journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AIDS Patient Care and STDs

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783374/hiv-and-cognitive-impairment-in-clinical-practice-the-evaluation-of-a-stepwise-screening-protocol-in-relation-to-clinical-outcomes-and-management
#1
Charlotte S Hakkers, Jordan M Kraaijenhof, Esther B van Oers-Hazelzet, Anne J M A Visser-Meily, Andy I M Hoepelman, Joop E Arends, Roos E Barth
Neurocognitive impairment (NCI) is an increasingly important comorbidity in an ageing HIV+ population. Despite the lack of available treatment modalities, screening for NCI is recommended. In the UMC Utrecht, yearly NCI screening is done using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) tool and the HIV Dementia Scale (HDS). The aim of this study was to evaluate this screening protocol in relation to clinical outcomes and management. A retrospective cohort study was performed in suppressed adult HIV+ patients...
August 7, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771023/relationship-between-single-tablet-antiretroviral-regimen-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-and-non-antiretroviral-medications-among-veterans-affairs-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#2
Jenna Yager, John Faragon, Liam McGuey, Adam Hoye-Simek, Zachary Hecox, Steven Sullivan, Stefanie Neubert, Nimish Patel
Several antiretrovirals (ART) have been coformulated as single tablet regimens (STR). Study objectives were to compare ART and non-ART adherence between STR and multiple tablet regimens (MTR) recipients, determine whether STR independently predicts ART adherence, and determine whether ART adherence influences non-ART adherence. A retrospective cohort study was performed among Upstate New York Veterans' Healthcare Administration (VISN-2) patients from 2000 to 2013. Inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, receipt of ≥3 ART medications for ≥3 months, and available pharmacy refill records...
August 3, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891717/longitudinal-viral-suppression-among-a-cohort-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-behaviorally-acquired-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#3
Sarah M Wood, Elizabeth Lowenthal, Susan Lee, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Nadia Dowshen
Youth living with HIV (YLWH) are less likely than older adults to achieve and sustain viral suppression. While treatment guidelines recommend decreased viral load (VL) monitoring in individuals with well-controlled HIV, the appropriateness of this strategy for adolescents is unknown. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to describe longitudinal viral suppression and identify incidence of, and risk factors for, virologic failure among YLWH at a US adolescent HIV clinic from 2002 to 2015. We utilized Cox proportional hazards modeling to compare hazard ratios (HRs) for virologic failure stratified by baseline characteristics...
September 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891716/implementation-of-a-county-township-village-allied-hiv-prevention-and-control-intervention-in-rural-china
#4
Jun Yu, Yi Zhang, Junjun Jiang, Qinglin Lu, Bingyu Liang, Deping Liu, Keyong Fang, Jiegang Huang, Yang He, Chuanyi Ning, Yanyan Liao, Jingzhen Lai, Wudi Wei, Fengxiang Qin, Li Ye, Wenkui Geng, Hao Liang
In China, rural areas are a weak link of HIV/AIDS prevention and control. From September 2011, an innovative "county-township-village" allied intervention was implemented in Longzhou County, Guangxi, which assigned the tasks of HIV/AIDS prevention and control to the county Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), township hospitals, and village clinics, respectively, instead of traditional intervention in which the county CDC undertook the entire work. A 6-year consecutive cross-sectional survey, including 3-year traditional intervention (2009-2011) and 3-year innovative intervention (2012-2014), was conducted to evaluate the effects of the new intervention...
September 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891715/-where-it-falls-apart-barriers-to-retention-in-hiv-care-in-latino-immigrants-and-migrants
#5
Julie H Levison, Laura M Bogart, Iman F Khan, Dianna Mejia, Hortensia Amaro, Margarita Alegría, Steven Safren
Latino immigrants in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV. Barriers to consistent attendance (retention) in HIV primary care constrain opportunities for HIV treatment success, but have not been specifically assessed in this population. We conducted semistructured interviews with 37 HIV-infected Latinos (aged ≥18 years and born in Puerto Rico or a Latin American Spanish-speaking country) and 14 HIV providers in metropolitan Boston (total n = 51). The Andersen Model of Healthcare Utilization informed a semistructured interview guide, which bilingual research staff used to explore barriers to HIV care...
