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Acta Paediatrica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341296/the-five-year-survival-of-children-with-down-syndrome-in-norway-1994-2009-differed-by-associated-congenital-heart-defects-and-extracardiac-malformations
#1
Kristoffer Brodwall, Gottfried Greve, Elisabeth Leirgul, Kari Klungsøyr, Henrik Holmstrøm, Stein Emil Vollset, Nina Øyen
AIM: We investigated the prevalence of Down syndrome in a nationwide birth cohort, focusing on congenital heart defects, their associations with extracardiac malformations, and survival. METHODS: National registers were used to identify Norwegian births (1994-2009) and deaths (1994-2014) and updated with hospital diagnoses. We estimated birth defect frequencies in Down syndrome and the general population, the association between heart defects and extracardiac malformations and hazard ratios for death from different combinations of heart defects and extracardiac malformations...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341271/review-shows-that-early-fetal-alcohol-exposure-may-cause-adverse-effects-even-when-the-mother-consumes-low-levels
#2
Ihsan Sarman
AIM: Studies are increasingly focusing on the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on child health. The aim of this review was to provide paediatricians with new insights to help them communicate key messages about avoiding alcohol during pregnancy. METHODS: Inspired by the 7th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, which focused on integrating research, policy and practice, we studied English language papers published since 2010 on how early PAE triggered epigenetic mechanisms that had an impact on the development of some chronic diseases...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341252/painful-procedures-can-affect-postnatal-growth-and-neurodevelopment-in-preterm-infants
#3
Caterina Coviello, Marina Popple Martinez, Livia Drovandi, Corsini Iuri, Valentina Leonardi, Clara Lunardi, Carla Antonelli, Simone Pratesi, Carlo Dani
AIM: This Italian study evaluated whether painful procedures during the first four weeks of life were related to subsequent weight gain, head circumference (HC) and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants, METHODS: We evaluated the number of invasive procedures that infants born at less than 32 weeks of gestational age (GA) underwent in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Careggi Hospital, Florence from January to December 2015. Weight and HC were recorded at birth, 36 weeks of PMA and six and 12 months of CA...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341240/a-case-report-and-literature-review-of-autism-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-paediatric-chronic-pain
#4
Camilla Wiwe Lipsker, Margareta von Heijne, Sven Bölte, Rikard K Wicksell
Psychiatric disorders are common in paediatric patients with chronic pain, but the overall prevalence of comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders is unclear. We report on a case of severe chronic pain in a child with undiagnosed comorbid autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), where significant improvements in pain and function occurred following methylphenidate medication and parental behavioural training. CONCLUSION: The inclusion of behavioural assessment and screening for neurodevelopmental comorbidity may be essential in addressing complex paediatric chronic pain...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341239/interaction-between-healthcare-professionals-and-parents-is-a-key-determinant-of-parental-distress-during-childhood-hospitalisation-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-european-rsv-outcomes-study-eros
#5
Xavier Carbonell-Estrany, Alberto Dall'Agnola, John R Fullarton, Barry S Rodgers-Gray, Elisa Girardi, Alessandro Mussa, Natalia Paniagua, Marta Pieretto, Rosa Rodríguez-Fernandez, Paolo Manzoni
AIM: We characterised the distress that parents experienced when their child was hospitalised for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. METHODS: This survey-based, observational study was conducted during 2014-2015. Meetings were held in Spain and Italy, with 24 parents of RSV hospitalised infants and 11 healthcare professionals experienced in RSV, which identified 110 factors related to parental distress. The resulting questionnaire was completed by another 105 Spanish and Italian parents and 56 healthcare professionals, to assess the impact these factors had on parental distress, using a scale from 0-10 (very unimportant to very important)...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333635/the-changing-relationship-between-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-cognition-in-very-preterm-infants
#6
Jane E Brumbaugh, Tarah T Colaizy, Neel M Patel, Jonathan M Klein
AIM: To characterize the relationship between bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) severity and cognition in the post-surfactant era. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective analysis of a cohort of infants born 2009-2012. Inclusion criteria were: admission within 48 hours of birth, gestational age 22-0/7-31-6/7 weeks, birth weight 400-1500 g, and Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-III testing at 18-26 months corrected age. Infants (n=151) were classified by BPD severity with the NIH Workshop definition...
