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American Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036398/re-modeled-and-perceived-exposure-to-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-fields-from-mobile-phone-base-stations-and-the-development-of-symptoms-over-time-in-a-general-population-cohort
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036282/the-authors-reply
#2
Astrid L Martens, Pauline Slottje, Danielle R M Timmermans, Hans Kromhout, Marije Reedijk, Tjabe Smid, Roel C H Vermeulen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036550/perceived-interpersonal-discrimination-and-older-women-s-mental-health-accumulation-across-domains-attributions-and-time
#3
Laia Bécares, Nan Zhang
Experiencing discrimination is associated with poor mental health, but how cumulative experiences of perceived interpersonal discrimination across attributions, domains, and time are associated with mental disorders is still unknown. Using data from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (1996-2008) we apply latent class analysis and generalized linear models to estimate the association between cumulative exposure to perceived interpersonal discrimination and older women's mental health. We find four classes of perceived interpersonal discrimination, ranging from cumulative exposure to discrimination over attributions, domains, and time, to none or minimal reports of discrimination...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036517/response-to-letter-from-moise-and-bertoni-regarding-sex-differences-in-the-association-of-diabetes-with-cardiovascular-disease-outcomes-among-african-americans-and-whites-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study-by-george-et-al-2017
#4
Kristen M George, Elizabeth Selvin, James S Pankow, B Gwen Windham, Aaron R Folsom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036484/sex-differences-in-the-association-of-diabetes-with-cardiovascular-disease-outcomes-among-african-americans-and-whites-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#5
Kristen M George, Elizabeth Selvin, James S Pankow, B Gwen Windham, Aaron R Folsom
Sex by diabetes interaction on cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been established in whites; however, it is unknown if this interaction occurs in African Americans. We hypothesized that is a multiplicative sex by diabetes interaction for CVD among blacks in ARIC, 1987-2013. Race-specific Cox models were run in three stages; stage 1 examined baseline diabetes status, stage 2-baseline diabetes status with the competing risk of non-CVD death, and stage 3- time-varying diabetes status with a competing risk of non-CVD death...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036411/relative-validity-of-nutrient-intakes-assessed-by-questionnaire-24-hour-recalls-and-diet-records-compared-with-urinary-recovery-and-plasma-concentration-biomarkers-findings-for-women
#6
Changzheng Yuan, Donna Spiegelman, Eric B Rimm, Bernard A Rosner, Meir J Stampfer, Junaidah B Barnett, Jorge E Chavarro, Jennifer C Rood, Lisa J Harnack, Laura K Sampson, Walter C Willett
The authors evaluated the performance of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ), web-based 24-hour recalls (ASA24s), and 7-day dietary records (7DDRs) compared to biomarkers among 627 women in Women's Lifestyle Validation Study (US, 2010-2012). Two paper SFFQs, one web-based SFFQ, four ASA24s (beta version), two 7DDRs, four 24-hour urine samples, one doubly-labeled water (repeated among 76 participants), and two fasting blood samples were collected over a 15-months-period. Dietary variables evaluated were energy, energy-adjusted intakes of protein, sodium, potassium, and specific fatty acids, carotenoids, α-tocopherol, retinol and folate...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036280/invited-commentary-sex-race-differences-in-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-achieving-the-promise-of-sex-and-race-subgroup-analyses-in-epidemiologic-research
#7
Nathalie Moise, Alain G Bertoni
Diabetes confers a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in women than men. The reasons for these sex differences, such as poorer cardiovascular risk factor profiles, have received considerable attention. However, a recent report on sex-diabetes interactions on cardiovascular disease identified that few if any prior studies have confirmed these sex-differences in blacks, despite known diabetes-related disparities. In the current issue of the Journal, George et al. (2017) find marginally significant multiplicative sex by diabetes interactions in blacks but not whites after adjustments for traditional and behavioral risk factors, competing risk and change in diabetes status over time...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036606/socioeconomic-status-and-childhood-cancer-incidence-a-population-based-multilevel-analysis
#8
