sedentary older adults with impaired mobility and comorbid conditions is not known. HYPOTHESIS: A long-term moderate intensity regimen of PA is related to larger volume of the hippocampus in older adults at risk for mobility disability. We further explore whether these associations are modified by factors known to be related to dementia...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040429/dealing-with-daily-challenges-in-dementia-deal-id-study-an-experience-sampling-study-to-assess-caregivers-sense-of-competence-and-experienced-positive-affect-in-daily-life
#15
Rosalia J M van Knippenberg, Marjolein E de Vugt, Rudolf W Ponds, Inez Myin-Germeys, Frans R J Verhey
OBJECTIVE: Positive emotions and feelings of competence seem to play an important role in the well-being of caregivers of people with dementia. Both are likely to fluctuate constantly throughout the caretaking process. Unlike standard retrospective methods, momentary assessments in daily life can provide insight into these moment-to-moment fluctuations. Therefore, in this study both retrospective and momentary assessments were used to examine the relationship between caregivers' sense of competence and their experienced positive affect (PA) in daily life...
November 11, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024881/scientific-autobiography
#16
EDITORIAL
Martha L Bruce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065497/evaluating-the-cost-of-mental-illness-a-call-for-a-cost-effective-care-coordination-model
#17
EDITORIAL
Jie Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939851/age-specific-prevalence-of-hoarding-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-population-based-study
#18
Danielle C Cath, Krystal Nizar, Dorret Boomsma, Carol A Mathews
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the age-specific prevalence of hoarding and obsessive compulsive symptoms (OCS), particularly in older age groups. The objectives of this study were to estimate the age-specific prevalence, severity, and relationships between hoarding and OCS in males and females using a large population-based sample. METHODS: We assessed the age-specific prevalence rates of hoarding disorder (HD) and OC disorder (OCD) in males and females (at various age ranges between 15 and 97 years) from the Netherlands Twins Register (N = 15,194)...
November 10, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916393/changes-in-frailty-status-and-risk-of-depression-results-from-the-progetto-veneto-anziani-longitudinal-study
#19
Marina De Rui, Nicola Veronese, Caterina Trevisan, Sara Carraro, Linda Berton, Stefania Maggi, Sabina Zambon, Maria Chiara Corti, Giovannella Baggio, Brendon Stubbs, Egle Perissinotto, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether prefrailty was associated with the risk of developing depression and if longitudinal changes in frailty status corresponded to changes in incident depression during follow up. METHODS: A population-based, prospective cohort study was conducted for 4.4 years in two separate geographic areas near the city of Padua in the Veneto Region of Northern Italy. In 891 nondepressed, nonfrail, community-dwelling Italian subjects aged ≥ 65 (46...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914870/co-occurrence-and-predictors-of-three-commonly-occurring-behavioral-symptoms-in-dementia-agitation-aggression-and-rejection-of-care
#20
Scott Seung W Choi, Chakra Budhathoki, Laura N Gitlin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate co-occurrences of agitation, aggression, and rejection of care in community-dwelling families living with dementia. METHODS: Cross-sectional, secondary analysis from a randomized controlled trial testing a nonpharmacological intervention to reduce behavioral symptoms. We examined frequency of occurrence of presenting behaviors at baseline and their combination. Omnibus tests compared those exhibiting combinations of behaviors on contributory factors...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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