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American Journal of Emergency Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427783/a-trade-off-relationship-between-chest-compression-depth-and-chest-wall-recoil-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#1
Je Hyeok Oh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416265/comparison-of-outcomes-for-pediatric-paraphimosis-reduction-using-topical-anesthetic-versus-intravenous-procedural-sedation
#2
Brett Burstein, Raphael Paquin
BACKGROUND: Paraphimosis is an acute urologic emergency requiring urgent manual reduction, frequently necessitating procedural sedation (PS) in the pediatric population. The present study sought to compare outcomes among pediatric patients undergoing paraphimosis reduction using a novel topical anesthetic (TA) technique versus PS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients <18years old, presenting to a tertiary pediatric ED requiring analgesia for paraphimosis reduction between October 2013 and September 2016...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427784/prehospital-removal-improves-neurological-outcomes-in-elderly-patient-with-foreign-body-airway-obstruction
#3
Yutaka Igarashi, Shoji Yokobori, Yudai Yoshino, Tomohiko Masuno, Masato Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Yokota
OBJECTIVE: In Japan, the number of patients with foreign body airway obstruction by food is rapidly increasing with the increase in the population of the elderly and a leading cause of unexpected death. This study aimed to determine the factors that influence prognosis of these patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective single institutional study. A total of 155 patients were included. We collected the variables from the medical records and analyzed them to determine the factors associated with patient outcome...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427782/prospective-study-of-a-non-restrictive-decision-rule-for-acute-aortic-syndrome
#4
Judah Goldschmiedt, Jeffrey M Levsky, Eran Y Bellin, Esther Mizrachi, David Esses, Linda B Haramati
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of a non-restrictive clinical decision rule on CT utilization for Emergency Department patients suspected of having an acute aortic syndrome (AAS). METHODS: We prospectively assessed the performance of a previously described, collaboratively designed, non-restrictive clinical decision rule for AAS. Emergency Department patients with suspected AAS were stratified into low and high-risk groups based on decision rule results, from July 2013-August 2014...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410920/potential-drug-interaction-with-opioid-agonist-in-the-setting-of-chronic-low-dose-opioid-antagonist-use
#5
James B Leonard, Vidya Nair, Christopher J Diaz, Jonathan B Penoyar, Penelope A Goode
Low dose naltrexone (LDN) has been evaluated in several small studies for the treatment of inflammatory conditions. It is thought to work through modulation of inflammatory mediators and upregulation of endogenous opioid receptors. This may hypersensitize patients to exogenous opioids. Drug-drug interaction screening tools built into electronic health records and other services identify the interaction as risk of opioid withdrawal rather than hypersensitivity. We present a case of a drug-drug interaction in a patient who was receiving LDN treatment of multiple sclerosis...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410917/the-relative-contribution-of-provider-and-ed-level-factors-to-variation-among-the-top-15-reasons-for-ed-admission
#6
Imad Khojah, Suhui Li, Qian Luo, Griffin Davis, Jessica E Galarraga, Michael Granovsky, Ori Litvak, Samuel Davis, Robert Shesser, Jesse M Pines
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We examine adult emergency department (ED) admission rates for the top 15 most frequently admitted conditions, and assess the relative contribution in admission rate variation attributable to the provider and hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study of ED encounters (≥18years) from 19 EDs and 603 providers (January 2012-December 2013), linked to the Area Health Resources File for county-level information on healthcare resources...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404214/comparing-performance-of-macintosh-and-intubrite-laryngoscopes-for-intubation
#7
Jin-Hua Jin, Fu-Shan Xue, Hui-Xian Li, Ya-Yang Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413123/caution-using-the-new-no-pain-no-gain-approach
#8
Jared Strote
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408052/reply-to-caution-using-the-new-no-pain-no-gain-approach
#9
Reuben J Strayer, Sergey M Motov, Lewis S Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416266/removing-default-dispense-quantity-from-opioid-prescriptions-in-the-electronic-medical-record
#10
Michael D Zwank, Shaun M Kennedy, Logan H Stuck, Bradley D Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404216/lung-ultrasonography-to-diagnose-pneumothorax-of-the-newborn
#11
Jing Liu, Jing-Han Chi, Xiao-Ling Ren, Jie Li, Ya-Juan Chen, Zu-Lin Lu, Ying Liu, Wei Fu, Rong-Ming Xia
OBJECTIVE: To explore the reliability and accuracy of lung ultrasound for diagnosing neonatal pneumothorax. METHODS: This study was divided into two phases. (1) In the first phase, from January 2013 to June 2015, 40 patients with confirmed pneumothorax had lung ultrasound examinations performed to identify the sonographic characteristics of neonatal pneumothorax. (2) In the second phase, from July 2015 to August 2016, lung ultrasound was undertaken on 50 newborn infants with severe lung disease who were suspected of having pneumothorax, to evaluate the sonographic accuracy and reliability to diagnose pneumothorax...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404215/performance-of-an-outpatient-stress-testing-protocol-for-low-risk-chest-pain-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#12
