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American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433845/self-perceived-health-and-sleep-quality-of-community-older-adults-after-acupunch-exercises
#1
Chih-Yin Hsiao, Kuei-Min Chen, Han-Ya Tsai, Hsin-Ting Huang, Yin-Yin Cheng, Athena Yijung Tsai
OBJECTIVES: To test the long-term effects of the 12-month Healthy Beat Acupunch (HBA) exercise program on the self-perceived health and sleep quality of older adults in community care centers, and to compare the effects of two delivery methods: instructor-led HBA for the first 6 months and DVD-guided HBA for another 6 months. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Eight community care centers. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 232 participants were recruited from eight community care centers, and cluster-randomized to the experimental (4 centers, N = 113) and control (4 centers, N = 119) groups...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428405/from-bereavement-to-grief-to-cognitive-decline-a-call-for-novel-treatment-and-prevention-approaches
#2
EDITORIAL
Eric Bui, Olivia Okereke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428406/palliating-severe-refractory-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-of-dementia-is-there-a-role-for-electroconvulsive-therapy
#3
EDITORIAL
Tyler S Kaster, Daniel M Blumberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429870/2017-year-in-review-editor-s-letter-to-the-readers-of-the-american-journal-of-geriatric-psychiatry
#4
EDITORIAL
Charles F Reynolds
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398354/a-machine-learning-approach-to-identifying-placebo-responders-in-late-life-depression-trials
#5
Sigal Zilcha-Mano, Steven P Roose, Patrick J Brown, Bret R Rutherford
OBJECTIVE: Despite efforts to identify characteristics associated with medication-placebo differences in antidepressant trials, few consistent findings have emerged to guide participant selection in drug development settings and differential therapeutics in clinical practice. Limitations in the methodologies used, particularly searching for a single moderator while treating all other variables as noise, may partially explain the failure to generate consistent results. The present study tested whether interactions between pretreatment patient characteristics, rather than a single-variable solution, may better predict who is most likely to benefit from placebo versus medication...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426606/symptomatic-and-functional-recovery-from-major-depressive-disorder-in-the-ibadan-study-of-ageing
#6
Akin Ojagbemi, Taiwo Abiona, Zhehui Luo, Oye Gureje
OBJECTIVES: Very little is known about the association between symptomatic and functional recovery from late-life major depressive disorder (MDD) in sub-Saharan Africa. We investigated factors associated with sustained symptomatic remission (SR) from MDD and the 5-year trajectory of post-MDD physical functioning. DESIGN: 5-year prospective study with three follow-up waves in 2007, 2008, and 2009. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Household multistage probability sample of 2,149 Nigerians who were aged 65 years or older...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395856/walking-while-talking-and-risk-of-incident-dementia
#7
Mirnova E Ceïde, Emmeline I Ayers, Richard Lipton, Joe Verghese
INTRODUCTION: Walking while talking (WWT) is a performance-based test of divided attention that examines cognitive-motor interactions. The purpose of this study is to examine the predictive validity of WWT for dementia and dementia subtypes. METHODS: We prospectively studied the associations of WWT performance at baseline with risk of developing incident dementia in 1,156 older adults (mean age: 78.28 ± 5.27 years, 60.7% female) enrolled in the Einstein Aging Study using Cox proportional hazard models...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398352/advanced-dementia-in-long-term-care-avoiding-the-pitfalls-of-fall-prevention
#8
EDITORIAL
Eran D Metzger, Annie M Racine, Sharon K Inouye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395855/walking-tests-are-they-sensitive-enough-to-detect-cognitive-decline-in-older-adults
#9
EDITORIAL
Sarah T Stahl, Steven M Albert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370966/step-by-step-one-by-one
#10
EDITORIAL
Oliver M Glass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398351/assessing-the-decision-making-capacity-of-terminally-ill-patients-with-cancer
#11
Elissa Kolva, Barry Rosenfeld, Rebecca Saracino
OBJECTIVE: Despite the clinical, ethical, and legal magnitude of end-of-life decision-making, the capacity of terminally ill patients to make the medical decisions they often face is largely unknown. In practice, clinicians are responsible for determining when their patients are no longer competent to make treatment decisions, yet the accuracy of these assessments is unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore decision-making capacity and its assessment in terminally ill cancer patients...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395858/cognitive-reappraisal-intervention-for-suicide-prevention-crisp-for-middle-aged-and-older-adults-hospitalized-for-suicidality