September 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753396/young-men-s-disclosure-of-same-sex-behaviors-to-healthcare-providers-and-the-impact-on-health-results-from-a-us-national-sample-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#6
Nathan W Stupiansky, Adrian Liau, Joshua Rosenberger, Susan L Rosenthal, Wanzhu Tu, Shan Xiao, Holly Fontenot, Gregory D Zimet
Many men who have sex with men (MSM) do not disclose their same sex behaviors to healthcare providers (HCPs). We used a series of logistic regression models to explore a conceptual framework that first identified predictors of disclosure to HCPs among young MSM (YMSM), and subsequently examined young men's disclosure of male-male sexual behaviors to HCPs as a mediator between sociodemographic and behavioral factors and three distinct health outcomes [HIV testing, sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing, and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination]...
August 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753395/neurocognitive-impairment-in-a-chronically-well-suppressed-hiv-infected-population-the-dutch-trevi-cohort-study
#7
Lennert W J van den Dries, Marlies N Wagener, Lize C Jiskoot, Merel Visser, Kevin R Robertson, Kirsten S Adriani, Eric C M van Gorp
We assessed the value of screening for cognitive abnormalities in a chronically infected HIV population (N = 388) and investigated the association with clinical correlates. The mean age was 48 years (±11), the majority of the patients were male (89%), the median duration of infection was 6 years [interquartile range (IQR) = 2-12], the median CD count was 600 (IQR = 450-780), and 326 (84%) had a viral load below 200 copies/mL. Screening for cognitive complaints was applied using the three Simioni questions and the international HIV dementia scale (iHDS)...
August 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719229/experiences-using-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-safer-conception-among-hiv-serodiscordant-heterosexual-couples-in-the-united-states
#8
Angela R Bazzi, Ashley A Leech, Dea L Biancarelli, Meg Sullivan, Mari-Lynn Drainoni
Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a promising HIV prevention strategy for HIV serodiscordant couples (HIV-infected male, uninfected female) seeking safer conception. However, most research on PrEP for safer conception has focused on couples in sub-Saharan Africa; little is known about the perspectives or experiences of heterosexual couples in the United States. We conducted qualitative interviews with six couples (six women and five of their male partners) receiving PrEP for conception services at an urban safety net hospital in the US Northeast...
August 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719226/learned-helplessness-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-african-american-females
#9
Laura Pittiglio
Research involving adolescent and young African American (AA) females has demonstrated that they face uncontrollable obstacles which can interfere with the negotiation of safer sexual behaviors. If these obstacles are perceived as uncontrollable, then these females may be at risk for the development of Learned Helplessness (LH). As the LH model predicts, if these obstacles are believed not to be in their control, it may lead to deficits in motivational or cognitive decision-making, deficits that could certainly influence their sexual risk taking behaviors...
August 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650703/program-implementation-of-option-b-at-a-president-s-emergency-plan-for-aids-relief-supported-hiv-clinic-improves-clinical-indicators-but-not-retention-in-care-in-mbarara-uganda
#10
Kathleen Miller, Winnie Muyindike, Lynn T Matthews, Michael Kanyesigye, Mark J Siedner
2013 WHO guidelines for prevention of mother to child transmission recommend combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all pregnant women, regardless of CD4 count (Option B/B+). We conducted a retrospective analysis of data from a government-operated HIV clinic in Mbarara, Uganda before and after implementation of Option B+ to assess the impact on retention in care. We limited our analysis to women not on ART at the time of their first reported pregnancy with CD4 count >350. We fit regression models to estimate relationships between calendar period (Option A vs...