Jessica R Balderston, Taruna Aurora, Michael C Kontos, Richard Zhang, Zachary M Gertz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390833/successful-treatment-of-propafenone-induced-cardiac-arrest-by-calcium-gluconate-a-case-report
#13
Xiaoyu Chen, Zaixing Yang
Propafenone is prescribed for the control of cardiac ventricular arrhythmias. Poisoning from propafenone intoxication is rare, but the survival rate of patients is low. We present a case of a 37-year-old man who developed cardiac arrest due to propafenone intoxication. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, plasmapheresis, and other medical treatments had no effect on cardiac arrest. After repeated administrations of calcium gluconate, the patient achieved a full recovery. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in which a full recovery from cardiac arrest was achieved by administration of calcium gluconate...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385480/erratum-to-real-time-tidal-volume-feedback-guides-optimal-ventilation-during-simulated-cpr-am-j-emerg-med-35-2-2017-292-29
#14
Kyoung Min You, Chiwon Lee, Woon Yong Kwon, Jung Chan Lee, Gil Joon Suh, Kyung Su Kim, Min Ji Park, Sungwan Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412161/the-effect-of-the-apneic-period-on-the-respiratory-physiology-of-patients-undergoing-intubation-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Jason R West, Anthony Scoccimarro, Cody Kramer, Nicholas D Caputo
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the physiological impact the apneic period has on the respiratory physiology of patients undergoing intubation in the emergency department and whether DAO, the delivery of 15L oxygen by nasal cannula during apnea, can affect the development of respiratory acidosis. METHODS: This was a prospective observational cohort study conducted at an urban academic level 1 trauma center. A convenience sample of 100 patients was taken. Timed data collection forms were completed during the periintubation period...
April 2, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400069/diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-novel-software-technology-for-detecting-pneumothorax-in-a-porcine-model
#16
Shane M Summers, Eric J Chin, Michael D April, Ronald D Grisell, Joshua A Lospinoso, Bijan S Kheirabadi, Jose Salinas, Lorne H Blackbourne
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to measure the diagnostic accuracy of a novel software technology to detect pneumothorax on Brightness (B) mode and Motion (M) mode ultrasonography. METHODS: Ultrasonography fellowship-trained emergency physicians performed thoracic ultrasonography at baseline and after surgically creating a pneumothorax in eight intubated, spontaneously breathing porcine subjects. Prior to pneumothorax induction, we captured sagittal M-mode still images and B-mode videos of each intercostal space with a linear array transducer at 4cm of depth...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400068/intracranial-complications-after-minor-head-injury-mhi-in-patients-taking-vitamin-k-antagonists-vka-or-direct-oral-anticoagulants-doacs
#17
Alessandro Riccardi, Beatrice Spinola, Pierangela Minuto, Maria Ghinatti, Grazia Guiddo, Michele Malerba, Roberto Lerza
INTRODUCTION: The correlation between chronic direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) intake and the incidence of intracranial complications after minor head injury (MHI) is still not well defined. This study examined the incidence of complications in patients receiving vitamin K antagonists (VKA) or DOACs observed in the emergency department (ED) for MHI. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-five patients affected by MHI and receiving oral anticoagulants were recorded between January and December 2016, distinguishing those treated with VKA (118) from those receiving DOACs (107)...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390834/coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-for-ruling-out-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-chest-pain-ct
#18
Ricarda Hinzpeter, Kai Higashigaito, Fabian Morsbach, David Benz, Robert Manka, Burkhardt Seifert, Dagmar I Keller, Hatem Alkadhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392084/analysis-of-interventions-of-polish-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-in-pediatric-patients-due-to-poisoning
#19
LETTER
Robert Galazkowski, Daniel Celinski, Lukasz Szarpak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385479/opportunity-to-reduce-transfer-of-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-intracranial-hemorrhage-to-a-level-1-trauma-center
#20
Brian J Yun, Benjamin A White, H Benjamin Harvey, Anand M Prabhakar, Jonathan D Sonis, McKinley Glover, Emily Vallillo, Sun Choi, Pierre Borczuk, Ali S Raja
OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines do not address the disposition of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and resultant intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Emergency medicine clinicians working in hospitals without neurosurgery coverage typically transfer patients with both to a trauma center with neurosurgery capability. Evidence is accruing which demonstrates that the risk of neurologic decompensation depends on the type of ICH and as a result, not every patient may need to be transferred...
March 30, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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