#12
Dimitris N Kiosses, George S Alexopoulos, Greg Hajcak, William Apfeldorf, Paul R Duberstein, David Putrino, James J Gross
Middle-aged and older adults constitute a high suicide-risk group. Among adults aged 50 years old and older, suicide rates increased and suicide deaths almost doubled during the period from 2000 to 2015. Suicide rates are elevated for patients hospitalized for suicidality (i.e., active suicidal ideation or suicide attempt) and the 3 months post-hospitalization is the time of the highest suicide risk. Psychosocial interventions for middle-aged and older adults hospitalized for suicidality are sparse. In this article, we present the main aspects, stages, techniques and a clinical case study of Cognitive Reappraisal Intervention for Suicide Prevention (CRISP), a psychosocial intervention targeting cognitive reappraisal to reduce suicide risk in middle-aged and older adults who have been recently hospitalized for suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395857/turmeric-for-prevention-of-dementia-food-for-thought
#13
EDITORIAL
Mustafa M Husain, Yamna Channa, Mohan Chilukuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366544/an-old-new-strategy-to-manage-bpsd
#14
EDITORIAL
Larry E Tune
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289452/empathic-accuracy-deficits-in-patients-with-neurodegenerative-disease-association-with-caregiver-depression
#15
Casey L Brown, Sandy J Lwi, Madeleine S Goodkind, Katherine P Rankin, Jennifer Merrilees, Bruce L Miller, Robert W Levenson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether deficits in empathic accuracy (i.e., ability to recognize emotion in others) in patients with neurodegenerative disease are associated with greater depression in their caregivers. DESIGN: Two cross-sectional studies. SETTING: Academic medical center and research university. PARTICIPANTS: Two independent samples (N = 172, N = 63) of patients with a variety of neurodegenerative diseases and their caregivers; comparison group of healthy couples...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398353/psychosis-in-neurodegeneration-relating-phenomenology-to-pathology-and-prognosis
#16
EDITORIAL
Jared T Hinkle, Gregory M Pontone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373300/-the-filter-is-kind-of-broken-family-caregivers-attributions-about-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia
#17
Courtney A Polenick, Laura M Struble, Barbara Stanislawski, Molly Turnwald, Brianna Broderick, Laura N Gitlin, Helen C Kales
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are common, often challenging to manage, and may erode caregivers' well-being. Few studies have explored caregivers' perspectives of what causes these behaviors, but such attributions may be important-particularly if they negatively impact the care dyad. This study examined causal attributions about BPSD among individuals caring for a family member with dementia. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative data were obtained from family caregivers of older adults with dementia...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329723/prolonged-grief-and-cognitive-decline-a-prospective-population-based-study-in-middle-aged-and-older-persons
#18
Heidi C Saavedra Pérez, M Arfan Ikram, Nese Direk, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Bereavement can result in unresolved and prolonged grief, often termed prolonged grief disorder (PGD). The impact of PGD on cognitive functioning is poorly understood. The aim of the study was to compare the cognitive decline, assessed by repeated measures of different cognition domains, between persons with normal and PGD and a non-grieving reference population in a 7-year follow-up study. METHODS: The study sample comprised 3126 non-demented persons, mean age: 64 years, of the Rotterdam Study...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433846/the-thick-of-it-freely-wandering-in-academic-medicine
#19
EDITORIAL
Paul R Duberstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336907/a-palliative-approach-to-falls-in-advanced-dementia
#20
REVIEW
Andrea Iaboni, Karen Van Ooteghem, Meghan N Marcil, Amy Cockburn, Alastair J Flint, Daphna Grossman, Ron Keren
Falls are viewed as a preventable cause of injury, functional loss, and death in older adults with dementia, and have been used as a marker of quality of care in long-term care facilities. Despite intensive intervention around fall prevention in these settings, falls and injury remain frequent, particularly among residents in the advanced stages of dementia. In this clinical review, we consider the common challenges and pitfalls in both the management of falls and the provision of palliative care in advanced dementia...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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