journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acta Paediatrica

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786149/national-survey-found-that-managing-childhood-nephrotic-syndrome-in-nigeria-varied-widely-and-did-not-comply-with-the-best-evidence
#1
Christopher I Esezobor, Adanze O Asinobi, Henrietta U Okafor, Rosamund Akuse, Rasheed Gbadegesin
AIM: This study explored any variations in managing childhood nephrotic syndrome between specialist centres in Nigeria and how closely the care reflected the best available evidence. METHODS: In 2016 the heads of Nigerian paediatric nephrology units were asked to complete a study questionnaire that focused on managing nephrotic syndrome. RESULTS: Of the 31 clinicians we approached, 81% returned the completed questionnaire. The majority (64%) had received paediatric nephrology training and 40% had practised for at least 10 years...
May 22, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786145/pilot-study-demonstrates-that-placental-histology-can-provide-an-additional-tool-for-diagnosing-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis
#2
J M A Ykema, E J D'Haens, M Havenith, J van Eyck, R A van Lingen, M A C Hemels
AIM: We explored whether placental histology could help to diagnose early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS), guide clinical decision-making 48 hours after birth and reduce antibiotic use. METHODS: This study comprised 109 infants born at less than 32 weeks of gestation, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Isala, Zwolle, The Netherlands, between January 2013 and December 2013. EONS was defined as clinical symptoms plus raised serial C-reactive protein >10 mg/L and a positive (proven EONS) or a negative (suspected EONS) blood culture...
May 22, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782665/dietitian-visits-were-a-safe-and-cost-effective-form-of-follow-up-care-for-children-with-celiac-disease
#3
Karolina Johansson, Elin Malmberg Hård Af Segerstad, Helena Mårtensson, Daniel Agardh
AIM: This study compared follow-up protocols for paediatric celiac disease led by either paediatricians or dieticians at Swedish university hospitals. METHODS: We followed 363 celiac disease patients under 18 years at the university hospitals in Malmö (n=140) and Lund (n=79) between 2011-2013 and after they merged to become Skåne (n=144) between 2014-2016. Both Lund and Malmö provided regular paediatrician follow-up visits, while Skåne provided mainly dietitian-led visits...
May 21, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782663/prospective-study-confirms-that-bronchiolitis-in-early-infancy-increases-the-risk-of-reduced-lung-function-at-10-13-years-of-age
#4
Riikka Riikonen, Eero Lauhkonen, Sari Törmänen, Katri Backman, Petri Koponen, Merja Helminen, Kirsi Nuolivirta, Matti Korppi
AIM: This study evaluated children hospitalised for bronchiolitis at less than six months of age to see if they had reduced lung function in early adolescence. METHODS: We have prospectively followed 166 children hospitalised for infant bronchiolitis in 2001-2004 at Tampere University Hospital, Finland. At 10-13 years of age, flow-volume spirometry was measured in 89 cases and 108 controls without infant bronchiolitis from the local population register. Parameters of flow-volume spirometry before and after bronchodilation were analysed...
May 21, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782063/intrapleural-streptokinase-was-effective-and-safe-for-children-with-multi-loculated-empyema-regardless-of-the-time-from-disease-onset
#5
Joseph L Mathew, Vimlesh Soni, Meenu Singh, Piyush Mittal, Sunit Singhi, Vikas Gautam, Kushaljit S Sodhi, Jayashree Muralidharan, Pankaj Vaidya
AIM: This study compared the efficacy of administering intrapleural streptokinase to children with multi-loculated empyema within 14 days or at any time after disease onset. METHODS: We studied children under 12 years who were admitted to a teaching hospital in Chandigarh, India, from July 2013 to June 2017 with multi-loculated empyema and received antibiotics, pleural drainage and intrapleural streptokinase. The first group only received three doses within 14 days of disease onset, the second received three doses any time after onset and the third group received 4-6 doses any time after onset...
May 21, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782053/difficulties-in-standardising-growth-monitoring
#6
EDITORIAL
Michael Hermanussen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781554/children-who-face-development-risks-due-to-maternal-addiction-during-pregnancy-require-extra-medical-and-psychosocial-resources
#7
Jenny Rangmar, Maria Lilja, Marie Köhler, Antonia Reuter
AIM: This study examined medical and psychosocial risk factors in children born to women with addiction problems during pregnancy and the children's needs for extra medical and psychosocial resources. METHODS: Swedish midwives routinely screen pregnant women for drugs and alcohol and refer women with addictions to the Maternity and Child Healthcare Resource Team. We investigated the medical records of 127 children (51% girls) whose mothers were referred to the Resource Team from 2009-2015...