January 15, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331074/cryopyrin-associated-periodic-syndrome-in-early-childhood-can-be-successfully-treated-with-interleukin-1-blockades
#7
Vesa Eskola, Heini Pohjankoski, Liisa Kröger, Kristiina Aalto, Katariina Latva, Matti Korppi
Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is caused by a mutation in the NLRP3 gene encoding cryopyrin production. Overproduction of interleukin-1 (IL-1) leads to symptoms that are associated with elevated inflammatory markers, including periodic fever and a rash. We provide a clinical overview of CAPS in children, including three Finnish case studies. Conclusion When CAPS has been diagnosed, an IL-1 blockade with biologicals should be introduced to lessen the symptoms and to prevent the progression of organ damage...
January 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331048/dog-bites-in-a-us-county-age-body-part-and-breed-in-pediatric-dog-bites
#8
Sriram Ramgopal, Lauren Bealafeld Brungo, Michael Bykowski, Raymond Pitetti, Robert Hickey
AIM: To compare characteristics of gender, age, body part, and breed in dog bites. METHODS: We reviewed 14,956 dog bites (4,195 pediatric) reported to the Allegehny County Health Department, USA, between 2007-2015. Using pre-defined age groups, we performed linear regression to assess for subject age and bite frequency and used binary logistic regression to evaluate for differences in gender and body part and chi-squared tests with Bonferroni correction to evaluate for differences in reported breeds with age...
January 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319197/playing-music-to-preemies-boosting-of-soothing-the-brain
#9
EDITORIAL
Sampsa Vanhatalo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318658/does-erythropoietin-monotherapy-reduce-mortality-or-moderate-severe-disability-in-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy
#10
Joseph S Bircher, Dmitry Dukhovny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315800/walter-harris-1647-1732-and-his-contribution-to-paediatrics
#11
Konstantinos Laios
Walter Harris (1647-1732) was a very interesting figure in paediatrics during the second half of the 17th century and first half of 18th century. He was born in Gloucester, England, and studied medicine at Bourge, France, in 1675. He continued his medical studies at Cambridge. He became physician in ordinary to Charles II (1630-1685) in 1683 and later to William III (1650-1702), accompanying him to Holland (1). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 8, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315777/parental-education-and-family-income-affect-birth-weight-early-longitudinal-growth-and-body-mass-index-development-differently
#12
Rebecka Bramsved, Susann Regber, Daniel Novak, Kirsten Mehlig, Lauren Lissner, Staffan Mårild
AIM: This study investigated the effects of two parental socioeconomic characteristics, education and income, on the growth and obesity risks of children from birth to eight years of age. METHODS: Longitudinal growth data and national register-based information on socioeconomic characteristics were available for 3,030 Swedish children. The development of body mass index (BMI) and height were compared in groups dichotomised by parental education and income. RESULTS: Low parental education was associated with a higher BMI from four years of age, independent of income, immigrant background, maternal BMI and smoking during pregnancy...
January 7, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315806/five-country-manikin-study-found-that-neonatologists-preferred-using-the-lisacath-rather-than-the-angiocath-for-less-invasive-surfactant-administration
#13
Laura Fabbri, Katrin Klebermass-Schrehof, Marta Aguar, Catherine Harrison, Ewa Gulczyńska, Debora Santoro, Marco Di Castri, Vincent Rigo
AIM: Less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) has been shown to decrease the risk of death and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm neonates. The LISAcath is the first catheter to be specifically developed for LISA and we compared the clinical impressions of neonatologists using the LISAcath and the commonly-used Angiocath in a simulated setting. METHODS: This was a multinational, multicentre study, conducted in October 2016, which involved 39 neonatologists who were recruited by employees of the sponsor from large, well-recognised neonatal intensive care units across Europe...