Rebecca D Kehm, Logan G Spector, Jenny N Poynter, David M Vock, Theresa L Osypuk
The etiology of childhood cancers remains largely unknown, especially regarding environmental and behavioral risk factors. Unpacking the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and incidence may offer insight into such etiology. We tested associations between SES and childhood cancer incidence in a population-based case-cohort study (source cohort: Minnesota birth registry, 1989-2014). Cases, 0-14 years, were linked from the Minnesota Cancer Surveillance System to birth records through probabilistic record linkage...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036569/opportunities-for-epidemiologists-in-implementation-science-a-primer
#9
Gila Neta, Ross C Brownson, David A Chambers
The field of epidemiology has been defined as the study of the spread and control of disease. However, epidemiology frequently focuses on studies of etiology and distribution of disease at the cost of understanding the best ways to control disease. Moreover, only a small fraction of scientific discoveries is translated into public health practice, and the process from discovery to translation is exceedingly slow. Given the importance of translational science, the future of epidemiologic training should include competency in implementation science, whose goal is to rapidly move evidence into practice...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036483/a-decade-of-war-prospective-trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-deployed-us-military-personnel-and-the-influence-of-combat-exposure
#10
Carrie J Donoho, George A Bonanno, Ben Porter, Lauren Kearney, Teresa M Powell
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric disorder among service members and veterans. The clinical course of PTSD varies across individuals, and patterns of symptom development have yet to be clearly delineated. Previous studies have been limited by convenience sampling, short follow-up periods, and inability to account for combat-related trauma. To determine the trajectories of PTSD symptoms among deployed military personnel with and without combat exposure, we used data from a population-based representative sample of 8,178 US service members participating in the Millennium Cohort Study from 2001-2011...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036485/economic-conditions-during-pregnancy-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-among-singleton-live-births-in-the-united-states-1990-2013
#11
Claire E Margerison-Zilko, Yu Li, Zhehui Luo
We know little about the relationship between the macroeconomy and birth outcomes, in part due to the methodological challenge of distinguishing effects of economic conditions on fetal health from effects of economic conditions on selection into live birth. We examined associations between state-level unemployment rates in the first 2 trimesters of pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes, using natality data on singleton live births in the United States during 1990-2013. We used fixed-effect logistic regression models and accounted for selection by adjusting for state-level unemployment before conception and maternal characteristics associated with both selection and birth outcomes...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036565/long-term-risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-stroke-and-death-with-outpatient-use-of-clarithromycin-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Andrew D Mosholder, Joo-Yeon Lee, Esther H Zhou, Elizabeth M Kang, Mayurika Ghosh, Rima Izem, Jacqueline M Major, David J Graham
This retrospective cohort study of subjects enrolled in the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink from 2000-2013 evaluated long-term risks of death, stroke, and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in adults prescribed clarithromycin. Subjects were outpatients aged 40-85 years prescribed clarithromycin, doxycycline, or erythromycin (287,748, 267,729, and 442,999 patients, respectively), or H. pylori eradication therapy with a proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, and either clarithromycin (27,639 patients) or metronidazole (14,863 patients)...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036443/the-association-of-perceived-mental-stress-sense-of-purpose-in-life-and-negative-life-events-with-the-risk-of-incident-herpes-zoster-and-postherpetic-neuralgia-the-shez-study
#13
Yukiko Takao, Yoshinobu Okuno, Yasuko Mori, Hideo Asada, Koichi Yamanishi, Hiroyasu Iso
This population-based prospective study examined the relationships of perceived mental stress, sense of purpose in life, and negative life events to the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). The data were collected from 12,359 participants (aged ≥50 years old in Shozu County, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan) who answered a self-completed health questionnaire. During a 3-year follow-up between December 2008 and November 2012, HZ and PHN were diagnosed in 400 and 79 subjects, respectively...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036268/breast-cancer-estrogen-receptor-by-biological-generation-us-black-white-women-born-1915-1979