May 21, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771465/universal-pneumococcal-vaccination-provides-marked-indirect-beneficial-effects-through-herd-immunity
#8
EDITORIAL
Matti Korppi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754463/intestinal-failure-the-evolving-demographic-and-patient-outcomes-on-home-parenteral-nutrition
#9
Sarah Kate Brown, Natalie Davies, Enda Smyth, Nicky Heather, Caroline Cole, Simon Charles Keys, Robert Mark Beattie, Akshay Batra
AIM: We performed this study to examine and understand the evolving demographics and changing outcomes of intestinal failure, and its implications for healthcare delivery. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective analysis of outcome data of children on home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN), over a 15 year period. RESULTS: 31 patients received HPN, 15 for short bowel syndrome (SBS), 8 neuromuscular disease (NMD) and 8 for other causes. The HPN prevalence increased from 1...
May 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754462/predictors-of-outcome-of-prematurely-born-infants-with-pulmonary-interstitial-emphysema
#10
Emma Williams, Theodore Dassios, Paul Clarke, Olie Chowdhury, Anne Greenough
AIM: To determine how oxygenation, ventilation efficiency and tidal volume requirements changed with the development of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) and whether in affected patients a composite gas exchange index predicted death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). METHODS: Infants who developed PIE from 2010 to 2016 were identified. The oxygenation index, ventilation efficiency index, ventilation to perfusion ratio and inspiratory tidal volume were calculated before radiological evidence of PIE (pre-PIE) and at the worst PIE radiographic appearance (PIE-worst)...
May 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754396/the-upper-pouch-in-oesophageal-atresia-shows-proportional-growth-during-late-fetal-life
#11
R B Tröbs, M Nissen, J Wald
Oesophageal atresia with trachea-oesophageal fistula is a rare foregut malformation that requires surgery soon after birth. Prenatal ultrasound diagnosis is based on the presence of polyhydramnios, a small or non-visible fetal stomach and the blind ending oesophagus, called the upper pouch (1). Neonates present with salivation, coughing, choking and attacks of cyanosis. A diagnosis of oesophageal atresia is confirmed by inserting a nasogastric tube and a thoraco-abdominal X-ray. This article is protected by copyright...
May 12, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752820/elevated-anti-tissue-transglutaminase-antibodies-in-children-newly-diagnosed-with-type-1-diabetes-do-not-always-indicate-celiac-disease
#12
Firas Rinawi, Basel Badarneh, Osama Tanous, Husam Bashir, Yardena Tennenbaum-Rakover, Sarit Peleg
AIM: Elevated levels of anti-tissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) antibody may spontaneously normalise in children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes, even if they eat gluten. The prevalence of this phenomenon, and predictors of a subsequent celiac disease (CD) diagnosis, were determined. METHODS: The medical records of children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at Ha'Emek Medical Centre, Israel, from 2007-2015, were retrospectively reviewed for elevated anti-tTG antibody levels...
May 12, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752817/national-treatment-guidelines-decreased-the-use-of-racemic-adrenaline-for-bronchiolitis-in-four-finnish-university-hospitals
#13
Sauli Palmu, Minna Mecklin, Paula Heikkilä, Katri Backman, Ville Peltola, Marjo Renko, Matti Korppi
AIM: Inhaled racemic adrenaline was used for bronchiolitis in many hospitals in Finland prior to new national current care guidelines for bronchiolitis in 2014, which limited its recommendations to on-demand rescue therapy. We studied the drug's use before and after the new guidelines to gauge changes in prescribing habits. METHODS: This 2012-2016 study analysed how many 0.5 ml doses of racemic adrenaline were used for children by emergency rooms, paediatric wards and paediatric intensive care units at four university hospitals and estimated drug and staff costs...
May 12, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751368/rapid-systematic-review-shows-that-using-a-high-flow-nasal-cannula-is-inferior-to-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-as-first-line-support-in-preterm-neonates
#14
REVIEW
Francesca Conte, Luigi Orfeo, Camilla Gizzi, Luca Massenzi, Salvatore Fasola
AIM: We reviewed using a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) as first-line support for preterm neonates with, or at risk of, respiratory distress. METHODS: This rapid systematic review covered biomedical databases up to June 2017. We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English. The reference lists of the studies and relevant reviews we included were also screened. We performed the study selection, data extraction, study quality assessment, meta-analysis and quality of evidence assessment following the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system...