January 5, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314239/legislation-can-help-children-to-receive-the-support-they-need-to-manage-chronic-health-conditions-like-type-1-diabetes-at-school
#14
EDITORIAL
Gun Forsander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297943/wrapping-preterm-infants-in-cloth-and-newspaper-after-delivery-led-to-higher-temperatures-on-arrival-at-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Nitika Agrawal, Kunal Das, Prachi Patwal, Neerul Pandita, Alpa Gupta
AIM: Neonatal hypothermia is a preventable cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity and wrapping neonates in newspaper sandwiched between cotton sheets is a simple intervention. This 2017 Indian pilot study tested the heat insulating property of sandwiched sheets METHODS: At birth we randomised 100 neonates who were more than 32 weeks of gestation and needed neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) observation or care without a ventilator or bilevel positive airway pressure support into two groups of 50...
January 3, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297940/oral-mucosa-lesions-and-gingival-bleeding-can-indicate-the-progression-of-liver-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-two-to-18-years
#16
Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Ewa Krasuska-Sławińska, Dariusz Gozdowski, Wojciech Kowalczyk, Joanna Pawłowska
AIM: This study assessed correlations between systemic disturbances of paediatric chronic liver diseases (CLD) and oral symptoms in subjects aged 2-18 years. METHODS: It was carried out during outpatient appointments at the Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland, from 2010-2015 and comprised 52 CLD patients with a mean age of 12.3 ±4.6. We also recruited 54 generally healthy controls with a mean age of 12.0 ±3.7 from the Department of Paediatric Dentistry at the Medical University of Warsaw...
January 3, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297936/the-ongoing-challenge-of-meningococcal-disease
#17
EDITORIAL
Hans Fredlund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288532/impaired-cognitive-ability-at-2-5-years-predicts-later-visual-and-ophthalmological-problems-in-children-born-very-preterm
#18
Jonina Hreinsdottir, Ylva Fredriksson Kaul, Lena Hellström-Westas, Kerstin Rosander, Claes von Hofsten, Gerd Holmström
AIM: To identify possible predictive factors for visual problems at 6.5 years in children born very preterm. METHODS: During 2004 to 2007, all very preterm infants (gestational age < 32 weeks) in Uppsala County, Sweden, were screened for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) neonatally; at four months visual tracking was tested; at 2.5 years, visuospatial and cognitive tests were carried out. At 6.5 years, 84 preterm children and a reference group of 64 full-term children underwent ophthalmological testing...
December 29, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284188/repeated-doses-of-salbutamol-and-aeroallergen-sensitisation-both-increased-salbutamol-induced-hypoxia-in-children-and-adolescents-with-acute-asthma
#19
Murat Ozer, Betul Buyuktiryaki, Umit Murat Sahiner, Ozlem Teksam, Betul Karaatmaca, Ozge Soyer, Bulent Enis Sekerel
AIM: We aimed to identify the frequency, magnitude and risk factors of salbutamol-induced hypoxia in children with acute asthma. METHODS: This study was conducted at Hacettepe University on children who presented to the paediatric allergy clinic or the paediatric emergency room with acute asthma between July 2014 and June 2015. Vital signs, pulse oximeter defined oxygen saturation and modified pulmonary index scores were evaluated before and after the first, second and third doses of nebulised salbutamol and repeated one and 10 days later...
December 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284180/study-of-top-ballet-school-students-revealed-large-deficiencies-in-their-body-weight-and-body-fat
#20
Elżbieta Grochowska-Niedworok, Marek Kardas, Edyta Fatyga, Karolina Piórkowska-Staniek, Małgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń, Teresa Kokot
AIM: This study assessed the nutritional status and physical activity levels of 150 female students aged 10-18 from three top Polish ballet schools, where the most promising dancers go on to pursue professional ballet careers. METHODS: We analysed the girls' body composition, physical activity level (PAL) and PAL coefficient. The ballet students also completed a questionnaire. RESULTS: The results revealed large deficiencies in the body weight and body fat of the young ballerinas...
December 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
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