#14
Nancy Krieger, Jaquelyn L Jahn, Pamela D Waterman, Jarvis T Chen
Evidence suggests contemporary population distributions of breast cancer estrogen receptor (ER) status may be shaped by earlier major societal events, such as the 1965 abolition of Jim Crow (legal racial discrimination in the US) and the Great Famine in China (1959-1961). We accordingly analyzed changes in ER status in relation to Jim Crow birth place among the 46,417 black and 339,830 white US-born non-Hispanic women in the 13 SEER Registry Group who were born between 1915 and 1979 and diagnosed (age 25-84, inclusive) between 1992-2012...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020301/response-to-aje-00666-2017-time-spent-commuting-to-work-and-mental-health-evidence-from-13-waves-of-an-australian-cohort-study-letter-to-the-editor
#15
A Milner, H Badland, A Kavanagh, A D LaMontagne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020297/re-time-spent-commuting-to-work-and-mental-health-evidence-from-13-waves-of-an-australian-cohort-study
#16
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020131/data-adaptive-estimation-for-double-robust-methods-in-population-based-cancer-epidemiology-risk-differences-for-lung-cancer-mortality-by-emergency-presentation
#17
Miguel Angel Luque-Fernandez, Aurélien Belot, Linda Valeri, Giovanni Ceruli, Camille Maringe, Bernard Rachet
We propose a structural framework for population-based cancer epidemiology and evaluate the performance of double-robust estimators for a binary exposure in cancer mortality. We performed numerical analyses to study the bias and efficiency of these estimators. Furthermore, we compared two different model selection strategies based on 1) the Akaike and Bayesian Information Criteria and 2) machine-learning algorithms, and illustrated double-robust estimators' performance in a real setting. In simulations with correctly specified models and near-positivity violations, all but the naïve estimators presented relatively good performance...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020130/the-association-between-tobacco-smoking-and-atherosclerotic-plaques-in-the-carotid-artery-is-partly-mediated-by-cadmium-exposure
#18
Eva M Andersson, Björn Fagerberg, Gerd Sallsten, Yan Borné, Bo Hedblad, Gunnar Engström, Lars Barregard
Exposure to cadmium confers increased cardiovascular risk. Tobacco smoke contains cadmium, which, hypothetically, may mediate parts of the tobacco-associated risk of developing atherosclerotic plaques. Baseline data from the Swedish Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort (1991-1996) were used to test this hypothesis. Mediation analysis was used to examine associations between smoking and blood cadmium levels, and prevalence of ultrasound-assessed carotid atherosclerotic plaques. The total association with smoking status (never-smokers, two categories of ex-smokers, and current smokers) was split into direct and indirect association and the proportion mediated was estimated...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020129/maternal-pre-pregnancy-bmi-gestational-weight-gain-and-daughter-s-age-at-menarche-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#19
Rebecca B Lawn, Debbie A Lawlor, Abigail Fraser
Earlier puberty and menarcheal age are associated with adverse health outcomes. Reported associations of maternal adiposity with daughters' menarcheal age are inconsistent. We examined associations between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG), and daughters' age at menarche (n = 3,935), pubarche (Tanner stage 2 for pubic hair) and thelarche (Tanner stage 2 for breast development) (n = 2,942) in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a UK prospective pregnancy cohort (baseline 1991-1992)...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020141/best-practices-for-gauging-evidence-of-causality-in-air-pollution-epidemiology
#20
Francesca Dominici, Corwin Zigler
The contentious political climate surrounding air pollution regulations has brought some researchers and policy makers to argue that evidence of causality is necessary for more stringent regulations. Recently, an increasing number of air pollution studies purport the use of "causal analysis," generating the impression that studies not explicitly labeled as such are merely "associational" and therefore less rigorous. Using three prominent air pollution studies as examples, we review good practices for how to critically evaluate the extent to which an air pollution study provides evidence of causality...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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