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751365/the-interplay-between-risk-and-preventive-factors-explains-why-some-children-develop-allergies-to-certain-foods-and-others-show-tolerance
#15
REVIEW
Sami Remes, Petri Kulmala
AIM: A number of studies have clarified the tolerance mechanisms and risk factors for food allergies. Our aim was to explore food allergy symptoms by target organs, together with the risk factors and how to prevent food allergies and induce tolerance. METHODS: We carried out a thorough review of studies on paediatric food allergies published in the last decade. RESULTS: Food allergy symptoms may affect the skin, nasal and oral mucosa, conjunctivae, gastrointestinal tract, or, in severe cases, the respiratory tract and cardiovascular organs...
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751362/low-prevalence-of-palliative-care-and-ethics-consultations-for-children-with-chronic-critical-illness
#16
Renee D Boss, Alison Falck, Naomi Goloff, Nancy Hutton, Alison Miles, Miriam Shapiro, Elliott M Weiss, Pamela K Donohue
Medical advances over the past two decades have increased the numbers of children who survive serious conditions. Mortality from premature birth and genetic syndromes has improved such that more clinicians offer, and more families request, interventions to prolong their child's life. While some interventions promise cure, others result in chronic disease states that require ongoing medical care. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751361/the-behavioral-pediatrics-feeding-assessment-scale-is-a-reliable-and-valid-tool-for-greek-children
#17
Katerina S L T Sdravou, Athanasios Evangeliou, Kyriaki Tentzidou, Fotini Sotiriadou, Eleanna Stasinou, Maria Fotoulaki
Development of normal feeding is a highly complex sensorimotor process that depends upon the integration of neurological maturation, internal motivation and experiential learning (1-3). Disruption of the child's feeding process can lead to feeding problems during infancy and early childhood. One of the most widely used and validated scales for measuring whether a child's feeding problem has clinical significance is the Behavioral Pediatric Feeding Assessment Scale (BPFAS) (4). The objective of this study was to translate the BPFAS into Greek and culturally adapt the scale to evaluate the psychometric properties among the Greek parents of normally developing children...
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751358/vitamin-d-was-not-associated-with-survival-or-cerebrospinal-fluid-cathelicidin-levels-in-children-with-bacterial-meningitis
#18
Okko Savonius, Tuula Pelkonen, Irmeli Roine, Heli Viljakainen, Sture Andersson, Josefina Fernandez, Heikki Peltola, Otto Helve
AIM: Vitamin D deficiency impairs the immunological system and has been associated with worse outcomes of infectious diseases, but its role in bacterial meningitis remains unknown. We investigated whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations related to disease outcomes and to cerebrospinal fluid cathelicidin concentrations in childhood bacterial meningitis. METHODS: All consecutively enrolled patients in a clinical trial on childhood bacterial meningitis in Latin America in 1996-2003 were considered and 142 children, with a median age of seven months who had a confirmed bacterial aetiology and frozen serum available for further analyses, were included in the present study...
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751357/lower-birth-weights-shorter-breastfeeding-and-lack-of-primary-healthcare-contributed-to-higher-pacifier-use-in-a-birth-cohort
#19
R F M Martins, A A S J Lima, C C C Ribeiro, C M C Alves, A A M da Silva, E B A F Thomaz
Pacifier use has been associated with sociodemographic factors, working mothers, girls, less breastfeeding (1-3) and a lower risk of sudden infant death syndrome (4). However, studies have not considered some important perinatal health factors, such as low birth weight, preterm birth and healthcare factors. Pacifiers have been used to stimulate oral functions in low birth weight and preterm birth infants, but the evidence has been inconclusive (5). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750838/gender-disparities-in-preterm-neonatal-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
David N O'Driscoll, Matthew McGovern, Catherine M Greene, Eleanor J Molloy
AIM: From birth to old age, males generally have poorer disease outcomes compared to females. Preterm infants display a marked gender disparity in disease outcomes and the underlying mechanisms are not well delineated. Our aim was to review the literature on clinical outcomes between preterm infants of different genders and discuss the potential mechanisms underlying the differences observed. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken for experimental and clinical research related to gender differences in preterm outcomes...
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
journal
journal
20003
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"