August 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628349/evaluation-of-a-client-centered-linkage-intervention-for-patients-newly-diagnosed-with-hiv-at-an-urban-united-states-lgbt-center-the-linkage-to-care-specialist-project
#11
Jesse Bendetson, Rhodri Dierst-Davies, Risa Flynn, Matthew R Beymer, Amy R Wohl, K Rivet Amico, Robert K Bolan
Linkage to care (LTC) is a key element of the HIV care continuum, and a crucial bridge from testing and diagnosis to receipt of antiretroviral therapies and viral suppression. In 2012, the Los Angeles LGBT Center hired a full-time LTC specialist (LTC-S), who developed a unique client-centered approach to LTC. This single-arm demonstration project was designed to systematically evaluate the LTC-S intervention. Individuals who were newly diagnosed with HIV between March 2014 and September 2015 were eligible for enrollment...
July 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590778/accounts-for-unprotected-sex-with-partners-met-online-from-heterosexual-men-and-women-from-large-us-metropolitan-areas
#12
Karolynn Siegel, Étienne Meunier, Helen-Maria Lekas
For about 30 years, soon after the onset of the AIDS epidemic, sexual-health messaging has emphasized personal responsibility for using condoms to protect from acquiring or transmitting HIV or other sexually transmitted infections. Those who did not use condoms during casual sexual encounters may therefore feel compelled to offer to others aware of their behavior what sociologists have called "accounts," an impression-management strategy to avoid unfavorable judgment. We analyzed accounts-excuses and justifications-from qualitative interviews with 150 adults who had unprotected sex in the past 3 months with at least two different partners met online (ages 18-50, mean: 33...
July 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581820/barriers-and-facilitators-to-hiv-testing-among-zambian-female-sex-workers-in-three-transit-hubs
#13
Michael M Chanda, Amaya G Perez-Brumer, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Nyambe Kamungoma, Catherine Kanchele, Andrew Fullem, Leah Barresi, Till Bärnighausen, Catherine E Oldenburg
Zambia has a generalized HIV epidemic, and HIV is concentrated along transit routes. Female sex workers (FSWs) are disproportionately affected by the epidemic. HIV testing is the crucial first step for engagement in HIV care and HIV prevention activities. However, to date little work has been done with FSWs in Zambia, and little is known about barriers and facilitators to HIV testing in this population. FSW peer educators were recruited through existing sex worker organizations for participation in a trial related to HIV testing among FSWs...
July 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574774/differing-experiences-with-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-in-boston-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-specialists-and-generalists-in-primary-care-implications-for-scale-up
#14
Douglas S Krakower, Norma C Ware, Kevin M Maloney, Ira B Wilson, John B Wong, Kenneth H Mayer
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one in four sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM) could decrease their HIV risk by using HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Because many MSM access healthcare from primary care providers (PCPs), these clinicians could play an important role in providing access to PrEP. Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 31 PCPs in Boston, MA, to explore how they approach decisions about prescribing PrEP to MSM and their experiences with PrEP provision...
July 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605228/sexual-assault-and-hiv-postexposure-prophylaxis-at-an-urban-african-hospital
#15
Eric Munene Muriuki, Joshua Kimani, Zipporah Machuki, James Kiarie, Alison C Roxby
Antiretroviral postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) may be underutilized in sexual assault cases in Kenya. This study evaluated the characteristics of survivors of sexual violence attending the Gender-Based Violence Recovery Center (GBVRC) at the Kenyatta National Hospital and reviewed the uptake, adherence, and outcomes of those initiated on PEP. In a retrospective cohort, data from charts of the assaulted seen at the GBVRC from 2009 to 2012 were abstracted. Data were collected describing sociodemographic characteristics, nature of sexual assault, HIV serostatus, and aspects of the PEP care cascade...
June 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605227/a-qualitative-study-of-means-to-improve-partner-notification-after-an-hiv-diagnosis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-australia
#16
Jane E Tomnay, Alana Hulme-Chambers, Jade Bilardi, Christopher K Fairley, Sarah Huffam, Marcus Y Chen
Improved partner notification (PN) after HIV diagnosis could help control HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM). However, there is little evidence exploring what this experience is like for Australian MSM and how achievable it is in the era of the Internet and smartphones. Fifteen of 39 invited MSM recently diagnosed with HIV undertook a semistructured interview about PN. Interviews were thematically analyzed using a combined deductive/inductive approach. Three main themes arose: fear of PN and HIV disclosure, partners' unexpected reactions, and the need for more patient support...
June 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530499/the-duality-of-oral-sex-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-an-examination-into-the-increase-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-amid-the-age-of-hiv-prevention
#17
Tiffany R Glynn, Don Operario, Madeline Montgomery, Alexi Almonte, Philip A Chan
Several studies suggest that the increase in sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) could be due, in part, to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk reduction strategies, which include engaging in oral sex over anal sex. The aims of this study were to evaluate oral sex behaviors and STI diagnoses and to investigate the potential dual role of oral sex as being protective for HIV, yet perpetuating STI transmission among MSM. We analyzed records from 871 MSM presenting to the Rhode Island STI Clinic between 2012 and 2015...
June 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530494/review-anal-intraepithelial-neoplasia-in-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-is-screening-and-treatment-justified
#18
Peter Wasserman, David S Rubin, Glenn Turett
Anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the fourth most prevalent cancer in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men who have sex with men (MSM). Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been detected in over 90% of anal carcinoma biopsy specimens from MSM, and is considered a necessary, but alone, insufficient factor for carcinogenesis. Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) may be precursive for SCC, and screening cytology with referral of persons with abnormality for high-resolution anoscopy-guided biopsy, and AIN treatment, has been recommended for prevention...
June 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530444/real-world-strategies-to-engage-and-retain-racial-ethnic-minority-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hiv-prevention-services
#19
Thomas E Freese, Howard Padwa, Brandy T Oeser, Beth A Rutkowski, Marya T Schulte
Racial/ethnic minority young men who have sex with men (YMSM)-particularly African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos-are at particularly high risk for HIV infection. Devising strategies to improve engagement and retention in HIV prevention services among minority YMSM is critical if the United States is going to achieve the National HIV/AIDS Strategy goal of reducing HIV health-related disparities. This article presents findings from a national summit on racial/ethnic YMSM services convened by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration-funded Center of Excellence on Racial and Ethnic Minority Young Men Who Have Sex with Men and Other Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations (YMSM + LGBT CoE) in September 2015...
June 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514193/90-90-90-plus-maintaining-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapies
#20
Inge B Corless, Alex J Hoyt, Lynda Tyer-Viola, Elizabeth Sefcik, Jeanne Kemppainen, William L Holzemer, Lucille Sanzero Eller, Kathleen Nokes, J Craig Phillips, Carol Dawson-Rose, Marta Rivero-Mendez, Scholastika Iipinge, Puangtip Chaiphibalsarisdi, Carmen J Portillo, Wei-Ti Chen, Allison R Webel, John Brion, Mallory O Johnson, Joachim Voss, Mary Jane Hamilton, Kathleen M Sullivan, Kenn M Kirksey, Patrice K Nicholas
Medication adherence is the "Plus" in the global challenge to have 90% of HIV-infected individuals tested, 90% of those who are HIV positive treated, and 90% of those treated achieve an undetectable viral load. The latter indicates viral suppression, the goal for clinicians treating people living with HIV (PLWH). The comparative importance of different psychosocial scales in predicting the level of antiretroviral adherence, however, has been little studied. Using data from a cross-sectional study of medication adherence with an international convenience sample of 1811 PLWH, we categorized respondent medication adherence as None (0%), Low (1-60%), Moderate (61-94%), and High (95-100%) adherence based on self-report...
May 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
journal
journal
20007
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"